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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099962/prophylactic-and-therapeutic-effects-of-twice-daily-famciclovir-administration-on-infectious-upper-respiratory-disease-in-shelter-housed-cats
#1
Ann E Cooper, Sara M Thomasy, Tracy L Drazenovich, Philip H Kass, Sanskruti S Potnis, Christian M Leutenegger, David J Maggs
Objectives In humans with herpetic disease, early or pre-emptive famciclovir therapy reduces disease duration and severity. This prospective, masked, placebo-controlled study tested therapeutic and prophylactic effects of two famciclovir doses given to cats for 7 days following shelter entry. Methods Cats were assigned to prophylactic or therapeutic study arms based on clinical evidence of herpetic disease at study entry. Cats in the therapeutic arm received no treatment (n = 19), placebo (lactulose; n = 18) or famciclovir at ~30 (n = 21) or ~90 mg/kg (n = 20) orally q12h for 7 days...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075555/retinitis-associated-with-double-infection-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-varicella-zoster-virus-a-case-report
#2
Tomohito Sato, Riki Kitamura, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Masaru Takeuchi
RATIONALE: Chronic uveitis with immunosuppressive agents could develop chronic herpetic retinitis with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) or herpes simplex virus (HSV). Ocular Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection develops uveitis and vitritis, but the clinical feature of EBV retinitis is not typical as a viral retinitis. EBV retinitis is rare, and only a few cases of EBV retinitis have been reported. Herein, we describe a case of retinitis with EBV and VZV which were the primary viruses verified by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066214/the-prescription-of-lidocaine-patches-in-osteoarthritis-a-complete-audit-cycle
#3
Rosie Mc Colgan, David M Dalton, Hugh P O'Sullivan, James A Sproule
OBJECTIVES: Nationally, 5% of the population have been prescribed topical lidocaine patches (TLPs). These patches cost €77-230 per month. The only licensed indication for TLP is post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). It has not proven to be effective for any other indication including musculoskeletal and post-surgical pain. It is estimated that only 5-10% of patients on TLP have PHN. The aim of this study was to audit the number of inpatients currently prescribed TLP-appropriately and inappropriately-and to examine the prescribing patterns...
July 31, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064602/subcutaneous-granuloma-annulare
#4
Tatiana Ţăranu, Mirela Grigorovici, Magda Constantin, Mihaela Paula Toader
Dear Editor, Subcutaneous granuloma annulare (SGA) is considered a rare clinical variant of granuloma annulare, a common self-healing chronic inflammatory disorder that may appear in childhood as well as in adult age (1-3). A 29-year-old female patient reported the onset of several small subcutaneous nodules on the dorsal aspect of the second interphalangeal joint of the left medius finger and the left elbow, accompanied by vague joint pain, had occurred 13 years ago. Specific markers for rheumatoid arthritis were negative, leading to a diagnosis of sero-negative rheumatoid arthritis, for which treatment with methotrexate was initiated...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063156/oral-health-problems-in-leukaemic-paediatric-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-retrospective-study
#5
E Alnuaimi, M Al Halabi, A Khamis, M Kowash
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of oral health problems in leukaemic paediatric patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and correlate it to the phase of chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 120 paediatric leukaemic patients (age below 15 years) in the UAE were reviewed for the occurrence of oral health problems. Records from the three main hospitals that provide cancer therapy were accessed after obtaining the required permissions...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057764/lidocaine-5-medicated-plaster-versatis-for-localised-neuropathic-pain-results-of-a-multicentre-evaluation-of-use-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
John M Goddard, Rebecca L Reaney
The Lidocaine 5% plaster is licensed for the symptomatic relief of neuropathic pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia in adult patients over 18 years of age. Studies in adults also demonstrate efficacy of Lidocaine 5% plasters in other neuropathic pain conditions. Case reports and experience suggested efficacy of Lidocaine 5% plasters in children and adolescents with localised neuropathic pain. Initiated by the Pain in Children Special Interest Group (PICSIG) of the British Pain Society, a 3-year prospective multicentre service evaluation was undertaken to document the usage and efficacy of the Lidocaine 5% plaster in paediatric patients being managed by paediatric pain teams in the United Kingdom...
August 2018: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043824/measuring-herpes-zoster-disease-burden-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-clinico-epidemiological-single-center-study
#7
João Toniolo-Neto, Eliofotisti Psaradellis, Angela Karellis, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Talita Y Rockett, John S Sampalis, Kelly D Johnson, Homero A Monsanto, Camilo J Acosta
OBJECTIVES: Herpes zoster is characterized by acute neuritis and post-herpetic neuralgia. Currently, data concerning the zoster-associated impact on quality of life and healthcare resource utilization in Brazil are scarce. This study measured the zoster-associated burden in a Brazilian population. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, single-cohort study conducted in a primary hospital's emergency room in São Paulo, Brazil. Patients enrolled at various timepoints during a zoster episode were followed over 180 days...
