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Endoscopy Bariatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109667/bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-portal-hypertension
#1
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Arthur McCullough, Srinivasan Dasarathy, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian, Philip R Schauer
INTRODUCTION: Studies on bariatric patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension are limited. The aim of this study was to review our experience in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension who had bariatric surgery. METHOD: All cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery, from 2007 to 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included; eight (62%) were female. The median age was 54 years (interquartile range, IQR 49-60) and median BMI was 48 kg/m2 (IQR 43-55)...
August 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074143/endoscopic-management-of-post-bariatric-surgery-fistula-a-tertiary-care-center-experience
#2
Hedi Benosman, Gabriel Rahmi, Guillaume Perrod, Mathieu Bruzzi, Elia Samaha, Ariane Vienne, Charles André Cuenod, Jean Marc Chevallier, Richard Douard, Christophe Cellier
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Post-laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) fistula is a major complication, responsible for high morbidity. Endoscopic treatment represents an alternative to surgical management, with variable approaches and success rates. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 2010 and March 2015, all patients referred to our center for endoscopic treatment of fistula related to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy were included...
August 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022425/not-all-leaks-are-created-equal-a-comparison-between-leaks-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#3
Abbas Al-Kurd, Ronit Grinbaum, Ala'a Abubeih, Ariel Verbner, Amram Kupietzky, Ido Mizrahi, Haggi Mazeh, Nahum Beglaibter
INTRODUCTION: It is commonly stated in bariatric surgical forums that leaks following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are more difficult to manage than those following laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). However, no previous study has provided a thorough comparison of leak management following these two operations. METHODS: Our database was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with leak following LSG and LRYGB performed between January 2007 and December 2017...
July 19, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950798/optimizing-hospital-resource-utilization-in-bariatric-readmission
#4
Jerome R Lyn-Sue, Justin A Doble, Ryan M Juza, Vamsi V Alli
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of patients with a history of bariatric surgery is climbing. Medical and surgical questions arising in this patient population may prompt them to present to the nearest emergency department (ED), irrespective of that facility's experience with bariatric surgery. The emergency physician is the first to evaluate patients with a history of bariatric surgery who present with abdominal symptoms. As a quality improvement project aimed at reducing resource utilization, we sought to determine which patients presenting to the ED could be treated in an outpatient setting in lieu of hospital admission...
April 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915974/managing-a-positive-air-leak-test-during-a-gastrojejunostomy-revision
#5
Dvir Froylich, Matthew Davis, Gautam Sharma, Tammy Fouse, Philip Schauer, Stacy Brethauer
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunostomy revision after gastric bypass surgery is a challenging procedure that requires advanced skills. The air-leak test was performed to identify gastrojejunostomy leaks. Omental patch seal technique is a well-known treatment of perforated gastrojejunostomy ulcers (Surg Obes Relat Dis 4:423-8, 2012; Surg Endosc 2:384-9, 2013; Surg Endosc 11:2110, 2007). METHODS: We present a case of a 40-year-old female, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass 6 years prior and subsequently developed marginal ulcer, resulting in chronic gastrojejunostomy stricture...
June 18, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868637/endoscopic-biodegradable-stents-as-a-rescue-treatment-in-the-management-of-post-bariatric-surgery-leaks-a-case-series
#6
Abed Al Lehibi, Areej Al Balkhi, Abdullah Al Mtawa, Nawaf Al Otaibi
Background and aims:  Postoperative leak is one of the most feared complications after bariatric surgery. Endoscopic stenting is used to manage leaks by decreasing the gastrointestinal intraluminal pressure. The main advantage of endoscopic management is providing healing while still allowing for oral nutrition. However, limited literature exists on whether biodegradable stents can be used to control leaks when conventional metallic stents fail. Methods:  Our series consists of four patients who were found to have a leak as a complication of bariatric surgery...
June 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766736/spanish-consensus-document-on-bariatric-endoscopy-part-1-general-considerations
#7
Eduardo Espinet Coll, Gontrand López-Nava Breviere, Javier Nebreda Durán, Carlos Marra-López Valenciano, Román Turró Arau, José Miguel Esteban López-Jamar, Miguel Muñoz-Navas
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial, incurable, recurrent, and progressive disease associated with significant physical and psychological complications, and considerable morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the assessment, management, and follow-up of obese patients should take place in the setting of a multidisciplinary unit equipped with adequate human and structural resources. Medical treatment using hygienic-dietary measures, while indispensable, may be insufficient, and surgery, which is reserved for severe or morbid obesity, is not exempt from complications neither is to the liking of many patients...
