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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326899/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-non-pharmacological-interventions-use-for-menopausal-symptoms-within-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening
#1
A Gentry-Maharaj, C Karpinskyj, C Glazer, M Burnell, K Bailey, S Apostolidou, A Ryan, A Lanceley, L Fraser, I Jacobs, M S Hunter, U Menon
OBJECTIVES: The negative publicity about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has led to increased use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and non-pharmacological interventions (NPI) for menopausal symptom relief. We report on the prevalence and predictors of CAM/NPI among UK postmenopausal women. METHOD: Postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years were invited to participate in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). A total of 202 638 women were recruited and completed a baseline questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325144/therapeutic-potential-and-outlook-of-alternative-medicine-for-osteoporosis
#2
Tao Wang, Qian Liu, William Tjhioe, Jinmin Zhao, Aiping Lu, Ge Zhang, Renxiang Tan, Mengyu Zhou, Jiake Xu, Haotian Feng
Osteoporosis, a bone disease resulting in loss of bone density and microstructure quality, is often associated with fragility fractures, and the latter imposes a great burden on the patient and society. Although there are several different treatments available for osteoporosis such as hormone replacement therapy, bisphosphonates, Denosumab, and parathyroid hormone some concern has been raised regarding the inherent side effects of their long term use. It would be of great relevance to search for alternative natural compounds, which could complementarily overcome the limitations of the currently available therapy...
March 21, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323626/pomegranate-punica-granatum-seed-oil-for-treating-menopausal-symptoms-an-individually-controlled-cohort-study
#3
Roman Huber, Richard Gminski, Tao Tang, Tomas Weinert, Sabine Schulz, Margareta Linke-Cordes, Ines Martin, Heide Fischer
Context • In the folk medicine of Mediterranean countries and in ancient Ayurveda, Punica granatum seeds (ie, pomegranate seeds) have been used for treatment of various disorders, including those that nowadays are classified as menopausal symptoms (MSs). Pomegranate seed oil (PSO) from those seeds mainly contains unsaturated fatty acids such as γ-linoleic acid and linolenic acid, but it also includes phytoestrogens. It is, therefore, regarded as a promising option for treating MSs today. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and effectiveness of PSO as a defined P granatum seed oil for patients with MSs...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323624/conventional-or-natural-pharmacotherapy-and-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-during-menopause
#4
Dorota Kopciuch, Anna Paczkowska, Tomasz Zaprutko, Michał Michalak, Elżbieta Nowakowska
Context • Psychoneurological symptoms are present in nearly all women in the perimenopausal period. Key elements of care in the period may include hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Alternatively, phytoestrogens, antidepressant pharmacotherapy, or a combination of hormonal and antidepressant therapies may be recommended. Objective • The study intended to verify whether women who are menopausal believe that a reduction in their symptoms of anxiety and depression depends on the type of pharmacotherapy used...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315369/resveratrol-as-mdr-reversion-molecule-in-breast-cancer-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Nafiseh Sadat Alamolhodaei, Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Mohammad Ramezani, A Wallace Hayes, Gholamreza Karimi
Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality among women worldwide; therefore, a strategy to defeat breast cancer is an extremely important medical issue. One of the major challenges in this regard is multidrug resistance (MDR). Resveratrol, a well-known phytoestrogen, may be helpful as part of an overall strategy to defeat breast cancer. The mixed agonist and antagonist role of resveratrol for the estrogen receptor makes it a controversial but interesting molecule in cancer therapy, especially in hormone dependent cancers...
