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body reading

Jason J Ong, Sandra Walker, Andrew Grulich, Jennifer Hoy, Tim Rh Read, Catriona Bradshaw, Marcus Chen, Suzanne M Garland, Richard Hillman, David J Templeton, Jane Hocking, Beng Eu, Bian Kiem Tee, Eric P F Chow, Christopher K Fairley
INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV have a high risk of anal cancer, which is often detected at late stages, when morbidity and mortality are high. The objective of this study was to describe the feasibility and challenges to incorporating regular digital anorectal examination (DARE) into routine HIV care for MSM living with HIV, from the perspective of patients, physicians and the health service. METHODS: In 2014, we recruited 327 MSM living with HIV, aged 35 and above from one major sexual health centre (n = 187), two high HIV caseload general practices (n = 118) and one tertiary hospital (n = 22) in Melbourne, Australia...
December 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Cunguang Lou, Chenyao Pang, Congrui Jing, Shuo Wang, Xufeng He, Xiaoguang Liu, Lei Huang, Feng Lin, Xiuling Liu, Hongrui Wang
The center of plantar pressure (COP) reflects the dynamic balance of subjects to a certain extent. In this study, wearable pressure insoles are designed, body pose measure is detected by the Kinect sensor, and a balance evaluation system is formulated. With the designed games for the interactive actions, the Kinect sensor reads the skeletal poses to judge whether the desired action is performed, and the pressure insoles simultaneously collect the plantar pressure data. The COP displacement and its speed are calculated to determine the body sway and the ability of balance control...
November 30, 2018: Sensors
Marie Bourjade, Florence Gaunet, Anaïs Maugard, Adrien Meguerditchian
Reading the attentional state of an audience is crucial for effective intentional communication. This study investigates how individual learning experience affects subsequent ability to tailor gestural communication to audience visual attention. Olive baboons were atypically trained to request food with gestures by a human standing in profile, while not having access to her face. They were tested immediately after training, and then 1 year later in conditions that varied the human's cues to attention. In immediate testing, these baboons (profile group baboons) gestured towards untrained cues regardless of their relevance for visual communication...
November 30, 2018: Animal Cognition
Hamed A El-Serehy, Hala S Abdallah, Fahad A Al-Misned, Saleh A Al-Farraj, Khaled A Al-Rasheid
Lake Timsah is considered as the biggest water body at Ismailia City with a surface area of 14 km2 . It is a saline shallow water basin lies approximately mid-way between the south city of Suez and the north city of Port Said at 30o 35'46.55"N and 32o 19'30.54″E. Because it receives water with high and low salinities, salinity stratification is producing in the Lake Timsah, with values of 14-40‰ for the surface water and over 40‰ for the bottom water. The temperature of the lake water decreased to below 19 °C in the winter and rose to above 29 °C in the summer; the concentration of dissolved oxygen ranged between 6...
November 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Roberto Carlos Frias-Soler, Lilian Villarín Pildaín, Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt, Jonas Kolibius, Franz Bairlein, Michael Wink
We have sequenced a partial transcriptome of the Northern Wheatear ( Oenanthe oenanthe ), a species with one of the longest migrations on Earth. The transcriptome was constructed de novo using RNA-Seq sequence data from the pooled mRNA of six different tissues: brain, muscle, intestine, liver, adipose tissue and skin. The samples came from nine captive-bred wheatears collected at three different stages of the endogenous autumn migratory period: (1) lean birds prior the onset of migration, (2) during the fattening stage and (3) individuals at their migratory body mass plateau, when they have almost doubled their lean body mass...
2018: PeerJ
Rebecca L Hagedorn, Kathryn Baker, Sara E DeJarnett, Tyler Hendricks, Melissa McGowan, Lauren Joseph, Melissa D Olfert
This pilot study evaluated the impact of the Katalyst curriculum, a fifth-grade experiential learning program, on students' knowledge of a healthy lifestyle's impact on body functions. Katalyst's interactive curriculum spans two days and includes four, 60-min stations on body systems: cardiovascular/endocrine, gastrointestinal, neurological, and respiratory/musculoskeletal. Three schools were recruited, and two schools completed the intervention sessions. Prior to beginning the stations, fifth-grade students completed a 37-item questionnaire to assess knowledge and perceptions...
