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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#1
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110502/accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-nuclear-cytoplasmic-ratio-assessments-in-urinary-cytology-specimens
#2
Lester J Layfield, Magda Esebua, Shellaine R Frazier, Richard D Hammer, William W Bivin, Van Nguyen, Ilker Ersoy, Robert L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio is commonly used for assessment of the presence of malignancy and for grading and typing of malignant neoplasms. Despite its widespread usage, little information exists regarding the accuracy and reproducibility of non-automated assessment. METHODS: Forty-seven cells obtained from Papanicolaou stained urine cytologies were assessed by quantitative image analysis for nuclear area and cell area. The nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio was calculated...
February 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110410/neurophysiological-assessment-of-brain-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-patients-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Eric Azabou, Catherine Fischer, Jean Michel Guerit, Djillali Annane, François Mauguiere, Fréderic Lofaso, Tarek Sharshar
The aim of this review was to provide up-to-date information about the usefulness of clinical neurophysiology testing in the management of critically ill patients. Evoked potentials (EPs) and electroencephalogram (EEG) are non-invasive clinical neurophysiology tools that allow an objective assessment of the central nervous system's function at the bedside in intensive care unit (ICU). These tests are quite useful in diagnosing cerebral complications, and establishing the vital and functional prognosis in ICU...
January 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110405/cyanotoxins-producing-organisms-occurrence-toxicity-mechanism-of-action-and-human-health-toxicological-risk-evaluation
#4
REVIEW
Franca M Buratti, Maura Manganelli, Susanna Vichi, Mara Stefanelli, Simona Scardala, Emanuela Testai, Enzo Funari
Cyanobacteria were present on the earth 3.5 billion years ago; since then they have colonized almost all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They produce a high number of bioactive molecules, among which some are cyanotoxins. Cyanobacterial growth at high densities, forming blooms, is increasing in extension and frequency, following anthropogenic activities and climate changes, giving rise to some concern for human health and animal life exposed to cyanotoxins. Numerous cases of lethal poisonings have been associated with cyanotoxins ingestion in wild animal and livestock...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110384/compass-systems
#5
Nikita Chernetsov
Three compass systems based on global cues known to exist in migrating birds are reviewed. Two of these systems are based on celestial cues, a time-dependent sun compass and time-independent, i.e. not involving the internal clock, star compass. The third system is the magnetic compass, based on a separate sensory modality, which currently attracts much attention from behavioural ecologists, physiologists and physicists. The complex pattern of hierarchy and interactions between these compass systems is briefly discussed...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110361/the-impact-of-routine-whole-spine-mri-screening-in-the-evaluation-of-spinal-degenerative-diseases
#6
Rishi Mugesh Kanna, Younis Kamal, Anupama Mahesh, Prakash Venugopal, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, S Rajasekaran
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine is a sensitive investigation, which not only provides detailed images of the spinal column but also adjacent spinal regions and para-vertebral organ systems. Such incidental findings (IF) can be asymptomatic but significant. The efficacy of whole spine T2 sagittal screening in providing additional information has been demonstrated in several spinal diseases but its routine use in patients with spinal degenerative diseases has not been studied...
January 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110357/the-potential-role-of-tree-diversity-in-reducing-shallow-landslide-risk
#7
Yuta Kobayashi, Akira S Mori
Recently, interest in utilizing ecosystems for disaster risk reduction has increased, even though there remains considerable uncertainty regarding the role of ecosystems in buffering against natural hazards. This ecosystem role can be considered an ecosystem service. Although a strong body of evidence shows that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services, there are only a few studies of the relationship between biodiversity and the role of the ecosystem in reducing the risk of natural disasters. To explore the desired state of an ecosystem for disaster risk reduction we applied the finding that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services to evaluate the role of woody vegetation in reducing the frequency and severity of shallow landslides...
January 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110313/framework-for-2d-3d-image-fusion-of-infrared-thermography-with-preoperative-mri
#8
Nico Hoffmann, Florian Weidner, Peter Urban, Tobias Meyer, Christian Schnabel, Yordan Radev, Gabriele Schackert, Uwe Petersohn, Edmund Koch, Stefan Gumhold, Gerald Steiner, Matthias Kirsch
Multimodal medical image fusion combines information of one or more images in order to improve the diagnostic value. While previous applications mainly focus on merging images from computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonic and single-photon emission computed tomography, we propose a novel approach for the registration and fusion of preoperative 3D MRI with intraoperative 2D infrared thermography. Image-guided neurosurgeries are based on neuronavigation systems, which further allow us track the position and orientation of arbitrary cameras...
