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Pediatrics metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091111/evolution-of-body-mass-index-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Marijke De Keukelaere, Steffen Fieuws, Nele Reynaert, Eva Vandoorne, Kristel Vande Kerckhove, Willeke Asscherickx, Kristina Casteels
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has risen during the last 30 years, not only in children with type 2 diabetes, but also those with type 1 (T1D) and this is linked with an increased cardiovascular risk. A better understanding of weight patterns in the years after diagnosis of T1D is important to identify those children with a risk for excess weight gain and strategies to decrease this. We retrospectively analyzed data of all children with T1D followed at the department of Pediatric Endocrinology Leuven and diagnosed between 1991 and 2015...
August 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090730/prevalence-of-pediatric-metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-risk-factors-among-school-age-children-of-10-16-years-living-in-district-shimla-himachal-pradesh-india
#2
Anmol Gupta, Amit Sachdeva, Narender Mahajan, Aakriti Gupta, Neha Sareen, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Hem Chandra Sati, Brij Sharma, Neetu Sharma, Umesh Kapil
Introduction: Recently, an increasing trend in the prevalence of pediatric metabolic syndrome (PMS) among school-age children has been documented in different parts of India. There is lack of data on the prevalence of PMS and its associated risk factors among school-age children living in district Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. Hence, to fill in the gap in the existing knowledge, the present study was conducted. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted during 2015-2016...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086108/macrocephaly-solving-the-diagnostic-dilemma
#3
Ai Peng Tan, Kshitij Mankad, Fabrício Guimarães Gonçalves, Giacomo Talenti, Egloff Alexia
Macrocephaly is a relatively common clinical condition affecting up to 5% of the pediatric population. It is defined as an abnormally large head with an occipitofrontal circumference greater than 2 standard deviations above the mean for a given age and sex. Megalencephaly refers exclusively to brain overgrowth exceeding twice the standard deviation. Macrocephaly can be isolated and benign or may be the first indication of an underlying congenital, genetic, or acquired disorder, whereas megalencephaly is more often syndromic...
August 2018: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078024/outcome-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-critically-ill-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Tareq Al-Ayed, Naveed Ur Rahman, Abdullah Alturki, Fahad Aljofan
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has become the preferred mode of dialysis to support critically ill children with acute kidney injury. However, there are limited pediatric data on CRRT use, especially in our region. OBJECTIVE: Determine the outcome of CRRT among critically ill children. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included critically ill children 1-14 years of age who underwent CRRT from July 2009 to June 2015...
July 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066477/toxic-metabolic-neurologic-disorders-in-children-a-neuroimaging-review
#5
REVIEW
Marinos Kontzialis, Thierry A G M Huisman
There are multiple causes of neurotoxicity in children including medications, extrinsic toxins and insults, illicit drugs, built up of toxic metabolites due to genetic or acquired disorders, and metabolic abnormalities. The review is centered on causes of neurotoxicity affecting the pediatric brain and producing typical and easily recognized imaging manifestations. Early identification of common and less common imaging findings may point toward the correct direction, and may facilitate early diagnosis and institution of appropriate treatment to reverse or at least limit the injury to the developing brain...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031145/comorbidities-in-alopecia-areata-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Solam Lee, Hanil Lee, Chung Hyeok Lee, Won-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) may be associated with various systemic diseases according to several studies. OBJECTIVE: To identify prevalent and incident diseases in AA patients and quantify their prevalence and odds and hazard ratio compared with those in non-AA controls. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies published before February 28, 2018 was performed using MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases. Observational studies on prevalent or incident diseases in AA patients were included, whereas studies limited to pediatrics or providing only laboratory results or continuous data were excluded...
July 18, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998225/salivary-cortisol-does-not-correlate-with-metabolic-syndrome-markers-or-subjective-stress-in-overweight-children
#7
Robert B Strait, Marcia J Slattery, Aaron L Carrel, Jens Eickhoff, David B Allen
Objective: Being overweight is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome in children, but not all overweight children develop metabolic syndrome. Cortisol excess from chronic psychological stress has been proposed as an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome in this already at-risk population. The present study assesses the relationship of biochemical and body composition radiographic markers of metabolic syndrome to salivary cortisol and self-report of chronic psychological stress in a cohort of overweight children...