November 28, 2018: Children
La Toya J Jamieson, Greg S Baxter, Peter J Murray
Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of wildlife detection dog handlers. This may reveal the skills that people should acquire to be successful at, or suitable for, this work. An online questionnaire was distributed to Australian and New Zealand wildlife detection dog handlers...
November 27, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Jeannette M Stein, Nathaniel S Miller
The purpose of the current study was to determine if the relationship between interhemispheric interaction and cognitive flexibility extends to explanations of forgiveness and apology acceptance. A growing body of research indicates that consistency of handedness may be reflective of an individual's degree of interhemispheric interaction and access to processes of the right hemisphere. As such, individual differences in processing that require interhemispheric interaction, such as belief updating, are associated with consistency of handedness...
November 27, 2018: Laterality
Razieh Azari, Marziyeh Khalilizadeh Ganjalikhani, Anahita Amirshoja'i
Background: Patient information leaflet (PIL) which accompanies medicinal products and informs patients about dosage, side effects, etc., is known as a tool which empowers patients to be more involved in making decisions related to their medications and health. In recent years, policy makers have paid much attention to PIL and its lay-friendliness i.e. being clear,explicit, and easy to read and understand. In various countries, PIL is known as a legal genre and must be prepared in understandable language. The present study aimed to situate PIL within its institutional context and investigate the importance is given to the lay-friendliness of PIL in Iran...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Jennie C De Gagne, Sang S Kim, Ellen R Schoen, Hyeyoung K Park
BACKGROUND: Web-based education is one of the leading learning pedagogies in health professions education. Students have access to a multitude of opinions, knowledge, and resources on Web, but communication among students in Web-based courses is complicated. Technology adds a filter that makes it difficult to decipher the emotions behind words or read nonverbal cues. This is a concern because students benefit more from Web-based classes when they have a high perception of social presence...
November 26, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Qiuping Gao, Liangli Yang, Junjun Dai, Guozhen Yuan, Lei Wang, Cen Qian, Baojian Zhu, Chaoliang Liu, Guoqing Wei
Serine protease inhibitors (Serpins) are a broadly distributed superfamily of proteins with a SERPIN domain and participate in several immune responses. In this study, a serpin-28 gene was identified in B. mori and its role in immune regulation was investigated. This gene has an open reading frame of 1065 bp that encodes a 354-amino acid residue polypeptide containing one SERPIN domain with a predicted molecular weight of 40.3 kDa. Recombinant Bmserpin-28 protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and used to raise rabbit anti-Bmserpin-28 polyclonal antibodies...
November 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Angelo Sirico, Laura Sarno, Fulvio Zullo, Pasquale Martinelli, Giuseppe M Maruotti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to evaluate if pregestational diabetes affects fetal heart rate (FHR) readings at 11-14 weeks of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: For each patient, we recorded age, body mass index (BMI), presence of pregestational diabetes, nuchal translucency (NT), FHR, crown-rump length (CRL), biparietal diameter (BPD) and gestational age. Pregnancies were grouped according to the presence or absence of pregestational diabetes and maternal and fetal variables were compared...
November 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Vera M A Zizka, Florian Leese, Bianca Peinert, Matthias F Geiger
Metabarcoding is a powerful, increasingly popular tool for biodiversity assessment, but still suffers from some drawbacks (specimen destruction, separation and size sorting). In the present study, we tested a non-destructive protocol that excludes any sample sorting, where the ethanol used for sample preserving is filtered and DNA is extracted from the filter for subsequent DNA metabarcoding. When tested on macroinvertebrate mock communities, the method was widely successful but was unable to reliably detect mollusc taxa...
November 20, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Helena Cousijn, Amye Kenall, Emma Ganley, Melissa Harrison, David Kernohan, Thomas Lemberger, Fiona Murphy, Patrick Polischuk, Simone Taylor, Maryann Martone, Tim Clark
This article presents a practical roadmap for scholarly publishers to implement data citation in accordance with the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles (JDDCP), a synopsis and harmonization of the recommendations of major science policy bodies. It was developed by the Publishers Early Adopters Expert Group as part of the Data Citation Implementation Pilot (DCIP) project, an initiative of and the NIH BioCADDIE program. The structure of the roadmap presented here follows the "life of a paper" workflow and includes the categories Pre-submission, Submission, Production, and Publication...
