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Megan L Rogers, Matthew E Schneider, Anna R Gai, Julia Y Gorday, Thomas E Joiner
Suicide is more highly stigmatized than most mental health conditions; however, no interventions have aimed to modify the stigma of suicide in the general population. This study tested the efficacy of two brief web-based interventions-psychoeducation and interpersonal exposure-in reducing suicide-related stigma in a student/community sample. A sample of 266 adults completed baseline measures of suicide-related stigma, were randomized into one of three conditions (psychoeducation, interpersonal exposure, control), in which they browsed an assigned website for twenty minutes, and completed post-intervention and one-month follow-up stigma measures...
August 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Imogen N Clark, Jeanette D Tamplin, Felicity A Baker
The progression of dementia can severely compromise interpersonal connection and relationship quality between people living with dementia (PwD) and their family caregivers (FCG), leading to social isolation and poor quality of life for both. Therapeutic group singing (TGS) is a socially engaging, stimulating, and supportive pursuit that community-dwelling PwD and their FCG can participate in together. This study aimed to build on the findings from previous research by undertaking a thematic analysis of interviews with nine PwD (five women, four men; mean age = 79...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Lina Nassri, Isabell Schneider, Petra Maria Gaum, Jessica Lang
OBJECTIVES: To identify approaches for an effective patient-centred care of depressed employees, we investigated occupational physicians' (OPs) and psychotherapists' (PTs) knowledge about job stressors on the development of depression, application of this knowledge, interdisciplinary cooperation and perceived barriers. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. PARTICIPANTS: OPs (163; 48.5% male) and PTs (69; 43.5% male) providing complete data on the survey out of 257 OPs and 112 PTs who started the survey...
August 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Sara D'Amario, Helena Daffern, Freya Bailes
Research suggests that synchronization between musicians during ensemble performances can be affected by the rhythmic or tonal complexity of the piece being performed and by group roles such as leader-follower relationships. Since previous studies have mostly been conducted within single performance sessions, developmental aspects of interpersonal synchronization in ensembles remain underinvestigated. This longitudinal study followed a newly formed singing ensemble from initial rehearsals to the performance stage in order to investigate the evolution of synchronization between advanced singing students during a university term of study in relation to the musical content of the piece and leader-follower relationships...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Lisa E Ishii, Jason C Nellis, Kofi Boahene, Patrick Byrne, Masaru Ishii
Facial expression is of critical importance in interpersonal interactions. Thus, patients with impaired facial expression due to facial paralysis experience impaired social interactions. Numerous studies have shown that patients with facial paralysis and impaired facial expression suffer social consequences as demonstrated by being rated negatively with regards to attractiveness, affect display, and other traits. This has been demonstrated subjectively and objectively. Fortunately, reconstructive surgeries that restore the ability to express emotion can restore normalcy in these patients...
August 10, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Ashley Rankin, CaSandra Swearingen-Stanborough, Douglas A Granger, Jennifer Byrd-Craven
Attunement, or synchrony, of behavior and physiology has been well documented in family, mother-child, and romantic relationships. This study aimed to determine whether attunement of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis occurs in women's close friendships, and the role of a common social style, co-rumination in that attunement. Saliva samples (later assayed for cortisol) were collected from 37 dyads (74 individuals) during a laboratory task in which they were either asked to work together toward a common goal (control task) or discuss interpersonal problems, providing opportunity for co-rumination...
July 26, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Anthony J Rosellini, Murray B Stein, David M Benedek, Paul D Bliese, Wai Tat Chiu, Irving Hwang, John Monahan, Matthew K Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Amy E Street, Alan M Zaslavsky, Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Preventing suicides, mental disorders, and noncombat-related interpersonal violence during deployment are priorities of the US Army. We used predeployment survey and administrative data to develop actuarial models to identify soldiers at high risk of these outcomes during combat deployment. METHODS: The models were developed in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) Pre-Post Deployment Study, a panel study of soldiers deployed to Afghanistan in 2012-2013...
August 13, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Dale Spencer, Laura M Funk, Rachel V Herron, Emily Gerbrandt, Lisette Dansereau
One topic rarely addressed in the literature on older adults and interpersonal violence is the violence that can be experienced by family carers in relationship with a person living with cognitive impairment. This violence tends to remain hidden and is rarely framed as intimate partner violence. We examine how situations of intimidation and violence invoked fear in family carers and how they interpreted and reacted to these circum- stances. Interview and diary data were collected from family members who had previously or were currently experiencing some form of aggression in caring for someone with cognitive impairment or dementia...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Neha Madhiwalla, Rakhi Ghoshal, Padmaja Mavani, Nobhojit Roy
This paper draws on findings from a qualitative study of two government hospitals in Mumbai, India, which aimed to provide a better understanding of the institutional drivers of disrespect and abuse (D&A) in childbirth. The paper describes the structural context, in which government hospital providers can exercise considerable power over patients, yet may be themselves vulnerable to violence and external influence. Decisions that affect care are made by a bureaucracy, which does not perceive problems with the same intensity as providers who are directly attending to patients...
