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Articles 2017

Asma Sohail, Olivia C Smibert, Greg Snell, Miranda Paraskeva, Adam Jenney
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcosis is a common invasive fungal infection (IFI) in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Little is known about cryptococcosis in lung transplant (LTx) recipients despite having one of the highest risks of infection. AIM: To describe demographic and clinical features of cryptococcal infection in LTx recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational study of cryptococcal infection in LTx recipients at The Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia from 2012 to 2017...
August 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Paschal F Mdoe, Hege L Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Robert Moshiro, Ingvild Dalen, Jeffrey M Perlman, Hussein Kidanto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR) detection between continuous Doppler and intermittent fetoscope monitoring. METHOD: A randomized controlled open-label trial was conducted between February 1, 2016, and January 31, 2017, at Haydom Lutheran hospital, Tanzania. Women in active labor with singleton pregnancies and normal FHR at admission were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to receive either continuous or intermittent FHR monitoring...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Patricia A Oneal, Virginia Kwitkowski, Lola Luo, Yuan Li Shen, Sriram Subramaniam, Stacy Shord, Kirsten B Goldberg, Amy E McKee, Edvardas Kaminskas, Ann Farrell, Richard Pazdur
On November 6, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to vemurafenib for the treatment of adult patients with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) with BRAF V600 mutation. ECD is a type of histiocytosis, a rare disorder characterized by an abnormal accumulation and behavior of cells of the mononuclear phagocytic system, which includes antigen-processing cells, dendritic cells, monocytes, or macrophages. Recently published data confirm a frequency of 54% of BRAF V600E mutations in patients with ECD...
August 17, 2018: Oncologist
Mehdi Sayyah, Amal Saki-Malehi, Fatemeh Javanmardi, Arash Forouzan, Kiarash Shirbandi, Fakher Rahim
OBJECTIVES: We conducted this review to systematically assess the association and risk of the migraine in the patient with asthma and vice versa. METHODS: We systematically searched publishes articles indexed in PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane library, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, Science Direct from inception, and Embase databases until June 2017. The quality assessment of the involved studies was done using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). RESULTS: Eight studies with 389,573 participants were reviewed and selected for data extraction...
August 3, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Nancy Edwards, Joshun Dulai
BACKGROUND: Walkability is considered an important dimension of healthy communities. However, variable associations between measures of walkability and physical activity have been observed, particularly among older persons. Given the challenges older persons may have navigating stairs on walking routes, the presence of stairs may be an explanatory factor for these mixed associations. The purposes of this scoping review were to determine whether studies examining the relationship between walkability and physical activity included items that assessed stairs and what relationships were found...
August 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Nurul Khairina Najwa Che Hassan, Muhammad Taher, Deny Susanti
The purpose of this study was to determine the phytochemical constituents and pharmacological properties of Garcinia xanthochymus which is commonly known as gamboge, yellow mangosteen and false mangosteen. The phytochemicals constituents, pharmacological benefits and their mechanisms were previously presented in a number of studies including in vitro and in vivo studies from published books, journals and articles. The literature used in this review were published between 1970 and 2017 and were available from databases such as Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest and others...
July 23, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Vajiheh Jahani, Atefeh Kavousi, Soghra Mehri, Gholamreza Karimi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a health issue which is recognized due to its insulin resistance, central obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Since the Rho family of GTPases are involved in several cellular mechanisms, it is believed they might be involved in different aspects of metabolic syndrome. We conducted a search of some databases such as PubMed for articles and reviews published between 1997 and 2017, with different keywords including "metabolic syndrome", "rho kinase", "dyslipidemia", "hypertension", "central obesity", "insulin resistance" and the connectors AND or OR...
July 13, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Umut Kalyoncu, Etem Koray Taşcılar, Ali İhsan Ertenli, Hüseyin Ediz Dalkılıç, Cemal Bes, Orhan Küçükşahin, Timuçin Kaşifoğlu, Nilüfer Alpay Kanıtez, Hakan Emmungil, Gezmis Kimyon, Nazife Şule Yaşar Bilge, Servet Akar, Mehmet Pamir Atagündüz, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Aşkın Ateş, Veli Yazısız, Ender Terzioğlu, Emine Duygu Ersözlü, Müge Aydın Tufan, Muhammet Çınar, Rıdvan Mercan, Ali Şahin, Şükran Erten, Yavuz Pehlivan, Sedat Yılmaz, Ayşe Bahar Keleşoğlu Dinçer, Önay Gerçik, Belkıs Nihan Coşkun, Burcu Yağız, Sema Kaymaz Tahra, Aysun Aksoy, Ömer Karadağ, Levent Kılıç, Sedat Kiraz
Background/aim: The TReasure registry, created in 2017, is an observational multicenter cohort that includes inflammatory arthritis patients. This article reviews the methodology and objectives of the TReasure registry established to collect data from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients. Methodology: Fifteen rheumatology centers in Turkey will contribute data to the TReasure database. The actual proprietor of the database is the Hacettepe Rheumatology Association (HRD) and Hacettepe Financial Enterprises...
