keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

how ı do it

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091654/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-children-how-do-we-prevent-it-and-how-do-we-treat-it
#1
Anuli Nwaohiri, Sarah Schillie, Marc Bulterys, Athena P Kourtis
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is an important contributor to the worldwide burden of liver-related morbidity and mortality. Mother-to-child transmission of HCV ranges from 6-11% in different populations globally, but accurate estimates on the burden of pediatric HCV infection are limited because screening approaches are not consistent. Areas covered: The advent of new direct-acting antiviral agents that achieve very high rates of sustained virologic response, (representing virologic cure) with short (i...
August 9, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086716/methods-to-discriminate-primary-from-secondary-dengue-during-acute-symptomatic-infection
#2
Thi Hanh Tien Nguyen, Hannah E Clapham, Khanh Lam Phung, Thanh Kieu Nguyen, The Trung DInh, Than Ha Quyen Nguyen, Van Ngoc Tran, Stephen Whitehead, Cameron Simmons, Marcel Wolbers, Bridget Wills
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus infection results in a broad spectrum of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic infection through to severe dengue. Although prior infection with another viral serotype, i.e. secondary dengue, is known to be an important factor influencing disease severity, current methods to determine primary versus secondary immune status during the acute illness do not consider the rapidly evolving immune response, and their accuracy has rarely been evaluated against an independent gold standard...
August 7, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081746/-live-beautiful-live-well-vivir-bonito-vivir-bien-in-nicaragua-environmental-health-citizenship-in-a-post-neoliberal-context
#3
Chris Hartmann
The concepts Vivir Bien and Buen Vivir, often translated as 'living well' or 'collective well-being,' are central to contemporary social medicine reforms in Latin America. Owing to increasing social inequalities, notably in the public healthcare sector, Vivir Bien has regional significance as it redefines the neoliberal development goals from economic improvement to so-called post-neoliberal social goals of harmonious co-existence between society and the physical environment. To examine how this abstract concept is conceptualised, is incorporated into, and shapes state-sponsored public health strategies, I analyze the 'Vivir Limpio, Vivir Sano, Vivir Bonito, Vivir Bien … !' ('Live Clean, Live Healthy, Live Beautiful, Live Well … !') national campaign in Nicaragua that began in 2013...
August 6, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080925/should-human-germ-line-editing-be-allowed-some-suggestions-on-the-basis-of-the-existing-regulatory-framework
#4
Iñigo de Miguel Beriain
The application of genetic editing techniques for the prevention or cure of disease is a highly promising tool for the future of humanity. However, its implementation contains a number of ethical and legal challenges that should not be underestimated. On this basis, some sectors have already asked for a veto on any intervention that modifies the human germ line, while supporting somatic line editing. In this paper, I will support that this suggestion makes no sense at all, because the somatic/germ line disjunctive has no moral relevance and, therefore, it should not play any role in legal terms...
August 6, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078382/clipping-of-sigmoid-sinus-diverticulum-how-i-do-it
#5
F Hassannia, S D Carr, G-M Busato, J A Rutka
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of transmastoid clipping of a sigmoid sinus diverticulum. METHODS: Two patients with pulsatile tinnitus resulting from a sigmoid sinus diverticulum underwent clipping at the diverticulum neck using intra-operative Doppler ultrasonography. RESULTS: At six months' follow up, both patients reported complete resolution of pulsatile tinnitus with no complications. CONCLUSION: Transmastoid clipping of a sigmoid sinus diverticulum can be a safe and effective method of managing pulsatile tinnitus resulting from a sigmoid sinus diverticulum...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075057/diagnostic-tests-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-preschool-children
#6
REVIEW
Melinda Randall, Kristine J Egberts, Aarti Samtani, Rob Jpm Scholten, Lotty Hooft, Nuala Livingstone, Katy Sterling-Levis, Susan Woolfenden, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally diagnosed condition. It is defined by impairments in social communication or the presence of restricted or repetitive behaviours, or both. Diagnosis is made according to existing classification systems. In recent years, especially following publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5; APA 2013), children are given the diagnosis of ASD, rather than subclassifications of the spectrum such as autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, or pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified...
