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Feline, canine

Rebecca Langhorn, Jacob D Yrfelt, Claus S Stjernegaard, Liselotte B Christiansen, Lisbeth H Olsen, Lise N Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins are gold-standard biomarkers of myocardial injury. There is a need for validation of assays with higher availability and lower costs in veterinary medicine. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present study was to perform an analytical validation of the IMMULITE 2000 TnI assay for use in dogs and cats. A secondary aim was to evaluate its agreement with the previously validated and sensitive Siemens ADVIA Centaur TnI-Ultra assay. METHODS: Intra- and inter-assay variation, detection limits, the linearity under dilution, and a sample addition study (modified spike-and-recovery analysis) were investigated to assess analytical performance in 15 canine and 15 feline serum samples...
December 11, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Amanda Santarossa, Jacqueline M Parr, Adronie Verbrugghe
Nutritional assessment guidelines recommend that veterinary teams assess the body composition of pets at every visit. The objective of this study was to determine how veterinary teams in Ontario, Canada assess body composition in cats and dogs. An online survey was distributed to veterinary teams, with questions on how often body composition is assessed, what methods are used, and demographics. The results demonstrated that 66.7% of respondents reported always assessing body composition. Of those, body condition scoring (99...
December 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Jean A Hall, Dale A Fritsch, Dennis E Jewell, Patricia A Burris, Kathy L Gross
A prospective, randomised, 6-month feeding trial was performed in 28 adult cats with International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) stage 1 and 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD). All cats were assigned to either a control food: Royal Canin Renal Support A Feline, dry or a test food: Hill's Prescription Diet k/d Feline with chicken, dry. Food intake was recorded daily; body weight weekly; and serum, urine, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and body condition assessments were performed at 0, 1, 3 and 6 months...
December 4, 2018: Veterinary Record
Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Laia Solano-Gallego
Bartonellosis is a vector-borne zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution that can infect humans and a large number of mammals including small companion animals (cats and dogs). In recent years, an increasing number of studies from around the world have reported Bartonella infections, although publications have predominantly focused on the North American perspective. Currently, clinico-pathological data from Europe are more limited, suggesting that bartonellosis may be an infrequent or underdiagnosed infectious disease in cats and dogs...
December 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Annalisa M Hernandez, Graham E A Bilbrough, Dennis B DeNicola, Celine Myrick, Suzanne Edwards, Jeremy M Hammond, Alex N Myers, Johanna C Heseltine, Karen Russell, Marco Giraldi, Mary B Nabity
BACKGROUND: Microscopic evaluation of urine is inconsistently performed in veterinary clinics. The IDEXX SediVue Dx® Urine Sediment Analyzer (SediVue) recently was introduced for automated analysis of canine and feline urine and may facilitate performance of urinalyses in practice. OBJECTIVE: Compare the performance of the SediVue with manual microscopy for detecting clinically relevant numbers of cells and 2 crystal types. SAMPLES: Five-hundred thirty urine samples (82% canine, 18% feline)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Valentina Stefanetti, Agnese Compagnone, Chiara Sordini, Fabrizio Passamonti, Elisa Rampacci, Livia Moscati, Maria Luisa Marenzoni
Abortion and neonatal mortality are events that can occur in breeding bitches and queens. It has been reported that up to 55% and 33% of these cases remain without a known cause, respectively, in canine and feline pregnancies. Unusual abortigenic and potentially zoonotic agents, including Coxiella burnetii and Leptospira spp., may be involved in these cases. C. burnetii is able to cause reproductive disorders in cattle, sheep and goats, and cases of abortion have been observed in dogs and cats. Moreover, several outbreaks of C...
December 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Jiangting Niu, Shushuai Yi, Hualei Wang, Guoying Dong, Yanli Zhao, Yanbing Guo, Hao Dong, Kai Wang, Guixue Hu
In this study, we investigated the presence of canine bocaviruses (CBoVs) in fecal samples from 105 cats with diarrhea and 92 asymptomatic cats in northeast China. One fecal sample, 17CC0312, collected from an asymptomatic cat, was found to be positive for canine bocavirus 1 (CBoV1). The nearly complete genome of this virus was cloned and sequenced. The viral genome was 5,069 nucleotides (nt) in length and combined four open reading frames (ORFs) in the order 5'-NS1-ORF4-NP1-VP1/VP2-3'. The 17CC0312 virus shared more than 90...