July 19, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033643/8-capsaicin-a-hot-medicine-for-neuropathic-itch
#8
G Yosipovitch
Topical capsaicin, the active pungent ingredient in hot chili peppers selectively activates the Transient receptor potential (TRPV1) receptors expressed in many cell types including keratinocytes and nociceptive C-nerve fibers. Repeated applications of OTC capsaicin of 0.025-0.1% results in prolonged, reversible defunctionalization of the nocicpetive C-fibers1 . A single 30-60 min application of a more potent 8% capsaicin patch is approved for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain in adults and post herpetic neuralgia (PHN)...
July 22, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028651/development-of-adjuvanted-recombinant-zoster-vaccine-and-its-implications-for-shingles-prevention
#9
Nicolas Lecrenier, Pierre Beukelaers, Romulo Colindres, Desmond Curran, Carine De Kesel, Jean-Philippe De Saegher, Arnaud M Didierlaurent, Edouard Y Ledent, Johann F Mols, Tomas Mrkvan, Marie Normand-Bayle, Lidia Oostvogels, Fernanda Tavares Da Silva, Ventzislav Vassilev, Carlota Vinals, Alain Brecx
GSK has developed a two-dose adjuvanted recombinant zoster vaccine (Shingrix, RZV) to protect people aged ≥50 years (50+) against herpes zoster (HZ) and its complications. RZV showed >90% efficacy against HZ, sustained over 4 years of follow-up, in all studied age groups. Areas covered: This article reviews the scientific rationale underlying the design of RZV; the clinical evidence demonstrating immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy in persons 50+; and the public health implications and cost-effectiveness...
July 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025136/pedf-reduces-the-severity-of-herpetic-simplex-keratitis-in-mice
#10
Xiao Tian, Tongsong Wang, Songmei Zhang, Qian Wang, Xiaoli Hu, Cheng Ge, Lixin Xie, Qingjun Zhou
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) and PEDF-derived peptides Mer44 and Mer34 on the severity of herpetic simplex keratitis (HSK) in mice. Methods: Adult C57BL/6 mice were infected ocularly with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1, McKrae strain) and injected subconjunctivally with PEDF, Mer44, or Mer34. Corneal nerve degeneration, neovascularization, sensitivity, neutrophils, macrophages and CD4+ T-cell infiltration, virus contents, and expressions of VEGF, PEDF, and proinflammatory factors were evaluated during acute period...
June 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024827/a-post-hoc-analysis-utilizing-the-fda-toxicity-grading-scale-to-assess-injection-site-adverse-events-following-immunization-with-the-live-attenuated-zoster-vaccine-zvl
#11
Zoran Popmihajlov, Lei Pang, Elizabeth Brown, Amita Joshi, Shu-Chih Su, Susan S Kaplan, English D Willis
BACKGROUND: ZOSTAVAX (ZVL; Zoster Virus Live), is a single dose, live, attenuated vaccine licensed for the prevention of herpes zoster (HZ) and post herpetic neuralgia (PHN) in adults ≥ 50 years of age. Injection site adverse events (AEs) of erythema, swelling and pain were solicited within 5 days post vaccination in the 2 pivotal studies of ZVL; ZEST (ZOSTAVAX Efficacy and Safety Trial) and SPS (Shingles Prevention Study). Protocol specified criteria were used to report the frequency and intensity of injection site AEs in ZEST and SPS studies...
July 19, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998221/an-imaging-based-treatment-algorithm-for-posterior-focal-retinitis
#12
Rohan Chawla, Koushik Tripathy, Shreyas Temkar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Atul Kumar
Background: In this paper, our aim was to describe an imaging-based empirical approach for categorizing and initiating treatment of immunocompetent patients with posterior focal retinitis, prior to the availability of results of expensive laboratory investigations. Materials and methods: The hospital records of 13 patients with posterior focal retinitis were reviewed. Results: Of the 13 patients, 9 were women and 4 were men. The mean age was 24 ± 8 years...
January 2018: Therapeutic advances in ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988739/neurotrophic-keratitis-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Piera Versura, Giuseppe Giannaccare, Marco Pellegrini, Stefano Sebastiani, Emilio C Campos
Neurotrophic keratitis (NK) is a degenerative corneal disease caused by damage of trigeminal corneal innervation, which leads to spontaneous epithelial breakdown and corneal ulceration. The impairment of corneal sensory innervation causes the reduction of both protective reflexes and trophic neuromodulators that are essential for the vitality, metabolism, and wound healing of ocular surface tissues. A wide range of ocular and systemic conditions, including herpetic keratitis, ocular chemical burns, corneal surgery, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and neurosurgical procedures, can cause NK by damaging trigeminal innervation...
