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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931264/assessment-of-the-accuracy-and-errors-of-head-up-display-by-an-optical-neuronavigation-system-in-brain-tumor-surgery
#1
Kenichiro Asano, Kosuke Katayama, Kiyohide Kakuta, Kanae Oyama, Hiroki Ohkuma
BACKGROUND: A head-up display (HUD) in which navigational information is projected into the microscope view may enable surgeons to perform operations more efficiently. Projecting depictions of both tumor and important intracranial structures on the HUD may facilitate safe surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate accuracy and errors regarding important intracranial structures, errors due to brain shifts, and preservation rates for important intracranial structures. METHODS: A total of 184 surgeries in 172 patients were performed using this operation system...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931117/migrant-tuberculosis-patient-needs-and-health-system-response-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#2
Naomi Tschirhart, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
This article aims to identify how the health system in Tak province, Thailand has responded to migrants' barriers to tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Our qualitatively driven multi-methods project utilized focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and a survey of community health volunteers to collect data in 2014 from multiple perspectives. Migrants identified legal status and transportation difficulties as the primary barriers to seeking TB treatment. Lack of financial resources and difficulties locating appropriate and affordable health services in other Thai provinces or across the border in Myanmar further contributed to migrants' challenges...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931014/phonological-memory-in-sign-language-relies-on-the-visuomotor-neural-system-outside-the-left-hemisphere-language-network
#3
Yuji Kanazawa, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toru Ishii, Toshihiko Aso, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Koichi Omori
Sign language is an essential medium for everyday social interaction for deaf people and plays a critical role in verbal learning. In particular, language development in those people should heavily rely on the verbal short-term memory (STM) via sign language. Most previous studies compared neural activations during signed language processing in deaf signers and those during spoken language processing in hearing speakers. For sign language users, it thus remains unclear how visuospatial inputs are converted into the verbal STM operating in the left-hemisphere language network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930990/application-of-an-amplitude-integrated-eeg-monitor-cerebral-function-monitor-to-neonates
#4
Nora Bruns, Susanne Blumenthal, Irmgard Meyer, Susanne Klose-Verschuur, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Hanna Müller
Amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is an easily accessible technique to monitor the electrocortical activity in preterm and term infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). This method was first used to monitor newborns after asphyxia, providing information about future neurological outcomes. The aEEG is also helpful to select newborns who benefit from cooling. The aEEG monitoring of preterm infants is becoming more widespread, as various studies have shown that neurodevelopmental outcome is related to early aEEG tracings...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#5
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930813/temporal-changes-in-prescription-of-neuropharmacologic-drugs-and-utilization-of-resources-related-to-neurologic-morbidity-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-bronchiolitis
#6
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930760/medical-education-and-health-care-delivery-a-call-to-better-align-goals-and-purposes
#7
David P Sklar, Paul A Hemmer, Steven J Durning
The transformation of the U.S. health care system is under way, driven by the needs of an aging population, rising health care spending, and the availability of health information. However, the speed and effectiveness of the transformation of health care delivery will depend, in large part, upon engagement of the health professions community and changes in clinicians' practice behaviors. Current efforts to influence practice behaviors emphasize changes in the health payment system with incentives to move from fee-for-service to alternative payment models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930615/role-for-apolipoprotein-e-in-neurodegeneration-and-mercury-intoxication
#8
Gabriela de Paula Fonseca Arrifano, Marcus Augusto de Oliveira, Jose Rogerio Souza-Monteiro, Ricardo Oliveira Paraense, Andrea Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Jose Richardo Dos Santos Vieira, Artur Luis da Costa Silva, Barbarella de Matos Macchi, Jose Luiz Martins do Nascimento, Rommel Mario Rodriguez Burbano, Maria Elena Crespo-Lopez
Mercury intoxication is a serious public health problem and a worldwide concern. The Minamata Convention on Mercury has been signed by 128 countries and endorsed by the World Health Organization with the recommendation of promoting the management of epidemiological information. The Central Nervous System is the main target organ for mercury. Symptoms of intoxication include altered motor coordination, visual and tactile dysfunction and paralysis, caused by neurodegeneration with a key role for oxidative damage...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930312/long-range-magnetic-response-of-toroidal-boron-structures-b16-and-co-b16-3-species
#9
Alvaro Muñoz-Castro, Ivan A Popov, Alexander I Boldyrev
A correlation between the long-range characteristics of the magnetic response of toroidal boron-based structures is given, involving the uncoordinated B16 cluster and the hypercoordinated [Co@B16](-/3-) counterparts. It is found that the perfectly symmetrical doubly aromatic systems share common features, involving a continuous shielding region for the orientation-averaged response (isotropic), and a long-ranged shielding cone under a perpendicularly oriented applied field (B). In contrast, the conflicting aromatic structure given by the slightly distorted species, exhibits an enhanced deshielding cone under B, which dominates the isotropic character of the response...