August 13, 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Lisa Liebke, Georgia Koppe, Melanie Bungert, Janine Thome, Sophie Hauschild, Nadine Defiebre, Natalie A Izurieta Hidalgo, Christian Schmahl, Martin Bohus, Stefanie Lis
Anxious preoccupation with real or imagined abandonment is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Recent experimental research suggests that patients with BPD do not simply show emotional overreactivity to rejection. Instead, they experience reduced connectedness with others in situations of social inclusion. Resulting consequences of these features on social behavior are not investigated yet. The aim of the present study was to investigate the differential impact of social acceptance and rejection on social expectations and subsequent social behavior in BPD...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Rosemary B Hughes, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rebecca Goe, Michelle Schwartz, Lisa Cesal, Kimberly B Garner, Katie Arnold, Tina Hunt, Katherine E McDonald
People with intellectual disability experience disproportionately high rates of interpersonal violence (IPV) due, in part, to disability-related risks that often can be minimized through targeted intervention. In this article, we describe using an academic and community participatory research approach to develop and test the feasibility of an accessible IPV prevention program for people with intellectual disability. The Safety Class, which is an interactive, structured, eight-session, weekly face-to-face group program, was found feasible for implementation in an efficacy study...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Sedigheh Ebrahimi, Zahra Kargar
Background: Occupational stress and its related psychological strain is a concern among resident doctors that may affect patient care adversely. Residents face many stresses because of their high job demands in delivery of hospital care. They are often subject to work load and pressure due to direct involvement with patients, prolonged working hours, poor job opportunities and low support. Their multiple educational and clinical roles can also affect their performance and quality of personal or professional life...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Paul Smokowski, Rosalie Corona, Martica Bacallao, Beverly L Fortson, Khiya J Marshall, Anna Yaros
Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of family-based programs for reducing adolescent risk behaviors and promoting adolescent health; however, parent engagement, specifically in terms of recruitment and retention, remains a consistent challenge. Recruitment rates for family-based prevention programs range from 3 to 35%, while, on average, 28% of caregivers drop out before program completion. Thus, engagement of parents in prevention programming is of utmost concern to ensure families and youth benefit from implementation of family-based programs...
September 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Anna Robinson
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) report painful experiences through emotional misunderstandings with typically developing peers. There are limited intervention methodologies for ASD on the impact of emotional injuries and how to work with resulting trauma. This paper presents a rational-empirical model of trauma-related experiences with the first presentation of a new case conceptualization model for emotion-focused therapy for ASD. It describes the transformation of problematic emotion schemes through a sequence of emotional processing steps illustrated with a case example...
2018: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
Kim Van Orden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Kathryn M Roeder, David A Cole
OBJECTIVE: Based on Beck's hopelessness model (Beck, Kovacs, & Weissman, Journal of the American Medical Association, 234, 1975, 1146) and Joiner's (Why people die by suicide, 2005, Harvard University Press, Boston, MA) interpersonal theory of suicide, this study simultaneously examined three cognitive risk factors (hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness) as predictors of suicide ideation. METHOD: The study focused on high school and college students (ns = 192 and 142, respectively), assessed twice 4 months apart...
August 11, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Valerie Freeman
This study continues a project on speech-based impressions of early-implanted cochlear implant (CI) users. It examined relationships between listeners' attitudes or personal traits and how they judged CI users upon hearing their speech. College students with typical hearing (TH) listened to speech samples from CI users and TH young adults and rated the speakers' personalities and attractiveness as friends. CI users varied in speech intelligibility (proportion of words recognized by transcribers in prior work)...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Yu Wang, Shanshan Zhao, Xu Liu, Yumin Zheng, Lei Li, Su Meng
OBJECTIVE: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder which significantly impacts the quality of people's life. Oxytocin is a hormone impacting the social cognition and interpersonal trust. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of oxytocin in autism. METHODS: Autistic mice models were established by valproate. Animal behaviors were assessed by open field test, tail suspension test, marble burying test and three-chamber social interaction test. Oxidative stress was evaluated by the levels or activities of malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathion peroxidase, reduced glutathione and reactive oxygen species...
August 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Nira Liberman, Reuven Dar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years we have proposed and investigated the Seeking Proxies for Internal States (SPIS) model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which postulates that deficient access to internal states is a key feature of the disorder. According to this model, rules and rituals that often characterize people with OCD can be understood as proxies for deficiently accessible internal states. Here we compliment this earlier experimental work by examining whether reliance on proxies for internal states in everyday life is associated with OCD...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Donna M Zulman, Colin W O'Brien, Cindie Slightam, Jessica Y Breland, David Krauth, Andrea L Nevedal
BACKGROUND: Intensive outpatient programs address the complex medical, social, and behavioral needs of individuals who account for disproportionate healthcare costs. Despite their promise, the impact of these programs is often diminished due to patient engagement challenges (i.e., low rates of patient participation and partnership in care). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify intensive outpatient program features and strategies that increase high-need patient engagement in these programs...
August 10, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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