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Music AND Cognition

Jennifer Zuk, Meaghan V Perdue, Bryce Becker, Xi Yu, Michelle Chang, Nora Maria Raschle, Nadine Gaab
Phonological processing has been postulated as a core area of deficit among children with dyslexia. Reduced brain activation during phonological processing in children with dyslexia has been observed in left-hemispheric temporoparietal regions. Musical training has shown positive associations with phonological processing abilities, but the neural mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unspecified. The present research aims to distinguish neural correlates of phonological processing in school-age typically developing musically trained children, musically untrained children, and musically untrained children with dyslexia utilizing fMRI...
July 29, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Claudia L R Gonzalez, Nicole A van Rootselaar, Robbin L Gibb
In this chapter, we review hemispheric differences for sensorimotor function and cognitive abilities. Specifically, we examine the left-hemisphere specialization for visuomotor control and its interplay with language, executive function, and musical training. Similarly, we discuss right-hemisphere lateralization for haptic processing and its relationship to spatial and numerical processing. We propose that cerebral lateralization for sensorimotor functions served as a foundation for the development of higher cognitive abilities and their hemispheric functional specialization...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
Andrea Schiavio, Dylan van der Schyff
Recent approaches in the cognitive and psychological sciences conceive of mind as an Embodied, Embedded, Extended, and Enactive (or 4E) phenomenon. While this has stimulated important discussions and debates across a vast array of disciplines, its principles, applications, and explanatory power have not yet been properly addressed in the domain of musical development. Accordingly, it remains unclear how the cognitive processes involved in the acquisition of musical skills might be understood through the lenses of this approach, and what this might offer for practical areas like music education...
August 9, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Valentina Lorenzetti, Bruno Melo, Rodrigo Basílio, Chao Suo, Murat Yücel, Carlos J Tierra-Criollo, Jorge Moll
Neurofeedback (NFB) enables the voluntary regulation of brain activity, with promising applications to enhance and recover emotion and cognitive processes, and their underlying neurobiology. It remains unclear whether NFB can be used to aid and sustain complex emotions, with ecological validity implications. We provide a technical proof of concept of a novel real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rtfMRI) NFB procedure. Using rtfMRI-NFB, we enabled participants to voluntarily enhance their own neural activity while they experienced complex emotions...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Laura Bishop
Music performance is inherently social. Most music is performed in groups, and even soloists are subject to influence from a (real or imagined) audience. It is also inherently creative. Performers are called upon to interpret notated music, improvise new musical material, adapt to unexpected playing conditions, and accommodate technical errors. The focus of this paper is how creativity is distributed across members of a music ensemble as they perform these tasks. Some aspects of ensemble performance have been investigated extensively in recent years as part of the broader literature on joint action (e...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sara Ghiselli, Elena Ciciriello, Giovanni Maniago, Enrico Muzzi, Sandra Pellizzoni, Eva Orzan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jeffrey N Chiang, Matthew H Rosenberg, Carolyn A Bufford, Daniel Stephens, Antonio Lysy, Martin M Monti
The ability to process structured sequences is a central feature of natural language but also characterizes many other domains of human cognition. In this fMRI study, we measured brain metabolic response in musicians as they generated structured and non-structured sequences in language and music. We employed a univariate and multivariate cross-classification approach to provide evidence that a common neural code underlies the production of structured sequences across the two domains. Crucially, the common substrate includes Broca's area, a region well known for processing structured sequences in language...
August 4, 2018: Brain and Language
Anja Burkhard, Stefan Elmer, Denis Kara, Christian Brauchli, Lutz Jäncke
The influence of background music on cognitive functions is still a matter of debate. In this study, we investigated the influence of background music on executive functions (particularly on inhibitory functions). Participants completed a standardized cued Go/NoGo task during three different conditions while an EEG was recorded (1: with no background music, 2: with relaxing, or 3: with exciting background music). In addition, we collected reaction times, omissions, and commissions in response to the Go and NoGo stimuli...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
R Dahms, M Haesner
Recent research on music and music-based interventions for people with dementia (PwD) is focused on changes of psychological and cognitive functions. Little is known about the role of biography in the importance of music to PwD. A qualitative study was conducted to identify the phases of their life in which PwD were influenced by music. 20 semi-structured interviews with PwD from nursing homes and PwD cared for at home were conducted. Additionally, their relatives were interviewed separately. The results were analysed relating to four categories divided into past and present with the aim of identifying the changes in daily routine and challenges for everyday care...
