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Catherine Bennetau-Pelissero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The estrogenic effects of genistein, as reconfirmed by the American National Toxicology Program (USA-NTP), have led to several new clinical studies being undertaken. Here, we highlight the most relevant recent data, reporting either beneficial or adverse effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Phytoestrogens are natural molecules from edible plants exhibiting estrogenic activities. Post-USA-NTP studies investigated both human and animal reproductive and other physiological issues...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Florence van Hunsel, Sonja van de Koppel, Eugène van Puijenbroek
Two 54-year-old women developed abdominal cramps and vaginal hemorrhage as a result of endometrial hyperplasia during treatment with a hop-containing phytotherapeutic product (MenoCool(®)) for post-menopausal complaints. The women used the hop-containing phytotherapeutic product (418 mg of hop per tablet) twice daily (1 and 0.5 tablets by both patient A and B). Patient A developed abdominal cramps and vaginal hemorrhage after 2 months of use. After gynecological examination, she was diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Lennard Schröder, Dagmar Ulrike Richter, Birgit Piechulla, Mareike Chrobak, Christina Kuhn, Sandra Schulze, Sybille Abarzua, Udo Jeschke, Tobias Weissenbacher
Hereinwe investigated the effect of elderflower extracts (EFE) and of enterolactone/enterodiol on hormone production and proliferation of trophoblast tumor cell lines JEG-3 and BeWo, as well as MCF7 breast cancer cells. The EFE was analyzed by mass spectrometry. Cells were incubated with various concentrations of EFE. Untreated cells served as controls. Supernatants were tested for estradiol production with an ELISA method. Furthermore, the effect of the EFE on ER/ER/PR expression was assessed by immunocytochemistry...
October 8, 2016: Nutrients
Katharina Vejdovszky, Verena Schmidt, Benedikt Warth, Doris Marko
SCOPE: The isoflavone genistein, present in soy-based food and dietary supplements, is known for its estrogenic potential. In addition to phytoestrogens, food may also contain mycotoxins with estrogenic properties like zearalenone or alternariol, raising the question on potential combinatory effects of these xenoestrogens. METHODS AND RESULTS: Combinatory estrogenic effects of genistein with zeralenone or alternariol were studied in the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line Ishikawa as expression of alkaline phosphatase (AlP) activity...
October 14, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Sankar Panneerselvam, Rajaa Muthu Packirisamy, Zachariah Bobby, Sajini Elizabeth Jacob, Magadi Gopalakrishna Sridhar
Obesity emerged as the major risk factor for metabolic syndrome. Postmenopausal women are more prone to develop obesity than premenopausal women. The absence of safe and effective conventional treatments for postmenopausal obesity has changed the focus to natural products as alternative remedy. We investigated the molecular basis of the effect of soy isoflavones (SIFs) on hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis in an animal model of postmenopausal obesity. Ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated Wistar rats were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) and normal diet for 8 weeks with and without SIF extract (150mg/kg body weight/day)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Ivonne M C M Rietjens, Jochem Louisse, Karsten Beekmann
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived dietary compounds with structural similarity to 17-β-estradiol (E2), the primary female sex hormone. This structural similarity to E2 enables phytoestrogens to cause (anti)estrogenic effects by binding to the estrogen receptors. The aim of the present review is to present a state-of-the-art overview of the the potential health effects of dietary phytoestrogens. Various beneficial health effects have been ascribed to phytoestrogens, such as a lowered risk on menopausal symptoms like hot flushes and osteoporosis, lowered risks on cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, brain function disorders, breast cancer, prostate cancer, bowel cancer and other cancers...
October 9, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
F Abdi, Z Alimoradi, P Haqi, F Mahdizad
INTRODUCTION: Menopause is associated with increased bone resorption and decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Phytoestrogens are believed to prevent bone loss. This study reviewed relevant randomized, controlled trials to determine the effects of phytoestrogens on BMD in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In order to perform this systematic review, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, and ProQuest databases were searched for articles published during 2005-2016...
