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Quantum healing

Shrawan Roy, Wooseon Choi, Sera Jeon, Do-Hwan Kim, Hyun Kim, Seok Joon Yun, Yongjun Lee, Jaekwang Lee, Young-Min Kim, Jeongyong Kim
Chemical treatment using bis(trifluoromethane) sulfonimide (TFSI) was shown to be particularly effective for increasing the photoluminescence (PL) of monolayer (1L) MoS2 , suggesting a convenient method for overcoming the intrinsically low quantum yield of this material. However, the underlying atomic mechanism of the PL enhancement has remained elusive. Here, we report the microscopic origin of the defect healing observed in TFSI-treated 1L-MoS2 through a correlative combination of optical characterization and atomic-scale scanning transmission electron microscopy, which showed that most of the sulfur vacancies were directly repaired by the extrinsic sulfur atoms produced from the dissociation of TFSI, concurrently resulting in a significant PL enhancement...
July 11, 2018: Nano Letters
Vishnu Nair, Anil Kumar, Chandramouli Subramaniam
Photo-responsive, electrically conductive nanostructures are highly desirable for wide-ranging applications in energy harvesting, nanophotonic and optoelectronic devices. To this end, we realize self-assembled, photoconductive hybrids of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) micro- and nano-fibers integrated with MoS2 quantum dots (QDs). We present an innovative strategy to impregnate QDs within the walls of the P3HT fibers resulting in the emergence of the controllable photoconductivity of the QD-P3HT hybrid. The maximum photoconductivity (>80% higher than pristine P3HT) is observed at 360 nm and originates from a synergistic combination of (a) defect healing and quenching of surface trap states in QDs by P3HT and (b) efficient generation and transfer of photo-excited charges from P3HT to QDs...
June 7, 2018: Nanoscale
Theodoros G Chatzimitakos, Athanasia I Kasouni, Anastassios N Troganis, Constantine D Stalikas
A simple yet effective method is employed to prepare multifunctional fluorescent carbon nanodots (CNDs) from human fingernails. The results demonstrate that the CNDs have excellent optical properties and a quantum yield of 81%, which is attributed to the intrinsic composition of the precursor material itself. The CNDs are used to develop an ultrasensitive fluorescent probe for the detection of hexavalent chromium (limit of detection: 0.3 nM) via a combined inner-filter and static mechanism. Moreover, the toxicity of the CNDs over four epithelial cell lines is assessed...
May 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhao-Xiang Fang, Yue Chen, Yu-Xuan Ren, Lei Gong, Rong-De Lu, An-Qi Zhang, Hong-Ze Zhao, Pei Wang
Photons in an optical vortex usually carry orbital angular momentum, which boosts the application of the micro-rotation of absorbing particles and quantum information encoding. Such photons propagate along a straight line in free space or follow a curved trace once guided by an optical fiber. Teleportation of an optical vortex using a beam with non-diffraction and self-healing is quite challenging. We demonstrate the manipulation of the propagation trace of an optical vortex with a symmetric Airy beam (SAB) and found that the SAB experiences self-rotation with the implementation of a topological phase structure of coaxial vortex...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Fernando Ruipérez, Maialen Galdeano, Ekiñe Gimenez, Jon M Matxain
The theoretical self-healing capacity of new sulfenamide-based disulfides is estimated by using theoretical methods of quantum chemistry. Starting from previously studied aromatic disulfides, the influence of inserting a NH group between the disulfide and the phenyl ring (forming the sulfenamide), as well as the role of the phenyl ring in the self-healing process is analyzed. Three parameters are used in the evaluation of the self-healing capacity: i) the probability to generate sulfenyl radicals, which is the first step of the process; ii) the effect of the hydrogen bonding, which affects the mobility of the chains; and iii) the height of the exchange reaction barrier...
