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Endoscopy Bariatric Surgery

S Elens, T Roger, M Elens, J Rommens, A Sarafidis, E Capelluto, C Delcour
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of left gastric artery (LGA) embolization for the treatment of overweight patients who weren't candidates for bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of 16 patients who underwent a selective embolization of the LGA. The mean body mass index (BMI) before intervention was 28.9 kg/m2  ± 2.5, and therefore, patients were not candidates for bariatric surgery in Belgium...
November 28, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Christer D Johansen, Jan Norum, Bernt E Engebretsen, Uwe Agledahl
Bariatric surgery is an effective approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders. Stenosis is a common complication of gastric banding. Balloon dilatation or gastrotomy has been employed in this setting. Few studies have indicated endoscopic removal of the band a feasible procedure. We present a 60-year-old female who underwent gastric banding in 1985 and suffered from late stenosis and malnutrition. Endoscopy revealed a severe stenosis. A two-step procedure was performed. Initially a coated stent was placed into the stenosis to achieve pressure necrosis...
November 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Diogo T H de Moura, Amit H Sachdev, Christopher C Thompson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastrointestinal transmural defects are defined as total rupture of the gastrointestinal wall and can be divided into three main categories: perforations, leaks, and fistulas. Due to an increase in the number of therapeutic endoscopic procedures including full-thickness resections and the increase incidence of complications related to bariatric surgeries, there has been an increase in the number of transmural defects seen in clinical practice and the number of non-invasive endoscopic treatment procedures used to treat these defects...
December 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
G Kourounis, R Pearson, D McArthur, S Gibson
Bariatric surgery is an established intervention providing significant health benefits to patients with obesity. As a result, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence now recommends bariatric surgery for those that fulfil the eligibility criteria, while emphasising the need for multidisciplinary care before and after surgery. The UK National Bariatric Surgery Registry shows gastric band procedures to be the second most common bariatric procedure performed in the UK. Gastric band erosion is a known potential complication treated primarily by laparoscopic removal of band and repair of stomach...
October 29, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Lionel El Khoury, Rosa Benvenga, Rodolfo Romero, Regis Cohen, Joel Roussel, Jean-Marc Catheline
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become one of the most dramatically increasing bariatric procedures worldwide due to its excellent results and impact on the obesity pandemic. Morbid obesity is known to increase the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. However, the evolution of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) along with Barrett's esophagus (BE) after SG is of concern since there is little data available. We present a case of esophageal adenocarcinoma after SG with known intestinal metaplasia on preoperative gastroscopy...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Bassem Abou Hussein, Ali Khammas, Mariam Shokr, Maiyasa Majid, Mariam Sandal, Sameer Al Awadhi, Alya Al Mazrouei, Faisal Badri
Introduction  The routine use of preoperative endoscopy for patients undergoing bariatric surgery is controversial. Although many surgeons find it unnecessary, others still consider it a mandatory tool in preoperative assessment. Patients and methods  We reviewed the medical records of all patients who had undergone preoperative endoscopy before bariatric surgery in Rashid Hospital between January 2013 and June 2016. The patients were divided into three groups: Group 0 included patients with normal endoscopy; Group 1 included patients with abnormalities that did not affect the timing or type of procedure; Group 2 included patients with abnormalities that had a direct impact on the procedure...
October 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Christopher C Thompson
Bariatric endoscopy is an emerging subspecialty for gastroenterologists encompassing a broad array of procedures including primary endoscopic bariatric and metabolic therapies and the treatment of complications of bariatric surgery. In addition, comprehensive understanding of lifestyle intervention and pharmacotherapy are essential to successful outcomes. This review summarizes goals and steps of training for this emerging field.
September 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
Christine Stroh, Uwe Will, Frank Meyer, Thomas Manger
The 2011 World Health Summit reported the epidemics of diabetes mellitus and morbid obesity. In Germany, 62.7% of the population have a BMI above 25 kg/m² and 21.9% above 30 kg/m². 10.5 patients per 100,000 inhabitants were treated with metabolic surgery, whereas in France 86.0 and in Sweden 114.8 patients per 100,000 inhabitants were given surgery. The development of endoscopic methods leads to the opportunity to bridge patients with a high risk profile before operation. Endoscopy is an excellent procedure with few complications...
October 5, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Benjamin Clapp, Joshua Hahn, Christopher Dodoo, Angela Guerra, Elizabeth de la Rosa, Alan Tyroch
BACKGROUND: Marginal ulcer (MU) formation is a known problem after gastric bypass. The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database contains data from all US and Canadian Centers of Excellence including complication rates. We hypothesized that the short-term rate of ulceration is low. METHODS: We queried the MBSAQIP database for the year 2015. We searched patients with primary gastric bypass who developed MU. We then compared preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics with patients who did not develop MU...
September 24, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Chin Hong Lim, Phong Ching Lee, Eugene Lim, Jeremy Tan, Weng Hoong Chan, Hong Chang Tan, Sonali Ganguly, Kwang Wei Tham, Alvin Eng
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the preferred bariatric procedure in many countries. However, there is one shortcoming of LSG in the long-term follow-up and this is the onset of GERD and erosive esophagitis (EE). Current evidence of the effect of SG on GERD did not consolidate to a consensus. In this study, we objectively evaluate the incidence of EE 1 year post-LSG with upper endoscopy (EGD) and try to identify the significant variables and possible underlying mechanisms of the EE post-LSG...
