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Ultrasound diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531883/conventional-versus-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-the-diagnosis-of-hilar-mediastinal-lymph-adenopathies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Martina Bonifazi, Irene Tramacere, Lina Zuccatosta, Federico Mei, Michele Sediari, Maria Cristina Paonessa, Stefano Gasparini
BACKGROUND: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (c-TBNA) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) are both valuable diagnostic techniques for the diagnosis of hilar/mediastinal lesions. Although a superiority of EBUS-TBNA over c-TBNA may be expected, evidence-based data on a direct comparison between these 2 procedures are still lacking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test the superiority of EBUS-TBNA over c-TBNA in a randomized trial and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness profile of a staged strategy, including c-TBNA as initial test followed by EBUS-TBNA, in case of inconclusive results at rapid on-site evaluation...
May 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530079/-kidney-diseases-in-north-israel-according-to-kidney-biopsies-bnai-zion-medical-center-14-years-experience
#2
Shimon Storch, Nadav Willner, Aurora Toubi, Simona Croitoru, Vladimir Wolfson, Ibrahim Matar, Elinor Grushka, Majed Odeh, Efrat Wolfovits, Elad Schiff, Yitzhak Rosner, Elias Toubi, Aharon Kessel, Ofer Ben Izhak, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the prevalence of kidney diseases according to renal biopsy in Israel. Since updated literature worldwide emphasizes changing etiologies of chronic kidney disease, it is crucial to research and define the epidemiology and pathology of kidney disease in Israel. Hereby, we introduce an original review of the prevalence of kidney diseases in our study population, which we believe reflects the prevalence of kidney diseases in the population of Israel. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of kidney diseases diagnosed by renal biopsy, according to age, gender, race and clinical symptoms...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529656/imaging-modalities-in-patients-with-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#3
T Hesper, C Zilkens, B Bittersohl, R Krauspe
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a frequent disorder of the adolescent hip, which may lead to avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head, chondrolysis and early osteoarthritis due to the post-slip deformity of the proximal femur. To warrant the best possible outcome for the affected (and contralateral) hip, early diagnosis and proper treatment are needed. METHODS: A review of the literature was undertaken to identify today's role of available imaging modalities in the management of SCFE...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529270/pancreatic-abscess-in-a-cat-due-to-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#4
Yuki Nemoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Takako Shimokawa Miyama, Kosuke Kobayashi, Kaori Hama, Yosuke Kurogouchi, Noriyuki Fujiki, Kenji Baba, Masaru Okuda, Takuya Mizuno
A 16-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat was presented with lethargy, anorexia, and wamble. Physical and blood examination did not reveal any remarkable findings. Abdominal ultrasonography identified the presence of a localized anechoic structure with a thick wall in contact with the small intestine and adjacent to the liver. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the structure revealed fluid containing numerous cocci and neutrophils. Two days after antibiotic treatment, exploratory laparotomy was performed and the content of the structure was removed before multiple lavages...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528021/multicystic-peritoneal-mesothelioma-a-short-review
#5
Chi-Hao Zhang, Ji-Wei Yu, Meng Luo
Multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma (MCPM) is a rare neoplasm, predominantly affecting female patients during their reproductive years. The lesion is usually distributed diffusely in the abdomen and pelvis, but the peritoneum of the pelvic organs is the most common site. MCPM is composed of fluid-filled translucent cysts, connected by varying amounts of fibrous tissue, and lined by a layer of mesothelial cells. Because of the rarity of this disease, the pathogenesis and natural history of MCPM remain poorly understood and continuously debated...
March 31, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527820/adventitial-cystic-disease-of-radial-artery-apropos-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#6
Álvaro Torres-Blanco, Luis Ariel Pepén-Moquete, Vicente Molina-Nácher, Francisco Gómez-Palonés
Adventitial cystic disease is an uncommon condition that is characterized by the collection of mucinous material that accumulates in the adventitial layer of the artery. Predominantly, this entity affects the popliteal artery, whereas it is extremely rare in the radial artery. We report a 72-year-old female patient that underwent surgical treatment of an adventitial cyst of the right radial artery. The involved arterial segment was resected, and reconstruction by means of the interposition of a saphenous vein graft was performed...
