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Marie Hamilton Larsen, Kåre Birger Hagen, Anne Lene Krogstad, Astrid Klopstad Wahl
BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis face numerous treatment and self-management decisions. Shared decision making is a novel approach where patients' preferences and values are considered in cooperation with healthcare professionals before making treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to explore what is illuminated in psoriasis research regarding shared decision making, and to estimate the effects of shared decision-making interventions in this context...
October 15, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Abbie Jordan, Melanie Noel, Line Caes, Hannah Connell, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Introduction: Although the pediatric pain literature has explored the role of developmental factors in young children's acute pain, relatively less is known about specific developmental challenges in adolescents with chronic pain. Objectives: To meet this knowledge gap, this study sought to adopt an idiographic phenomenological approach to examine how adolescents make sense of their own development in the context of living with chronic pain. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with ten adolescents (12-17 years; 7 females) recruited from a tertiary care pain treatment programme...
September 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Johannes C Eichstaedt, Robert J Smith, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar, Patrick Crutchley, Daniel Preoţiuc-Pietro, David A Asch, H Andrew Schwartz
Depression, the most prevalent mental illness, is underdiagnosed and undertreated, highlighting the need to extend the scope of current screening methods. Here, we use language from Facebook posts of consenting individuals to predict depression recorded in electronic medical records. We accessed the history of Facebook statuses posted by 683 patients visiting a large urban academic emergency department, 114 of whom had a diagnosis of depression in their medical records. Using only the language preceding their first documentation of a diagnosis of depression, we could identify depressed patients with fair accuracy [area under the curve (AUC) = 0...
October 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Alena Pařízková, Jette Aaroe Clausen
BACKGROUND: Women and midwives travel long distances, or abroad, to receive or provide birth services. Travel for birth services is not represented in the existing literature, despite the wide scale research available on medical travel. AIM: We explored the perspectives of women who were seeking better services outside their places of residence and midwives who travel to provide these services. METHOD: We followed a qualitative descriptive approach...
October 12, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Brittany Jamieson
Inadequate prenatal care utilization has been proposed as a mechanism between exposure to violence during pregnancy and adverse maternal and fetal obstetric outcomes. Adequate prenatal care is important for identifying and treating obstetric complications as they arise and connecting pregnant women to supports and interventions as needed. There is some evidence that pregnant women experiencing relational violence may delay or never enter prenatal care, though this association has not been systematically or quantitatively synthesized...
October 15, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Su Woan Wo, Lai Choo Ong, Wah Yun Low, Pauline Siew Mei Lai
Because of the nature of epilepsy, and the unpredictability of seizure recurrence, epilepsy requires long-term treatment with medications. As a consequence, epilepsy has a negative pervasive impact in children with epilepsy (CWE), and their parents. Hence, our aim was to explore the needs and challenges of parents and their CWE. In-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted with 15 families (12 mothers and 3 fathers) and 15 CWE (aged 8-18 years). Data were transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed using the descriptive phenomenology approach...
October 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Jennie C De Gagne, Katherine Hall, Jamie L Conklin, Sandra S Yamane, Noelle Wyman Roth, Jianhong Chang, Sang Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Although misuse of social networking sites, particularly Twitter, has occurred, little is known about the prevalence, content, and characteristics of uncivil tweets posted by nurses and nursing students. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of tweets posted by nurses and nursing students on Twitter with a focus on cyberincivility. METHOD: A cross-sectional, data-mining study was held from February through April 2017...
September 15, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Ruina Dai, Ran Liu, Tao Liu, Zong Zhang, Xiang Xiao, Peipei Sun, Xiaoting Yu, Dahui Wang, Chaozhe Zhu
Interpersonal sensorimotor synchronization (interpersonal SMS) is the foundation of complex human social interaction. Previous studies primarily focused on the individual cognitive processes of interpersonal SMS. However, all individuals compose an entire interaction system with emerged holistic properties during interpersonal SMS. Therefore, we proposed the `holistic cognitive and neural processes' of interpersonal SMS and defined quantitative measurements that included Holistic Correction Gain (HCG), Holistic Timekeeper Variance (HTV) and Holistic Motor Variance (HMV) based on linear error correction model and inter-brain couplings obtained by hyperscanning technique...
October 13, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Duncan R Cranendonk, Floor Hugenholtz, Jan M Prins, Paul H M Savelkoul, Andries E Budding, W Joost Wiersinga
Background: The skin microbiota plays a key role in the pathogenesis of several skin diseases, but its role in cellulitis remains unknown. We investigated the skin microbiota in patients with cellulitis, studied whether its analysis could help determine the causative pathogen, and explored whether skin microbiota composition was associated with clinical outcomes. Methods: We prospectively included 58 patients hospitalized for cellulitis. Skin swabs obtained from the lesion sites were compared with swabs from identical sites on the contralateral unaffected limbs and with swabs obtained from 19 age- and sex-matched control subjects without cellulitis...
