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Music AND Cognition

Susan V Brammer
SPECIFIC CLINICAL ISSUE: The purpose of this clinical consultation is to offer nurses evidence-based strategies to provide holistic care to their patients with comorbid depression and pain. The combination of depression and pain is common and, if not managed effectively, has negative outcomes. Treatment-resistance is one negative outcome. The worst-case scenario for unrelieved depression and/or pain is suicide. MAJOR PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS BASED ON BEST EVIDENCE: Antidepressants, particularly duloxetine, have had efficacy for pain and depression...
October 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Ashish Gupta, Braj Bhushan, Laxmidhar Behera
Short-term effects of music stimulus on enhancement of cognitive functions in human brain are documented, however the underlying neural mechanisms in these cognitive effects are not well investigated. In this study, we have attempted to decipher the mechanisms involved in alterations of neural networks that lead to enhanced cognitive effects post-exposure to music. We have investigated the changes in Electroencephalography (EEG) power and functional connectivity of alpha band in resting state of the brain after exposure to Indian classical music...
October 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alexander Fedotchev, Grigoriy Radchenko, Anna Zemlianaia
"Music of the Brain" is based on musical or music-like stimulation organized in close accordance with the biopotentials of a subject's brain. Initial studies of the "Music of the Brain" approach were analyzed and limitations were noted. To enhance the efficiency and usability of the approach, several combinations of music therapy with a neurofeedback technique - musical neurofeedback - were developed. Enhanced efficiency of the approach has been shown for the correction of functional disturbances during pregnancy and for elimination of stress-induced states in high technology specialists...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Paulo E Andrade, Joydeep Bhattacharya
Do you know that our soul is composed of harmony? Leonardo Da Vinci Despite evidence for music-specific mechanisms at the level of pitch-pattern representations, the most fascinating aspect of music is its transmodality. Recent psychological and neuroscientific evidence suggest that music is unique in the coupling of perception, cognition, action and emotion. This potentially explains why music has been since time immemorial almost inextricably linked to healing processes and should continue to be.
2018: Advances in Neurobiology
Deirdre Noone, Josh Stott, Elisa Aguirre, Kelly Llanfear, Aimee Spector
OBJECTIVES: Assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for depression and anxiety in people with dementia (PWD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD: OvidMedline, PsychInfo and Embase were searched for studies on the 5th August 2017. The efficacy of the studies was estimated using meta-analyses. RESULTS: Eight RCTs were included. No RCTs were identified for people with MCI. Four RCTs found that psychosocial interventions (multicomponent intervention, Tai Chi, problem adaptation therapy and exercise/walking) were effective at reducing symptoms of depression in PWD who were depressed...
October 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Kathleen Brundage, Caitlin Montgomery, Sijin Wen, Sahiti Kandati, Hannah Bowles, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Zenzi Huysmans
BACKGROUND: Telomere length (TL), telomerase activity (TA), and plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) levels have emerged as possible predictors of cognitive decline and dementia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the: 1) effects of two 12-week relaxation programs on TL, TA, and Aβ levels in adults with subjective cognitive decline; and 2) relationship of biomarker changes to those in cognitive function, psychosocial status, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: Participants were randomized to a 12-week Kirtan Kriya meditation (KK) or music listening (ML) program and asked to practice 12 minutes/day...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Carlo Cavaliere, Mariachiara Longarzo, Mario Orsini, Marco Aiello, Dario Grossi
The aim of the study is to investigate morphofunctional circuits underlying musical hallucinations (MH) in a 72-years old female that underwent a simultaneous 18fluoredeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) and advanced magnetic resonance (MR) exam. This represents a particular case of MH occurred in an healthy subject, not displaying neurological or psychopathological disorders, and studied simultaneously with a multimodal approach. For the resting-state fMRI analysis a seed to seed approach was chosen...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Keigo Saeki
BACKGROUND: Participation in leisure activities (LA) is essential for successful aging. Our aim was to investigate the cross-sectional association of types of LA with self-rated health (SRH) by gender and work status. METHODS: The target population was all residents aged ≥65 years in a municipality (n = 16,010, response rate of 62.5%). We analyzed 4,044 men and 4,617 women without disabilities. LA were categorized into 14 types. SRH was assessed through the SF-8...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Teppo Särkämö, Aleksi J Sihvonen
During the last decades, there have been major advances in mapping the brain regions that underlie our ability to perceive, experience, and produce music and how musical training can shape the structure and function of the brain. This progress has fueled and renewed clinical interest towards uncovering the neural basis for the impaired or preserved processing of music in different neurological disorders and how music-based interventions can be used in their rehabilitation and care. This article reviews our contribution to and the state-of-the-art of this field...
September 19, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Annemieke Vink, Suzanne Hanser
The growing population of people with dementia worldwide calls attention to the burdens associated with age-related decline that affects physiology, psychological and cognitive status, and social/emotional wellbeing. The current standards in geriatric care recommend non-pharmacological approaches to these challenges, including safe approaches to managing pain and stress, enhancing symptom relief, and fostering independent lifestyles with the highest quality of life possible. The purpose of this article is to provide definitions of music-based interventions, music therapy applications and clinician qualifications, as well as an umbrella mini-review of meta-analyses regarding music-based interventions for individuals with dementia...
