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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166654/assessment-of-functionality-of-vocal-cords-using-ultrasound-before-and-after-thyroid-surgery-an-observational-study
#1
Amarjeet Kumar, Chandni Sinha, Ajeet Kumar, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Harsh Vardhan, Kranti Bhavana, Ditipriya Bhar
Background and Aims: The preservation of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is an essential part of thyroid surgery. The various methods to test the normal functionality of vocal cords (VCs) include direct visualisation under the fiber bronchoscope, indirect laryngoscopy, laryngeal muscles electromyography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to assess the usefulness of ultrasound (USG) in the examination of VC morphology and movement. Methods: After Institutional Ethical Committee (IEC) clearance, 65 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II patients between the age group 18 and 60 years scheduled for thyroid surgery were enrolled in this observational study...
August 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671007/additional-value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-for-fusion-guided-percutaneous-biopsies-of-focal-liver-lesions-prospective-feasibility-study
#2
Hyo-Jin Kang, Jung Hoon Kim, Sang Min Lee, Hyun Kyung Yang, Su Joa Ahn, Joon Koo Han
PURPOSE: To determine the value of CEUS for real-time, fusion-guided, percutaneous biopsies of focal liver lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and written informed consents were obtained for this study. Forty patients with focal liver lesions identified on CT/MRI were prospectively enrolled. For biopsy planning, real-time fusion of CT/MRI with USG (USG-Fusion) was performed, and subsequently real-time CEUS was fused with CT/MRI (CEUS-Fusion)...
April 18, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563743/adrenal-schwannoma-treated-with-open-adrenalectomy-a-case-report
#3
Prakash Hebbulse Shivalingaiah, Pradeep Kumar, Suyash Bajoria
Adrenal schwannomas are very rare tumors accounting for only 0.2% of the adrenal tumors. These are very difficult to diagnose preoperatively and usually present as incidental non-secreting adrenal masses in asymptomatic patients or in patients with non-specific complaints. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are required to aid the diagnosis, but adrenal schwannomas cannot be distinguishably confirmed on the basis of imaging alone. Histopathological examination (HPE) is essential for accurate diagnosis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420457/ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#4
Tomasz Klatkiewicz, Krzysztof Gawriołek, Małgorzata Pobudek Radzikowska, Agata Czajka-Jakubowska
BACKGROUND The increased prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) requires searching for new, easily accessible diagnostic methods. In addition to routine clinical examination, various methods of imaging temporomandibular joints are available, such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography scans, or scintigraphy. Ultrasound imaging, due to short examination time, low cost, and non-invasiveness, should be recommended as a routine diagnostic procedure. The aim of the study was to investigate whether ultrasound imaging can be used in the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders...
February 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163987/medial-collateral-ligament-calcification-a-rare-knee-pain-entity-with-literature-review
#5
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Israt Jahan
Medial knee pain can originate from both osseous and non-osseous soft tissue structures including medial collateral ligament (MCL), creating a raft for patients' sufferings. Previously published works demonstrated MCL calcification as a rare medial knee pain entity. Alongside physical examination, radio-imaging techniques, namely conventional X-ray, CT/MRI scanning, etc. have been reported to be useful in recognizing MCL calcification. The present study demonstrates MCL calcification in a 60-year-old Asian-Bangladeshi woman, using high frequency diagnostic ultrasonogram and is the first reported study in the literature...
