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Articles 2017

Wade Thompson, Carina Lundby, Trine Graabaek, Dorthe S Nielsen, Jesper Ryg, Jens Søndergaard, Anton Pottegård
OBJECTIVES: To summarize available tools that can assist clinicians in identifying and reducing or stopping (deprescribing) potentially inappropriate medications and that specifically consider frailty or limited life expectancy. DESIGN: Systematic review and narrative synthesis. SETTING: We searched MEDLINE (via Ovid SP), EMBASE (via Ovid SP), and CINAHL from inception to December 2017, along with grey literature. We included articles that described a tool to guide deprescribing of medications...
October 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Ichiro Oda, Shu Hoteya, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro
Japan Endoscopy Database (JED) was launched to collect the actual data of endoscopic practice throughout Japan. A total of 13,783 patients diagnosed as having gastric cancer (GC) endoscopically (mean age; 69.8±10.7, male/female; 10,060/ 3,723) were registered in the JED project at eight Japanese endoscopic centers between January 2015 and March 2017. The data were collected offline by integrating from two endoscopic filing systems. Table 1 shows the Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection status in 10,433 data-available patients, excluding 3,350 missing-data patients...
October 13, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Meri Sieviläinen, Rabeia Almahmoudi, Ahmed Al-Samadi, Tuula Salo, Matti Pirinen, Alhadi Almangush
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of immune checkpoints in immunotherapy, the prognostic value of these molecules remains controversial in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We performed a systematic review to investigate the prognostic significance of the immune checkpoints in OSCC. MATERIALS: A systematic search was conducted in Ovid Medline, Scopus and Cochrane libraries and all studies that evaluated the prognostic significance of immune checkpoints in OSCC were systematically retrieved...
October 13, 2018: Oral Diseases
Sarah Morey, Abi Hamoodi, Dee Jones, Tina Young, Craig Thompson, Julie Dhuny, Emma Buchanan, Carolyn Miller, Margaret Hewett, Manoj Valappil, Ewan Hunter, Stuart McPherson
With recent advances in anti-viral therapy there is an opportunity to eliminate HCV from the UK population. HCV is common in incarcerated individuals, with previous estimates suggesting ~7% of the UK prison population is anti-HCV antibody positive. Increasing diagnosis and treatment of HCV in prison is a priority in seeking to eliminate transmission in the general population. Thus the study aimed, to assess the impact implementation of: 1. A universal offer of blood borne virus testing (UOBBVT) using dry blood spot testing for prisoners at reception to increase diagnosis; 2...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
P D Katsoulos, S C Chaintoutis, E I Agianniotaki, C I Dovas, C Boscos
An original article (Abutarbush and Tuppurainen 2018) has recently been published online in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. At the introduction section of this paper the authors attempted to present the current knowledge about the prevalence of adverse reactions after vaccination against Lumpy skin Disease (LSD) with the Neethling strain of the virus (LSDV). The commenting of the selected references (EFSA report 2017; Agianniotaki et al. 2017; Katsoulos et al. 2018) suggests that the prevalence of adverse reactions referred in the Greek study (Katsoulos et al...
October 13, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Yuan O Zhu, Pauline Aw, Myo Myint Aung, Hong Kai Lee, Martin Hibberd, Guan Huei Lee
The hepatitis E virus can cause chronic infections in immuno-suppressed patients, and cases have been on the rise globally. Viral mutations during such infections are difficult to characterize. We deep sequenced viral populations from 15 immuno-compromised patients with chronic HEV to identify the viral lineage and describe viral mutational hotspots within and across patients. 21 viral RNA samples were collected between 2012-2017 from a single hospital in Singapore. Sequences covering a total of 3894bp of the HEV genome were obtained...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Andrea Farolfi, Pietro Ghedini, Stefano Fanti
The author names in the original version of this article were inversed. Correct author names were reflected here.
