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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118996/prevalence-and-correlates-of-hiv-testing-and-hiv-positive-status-in-the-us-results-from-the-national-epidemiological-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii-nesarc-iii
#1
Carlos Blanco, Melanie M Wall, Wilson M Compton, Shoshana Kahana, Tianshu Feng, Tulshi Saha, Jennifer C Elliott, H Irene Hall, Bridget F Grant
We used the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (NESARC-III), a nationally representative sample of US adults (n = 34,653), to estimate the prevalence and correlates of HIV testing and HIV status. The diagnostic interview used was the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-5 Version. We found that in 2012-2013, the prevalence of a history of HIV testing was 53.0% among females and 47.0% among males. Among individuals tested, the prevalence of HIV was 1...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118632/profiles-of-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-past-and-current-united-states-military-personnel-latent-profile-analysis-of-current-risk-factors
#2
Nicholas P Allan, Jill Holm-Denoma, Kenneth R Conner, Kelly L Zuromski, Kevin G Saulnier, Tracy Stecker
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered approaches are underutilized to identify people with shared risk profiles. METHODS: An at-risk sample of 773 past/current military personnel (Mage = 31.3 years, SD = 6.8) with current ideation (90.6%) and/or a prior suicide attempt (43.9%) were assessed using latent profile analysis. Variables included prior suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, alcohol/drug use, insomnia, depression, belongingness, burdensomeness, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114674/positive-heavy-drinking-attitude-mediates-the-association-between-college-alcohol-beliefs-and-alcohol-related-outcomes
#3
Angelo M DiBello, Mary Beth Miller, Kate B Carey
College alcohol beliefs and personal attitudes about alcohol use are important predictors of alcohol use and related problems both cross-sectionally and over time. However, little work has examined these constructs together and how they may influence one another in predicting various alcohol related outcomes over time. The current study aimed to evaluate one's attitude toward heavy drinking as a mediator of the association between college alcohol beliefs and drinking related outcomes over a 12-month period of time...
August 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114006/prevalence-of-five-health-related-behaviors-for-chronic-disease-prevention-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-adults-25-u-s-states-and-guam-2016
#4
Timothy J Cunningham, Fang Xu, Machell Town
In recent decades, public health awareness of health disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations has increased (1). Healthy People 2020 included objectives to improve health of LGBT persons.† Five key health-related behaviors were found to be likely associated with reduced all-cause mortality: never smoking, performing regular physical activity, consuming no or moderate amounts of alcohol, having a normal body weight, and obtaining sufficient sleep daily (2). CDC estimated these five health-related behaviors among adults aged ≥21 years by sexual orientation and transgender status using data from the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 25 U...
August 17, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113144/development-and-validation-of-the-korean-diabetes-risk-score-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#5
Kyoung Hwa Ha, Yong Ho Lee, Sun Ok Song, Jae Woo Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Kyung Hee Cho, Dae Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: A diabetes risk score in Korean adults was developed and validated. METHODS: This study used the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) of 359,349 people without diabetes at baseline to derive an equation for predicting the risk of developing diabetes, using Cox proportional hazards regression models. External validation was conducted using data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Calibration and discrimination analyses were performed separately for men and women in the development and validation datasets...
July 6, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112441/total-fluid-intake-and-the-risk-of-recurrence-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Sylvia H J Jochems, Frits H M van Osch, Raoul C Reulen, Mitch van Hensbergen, Duncan Nekeman, Sarah J Pirrie, Anke Wesselius, Frederik J van Schooten, Nicholas D James, D Michael A Wallace, Richard T Bryan, K K Cheng, Maurice P Zeegers
Objectives: To investigate the role of fluid intake from beverages before and after a diagnosis of bladder cancer in relation to the risk of developing bladder cancer recurrence. Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: 716 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), who received transurethral resection of a primary bladder tumour (TURBT) and completed self-administrated questionnaires on usual fluid intake from beverages at time of diagnosis (over the year before diagnosis) and during follow-up (over the year after diagnosis), were included...
July 30, 2018: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110077/relationship-between-premenstrual-syndrome-and-basic-personality-traits-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hülya Arslantaş, Filiz Abacigil, Şule Çinakli
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have investigated premenstrual syndrome and related factors, there is still only a limited number of studies investigating the relationship between premenstrual syndrome and basic personality traits. This study was conducted to investigate the association between premenstrual syndrome and basic personality traits among university students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study conducted in a city in western Turkey...