October 8, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
J A Jauset-Berrocal, G Soria-Urios
INTRODUCTION: Music is the result of a perception in the brain involving a number of cortical and subcortical areas in both brain hemispheres. Increased knowledge about brain plasticity and the numerous neuroimaging studies conducted in recent years have made it possible to further our understanding of the processing of musical stimuli in the brain. This has led to an interest in analysing and studying its application in the non-invasive treatment of certain dysfunctions or diseases with the aim of helping to achieve an improved quality of life...
October 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Geza Benke, Christina Dimitriadis, Berihun M Zeleke, Imo Inyang, Dean McKenzie, Michael J Abramson
Objective This study was performed to determine whether exposure to personal music players (PMPs) in the immediate morning prior to hearing testing confounds the association between mobile phone use and hearing thresholds of adolescents. Design In this cohort study of cognitive function in year 7 students (median age 13 years, range 11-14), information regarding the weekly use of mobile phones and the use of PMPs was assessed by a questionnaire. Pure-tone audiometry was used to establish hearing thresholds for all participants...
October 3, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Ali Mazaheri, Heleen A Slagter, Gregor Thut, John J Foxe
The year 2018 marks the 100th anniversary of the passing of the French composer Claude Debussy. Debussy's view of composing music could be compared to how some scientists view neural oscillations. He is reported to have said that music is not in the notes, but rather in the silences in between. Without regular periods of lull, it is not possible to have a rhythm, without which it is impossible to have melody. This special issue of The European Journal of Neuroscience endeavors to bring together the latest empirical findings, reviews and theoretical viewpoints on the role that rhythmic neural activity plays in the many facets of sensation, perception and cognition...
October 1, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
S A Kotz, A Ravignani, W T Fitch
Behavioral and brain rhythms in the millisecond-to-second range are central in human music, speech, and movement. A comparative approach can further our understanding of the evolution of rhythm processing by identifying behavioral and neural similarities and differences across cognitive domains and across animal species. We provide an overview of research into rhythm cognition in music, speech, and animal communication. Rhythm has received considerable attention within each individual field, but to date, little integration...
October 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Alborz Rezazadeh Sereshkeh, Rozhin Yousefi, Andrew T Wong, Tom Chau
Most brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) require that users perform mental tasks such as motor imagery, mental arithmetic, or music imagery to convey a message or to answer simple yes or no questions. These cognitive tasks usually have no direct association with the communicative intent, which makes them difficult for users to perform. In this paper, a 3-class intuitive BCI is presented which enables users to directly answer yes or no questions by covertly rehearsing the word "yes" or "no" for 15 s...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
Amy Clements-Cortes, Lee Bartel
Due to advances in medical knowledge the population of older adults struggling with issues of aging like Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and stroke is growing. There is a need for therapeutic interventions to provide adaptive strategies to sustain quality of life, decrease neurologic impairment, and maintain or slow cognitive decline and function due to degenerative neurologic diseases. Musical interventions with adults with cognitive impairments have received increased attention over the past few years, such as the value of personalized music listening in the iPod project for AD (1); music as a tool to decrease agitation and anxiety in dementia (2); and music to aid in episodic memory (3); Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation as rehabilitation for PD (4); and recently the potential of 40 Hz sensory brain stimulation with AD and PD (5, 6)...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Eunju Jeong, Hokyoung Ryu, Geonsang Jo, Jaehyeok Kim
A key for earcon design in public environments is to incorporate an individual's perceived level of cognitive load for better communication. This study aimed to examine the cognitive load changes required to perform a melodic contour identification task (CIT). While healthy college students ( N = 16) were presented with five CITs, behavioral (reaction time and accuracy) and cerebral hemodynamic responses were measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Our behavioral findings showed a gradual increase in cognitive load from CIT1 to CIT3 followed by an abrupt increase between CIT4 (i...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Petra Pohl, Gunnel Carlsson, Lina Bunketorp Käll, Michael Nilsson, Christian Blomstrand
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitative stroke interventions based on principles of multimodal stimulation have the potential to profoundly affect neuroplastic processes beyond the sub-acute phase. In order to identify important core mechanisms, there is a need to explore how interventions that combine physical, social, sensory, and cognitively challenging activities are perceived and experienced by the participants. This qualitative study, based on an interpretive interactionist perspective, explored the experiences of stroke survivors who participated in a group-based multimodal rehabilitation program based on rhythm and music...
2018: PloS One
Gunver S Kienle, Milena Mussler, Dieter Fuchs, Helmut Kiene
BACKGROUND: Patients confronted with a cancer diagnosis experience a variety of existential needs encompassing emotional, psychological, and spiritual areas of being. A patient-centered care approach addressing such existential issues is recognized as an essential aspect of health care. The aim of this study is to explore what role psychological, biographical, and spiritual factors play for experienced doctors working in integrative cancer care. METHOD: The qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 35 purposively sampled doctors, all practicing integrative oncology in the field of anthroposophic medicine in hospitals and/or office-based practices in Germany and other countries...
October 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Su Su Maw, Chiyori Haga
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by significant impairment in social communication and the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviour or interest. Intervention during early childhood could decrease ASD symptoms. We aimed to identify the most effective intervention based on cognitive, developmental, and behavioural approaches and the factors that impact the effectiveness of the intervention. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing interventions for ASD in preschool-aged children...
September 2018: Heliyon
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