October 12, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
C Liu, H W Li, L Wang, L Zhu, X F Jiang, M J Yang, B Li, C Zhang, H F Yang, X X Xu
AIM: To assess the diagnostic value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at several anatomical locations in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) to explore the optimal parameters and measurement location. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted using the PubMed, EBSCO, Ovid, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases to identify articles relevant to this study published before September 2017...
October 9, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Yi-Kai Tea, Benjamin W Frable, Anthony C Gill
Following publication of the original article (Tea et al., 2018), an error was noted in the museum registration number for the holotype of the new species Cirrhilabrus cyanogularis (PNM 15354). This registration number is a duplicate number already in use for the holotype of Cirrhilabrus shutmani (Tea Gill, 2017). The new registration number for the holotype of Cirrhilabrus cyanogularis is now PNM 15360.
September 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Mark J Grygier, Eduardo SuÁrez-Morales
This work seeks to expose and clear up nomenclatural irregularities involving copepods of the order Monstrilloida, family Monstrillidae. The diagnostic text related to Monstrilla minuta Isaac, 1974 and four nominal species of Thaumaleus Krøyer, 1849 (now Cymbasoma Thompson, 1888) proposed by Isaac in 1974 is sufficient for all names to be available from their original description except for Thaumaleus similirostratus, which was proposed conditionally in 1974 and was first made available by Isaac in 1975; "similirostris" as used by Grygier in 1995 is an incorrect subsequent spelling...
September 30, 2018: Zootaxa
Yaoheng Lu, Zhicheng Zhao, Ji Wang, Wenhao Lv, Li Lu, Weihua Fu, Weidong Li
Retrospective studies have suggested that capecitabine combined with temozolomide (CAPTEM) is effective for treating patients with advanced neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs); however, the efficacy and safety of this regimen needs to be verified by high-quality evidence or results of randomized controlled trials.We carried out a meta-analysis to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a CAPTEM protocol for patients with advanced NENs. Systematic electronic literature searches were conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, and among meeting abstracts of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, European Society for Medical Oncology, European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society, and North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society, up to June 30, 2017...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rosa B Gutarra-Vilchez, Xavier Bonfill Cosp, Demián Glujovsky, Andres Viteri-García, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: The rate of successful pregnancies brought to term has barely increased since the first assisted reproductive technology (ART) technique became available. Vasodilators have been proposed to increase endometrial receptivity, thicken the endometrium, and favour uterine relaxation, all of which could improve uterine receptivity and enhance the chances for successful assisted pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of vasodilators in women undergoing fertility treatment...
October 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bérangère S Joly, Pierre Boisseau, Elien Roose, Alain Stepanian, Nathalie Biebuyck, Julien Hogan, François Provot, Yahsou Delmas, Céline Garrec, Karen Vanhoorelbeke, Paul Coppo, Agnès Veyradier
BACKGROUND:  Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP) or Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is a rare, life-threatening, inherited thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). USS is mostly due to bi-allelic recessive sequence variations of the a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats, member 13 ( ADAMTS13 ) gene inducing a severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (activity < 10 IU/dL). In healthy individuals, ADAMTS13 circulates in a folded conformation where CUB domains interact with the spacer domain...
