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Osteoarthritis platelet rich plasma

Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Natalie Jieun Pak, Kwang Seung Park, Jeong Ho Jeon, Byeong Chul Jeong, Sang Hee Lee
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common debilitating disorders. Recently, numerous attempts have been made to improve the functions of the knees by using different forms of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In Korea, bone marrow concentrates and cord blood-derived stem cells have been approved by the Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) for cartilage regeneration. In addition, an adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) has been allowed by the KFDA for joint injections in human patients...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Constance R Chu, Scott Rodeo, Nidhi Bhutani, Laurie R Goodrich, Johnny Huard, James Irrgang, Robert F LaPrade, Christian Lattermann, Ying Lu, Bert Mandelbaum, Jeremy Mao, Louis McIntyre, Allan Mishra, George F Muschler, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Hollis Potter, Kurt Spindler, John M Tokish, Rocky Tuan, Kenneth Zaslav, William Maloney
Concern that misinformation from direct-to-consumer marketing of largely unproven "biologic" treatments such as platelet-rich plasma and cell-based therapies may erode the public trust and the responsible investment needed to bring legitimate biological therapies to patients have resulted in calls to action from professional organizations and governing bodies. In response to substantial patient demand for biologic treatment of orthopaedic conditions, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons convened a collaborative symposium and established a consensus framework for improving and accelerating the clinical evaluation, use, and optimization of biologic therapies for musculoskeletal diseases...
October 8, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
A Martínez-Martínez, F Ruiz-Santiago, J García-Espinosa
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a preparation for therapeutic purposes that is increasingly accepted for various musculoskeletal disorders, due to its theoretical potential to repair tissues with poor healing capacity. Several randomised clinical trials have investigated the capacity of PRP to repair tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilage, and to date there is level 1a evidence to support its use for lateral epicondylitis, osteoarthritis of the knee, plantar fasciitis and rotator cuff tendinopathy; and level 1b for patellar tendinopathy and osteoarthritis of the hip...
September 28, 2018: Radiología
Christophe Milants, Olivier Bruyère, Jean-François Kaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BioMed Research International
Peter R Henning, Benjamin J Grear
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Platelet-rich plasma has become an increasingly popular treatment option within the orthopedic community to biologically enhance and stimulate difficult-to-heal musculoskeletal tissues. This review evaluates the recent literature on platelet-rich plasma use in the treatment of foot and ankle pathologies. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature has demonstrated platelet-rich plasma to have a possible benefit in the treatment of Achilles pathology, chronic plantar fasciitis, osteochondral lesions of the talus, ankle osteoarthritis, and diabetic foot ulcers...
September 26, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Yorikazu Akatsu, Takahiro Enomoto, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Masamichi Tahara, Taisuke Fukawa, Jun Endo, Hiroko Hoshi, Yohei Yamamoto, Toshihide Sasaki, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Ryuichiro Akagi, Takahisa Sasho
The objectives of this study are (1) to examine age-dependent longitudinal differences in histological responses after creation of partial-thickness articular cartilage defects (PTCDs) in rats and to use this model (2) to objectively evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for cartilage repair. Linear PTCDs were created at a depth of 100 μm in the weight-bearing region of the medial femoral condyle in rats of different ages (3 weeks, 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks). One day, one week, two weeks, four weeks and twelve weeks after PTCD generation, spontaneous healing was evaluated histologically and immunohistochemically...
September 26, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Isabel Andia, Nicola Maffulli
The positive extensive clinical experience with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in different medical areas has prompted researchers to explore clinical opportunities for optimized PRP therapies. PRP is safe but we have to make it more effective. The growing diversity of formulations and presentations enrich the field of PRP research and offer hope to refine clinical indications. Moving toward targeting the right disease phenotypes with the right PRP formulation or combination product (PRP + cell products) can offer opportunities to change treatment options in osteoarthritis and nonhealing wounds...
September 24, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
Alexander Wasserman, Graeme Matthewson, Peter MacDonald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To consolidate and synthesize the most recent evidence on the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the knee with respect to osteoarthritis, meniscal injuries, ACL reconstruction, total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and high tibial osteotomy. RECENT FINDINGS: PRP has been shown to be more beneficial in the context of knee osteoarthritis compared to both placebo and hyaluronic acid. Direct comparison with corticosteroid injections has been sparsely studied...
September 13, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Paul S Chirichella, Steven Jow, Stephen Iacono, Hannah E Wey, Gerard A Malanga
The meniscal tear treatment paradigm traditionally begins with conservative measures such as physical therapy with referral for operative management for persistent or mechanical symptoms. As a result, the partial meniscectomy is performed more than any other orthopedic procedure in the United States. This treatment paradigm has shifted because the recent literature has supported the attempt to preserve or repair the meniscus whenever possible given its importance for the structural integrity of the knee joint and the risk of early osteoarthritis associated after meniscus excision...