September 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Syed Nabeel Zafar, Kaylie Miller, Jessica Felton, Eric S Wise, Mark Kligman
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is a common, safe and effective bariatric procedure. Bleeding is a significant source of postoperative morbidity. We aimed to determine the incidence, outcomes, and predictors of postoperative bleeding after LRYGB. METHODS: LRYGB patients included in the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) 2015 dataset were identified. Preoperative and intraoperative factors were tested for associations with bleeding using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis...
September 19, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Daniel N Velasco Hernández, Santiago B De Battista, Héctor R Horiuchi, Maria M Zicavo
INTRODUCTION: Although carcinoid tumours are a rare gastrointestinal neoplasm with an incidence rate of 1-2.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants, they are the most common neuroendocrine tumour of the stomach. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year-old-man consulted for epigastric pain and dyspepsia symptoms. His past medical and surgical history included obesity (BMI: 53.9 kg/m2 ), hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus type 2, cardiac failure and a surgical treatment with laparoscopic gastric banding...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Maciej Walędziak, Anna Różańska-Walędziak, Michał R Janik, Krzysztof W Paśnik, Piotr K Kowalewski
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a serious lifestyle disease with various comorbidities and an augmented risk of cancer. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has recently become the most popular bariatric procedure worldwide. While the cost-effectiveness is a major healthcare providers' concern, the point of histological exam of each resected tissue may be questioned. MATERIAL/METHODS: We prospectively included patients who underwent LSG. Before the surgery, gastroscopy and abdominal sonography were performed to exclude malignancies...
September 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Ivo Boškoski, Guido Costamagna
Many different types of endoscopy robot have been developed or are under development. Some of these innovative biotechnologies are dedicated to complex endoscopic procedures such as endoscopic submucosal dissection whereas others are purely diagnostic. In endoscopy robotics, there are still several problems that need a solution. These problems basically concern robotic locomotion and instrument control, as well as clinical application. In most cases, the technology is still under development. The current fields of investigation are augmented reality, advances in actuation and reduction of hysteresis, optical analysis, wireless movement transmission and many others...
September 1, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Yuichi Endo, Masayuki Ohta, Kazuhiro Tada, Kunihiro Saga, Hiroomi Takayama, Teijiro Hirashita, Hiroki Uchida, Yukio Iwashita, Masafumi Inomata
PURPOSES: The choice between performing routine and selective upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) before bariatric surgery remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of UGE before laparoscopic bariatric procedures. METHODS: We enrolled 155 obese Japanese patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric procedures at our institute and evaluated their endoscopic findings, such as reflux esophagitis (RE), hiatal hernia (HH), Barrett's esophagus, gastritis, duodenitis, gastroduodenal ulcer, gastric cancer, and polyps...
August 25, 2018: Surgery Today
Oliver A Varban, Jyothi R Thumma, Jonathan F Finks, Arthur M Carlin, Paul R Kemmeter, Amir A Ghaferi, Justin B Dimick
BACKGROUND: Considerable technical variation exists when performing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). However, little is known about which techniques are associated with optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare technical variation among surgeons with the lowest complication rates and whose patients achieved the most weight loss. METHODS: Practicing bariatric surgeons (n = 30) voluntarily submitted a video of a typical LSG performed between 2015 and 2016...
August 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Arthur McCullough, Srinivasan Dasarathy, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian, Philip R Schauer
INTRODUCTION: Studies on bariatric patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension are limited. The aim of this study was to review our experience in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension who had bariatric surgery. METHOD: All cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery, from 2007 to 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included; eight (62%) were female. The median age was 54 years (interquartile range, IQR 49-60) and median BMI was 48 kg/m2 (IQR 43-55)...
November 2018: Obesity Surgery
Hedi Benosman, Gabriel Rahmi, Guillaume Perrod, Mathieu Bruzzi, Elia Samaha, Ariane Vienne, Charles André Cuenod, Jean Marc Chevallier, Richard Douard, Christophe Cellier
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Post-laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) fistula is a major complication, responsible for high morbidity. Endoscopic treatment represents an alternative to surgical management, with variable approaches and success rates. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 2010 and March 2015, all patients referred to our center for endoscopic treatment of fistula related to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy were included...
December 2018: Obesity Surgery
Abbas Al-Kurd, Ronit Grinbaum, Ala'a Abubeih, Ariel Verbner, Amram Kupietzky, Ido Mizrahi, Haggi Mazeh, Nahum Beglaibter
INTRODUCTION: It is commonly stated in bariatric surgical forums that leaks following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are more difficult to manage than those following laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). However, no previous study has provided a thorough comparison of leak management following these two operations. METHODS: Our database was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with leak following LSG and LRYGB performed between January 2007 and December 2017...
December 2018: Obesity Surgery
Jerome R Lyn-Sue, Justin A Doble, Ryan M Juza, Vamsi V Alli
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of patients with a history of bariatric surgery is climbing. Medical and surgical questions arising in this patient population may prompt them to present to the nearest emergency department (ED), irrespective of that facility's experience with bariatric surgery. The emergency physician is the first to evaluate patients with a history of bariatric surgery who present with abdominal symptoms. As a quality improvement project aimed at reducing resource utilization, we sought to determine which patients presenting to the ED could be treated in an outpatient setting in lieu of hospital admission...
April 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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