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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776006/mineralization-can-be-an-incidental-ultrasonographic-finding-in-equine-tendons-and-ligaments
#1
Etienne J O O'Brien, Roger K W Smith
Tendon/ligament mineralization is recognized in horses but information regarding its clinical significance is limited. The aims of this observational study were to report the structures most commonly affected by ultrasonographically detectable mineralization and, for these, determine frequency of diagnosis and key clinical features. Cases presented at our hospital in April 1999-April 2013 and September 2014-November 2015 were included: a total of 27 horses (22 retrospective, five prospective). Mineralizations were most common in deep digital flexor tendons (10) and suspensory ligament branches (eight), representing 10% and 7% (estimated), respectively, of horses diagnosed with injuries to these structures during the study...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775451/-recurrent-urolithiasis-as-a-symptom-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#2
Monika Wojciechowska, Beata Bieniaś, Aleksandra Sobieszczańska-Droździel, Anna Wieczorkiewicz-Płaza, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Przemysław Sikora
Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases, however, it is rare in children. In most cases, it is caused by adenoma of these organs. Its most common complications include urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and osteoporosis. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old patient was admitted to our Clinic because of his first-ever renal colic. The ultrasound examination revealed rightsided hydronephrosis caused by the presence of 9 mm stone in the upper part of the right ureter. In addition, the presence of 8 mm stone in the middle calyx of the left kidney was found...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775008/-skull-base-metastasis-from-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-3-cases-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Z Chen, Q H Qiu, Q H Zhang, Z C Zhu, Y Peng, H Liu
Skull base metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), including papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma, is a rare manifestation and easily misdiagnosed. In this study, we reported three cases whose initial clinical presentation was skull base metastasis complaints with the presence of silent primary sites. Based on the thyroid ultrasound and histopathology (identifying skull base and primary thyroid tumor), the final diagnoses of DTC metastasis to skull base were confirmed. Two patients underwent removal of metastasizing tumors in the skull base and primary thyroid cancer, and have respectively survived 58 months and 4 months since then...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774966/test-characteristics-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-retinal-detachment-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Daniel J Kim, Mario Francispragasam, Gavin Docherty, Byron Silver, Ross Prager, Donna Lee, David Maberley
Previous studies of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) have reported high sensitivities and specificities for retinal detachment (RD). Our primary objective was to assess the test characteristics of POCUS performed by a large heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EPs) for the diagnosis of RD. METHODS: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of POCUS performed by EPs with varying ultrasound experience on a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with flashes or floaters in one or both eyes...
May 18, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774459/possible-role-of-standardized-echography-complementing-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-tumors-of-the-anterior-eye-segment-a-study-in-a-series-of-13-patients
#5
B Kuzmanović Elabjer, M Bušić, D Miletić, M Bjeloš, N Vukojević, D Bosnar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of standardized A-scan echography (ASE) complementing ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to propose the most efficient method as grounds for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of anterior eye-segment tumors. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were tumors of the ciliary body and peripheral choroidal tumors, whose anterior border could not be visualized with a 10 MHz ultrasound probe. The largest basal dimension and the highest prominence of the tumor were measured with a UBM Lin 50 probe...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774379/-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#6
REVIEW
J M Lieb, F J Ahlhelm
CLINICAL ISSUE: Agenesis of the corpus callosum is reported to have an incidence of about 1:4000 live births. In 30-45% of cases, genetic etiologies can be identified, e. g., 10% chromosomal anomalies and 20-35% genetic syndromes. Environmental factors like fetal alcohol syndrome are also known to be prone to callosal agenesis. Callosal agenesis can be complete or partial and can be isolated or associated with other central nervous system (CNS) anomalies (e. g., cortical developmental disorders, callosal lipoma, intracranial cysts) or extra-CNS anomalies (e...
May 17, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773479/emergency-department-diagnosis-of-septic-pulmonary-embolism-due-to-infectious-endocarditis-using-bedside-ultrasound
#7
Jason Arthur, Juvenal Havyarimana, Ashley Booth Norse
BACKGROUND: Septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) is a rare disorder caused by metastasis of infectious thrombi to the lungs. Most commonly, this occurs as a result of infectious endocarditis. This clinical entity may easily be confused for more common and less mortal diagnoses such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or pulmonary embolism. CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old woman presented in respiratory distress with a complaint of cough productive of rusty sputum, shortness of breath, and pleuritic chest pain...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773450/acromioclavicular-joint-septic-arthritis-in-an-immunocompetent-child-a-case-report
#8
Saurabh Dutt, Jeetendra Lodhi, Vinod Kumar, Abhishek Kashyap
Septic arthritis of acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a rare entity. It is generally seen in patients who are immunocompromised. Only 15 cases have been reported till now, with only one case series of 6 patients. We report a case of septic arthritis of AC joint in an immunocompetent child. A 9 years old girl presented with history of pain in left shoulder for 4 days associated with fever. No history suggestive of any immunocompromised state was complained. On local examination, a swelling of around 3 cm in diameter was found over left AC joint region with raised local temperature, tenderness on palpation and positive response in fluctuation test...
