keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Culture Psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083377/time-for-a-change-of-practice-the-real-world-value-of-testing-for-neuronal-autoantibodies-in-acute-first-episode-psychosis
#1
EDITORIAL
Thomas A Pollak, Belinda R Lennox
It is time that all patients with acute-onset psychosis are screened for autoimmune encephalitis, that lumbar puncture becomes a routine psychiatric investigation and that immunotherapy is available in indicated cases. We call for a culture change in the management of psychosis by psychiatry. Declaration of interest: None.
July 2018: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078155/psychiatry-cultural-competency-and-the-care-of-ultra-orthodox-jews-achieving-secular-and-theocentric-convergence-through-introspection
#2
Aaron M Bloch, Ezra Gabbay, Samantha F Knowlton, Joseph J Fins
Several socio-cultural factors complicate mental health care in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish population. These include societal stigma, fear of the influence of secular ideas, the need for rabbinic approval of the method and provider, and the notion that excessive concern with the self is counter-productive to religious growth. Little is known about how the religious beliefs of this population might be employed in therapeutic contexts. One potential point of convergence is the Jewish philosophical tradition of introspection as a means toward personal, interpersonal, and spiritual growth...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056584/extraordinary-care-for-extraordinary-conditions-constructing-parental-care-for-serious-mental-illness-in-japan
#3
Ellen B Rubinstein
This article presents an account of how Japanese parents in a family support group for mental illness constructed understandings of care for adult children with serious mental illness, primarily schizophrenia. I build from Janis H. Jenkins's research on the "extraordinary condition" of schizophrenia to discuss "extraordinary care," which parents practiced as a way to refute cultural and clinical beliefs about pathogenic families and degenerative diseases. Parents' accounts of extraordinary care revealed a reliance on biomedical knowledge to treat the symptoms of mental illness coupled with an ongoing determination to improve children's lives beyond what psychiatry could offer...
July 28, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973889/cross-cultural-notions-of-risk-and-liberty-a-comparison-of-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-outpatient-treatment-in-new-york-united-states-and-zurich-switzerland
#4
Florian Hotzy, Jeff Kerner, Anke Maatz, Matthias Jaeger, Andres R Schneeberger
Involuntary hospitalization is a frequently discussed intervention physicians must sometimes execute. Because this intervention has serious implications for the citizens' civil liberties it is regulated by law. Every country's health system approaches this issue differently with regard to the relevant laws and the logistical processes by which involuntary hospitalization generally is enacted. This paper aims at analyzing the regulation and process of involuntary hospitalization in New York (United States) and Zurich (Switzerland)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961726/of-drugs-and-droogs-cultural-dynamics-psychopharmacology-and-neuroscience-in-anthony-burgess-s-i-a-clockwork-orange-i
#5
Lorenzo Servitje
Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange is rarely considered in terms of psychopharmacology. Furthermore, the connection between the novel and the development of neuroscience-including the use of drugs that affect the brain-has yet to be considered. This essay explains the function and representation of drugs in the novel within the context of neuroscience's development during the 1960s. I argue that the novel engages the dynamics among psychopharmacology, neuroscience, and psychiatry, and investigates how these specialties function within Western culture to mediate between dominant and subordinate divisions...
2018: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953133/psychiatry-in-shetland
#6
Martin Scholtz, Almarie Harmse
The Shetland Isles are a place of breathtaking landscapes and pristine wildlife. As harsh as the weather can be, so warm and welcoming are the people and their proud half-Scottish, half-Scandinavian culture. Practising psychiatry in this northernmost outpost of the UK involves significant challenges. The authors were the only two psychiatrists based on this remote island group, which is home to 23 000 people.
May 2018: BJPsych International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953125/the-place-of-psychoanalysis-in-french-psychiatry
#7
Michel Botbol, Adeline Gourbil
France is known as one of the countries where psychoanalysis still holds an important position in various fields, and specially in psychiatry. Is it a 'culture bound syndrome' of French society, or, more seriously, a particularity that could be useful in other contexts as well? Through consideration of the role psychoanalysis is playing in French psychiatry, this paper will try to review this particularity and its interactions with the organisation and values of psychiatry in France, both in the public services and in private practice...
February 2018: BJPsych International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939105/bridging-the-great-divide-what-can-neurology-learn-from-psychiatry
#8
David L Perez, Matcheri S Keshavan, Jeremiah M Scharf, Aaron D Boes, Bruce H Price
Neurology and psychiatry share common historical origins and rely on similar tools to study brain disorders. Yet the practical integration of medical and scientific approaches across these clinical neurosciences remains elusive. Although much has been written about the need to incorporate emerging systems-level, cellular-molecular, and genetic-epigenetic advances into a science of mind for psychiatric disorders, less attention has been given to applying clinical neuroscience principles to conceptualize neurologic conditions with an integrated neurobio-psycho-social approach...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938531/culture-and-psychism-the-ethnopsychoanalysis-of-georges-devereux
#9
Alessandra Cerea
This paper introduces the significant theoretical contribution of Georges Devereux (1908-85) on the relationship between culture and psychism, which he developed in his work at the interface of anthropology, psychoanalysis and quantum epistemology during the mid-twentieth century. Devereux was one of the key early contributors to the field of transcultural psychiatry; he was in touch with its most important exponents, although he remained critical of many of the popular trends developed in this field of research in the USA, where Devereux conducted most of his research between 1932 and 1963...
