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Osteoarthritis platelet rich plasma

Ujala Zubair, Osama Salam, Zarafshan Zubair
Intra-articular injections are a minimally invasive option developed for the management of patients with joint degenerative conditions. These injections can involve the use of steroid preparations, hyaluronic acid, and blood products. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a cost-effective management modality developed for patients with joint degenerative conditions and has provided promising outcomes. It provides nourishment to the chondrocytes through a rich supply of growth factors and cytokines. This article demonstrates the beneficial effects of PRP therapy in patients with osteoarthritis...
September 25, 2018: Curēus
Jose C Alcerro, Carlos J Lavernia
INTRODUCTION: The use of stem cell therapy (SCT) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for knee osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely controversial and at best experimental stage. These treatments are being offered across the nation for "cash-only payments." Our objectives were to determine (1) what proportion of board-certified orthopedic surgeons in Miami-Dade County offer SCT or PRP and (2) how much do practices charge for these services. METHODS: All board-certified orthopedic surgeons' offices in Miami-Dade County were identified by their American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons active membership...
November 28, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Ian A Jones, Ryan Togashi, Melissa L Wilson, Nathanael Heckmann, C Thomas Vangsness
Intra-articular drug delivery has a number of advantages over systemic administration; however, for the past 20 years, intra-articular treatment options for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been limited to analgesics, glucocorticoids, hyaluronic acid (HA) and a small number of unproven alternative therapies. Although HA and glucocorticoids can provide clinically meaningful benefits to an appreciable number of patients, emerging evidence indicates that the apparent effectiveness of these treatments is largely a result of other factors, including the placebo effect...
November 29, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
J A Annaniemi, J Pere, S Giordano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intra-articular injections of viscosupplements have been an option in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Platelet-rich plasma is an experimental treatment in osteoarthritis. Previous studies have shown that platelet-rich plasma reduces osteoarthritis symptoms in similar proportions as viscosupplements. The aim of this study was to compare platelet-rich plasma versus viscosupplements in terms of symptoms' relief and time to arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 190 patients included in this retrospective study received either intra-articular injections of platelet-rich plasma (94 patients) or hyaluronic acid (86 patients) between January 2014 and October 2017...
November 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Taylor M Southworth, Neal B Naveen, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Brian J Cole, Rachel M Frank
Focal chondral defects of the knee are extremely common and often result in pain, dysfunction, joint deterioration, and, ultimately, the development of osteoarthritis. Due to the limitations of conventional treatments for focal chondral defects of the knee, orthobiologics have recently become an area of interest. Orthobiologics used for cartilage defects include (but are not limited to) bone marrow aspirate concentrate, adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, platelet-rich plasma, and micronized allogeneic cartilage...
January 2019: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Bahar Dernek, Fatma Nur Kesiktas
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease most often occurring in knee joints, leading to pain of varying severity and deterioration in daily living activities. OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy of platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) versus PRP in combination with ozone gas injection in patients with early stage knee OA. METHODS: Retrospective data of patients who received PRP alone (n= 45) or combined treatment (PRP + ozone, n= 35) injection was analyzed...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Pei-Yu Chung, Meng-Ting Lin, Hsien-Po Chang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection after arthrocentesis or arthroscopy in patients with temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library) were searched for reports up to July 30, 2018. We included all published or unpublished randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The primary outcome was pain reduction, and the secondary outcome was the improvement of maximal mouth opening...
September 26, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Chih-Hao Chiu, Rei Higashikawa, Wen-Ling Yeh, Kin Fong Lei, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen
The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has become an attractive topic for soft tissue healing therapy recently. While some clinical reports revealed the effective treatments for knee osteoarthritis, lateral epicondylitis, and rotator cuff tears, other case studies showed that there was no statistically significant healing improvement. The efficacy of the PRP therapy is still unclear clinically. Thus, a significant amount of basic studies should be conducted to optimize the preparation procedure and the platelet concentration of the PRP...