September 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930303/mitigation-measures-of-electromagnetic-field-exposure-in-the-vicinity-of-high-frequency-welders
#10
Bartłomiej Zubrzak, Pawel Bieńkowski, Pawel Cała
BACKGROUND: Presented information about the welding process and equipment, focusing on the emission of electromagnetic field (EMF) with levels significant in terms of the labor safety regulations in force in Poland - the ordinances of the Minister of Family, Labour and Social Policy that came into force on June 27, 2016 and June 29, 2016 - emerged due to harmonization with EU directive 2013/35/EU of 26 June 2013 of the European Parliament and the Council. They presented methods of determination of the EMF distribution in the welding machine surroundings and analyzed the background knowledge from the available literature...
September 20, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930296/the-verified-neighbor-approach-to-geoprivacy-an-improved-method-for-geographic-masking
#11
Wayne Richter
Geographic information adds a powerful component to environmental epidemiology studies but can compromise subject confidentiality. Although locations are often masked by perturbing spatial coordinates, existing masks do not ensure that the perturbation area contains a sufficient number of valid surrogates to prevent disclosure, nor are they designed to minimize perturbation while maintaining a specified level of privacy. I introduce a new approach to geoprivacy in which real property parcel data with information about land use are used to develop a pool of verified neighbors...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930168/a-review-of-the-composition-of-the-essential-oils-and-biological-activities-of-angelica-species
#12
REVIEW
Kandasamy Sowndhararajan, Ponnuvel Deepa, Minju Kim, Se Jin Park, Songmun Kim
A number of Angelica species have been used in traditional systems of medicine to treat many ailments. Especially, essential oils (EOs) from the Angelica species have been used for the treatment of various health problems, including malaria, gynecological diseases, fever, anemia, and arthritis. EOs are complex mixtures of low molecular weight compounds, especially terpenoids and their oxygenated compounds. These components deliver specific fragrance and biological properties to essential oils. In this review, we summarized the chemical composition and biological activities of EOs from different species of Angelica...
September 20, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930101/squeezed-dirac-and-topological-magnons-in-a-bosonic-honeycomb-optical-lattice
#13
Solomon Owerre, Joachim Nsofini
Quantum information storage using charge-neutral quasiparticles are expected to play a crucial role in the future of quantum computers. In this regard, magnons or collective spin-wave excitations in solid-state materials are promising candidates in the future of quantum computing. Here, we study the quantum squeezing of Dirac and topological magnons in a bosonic honeycomb optical lattice with spin-orbit interaction by utilizing the mapping to quantum spin-$1/2$ XYZ Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice with discrete Z$_2$ symmetry and a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929971/medisyn-uncertainty-aware-visualization-of-multiple-biomedical-datasets-to-support-drug-treatment-selection
#14
Chen He, Luana Micallef, Zia-Ur-Rehman Tanoli, Samuel Kaski, Tero Aittokallio, Giulio Jacucci
BACKGROUND: Dispersed biomedical databases limit user exploration to generate structured knowledge. Linked Data unifies data structures and makes the dispersed data easy to search across resources, but it lacks supporting human cognition to achieve insights. In addition, potential errors in the data are difficult to detect in their free formats. Devising a visualization that synthesizes multiple sources in such a way that links between data sources are transparent, and uncertainties, such as data conflicts, are salient is challenging...