2018: Journal of Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971623/association-of-wrist-circumference-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Nazli Namazi, Shirin Djalalinia, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Hamid Asayesh, Morteza Mansourian, Mehdi Noroozi, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association of Wrist Circumference (WrC) with cardio-metabolic risk factors is still contradictory. We aimed to systematically review the association of WrC with cardio-metabolic diseases among the general populations. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases such as PubMed/Medline, Web of Sciences, and Scopus without language restriction until March 2017. Observational studies that examined the association of WrC with any cardio-metabolic risk factors were included...
July 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968453/metabolic-syndrome-severity-and-lifestyle-factors-among-adolescents
#9
Linda X Wang, Matthew J Gurka, Mark D Deboer
The continued rise of pediatric obesity globally has raised concerns for related sequalae. One marker of risk is the metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that is associated with future cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. MetS has at its core visceral adipocytes exhibiting dysfunction as a result of excess fat content. MetS in children and adolescents is linked to unhealthy lifestyle practices such as sedentary lifestyles and excess consumption calories. As such, the optimal means of addressing MetS is targets a decrease in adiposity through lifestyle modification, a decreases in MetS following increases in physical activity and improvements in the quality and content of food intake...
July 2, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915561/abnormal-growth-and-feeding-behavior-in-upper-airway-obstruction-in-rats
#10
REVIEW
Ariel Tarasiuk, Yael Segev
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a syndrome manifesting with snoring and increased respiratory effort due to increased upper airway resistance. In addition to cause the abnormal sleep, this syndrome has been shown to elicit either growth retardation or metabolic syndrome and obesity. Treating OSA by adenotonsillectomy is usually associated with increased risk for obesity, despite near complete restoration of breathing and sleep. However, the underlying mechanism linking upper airways obstruction (AO) to persistent change in food intake, metabolism, and growth remains unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888625/electron-microscopy-can-still-have-a-role-in-the-diagnosis-of-selected-inborn-errors-of-metabolism
#11
Mana Taweevisit, Paul S Thorner
Many anatomic pathology laboratories no longer have electron microscopy facilities. A retrospective review of autopsies was performed to identify cases of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) and determine the contribution of electron microscopy in making the diagnosis in those cases. Over a period of 17 years, there were 900 perinatal and pediatric autopsies. There were 7 cases (1%) of IEM, including 4 cases of Pompe disease, 1 case of I-cell disease, 1 case of bile acid synthesis defect, and 1 case of mitochondrial disease (Leigh syndrome)...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886602/-consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-turner-syndrome-in-children
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860977/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#13
Claudia Della Corte, Salvatore Iasevoli, Andrea Dello Strologo, Mariateresa Sanseviero, Valerio Nobili
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Industrialized Countries in adults and children. It is estimated that NAFLD will become the main indication for liver transplantation in the next decade. NAFLD is also considered the hepatic feature of metabolic syndrome and therefore it is generally associated to the risk of developing some metabolic complications, with negative impact on patient's survival. Today, no pharmacological treatment has been identified for NAFLD, and behavioral approach, based on diet and regular physical exercise, represent the current recommended treatment, even if with disappointing results...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785077/mediterranean-diet-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Caterina Anania, Francesco Massimo Perla, Francesca Olivero, Lucia Pacifico, Claudio Chiesa
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common chronic liver disease, and is characterized by a wide spectrum of fat-liver disorders that can result in severe liver disease and cirrhosis. Inflammation and oxidative stress are the major risk factors involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Currently, there is no consensus concerning the pharmacological treatment of NAFLD. However, lifestyle interventions based on exercise and a balanced diet for quality and quantity, are considered the cornerstone of NAFLD management...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784250/update-on-pediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
A Ruet
Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) has distinctive features compared with adult-onset multiple sclerosis (AOMS), and warrants caution despite being a rare form of MS. POMS diagnostic criteria are somewhat different from those used in AOMS, with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis being a key differential diagnosis of MS in children. Other differential diagnoses that have to be ruled out before diagnosing MS include demyelinating syndromes, autoimmune and systemic pathologies, and infectious, genetic, metabolic and neoplastic diseases...