June 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913854/hiv-aids-in-different-cultures
#10
Desmond Ayim-Aboagye
Background/aims HIV/AIDS is a disease that is taking many lives in Ghana and other countries in Africa. It is a disease that has infected people in Sweden, though not as many as Africa has reported. The present investigation concerns how HIV/AIDS patients in Ghana, a cultural tropic climate, and patients in Sweden, the Nordic region, experience their pain. Methods With empirical data from both countries, the research will unveil how these patients cope or adapt to their illness with all the attention they receive from the environments and their native resources...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#11
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891098/the-dissemination-of-the-french-school-of-psychiatry-and-its-impact-in-the-world
#12
S Richa, M Masson, S-P Tawil
The French School of Psychiatry has characteristics which are proper to it, and it conveys many notions related to health care, in addition to the accompaniment and the comprehension of mentally ill people and mental illness. These notions are specific to the French culture. Thus, famous French psychiatrists have described many syndromes and discovered the first neuroleptic, chlorpromazine. Among these psychiatrists: Pinel, Esquirol, Janet, Ey, Delay and Deniker. Furthermore, the first World Psychiatry Congress was held in Paris in 1950...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872943/religion-culture-and-meaning-making-coping-a-study-among-cancer-patients-in-turkey
#13
Fereshteh Ahmadi, Pelin Erbil, Nader Ahmadi, Önver A Cetrez
The present paper looks at the influence of culture on Turkish cancer patients' use of meaning-making coping, paying particular attention to religious, spiritual, and existential coping methods. Data were collected using an interview study (n = 25, 18 women, age range 20-71). Individuals were recruited at an oncology center and a psychiatry clinic in Istanbul. The main focus of the study has been on existential meaning-making coping, which is characterized by finding power inside oneself, altruism, family love, a search for meaning by contemplating philosophical issues, and having a positive life perspective (shukran-thankfulness)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791466/understanding-health-advocacy-in-family-medicine-and-psychiatry-curricula-and-practice-a-qualitative-study
#14
Sophie Soklaridis, Carrie Bernard, Genevieve Ferguson, Lisa Andermann, Mark Fefergrad, Kenneth Fung, Karl Iglar, Andrew Johnson, Morag Paton, Cynthia Whitehead
BACKGROUND: We explored understanding and experiences of health advocacy among psychiatry and family medicine residents and faculty and the implications for clinical care and teaching through the lens of relationship-centred care. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in the psychiatry and family medicine departments at a large urban university. We interviewed 19 faculty members and conducted two focus groups with 18 residents. Semi-structured questions explored the relational meaning of health advocacy, how residents and faculty learned about the role and ethical considerations involved in incorporating advocacy work into clinical practice within a relationship-centred care framework...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771102/-reclusion-and-physical-restraint-in-psychiatry-influencing-factors-and-alternatives
#15
Jérôme Morisset
Introduction and context: The use of reclusion and restraint is neither a recent practice nor a rare practice in psychiatric services. In France, the Controller General of Places of Deprivation of Liberty reported certain drifts in 2015. Since then, the public authorities have sought to frame this practice with the aim of limiting its use. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: The purpose of this study is to examine how, through a literature review, the topic of limitation of constraint measures and the definition of a future direction of research is discussed...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761286/a-qualitative-analysis-of-stress-and-relaxation-themes-contributing-to-burnout-in-first-year-psychiatry-and-medicine-residents
#16
Nicole M Benson, Deanna Chaukos, Heather Vestal, Emma F Chad-Friedman, John W Denninger, Christina P C Borba
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research on trainee well-being can add nuance to the understanding of propagators of burnout, and the role for interventions aimed at supporting well-being. This qualitative study was conducted to identify (i) situations and environments that cause stress for trainees, (ii) stress-reducing activities that trainees utilize, and (iii) whether trainees who report distress (high burnout and depression scores) describe different stressors and relaxation factors than those who do not...
May 14, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754706/ethics-committees-and-mental-health
#17
Carlos Enrique Yepes Delgado, Andrea Ocampo Montoya
Although research processes are covered by the objectivity of science, they are still influenced by the interests of those who conduct them. This is why high level committees have been tasked with defining the scope of the studies and performing a thorough assessment of them, since these imply great dilemmas. This premise leads to the emergence of Ethics Committees, where liaison psychiatry has an important place due to its communication abilities and knowledge of the human behavior. This paper attempts to provide some observations to take into account when discussing the link between ethics and mental health...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754478/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-contamination-of-phlebotomy-tourniquets-and-faucets
#18
T Abeywickrama, K Amarasinghe, S Wijerathne, C Dharmaratne, D Fernando, B C Senaratna, H A K M Gunasekera
Introduction: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is transmitted through direct contact or fomites. The most important means of nosocomial spread is by hospital personnel. However, fomites are being increasingly recognized as sources of nosocomial infection. Objectives: Our aim was to describe the MRSA contamination rate of phlebotomy tourniquets and faucets in a tertiary care hospital and to compare the contamination of plastic tourniquets with that of fabric tourniquets...
March 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#19
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739528/innovative-educational-initiatives-to-train-psychodynamic-psychiatrists-in-underserved-areas-of-the-world
#20
REVIEW
César A Alfonso, Marco Christian Michael, Sylvia Detri Elvira, Hazli Zakaria, Rasmon Kalayasiri, Aida Syarinaz A Adlan, Mahdieh Moinalghorabaei, Petrin Redayani Lukman, Mohammad San'ati, Katerina Duchonova, Timothy B Sullivan
Psychodynamic psychiatry remains a challenging subject to teach in underserved areas, where enthusiasm to learn is substantial. Besides logistical and psychiatric workforce shortcomings, sensible cultural adaptations to make psychodynamic psychiatry relevant outside of high-income countries require creative effort. Innovative pedagogical methods that include carefully crafted mentoring and incorporate videoconferencing in combination with site visits can be implemented through international collaborations. Emphasis on mentoring is essential to adequately train future psychodynamic psychotherapy supervisors...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
170484
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"