September 7, 2018: Micromachines
Taylor M Southworth, Neal B Naveen, Tracy M Tauro, Natalie L Leong, Brian J Cole
With average life expectancy and the rising prevalence of obesity, osteoarthritis (OA) is creating an increasingly large financial and physical burden on the U.S. population today. As the body ages and experiences trauma, articular cartilage surfaces in joints are gradually worn away, leading to OA. Traditionally, treatment options have included lifestyle modifications, pain management, and corticosteroid injections, with joint replacement reserved for those who have exhausted nonsurgical measures. More recently, hyaluronic acid, micronized dehydrated human amniotic/chorionic membrane tissue, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections have started to gain traction...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Maria De Santis, Berardo Di Matteo, Emanuele Chisari, Gilberto Cincinelli, Peter Angele, Christian Lattermann, Giuseppe Filardo, Nicolò Danilo Vitale, Carlo Selmi, Elizaveta Kon
Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation, subchondral damage, and bone remodelling, affecting most commonly weight-bearing joints, such as the knee and hip. The loss of cartilage leads to joint space narrowing, pain, and loss of function which could ultimately require total joint replacement. The Wnt/ β catenin pathway is involved in the pathophysiology of OA and has been proposed as a therapeutic target. Endogenous and pharmacological inhibitors of this pathway were recently investigated within innovative therapies including the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Yan-Hong Han, He-Tao Huang, Jian-Ke Pan, Jiong-Tong Lin, Ling-Feng Zeng, Gui-Hong Liang, Wei-Yi Yang, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a progressive joint disease involving intraarticular and periarticular structures. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the use of autologous growth factors, such as intraarticular injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), to treat KOA. It is necessary to update the research and reevaluate the efficacy and safety of PRP to provide up-to-date evidence for KOA management. Therefore, we provide a protocol for a systematic review of PRP for KOA...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
B Dallaudiere, A Crombé, A P Gadeau, L Pesquer, A Peuchant, C James, A Silvestre
BACKGROUND: Iodine contrast agents (ICAs) are routinely used by radiologists to help guide intra-articular infiltrations. The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro effects of ICA on platelet function of human autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP). METHODS: One hundred thirty-seven consecutive patients with symptomatic femoral-patellar osteoarthritis were included. All were addressed to our institution for a fluoroscopy-guided intra-articular PRP infiltration of the pathological femoral-patellar joint...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Alice Roffi, Norimasa Nakamura, Mikel Sanchez, Magali Cucchiarini, Giuseppe Filardo
Stem cell-based therapy is a promising approach to treat cartilage lesions and clinical benefits have been reported in a number of studies. However, the efficacy of cell injection procedures may be impaired by cell manipulation and damage as well as by cell dissemination to non-target tissues. To overcome such issues, mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) delivery may be performed using injectable vehicles as containment systems that further provide a favorable cell microenvironment. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the preclinical and clinical literature on platelet-rich plasma (PRP), hyaluronic acid (HA), and hydrogels for the delivery of MSCs...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Şebnem Şahin, Süleyman Ali Tuncel, Kouroush Salimi, Elif Bilgiç, Petek Korkusuz, Feza Korkusuz
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common form of arthritis, which is characterized by progressive degradation of joint cartilage resulting in pain, joint stiffness, deformity and disability that is also recently related to an increased incidence of mortality. Inhibition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) production by chondrocytes and accumulation of catabolic mediators associated with matrix degradation are the cause of OA. Nonsurgical treatments for OA can be characterised as symptom-modifying or disease-modifying approaches...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Adrian D K Le, Lawrence Enweze, Malcolm R DeBaun, Jason L Dragoo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates current clinical literature on the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), including leukocyte-rich PRP (LR-PRP) and leukocyte-poor PRP (LP-PRP), in order to develop evidence-based recommendations for various musculoskeletal indications. RECENT FINDINGS: Abundant high-quality evidence supports the use of LR-PRP injection for lateral epicondylitis and LP-PRP for osteoarthritis of the knee. Moderate high-quality evidence supports the use of LR-PRP injection for patellar tendinopathy and of PRP injection for plantar fasciitis and donor site pain in patellar tendon graft BTB ACL reconstruction...
December 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Corey S Cook, Patrick A Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to update the reader on the current applications of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This review will focus on PRP's effect on the osteoarthritic joint, how PRP compares to traditional treatments of KOA, and provide clinical feedback on the use of PRP in an orthopedic and sports medicine practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research into the applications of PRP for KOA has further indicated both the efficacy and safety of PRP treatment...
December 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Michael-Alexander Malahias, Leonidas Roumeliotis, Vasileios S Nikolaou, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Ioannis Sourlas, Georgios C Babis
Various systematic reviews have recently shown that intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (IA-PRP) can lead to symptomatic relief of knee osteoarthritis for up to 12 months. There exist limited data on its use in small joints, such as the trapeziometacarpal joint (TMJ) or carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) of the thumb. A prospective, randomized, blind, controlled, clinical trial of 33 patients with clinical and radiographic osteoarthritis of the TMJ (grades: I-III according to the Eaton and Littler classification) was conducted...
October 20, 2018: Cartilage
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Natalie Jieun Pak, Kwang Seung Park, Jeong Ho Jeon, Byeong Chul Jeong, Sang Hee Lee
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common debilitating disorders. Recently, numerous attempts have been made to improve the functions of the knees by using different forms of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In Korea, bone marrow concentrates and cord blood-derived stem cells have been approved by the Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) for cartilage regeneration. In addition, an adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) has been allowed by the KFDA for joint injections in human patients...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Constance R Chu, Scott Rodeo, Nidhi Bhutani, Laurie R Goodrich, Johnny Huard, James Irrgang, Robert F LaPrade, Christian Lattermann, Ying Lu, Bert Mandelbaum, Jeremy Mao, Louis McIntyre, Allan Mishra, George F Muschler, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Hollis Potter, Kurt Spindler, John M Tokish, Rocky Tuan, Kenneth Zaslav, William Maloney
Concern that misinformation from direct-to-consumer marketing of largely unproven "biologic" treatments such as platelet-rich plasma and cell-based therapies may erode the public trust and the responsible investment needed to bring legitimate biological therapies to patients have resulted in calls to action from professional organizations and governing bodies. In response to substantial patient demand for biologic treatment of orthopaedic conditions, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons convened a collaborative symposium and established a consensus framework for improving and accelerating the clinical evaluation, use, and optimization of biologic therapies for musculoskeletal diseases...
October 8, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
A Martínez-Martínez, F Ruiz-Santiago, J García-Espinosa
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a preparation for therapeutic purposes that is increasingly accepted for various musculoskeletal disorders, due to its theoretical potential to repair tissues with poor healing capacity. Several randomised clinical trials have investigated the capacity of PRP to repair tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilage, and to date there is level 1a evidence to support its use for lateral epicondylitis, osteoarthritis of the knee, plantar fasciitis and rotator cuff tendinopathy; and level 1b for patellar tendinopathy and osteoarthritis of the hip...
September 28, 2018: Radiología
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