October 6, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Jae-Seek You, In-A Cho, Kyeong-Rok Kang, Ji-Su Oh, Sang-Joun Yu, Gyeong-Je Lee, Yo-Seob Seo, Su-Gwan Kim, Chun Sung Kim, Do Kyung Kim, Hee-Jeong Im, Jae-Sung Kim
In the present study, we investigated the anti-catabolic effects of coumestrol, a phytoestrogen derived from herbal plants, against interleukin-1β-induced cartilage degeneration in primary rat chondrocytes and articular cartilage. Coumestrol did not affect the viability of human normal oral keratinocytes and primary rat chondrocytes treated for 24 h and 21 days, respectively. Although coumestrol did not significantly increase the proteoglycan contents in long-term culture, it abolished the interleukin-1β-induced loss of proteoglycans in primary rat chondrocytes and knee articular cartilage...
October 5, 2016: Inflammation
Hao Liu, Wei Li, Xiyuan Ge, Shengnan Jia, Binbin Li
AIMS: Puerarin is a phytoestrogen that shows osteogenic effects. Meanwhile, zinc stimulates bone formation and inhibits bone resorption. The study aims to investigate the effects of coadministration of puerarin (low dose) and zinc on bone formation in ovariectomized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Co-administration or use alone of puerarin (low dose) and/or zinc were gavaged in OVX rats. The estrogen-like effects were detected by the uterus weight, the histologic observation and the IGF-1 protein expression...
September 29, 2016: Life Sciences
Shigeru Yonekubo, Nobuhiko Fushimi, Takashi Miyagi, Osamu Nakanishi, Kenji Katsuno, Motoyasu Ozawa, Chiaki Handa, Noritaka Furuya, Hideyuki Muranaka
The estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) selective agonist is considered a promising candidate for the treatment of estrogen deficiency symptoms in ERβ-expressing tissues, without the risk of breast cancer, and multiple classes of compounds have been reported as ERβ selective agonists. Among them, 6-6 bicyclic ring-containing structures (e.g., isoflavone phytoestrogens) are regarded as one of the cyclized analogues of isobutestrol 5b, and suggest that other cyclized scaffolds comprising 5-6 bicyclic rings could also act as selective ERβ ligands...
September 20, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Qiang Zhang, Hongliang Feng, Bakare Qluwakemi, Jiaqi Wang, Songpo Yao, Guangdong Cheng, Hui Xu, Hongbin Qiu, Liling Zhu, Mingxia Yuan
This updated meta-analysis was performed to clarify the relationship between phytoestrogens and prostate cancer risk. Twenty one case-control and two cohort studies were finally selected for this meta-analysis, totaling 11,346 cases and 140,177 controls. Analytical results showed that daidzein (OR = 0.85; 95% CI: 0.75-0.96), genistein (OR = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78-0.98), and glycitein (OR = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.81-0.98) were associated with a reduction of prostate cancer risk, but total isoflavones (OR = 0...
August 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Pimchanok Busayapongchai, Sineenat Siri
With growing interests of phytoestrogens, many natural phytochemicals extracted from diverse plant species have been explored for their estrogenic-like activities and potential applications. In this work, a simple and rapid separation of phytoestrogenic compounds from crude plant extracts was purposed using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) of Fe3O4 immobilized with the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα). The recombinant LBD-ERα peptide of 40 kDa was produced and subsequently covalently linked to MNPs...
