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Culture Psychiatry

Deborah Doroshow, Matthew Gambino, Mical Raz
Gerald Grob's work in the history of psychiatry over the course of almost fifty years created a model for how historians might successfully situate mental health in its social and political context, and how inseparable it was from this context. Over the last twenty years, the field has grown tremendously. Historians have incorporated categories of analysis like gender and race, methodologies like cultural history and intellectual history, and sought to continue Grob's quest to understand American mental health history as a critical component of American history writ large...
December 14, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Ursula Werneke
BACKGROUND: According to estimates from the European Commission, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than one million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union in the past few years. Mental health and primary care professionals are more likely than ever to meet patients from different cultures and backgrounds. AIMS: To equip mental health and primary care professionals with transcultural skills to deal with patients from unfamiliar backgrounds...
December 14, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Maria Noonan, Owen Doody, Andrew O'Regan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin
BACKGROUND: Identification of perinatal mental health problems and effective care for women who experience them are important considering the potentially serious impact that they may have on the wellbeing of the woman, her baby, family and wider society. General practitioners (GPs) play a central role in identifying and supporting women and this study aimed to explore GPs' experiences of caring for women with perinatal mental health problems in primary care. The results of this study may provide guidance to inform policy, practice, research and development of curriculum and continuous professional development resources...
December 13, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Matthew W Johnson, Peter S Hendricks, Frederick S Barrett, Roland R Griffiths
The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrative review and offer novel insights regarding human research with classic psychedelics (classic hallucinogens), which are 5HT2AR agonists such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin. Classic psychedelics have been administered as sacraments since ancient times. They were of prominent interest within psychiatry and neuroscience in the 1950s to 1960s, and during this time contributed to the emergence of the field of molecular neuroscience...
December 3, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Yu-Chuan Wu
In Japan, as in the west, suggestion theory was the predominant theory of hypnosis, and suggestive therapy was one of the most important, if not the most important, form of psychotherapy in the early 20th century. While the use of suggestion was met with objections on both scientific and moral grounds in the west, it was seen in a more positive light and has had a significant influence on the development of psychotherapy in Japan. With regard to the contexts of suggestion, suggestive power, suggestibility, and the effects of suggestion, this study will examine the distinctive conceptions and practices of suggestion developed by analogy with existing ideas about interpersonal influence, particularly with the concept of kanka (assimilative transformation) in Japan...
December 3, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Ventriglio Antonio, Bonfitto Iris, Ricci Fabiana, Cuoco Federica, Bhavsar Vishal
BACKGROUND: Religion and psychiatry may be both considered to be two different ways of explaining the unknown, of responding to questions about the meaning of life, and of bringing healing. AIMS: To discuss the border between religion and psychiatry. METHOD: This lecture explores the interface between religion and psychiatry and discusses the border between soul and mind. RESULTS: Religious beliefs may affect behaviours and may been seen on a psychopathological continuum with overvalued ideas and delusions...
November 29, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Faith Ng, Alice Ayres, Shuichi Suetani, Stephen Parker
OBJECTIVES: The Scholarly Project is a relevant task to support building a culture of research in psychiatry across Australia and New Zealand. However, there are several impediments to trainees' confident completion of this project. The authors review recent literature on the challenges voiced by trainees, as well as solutions posed by clinician-researchers and medical educators. Relevant strategies are highlighted, and several practical solutions to support the completion of the Scholarly Project are proposed...
November 29, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
J-P Lang, N Jurado, C Herdt, F Sauvanaud, L Lalanne
CONTEXT: Psychoeducation and therapeutic patient education can be effectively included in treatments for patients with psychiatric disorders. These two effective educational therapies have the common purpose of improving disorder-related morbidity, compliance with treatment and patients' quality of life. While they have different methods of application, both teach patients to play an active role in their own care. However, it is still critical to combine them for care of patients with psychiatric and addiction disorders in a manner that allows for specificity...
November 17, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
L E Chase, R P Sapkota, D Crafa, L J Kirmayer
Efforts to address global mental health disparities have given new urgency to longstanding debates on the relevance of cultural variations in the experience and expression of distress for the design and delivery of effective services. This scoping review examines available information on culture and mental health in Nepal, a low-income country with a four-decade history of humanitarian mental health intervention. Structured searches were performed using PsycINFO, Web of Science, Medline, and Proquest Dissertation for relevant book chapters, doctoral theses, and journal articles published up to May 2017...
2018: Global Mental Health
Shruti Srivastava, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam
Introduction: Somatization disorder is a debilitating condition, in which patients have multiple physical complaints with no explained cause and no relief even after consultations. Aim: The present study examined the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels, quality of life, disability, and symptom profile in long standing with somatization disorder. Methods: One-hundred three patients of somatization disorder suffering for ≥2 years, visiting psychiatry outpatient clinic during two consecutive summer season (April to June) of 2015-2016 were recruited...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Anand Mishra, Thomas Mathai, Daya Ram
A knowledge of history becomes important in learning the way concepts have evolved and how they are understood in different and conflicting traditions in psychiatry. Modern psychiatry and its history has always been observed through the prism of western science which has its own evolutionary line in which the eastern sciences can't fit and are always at a disadvantage. Especially the colonial bid to prove its legitimacy as a civilizing mission led to representation of European medicine as morally superior to the eastern practices resulting in a biased history...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: Neuroscience is now promising significant advances in medical practice, such that it can improve the art and science of personalized medicine. A new discipline of cultural neuroscience is now forming, and few clinicians, researchers or educators are aware of it. AIMS: To set out a brief synopsis of cultural neuroscience. METHODS: A narrative, nonsystematic, review of experts on cultural psychiatry and cultural neuroscience. RESULTS: Cultural neuroscience proposes that culture and biology have co-evolved with mutually beneficial affordances inhuman abilities that promote positive selection that help people to flourish...