October 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Belay Erchafo, Tesfamichael Alaro, Gebeyehu Tsega, Ayinengida Adamu, Kiddus Yitbarek, Yibeltal Siraneh, Meaza Hailu, Mirkuzie Woldie
BACKGROUND: Quality of service provision in health facilities is fundamental to ensure effective care. However, women's actual experience of care is often neglected. OBJECTIVE: To assess perceived quality of institutional delivery services and associated factors among women who delivered in public health facilities of Southwest Ethiopia. METHOD: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in three districts of Jimma zone, Southwestern Ethiopia, from February 29 to March 20, 2016...
2018: PloS One
Luisa Kcomt
Transgender people experience interpersonal and structural barriers which prevent them from accessing culturally and medically competent health care. This rapid systematic review examined the prevalence of health-care discrimination among transgender people in the U.S. and drew comparisons with sexual minority samples and the general U.S. population. Eight primary studies with 35 prevalence estimates were analyzed. Transgender populations experience profound rates of discrimination within the U.S. health-care system...
October 15, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
Adam Bryant Miller, Mitchell J Prinstein, Emily Munier, Laura S Machlin, Margaret A Sheridan
Failures in emotion regulation, especially as a result of interpersonal stress, are implicated as transdiagnostic risk factors for psychopathology. This study examines the effects of an experimentally timed targeted interpersonal rejection on emotion reactivity and regulation in typically developing adolescent girls. Girls ( N = 33, ages 9-16 years, M = 12.47, SD = 2.20) underwent fMRI involving a widely used emotion regulation task. The emotion task involves looking at negative stimuli and using cognitive reappraisal strategies to decrease reactions to negative stimuli...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Rachel S T Low, Nickola C Overall, Emily J Cross, Annette M E Henderson
How does emotion regulation in one social context spillover to functioning in another? We investigate this novel question by drawing upon recent evidence that 3 categories underpin the most commonly assessed emotion regulation strategies: disengagement, aversive cognitive perseveration, and adaptive engagement. We examine how these emotion regulation categories during marital conflict are associated with conflict resolution and assess the associated implications for functioning during a subsequent family activity...
October 15, 2018: Emotion
Sarah E Martiny, Jana Nikitin
Research has shown that social identity threat can have a broad variety of negative consequences. However, not much is known about the consequences of social identity threat on interpersonal relationships. In the present research, we hypothesize that experiencing social identity threat decreases people's social approach motivation toward other people related to the stereotyped domain. Specifically, we manipulated social identity threat by activating negative stereotypes about women in math. As math is an important aspect of the academic self-concept, female university students who are confronted with a negative math stereotype should experience threat toward their identity as university students...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
Christopher J Hopwood, Evan W Good
OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal dysfunction is an important marker of individual differences in personality and well-being. Existing research on interpersonal dysfunction focuses primarily on the problematic behaviors of individuals without considering how sensitivity to others' behavior impacts functioning. In this study, we test the structure and correlates of a model of relationship dysfunction that integrates the problems individuals bring to relationships with their sensitivities to others' behavior...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Personality
Zeynab Khajian Gelogahi, Nahid Aghebati, Seyed Reza Mazloum, Samira Mohajer
One of the important aspects of recovering after bypass surgery is mental disorders of patients. Despite the importance of intentional presence in interpersonal interactive space in holistic nursing, a few experimental and clinical trial studies are conducted on this subject. This study determines the effect of intentional presence of a holistic nurse on anxiety, stress, and depression in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The study used a randomized clinical trial conducted on 80 patients referred to heart surgery department from March 2016 to June 2017, who were allocated to the control and intervention groups randomly...
November 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Berit Lindahl, Sue Kirk
AIM: To analyse and synthesise the research that has investigated the experience of home in relation to home mechanical ventilation (HMV). METHOD: Systematic integrative review. Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge) were searched between January 2010 and April 2017 as well as reference lists of included studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies meeting the inclusion criteria were critically appraised. Study findings were inductively analysed and synthesised using the integrative approach...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Redempta Mbatia, Jessica Cohen, Martin Zuakulu, Appolinary Bukuku, Shikha Chandarana, Eliudi Eliakimu, Sisty Moshi, Elysia Larson
Background: Poor health system experiences negatively affect the lives of poor people throughout the world. In East Africa, there is a growing body of evidence of poor quality care that in some cases is so poor that it is disrespectful or abusive. This study will assess whether community feedback through report cards (with and without non-financial rewards) can improve patient experience, which includes aspects of patient dignity, autonomy, confidentiality, communication, timely attention, quality of basic amenities, and social support...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Heather E Hoops, Michael R Burt, Karen Deveney, Karen J Brasel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the views and expectations that practicing general surgeons have of their junior colleagues who have recently finished training. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study performed using focus group data consisting of open-ended questions concentrating on essential qualities and attributes of surgeons, behaviors observed in newly-graduated surgeons, and appropriate oversight of junior partners. Qualitative analysis was performed using grounded theory methodology with transcripts coded by 3 independent reviewers...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Annika Ward, Allison Mandrusiak, Tracy Levett-Jones
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how a virtual cultural simulation experience and guided reflection influenced physiotherapy students' intrapersonal and interpersonal cultural empathy, and to explore students' satisfaction with the learning experience. DESIGN: Three research arms within a single cohort: 1) pre-test post-test investigation of intrapersonal cultural empathy; 2) quasi-experimental investigation of interpersonal cultural empathy; 3) post-test measurement of satisfaction...
August 3, 2018: Physiotherapy
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