July 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072764/soil-bacterial-networks-are-less-stable-under-drought-than-fungal-networks
#7
Franciska T de Vries, Rob I Griffiths, Mark Bailey, Hayley Craig, Mariangela Girlanda, Hyun Soon Gweon, Sara Hallin, Aurore Kaisermann, Aidan M Keith, Marina Kretzschmar, Philippe Lemanceau, Erica Lumini, Kelly E Mason, Anna Oliver, Nick Ostle, James I Prosser, Cecile Thion, Bruce Thomson, Richard D Bardgett
Soil microbial communities play a crucial role in ecosystem functioning, but it is unknown how co-occurrence networks within these communities respond to disturbances such as climate extremes. This represents an important knowledge gap because changes in microbial networks could have implications for their functioning and vulnerability to future disturbances. Here, we show in grassland mesocosms that drought promotes destabilising properties in soil bacterial, but not fungal, co-occurrence networks, and that changes in bacterial communities link more strongly to soil functioning during recovery than do changes in fungal communities...
August 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066192/how-i-do-it-l5-s1-foraminal-stenosis-and-far-lateral-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-unilateral-bi-portal-endoscopy
#8
Jae-Hyun Park, Je-Tae Jung, Sang-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgeries for far-lateral lumbar disc herniation (FLLDH) and foraminal stenosis at the L5/S1 level are very complicated because of its unique structure. The authors have performed unilateral bi-portal endoscopy (UBE) to these lesions because of the good results obtained for other spinal diseases (Park et al. in Orthopedics 40:e779-e783, 2017). METHODS: We described our experience of the surgical treatment for FLLDH and foraminal stenosis. Useful information for pre-, intraop-, and postoperative care is presented...
July 31, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059998/making-science-meaningful-for-broad-audiences-through-stories
#9
Sara ElShafie
Science is a search for evidence, but science communication must be a search for meaning. General audiences will only care about science if it is presented in a meaningful context. One of the most effective ways to do this is through storytelling. Stories are integral to all cultures. Studies indicate that stories even help audiences to process and recall new information. Scientists sometimes worry that storytelling will conflate empirical evidence with fabrication. But when telling non-fiction stories, it is a process of recognizing the story elements already present in the subject material and distilling the most concise and compelling account for a target audience...
July 30, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058150/density-feedbacks-mediate-effects-of-environmental-change-on-population-dynamics-of-a-semi-desert-rodent
#10
Chloé R Nater, Koen J van Benthem, Cindy I Canale, Carsten Schradin, Arpat Ozgul
1.Population dynamics are the result of an interplay between extrinsic and intrinsic environmental drivers. Predicting the effects of environmental change on wildlife populations therefore requires a thorough understanding of the mechanisms through which different environmental drivers interact to generate changes in population size and structure. 2.In this study, we disentangled the roles of temperature, food availability, and population density in shaping short- and long-term population dynamics of the African striped mouse, a small rodent inhabiting a semi-desert with high intra- and inter-annual variation in environmental conditions...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057728/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-iv-abstracts-of-march-17-2018
#11
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057727/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-iii-abstracts-of-march-16-2018
#12
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057726/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-ii-abstracts-of-march-15-2018
#13
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053570/grounding-the-neurobiology-of-language-in-first-principles-the-necessity-of-non-language-centric-explanations-for-language-comprehension
#14
Uri Hasson, Giovanna Egidi, Marco Marelli, Roel M Willems
Recent decades have ushered in tremendous progress in understanding the neural basis of language. Most of our current knowledge on language and the brain, however, is derived from lab-based experiments that are far removed from everyday language use, and that are inspired by questions originating in linguistic and psycholinguistic contexts. In this paper we argue that in order to make progress, the field needs to shift its focus to understanding the neurobiology of naturalistic language comprehension. We present here a new conceptual framework for understanding the neurobiological organization of language comprehension...