October 31, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Hannah Kim, Shuichi Suetani, Malcolm Forbes, David Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To review selected literature available on trainee welfare and reflect on our own experiences to provide practical advice to our colleagues and suggest strategies to enhance trainee welfare. CONCLUSIONS: Promoting the welfare of psychiatry trainees requires a three-pronged approach. We must care for ourselves through individual strategies; we must advocate for optimization of the systems we work in to minimize modifiable factors associated with burnout; and we must continue on the perennial challenge of culture change to reduce stigma around stress and mental illness and promote a healthier workplace...
October 8, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Bedford Palmer, Thomas A Parham, Michael Connor, Helen Neville
Presents an obituary of Joseph White (1932-2017), often called "the godfather of Black psychology." During a distinguished 56-year career, White held many professional roles, perhaps none more profound than that of mentor. Additionally, White served as a (supervising) psychologist to five hospitals and three clinical practices. He served as chairman of the California State Psychology Licensing Board for 3 years. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees of The Menninger Foundation in Houston, Texas, and held the title of professor emeritus of psychology and psychiatry at the University of California, Irvine, where he spent most of his career as a professor and director of ethnic studies and cross-cultural programs...
October 2018: American Psychologist
Lisa B Thorell, Hanna Chistiansen, Martin Hammar, Steve Berggren, Eric Zander, Sven Bölte
PURPOSE: The Conners Rating Scales are widely used in research and clinical practice for measuring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and associated problem behaviors, but country-specific norms are seldom collected. The current study presents the standardization of the Swedish Conners 3® Rating Scales. In addition, we compared the Swedish norms to those collected in the U.S. and Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included altogether 3496 ratings of children and adolescents aged 6-18 years from population-based samples...
September 29, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Nakita Natala, Ruth Owusu-Antwi, Gordon Donnir, Kwabena Kusi-Mensah, Heidi Burns, Sarah Mohiuddin, Thomas Fluent, Michelle Riba, Gregory Dalack
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Improving child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is a priority worldwide. The majority of children with psychiatric conditions in low-middle-income countries (LMIC), like Ghana, receive no treatment due largely to limited resources and few CAMH training opportunities. The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) and University of Michigan (UM) established a partnership to expand CAMH training for general psychiatrists in Ghana. Lessons learned from the early stages of the collaboration can serve as an adaptable roadmap for similar efforts to expand CAMH training in LMIC...
September 27, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Abdulmohsen Alhumoud, Muhammad Zahid, Sameh Ibrahim, Talal Syed, Ahmed Naguy
INTRODUCTION: The offending behavior arising from a mental disorder invokes criminal responsibility doctrines or insanity defenses and calls for legislative framework ensuring availability of care and treatment for the patient and protection of the public from harm from the offender. The conviction of mentally disordered offenders varies depending upon the local legislation and its socio-cultural context, so do the principles, procedures and guidelines for forensic assessments between different countries...
September 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Ahmad N Alhadi, Mohammed A Alarabi, Abdulaziz T Alshomrani, Raafat M Shuqdar, Mohammad T Alsuwaidan, Roger S McIntyre
Objectives: Depression is a common mental disorder, the severity of which is frequently assessed via interview-based clinical scales such as the 7-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-7). The current study aimed to translate and examine the validity of an Arabic version of the HAMD-7 scale. Methods: This study took place between February and March 2016 in the Psychiatry Department of King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The HAMD-7 scale was translated into Arabic using forward and backward translation methods...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Raquel Jimenez Fernandez, Inmaculada Corral Liria, Rocio Rodriguez Vázquez, Susana Cabrera Fernandez, Marta Elena Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
In 1994, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) included "culture-bound syndromes" in its classification of psychiatric disorders and associated them with disease processes that manifest in behavioural or thought disorders that develop within a given cultural context. This study examines the definitions, explanatory models, signs and symptoms, and healthcare-seeking behaviours common to Fang culture-bound syndromes (i.e., kong, eluma, witchcraft, mibili, mikug, and nsamadalu)...
2018: PloS One
Anindya Das, Urvashi Rautela
The issue of culture in Indian psychiatry has endured increasing neglect with the burgeoning biological paradigm. This viewpoint debates and demystifies the connotation of "culture" in mainstream psychiatry. As a template to infer dominant thinking in mainstream psychiatry about culture, DLN Murty Rao Oration in 2011, "Indianizing Psychiatry - Is there a case enough?" by Avasthi (2011) (published in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry) has been used. Engaging a broad interdisciplinary view helps unravel the inherent biases in psychiatry and opens up space for analysis of the Indian psyche from a different philosophic tradition and ways of researching it...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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