November 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810590/diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-cervical-macrocystic-lymphatic-malformations-in-infants
#6
Jing Ma, Ruan Biao, Fan Lou, Ken Lin, Ying-Qin Gao, Mei-Lan Wang, Yan-Li Yang, Tie-Song Zhang
The treatment of lymphatic malformations (LMs) represents a great clinical challenge. The present study reported on the treatment of 68 infants with cervical macrocystic LMs using surgical resection. The cases were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent pre-operative ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Ultrasonograms showed that 24 cases were monolocular, 44 were multilocular, 16 had no echo, 20 had a uniform low-level echo and 32 had a non-uniform low-level echo...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801336/isolated-clival-metastasis-a-rare-presentation-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#7
Anil Mani, Priyank Yadav, Vimal Kumar Paliwal, Hira Lal
Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all adult malignancies. Usual sites of metastasis are lymph nodes, lungs, bone, liver and brain. We describe a patient who presented with complaints of holocranial headache and diplopia. MRI of the head showed a clival-based lesion with associated bony erosion. With suspicion of a metastatic lesion, an ultrasonogram of the abdomen was done which showed a left renal mass that enhanced on contrast-enhanced CT. There were no other metastatic foci. Patient underwent radiotherapy for the clival lesion...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764242/page-kidney-in-wunderlich-syndrome-causing-acute-renal-failure-and-urosepsis-successful-timely-minimally-invasive-management-of-a-devastating-clinical-entity
#8
Sundaramoorthy Vijayganapathy, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Jayaram Sreenivas
Wunderlich Syndrome (WS) is an uncommon condition where acute onset of spontaneous bleeding occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces. It can prove fatal if not recognized and treated aggressively at the appropriate time. A 32-year-old male diagnosed elsewhere as acute renal failure presented with tender left loin mass, fever and hypovolemic shock with serum creatinine 8.4 mg/dl. He was started on higher antibiotics and initiated on haemodialysis. Ultrasonogram (USG), Non-Contrast Computed Tomography (NCCT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed bilateral perirenal subcapsular haematomas - right 3...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274020/role-of-cross-sectional-imaging-in-isolated-chest-wall-tuberculosis
#9
Deb Kumar Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Barun K Sharma, Arjun Prakash, Dhabal D Dhingani, Karobi Bora
INTRODUCTION: Isolated chest wall tuberculosis though a rare entity, the incidence of it has been on rise among immunocompromised population making it an important challenging diagnosis for the physicians. Its clinical presentation may resemble pyogenic chest wall abscess or chest wall soft tissue tumour. Sometimes it is difficult to detect clinically or on plain radiograph. AIM: The present study was conducted with an aim to evaluate the common sites and varying appearances of isolated chest wall tuberculosis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994334/dual-time-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-initial-locoregional-staging-of-breast-carcinoma-comparison-with-conventional-imaging-and-pathological-prognostic-factors
#10
Aynur Ozen, Serdar Altinay, Ozgul Ekmekcioglu, Ramazan Albayrak, Ali Muhammedoglu, Hakan Yigitbas, Eylem Bastug, Atilla Celik
The aims of this retrospective study were to consider the diagnostic role of dual-time (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in detection of breast carcinoma and axillary lymph node (ALN) status and to evaluate the primary tumor (18)F-FDG uptake pattern. Preoperative staging was performed by (18)F-FDG PET/CT in 78 female patients with breast carcinoma. Conventional imaging results were evaluated by breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 79 lesions in 78 patients, bilateral mammography (MMG) of 40 lesions in 40 patients, and breast ultrasonography (USG) of 47 lesions in 46 patients...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878066/a-rare-case-of-invasive-apocrine-carcinoma-of-the-breast-with-unusual-radiologic-findings
#11
Ji Min Kim, Shin Young Kim, Mee Hye Oh, Jong Eun Lee
Invasive apocrine carcinoma (IAC) of the breast is a rare subtype of breast malignancy. Its incidence is not well known, but it is approximately less than 1% to 4%. For these reasons, there are few reports and little information on the radiologic appearance of IAC. Furthermore, most of the case reports show malignant features which are similar to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). We present a rare case of IAC without typical malignant feature on mammography, and ultrasonography (USG). Imaging findings on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT are also presented...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722098/radiological-manifestations-of-hydatid-disease-and-its-complications
#12
REVIEW
Pooja Mehta, Mahesh Prakash, Niranjan Khandelwal
Hydatid disease (HD) is endemic in many parts of the world. HD can affect virtually any organ system in body and should be kept as differential diagnosis of cystic lesion. HD is mostly asymptomatic; however, it demonstrates a variety of characteristic imaging findings depending on the site of involvement, stage of growth, mass effect, complications, or hematogenous spread, which helps in diagnosis. Radiography, ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used imaging modalities...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666604/intestinal-malrotation-in-patients-with-situs-anomaly-implication-of-the-relative-positions-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-and-vein
#13
Kyu Sung Choi, Young Hun Choi, Jung-Eun Cheon, Woo Sun Kim, In One Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of the relative position of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in diagnosing intestinal malrotation in situs anomaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2004 to April 2015, 33 patients with situs anomalies were enrolled in this study who underwent abdominal USG, CT or MRI as well as upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS) or surgery: situs inversus (n=16), left isomerism (n=10), and right isomerism (n=7); age 21...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656526/comparative-evaluation-of-ultrasonography-and-cross-sectional-imaging-in-determining-gall-bladder-perforation-in-accordance-to-niemeier-s-classification
#14
Deb K Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Barun Kumar Sharma, D R Boruah
INTRODUCTION: Gall Bladder (GB) perforation, a rare but dreaded complication of acute cholecystitis and is associated with high mortality rate. Early detection of acute cases of GB perforation reduces the risk of biliary peritonitis and hence the associated mortality and morbidity. AIM: The purpose of the study was to make a comparative evaluation of the role of Cross-sectional imaging in GB perforation with base line investigation like sonography. Finally both modalities were compared in determining the type of perforation according to Niemeier's classification...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239365/a-very-rare-complication-of-acute-appendicitis-appendicovesical-fistula
#15
Deniz Alis, Cesur Samanci, Yesim Namdar, Fethi Emre Ustabasioglu, Elif Yamac, Onur Tutar, Burak Ucpinar, Bulent Onal
Appendicovesical fistula (AVF) is an uncommon type of enterovesical fistula and a very rare complication of acute appendicitis. Herein, we report a case of 39-year-old male patient who presented with persistent urinary tract infection, recurrent abdominal pain, and pneumaturia. Imaging techniques including ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed to identify the abnormality. However, definitive diagnosis of AVF was made by cystoscopy.
