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conducting wound dressing

Lorenzo Tavelli, Farah Asa'ad, Raffaele Acunzo, Giorgio Pagni, Dario Consonni, Giulio Rasperini
This clinical study was conducted to evaluate the impact of different hemostatic treatments following palatal gingival harvesting on patient discomfort. Fifty patients who needed a mucogingival surgery requiring gingival graft harvesting were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of five groups: (1) a control group in which only sutures were applied; (2) a cyanoacrylate group; (3) a periodontal dressing material group; (4) a hemostatic gelatin sponge group; and (5) a group in which the gelatin sponge and cyanoacrylate were combined...
November 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Travis L Perry, Lindsay M Kranker, Erin E Mobley, Eileen E Curry, R Michael Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Fournier's gangrene (FG) remains a forbidding necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) that necessitates early recognition, prompt surgical excision, and goal-directed antibiotic therapy. Traditionally, surgical management has included wide radical excision for sepsis control, but this management often leaves large, morbid wounds that require complex wound coverage, prolonged hospitalizations, and/or delayed healing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series is to report the outcomes of FG using a surrogate approach of concurrent debridement of spared skin and soft tissue, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), and serial delayed primary closure (DPC)...
October 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Leo M Nherera, Paul Trueman, Michael Schmoeckel, Francis A Fatoye
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in using negative pressure wound therapy in closed surgical incision to prevent wound complications which continue to persist following surgery despite advances in infection measures. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of single use negative pressure wound therapy (sNPWT) compared to standard of care in patients following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) procedure to reduce surgical site complications (SSC) defined as dehiscence and sternotomy infections...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Shaheel Mohammad Sahebally, Kevin McKevitt, Ian Stephens, Fidelma Fitzpatrick, Joseph Deasy, John Patrick Burke, Deborah McNamara
Importance: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common after laparotomy wounds and are associated with a significant economic burden. The use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has recently been broadened to closed surgical incisions. Objective: To evaluate the association of prophylactic NPWT with SSI rates in closed laparotomy incisions performed for general and colorectal surgery in elective and emergency settings. Data Sources: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases were searched without language restrictions for relevant articles from inception until December 2017...
September 26, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Surabhi Singh, Amlan Gupta, Bhuvanesh Gupta
Scar preventive dextran based bionanocomposite dressings containing aloe vera (AV) and manuka honey (MH) were developed as wound care devices. This work was a challenge to fabricate herbal dressing that promotes healing, which at the same time is biocompatible, non-toxic, biodegradable, and cost effective in terms of the simplicity of application in complex chronic wound situations. With this aim, we synthesized in-situ crosslinked dextran/nanosoy/glycerol/chitosan (DNG/Ch) nanocomposite membranes via solvent casting technique followed by subsequent addition of AV and MH to obtain DNG/Ch/AV and DNG/Ch/MH herbal dressings...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
William Tettelbach, Shawn Cazzell, Felix Sigal, Joseph M Caporusso, Patrick S Agnew, Jason Hanft, Cyaandi Dove
The aim of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness of dehydrated human umbilical cord allograft (EpiCord) compared with alginate wound dressings for the treatment of chronic, non-healing diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). A multicentre, randomised, controlled, clinical trial was conducted at 11 centres in the United States. Individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes presenting with a 1 to 15 cm2 ulcer located below the ankle that had been persisting for at least 30 days were eligible for the 14-day study run-in phase...
September 24, 2018: International Wound Journal
H Pandey, D S Thakur, U Somashekar, R Kothari, P Agarwal, D Sharma
PURPOSE: Synthetic non-absorbable meshes are routinely used in hernia surgery for clean cases but are avoided in the case of clean-contaminated or contaminated hernia or dirty cases to minimize the risk of infection. The present study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of polypropylene mesh in the settings of bowel resection performed for strangulated hernias of the abdominal wall. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Surgery of a teaching hospital in central India between 1st March 2015 and 31st Aug 2017...
August 25, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Devinder Singh
BACKGROUND: Complex ventral hernia repairs (VHRs) are often complicated by surgical-site occurrences such as infection, seroma, hematoma, dehiscence, necrosis, as well as hernia recurrence and mesh contamination. A review of current literature was conducted to determine whether the application of negative pressure therapy to closed incisions post abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR)/VHR reduces the risk of postoperative wound complications and hernia recurrence. METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE databases were searched for studies published through January 2018...
September 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
William Tettelbach, Shawn Cazzell, Alexander M Reyzelman, Felix Sigal, Joseph M Caporusso, Patrick S Agnew
A randomised, controlled multicentre clinical trial was conducted at 14 wound care centres in the United States to confirm the efficacy of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft (dHACM) for the treatment of chronic lower extremity ulcers in persons with diabetes. Patients with a lower extremity ulcer of at least 4 weeks duration were entered into a 2-week study run-in phase and treated with alginate wound dressings and appropriate offloading. Those with less than or equal to 25% wound closure after run-in were randomly assigned to receive weekly dHACM application in addition to offloading or standard of care with alginate wound dressings, for 12 weeks...
August 22, 2018: International Wound Journal
Y Q Wang, X G Liu, L Jiang, F Wei, M Yu, F L Wu, L Dang, H Zhou, Z J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment strategy for subcutaneous fistula secondary to cerebrospinal fluid leakage (CSFL) in thoracic spinal stenosis (TSS) cases. METHODS: In the study, 186 CSFL cases diagnosed with TSS and operated in general spine group of Department of Orthopedics, Peking University Third Hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed, of which eleven had subcutaneous fistula secondary to CSFL and were regularly followed up...
