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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710529/myxosporean-parasites-of-ceratomyxa-merlangi-and-myxidium-gadi-in-whiting-merlangius-merlangus-a-comparative-epizootiological-analysis-based-on-samples-from-two-localities-off-southern-and-northern-coasts-of-the-black-sea
#1
A Özer, V Yurakhno, T Öztürk, Y M Kornyychuk
Totally 690 and 423 whiting Merlangius merlangus samples were collected from two localities off Southern (Sinop) and Northern coasts (Balaklava Bay) of the Black Sea, respectively, and examined for myxosporeans in the period from May 2011 to March 2014. Ceratomyxa merlangi and Myxidium gadi were the only myxosporean parasites identified in the content of gall bladder and their infection indices of prevalence (%) and intensity were calculated for length classes and sex of fish as well as for the seasons at both sampling localities...
July 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710193/ciliated-foregut-cyst-of-the-gall-bladder-the-largest-ever-described
#2
Alexia Farrugia, Ivan Blazic, Predrag Andrejevic
A 78-year-old man presented to the accident and emergency department with acute abdominal pain. A CT scan done to investigate the pain showed an intra-abdominal abscess medial to the caecum and an incidental exophytic lesion in the gall bladder. This was excised during surgery and sent for histological examination. Histology showed a ciliated foregut cyst of the gall bladder. A literature review revealed that this was the 13th case worldwide, as ciliated foregut cysts are usually found either above the diaphragm or in the liver...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704814/acalculous-cholecystitis-is-an-elective-interval-cholecystectomy-necessary
#3
Syed H Abbas, Mudassar A Ghazanfar, Alex N Gordon-Weeks, Srikanth R Reddy, Zahir Soonawalla, Michael A Silva
BACKGROUND: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) accounts for 5-10% of cases of acute cholecystitis. The advantage of interval cholecystectomy for patients with AAC is unclear. Therefore, a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AAC at our institution was performed over a 5-year period. METHODS: Patients were identified via hospital coding using the keywords "acalculous cholecystitis, cholecystostomy and gall bladder perforation." Follow-up data was obtained by performing a retrospective review of the patients' hospital records...
July 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695359/radiation-dose-reduction-for-ct-assessment-of-urolithiasis-using-iterative-reconstruction-a-prospective-intra-individual-study
#4
Annemarie M den Harder, Martin J Willemink, Pieter J van Doormaal, Frank J Wessels, M T W T Lock, Arnold M R Schilham, Ricardo P J Budde, Tim Leiner, Pim A de Jong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of hybrid (HIR) and model-based iterative reconstruction (MIR) in patients with urolithiasis at reduced-dose computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for unenhanced abdominal CT for follow-up of urolithiasis were prospectively included. Routine dose acquisition was followed by three low-dose acquisitions at 40%, 60% and 80% reduced doses. All images were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP), HIR and MIR...
July 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687948/role-of-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-and-preoperative-liver-biopsy-for-exclusion-of-biliary-atresia-in-neonatal-cholestasis-syndrome
#5
Ankur Mandelia, Richa Lal, Nijagal Mutt
All diagnostic algorithms for Neonatal Cholestasis Syndrome (NCS) focus on differentiating numerous medical causes from Biliary Atresia (BA). No preoperative diagnostic algorithm has 100% diagnostic accuracy for BA and yet, timely diagnosis is crucial to optimize surgical outcome. Markers for high index of clinical suspicion for BA are: a "usually" well thriving infant with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, raised gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, persistently "acholic" stools, firm hepatomegaly with dysmorphic, hypoplastic gall bladder...
July 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685792/digestive-neuroendocrine-tumors-reclassifying-of-26-cases-according-to-2010-who-classification
#6
Abir Chaabane, Issam M'sakni, Basma Laabidi, Fathi Bougrine, Ammar Bouziani
BACKGROUND: The classification of digestive neuroendocrine tumors is difficult due to their heterogeneity and rareness. AIMS: Reclassify the digestive neuroendocrine tumors according  to  the  WHO-2010 classification .  Methods: A retrospective study included   26 patients having digestive neuroendocrine     tumors ,  is achieved  in our  Pathology  Laboratory  of the Military Hospital of  Tunis between 2000 and 2013. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 49...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685026/cholecystokinin-induced-satiety-a-key-gut-servomechanism-that-is-affected-by-the-membrane-microenvironment-of-this-receptor
#7
REVIEW
A J Desai, M Dong, K G Harikumar, L J Miller
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract has a central role in nutritional homeostasis, as location for food ingestion, digestion and absorption, with the gut endocrine system responding to and regulating these events, as well as influencing appetite. One key GI hormone with the full spectrum of these activities is cholecystokinin (CCK), a peptide released from neuroendocrine I cells scattered through the proximal intestine in response to fat and protein, with effects to stimulate gall bladder contraction and pancreatic exocrine secretion, to regulate gastric emptying and intestinal transit, and to induce satiety...
