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Acute retention

Anna B Semerjyan, Marina R Tatoyan, Naira Yu Karalyan,, Narek H Nersisyan,, Lina H Hakobyan,, Hranush H Arzumanyan,, Zaven A Karalyan
The present study describes the gross, histopathologic lesions of the heart arising in pigs infected with acute African Swine Fever (ASF) and their biochemical profile. Ten pigs were infected by intramuscular injection of ASF virus (Georgia 2007). Selected heart samples were submitted for histopathological examination and Hematoxylin-Basic Fuchsin-Picric Acid (HBFP) staining. Enzymatic abnormalities were evaluated by measurement of main cardiac markers, whose activity increased during the early stage of infection, with histopathological changes occurring later...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Eu Chang Hwang, Shreyas Gandhi, Jae Hung Jung, Mari Imamura, Myung Ha Kim, Ran Pang, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition in ageing men that may cause lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Treatment aims are to relieve symptoms and prevent disease-related complications. Naftopidil is an alpha-blocker (AB) that has a high affinity for the A1d receptor that may have advantages in treating LUTS in this setting. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2009. Since that time, several large randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been reported, making this update relevant...
October 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A K M Cavalcante, R C L Siqueira, V N Feitosa Júnior, C R de Andrade, A A Santos, M T B Silva
We previously found that acute exercise inhibited the gastric emptying of liquid in awake rats by causing an acid-base imbalance. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO-cGMP) pathway, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) peptide in this phenomenon. Male rats were divided into exercise or sedentary group and were subjected to a 15-min swim session against a load (2.5 or 5% b.w.). The rate of gastric emptying was evaluated after 5, 10, or 20 min postprandially...
October 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
H Volkan Kara, Aysegul Batioglu Karaaltin, Ezel Ersen, Elvin Alaskarov, Burcu Kilic, Akif Turna
Introduction: Video-assisted mediastinal lymphadenectomy (VAMLA) is a valuable tool for invasive staging of the mediastinum. Unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP) may occur in patients following VAMLA and may result in secretion retention within the lungs, atelectasis and associated infectious situations such as pneumonia. Minimally invasive injection laryngoplasty (ILP) is the treatment of choice in UVCP. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and success of acute minimally invasive injection laryngoplasty for patients with UVCP following VAMLA...
September 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Benjamin Tremblais, Inès Dominique, Jean-Etienne Terrier, René Ecochard, Hélène Hacquard, Alain Ruffion, Philippe Paparel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits and safety of non-catheterization during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy within an enhanced recovery protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective comparative study was carried out of consecutive patients who underwent a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy between February 2015 and December 2017 within an early recovery program. The patients who received a urinary catheter were compared with those who did not in terms of postoperative complications, acute urinary retention rates, urinary tract infection rates, and lengths of hospital stay...
October 6, 2018: Urology
Sinéad Kelly, Carolyn Fowler
In September 2016, a team of nurses from East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust (ENHT) and the University of Hertfordshire in England travelled to Kerala, India to interview and recruit nurses for the trust's acute hospital. Before undertaking the interviews, the team visited a nursing college and two hospitals. Based on the findings from these visits and from meeting the interview candidates, the team designed a bespoke mentoring programme for Keralan nurses recruited to ENHT to ease the transition into nursing and living in the UK...
October 9, 2018: Nursing Standard
Ashish Sharma, Gaurav Garg, Bhupendra Pal Singh, Siddharth Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
S A Chepurnenko, N V Burtseva, G V Shavkuta
The article deals with the dynamics of echocardioscopy indices during 1.5 years in a patient who underwent an acute myocardial infarction (MI). Two months after the MI left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic size and LV volume were 61 mm and 190 ml, respectively; LV ejection fraction (EF) was 42%. At the background of maximal possible doses of ramipril, bisoprolol, and selective antagonist of aldosterone receptors eplerenone, and after revascularization, within eight months LV end-diastolic size decreased down to 57 mm, LV volume - to 158 ml, and LVEF increased up to 51%...
September 2018: Kardiologiia
Egils Vjaters, David Nitsan, Michael Mullerad, Dov Engelstein, Ilan Leibovitch, Yair Feld
BACKGROUND: Although effective for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) can be associated with side effects including prolonged recovery, storage and voiding symptoms, and a risk of acute urinary retention. OBJECTIVE: To test a new minimally invasive device for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH, involving implantation of a C-shaped nitinol ring (ClearRing) in a circular incision in the prostatic tissue using an electrocuting blade over a dilatation balloon...
October 4, 2018: European Urology Focus
Elisabetta Coppi, Daniele Lana, Federica Cherchi, Irene Fusco, Daniela Buonvicino, Matteo Urru, Giuseppe Ranieri, Mirko Muzzi, Ludovica Iovino, Maria Grazia Giovannini, Anna Maria Pugliese, Alberto Chiarugi
Even though pharmacological approaches able to counteract age-dependent cognitive impairment have been highly investigated, drugs improving cognition and memory are still an unmet need. It has been hypothesized that sustaining energy dynamics within the aged hippocampus can boost memory storage by sustaining synaptic functioning and long term potentiation (LTP). Dexpramipexole (DEX) is the first-in-class compound able to sustain neuronal bioenergetics by interacting with mitochondrial F1Fo-ATP synthase. In the present study, for the first time we evaluated the effects of DEX on synaptic fatigue, LTP induction, learning and memory retention...