September 7, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Nicolas S Piuzzi, Mitchell Ng, Ariel Kantor, Kenneth Ng, Stephanie Kha, Michael A Mont, George F Muschler
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are often used for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA), despite clinical value and cost-effectiveness not being definitely established. PRP injections are considered as a potential means of reducing pain and improving function in patients with knee OA, in the hope of delaying or avoiding the need for surgical intervention. Centers that offer PRP injections usually charge patients out of pocket and directly market services. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the current (1) prices and (2) marketed clinical efficacy of autologous PRP injections for knee OA...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Wenxing Yu, Peng Xu, Guiling Huang, Lin Liu
Knee osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative disease of the joints caused by articular cartilage injury, degradation of the joint edge and subchondral bone hyperplasia. Various treatments are used to alleviate the symptoms of patients with knee osteoarthritis, including analgesics and intra-articular injections. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous and multifunctional platelet concentrate of the blood, which stimulates the cartilage healing process and improves the damage caused by articular disease...
September 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Fan Yang, Haoran Hu, Wenjing Yin, Guangyi Li, Ting Yuan, Xuetao Xie, Changqing Zhang
Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to be a promising therapeutic agent against osteoarthritis (OA), whereas its chondroprotection mechanism is not fully elucidated. Autophagy is considered an important biological process throughout the development of OA. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to investigate the role of autophagy in the chondroprotection and compare the effects of releasate between L-PRP and P-PRP. Methods: PRP were prepared from rat blood...
2018: BioMed Research International
David Buendía-López, Manuel Medina-Quirós, Miguel Ángel Fernández-Villacañas Marín
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease with a high prevalence in the adult population. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) or intra-articular injections [hyaluronic acid (HA) or platelet-rich plasma (PRP)] can provide clinical benefit. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proven to be useful for the evaluation of cartilage volume and thickness in knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit provided by PRP injection in comparison with hyaluronic acid and NSAID in knee OA patients and to compare the radiographic evolution at the 52-week follow-up...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Eric N Bowman, Michael P McCabe, Kevin B Cleveland
Bovine derived thrombin-collagen combined with autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has shown promise as a topical, surgical hemostatic agent. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of thrombin-collagen-PRP on perioperative blood loss in total hip arthroplasty (THA). A prospective, single-blinded, randomized, controlled study comparing thrombin-collagen-PRP use to standard treatment was performed. All patients undergoing elective primary THA for osteoarthritis by a single physician at a single institution were included...
December 0: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Kade L Paterson, David J Hunter, Ben R Metcalf, Jillian Eyles, Vicky Duong, Jessica Kazsa, Yuanyuan Wang, Rachelle Buchbinder, Flavia Cicuttini, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Shirley P Yu, Bing Hui Wang, David Connell, James Linklater, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes substantial pain, physical dysfunction and impaired quality of life. There is no cure for knee OA, and for some people, the disease may involve progressive symptomatic and structural deterioration over time. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a therapeutic agent that aims to address underlying biological processes responsible for OA pathogenesis. As such, it has the potential to improve both symptoms and joint structure. The aim of this clinical trial is to determine whether a series of injections of PRP into the knee joint will lead to a significantly greater reduction in knee pain, and less loss of medial tibial cartilage volume over 12 months when compared to a series of placebo saline injections in people with knee OA...
July 28, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jessica M Gilbertie, Julie M Long, Alicia G Schubert, Alix K Berglund, Thomas P Schaer, Lauren V Schnabel
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preparations are being used with moderate success to treat osteoarthritis (OA) in humans and in veterinary species. Such preparations are hindered, however, by being autologous in nature and subject to tremendous patient and processing variability. For this reason, there has been increasing interest in the use of platelet lysate preparations instead of traditional PRP. Platelet lysate preparations are acellular, thereby reducing concerns over immunogenicity, and contain high concentrations of growth factors and cytokines...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Christopher Vannabouathong, Mohit Bhandari, Asheesh Bedi, Vickas Khanna, Patrick Yung, Vijay Shetty, Moin Khan
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommending various nonoperative treatments for patients with knee osteoarthritis remain inconsistent. Much of this controversy relates to what constitutes a clinically important effect. The purposes of the present study were to compare treatment effect sizes from recent meta-analyses evaluating pharmacological or medical device interventions for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis and to further assess the clinical impact that the intra-articular placebo effect may have on intra-articular injection therapies...
July 2018: JBJS Reviews
Liam G Glynn, Alaa Mustafa, Monica Casey, Janusz Krawczyk, Jeanete Blom, Rose Galvin, Ailish Hannigan, Colum P Dunne, Andrew W Murphy, Christian Mallen
Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of autologous blood growth factors which has been shown to provide some symptomatic relief in early osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and efficacy potential of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in primary care. Methods: Feasibility study to assess safety of the intervention procedures and assess primary and secondary outcome measures. Consecutive patients presenting with symptomatic knee OA were recruited in a primary care setting in Ireland...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Chad Hulsopple
Injections often are used in the management of common musculoskeletal conditions. Physicians should understand the disease pathophysiology and evidence supporting available injections when determining appropriate therapy. These therapies include corticosteroid injections (CSIs), hyaluronic acid (HA) injections, hypertonic dextrose prolotherapy, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections, and trigger point injections (TPIs). CSIs are recommended conditionally by the American College of Rheumatology for osteoarthritis (OA) management...
July 2018: FP Essentials
Diego Ubilla, Joaquín Ananías, Luis Ortiz-Muñoz, Sebastián Irarrázaval
INTRODUCTION: Despite varied non-surgical alternatives for the treatment of osteoarthritis, many patients remain symptomatic. In the last decade, the use of intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed as an option. However, there is controversy about its clinical benefit and safety. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
June 25, 2018: Medwave
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