November 28, 2018: Archives of Virology
Maureen A Griffin, William T N Culp, Robert B Rebhun
Lower urinary tract neoplasia in companion animals is a debilitating and often life-threatening disease. Tumors of the bladder, urethra, and prostate often occur independently, although extension of these tumors into adjacent regions of the lower urinary tract is documented frequently. The most common lower urinary tract tumor in dogs and cats is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). In both dogs and cats, TCC affecting the urinary bladder is generally considered to be highly aggressive with both local and metastatic disease potential, and this disease poses unique treatment challenges...
November 27, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
Wen-Chao Li, Jie Qin, Kai Wang, You-Fang Gu
Background: Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a common opportunistic pathogen found in both humans and animals. As companion animals live in close contact with human being, they may act as a zoonotic reservoir and play an important role in transmitting this parasite to humans. We evaluated the prevalence, genotypic diversity and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi in dogs and cats in eastern China during Apr to Dec 2013. Methods: Fecal specimens from 315 dogs and 143 cats from veterinary hospitals in eastern China were examined in 2015 by internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-based PCR...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
M Brložnik, Š Likar, A Krvavica, V Avbelj, A Domanjko Petrič
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic utility of electrocardiogram data obtained by a wireless sensor from 36 dogs and four cats with suspected arrhythmias caused by cardiac or systemic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wireless electrocardiographic recordings were obtained via two precordial electrodes attached to an electrocardiogram sensor connected to a smart device via low-power Bluetooth technology. Cardiac rate, rhythm and duration of P-QRS-T waves were evaluated with VisECG® software...
November 25, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Sina Rehbein, Christian Klotz, Ralf Ignatius, Elisabeth Müller, Anton Aebischer, Barbara Kohn
Giardia duodenalis is a relevant gastrointestinal protozoan pathogen of humans and animals. This species complex consists of eight genetically different assemblages. Assemblages A and B are pathogenic to humans and pets, thus confer zoonotic potential. The risk of zoonotic transmission has been controversially discussed. The aim of this monocentric cross-sectional pilot study was to investigate G. duodenalis assemblages in humans and pets living in common households in Berlin/Brandenburg (Germany). Samples from dogs, cats and humans sharing the same households were screened for Giardia infection by antigen-detecting assays...
November 20, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Andrew James Bauer, Marcel Adam Just
The advent of brain reading techniques has enabled new approaches to the study of concept representation, based on the analysis of multivoxel activation patterns evoked by the contemplation of individual concepts such as animal concepts. The present fMRI study characterized the representation of 30 animal concepts. Dimensionality reduction of the multivoxel activation patterns underlying the individual animal concepts indicated that the semantic building blocks of the brain's representations of the animals corresponded to intrinsic animal properties (e...
November 17, 2018: NeuroImage
A Rizzo, R L Sciorsci
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a thiol-containing essential amino acid, important for the growth of cells and tissues. Several hypotheses exist regarding Hcy toxicity in humans; Hcy is involved in protein structural modifications, oxidative stress, and neurotoxicity induction and is therefore associated with several pathological conditions in humans. In veterinary science, knowledge regarding Hcy has increased recently due to several studies; however, many aspects remain undiscovered. Many details remain unknown regarding the effect of Hcy levels on pregnancy and the optimal management of pathological conditions associated with Hcy levels during pregnancy in various species...
November 12, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Rangapura K Pradeep, Murikoli Nimisha, Vidya Pakideery, Joju Johns, George Chandy, Samitha Nair, Leena Chandrasekhar, Karapparambu G Ajithkumar, Chundiyil K Deepa, Anju Varghese, Reghu Ravindran
The canine and zoonotic dirofilarioses are arthropod-borne parasitic infections caused by nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria, infecting canines, felines and humans throughout the world. Dirofilaria repens was considered as the most common cause of human dirofilariosis in Kerala. In the present study, molecular characterization of Dirofilaria isolates causing dirofilariosis in humans, dogs and jackal from Kerala, South India was undertaken by performing sequence and phylogenetic analysis based on cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene...