June 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713739/barium-upper-gi-series-in-adults-a-surgeon-s-perspective
#8
Daniel T Dempsey
Barium upper GI series performed by an interested and competent radiologist is still a very useful study to evaluate a variety of esophagogastric disorders. It usually provides information complementary to upper endoscopy and other foregut studies. Barium upper GI series is an important part of the diagnostic workup for gastroesophageal reflux disease, hiatal hernia, and esophageal motility disorders including achalasia. It is also an important part of the follow-up after operation for these common problems and after other operations such as resection or bariatric surgery...
June 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679149/totally-endoscopic-implant-to-effect-a-gastric-bypass-12-month-safety-and-efficacy-outcomes
#9
Bryan J Sandler, Laurent Biertho, Mehran Anvari, Roberto Rumbaut, Luis Alonso Morales-Garza, Gustavo Torres-Barrera, Simon Marceau, Dennis Hong, C Daniel Smith, Santiago Horgan
BACKGROUND: Only a small percentage of candidates for bariatric surgery ever undergo a procedure for weight loss. Devices duplicating key effects of bariatric surgeries with removable, fully trans-oral implants could extend their benefits to patients unwilling to undergo anatomy-altering abdominal surgeries. METHODS: Thirty-two obese subjects (mean BMI: 42.3) were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter, single-arm, feasibility trial of the first fully trans-oral endoscopic gastrointestinal bypass device...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629892/does-digestive-symptoms-require-esophago-gastroscopy-prior-to-bariatric-procedure-assessment-of-6-years-experience
#10
Serdar Yormaz, Kafali Yilmaz, Husnu Alptekin, Ilhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Bayram Colak, Mehmet Ertugrul Kafali, Enes Sahin, Mustafa Sahin
AIM: Performance of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery is still a controversial subject. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of performing preoperative EGE in a cohort of bariatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed between March 2010 and June 2016. We divided the study participants into two groups: group A comprised subjects without disturbing upper digestive signs, while group B comprised patients with disturbing upper digestive signs...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616464/practices-concerning-revisional-bariatric-surgery-a-survey-of-460-surgeons
#11
Kamal K Mahawar, Abdelrahman Nimeri, Marco Adamo, Cynthia-Michelle Borg, Rishi Singhal, Omar Khan, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: There is currently little evidence available on various aspects of Revisional Bariatric Surgery (RBS) and no published consensus amongst experts. The purpose of this study was to understand variation in practices concerning RBS. METHODS: Bariatric surgeons from around the world who perform RBS were invited to participate in a questionnaire-based survey on SurveyMonkey®. RESULTS: A total of 460 respondents from 62 countries took the survey...
April 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519608/the-impact-of-preoperative-investigations-on-the-management-of-bariatric-patients-results-of-a-cohort-of-more-than-1200-cases
#12
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
May 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509536/gastroesophageal-reflux-before-metabolic-surgery
#13
Ionuţ Hutopilă, A Constantin, Cătălin Copăescu
Background: Obesity has significantly increased in the last decades and metabolic (bariatric) surgery has been extended accordingly. Clinical manifestations of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are frequent in the obese population but the presence of GERD premises (i.e. Hiatala hernia) or complications in asymptomatic patients undergoing metabolic surgery is unclear. AIM: (1) to identify gastroesophageal reflux condition or complications in patients undergoing metabolic surgery. (2) Study the correlations of the clinical symptoms of GERD with the preoperative radiological and endoscopic findings...