October 3, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Hannah Beckwith, Martyn Kingsbury, Jo Horsburgh
Increasing concerns about recruitment and retention of junior doctors have led to renewed interest in how and when trainees choose their specialties. To our knowledge, no study has yet reported what attracts UK applicants to nephrology nor how clinicians develop vocational interests or make occupational choices. With this in mind, we sought to explore the motivation behind current nephrologist's career choices in the UK. We interviewed 11 nephrologists using a semi-structured face-to-face approach and used interpretative phenomenological analysis to conduct and analyse the interviews...
October 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
Sunhea Choi, Ho Ming Yuen, Reginald Annan, Trevor Pickup, Andy Pulman, Michele Monroy-Valle, Nana Esi Linda Aduku, Samuel Kyei-Boateng, Carmen Isabel Velásquez Monzón, Carmen Elisa Portillo Sermeño, Andrew Penn, Ann Ashworth, Alan A Jackson
BACKGROUND: Scaling up improved management of severe acute malnutrition has been identified as the nutrition intervention with the largest potential to reduce child mortality, but lack of operational capacity at all levels of the health system constrains scale-up. We therefore developed an interactive malnutrition eLearning course that is accessible at scale to build capacity of the health sector workforce to manage severely malnourished children according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
David C Serlin, Joel J Heidelbaugh, John T Stoffel
Urinary retention is the acute or chronic inability to voluntarily pass an adequate amount of urine. The condition predominantly affects men. The most common causes are obstructive in nature, with benign prostatic hyperplasia accounting for 53% of cases. Infectious, inflammatory, iatrogenic, and neurologic causes can also affect urinary retention. Initial evaluation should involve a detailed history that includes information about current prescription medications and use of over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements...
October 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Sanjay B Kulkarni, Omkar Joglekar, Mohammad Alkandari, Pankaj M Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Urethral stricture is a well-known complication after transurethral surgeries. The incidence of urethral stricture after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) varies between 2.2 and 9.8%. Most of the cases present within 6 months of transurethral surgery. Presentation is likely with poor flow, urinary tract infection or acute retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was undertaken from January 2010-June 2017 for the management of post TURP stricture...
September 28, 2018: World Journal of Urology
A de la Taille, G Robert, A Descazeaud
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) consequences on the detrusor activity, to analyze the impact of medical and surgical treatments, and to study the reasons for recurrence of urinary symptoms after surgical treatment. METHOD: A non-systematic review of the scientific literature was conducted from the PubMed database to retrieve the most relevant scientific publications between 2000 and July 2018 with the keywords: BPH, bladder obstruction, bladder instability, surgery, and reoperation...
September 24, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
Hannah Samuelson, Giovanni Giannotti, Thomas Malvar
•Urologists and health care professionals alike need to recognize the risks and complications that come with clot formation in urine and the use of CBI, especially subsequent bladder rupture.•Prior history of chronic, prolonged BPH has implications and complications that need to be considered when hematuria with blood clots arise and urologic procedures are performed.•This case is presented to highlight the importance of surveillance of hematuria with presence of clots, as well as the importance of regulated control of CBI...
November 2018: Urology Case Reports
Stephanie Puukila, Christopher Thome, Antone L Brooks, Gayle Woloschak, Douglas R Boreham
PURPOSE: Dose and dose rate are both appropriate for estimating risk from internally deposited radioactive materials. We investigated the role of dose rate on lung cancer induction in Beagle dogs following a single inhalation of strontium-90 (90 Sr), cerium-144 (144 Ce), yttrium-91 (91 Y), or yttrium-90 (90 Y). As retention of the radionuclide is dependent on biological clearance and physical half-life a representative quantity to describe this complex changing dose rate is needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from Beagle dog experiments from the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute...
September 26, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Hee-Sun Kim, Ji-Eun Park, Seo-Yeon Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Su-Hyun Chae, In-Sook Sohn, Han-Sung Hwang, Han-Sung Kwon
Although gravid uterine incarceration is typically diagnosed during the early second trimester, we encountered two unusual cases in early pregnancy. A 34-year-old multiparous woman with adenomyosis presented at 7 + 2 weeks of gestation with increased urinary frequency and a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. The uterine incarceration was successfully reduced by manual reduction and pessary insertion, and she delivered a normal infant at term. In the second case, a 31-year-old nulliparous woman with a large myoma complained of dysuria, acute urinary retention, and intense back pain at 6 weeks of gestation...
September 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
T T Ibiyeye, A A Abolarinwa, R I Osuoji
Background: Wilms' tumour is one of the most common solid abdominal tumours in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases present with an asymptomatic abdominal mass. We report a 2 year old male child who presented with acute urinary retention of 6 hours duration. He had a left flank mass and ascites, with a piece of necrotic tissue protruding from the urethral meatus. The urinary retention was relieved by manual removal of the necrotic tissue and passage of a Foley's urethral catheter...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Jonathan Kam, Sam Khadra, Quoc Hoai Tran, Hannah Ainsworth, Mark Louie-Johnsun, Matthew Winter
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of portable video media (PVM) compared to standard verbal communication (SVC) as a novel adjunct for surgical education of junior medical officers and medical students, in terms of knowledge acquisition and participant satisfaction. BACKGROUND: The effective, continued education of final year medical students and junior doctors is the foundation of quality healthcare. The development of new media technologies and rapid internet streaming has resulted in an opportunity for the integration of PVM into medical education...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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