January 23, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110274/c4-photosynthesis-50-years-of-discovery-and-innovation
#9
EDITORIAL
Susanne von Caemmerer, Oula Ghannoum, Robert T Furbank
It is now over half a century since the biochemical characterization of the C4 photosynthetic pathway, and this special issue highlights the sheer breadth of current knowledge. New genomic and transcriptomic information shows that multi-level regulation of gene expression is required for the pathway to function, yet we know it to be one of the most dynamic examples of convergent evolution. Now, a focus on the molecular transition from C3-C4 intermediates, together with improved mathematical models, experimental tools and transformation systems, holds great promise for improving C4 photosynthesis in crops...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110105/a-common-neural-hub-resolves-syntactic-and-non-syntactic-conflict-through-cooperation-with-task-specific-networks
#10
Nina S Hsu, Susanne M Jaeggi, Jared M Novick
Regions within the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) have simultaneously been implicated in syntactic processing and cognitive control. Accounts attempting to unify LIFG's function hypothesize that, during comprehension, cognitive control resolves conflict between incompatible representations of sentence meaning. Some studies demonstrate co-localized activity within LIFG for syntactic and non-syntactic conflict resolution, suggesting domain-generality, but others show non-overlapping activity, suggesting domain-specific cognitive control and/or regions that respond uniquely to syntax...
January 18, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109990/ictal-eeg-fmri-study-of-vertiginous-seizures
#11
Alessandra Morano, Marco Carnì, Sara Casciato, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano, Jinane Fattouch, Martina Fanella, Mariarita Albini, Luca Manfredi Basili, Giulia Lucignani, Marco Scapeccia, Regina Tomassi, Elisabetta Di Castro, Claudio Colonnese, Anna Teresa Giallonardo, Carlo Di Bonaventura
Vertigo and dizziness are extremely common complaints, related to either peripheral or central nervous system disorders. Among the latter, epilepsy has to be taken into consideration: indeed, vertigo may be part of the initial aura of a focal epileptic seizure in association with other signs/symptoms, or represent the only ictal manifestation, a rare phenomenon known as "vertiginous" or "vestibular" seizure. These ictal symptoms are usually related to a discharge arising from/involving temporal or parietal areas, which are supposed to be a crucial component of the so-called "vestibular cortex"...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109869/outcomes-infectiousness-and-transmission-dynamics-of-patients-with-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-home-discharged-patients-with-programmatically-incurable-tuberculosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Keertan Dheda, Jason D Limberis, Elize Pietersen, Jody Phelan, Aliasgar Esmail, Maia Lesosky, Kevin P Fennelly, Julian Te Riele, Barbara Mastrapa, Elizabeth M Streicher, Tania Dolby, Abdallah M Abdallah, Fathia Ben-Rached, John Simpson, Liezel Smith, Tawanda Gumbo, Paul van Helden, Frederick A Sirgel, Ruth McNerney, Grant Theron, Arnab Pain, Taane G Clark, Robin M Warren
BACKGROUND: The emergence of programmatically incurable tuberculosis threatens to destabilise control efforts. The aim of this study was to collect prospective patient-level data to inform treatment and containment strategies. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 273 South African patients with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, or resistance beyond extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, were followed up over a period of 6 years. Transmission dynamics, infectiousness, and drug susceptibility were analysed in a subset of patients from the Western Cape using whole-genome sequencing (WGS; n=149), a cough aerosol sampling system (CASS; n=26), and phenotypic testing for 18 drugs (n=179)...
