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Nutrition cirrhosis

Natascha Roehlen, Richard F Knoop, Katharina Laubner, Jochen Seufert, Henning Schwacha, Robert Thimme, Andreas Fischer
Drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) is a well-established, minimally invasive interventional treatment for nonresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Generally, TACE is regarded as safe and effective with a low complication rate. However, remote gastrointestinal ischemia due to the carryover of embolic material into visceral arteries is a rare but serious complication of TACE. In this report, we present a case of duodenal ulceration with contained perforation and severe necrotizing pancreatitis after TACE in a patient with nonresectable HCC and underlying hepatitis C virus associated with Child-Pugh stage B liver cirrhosis...
May 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Norifumi Harimoto, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Shoichi Inokuchi, Shinji Itoh, Eisuke Adachi, Yasuharu Ikeda, Hideaki Uchiyama, Tohru Utsunomiya, Kiyoshi Kajiyama, Koichi Kimura, Fumiaki Kishihara, Keishi Sugimachi, Eiji Tsujita, Mizuki Ninomiya, Kengo Fukuzawa, Takashi Maeda, Ken Shirabe, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is an objective tool that is widely used to assess the nutritional status in patients, including those with cancer. The relationship between the CONUT score and prognosis in patients who have undergone hepatic resection has not been evaluated in a multi-institutional study. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected for 2461 consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who had undergone hepatic resection with curative intent at 13 institutions between January 2004 and December 2015...
July 26, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Claudio Augusto Marroni, Alfeu Medeiros Fleck, Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Lucas Homercher Galant, Marcos Mucenic, Mario Henrique de Mattos Meine, Guilherme Mariante-Neto, Ajacio Bandeira de Mello Brandão
Alcohol consumption accounts for 3.8% of annual global mortality worldwide, and the majority of these deaths are due to alcoholic liver disease (ALD), mainly alcoholic cirrhosis. ALD is one of the most common indications for liver transplantation (LT). However, it remains a complicated topic on both medical and ethical grounds, as it is seen by many as a "self-inflicted disease". One of the strongest ethical arguments against LT for ALD is the probability of relapse. However, ALD remains a common indication for LT worldwide...
July 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Gonçalo Nunes, Mariana Brito, Carla Adriana Santos, Jorge Fonseca
Clinical nutrition is emerging as a major area in gastroenterology practice. Most gastrointestinal disorders interfere with digestive physiology and compromise nutritional status. Refeeding syndrome (RS) may increase morbidity and mortality in gastroenterology patients. Literature search using the keywords "Refeeding Syndrome", "Hypophosphatemia", "Hypomagnesemia" and "Hypokalemia". Data regarding definition, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, risk factors, management and prevention of RS were collected...
July 9, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Fátima Higuera-de la Tijera, Alfredo Servín-Caamaño, Luis Servìn-Abad, José Luis Pérez-Hernández
BACKGROUND AND AIM: comparatively with European or North-American populations, severe alcoholic hepatitis has a high mortality rate in Mexican population, becoming as high as 50 to 81% in those classified as ABIC B or C; this is true even when they receive specific therapy with steroids or pentoxifylline. The aim of this study was to know which clinical factors are related to early mortality (first 30 days) in Mexican patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: this was a retrospective cohort study that included patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis, defined by a Maddrey's discriminant function ≥ 32, treated at a tertiary care center in a period of five years (2010 to 2015)...