December 2016: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680698/non-iatrogenic-traumatic-isolated-bilothorax-in-a-cat
#8
Ronan A Mullins, Marc A Barandun, Barbara Gallagher, Laura C Cuddy
CASE SUMMARY: A 6-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of suspected bite wounds over the right caudal thorax and left cranial flank. Thoracic radiographs identified a mild right-sided pneumothorax, a small volume of right-sided pleural effusion, with increased soft tissue opacity in the right cranial and middle lung lobes. Abdominal ultrasound identified a very small gall bladder and several small pockets of free peritoneal fluid. Cytological analysis of peritoneal fluid was consistent with a modified transudate...
January 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664425/risk-factors-for-the-late-development-of-common-bile-duct-stones-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#9
Yoo Shin Choi, Jae Hyuk Do, Suk Won Suh, Seung Eun Lee, Hyun Kang, Hyun Jeong Park
BACKGROUND: The development of common bile duct (CBD) stones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) could be a stressful event for surgeons and patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for and the time of occurrence of CBD stones, which are detected at a certain period after LC in patients who have no history of having CBD stone before operation. METHODS: A total of 1938 patients who underwent LC for benign gallbladder lesion were retrospectively analyzed...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663675/synchronous-gall-bladder-and-bile-duct-cancer-a-short-series-of-seven-cases-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#10
Harshal Rajekar
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous presence of cancer in the gall bladder and in the biliary tree could be due to local spread, metastases, de novo multifocal origin, or as part of a field change. In the past, such an association has been described in patients with anomalous pancreatico-biliary ductal junction. AIMS: We studied seven consecutive patients with simultaneous gall bladder and bile duct malignancy with a view to identify the best way to treat them, and if possible to hypothesize the etiopathogenesis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658893/salvage-surgery-for-metastatic-gall-bladder-cancer-with-vanishing-liver-metastasis-following-palliative-5-fluorouracil-metronomic-chemotherapy
#11
Rdr Somasekar, Obla Naganathbabu, Raju Prabhakaran, Murugaiyan Gnanasekar, Devy Gounder Kannan
Gall Bladder Cancer (GBC) is an aggressive malignancy. The prognosis of metastatic GBC is dismal. Until recently, there are no standard treatment guidelines for management of patients with metastatic GBC. But the ultimate aim of any treatment modality is to improve the overall survival with good quality of life. We hereby report a long term survivor of metastatic GBC treated with initial six cycles of gemcitabine + cisplatin combination chemotherapy, but did not show any response. In view of chemotoxicity and as a matter of physician preference patient was started on low dose weekly 5- Fluorouracil monotherapy based on a metronomic chemotherapy principle...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658786/xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-with-florid-ducts-of-luschka-double-trouble-mimicking-malignancy
#12
Archana Shetty, Mudasser Rehan, V Geethamani
Xanthogranulomatous Cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon inflammatory condition of gall bladder, which is often misdiagnosed as malignancy preoperatively, leading to extensive surgical resections which may not be necessary for the patient. Ducts of Luschka are a rare developmental variant of the biliary tree, which are prone to injury and bile leak during cholecystectomy. We report a case of a 52-year-old male patient who was taken up for surgery with a provisional diagnosis of chronic calculous cholecystitis...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625681/variation-of-calcium-copper-and-iron-levels-in-serum-bile-and-stone-samples-of-patients-having-different-types-of-gallstone-a-comparative-study
#13
Mustafa Khan, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Sirajuddin, Muhammad Bilal, Asma Akhtar, Sabir Khan, Salma Kadar
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data among the human population has shown a significantly increased incidence of gallstone (GS) disease worldwide. It was studied that some essential (calcium) and transition elements (iron and copper) in bile play an important role in the development of GS. METHOD: The estimation of calcium, copper and iron were carried out in the serum, gall bladder bile and different types of GS (cholesterol, mixed and pigmented) of 172 patients, age ranged 20-55years...