January 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508269/specialty-article-so-you-think-you-got-a-bypass-a-case-series-of-adventures-in-bariatric-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Eugene Y Wang, Timothy R Shope
To raise awareness for surgeons encountering bariatric patients with anatomy that deviates from the standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This is a single-institution retrospective case series over 12 years (2003-2014) involving patients who believed they received RYGBs, but actually did not. Data was obtained reviewing physician encounters, imaging, and operative reports. There were six cases with confusing clinical pictures, found to have aberrant RYGB anatomy: (1) gastric bypass with jejuno-jejunostomy only without gastrojejunostomy, (2) distal partial vertical gastrectomy without expected prosthetic band, (3) inverse vertical banded gastroplasty, (4) non-divided gastric bypass with no gastrojejunostomy, (5) 20-cm Roux limb, with gastro-gastric fistula, and (6) 200-cm bilio-pancreatic limb similar to the traditional Scopinaro procedure...
May 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484193/serological-biomarker-testing-helps-avoiding-unnecessary-endoscopies-in-obese-patients-before-bariatric-surgery
#15
Jaanus Suumann, Toomas Sillakivi, Živile Riispere, Kari Syrjänen, Pentti Sipponen, Ülle Kirsimägi, Ants Peetsalu
Background: To assess the value of serological biomarker testing as a substitute for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) in pre-operative assessment of patients referred for bariatric surgery. Methods: Sixty-five obese patients with a mean age of 43 years (range: 21-65) and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44 (range: 36-59) were studied. The patients were tested with a four-biomarker panel: pepsinogen I and II, gastrin-17 (basal and stimulated), and Helicobacter pylori (HP) antibodies (GastroPanel®, Biohit Oyj, Finland)...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476195/-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-role-of-radiology-in-diagnostics
#16
REVIEW
G Böhm
BACKGROUND: The radiological evaluation of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) is a diagnostic challenge. Although endoscopy has pushed radiographic methods into the background, these methods continue to play a key role in the diagnosis of dysphagia. In addition, cross-sectional imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) is increasingly used in complex clinical cases to evaluate surrounding tissue changes. METHODS: By combining conventional double-contrast techniques with a video recording, the entire upper GI tract can be assessed both anatomically and functionally in one examination procedure...
April 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310815/endoluminal-stenting-for-the-management-of-leak-following-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-loop-duodenojejunal-bypass-with-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
Ying-Nan Tsai, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chih-Kun Huang, Po-Chin Chang, I-Chang Lin, Chi-Ming Tai
Postoperative leak is a serious complication of bariatric surgery and often results in significant morbidity and mortality. Stent placement is a less invasive alternative to surgery for the treatment of bariatric surgical leak. We evaluated the efficacy and complications of covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) in the treatment of post-bariatric surgical leak. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent stent placement for leak after bariatric surgery. Leak was diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal series or was visualized during the endoscopy...
January 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305814/histopathology-findings-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Ammiel Martínez Canil, Angelo Iossa, Pietro Termine, Daniela Caporilli, Vincenzo Petrozza, Gianfranco Silecchia
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has gained popularity in the last 10 years for its good results in weight loss and comorbidity control. However, guidelines on the pathological examination of the specimen are lacking. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the usefulness of the routine specimen examination when presurgery endoscopy (upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, UGIE) and multiple gastric biopsies are part of the preoperative work-up. METHODS: A retrospective review of records of the patients submitted to LSG between January 2012 and August 2017 was carried out...
June 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280701/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-migration-an-early-approach-for-a-late-complication
#19
G Martines, A Picciariello, I Ugenti, E Lagovardou, R Digennaro, P Capuano
AIM: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) migration is an uncommon late complication after bariatric surgery. It usually presents with an unexplained weight increase or without any symptom. Current guidelines do not establish the timing of a clear endoscopic follow-up to prevent and/or to treat this kind of complication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Long-term follow-up was performed in 217 patients with LAGB (37 underwent surgery in other bariatric centers). At the endoscopic check, 3 patients presented banding erosion respectively 7, 9 and 11 years after surgery...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208780/does-digestive-symptoms-require-esophago-gastroscopy-prior-to-bariatric-procedure-assessment-of-6-years-experience
#20
Serdar Yormaz, Huseyin Yilmaz, Husnu Alptekin, Ilhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Bayram Colak, Mehmet Ertugrul Kafali, Enes Sahin, Mustafa Sahin
AIM: Performance of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery is still a controversial subject. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of performing preoperative EGE in a cohort of bariatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed between March 2010 and June 2016. We divided the study participants into two groups: group A comprised subjects without disturbing upper digestive signs, while group B comprised patients with disturbing upper digestive signs...
November 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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