January 18, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109832/a-novel-hybrid-auditory-bci-paradigm-combining-assr-and-p300
#13
Netiwit Kaongoen, Sungho Jo
BACKGROUND: Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a technology that provides an alternative way of communication by translating brain activities into digital commands. Due to the incapability of using the vision-dependent BCI for patients who have visual impairment, auditory stimuli have been used to substitute the conventional visual stimuli. NEW METHOD: This paper introduces a hybrid auditory BCI that utilizes and combines auditory steady state response (ASSR) and spatial-auditory P300 BCI to improve the performance for the auditory BCI system...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109798/adverse-events-associated-with-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-outpatient-circumcisions-at-us-children-s-hospitals
#14
Katherine H Chan, Benjamin M Whittam, Elizabeth A S Moser, Mark P Cain, William E Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Doctors often use surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) despite limited evidence to support its efficacy. We sought to determine the association between SAP in children undergoing circumcision and the rate of perioperative adverse events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of males >30 days old and <18 years old who underwent circumcision from 2004 to 2014 using the Pediatric Health Information System database. We excluded inpatients and those with any concomitant procedures...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109629/the-pharmacist-s-role-in-overdose-using-mapping-technologies-to-analyze-naloxone-and-pharmacy-distribution
#15
Allison Burrell, Laken Ethun, Jaime Allen Fawcett, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Karl Williams, Shannon M Kearney, Janice L Pringle
OBJECTIVES: To present preliminary research using geographic information system (GIS) mapping as a tool that can be integrated into pharmacy practice to increase access to and utilization of pharmacy-based interventions, including the distribution of naloxone. METHODS: Overdose death data was collected from medical examiner reports in an online database, and pharmacies carrying and distributing naloxone were determined by ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in Allegheny County, PA...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109596/genotype-by-environment-climate-interaction-improves-genomic-prediction-for-production-traits-in-us-holstein-cattle
#16
F Tiezzi, G de Los Campos, K L Parker Gaddis, C Maltecca
Genotype by environment interaction (G × E) in dairy cattle productive traits has been shown to exist, but current genetic evaluation methods do not take this component into account. As several environmental descriptors (e.g., climate, farming system) are known to vary within the United States, not accounting for the G × E could lead to reranking of bulls and loss in genetic gain. Using test-day records on milk yield, somatic cell score, fat, and protein percentage from all over the United States, we computed within herd-year-season daughter-yield deviations for 1,087 Holstein bulls and regressed them on genetic and environmental information to estimate variance components and to assess prediction accuracy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109566/effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-an-updated-evidence-based-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
D K Ravi, N Kumar, P Singhi
BACKGROUND: The use of virtual reality systems in the motor rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy is new, and thus the scientific evidence for its effectiveness needs to be evaluated through a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To provide updated evidence-based guidance for virtual reality rehabilitation in sensory and functional motor skills of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PEDro, Web of Science, OTseeker, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched from their earliest records up to 1 June, 2016...
September 27, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109469/associations-between-neighbourhood-support-and-financial-burden-with-unmet-needs-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#18
Katie M O'Brien, Aileen Timmons, Phyllis Butow, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Myles Balfe, Linda Sharp
PURPOSE: To assess the unmet needs of head and neck cancer survivors and investigate associated factors. In particular, to explore whether social support (family/friends and neighbours) and financial burden are associated with unmet needs of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of HNC survivors, with 583 respondents included in the analysis. Information was collected on unmet supportive care needs as measured by the Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34)...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109442/label-free-and-standard-free-absolute-quantitative-proteomics-using-the-total-protein-and-proteomic-ruler-approaches
#19
J R Wiśniewski
Understanding biological systems and their variation upon stimuli requires knowledge on their composition, primarily including information on organization and dynamics of proteomes. The total protein approach (TPA) is a label- and standard-free method for absolute protein quantitation of proteins using large-scale proteomic data. The method relies on the assumption that the total MS signal from all identified proteins in the dataset reflects-in a biochemical sense-the total protein and the MS signal from a single protein corresponds its abundance in the studied sample...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109426/wgcna-application-to-proteomic-and-metabolomic-data-analysis
#20
G Pei, L Chen, W Zhang
Progresses in mass spectrometric instrumentation and bioinformatics identification algorithms made over the past decades allow quantitative measurements of relative or absolute protein/metabolite amounts in cells in a high-throughput manner, which has significantly expedited the exploration into functions and dynamics of complex biological systems. However, interpretation of high-throughput data is often restricted by the limited availability of suitable computational methods and enough statistical power. While many computational methodologies have been developed in the past decades to address the issue, it becomes clear that network-focused rather than individual gene/protein-focused strategies would be more appropriate to obtain a complete picture of cellular responses...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
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