March 2018: ChemistryOpen
Jacopo M Fontana, Huijuan Yin, Yun Chen, Ricardo Florez, Hjalmar Brismar, Ying Fu
Colloidal semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been extensively researched and developed for biomedical applications, including drug delivery and biosensing assays. Hence, it is pivotal to understand their behavior in terms of intracellular transport and toxicological effects. In this study, we focused on 3-mercaptopropionic acid-coated CdSe-CdS/ZnS core-multishell quantum dots (3MPA-QDs) converted from the as-grown octadecylamine-coated quantum dots (ODA-QDs) and their direct and dynamic interactions with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sun-Ho Lee, Min-Ju Kim, Kiju Chang, Eun Mi Song, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the role of fecal calprotectin (FC) as a noninvasive marker for the disease activity of ulcerative colitis (UC) in a Korean cohort. METHODS: A total of 181 fecal samples were collected from 181 consecutive UC patients between April 2015 and September 2016. FC levels were measured using the Quantum Blue® Calprotectin rapid test. The laboratory test results, partial Mayo Score (pMS), and colonoscopic imaging findings at FC level measurement were retrospectively reviewed...
October 23, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Carlo Giansante, Ivan Infante
Surface traps are ubiquitous to nanoscopic semiconductor materials. Understanding their atomistic origin and manipulating them chemically have capital importance to design defect-free colloidal quantum dots and make a leap forward in the development of efficient optoelectronic devices. Recent advances in computing power established computational chemistry as a powerful tool to describe accurately complex chemical species and nowadays it became conceivable to model colloidal quantum dots with realistic sizes and shapes...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Jing Chen, Shuya Li, Ye Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiang Zhang, Yangyang Zhao, Yucai Wang, Hong Bi
While reloadable drug delivery platforms are highly prized for the treatment of a broad spectrum of diseases, the gel-gel interface between hydrogels hinders the intergel diffusive transport of drugs and thus limits the application of hydrogels as reloadable depots. Here, this study reports the circumvention of this barrier by employing a self-healing hydrogel prepared from N-carboxyethyl chitosan and sodium alginate dialdehyde, which are cross-linked via a reversible Schiff base linkage. The injectable and bioadhesive hydrogel shows a rapid gelation time of 47 s...
November 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Scott G Harroun, Jui-Yang Lai, Chih-Ching Huang, Shou-Kuan Tsai, Han-Jia Lin
Using polyamines as the initial organic raw material and by applying simple pyrolysis methods, super cationic carbon quantum dots (CQDs) can easily be made. Since polyamines are natural products and the synthesis procedure is green, these polyamine-derived CQDs display low toxicity and high biocompatibility but possess high antibacterial activity. In addition, polyamine-derived CQDs display other unique properties, such as facilitation of wound healing and passage through the tight junction, which make them a very promising bactericide in future clinical applications...
November 10, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
Marco Fraccalvieri, Marco Salomone, Claudia Di Santo, Erind Ruka, Umberto Morozzo, Stefano Bruschi
Chronic wounds are commonly associated with high morbidity rates due to the patient's need of frequent dressing changes and repeated visits to the outpatient wound clinic. Furthermore, chronic wounds are often characterised by severe pain, which can cause significant disability to the patient. New technologies aim to develop an optimal device to reduce discomfort of the patient and to heal wounds. The device Rexon-age® is introduced for the first time in wound healing, and preliminary data on clinical and histological results are shown...
December 2017: International Wound Journal
Elena Formoso, José M Asua, Jon M Matxain, Fernando Ruipérez
In this work, a theoretical protocol based on classical molecular dynamics has been defined, in order to study weak non-covalent interactions in diphenyl disulfide based compounds. This protocol is then used to study the influence of hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking in four selected cases, namely, monosubstituted and amine ortho trisubstituted urea and urethane-based diphenyl disulfides. In all cases, it has been observed that hydrogen bonds are much more relevant than π-π stacking, which has little influence...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yong Liu, Yi Zhao, Hao Luo, Fei Liu, YanMin Wu
Gefitinib/Quantum dots (QDs) loaded peptide long circulating liposomes (G/QDs-P-LCPL) were successfully prepared for treatment and detection by fluorescence labeling for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Gefitinib was found to have marked inhibition which is dose- and time-dependent. Hoechst 33258 florescence staining and wound-healing assay indicated that as G/QDs-P-LCPL concentration increased, HONE1 staining cells decreased, while the amount of nucleus pyknosis and karyorrhexis grew. Florescence tracing result shows that the drug mainly distributed through tumors...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Masaaki Misawa, Emina Ryuo, Kimiko Yoshida, Rajiv K Kalia, Aiichiro Nakano, Norimasa Nishiyama, Fuyuki Shimojo, Priya Vashishta, Fumihiro Wakai
It is extremely difficult to realize two conflicting properties-high hardness and toughness-in one material. Nano-polycrystalline stishovite, recently synthesized from Earth-abundant silica glass, proved to be a super-hard, ultra-tough material, which could provide sustainable supply of high-performance ceramics. Our quantum molecular dynamics simulations show that stishovite amorphizes rapidly on the order of picosecond under tension in front of a crack tip. We find a displacive amorphization mechanism that only involves short-distance collective motions of atoms, thereby facilitating the rapid transformation...