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099571/surveillance-and-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Paul Fitzmorris, Ashwani K Singal
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an important cause of cancer-related death worldwide. If the disease is detected early, the treatment is more likely to be curative. This article discusses the current evidence regarding the surveillance and diagnosis of HCC, focusing on recent articles and the recommendations of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), which are briefly compared with the recommendations of other liver disease organizations. HCC surveillance aims to detect disease at an early stage in order to augment the likelihood of curative treatment...
January 2015: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835320/wilms-tumor-with-intravascular-tumor-thrombus
#17
Suna Emir
Wilms tumor (WT) is one of the most common solid tumors in children. It is the second most common extracranial solid tumor after neuroblastoma. WT has a strong tendency to invade blood vessels in the form of tumor thrombus, into the renal veins, and inferior vena cava and even into the right atrium. Extension of tumor thrombus along to the renal vein into the inferior vena cava occurs in 4-10% of all patients. Tumor thrombus extending to the right atrium is less reported as 0.7-1%. WT with renal vein thrombus has been reported to be more common in the right kidney because of the shorter right renal vein...
January 2014: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817349/-retinoblastoma-genetic-background-modern-diagnostic-methods-and-therapies
#18
REVIEW
Wojciech Krzemień, Jakub Wojcieszak, Jolanta B Zawilska
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular eye tumor of the pediatric age. It develops on account of a mutation on chromosome 13 in the 13q14 locus. New studies additionally demonstrated changes in the expression of other genes classified as oncogenes and suppressor genes. The tumor occurs in two forms--heritable (genetic) and non-heritable (non-genetic, sporadic). The most common clinical features of retinoblastoma are leucocoria and strabismus, however, they are not that specific because may also occur in several other eye diseases, such as Coats disease and toxocarosis...
2015: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633182/hepatic-ultrasonography-for-surveillance-in-patients-with-uveal-melanoma
#19
Maria M Choudhary, Akshay Gupta, James Bena, Todd Emch, Arun D Singh
IMPORTANCE: There is a lack of information regarding the role of systemic surveillance in patients with primary uveal melanoma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of serial hepatic ultrasonography (USG) for detection of asymptomatic liver metastases in patients undergoing surveillance after primary treatment of uveal melanoma. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study reviewing data from patients with primary uveal melanoma treated between October 2003 and October 2012 at a multispecialty tertiary care center...
February 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379764/the-significance-of-bartonella-henselae-bacterias-for-oncological-diagnosis-in-children
#20
Katarzyna Mazur-Melewska, Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Anna Mania, Paweł Kemnitz, Jarosław Szydłowski, Wojciech Służewski, Magdalena Figlerowicz
BACKGROUND: Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common infection in children; however, the wide spectrum of its clinical picture may lead to delayed diagnosis. An unusual presentation of CSD includes in the differential diagnosis malignant diseases, Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus infections, tuberculosis, and mycobacterioses. The diagnostic procedure is difficult, and it is important to consider CSD as the etiology of untypical lesion. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We present the analysis of 22 immunocompetent children treated with the clinical diagnosis of CSD in our hospital...
2015: Infectious Agents and Cancer
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