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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325843/concurrent-microbial-keratitis-and-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-concordance-etiopathogenesis-and-outcome
#1
Arpita Nayak, Sanchita Mitra Basu, Anuria De, Aparajita Mallick, Sujata Das, Suryasnata Rath
PURPOSE: Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is believed to be a risk factor for microbial keratitis (MK). The primary objective of this study was to look at microbiological concordance between corneal scraping and lacrimal sac flora in patients with concurrent MK and NLDO. The secondary objective was to compare microbiological isolates from MK and NLDO, MK alone, NLDO alone, and healthy subjects. METHODS: A prospective comparative study of 146 subjects with standard microbiological analyses was performed between February 2014 and October 2017...
October 5, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325026/are-perioperative-antibiotics-necessary-during-direct-microlaryngoscopy
#2
Megan Yetzke, Richard Heyes, Natasha Nakra, Valeria Silva Merea, David Lott, Matthew Clary, Paul Bryson, Sunil P Verma
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There are currently no established recommendations for the use of perioperative antibiotics (PAs) to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs) for direct microlaryngoscopy (DML). This study examined the incidence of SSI in patients undergoing DML with and without PAs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, multi-institutional chart review. METHODS: A retrospective, multi-institutional chart review was performed at four tertiary referral academic medical centers...
October 16, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324833/trimodal-therapy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#3
Joachim Mathes, Steffen Rausch, Tilman Todenhöfer, Arnulf Stenzl
Radical cystectomy is the standard therapy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Organ-preserving surgical procedures have been established as alternatives to radical surgery for localized malignancies in other anatomic sites. Trimodal therapy consisting of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and either transurethral resection of the bladder or partial cystectomy is an effective treatment for selected patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer that allows for preservation of the urinary bladder. Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the value of trimodal therapy in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer...
October 16, 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324812/migration-of-a-fractured-ring-iud-resulting-in-vesicovaginal-fistula-and-vaginal-calculus
#4
Dewen Yan, Zhan Shi, Liping Wang, Xiumin Zhao
CASE: Although many complications have been reported with intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs), vesicovaginal fistula with secondary vaginal stones is rare. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with a vaginal discharge lasting 2 months. Two years previously, she had undergone cystoscopic lithotripsy and surgery to remove an IUD, after pelvic radiography had revealed a fractured Chinese stainless steel ring IUD with secondary vesical stones that had been the cause of her urinary tract symptoms...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324584/the-paradox-of-self-rated-health-following-joint-replacement-surgery
#5
Thomas Perneger, Anne Lübbeke
PURPOSE: Self-rated health is a commonly used patient-reported outcome, but its responsiveness to is not well documented. We examined the ability of self-rated health to capture health changes attributable to a highly effective surgical intervention. METHODS: Prospective study of patients with severe osteoarthritis of the hip (N = 990) or knee (N = 907) who underwent total hip replacement (THA) or total knee replacement (TKA). Self-rated health was assessed pre-operatively and 1 year after surgery on a scale between "excellent" and "poor," along with other health items (other 11 items of the SF12 questionnaire) and multi-item Pain and Function scales...
October 15, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323785/prevention-of-brain-metastases
#6
REVIEW
Joseph A Bovi
The incidence of brain metastases is projected to rise because survival rates of lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma continue to improve (1). The brain is being identified as a sanctuary site for harboring metastases despite excellent control of extracranial disease. This is thought to occur because the drug therapies that control extracranial disease have limited central nervous system (CNS) penetration. The development of brain metastases is a devastating diagnosis affecting both quality of life (QOL) and survival...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322261/trends-and-costs-of-external-electrical-bone-stimulators-and-grafting-materials-in-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#7
Anthony D'Oro, Zorica Buser, Darrel Scott Brodke, Jong-Beom Park, Sangwook Tim Yoon, Jim Aimen Youssef, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Kristen Emmanuel Radcliff, Patrick Hsieh, Jeffrey Chun Wang
Study Design: Retrospective review. Purpose: To identify the trends in stimulator use, pair those trends with various grafting materials, and determine the influence of stimulators on the risk of revision surgery. Overview of Literature: A large number of studies has reported beneficial effects of electromagnetic energy in healing long bone fractures. However, there are few clinical studies regarding the use of electrical stimulators in spinal fusion...