May 2017: Science Advances
Menas C Kafatos, Keun-Hang Yang
The existence of universal principles in both science and medicine implies that one can explore their common applicability. Here we explore what we have learned from quantum mechanics, phenomena such as entanglement and nonlocality, the role of participation of the observer, and how these may apply to oriental medicine. The universal principles of integrated polarity, recursion, and creative interactivity apply to all levels of existence and all human activities, including healing and medicine. This review examines the possibility that what we have learned from quantum mechanics may provide clues to better understand the operational principles of oriental medicine in an integrated way...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine Research
K Brannigan, M Griffin
BACKGROUND: Bone differs from other organs in that it can regenerate and remodel without scar formation. There are instances of trauma, congenital bone disorder, bone disease and bone cancer where this is not possible. Without bone grafts and implants, deformity and disability would result. Human bone grafts are limited in their management of large or non-union fractures. In response, synthetic bone grafts and implants are available to the Orthopaedic Surgeon. Unfortunately these also have their limitations and associated complications...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Meng Xie, Lili Wang, Fang Liu, Dongju Zhang, Jun Gao
Se-N dynamic covalent bond is a new dynamic covalent bond which has applications in the fabrication of stimuli responsive and self-healing functional materials. Although recent advances have been achieved in the experimental aspect, little is known about the formation mechanism of Se-N dynamic covalent bond. Here the structures and nature of Se-N dynamic covalent bond between three kinds of pyridine derivatives R-C5 H4 N, [pyridine (R = H), 4-methylpyridine (R = CH3 ), 4-dimethylamino-pyridine (R = N(CH3 )2 )] and phenylselenyl bromine (PhSeBr) have been analyzed using density functional theory...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Yu-Jia Li, Scott G Harroun, Yu-Chia Su, Chun-Fang Huang, Binesh Unnikrishnan, Han-Jia Lin, Chia-Hua Lin, Chih-Ching Huang
This study reports a two-step method to synthesize spermidine-capped fluorescent carbon quantum dots (Spd-CQDs) and their potential application as an antibacterial agent. Fluorescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are synthesized by pyrolysis of ammonium citrate in the solid state and then modified with spermidine by a simple heating treatment without a coupling agent. Spermidine, a naturally occurring polyamine, binds with DNA, lipids, and proteins involved in many important processes within organisms such as DNA stability, and cell growth, proliferation, and death...
October 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ken-ichi Nomura, Rajiv K Kalia, Ying Li, Aiichiro Nakano, Pankaj Rajak, Chunyang Sheng, Kohei Shimamura, Fuyuki Shimojo, Priya Vashishta
High-temperature oxidation of silicon-carbide nanoparticles (nSiC) underlies a wide range of technologies from high-power electronic switches for efficient electrical grid and thermal protection of space vehicles to self-healing ceramic nanocomposites. Here, multimillion-atom reactive molecular dynamics simulations validated by ab initio quantum molecular dynamics simulations predict unexpected condensation of large graphene flakes during high-temperature oxidation of nSiC. Initial oxidation produces a molten silica shell that acts as an autocatalytic 'nanoreactor' by actively transporting oxygen reactants while protecting the nanocarbon product from harsh oxidizing environment...
April 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Miguel D Bustamante, Sergey Nazarenko
We present a systematic derivation of the Biot-Savart equation from the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, in the limit when the curvature radius of vortex lines and the intervortex distance are much greater than the vortex healing length, or core radius. We derive the Biot-Savart equations in Hamiltonian form with Hamiltonian expressed in terms of vortex lines,H=κ(2)/8π∫(|s-s'|>ξ(*))(ds·ds')/|s-s'|,with cutoff length ξ(*)≈0.3416293/√(ρ(0)), where ρ(0) is the background condensate density far from the vortex lines and κ is the quantum of circulation...
November 2015: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
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