2018: Eye and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958739/potential-cost-effectiveness-of-adjuvanted-herpes-zoster-subunit-vaccine-for-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#14
Joyce H S You, Wai-Kit Ming, Chak-Fei Lee, Owen Tak-Yin Tsang, Paul Kay-Sheung Chan
BACKGROUND: Adjuvanted herpes zoster (HZ) subunit vaccine is recommended for adults aged ≥50 years. This study aimed to investigate cost-effectiveness of HZ subunit vaccine for older adults at different age in Hong Kong. METHODS: A life-long Markov model was designed to simulate outcomes of four alternatives: Vaccination at model entry (age 50 years); deferring vaccination to 60 years; deferring vaccination to 70 years; and no vaccination. Outcome measures included direct cost, indirect cost, HZ and post-herpetic neuralgia incidences, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) loss, and incremental cost per QALY saved (ICER)...
July 25, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942189/herpetic-ocular-manifestations-in-a-patient-with-gata2-deficiency
#15
Ana I Ortueta-Olartecoechea, José L Torres-Peña, Ana I Palacios-Hípola, Enrique Mencia-Gutierrez
Specific genetic deficiencies are a rare cause that should be included in the diagnostic algorithm of disseminated herpetic lesions. The aim of this article is to describe the ocular herpetic manifestations in a rare genetic disorder called GATA2 deficiency. We present the clinical case of a 26-year-old male with dendritic ulcers in his cornea, marrow aplasia and idiopathic chronic lymphedema. He was diagnosed with GATA2 deficiency. GATA2 gene is critical for the genesis and function of hematopoietic stem cells...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928710/a-case-of-cerebellar-ataxia-associated-with-vzv-infection
#16
Hirofumi Matsuyama, Takekazu Ohi
The varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a neurotropic virus that becomes latent in the sensory ganglia, but later causes various neurologic complications such as meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis, meningoencephalitis, cranial neuropathy, and peripheral neuropathy [1]. While acute cerebellitis is one of the most frequent acute cerebellar diseases associated with VZV in childhood, VZV rarely causes cerebellitis in adults, with or without skin manifestations, and only a few isolated cases of adult VZV cerebellitis have been reported...
June 2018: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915766/comparing-the-effects-of-shallomin-lotion-and-cryotherapy-on-treating-plane-warts
#17
Reza Yaaghubi, Mohammad Hassan Pipelzade, Mansur Amin, Mohammad Ali Shakeri Hosseinabad
Background: Wart is a common transferable skin disease that is caused by human papilloma virus. Choosing the best treatment method can vary based on age, therapeutic goal, complications, and wart place. Due to antibacterial effect of shallomin (hirtifolium Boiss extract) and since its effect has not been studied yet, it was compared to cryotherapy therapeutic methods for treating patients with plane warts. Methods: The present study was a randomized clinical trial that was carried out on 40 patients...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913923/national-guidelines-for-evaluating-pain-patients-legal-right-to-prioritised-health-care-at-multidisciplinary-pain-clinics-in-norway-implemented-2009
#18
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Borchgrevink
Background All nations are posed with the challenge of deciding how to allocate limited health care resources. A Patients' Rights Law from 1999 gives patients in Norway with a serious health condition, for which there is efficacious and cost-effective treatment, a legal right to receive health care from the National Health Care system. Methods Recently national guidelines have been produced for implementing these legal rights within 32 fields of specialist health care. One of these fields deals with serious chronic pain conditions...
January 1, 2010: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904802/an-update-on-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-co-morbid-pain-and-depressive-symptoms
#19
REVIEW
Jonathan H Hsu, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Daniel M Blumberger
PURPOSE: Review recent meta-analyses and clinical trials investigating the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for concurrent pain and depressive symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent meta-analyses have included both pain and depression outcomes in fibromyalgia and chronic pain. Randomized controlled trials have also been conducted in post-herpetic neuralgia, trauma-related headache, and neuropathic pain with attention to both pain and depressive symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903589/-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-to-treat-infectious-keratitis
#20
REVIEW
R Atia, L Jouve, J Knoeri, C Georgeon, L Laroche, V Borderie, N Bouheraoua
Infectious keratitis are a frequent cause of ocular morbidity. Today, new treatments are necessary to combat the emergence of antibiotic resistant germs. Corneal collagen cross-linking has been suggested to treat corneal infectious (PACK-CXL). Its action would be both antimicrobial and protective for the cornea, increasing its biochemical resistence to proteolytic enzymes. In vivo, PACK-CXL might demonstrate good efficacy against bacterial keratitis, contrary to herpetic keratitis for which it is contraindicated...
June 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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