May 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527270/-effect-of-antenatal-spiramycin-treatment-on-the-frequency-of-retinochoroiditis-due-to-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-a-colombian-cohort
#7
Liliana María Zuluaga, John Camilo Hernández, Carlos Felipe Castaño, Jorge Hernando Donado
INTRODUCTION: Gestational toxoplasmosis is frequent and severe. There is still debate about the benefits of treatment against ocular manifestations in the newborn. Spiramycin treatment is used for this purpose, unfortunately prenatal diagnosis is sometimes delayed and pregnant women are not treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between treatment with spiramycin during pregnancy in mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis and development of ocular toxoplasmosis in newborns...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527198/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-an-interdisciplinary-intensive-care-unit-icu-diagnostic-efficacy-in-the-assessment-of-post-operative-complications-compared-to-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-cect-first-results
#8
M Georgieva, L Beyer, I Goecze, C Stroszczynski, P Wiggermann, E M Jung
To evaluate the effectiveness of high-resolution contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to diagnose early post-operative complications in an interdisciplinary intensive care unit.In 50 patients (male 32; female 18) 64 CEUS examinations were performed in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting to detect post-operative complications. Multi-frequency transducer (1-5 and/or 6-9 MHz) were used. All 64 examinations were performed by one experienced examiner. CEUS findings were compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) findings...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525662/imaging-technologies-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-pyelonephritis
#9
Dmitry V Enikeev, Petr Glybochko, Yuriy Alyaev, Mikhail Enikeev, Leonid Rapoport
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibilities of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing acute pyelonephritis (AP) and renal abscess. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seven patients with AP were followed up from 2010 throughout 2015. All the patients were divided into three groups. Group 1 included 113 (54.6%) patients with acute nonobstructive pyelonephritis; group 2 included 33 (15.9%) patients with acute obstructive pyelonephritis; and group 3 included 61 (29...
May 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525201/-macrocystic-serous-cystadenoma-of-the-pancreas-about-a-case
#10
H Adamou, I Amadou Magagi, O Adakal, O Habou, T Tchindo, L Kolle, A Illo
Serous cystadenomas of pancreas are unusual cystic tumour. The microcystic forms is more common and its radiological diagnosis is easy. However, the macrocystic unilocular form of serous cystadenoma can be mistaken with other malignant macrocystic lesions of the pancreas. We report the case of a 17 year-old girl, admitted to the National Hospital of Niamey (Niger), with abdominal pain and an unilocular macrocystic serous cystadenoma of pancreas, diagnosed after histological examination of the surgical specimen...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524416/diagnostic-ultrasound-of-the-vagus-nerve-in-patients-with-diabetes
#11
Eman A Tawfik, Francis O Walker, Michael S Cartwright, Rana A El-Hilaly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Autonomic neuropathy is a serious and common complication of diabetes mellitus. The vagus nerve is the longest autonomic nerve, and may be affected in diabetes as a part of generalized neuropathy. Our objective was to assess for possible sonographic changes of the vagus nerve in diabetic patients. METHODS: The vagus nerve was bilaterally scanned in 20 healthy volunteers and 54 patients with diabetes in the axial plane at the lateral neck...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524145/-orbital-case-of-ocular-dirofilariasis
#12
M B Gushсhina, E V Egorova, N S Yuzhakova, S A Mal'kov
AIM: to report a clinical case of orbital dirofilariasis with attention to peculiarities of disease presentation, diagnostic measures, and treatment results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient with a history of spontaneously subsiding recurrent oedema of the lower eyelid suspicious of parasitic cyst formation. The diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively by orbital ultrasound. Surgical intervention included orbitotomy with microsurgical excision of the parasitic cyst via a percutaneous approach through the lower eyelid skin crease...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524032/-preoperative-risk-factors-analysis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-crisis-during-perioperative-period-for-caesarean-section-of-woman-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#13
Chunlei Zhang, Yaguang Liu, Enming Qing, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze preoperative risk factors of perioperative pulmonary hypertension crisis (PHC) for pregnant woman with severe pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), and approach its clinical value. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The clinical data from 152 pregnant women with severe PAH underwent cesarean delivery admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2016 was collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to with perioperative PHC or not...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523322/synchronous-bilateral-primary-ovarian-carcinoma-case-presentation