June 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625451/is-perioperative-administration-of-5-dextrose-effective-in-reducing-the-incidence-of-ponv-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Ankita Mishra, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Ankur Sharma, Vanlalnghaka Darlong, Jyotsna Punj, Devalina Goswami, Renu Sinha, Vimi Rewari, Chandralekha Chandralekha, Virinder Kumar Bansal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) during perioperative administration of 5% dextrose and normal saline in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Operating rooms in a tertiary care hospital of Northern India. PATIENTS: One hundred patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to II undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled in this study...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624876/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-new-cyprinid-gall-bladder-infecting-chloromyxum-species-chloromyxum-peleci-sp-n-myxozoa-chloromyxidae-from-pelecus-cultratus-l-in-russia
#15
X H Liu, V N Voronin, A S Dudin, D A Morozova, J Y Zhang
Extensive sampling to get rich data is very important to resolve the current taxonomic problem of Chloromyxum genus and elucidate the nature phylogenetic relationships among congeneric species. During the parasitological survey of cyprinid fish in Gulf of Finland off the coast of St. Petersburg, a new Chloromyxum species, named as Chloromyxum peleci sp. n., was found to infect the gall bladder of sichel, Pelecus cultratus (L.). Here, we provided the morphological, ultrastructural, and molecular features to describe it...
June 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615861/in-vitro-ovicidal-activity-of-peganum-harmala-seeds-extract-on-the-eggs-of-fasciola-hepatica
#16
Mohammad Moazeni, Zahra Sadat Saadaty Ardakani, Mohammad Jamal Saharkhiz, Jafar Jalaei, Ali Asghar Khademolhoseini, Shahab Shams Esfand Abad, Amir Mootabi Alavi
Peganum harmala seeds extract has been previously reported to have antimicrobial and other medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ovicidal activity of the methanolic extract of P. harmala seeds against the eggs of F. hepatica. The phenolic compounds of the methanolic extract of P. harmala seeds were identified by HPLC analysis. Catechin, rutin, p-Coumaric acid, chloregenic acid and hesperetin were found to be the major phenolic compounds. F. hepatica eggs were collected from the gall bladder of naturally infected sheep...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615831/species-diversity-of-the-genus-thelohanellus-kudo-1933-myxozoa-bivalvulida-parasitizing-fishes-in-indian-subcontinent
#17
REVIEW
Harpreet Kaur, Ranjeet Singh, Anu Katoch, Rajni Attri, Shoaib Ali Dar, Aditya Gupta
A synopsis of 52 nominal species of the genus Thelohanellus Kudo, 1933 reported to infect freshwater fishes in India is presented. These species infect various organs such as gills, fins, scales, skin, muscles, gall bladder, kidney etc. The diagnostic features of the genus include tear-shaped myxospores with smooth shell valves and single polar capsule. The members are histozoic in their nature of parasitism infecting fresh water fishes. The present manuscript is aimed to compile the list of reported species in India along with essential information on morphometrics of vegetative stage, host, organ preference and pathogenic effects if any...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614220/rituximab-was-used-to-treat-recurrent-igg4-related-hypophysitis-with-ophthalmopathy-as-the-initial-presentation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Wei-Jun Gu, Qian Zhang, Jian Zhu, Jie Li, Shi-Hui Wei, Yi-Ming Mu
RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related hypophysitis is a type of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), which is characterized by plasma cells infiltration in the pituitary causing functional changes and (or) space-occupying effect in the pituitary. IgG4-related hypophysitis is sensitive to hormone therapy in most patients, but recurrence is very likely. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 57-year-old male patient with bilateral eye redness as the initial presentation...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614174/minimally-invasive-cholecystolithotomy-to-treat-cholecystolithiasis-in-children-a-single-center-experience-with-23-cases
#19
Xiaokun Lin, Jingli Cai, Jisheng Wang, Congde Chen, Guorong He, Yijiang Han
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy is recently popularized treatment that may offer advantages over laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially in China. However, there are few reports concerning the use of this technique in the pediatric population. This report describes our initial experience with minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy using laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy to treat cholecystolithiasis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 23 pediatric patients with cholecystolithiasis who underwent minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy using laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy from January 2009 to December 2015 was performed...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610340/myxosporea-cnidaria-myxozoa-infecting-the-saddled-seabream-oblada-melanura-l-1758-teleostei-sparidae-and-the-painted-comber-serranus-scriba%C3%A2-l-1758-teleostei-serranidae-in-tunisia
#20
Sayef Laamiri
First parasitological surveys of Myxozoa are performed on the sparid saddled seabream Oblada melanura (Linnaeus, 1758) and the serranid painted comber Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) caught from the Bay of Bizerte and the Gulf of Tunis respectively in Northeast Tunisia, Western Mediterranean. In this study, 6 bivalvulid myxosporean species belonging to the 3 genera Ceratomyxa Thélohan, 1892, Myxodavisia Zhao, Zhou, Kent & Whipps, 2008 and Zschokkella Auerbach, 1910, are isolated infecting their hosts. Two species Ceratomyxa sp...
May 19, 2017: Zootaxa
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