August 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
A Sogorski, M Lehnhardt, O Goertz, K Harati, N Kapalschinski, T Hirsch, A Daigeler, J Kolbenschlag
BACKGROUND: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) is widely used across different kinds of surgical disciplines. A controversial debate was raised by diverging results from studies that were conducted to examine the impact of NPWT on local perfusion. Thus, there is a lack of evidence for one important underlying factors that influences the physiology of wound healing under an applied NPWT-dressing. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate local perfusion changes due to an applied intermittent NPWT protocol...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
Ying-Sheng Lin, Pei-San Ting, Kuei-Chang Hsu
BACKGROUND: Silicone sheet is commonly used for scar management but hard to apply to irregular surfaces or mobile areas, and difficult to conceal. On the contrary, silicone gel is easy to apply and nearly unnoticeable. Therefore, we conducted this study to compare their effectiveness. METHODS: Patients undergoing horizontal cesarean section were included. Surgical wounds were divided into 2 halves. Patients randomly applied silicone sheets and silicone gel on either side of their wounds for 3 months...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Masoumeh Nouri, Marzieh Ebrahimi, Tooran Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Fatemi, Arash Najafbeygi, Shirin Araghi, Maryam Molaee
Objective: To compare the healing effects of dried and acellular human amniotic membrane and Mepitel for coverage of split-thickness graft donor site (STGDS). Methods: Twenty patients who underwent STGDS regeneration surgery in identical anatomic regions were enrolled in this randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in Hazrate Fatemeh hospital (Iran). Patients were randomly assigned in 3 groups of wound dressing; group A by Mepitel, group B AmiCare (Dried amniotic membrane) and group C OcuReg-A (Acellular amniotic membrane)...
July 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Ela J Hyland, Rachel D'Cruz, Seema Menon, John G Harvey, Erik La Hei, Torey Lawrence, Kelly Waddell, Mitchell Nash, Andrew Ja Holland
OBJECTIVES: The management of pediatric mid-dermal burns is challenging. Anecdotal evidence suggests Biobrane™ (UDL Laboratories, Inc., Sugar Land, TX) may expedite epithelization, reducing the requirement for skin grafting. Our standard management for burns of this depth is Acticoat™ (Smith and Nephew, St. Petersburg, Fl, USA). No publications are known to compare Biobrane™ to Acticoat™ for treatment of mid-dermal burns. METHODS: A prospective, randomised controlled pilot study was conducted, comparing Biobrane™ to Acticoat™ for mid-dermal burns affecting ≥ 1% Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) in children...
2018: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
Omolola Esther Fayemi, Anthony Chinonso Ekennia, Lebokang Katata-Seru, Azubuike Peter Ebokaiwe, Omamuyovwi Meashack Ijomone, Damian Chinedu Onwudiwe, Eno E Ebenso
A simple and cost-effective material composed of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers containing different concentrations of moringa (MR) leaf extracts was fabricated for antimicrobial properties and wound dressing. The fabricated materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, and Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy. The antibacterial sensitivity of the developed polyacrylonitrile-moringa extract nanofibers was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by the agar diffusion method...
May 31, 2018: ACS Omega
Pippa Kenworthy, Michael Phillips, Tiffany L Grisbrook, William Gibson, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Background: Major burns are life threatening. Fluid resuscitation is required for survival to maintain intravascular volumes and prevent hypovolemic shock. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been recognised as a potential method of monitoring fluid shifts after burn and in other disease states. The aims of this study were to examine the reliability of BIS across different dressing conditions and electrode positions, establish the influence of Acticoat™ on BIS variable measures and determine the validity of whole-body BIS to assess net fluid shift in the presence of moderate to major burns...
2018: Burns and trauma
Anne Purcell, Thomas Buckley, Jennie King, Wendy Moyle, Andrea P Marshall
Background: The physical, occupational, social and psychological impact of chronic leg ulcers (CLUs) on an individual is considerable. Wound-related pain (WRP), the most common symptom, is frequently reported as moderate to severe and mostly occurs at dressing change. WRP pain may not be alleviated by oral analgesics alone. Persistent poorly controlled leg ulcer pain can negatively impact wound healing and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods: A pilot, parallel group, non-blinded, randomised controlled trial was conducted in six procedure clinics located in a public community nursing service in New South Wales, Australia to evaluate eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA®) on painful CLUs when used as a primary dressing...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Bernard Atinyagrika Adugbire, Lydia Aziato
Background: The purpose of the study was to explore surgical patients' experiences of discharge planning and home care in the Northern part of Ghana. Methods: The study was conducted at a referral hospital located at the Northern part of Ghana. A qualitative explorative descriptive design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit participants. Data was saturated with 15 participants aged between 23 and 65 years. All the interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim...
2018: BMC Nursing
Nicoletta Frescos
Pain associated with chronic wounds can delay wound healing, affects quality of life, and has a major impact on physical, emotional, and cognitive function. However, wound-related pain is often under-assessed and may therefore be suboptimally managed. The aim of this study was to describe the assessment practices used to assess chronic wound pain by health practitioners in Australia. A structured self-administered questionnaire was posted to members of an Australian national wound care organisation, whose membership represents various health practitioners involved in wound management...
July 12, 2018: International Wound Journal
Kristina A Wihbey, Ellen M Joyce, Zachary T Spalding, Hayley J Jones, Todd A MacKenzie, Rebecca H Evans, June L Fung, Marlene B Goldman, Elisabeth Erekson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of superficial surgical site infections in obese women using prophylactic negative pressure therapy with standard dressings after cesarean delivery. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled, nonblinded, two-center study of prophylactic negative pressure therapy compared with standard surgical dressings placed at the time of primary closure at cesarean delivery in obese women with body mass indexes (BMI) of 35 or higher (ie, class II and III obesity)...
August 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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