June 2018: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759068/childhood-retinol-binding-protein-4-rbp4-levels-predicting-the-10-year-risk-of-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome-the-bcams-study
#16
Ge Li, Issy C Esangbedo, Lu Xu, Junling Fu, Lujiao Li, Dan Feng, Lanwen Han, Xinhua Xiao, Mingyao Li, Jie Mi, Ming Li, Shan Gao, Steven M Willi
BACKGROUND: Elevated retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels may contribute to the development of metabolic abnormalities, but prospective studies evaluating the association between childhood RBP4 levels and metabolic syndrome (MS) in adulthood are lacking. We investigated whether RBP4 levels during childhood predict cardiometabolic risk at 10-year follow-up. METHODS: The relationships between RBP4 levels, the established adipokines (leptin and adiponectin) and the components of MS were examined in 3445 school-aged children recruited in 2004 for the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study...
May 14, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752170/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-improves-the-severity-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#17
Shikha S Sundaram, Ann C Halbower, Jelena Klawitter, Zhaoxing Pan, Kristen Robbins, Kelley E Capocelli, Ronald J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of treating obstructive sleep apnea/nocturnal hypoxia on pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity and oxidative stress. STUDY DESIGN: Biopsy proven participants (n = 9) with NAFLD and obstructive sleep apnea/hypoxia were studied before and after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for sleep disordered breathing, including laboratory testing and markers of oxidative stress, urine F(2)-isoprostanes...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750655/metabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescent-girls-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Cíntia Castro-Correia, Rita Santos-Silva, Marta Pinheiro, Carla Costa, Manuel Fontoura
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pediatric metabolic syndrome (MS) has progressively increased. The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has also increased. Thus, some children and adolescents with T1DM exhibit MS parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of MS parameters in female adolescents with T1DM based on their nutritional status. METHODS: We evaluated 44 adolescents with T1DM (consecutive non-randomized sample) aged between 14 and 18 years, who were on intensive therapy with insulin...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710196/long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-onset-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-age-specific-risk-factors-for-lethal-arrhythmic-events
#19
Niccolò Maurizi, Silvia Passantino, Gaia Spaziani, Francesca Girolami, Anna Arretini, Mattia Targetti, Iva Pollini, Alessia Tomberli, Silvia Pradella, Giovanni Battista Calabri, Veronica Vinattieri, Bruno Bertaccini, Ornella Leone, Luciano De Simone, Claudio Rapezzi, Niccolò Marchionni, Franco Cecchi, Silvia Favilli, Iacopo Olivotto
Importance: Predictors of lethal arrhythmic events (LAEs) after a pediatric diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are unresolved. Existing algorithms for risk stratification are limited to patients older than 16 years because of a lack of data on younger individuals. Objective: To describe the long-term outcome of pediatric-onset HCM and identify age-specific arrhythmic risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study assessed patients with pediatric-onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed from 1974 to 2016 in 2 national referral centers for cardiomyopathies in Florence, Italy...
June 1, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705673/ace-apoa5-and-mtp-gene-polymorphisms-analysis-in-relation-to-triglyceride-and-insulin-levels-in-pediatric-patients
#20
Lilia Carranza-González, Rafael B R León-Cachón, María Antonia González-Zavala, Clara Ríos-Ibarra, Jesús Morlett-Chávez, Celia Sánchez-Domínguez, Ana Cepeda-Nieto, Mauricio Salinas-Santander
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a complex, chronic, and multifactorial disease that has become a major, and worldwide, public health problem contributing to an increased number of pathologies, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and metabolic syndrome, thus suggesting a commolon origin. A diet high in sugar and fats coupled with a sedentary lifestyle has a major role in the development of obesity. However, the genetic background has also been associated with body fat accumulation...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
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