October 26, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Zarah N Hedge, Frank Bossong, Paul N Gordon-Ross, Suzie J Kovacs
With the recognition of shelter medicine as sub-discipline of veterinary medicine, many veterinary programs are including clinical shelter experiences in their curricula. A concurrent mixed-methods study was designed with the aim to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week clinical shelter medicine program on students' perception of canine and feline surgical proficiency and shelter medicine knowledge as well as gain information on student attitudes toward shelter medicine and interest in pursuing this career path...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anastasia Diakou, Nektarios Soubasis, Trifon Chochlios, Ioannis L Oikonomidis, Dimitrios Tselekis, Christos Koutinas, Rafailia Karaiosif, Evanthia Psaralexi, Theodora K Tsouloufi, Georgia Brellou, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou, Timoleon Rallis
Dirofilaria immitis (heartworm) is enzootic in many areas of the world and quite prevalent in southern European countries. Although dogs are the main host of the parasite, cats may also be infected, and the prevalence of feline dirofilariosis is associated with the respective prevalence of canine infection in any given area. The aim of the present study was to investigate the proportion of D. immitis infection among dogs and cats that were not under any kind of prophylactic treatment and were living in a heartworm enzootic area...
November 5, 2018: Parasitology Research
Chandana H Mallawarachchi, Nilmini T G A Chandrasena, Susiji Wickramasinghe, Ranjan Premaratna, Nilmini Y I S Gunawardane, Navoda S M S M Mallawarachchi, Nilanthi R de Silva
Human brugian filariasis has re-emerged in Sri Lanka after a quiescent period of four decades. This study investigated the prevalence of canine and feline filarial parasites in three localities with human sub-periodic brugian filariasis, in order to determine their potential reservoir status. All reachable dogs and cats, both stray and domestic, within a 350m radius of an index case of brugian filariasis in three locations (Madampe, Wattala and Weliweriya) were screened for microfilariae using Giemsa stained thick blood smears...
2018: PloS One
Mary M Christopher, Chieh-Ko Ku
Background: Descriptive probability modifiers are used often to convey the uncertainty of a pathology diagnosis, but they also contribute to ambiguity in communication between pathologists and clinicians. Objectives: Our goal was to determine the frequency and use of probability modifiers in canine and feline lymph node cytology diagnoses, and to determine the actual likelihood of neoplasia for diagnoses with and without modifiers, based on the histologic outcome. Methods: Canine and feline lymph node cytology and histology reports over an 11-year period (2001-2011; n = 367) were evaluated retrospectively...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Katie M Boes, Carolyn A Sink, Melinda S Camus, Stephen R Werre
Method validation studies characterize the performance of new laboratory methods relative to established methods using quality guidelines in order to define the new method's performance characteristics and to identify differences that could influence data interpretation. We investigated the performance of an in-clinic dry chemistry analyzer (Catalyst One, IDEXX) for measuring 19 routine plasma biochemistry analytes in dogs, cats, and horses. We analyzed 2 levels of quality control material (QCM) in duplicate twice daily for 5 d to determine the coefficient of variation (CV), percent bias, observed total error (TEobs ), and sigma metric (σ) for each analyte at each level of QCM...
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Rie Ernst, Jennifer Ogeer, Donald McCrann, Julie Cross, Marilyn Strong-Townsend, Hanne Friis, Michael Coyne, Celeste Clements, Corie Drake, Rachel Murphy
Kidney disease is common in companion animals, and traditionally diagnosed with serum creatinine concentration (sCr), blood urea nitrogen, and abnormal urinalysis findings. Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a novel kidney biomarker that reflects glomerular filtration rate, increasing earlier than sCr with acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. This prospective study compared accuracy and precision of two commercial SDMA assays, the IDEXX SDMA Test and the DLD SDMA ELISA, relative to the established reference method, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS)...
2018: PloS One
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