May 17, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Danielle Adebayo, Shuet Fong Neong, Florence Wong
Ascites, a common complication of liver cirrhosis, eventually becomes refractory to diuretic therapy and sodium restriction in ~10% of patients. Multiple pathogenetic factors are involved in the development of refractory ascites, which ultimately lead to renal hypoperfusion and avid sodium retention. Therefore, renal dysfunction commonly accompanies refractory ascites. Management includes continuation of sodium restriction, which needs frequent reviews for adherence; and regular large volume paracentesis of 5 L or more with albumin infusions to prevent the development of paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Puneeta Tandon, Kathleen Patricia Ismond, Kenneth Riess, Andres Duarte-Rojo, Bandar Al-Judaibi, Michael Andrew Dunn, Jennifer Holman, Nancy Howes, Mark Joseph Franklin Haykowsky, Deborah Ann Josbeno, Margaret McNeely
Physical inactivity, sarcopenia, and frailty are highly prevalent, independent predictors of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Across a range of chronic diseases, exercise training is a key recommendation supported by guidelines and, in some conditions, even by governmental funding of exercise programs. Consistent with the broader chronic disease literature, the evidence for a benefit of exercise in cirrhosis is promising. Several small trials have reported significant improvements in muscle health (mass, strength, functional capacity), quality of life, fatigue, and reductions in the hepatic venous portal gradient, without adverse events...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Paul Horn, Christian von Loeffelholz, Franziska Forkert, Sven Stengel, Philipp Reuken, René Aschenbach, Andreas Stallmach, Tony Bruns
Nutritional status, infections, inflammation and extrahepatic organ dysfunction are critical factors for the progression of chronic liver disease. Chemerin is an immune-metabolically and chemotactically active adipokine and we hypothesized that it is associated with disease severity and prognosis in patients with advanced decompensated cirrhosis. Therefore, we measured serum concentrations of chemerin in a prospectively characterized cohort of 80 patients with decompensated cirrhosis and ascites and assessed the associations with markers of disease severity and short-term outcome at 28 days...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chu Kion Yao, James Fung, Natural Hoi Sing Chu, Victoria Ping Yi Tan
Liver cirrhosis is associated with significant nutritional risks that often result in serious hepatic complications and poor survival rates. Diet is an important but underutilized aspect in the treatment modality of cirrhosis. Therefore, the aims of this review are to ascertain nutritional risks associated with its pathophysiology and to summarize existing evidence that support dietary recommendations for managing this patient population. Alterations in substrate utilization for energy production is a main feature of liver cirrhosis, resulting in increased catabolism of protein stores and a predisposition toward protein-energy malnutrition, even in the early stages of the disease...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Jennifer C Lai, Puneeta Tandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Ying-Jie Guo, Zi-Bin Tian, Na Jiang, Xue-Li Ding, Tao Mao, Xue Jing
Background: Energetic effects of late evening snack (LES) on cirrhotic patients were reported recently, but there was no quantitative analysis. In this meta-analysis, we reviewed and quantified the effects of LES on energy metabolism and substrate oxidation in the patients with cirrhosis, which will be of benefit for liver cirrhosis nutritional therapy. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Elsevier, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database for relevant trials published until July 2017...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Donghee Kim, Andrew A Li, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIM: Telomere length and telomerase have been linked with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the impact of telomere length on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and advanced fibrosis in a large national population sample is not well understood. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 were utilized. Suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was diagnosed if serum alanine aminotransferase was >30 IU/L for men and >19 IU/L for women in the absence of other causes of chronic liver disease...
May 24, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Tilman Sauerbruch, Robert Schierwagen, Jonel Trebicka
Portal hypertension is one cause and a part of a dynamic process triggered by chronic liver disease, mostly induced by alcohol or incorrect nutrition and less often by viral infections and autoimmune or genetic disease. Adequate staging - continuously modified by current knowledge - should guide the prevention and treatment of portal hypertension with defined endpoints. The main goals are interruption of etiology and prevention of complications followed, if necessary, by treatment of these. For the past few decades, shunts, mostly as intrahepatic stent bypass between portal and hepatic vein branches, have played an important role in the prevention of recurrent bleeding and ascites formation, although their impact on survival remains ambiguous...