September 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929964/-investigation-of-bacterial-and-viral-etiology-in-community-acquired-central-nervous-system-infections-with-molecular-methods
#15
Hasip Kahraman, Alper Tünger, Şebnem Şenol, Hörü Gazi, Meltem Avcı, Bahar Örmen, Nesrin Türker, Sabri Atalay, Şükran Köse, Sercan Ulusoy, Meltem Işıkgöz Taşbakan, Oğuz Reşat Sipahi, Tansu Yamazhan, Zeynep Gülay, Sema Alp Çavuş, Hüsnü Pullukçu
In this multicenter prospective cohort study, it was aimed to evaluate the bacterial and viral etiology in community-acquired central nervous system infections by standart bacteriological culture and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Patients hospitalized with central nervous system infections between April 2012 and February 2014 were enrolled in the study. Demographic and clinical information of the patients were collected prospectively. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of the patients were examined by standart bacteriological culture methods, bacterial multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-B ACE Detection (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Group B streptococci) and viral multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-V1 ACE Detection kits herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV1), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and human herpes virus 6 (HHV6)) (Seeplex meningitis-V2 ACE Detection kit (enteroviruses))...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929837/a-review-of-the-historical-criminological-and-theoretical-understandings-of-the-cambodian-american-population-a-call-for-more-comprehensive-research
#16
Dany Chheang, Eric J Connolly
The collective view of Asian Americans as model minorities is evident with the extensive amount of statistical data showing support for the academic and socioeconomic success of Asian Americans in the United States. This perception, however, often presents an inaccurate portrayal of Asian Americans, in general, as it overlooks many of the difficulties and hardships experienced by Asian American ethnic groups such as Southeast Asians. Within this group, Cambodian Americans are at the highest risk for experiencing socioeconomic hardships, behavioral health problems, substance use disorders, and contact with the criminal justice system, with deportation also being a prevailing issue...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#17
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929696/-clinical-analysis-of-cervus-and-cucumis-polypeptide-injection-based-on-real-world-hospital-information-system
#18
Shuai-Ling Sun, Yan-Ming Xie, Yuan-Yuan Li, Yin Zhang, Dan-Hui Yi, Yan Zhuang
To analyze the clinical application of Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection in the real world, in order to define the characteristics of clinical drug use and correlation, and provide reference for risk management and further study for Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection. Descriptive analysis and association rules analysis were performed on 37 721 cases using Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection in 26 hospitals nationwide. Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection were mostly adopted by patients aged between 45 and 64(39...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929668/-systematic-review-on-safety-of-sofren-injection
#19
Yi Que, Yan-Ming Xie, Xing Liao, Yi-Li Zhang
This systematic review aims to evaluate the drug safety of sofren injection in clinical studies. Seven databases were retrieved, and the articles were extracted by 2 researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then the quality of all studies and extracted information was evaluated. Sixty three articles were finally included in our study, including 58 randomized controlled trials, 3 non randomized controlled trials, and 2 case reports. All studies included 5 872 patients. Intervention group had a total of 23 cases of adverse drug reaction(ADR), accounting for 0...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929644/-current-status-and-prospects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-resource-ex-situ-conservation
#20
REVIEW
Ling Que, Guang Yang, Jian-Hua Miao, Hai-Yang Wang, Min Chen, Chun-Xin Zang
Protection of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) resources is the foundation of sustainable development of TCM industry, which includes the in-situ and ex-situ conservation. The development of TCM resource ex-situ conservation was reviewed, and hotpots in the conservation and its development practices were analyzed. Therefore national TCM resource ex-situ conservation systems were proposed, including the establishment of TCM resources introduction gardens, TCM resource in vitro conservation library and TCM resource bio-information sharing platform, rational distribution of TCM resources ex-situ conservation agencies, along with the advancement of TCM varieties breeding, and the perfection of Chinese herbal medicines seed and seedlings market, which are of significant importance on the guidance of TCM resource ex-situ conservation development...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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