March 23, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773295/the-diagnostic-yield-using-ultrasound-guided-needle-aspiration-for-subpleural-primary-lung-cancer-is-not-affected-by-the-radiological-properties-of-the-lesions-resulting-from-computed-tomography
#9
Naoko Iwakami, Shin-Ichiro Iwakami, Munechika Hara, Mitsuaki Sekiya, Takashi Dambara, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: It is well known that ultrasound-guided needle-aspiration (USGNA) for intrapulmonary subpleural lesion in contact with the pleura is useful and safe, and its diagnostic yield is high. However, reports concerned with the analyses of cases with intrapulmonary subpleural lesion which could not be diagnosed using USGNA are limited. The objective of this study is to clarify the radiological properties of subpleural primary lung cancer which obstruct diagnosis by USGNA. METHODS: The consecutive cases with subpleural primary lung cancer whose radiological properties could be confirmed by thoracic computed tomography (CT) without contrast enhancement (CE), and examined by USGNA at our hospital between January 1999 and December 2014 have been analyzed...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773245/validation-of-an-open-source-tool-for-measuring-carotid-lumen-diameter-and-intima-media-thickness
#10
Hugo Luis Manterola, Lucas Lo Vercio, Alejandro Díaz, Mariana Del Fresno, Ignacio Larrabide
In low- and middle-income regions, a relatively large number of deaths occur from cardiovascular disease or stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid lumen diameter (cLD) are strong indicators of cardiovascular event risk and stenosis severity, respectively. The interactive open-source software described here, Cimtool, is based on active contours for measuring these indicators in clinical practice and thus helping in preventive diagnosis and treatment. Cimtool was validated using carotid phantoms and real images obtained using ultrasound...
May 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772934/image-guided-vacuum-assisted-breast-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-breast-microcalcifications
#11
Jun Liu, Linping Huang
Objective The present study was performed to assess the accuracy and clinical value of image-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy in the diagnosis of mammography-detected breast microcalcifications. Methods This prospective study involved 100 patients with suspicious mammography-detected microcalcifications who underwent image-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsies from January 2013 to October 2016. Stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (SVAB) was performed in 64 patients, and ultrasound (US)-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (US-VAB) was performed in 36 patients in whom application of SVAB was difficult...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771778/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-using-19-g-needle-for-sarcoidosis
#12
Akshu Balwan
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy with endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is increasingly being used to obtain pathology specimens for diagnosis of sarcoidosis. There is wide variation in reported diagnostic yield in literature. New TBNA needles are available in the market but data are lacking about their diagnostic yield especially for sarcoidosis. This study reports the diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy with EBUS-TBNA using ViziShot FLEX 19-G needle in a series of patients with suspected sarcoidosis...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771773/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-with-a-19-g-needle-device
#13
Alain Tremblay, Seamus McFadden, Martina Bonifazi, Valentina Luzzi, Samuel V Kemp, Stefano Gasparini, Alex Chee, Paul MacEachern, Elaine Dumoulin, Christopher A Hergott, Pallav L Shah
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is a well-established first-line minimally invasive modality for mediastinal lymph node sampling. Although results are excellent overall, the technique underperforms in certain situations. We aimed to describe our results using a new 19-G EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration device to determine safety and feasibility of this approach. METHODS: We completed a retrospective chart review of all cases performed to the time of data analysis at each of 3 study sites...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771170/cgh-array-and-karyotype-as-complementary-tools-in-prenatal-diagnosis-prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-4q-derivative-chromosome-from-maternal-4q-11q-translocation
#14
Cristina Gonzalez, Miriam Gutierrez Serrano, Carmen Barbancho Lopez, Taida Garcia-Riaño, Vanesa Barea Calero, Rebeca Moreno Perea, Begoña Rodriguez Mogollón, Amelia Queipo Rojas, Ana Garcia Climent, Fernando Cava Valenciano
BACKGROUND: There is controversy whether chromosomal microarray (CMA) can replace karyotyping in prenatal diagnosis. Chromosomal microarray may detect more clinically significant chromosomal imbalances than karyotyping in a shorter time but does not detect inversions, triploidies or low mosaicisms. CASE REPORT: Amniocentesis was performed in the late second trimester based on ultrasound abnormalities. A CMA, obtained at 10 days, demonstrated a terminal deletion in 4q34...