#14
Crîngu Antoniu Ionescu, Simona Vlădăreanu, Liana Pleş, Mihai Cornel Traian Dimitriu, Gheorghe Oto Furău, Teodora Camelia Vlădescu, Alina Mihaela Călin, NuŢi Daniela Oprescu
Bilateral synchronous primary ovarian carcinoma, histopathologically identical or different is a rare entity encountered in clinical practice. We present the case of a 38-year-old patient who is admitted with the presence of a massive pelvic abdominal tumor formation of 45÷35÷25 cm occupying the lower pelvic and upper abdominal floor, reaching halfway distance between the umbilicus and sternum and lateral bilaterally in the two abdominal flanks until iliac wing. The mixed transabdominal÷transvaginal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT), establish the diagnosis of bilateral ovarian tumor...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523313/correlation-of-clinical-and-biological-evidence-a-dominant-therapeutic-element-of-succeeding-in-ectopic-pregnancy
#15
Simona Daniela NeamŢu, Damian DiŢescu, Maria ForŢofoiu, Liliana Stanca, Cristian Tigae, Mihaela Niculescu, Cristian Ovidiu NeamŢu, Maria Magdalena Manolea, Mirela Anişoara Siminel, Leontina Eugenia Şurtea, Adela Valeria NeamŢu, Marius Bogdan Novac, Liviu Vasile, Adrian Gluhovschi
Tubal pathology, smoking, pelvic inflammatory disease, miscarriage, medical or surgical abortion, usage of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for women with salpingitis latent injuries, older than 40 years, are risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. The objective of this study concerns the correlation of the clinical and biological evidence for the early diagnosis of the ectopic pregnancy and, as soon as possible, for the estimation for eventual risk of complications that may appear. The transvaginal ultrasound test, minimal increases in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) dynamics and blood counts are investigations of choice in achieving our objective...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523302/the-use-of-ebus-tbna-and-rose-in-the-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer
#16
Mărioara Şimon, Bogdan Pop, Iuliana Lăcrămioara Toma, Aletta Kinga Vallasek, Ioan Şimon
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive method for diagnosing and staging of lung cancer. EBUS-TBNA obtained small specimens. Rapid on-site examination (ROSE) is a rapid, real-time examination method. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of ROSE on adequate specimen sampling, rapid results and high diagnostic rate. We present the experience of the Department of Bronchology, "Leon Daniello" Clinic of Pulmonology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, with EBUS-TBNA as a tool for diagnostic of adenopathies of unknown etiology...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523256/ovarian-volume-in-korean-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-its-related-factors
#17
Young Shin Han, Ah Rha Lee, Hee Kyoung Song, Jeong In Choi, Jang Heub Kim, Mee Ran Kim, Min Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of ovarian volume (OV) to age, height, and weight in Korean young women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ultrasonography (US) and to investigate the relationship between ovarian follicle count and volume on US and serum hormone levels including the levels of the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and gonadotropin. METHODS: A total of 272 Korean nulliparous women aged 15 to 39 years who were newly diagnosed with PCOS at a university hospital were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523061/duel-stage-treatment-for-biliary-cysts-with-cholangitis-during-pregnancy
#18
Baoxing Jia, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522912/recent-upper-gastrointestinal-panendoscopy-increases-the-risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#19
Ming-Jen Tsai, Chin-Li Lu, Ying C Huang, Chung Hsien Liu, Wan-Ting Huang, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen
AIM: To investigate the association between a recent gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and the subsequent risk of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). METHODS: We designed a nested case control study. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 2135 patients with a first diagnosis of PLA were identified from 1998 to 2011. Another 10675 patients without PLA matched by age and sex were selected as reference controls. We identified and compared the possible risk factors for PLA and GI endoscopies performed before the index date (when PLA was diagnosed) between the two cohorts...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522785/infeasibility-of-endoscopic-transmural-drainage-due-to-pancreatic-pseudocyst-wall-calcifications-case-report
#20
Andrzej Krajewski, Gustaw Lech, Marcin Makiewicz, Andrzej Kluciński, Monika Wojtasik, Sławomir Kozieł, Maciej Słodkowski
Postinflammatory pancreatic pseudocysts are one of the most common complications of acute pancreatitis. In most cases, pseudocysts self-absorb in the course of treatment of pancreatitis. In some patients, pancreatic pseudocysts are symptomatic and cause pain, problems with gastrointestinal transit, and other complications. In such cases, drainage or resection should be performed. Among the invasive methods, mini invasive procedures like endoscopic transmural drainage through the wall of the stomach or duodenum play an important role...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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