October 16, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313065/richter-s-syndrome-of-the-central-nervous-system-diagnosed-concurrently-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Liye Xu, Jin Cheng Song, Xiu Hua Sun, Zi Fen Gao, Li Lv, Jie Zhu
RATIONALE: Central nervous system (CNS) infiltration of Richter's syndrome (RS) is rare and only a few cases were discussed. Of these published cases, either they were accompanied with lymph node involvement or with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To our knowledge, this is the first published case of RS of the brain and meninges diagnosed concurrently with CLL in the absence of any evidence of lymphoma outside of the CNS. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old female presented with slurred speech, headache, and left-sided hemiparesis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312674/outpatient-surgical-management-for-acquired-buried-penis
#9
Scott G Erpelding, Marilyn Hopkins, Adam Dugan, James Y Liau, Shubham Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the safety and feasibility of outpatient surgical management for patients with acquired buried penis. METHODS: We conducted an IRB approved review of patients who underwent surgical repair of acquired buried penis at a single institution from September 2014 to Aug 2017. Patient characteristics, operative details, and 30 and 90-day complications were assessed. RESULTS: Sixteen patients underwent surgical repair of acquired buried penis at the University of Kentucky during the study period...
October 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311336/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-chinese-version-of-lymphoedema-functioning-disability-and-health-questionnaire-for-lower-limb-lymphoedema-in-women-with-gynaecological-cancer-surgery
#10
Chin-Mei Wang, Shih-Yu Lee, Keng-Fu Hsu, Cheng-Feng Lin, Mi-Chia Ma, Yu-Yun Hsu
The prevalence of lower limb lymphoedema and its impact in gynaecological cancer patients is underestimated. However, a valid and reliable scale to measure lower leg lymphoedema in Taiwan has not been available. The purpose of the study was to translate the English version of Lymphoedema Functioning, Disability and Health Questionnaire for Lower Limb Lymphoedema into a Chinese version (Lymph-ICF-LL-C), and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Lymph-ICF-LL-C in Taiwanese women with gynaecological cancer surgery...
October 12, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311010/modern-approaches-to-evacuating-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
REVIEW
Kunal Bhatia, Madihah Hepburn, Endrit Ziu, Farhan Siddiq, Adnan I Qureshi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to discuss the recent advances in surgical management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), safety and efficacy of minimally invasive surgical techniques, and the existing evidence supporting their use. RECENT FINDINGS: Newer surgical techniques, collectively referred to as minimally invasive surgery (MIS), have been evaluated and studied in management of ICH. Stereotactic evacuation of intracerebral hemorrhage using aspiration-irrigation technique has showed significant reductions in the hematoma volume with minimal intra-operative bleeding...
October 11, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310287/efficacy-and-cardiac-safety-of-the-concurrent-use-of-trastuzumab-and-anthracycline-based-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-her2-positive-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Yu-Tuan Wu, Zhou Xu, Ke Zhang, Jiu-Song Wu, Xin Li, Bilal Arshad, Ying-Cun Li, Zhong-Liang Wang, Hong-Yuan Li, Kai-Nan Wu, Ling-Quan Kong
The concurrent use of trastuzumab and anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been proposed to improve the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, although there are conflicting views about its efficacy and safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and cardiac safety of the concurrent use of trastuzumab and anthracycline-based NAC for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive locally advanced breast cancer. We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception until July 1, 2017, for relevant articles...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306716/monitoring-excess-unplanned-return-to-theatre-following-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#13
Michael Rasmussen, Cameron Platell, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: To develop a risk-adjustment model for unplanned return to theatre (URTT) outcomes following colorectal surgeries in Australia and New Zealand hospitals and apply top-down and bottom-up statistical process control methods for fair comparison of hospitals and surgeons' URTT rates. METHODS: We analysed URTT outcomes from hospitals contributing data to the Bi-National Colorectal Cancer Audit clinical registry between 2007 and 2016. Preoperative and intraoperative covariates were considered for risk adjustment...