2018: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
George Fotakopoulos, Polikceni Kotlia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to systematically assess the effects of exercise rehabilitation program accompanied by experiential music for clinical recovery. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study with 65 stroke survivor patients. All cases underwent a neuropsychological assessment first as a prescreening test, during the admission at the Rehabilitation center (baseline), and 6 months poststroke. All patients received standard treatment for stroke in terms of medical care and rehabilitation...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Xiaofan Xiong, Lin Han, Siyuan Liu, Jiyu Miao, Mai Luo, Meng Xue, Xiaofei Wang, Lei Ni, Juan Yang, Chen Huang
Music has a long history of healing or mitigating physical and mental illness in the clinical setting. We aimed to test changes in behavioral cognition and serum proteomics in rats undergoing music intervention (MI). The Morris water maze (MWM) was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory in rats. Serum protein expression profiling was examined using magnetic bead-based matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF-MS). MI improved spatial learning and memory in both male and female rats...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Chen-Gia Tsai, Tai-Li Chou, Chia-Wei Li
Humans use time-varying pitch patterns to convey information in music and speech. Recognition of musical melodies and lexical tones relies on relative pitch (RP), the ability to identify intervals between two pitches. RP processing in music is usually more fine-grained than that in tonal languages. In Western music, there are twelve pitch categories within an octave, whereas there are only three level (non-glide) lexical tones in Taiwanese (or Taiwanese Hokkien, a tonal language). The present study aimed at comparing the neural substrates underlying RP processing of musical melodic intervals with that of level lexical tones in Taiwanese...
July 26, 2018: Neuropsychologia
Sasan Matinfar, M Ali Nasseri, Ulrich Eck, Michael Kowalsky, Hessam Roodaki, Navid Navab, Chris P Lohmann, Mathias Maier, Nassir Navab
PURPOSE: Advances in sensing and digitalization enable us to acquire and present various heterogeneous datasets to enhance clinical decisions. Visual feedback is the dominant way of conveying such information. However, environments rich with many sources of information all presented through the same channel pose the risk of over stimulation and missing crucial information. The augmentation of the cognitive field by additional perceptual modalities such as sound is a workaround to this problem...
July 27, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Robert Sewak, Neil I Spielholz
The truth of the adage, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure", is exemplified by the opioid crisis now facing the world. While the best way to rid society of drug addiction is to prevent it from occurring in the first place, this is highly unlikely in the near future given the many ways that individuals can be first exposed to some potentially addicting substance. When an addiction is established, the first treatment for it is detoxification, but the insidious nature of addiction is its propensity to relapse...
September 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Jenny T van der Steen, Hanneke Ja Smaling, Johannes C van der Wouden, Manon S Bruinsma, Rob Jpm Scholten, Annemiek C Vink
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of different causes which is characterised by deterioration in cognitive, behavioural, social and emotional functions. Pharmacological interventions are available but have limited effect to treat many of the syndrome's features. Less research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments. In this review, we examined the evidence for effects of music-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia on emotional well-being including quality of life, mood disturbance or negative affect, behavioural problems, social behaviour and cognition at the end of therapy and four or more weeks after the end of treatment...
July 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yanan Sun, Xuejing Lu, Hao Tam Ho, Blake W Johnson, Daniela Sammler, William Forde Thompson
Evidence is accumulating that similar cognitive resources are engaged to process syntactic structure in music and language. Congenital amusia - a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects music perception, including musical syntax - provides a special opportunity to understand the nature of this overlap. Using electroencephalography (EEG), we investigated whether individuals with congenital amusia have parallel deficits in processing language syntax in comparison to control participants. Twelve amusic participants (eight females) and 12 control participants (eight females) were presented melodies in one session, and spoken sentences in another session, both of which had syntactic-congruent and -incongruent stimuli...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Helen K Black, Robert L Rubinstein, Ann Christine Frankowski, Gina Hrybyk, Mary Nemec, Gretchen G Tucker
Purpose: This article explores experiences of older adults attending an Adult Day Service (ADS) center. We focus on semiotics, which is ADS clients' use of symbols to communicate with others and to assert their personal and social identities. We refer to the ADS as a semiosphere-a term that refers to the dense, symbolically mediated interactions among this community. Methods: Ethnographers observed and interviewed clients, family, and staff members at the religiously affiliated ADS...
July 13, 2018: Gerontologist
Wendy L Magee
Using music with people with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) has progressed considerably in recent years. Using both imaging and behavioural measures has revealed music's potential for enhancing arousal and awareness, boosting cognition and improving behavioural outcomes when compared to non-music conditions. Furthermore, music may have prognostic potential with this population. Explanations for these effects draw on music's potential to simultaneously excite the networks implicated in internal self-referential awareness and external awareness...
July 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Elizabeth M Long, Kelli White
Nursing students need innovative educational approaches to bridge generational and cultural differences and improve communication skills with patients who are cognitively impaired. An individualized music and memory intervention for older adults with dementia and communication issues was implemented. A review of weekly student journals provided information regarding the use of the approach as an alternative therapy and benefit for students. The usefulness of the music and memory program as an innovative learning tool has widespread applicability to various health care settings...
July 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Jihui Lyu, Jingnan Zhang, Haiyan Mu, Wenjie Li, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Tian Gao, Lijuan Xie, Weiye Jin, Wan Yang, Mengnan Cui, Maolong Gao, Mo Li
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, affecting millions of older people worldwide. However, pharmacological therapies have not achieved desirable clinical efficacy in the past decades. Non-pharmacological therapies have been receiving increased attention to treat dementia in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the effects of music therapy on cognitive function and mental wellbeing of patients with AD. METHODS: A total number of 298 AD patients with mild, moderate, or severe dementia participated in the study...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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