November 20, 2018: Scientific Data
Pierre R Bushel, Florian Caiment, Han Wu, Raegan O'Lone, Frank Day, John Calley, Aaron Smith, Jianying Li
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression and have been targeted as indicators of environmental/toxicologic stressors. Using the data from our deep sequencing of miRNAs in an extensive sampling of rat tissues, we developed a database called RATEmiRs for the Rat Atlas of Tissue-specific and Enriched miRNAs to allow users to dynamically determine mature-, iso- and pre-miR expression abundance, enrichment and specificity in rat tissues and organs. RESULTS: Illumina sequencing count data from mapped reads and meta data from the miRNA body atlas consisting of 21 and 23 tissues (14 organs) of toxicologic interest from 12 to 13 week old male and female Sprague Dawley rats respectively, were managed in a relational database with a user-friendly query interface...
November 19, 2018: BMC Genomics
Nicola Falcionelli, Paolo Sernani, Albert Brugués, Dagmawi Neway Mekuria, Davide Calvaresi, Michael Schumacher, Aldo Franco Dragoni, Stefano Bromuri
Personal Health Systems (PHS) are mobile solutions tailored to monitoring patients affected by chronic non communicable diseases. In general, a patient affected by a chronic disease can generate large amounts of events: for example, in Type 1 Diabetic patients generate several glucose events per day, ranging from at least 6 events per day (under normal monitoring) to 288 per day when wearing a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) that samples the blood every 5 minutes for several days. Just by itself, without considering other physiological parameters, it would be impossible for medical doctors to individually and accurately follow every patient, highlighting the need of simple approaches towards querying physiological time series...
November 12, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Matthew J Christmas, Andreas Wallberg, Ignas Bunikis, Anna Olsson, Ola Wallerman, Matthew T Webster
Chromosomal inversions can facilitate local adaptation in the presence of gene flow by suppressing recombination between well-adapted native haplotypes and poorly-adapted migrant haplotypes. East African mountain populations of the honeybee Apis mellifera are highly divergent from neighbouring lowland populations at two extended regions in the genome, despite high similarity in the rest of the genome, suggesting that these genomic regions harbour inversions governing local adaptation. Here we utilize a new highly-contiguous assembly of the honeybee genome to characterize these regions...
November 15, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Sulhattin Arslan, Gürsel Yildiz, Levent Özdemir, Erdal Kaysoydu, Bülent Özdemir
Background/Aims: Many systems including the cardiovascular system (ischemic heart diseases, heart failure, and hypertension) may act as comorbidities that can be seen during the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities affect the severity and prognosis of COPD negatively. Nearly 25% of patients with COPD die due to cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between the blood pressure, inflammation, hypoxia, hypercapnia, and the severity of airway obstruction...
November 16, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Jussi Hepojoki, Satu Hepojoki, Teemu Smura, Leonóra Szirovicza, Eva Dervas, Barbara Prähauser, Lisbeth Nufer, Elisabeth M Schraner, Olli Vapalahti, Anja Kipar, Udo Hetzel
The family Arenaviridae comprises three genera, Mammarenavirus, Reptarenavirus and the most recently added Hartmanivirus. Arenaviruses have a bisegmented genome with ambisense coding strategy. For mammarenaviruses and reptarenaviruses the L segment encodes the Z protein (ZP) and the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and the S segment encodes the glycoprotein precursor and the nucleoprotein. Herein we report the full length genome and characterization of Haartman Institute snake virus-1 (HISV-1), the putative type species of hartmaniviruses...
November 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Mingxia Tian
RATIONALE: Surgically lifting and scraping, mitomycin C, fibrin glue, Nd:YAG laser, hydrogel ocular sealant, and amniotic membrane patch are the reported methods for treating epithelial ingrowth after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Here we report the management of a rare case of recalcitrant epithelial ingrowth using a combined scraping/laser ablation that occurred after LASIK. PATIENT CONCERNS: A female patient underwent uncomplicated bilateral LASIK 10 years before incurring trauma to the right eye...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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