October 10, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305187/hypocalcaemia-following-laryngectomy-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#14
A S Harris, E Prades, C D Passant, D R Ingrams
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of hypocalcaemia following laryngectomy and demonstrate that total thyroidectomy is a risk factor. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted that included all patients who underwent total laryngectomy from 1st January 2006 to 1st August 2017. Exclusion criteria were: pre-operative calcium derangement, previous thyroid or parathyroid surgery, concurrent glossectomy, pharyngectomy, or oesophagectomy. RESULTS: Ninety patients were included...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304899/dorsal-midline-cutaneous-stigmata-associated-with-occult-spinal-dysraphism-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Hyun Jung Sung, Hyun-Seung Lee
Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) and subsequent neurosurgery in pediatric patients with isolated or combined dorsal midline cutaneous stigmata with or without other congenital malformations. Methods: We undertook a retrospective review of patients who had undergone sonography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation for OSD because of suspicious dorsal midline cutaneous stigmata (defined as presumed markers for OSD) between January 2012 and June 2017...
October 1, 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303548/lung-lobe-torsion-in-dogs-52-cases-2005-2017
#16
Karen M Park, Janet A Grimes, Mandy L Wallace, Allyson A Sterman, Kelley M Thieman Mankin, Bonnie G Campbell, Erin E Flannery, Milan Milovancev, Kyle G Mathews, Chad W Schmiedt
OBJECTIVE: To report outcomes and risk factors for mortality in dogs that underwent surgical management of lung lobe torsion. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series from 5 veterinary teaching hospitals (2005-2017). ANIMALS: Fifty dogs with 52 instances of lung lobe torsion. METHODS: Data collected from medical records included signalment, clinical findings, results of clinicopathologic testing and diagnostic imaging, surgical treatment, lung lobe affected, intraoperative and postoperative complications, histopathologic and microbiologic findings, and outcome...
October 10, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299322/pelvic-floor-disorders-in-women-with-gynecologic-malignancy
#17
Evelyn Hall, Katina Robison, Kyle Wohlrab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article serves as an update on issues relating to the intersection of pelvic floor disorders and gynecology oncology. RECENT FINDINGS: Gynecologic cancer survivors experience pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) at a higher rate than their age-matched peers, often because of shared risk factors and as sequelae of cancer treatment. Concomitant pelvic floor and oncologic surgery can serve as a method to promote quality of life. Studies have demonstrated concomitant surgery to be well tolerated in appropriately selected patients, but only about 2% of oncologic surgeries are coordinated to include the treatment of PFDs...
October 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299266/outcomes-in-fournier-s-gangrene-using-skin-and-soft-tissue-sparing-flap-preservation-surgery-for-wound-closure-an-alternative-approach-to-wide-radical-debridement
#18
Travis L Perry, Lindsay M Kranker, Erin E Mobley, Eileen E Curry, R Michael Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Fournier's gangrene (FG) remains a forbidding necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) that necessitates early recognition, prompt surgical excision, and goal-directed antibiotic therapy. Traditionally, surgical management has included wide radical excision for sepsis control, but this management often leaves large, morbid wounds that require complex wound coverage, prolonged hospitalizations, and/or delayed healing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series is to report the outcomes of FG using a surrogate approach of concurrent debridement of spared skin and soft tissue, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), and serial delayed primary closure (DPC)...
October 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292602/not-all-lightweight-lead-aprons-and-thyroid-shields-are-alike
#19
Elias Fakhoury, Jo-Ann Provencher, Raja Subramaniam, David J Finlay
OBJECTIVE: With the explosion of minimally invasive surgery, the use of fluoroscopy has significantly increased. Concurrently, there has been a demand for lighter weight aprons. The industry answered this call with the development of lightweight aprons. Our goal was to see whether lighter weight garments provide reduced protection. METHODS: Dry laboratory testing was performed in a standard X-ray room, using a standard fluoroscopy table and standard acrylic blocks...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291050/predictors-of-complications-following-breast-reduction-surgery-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study-of-16-812-cases
#20
Andrew M Simpson, Daniel P Donato, Alvin C Kwok, Jayant P Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Breast reduction is one of the most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons. Despite good outcomes and high patient satisfaction, there are little national data on the predictors that lead to complications in this patient population. We accessed a national outcomes database to examine these factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study examining the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006 to 2015. Patients who underwent primary breast reduction were identified...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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