August 16, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Aaron B Caughey, Stephen L Wood, George A Macones, Ian J Wrench, Jeffrey Huang, Mikael Norman, Karin Pettersson, William J Fawcett, Medhat M Shalabi, Amy Metcalfe, Leah Gramlich, Gregg Nelson, R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: This ERAS Guideline for intraoperative care in Cesarean Delivery (CD) will provide best practice, evidenced-based, recommendations for intra-operative care with primarily, a maternal focus. The 'focused' pathway process for scheduled and unscheduled CD, for this ERAS CD guideline will consider, from decision to operate (starting with the 30 - 60 minutes prior to skin incision) through the conduct of the surgery. METHODS: The literature search (1966-2017) used Embase and PubMed to search medical subject headings including "Cesarean Section", "Cesarean Section", "Cesarean Section Delivery" and all pre- and intra-operative ERAS® items...
August 14, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Bing Gao, Tao Huang, Xiaotang Ju, Baojing Gu, Wei Huang, Lilai Xu, Robert M Rees, David S Powlson, Pete Smith, Shenghui Cui
Soil carbon sequestration is being considered as a potential pathway to mitigate climate change. Cropland soils could provide a sink for carbon that can be modified by farming practices, however, they can also act as a source of greenhouse gases (GHG), including not only nitrous oxide (N2 O) and methane (CH4 ), but also the upstream carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions associated with agronomic management. These latter emissions are also sometimes termed "hidden" or "embedded" CO2 . In this paper, we estimated the net GHG balance for Chinese cropping systems by considering the balance of soil carbon sequestration, N2 O and CH4 emissions, and the upstream CO2 emissions of agronomic management from a life cycle perspective during 2000-2017...
August 17, 2018: Global Change Biology
Bin Wang, Jingliang Li, Yang Wang, Na Du, Luyao Sun, Huimin Xiao, Ying Zhao, Wanguo Bao, Wenyan Zhang
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has been recognized over the past several years as a highly infectious disease in children. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) are the two major causative agents. The objective of this study was to determine the optimal time and method of HFMD detection, explore the seroconversion of IgM and IgG antibodies, and examine the response of neutralizing antibody (NtAb) to EV71 or CVA16. Between January 2016 and December 2017, a total of 460 patients, diagnosed with HFMD based on clinical symptoms and hospitalized in the First Hospital of Jilin University, were recruited for the study...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Yusuke Tanimura, Denis Lacroix, Sakir Ayik
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.152501.
August 3, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Jessica Szu-Chia Chen, Anes Yang, Dédée F Murrell
BACKGROUND: Osteopenia and osteoporosis are one of the many comorbidities in patients with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB). Current literature on the prevalence of osteoporosis in EB is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This review will analyse the current literature in the field of patients with compromised bone health in EB and any articles on the prevalence of such diseases in EB groups. METHODS: A systematic search for articles related to bone health and epidermolysis bullosa (EB) (1946-2017) was performed on seven databases: MEDLINE, Embase and EBM, PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science...
August 17, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Maarten Moens, Lisa Goudman, Raf Brouns, Alexis Valenzuela Espinoza, Mats De Jaeger, Eva Huysmans, Koen Putman, Jan Verlooy
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain has a substantial negative impact on work-related outcomes, which underscores the importance of interventions to reduce the burden. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) efficiently causes pain relief in specific chronic pain syndromes. The aim of this review was to identify and summarize evidence on returning to work in patients with chronic pain treated with SCS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed including studies from PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Web of Science (up till October 2017)...
August 17, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/lupus-2017-000215.317.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/lupus-2017-000215.317.].
2018: Lupus Science & Medicine
Aaron Strumwasser, Joshua M Tobin, Reynold Henry, Chrissy Guidry, Caroline Park, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
INTRODUCTION: Limited options exist for cardiovascular support of the trauma patient in extremis. This patient population offers challenges that are often considered insurmountable. This article identifies a heterogeneous group of trauma patients in extremis who may benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. METHODS: Data were sourced from the medical records of all patients placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation following trauma at a Level I Trauma Center between 1 December 2016 and 1 December 2017...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Meng Jin, Jinmin Peng, Huimin Zhang, Bo Lu, Yi Lii, Dong Wu, Jiaming Qian, Hong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute triglyceride (TG) lowering therapy is crucial in the early treatment of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG)-induced pancreatitis. Data concerning continuous intravenous infusion of insulin and heparin therapy (IHT) as an equivalent option to plasma exchange (PE) in HTG-induced pancreatitis are limited. We performed this study to compare the IHT and PE abilities to lower TG levels in the acute phase of HTG-induced pancreatitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Yeun-Yoon Kim, Jin-Young Choi, Claude B Sirlin, Chansik An, Myeong-Jin Kim
The 2017 Core of the computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) provides clear definitions and concise explanations of the CT/MRI diagnostic algorithm. Nevertheless, there remain some practical and controversial issues that radiologists should be aware of when using the system. This article discusses pitfalls and problems which may be encountered when the version 2017 diagnostic algorithm is used for CT and MRI. The pitfalls include challenges in applying major features and assigning the LR-M category, as well as categorisation discrepancy between CT and MRI...
August 16, 2018: European Radiology
John E Bylander, Faihaa Ahmed, Sabena M Conley, Jean-Marie Mwiza, Elimelda Moige
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/9035038.].
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
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