May 17, 2018: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771148/prospective-randomized-trial-of-electrolysis-for-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#15
Tomás Fernández-Rodríguez, Álvaro Fernández-Rolle, Sebastián Truyols-Domínguez, Jose C Benítez-Martínez, Jose Casaña-Granell
BACKGROUND: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a common condition with high prevalence rates and a projected cost of treatment of US$192 to US$376 million. There are several therapeutic approaches and there is increased interest in treatments aimed at the regeneration of tissues with poor healing potential. Our purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis in chronic plantar heel pain. METHODS: A total of 73 patients with a clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of plantar heel pain unrelated to systemic inflammatory disease who had not received any other treatment in the previous 6 months on the affected foot were randomly allocated to receive either ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis of the fascia (experimental group, n = 39) or placebo puncture (control group, n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770771/the-usefulness-of-agent-emission-imaging-high-mechanical-index-ultrasound-mode-in-the-diagnosis-of-urolithiasis-a-prospective-preliminary-study
#16
Artur Salmaslıoğlu, Mesut Bulakçı, Barış Bakır, Ravza Yılmaz, Yunus Emre Akpınar, Tzevat Tefik, Öner Şanlı, Sevda Özel, Bülent Acunas
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of agent emission imaging - high mechanical index (AEI-High MI) mode ultrasonography (US) compared with gray-scale and color Doppler US, alone or in combination, for the diagnosis of urolithiasis with reference to unenhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: This prospective study included 72 consecutive patients (40 males, 32 females; mean age, 45.9±14.7 years) referred by the department of urology for acute or elective symptoms of urolithiasis and confirmed to have urinary calculi on unenhanced abdominal CT, between January 2015 and June 2015...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770313/management-of-the-axilla-in-metaplastic-breast-carcinoma
#17
Brittany L Murphy, Robert T Fazzio, Tanya L Hoskin, Katrina N Glazebrook, Michael G Keeney, Elizabeth B Habermann, Tina J Hieken
Background: Metaplastic breast cancer (MBC), characterized by admixed epithelial, squamous or mesenchymal elements, constitutes <1% of breast cancers and has a poor prognosis but a paradoxically low reported rate of axillary lymph node (LN) involvement. Due to its rarity, data on appropriate axillary management is lacking, prompting this investigation of LN status and outcomes. Methods: We identified 41 MBC patients treated at our institution 2001-2011 who were followed for a median of 66 months...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770309/interventional-radiology-of-the-thyroid-gland-critical-review-and-state-of-the-art
#18
REVIEW
Antonio Barile, Simone Quarchioni, Federico Bruno, Anna Maria Ierardi, Francesco Arrigoni, Aldo Victor Giordano, Sergio Carducci, Marco Varrassi, Giampaolo Carrafiello, Ferdinando Caranci, Alessandra Splendiani, Ernesto Di Cesare, Carlo Masciocchi
Thyroid nodules are a common incidental finding during a routinely ultrasound (US) exam unrelated to the thyroid gland in the healthy adult population with a prevalence of 20-76%. As treated before with surgery, in the last years new minimally invasive techniques have been developed as an alternative to surgery. The aim of this review, based on newly revised guidelines, is to provide some information regarding the basic principles, indications, materials, techniques, and results of mini-invasive procedures or treatments for thyroid nodules...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770262/cross-sectional-imaging-of-parotid-gland-nodules-a-brief-practical-guide
#19
REVIEW
Giuseppe Cicero, Tommaso D'angelo, Sergio Racchiusa, Ignazio Salamone, Carmela Visalli, Antonio Bottari, Alfredo Blandino, Silvio Mazziotti
Clinical evaluation and ultrasound examination are the first steps in the evaluation of a patient with a swelling of the parotid region. After the detection of a nodular lesion, cytological or histological confirmation is usually performed to achieve the diagnosis, while the choice of cross-sectional imaging (computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging) may significantly vary from one physician to another, on the basis of the degree of confidence that both radiologist and surgeon have with this kind of imaging...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769153/point-of-care-ultrasound-to-diagnose-appendicitis-in-a-canadian-emergency-department
#20
Sameer Sharif, Steven Skitch, Dean Vlahaki, Andrew Healey
OBJECTIVES: Appendicitis is a common surgical condition that frequently requires diagnostic imaging. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for diagnosing appendicitis. Ultrasound offers a radiation-free modality; however, its availability outside business hours is limited in many emergency departments (EDs). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the test characteristics of emergency physician-performed point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to diagnose appendicitis in a Canadian ED...
May 17, 2018: CJEM
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