July 24, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051158/how-i-do-it-the-eyebrow-approach-for-anterior-circle-of-willis-aneurysms
#15
Sorin Aldea, Pierre-Cyril Cômes, Stephan Gaillard
BACKGROUND: The eyebrow approach is a keyhole technique that gives a wide access to the anterior circle of Willis. METHODS: A 4-cm linear incision is placed in the upper limit of the eyebrow and a small supraorbital bone flap is raised. A wide arachnoid dissection is essential to maximize the working space. One or multiple aneurysms may be treated by the same approach. CONCLUSIONS: The eyebrow approach is a safe technique for selected aneurysms of the anterior circle of Willis...
July 26, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047159/the-15th-armitage-lecture-randomization-the-forgotten-component-of-the-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
William F Rosenberger, Diane Uschner, Yanying Wang
"…The customary test for an observed difference…is based on an enumeration of the probabilities, on the initial hypothesis that two treatments do not differ in their effects,…of all the various results which would occur if the trial were repeated indefinitely with different random samples of the same size as those actually used." -Peter Armitage ("Sequential tests in prophylactic and therapeutic trials" in Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 1954;23(91):255-274). Randomization has been the hallmark of the clinical trial since Sir Bradford Hill adopted it in the 1946 streptomycin trial...
July 25, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045741/a-new-typology-for-understanding-context-qualitative-exploration-of-the-model-for-understanding-success-in-quality-musiq
#17
Julie E Reed, Heather C Kaplan, Sharif A Ismail
BACKGROUND: The importance of contextual factors in influencing quality improvement and implementation (QI&I) initiatives is broadly acknowledged. Existing treatments of context have primarily viewed it as static and distinct from interventions themselves. The objective of this study was to advance understanding of the complex and dynamic interaction between context, intervention, and implementation strategies. Using the Model for Understanding Success in Quality (MUSIQ), we aimed to better understand the roles of, and inter-relationships between, contextual factors within QI&I initiatives...
July 25, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045545/quantifying-gross-vs-net-agricultural-land-use-change-in-great-britain-using-the-integrated-administration-and-control-system
#18
Samuel J Tomlinson, Ulrike Dragosits, Peter E Levy, Amanda M Thomson, Janet Moxley
Land use change has impacts upon many natural processes, and is one of the key measures of anthropogenic disturbance on ecosystems. Agricultural land covers 70% of Great Britain's (GB) land surface and annually undergoes disturbance and change through farming practices such as crop rotation, ploughing and the planting and subsequent logging of forestry. It is important to quantify how much of GB's agricultural land undergoes such changes and what those changes are at an annual temporal resolution. Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) data give annual snapshots of agricultural land use at the field level, allowing for high resolution spatiotemporal land use change studies at the national scale...
July 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044837/ctd-fast-accurate-and-interpretable-method-for-static-and-dynamic-tensor-decompositions
#19
Jungwoo Lee, Dongjin Choi, Lee Sael
How can we find patterns and anomalies in a tensor, i.e., multi-dimensional array, in an efficient and directly interpretable way? How can we do this in an online environment, where a new tensor arrives at each time step? Finding patterns and anomalies in multi-dimensional data have many important applications, including building safety monitoring, health monitoring, cyber security, terrorist detection, and fake user detection in social networks. Standard tensor decomposition results are not directly interpretable and few methods that propose to increase interpretability need to be made faster, more memory efficient, and more accurate for large and quickly generated data in the online environment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30042689/elevated-seawater-temperatures-decrease-microbial-diversity-in-the-gut-of-mytilus-coruscus
#20
Yi-Feng Li, Na Yang, Xiao Liang, Asami Yoshida, Kiyoshi Osatomi, Deborah Power, Frederico M Batista, Jin-Long Yang
The gut microbial community is critical for the host immune system, and in recent years, it has been extensively studied in vertebrates using 'omic' technologies. In contrast, knowledge about how the interactions between water temperature and diet affect the gut microbiota of marine invertebrates that do not thermoregulate is much less studied. In the present study, the effect of elevated seawater temperature and diet ( Isochrysis zhanjiangensis and Platymonas helgolandica var. tsingtaoensis ) on the gut microbial community of the commercial mussel, Mytilus coruscus , was investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
170498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"