October 12, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
M H F Sakeena, Alexandra A Bennett, Andrew J McLachlan
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global challenge. Developing countries are more vulnerable to the consequences of AMR than developed nations because of complex issues pertaining to the nature their health care systems. Inappropriate antimicrobial drug use and the unrestricted availability of antimicrobial agents in community pharmacies in developing countries can contribute to emergence of resistant microbes. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the availability of antimicrobial agents without a doctor's prescription in developing countries and to investigate factors that contribute to inappropriate antimicrobial supply in developing countries...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Yusuke Kawamoto, Takahisa Fujikawa, Yusuke Sakamoto, Norio Emoto, Ryo Takahashi, Yuichiro Kawamura, Akira Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The risk of developing hemorrhagic complications during or after emergency cholecystectomy in patients with antithrombic therapy (ATT) remains uncertain. In this study, we evaluate outcomes in patients with ATT undergoing emergency cholecystectomy and assess the relevance between ATT and perioperative complications including bleeding complications. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated 296 patients who were diagnosed as acute cholecystitis and underwent emergency cholecystectomy between 2005 and 2017...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Tanveen Ishaque, Allan B Massie, Mary G Bowring, Christine E Haugen, Jessica M Ruck, Samantha E Halpern, Madeleine M Waldram, Macey L Henderson, Jacqueline Garonzik Wang, Andrew MacGregor Cameron, Benjamin Philosophe, Shane Ottmann, Anne F Rositch, Dorry L Segev
Historically, exception points for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) led to higher transplant rates and lower waitlist mortality compared to non-HCC candidates. As of October 2015, HCC candidates must wait 6 months after initial application to obtain exception points; the impact of this policy remains unstudied. Using 2013-2017 SRTR data, we identified 39,350 adult, first-time, active waitlist candidates and compared deceased-donor liver transplant (DDLT) rates, and waitlist mortality/dropout for HCC versus non-HCC candidates before (10/8/2013-10/7/2015, pre-policy) and after (10/8/2015-10/7/2017, post-policy) the policy change using Cox and competing risks regression, respectively...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Adnan Čustović, Michael D Cabana, Philip R Lee, Sharon D Dell, Antoine Deschildre, Gunilla Hedlin, Elham Hossny, Peter Le Souëf, Paolo M Matricardi, Antonio Nieto, Wanda Phipatanakul, Paulo M Pitrez, Petr Pohunek, Marcela Gavornikova, Xavier Jaumont, David B Price
BACKGROUND: Despite remarkable advances in our understanding of asthma, there are still several unmet needs associated with the management of pediatric asthma. METHODS: A two-day, face-to-face, meeting was held in London, United Kingdom, on 28th and 29th October 2017 involving a group of international expert clinicians and scientists in asthma management to discuss the challenges and unmet needs that remain to be addressed in pediatric asthma. RESULTS: These unmet needs include a lack of clinical efficacy and safety evidence, and limited availability of non-steroid-based alternative therapies in patients <6 years of age...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Alba Mohedano, Ana Castillo, Julio de Pablos, Carlos Barrios
This study aimed to assess the scientific production of bone lengthening research by identifying the most-cited papers. All articles including the term 'bone lengthening' published between 2001 and 2017 were retrieved through the Web of Science database. The 100 most-cited articles on bone lengthening included a total of 4244 citations, with 414 (9.7%) citations in 2017. There was an average of 249.6 citations per year. The articles predominantly addressed biomechanics and bone formation (38). Different surgical techniques, including intramedullary nail (14), Ilizarov (nine), intramedullary skeletal kinetic distractor (ISKD) (six), Taylor spatial frame (6), the PRECICE device (three), and lengthening and submuscular locking plate (three), were the second most-studied topic...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Graziano Vignolini, Riccardo Campi, Francesco Sessa, Isabella Greco, Aida Larti, Saverio Giancane, Arcangelo Sebastianelli, Mauro Gacci, Adriano Peris, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Alberto Breda, Giampaolo Siena, Sergio Serni
OBJECTIVE: To report the development of the first robot-assisted kidney transplantation (RAKT) program from deceased donors examining technical feasibility and early perioperative and functional outcomes at a referral academic Centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A robotic kidney transplantation program was developed in 2016 at our Institution following a structured modular training. Specific inclusion/exclusion criteria for both living and deceased donors were set. Data from patients undergoing RAKT from January 2017 to April 2018 were prospectively collected in an a priori developed web-based dataset...
October 12, 2018: BJU International
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Heidi D Nelson, Reva Stidd, Susan Moskosky, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Currently, no federal guidelines provide recommendations on healthy birth spacing for women in the United States. This systematic review summarises associations between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse maternal outcomes to inform the development of birth spacing recommendations for the United States. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, POPLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and a previous systematic review were searched to identify relevant articles published from 1 January 2006 and 1 May 2017...
October 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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