March 15, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314478/osteoinductive-effects-of-glyceollins-on-adult-mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cells-from-adipose-tissue-and-bone-marrow
#6
Marjorie E Bateman, Amy L Strong, Ryan S Hunter, Melyssa R Bratton, Rajesh Komati, Jayalakshmi Sridhar, Kevin E Riley, Guangdi Wang, Daniel J Hayes, Stephen M Boue, Matthew E Burow, Bruce A Bunnell
BACKGROUND: While current therapies for osteoporosis focus on reducing bone resorption, the development of therapies to regenerate bone may also be beneficial. Promising anabolic therapy candidates include phytoestrogens, such as daidzein, which effectively induce osteogenesis of adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of glyceollins, structural derivatives of daidzein, on osteogenesis of ASCs and BMSCs...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298273/challenges-and-lessons-learned-in-generating-and-interpreting-nhanes-nutritional-biomarker-data
#7
REVIEW
Christine M Pfeiffer, David A Lacher, Rosemary L Schleicher, Clifford L Johnson, Elizabeth A Yetley
For the past 45 y, the National Center for Health Statistics at the CDC has carried out nutrition surveillance of the US population by collecting anthropometric, dietary intake, and nutritional biomarker data, the latter being the focus of this publication. The earliest biomarker testing assessed iron and vitamin A status. With time, a broad spectrum of water- and fat-soluble vitamins was added and biomarkers for other types of nutrients (e.g., fatty acids) and bioactive dietary compounds (e.g., phytoestrogens) were included in NHANES...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293048/differential-effects-of-resveratrol-on-the-expression-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-transcripts-and-protein-in-the-hippocampus-of-rat-brain
#8
Shahla Shojaei, Mohammad Reza Panjehshahin, Sayed Mohammad Shafiee, Zahra Khoshdel, Mohammad Borji, Ghasem Ghasempour, Ali Akbar Owji
BACKGROUND: The induction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in the hippocampus has shown to play a role in the beneficial effects of resveratrol (RSV) on the learning and memory. The BDNF gene has a complicated structure with eight 5' noncoding exons (I-IXa), each of which can splice to a common coding exon (IX) to form a functional transcript. Estrogens increase levels of BDNF transcripts in the hippocampus of rats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the phytoestrogen, RSV, on the splicing pattern of BDNF transcripts and on the pro-BDNF protein in the hippocampi of mother rats and their embryos...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278010/the-effect-of-valerian-on-the-severity-and-frequency-of-hot-flashes-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Seyyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
Valerian is one of the most widely used herbal supplements and a phytoestrogenic herb. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Valerian on the severity and frequency of hot flashes. This triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted during a three-month period in Hamadan, Iran, in 60 postmenopausal women aged 45-55 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups- either placebo or Valerian. An oral Valerian 530 mg capsule was given twice per day for two months...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264475/association-between-dietary-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-urinary-concentrations-of-phytoestrogens-in-the-us
#10
Eurídice Martínez Steele, Carlos A Monteiro
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods and urinary phytoestrogen concentrations in the US. Participants from cross-sectional 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey aged 6+ years, selected to measure urinary phytoestrogens and with one 24-h dietary recall were evaluated (2692 participants). Food items were classified according to NOVA (a name, not an acronym), a four-group food classification based on the extent and purpose of industrial food processing...
February 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264445/equol-a-dietary-daidzein-gut-metabolite-attenuates-microglial-activation-and-potentiates-neuroprotection-in-vitro
#11
Lalita Subedi, Eunhee Ji, Dongyun Shin, Jongsik Jin, Joo Hong Yeo, Sun Yeou Kim
Estrogen deficiency has been well characterized in inflammatory disorders including neuroinflammation. Daidzein, a dietary alternative phytoestrogen found in soy (Glycine max) as primary isoflavones, possess anti-inflammatory activity, but the effect of its active metabolite Equol (7-hydroxy-3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-chroman) has not been well established. In this study, we investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory and neuroprotective effect of Equol in vitro. To evaluate the potential effects of Equol, three major types of central nervous system (CNS) cells, including microglia (BV-2), astrocytes (C6), and neurons (N2a), were used...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263368/dietary-isoflavone-intake-and-all-cause-mortality-in-breast-cancer-survivors-the-breast-cancer-family-registry
#12
Fang Fang Zhang, Danielle E Haslam, Mary Beth Terry, Julia A Knight, Irene L Andrulis, Mary B Daly, Saundra S Buys, Esther M John
BACKGROUND: Soy foods possess both antiestrogenic and estrogen-like properties. It remains controversial whether women diagnosed with breast cancer should be advised to eat more or less soy foods, especially for those who receive hormone therapies as part of cancer treatment. METHODS: The association of dietary intake of isoflavone, the major phytoestrogen in soy, with all-cause mortality was examined in 6235 women with breast cancer enrolled in the Breast Cancer Family Registry...
March 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259689/modulation-of-neuro-inflammatory-condition-acetylcholinesterase-and-antioxidant-levels-by-genistein-attenuates-diabetes-associated-cognitive-decline-in-mice
#13
Mithun Singh Rajput, Purnima Dey Sarkar
The association of diabetes and cognitive decline may indicate that high sugar level might be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. A collective term 'diabetes associated cognitive decline' (DACD) has been coined for the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus showing decline in their cognitive function, especially weak episodic memory, cognitive inflexibility and poor psychomotor performance leading towards Alzheimer's disease. However, at present, no specific treatment exists for the prevention and/or treatment of DACD...