2018: F1000Research
Helmut Denk, Peter M Abuja, Kurt Zatloukal
Fatty liver disease is a multifactorial world-wide health problem resulting from a complex interplay between liver, adipose tissue and intestine and initiated by alcohol abuse, overeating, various types of intoxication, adverse drug reactions and genetic or acquired metabolic defects. Depending on etiology fatty liver disease is commonly categorized as alcoholic or non-alcoholic. Both types may progress from simple steatosis to the necro-inflammatory lesion of alcoholic (ASH) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), respectively, and finally to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma...
May 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Tannaz Eslamparast, Aldo J Montano-Loza, Maitreyi Raman, Puneeta Tandon
Sarcopenia and obesity are 2 major health conditions with a growing prevalence in cirrhosis. The concordance of these 2 conditions, sarcopenic obesity, is associated with higher rates of mortality and impact on the metabolic profile and physical function than either condition alone. To date, there is little consensus surrounding the diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia, obesity or as a result, sarcopenic obesity in patients with cirrhosis. Cross-sectional imaging, although the most accurate diagnostic technique, has practical limitations for routine use in clinical practice...
May 8, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Tae Hee Lee
When liver disease is severe, the prognosis can be worse if the patient is malnourished. Adequate nutritional support for patients with liver diseases can improve the patient's condition and prognosis. In the case of liver cirrhosis, malnutrition can occur due to a variety of causes, including poor oral intake, maldigestion, malabsorption, associated renal disease, and metabolic abnormalities. For a nutritional assessment, it is important to check the dietary intake, change in body composition, including anthropometry, and a functional assessment of muscle...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Alejandra Altamirano-Barrera, Misael Uribe, Norberto C Chávez-Tapia, Natalia Nuño-Lámbarri
Several microorganisms belonging to the intestinal microbiota act in an ecosystem responsible for maintaining the homeostasis and vital functions of human beings. From birth to old age the diversity of the intestinal microbiota may change due to environmental factors such as nutrition, immunity, diseases or the use of antibiotics leading to dysbiosis. Improvement in microbiota diversity can be achieved by modifying related risk factors through changes in lifestyle and a healthy diet. Besides, the addition of probiotics, prebiotics or the combination of both (symbiotics), can result in the improvement of the intestinal permeability, inflammatory pathways and the immune system...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Asma Chaudhry, Kaleem Ullah Toori, Javaria Ilyas Shaikh
Objective: To identify correlation between biochemical parameters of nutritional status with disease severity in HCV related liver cirrhosis in patients attending tertiary care hospital. Methods: Total 259 HCV related liver cirrhosis patients who attended the outpatient department of KRL Hospital, Islamabad from June 2016 to January 2018 were included in this cross-sectional study. HCV status was confirmed with PCR. Cirrhosis was pre-established by ultrasound, while cirrhosis severity was gauged by CTP score...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Tatiana Bering, Kiara G D Diniz, Marta Paula P Coelho, Ana Carolina M de Souza, Luisa Freitas de Melo, Diego Alves Vieira, Maria Marta S Soares, Adriana M Kakehasi, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Rosângela Teixeira, Dulciene Maria Magalhães Queiroz, Gifone A Rocha, Luciana D Silva
OBJECTIVE: Because cirrhotic patients are at high risk of malnutrition and sarcopenia, we evaluated the prevalence of low fat-free mass index (FFMI) and low phase angle (PhA) among patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: In total, 135 subjects with CHC (50.4% males; mean age, 52.4 ± 11.8 years; 65.9% noncirrhotic and 34.1% compensated cirrhotic patients) were prospectively included and evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Subjective global assessment was used to evaluate malnutrition...
April 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Masoomeh Heidary, Naser Honar, Maryam Ataollahi, Homa Ilkanipour, Hossein Moravej
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status in children without prior hospital admission or evidence of chronic disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The current study is a cross-sectional and observational study which was conducted for assessing the nutritional status of children. In this study, consecutive sampling was used, with a sample size about 400 children aged 6 months to 18 years at first hospital admission. All subjects were hospitalized consecutively in the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Nemazee Teaching Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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