August 13, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104485/diet-related-risk-factors-for-incident-hypertension-during-an-11-year-follow-up-the-korean-genome-epidemiology-study
#8
Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park
Using long-term follow-up cohort data from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, we assessed the dietary risk factors for incident hypertension (HTN). In total, 6792 subjects (3300 males and 3492 females) aged 40⁻69 years were included in the study. Physician-diagnosed HTN self-reported by the participants was used as the outcome. Daily intake of 20 food groups was assessed while using a dish-based semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. After controlling for known risk factors, the food groups that were most closely associated with HTN were identified by forward stepwise selection while using the Cox proportional hazards model...
August 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103144/determination-of-the-formation-rate-of-phosphatidylethanol-by-phospholipase-d-pld-in-blood-and-test-of-two-selective-pld-inhibitors
#9
Alexandra Schröck, Anna Henzi, Peter Bütikofer, Stefan König, Wolfgang Weinmann
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is an alcohol biomarker formed from phosphatidylcholine (PC) by the enzyme phospholipase D (PLD) in the presence of ethanol. A drinking study revealed individual differences in maximum PEth levels after drinking to a targeted blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.1%. This seemed to be due to different PLD activities in the tested persons. Furthermore, post-sampling formation of PEth occurred in blood samples, still containing alcohol. Therefore, a standardized in vitro test for measuring individual PEth formation rates was developed...
March 20, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103120/polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-exposure-and-cardiovascular-endocrine-and-metabolic-diseases-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-a-north-italian-highly-polluted-area
#10
Elena Raffetti, Francesco Donato, Fabrizio Speziani, Carmelo Scarcella, Alice Gaia, Michele Magoni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has been linked to the onset of cardiovascular, endocrine, and metabolic diseases, but no conclusive evidence has been provided so far. A chemical factory produced PCBs from 1938 to 1984 in Brescia (North Italy) resulting in environmental contamination and human exposure. We aimed to evaluate the association between PCB serum levels and subsequent incidence of chronic diseases through a prospective cohort study design. METHODS: Based on surveys conducted in Brescia province between 2001 and 2013, a cohort of 1331 subjects with at least one measure of PCB serum levels during the period was selected and followed longitudinally...
August 10, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102109/parent-depressive-symptoms-and-offspring-executive-functioning
#11
Elizabeth Craun, Kathryn Lachance, Catherine Williams, Maria M Wong
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has found mixed results when assessing the association between a parent's history of depressive symptoms and a child's abilities on measures of executive functioning. The purpose of this study was to replicate and expand upon these findings by evaluating the influence of a parent's depressive symptoms on a young person's executive functioning. METHOD: As part of a larger study, 135 children (54.8% female, aged 8-12) and one biological parent completed diagnostic screening interviews...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102059/homeless-people-in-le%C3%A3-n-nicaragua-conceptualizing-and-measuring-homelessness-in-a-developing-country
#12
José Juan Vázquez, Alberto E Berríos, Enrique Bonilla, Alexia C Suarez
Homelessness is a global phenomenon that affects groups in situations of poverty and social exclusion, in both developed and developing nations. However, the scientific literature on homeless people in developing countries is scant. This work shows the difficulties defining homelessness and examines the necessary criteria for who will be deemed a homeless person in a developing country. Furthermore, the results of the Point-In-Time (PIT) count of homeless people-a measure of the number of homeless people on a specific day-done in the city of León, Nicaragua (population: 185,000)...
August 13, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101458/a-comparative-study-of-subsequent-liver-cirrhosis-risk-in-non-helicobacter-pylori-infected-peptic-ulcer-patients-with-and-without-vagotomy-an-asian-population-cohort-study
#13
Shih-Chi Wu, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chung Y Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Hepatic parasympathetic nerves branch off the vagus nerve. The vagal and hepatic nervous systems are important in liver physiological processes and some diseases such as diabetes, obesity and liver cirrhosis. We were interested in vagal nerve integrity and subsequent diseases in peptic ulcer patients. Herein, we used National Health Insurance database in Taiwan and retrospectively assessed the risk of developing liver cirrhosis in peptic ulcer patients with and without complications by surgical treatments...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099968/real-world-data-reveal-a-diagnostic-gap-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Myriam Alexander, A Katrina Loomis, Jolyon Fairburn-Beech, Johan van der Lei, Talita Duarte-Salles, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, David Ansell, Alessandro Pasqua, Francesco Lapi, Peter Rijnbeek, Mees Mosseveld, Paul Avillach, Peter Egger, Stuart Kendrick, Dawn M Waterworth, Naveed Sattar, William Alazawi
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease worldwide. It affects an estimated 20% of the general population, based on cohort studies of varying size and heterogeneous selection. However, the prevalence and incidence of recorded NAFLD diagnoses in unselected real-world health-care records is unknown. We harmonised health records from four major European territories and assessed age- and sex-specific point prevalence and incidence of NAFLD over the past decade...