March 1, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259640/structural-basis-for-inhibition-of-17%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenases-by-phytoestrogens-the-case-of-fungal-17%C3%AE-hsdcl
#14
Alberto Cassetta, Jure Stojan, Ivet Krastanova, Katja Kristan, Mojca Brunskole Švegelj, Doriano Lamba, Tea Lanišnik Rižner
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived compounds that functionally and structurally mimic mammalian estrogens. Phytoestrogens have broad inhibitory activities toward several steroidogenic enzymes, such as the 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17β-HSDs), which modulate the biological potency of androgens and estrogens in mammals. However, to date, no crystallographic data are available to explain phytoestrogens binding to mammalian 17β-HSDs. NADP(H)-dependent 17β-HSD from the filamentous fungus Cochliobolus lunatus (17β-HSDcl) has been the subject of extensive biochemical, kinetic and quantitative structure-activity relationship studies that have shown that the flavonols are the most potent inhibitors...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259093/exposure-to-phytoestrogens-in-utero-and-age-at-menarche-in-a-contemporary-british-cohort
#15
Kristin J Marks, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Michael E Rybak, Kate Northstone, Michele Marcus
Phytoestrogens are estrogenic compounds that occur naturally in plants. Phytoestrogens can cross the placenta, and animal studies have found associations between in utero exposure to phytoestrogens and markers of early puberty. We investigated the association between in utero exposure to phytoestrogens and early menarche (defined as <11.5 years of age at onset) using data from a nested case-control study within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a longitudinal study involving families living in the South West of England...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254012/the-position-of-prenylation-of-isoflavonoids-and-stilbenoids-from-legumes-fabaceae-modulates-the-antimicrobial-activity-against-gram-positive-pathogens
#16
Carla Araya-Cloutier, Heidy M W den Besten, Siti Aisyah, Harry Gruppen, Jean-Paul Vincken
The legume plant family (Fabaceae) is a potential source of antimicrobial phytochemicals. Molecular diversity in phytochemicals of legume extracts was enhanced by germination and fungal elicitation of seven legume species, as established by RP-UHPLC-UV-MS. The relationship between phytochemical composition, including different types of skeletons and substitutions, and antibacterial properties of extracts was investigated. Extracts rich in prenylated isoflavonoids and stilbenoids showed potent antibacterial activity against Listeria monocytogenes and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at concentrations between 0...
July 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248181/phytoestrogens-in-soy-infant-formula-association-with-dna-methylation-in-girls-has-unknown-implications
#17
Nate Seltenrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248089/mapping-novel-metabolic-nodes-targeted-by-anti-cancer-drugs-that-impair-triple-negative-breast-cancer-pathogenicity
#18
Lindsay S Roberts, Peter Yan, Leslie A Bateman, Daniel K Nomura
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER2 receptor-negative subtypes of breast cancers that show the worst prognoses and lack targeted therapies. Here, we have coupled the screening of ~400 anti-cancer agents that are under development or in the clinic with chemoproteomic and metabolomic profiling to identify novel metabolic mechanisms for agents that impair TNBC pathogenicity. We identify 20 anti-cancer compounds that significantly impaired cell survival across multiple types of TNBC cells...
March 1, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238967/resveratrol-fuels-her2-and-er%C3%AE-positive-breast-cancer-behaving-as-proteasome-inhibitor
#19
Cristina Andreani, Caterina Bartolacci, Kathleen Wijnant, Rita Crinelli, Marzia Bianchi, Mauro Magnani, Albana Hysi, Manuela Iezzi, Augusto Amici, Cristina Marchini
The phytoestrogen resveratrol has been reported to possess cancer chemo-preventive activity on the basis of its effects on tumor cell lines and xenograft or carcinogen-inducible in vivo models. Here we investigated the effects of resveratrol on spontaneous mammary carcinogenesis using Δ16HER2 mice as HER2+/ERα+ breast cancer model. Instead of inhibiting tumor growth, resveratrol treatment (0.0001% in drinking water; daily intake of 4μg/mouse) shortened tumor latency and enhanced tumor multiplicity in Δ16HER2 mice...
February 26, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208754/gypenoside-xvii-prevents-atherosclerosis-by-attenuating-endothelial-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress-insight-into-the-er%C3%AE-mediated-pi3k-akt-pathway
#20
Ke Yang, Haijing Zhang, Yun Luo, Jingyi Zhang, Min Wang, Ping Liao, Li Cao, Peng Guo, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
Phytoestrogens are estrogen-like compounds of plant origin. The pharmacological activities of phytoestrogens are predominantly due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering properties, which are mediated via the estrogen receptors (ERs): estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) and possibly G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER). Gypenoside XVII (GP-17) is a phytoestrogen that is widely used to prevent cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis, but the mechanism underlying these therapeutic effects is largely unclear...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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