September 28, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Sun Ae Kim, Kyung Young Lee, Jae-Ryong Kim, Hyoung Chul Choi
The prevalence rate of cardiovascular disease is higher for males than females, and estradiol (E2) induces AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation, which is known to regulate proliferation of VSMC. We identified the estrogenic properties of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA, a lignan phytoestrogen) that inhibit VSMC proliferation and explored the underlying mechanisms. Both the phosphorylation and expression of LKB1 were increased by NDGA. In addition, NDGA significantly attenuated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced VSMC proliferation...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
María F Andreoli, Cora Stoker, María F Rossetti, Gisela P Lazzarino, Enrique H Luque, Jorge G Ramos
Removing dietary phytoestrogens causes obesity and diabetes in adult male rats. Based on the facts that hypothalamic food intake control is disrupted in phytoestrogen-deprived animals and that several steroids affect food intake, we hypothesized that phytoestrogen withdrawal alters the expression of hypothalamic steroidogenic enzymes. Male Wistar rats fed with a high-phytoestrogen diet from conception to adulthood were subjected to phytoestrogen withdrawal by feeding them a low-phytoestrogen diet or a high-phytoestrogen, high-fat diet...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
Panida Loutchanwoot, Tina Vortherms, Hubertus Jarry
AIMS: Previous research has revealed that puerarin, the major phytoestrogen in tuberous roots of Pueraria lobota and Pueraria mirifica, acts as a selective estrogen receptor modulator that displays predominantly estrogenic potential for health benefit. However, little is known about the estrogenic potency of puerarin in pituitary, especially in the rat model of postmenopausal females. MAIN METHODS: Plasma prolactin and growth hormone levels as well as mRNA expression levels of pituitary estrogen-regulated genes, such as estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ), truncated ER product-1 (TERP-1) and -2 (TERP-2) and gonadotropin alpha subunit, were examined using radioimmunoassay and TaqMan® real-time PCR, respectively...
September 8, 2016: Life Sciences
Alicia López-Biedma, Cristina Sánchez-Quesada, Gabriel Beltrán, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, José J Gaforio
BACKGROUND: Consumption of virgin olive oil (VOO) has been associated with a low breast cancer incidence. Pinoresinol is a phytoestrogen that is typically found in VOO. Considering the role of oestrogen in breast cancer development and progression, we investigated the potential antitumor activity of pinoresinol in breast cancer cells. METHODS: To address this question, we treated MDA-MB-231 (oestrogen receptor [ER] negative) and MCF7 (ER+) human breast tumour cells and MCF10A human mammary epithelial cells (ER-) with different concentrations of pinoresinol...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Taylor Roh, Sung Won Kim, Soung Hoon Moon, Myeong Jin Nam
Genistein (GEN), a natural isoflavonoid phytoestrogen, has anti-cancer activity against various types of cancers. However, GEN has not been thoroughly investigated in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-cancer effects of GEN on SNU-449 cells. GEN inhibited the proliferation of SNU-449 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. We observed the typical characteristics of apoptosis, such as DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activation. To identify proteins related to GEN-induced apoptosis, we performed two-dimensional electrophoresis and identified differentially expressed proteins...
September 3, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Akram Ahangarpour, Seyedeh Asma Najimi, Yaghoob Farbood
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with the loss of endocrine function. In this study, Vitex agnus-castus (Vitex), which has antioxidant effects and high levels of phytoestrogen, was investigated with regard to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and antioxidant indices in natural aging and in a d-galactose induced aging model in female mice. METHODS: The mice were subcutaneously injected with d-galactose (500 mg/kg/d for 45 days). Extract of Vitex (600 mg/kg/bid for 7 days by gavage) was used to treat d-galactose-induced aging and natural aging in mice...
August 29, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Xueyan Chen, Ugur Uzuner, Man Li, Weibing Shi, Joshua S Yuan, Susie Y Dai
Endocrine disrupters include a broad spectrum of chemicals such as industrial chemicals, natural estrogens and androgens, synthetic estrogens and androgens. Phytoestrogens are widely present in diet and food supplements; mycoestrogens are frequently found in grains. As human beings and animals are commonly exposed to phytoestrogens and mycoestrogens in diet and environment, it is important to understand the potential beneficial or hazardous effects of estrogenic compounds. Many bioassays have been established to study the binding of estrogenic compounds with estrogen receptor (ER) and provided rich data in the literature...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Zhuo Chen, Suixin Liu, Ying Cai, Kangling Xie, Wenliang Zhang, Lei Dong, Yuan Liu, Fan Zheng, Yaoshan Dun, Ning Li
Abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) has been implicated in intimal hyperplasia, atherosclerosis and restenosis following percutaneous coronary intervention. Formononetin, a phytoestrogen extracted from the root of Astragalus membranaceus, has been widely used in Chinese tradition medicine due to its protective effects against certain symptoms of cancer, hypertension, inflammation, hypoxia-induced cytotoxicity and ovariectomy-induced bone loss. However, the effect of formononetin on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs, as well as the underlying molecular mechanism, remains largely unclear...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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