August 13, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097737/aggression-among-216-patients-with-a-first-psychotic-episode-of-bipolar-i-disorder
#15
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Ross J Baldessarini, Mauricio Tohen, Paola Salvatore
BACKGROUND: Aggression by patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) is not uncommon. Identifying potential risk factors early in the illness-course should inform clinical management and reduce risk. METHODS: In a study sample of 216 initially hospitalized, first-psychotic episode subjects diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR BD-I, we identified recent (within 1 month before hospitalization) aggression by ratings on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded and review of detailed clinical research records...
August 11, 2018: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097023/social-relationships-in-adolescence-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-youth-to-midlife-in-finland-and-sweden-examining-the-role-of-individual-contextual-and-temporal-factors
#16
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Christopher G Bean, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen, Anne Hammarström
BACKGROUND: Applying the Process-Person-Context-Time (PPCT) model of the bioecological theory, this study considers whether proximal processes between the individual and the microsystem (social relationships within family, peer group and school) during adolescence are associated with heavy episodic drinking (HED), from youth to midlife, and whether the macro level context (country) plays a role in these associations. METHODS: Participants of two prospective cohort studies from Finland and Sweden, recruited in 1983/1981 at age 16 (n = 2194/1080), were followed-up until their forties using postal questionnaires...
August 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096637/effect-of-electronic-screening-and-brief-intervention-on-hazardous-or-harmful-drinking-among-adults-in-the-hospital-outpatient-setting-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#17
Natalie A Johnson, Kypros Kypri, John B Saunders, Richard Saitz, John Attia, Joanna Latter, Patrick McElduff, Adrian Dunlop, Christopher Doran, Luke Wolfenden, Jim McCambridge
BACKGROUND: Most trials of electronic alcohol screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) have been conducted in young people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of e-SBI in adults with hazardous or harmful drinking. METHODS: This individually randomized, parallel, two-group, double-blind controlled trial was conducted in the outpatient department of a large public hospital in Australia. Consenting adults who scored 5-9 on the AUDIT-C (837/3225; 26%) were randomized in a 1:1 ratio by computer to screening alone (442/837; 53%) or to 10 min of assessment and personalized feedback on their alcohol consumption (comparisons with medical guidelines and age and sex-specific norms), peak blood alcohol concentration, expenditure on alcohol, and risk of alcohol dependence (395/837; 47%)...
August 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091823/craving-cortisol-and-behavioral-alcohol-motivation-responses-to-stress-and-alcohol-cue-contexts-and-discrete-cues-in-binge-and-non-binge-drinkers
#18
Sara K Blaine, Nisheet Nautiyal, Rachel Hart, J B Guarnaccia, Rajita Sinha
Alcohol use disorders are associated with high craving and disruption of stress biology, but their role in behavioral alcohol motivation is less clear. We examined the effects of craving and cortisol responses on behavioral alcohol motivation to stress, alcohol cue and neutral-relaxing context cues, in addition to discrete alcohol cues, in demographically matched binge/heavy (BH) and moderate (MD) social drinkers. Subjects participated in a 3-day laboratory experiment of provocation by three personalized guided imagery contexts and discrete alcohol cues followed by the 'alcohol taste test' (ATT) to assess behavioral motivation, as measured by ATT intake...
August 9, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088294/predictors-of-initiation-of-nicotine-alcohol-cannabis-and-cocaine-use-results-of-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-nesarc
#19
Carlos Blanco, Ludwing Flórez-Salamanca, Roberto Secades-Villa, Shuai Wang, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There may be substantial overlap in the risk factors for substance use and substance use disorders (SUD). Identifying risk factors for substance use initiation is essential for understanding the etiology and natural history of SUD and to develop empirically-based preventive interventions to reduce initiation. METHODS: Analyses were done on Wave 1 participants of the National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) (n = 43,093)...
August 7, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087251/variables-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-and-abstinence-among-young-adults-in-central-china
#20
Ling Qian, Ian M Newman, Lok-Wa Yuen, Duane F Shell, Jingdong Xu
This paper presents a descriptive analysis of data gathered by personal interviews from a multistage random sample of 1640 residents aged 18⁻34 years in Wuhan, China. First, alcohol drinkers and abstainers were compared based on demographic, attitude, and belief variables. Next, the drinkers from the sample were classified into four groups based on frequency-quantity of alcohol use, and the frequency-quantity groups were compared on the same variables. For Abstainers versus Drinkers, we found no difference by age or gender in this sample...
August 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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