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Feline, canine

Rie Ernst, Jennifer Ogeer, Donald McCrann, Julie Cross, Marilyn Strong-Townsend, Hanne Friis, Michael Coyne, Celeste Clements, Corie Drake, Rachel Murphy
Kidney disease is common in companion animals, and traditionally diagnosed with serum creatinine concentration (sCr), blood urea nitrogen, and abnormal urinalysis findings. Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a novel kidney biomarker that reflects glomerular filtration rate, increasing earlier than sCr with acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. This prospective study compared accuracy and precision of two commercial SDMA assays, the IDEXX SDMA Test and the DLD SDMA ELISA, relative to the established reference method, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS)...
2018: PloS One
Silvia Sabattini, Andrea Renzi, Francesco Albanese, Marco Fantinati, Antonella Rigillo, Francesca Abramo, Raimondo Tornago, Giovanni Tortorella, Maria Massaro, Teresa Bruna Pagano, Julia Buchholz, Giuliano Bettini
BACKGROUND: Melanomas are rare in cats. The eye is the most commonly involved site, whereas few data are available about feline non-ocular melanomas (NOMs). Ki-67 thresholds with prognostic relevance have been established for canine melanomas, but not in cats. This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between Ki-67 index, tumour characteristics, and clinical outcome in feline NOMs. Histologic samples were retrospectively reviewed. Amelanotic tumours were admitted upon immunohistochemical positivity for Melan A or S100...
October 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Florence Thierry, Marisa F Ferreira, Gavin K Paterson, Tiziana Liuti, Jorge Del-Pozo
Gastric pneumatosis is an imaging finding defined as the presence of gas foci in the gastric wall. In humans, this imaging feature can result from one of two separate clinical entities: life-threatening emphysematous gastritis or clinically benign gastric emphysema. This retrospective case series study describes the clinical and imaging features in five animals diagnosed with spontaneous gastric pneumatosis without gastric dilatation-volvulus. Three canine and two feline cases of spontaneous gastric pneumatosis were identified on radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations...
October 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Meng-Zhi Liu, Xiao-Hu Han, Long-Quan Yao, Wen-Kui Zhang, Bao-Shan Liu, Ze-Liang Chen
Feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) is a highly contagious pathogen of domestic cats and other members of the family Felidae. Point-of-care diagnosis of persistent infection in cats is essential for control of its spread. A recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay (RPA-LFD-FHV) combined with a lateral flow dipstrip (LFD) was developed that uses human body heat for incubation. Sensitivity was evaluated by testing a serial dilution of a control plasmid, and specificity was evaluated by testing related viruses...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Virology
Oswaldo M Torres-Chable, Carlos M Baak-Baak, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Bradley J Blitvich, Ligia G Brito-Argaez, Yessenia N Alvarado-Kantun, Claudia V Zaragoza-Vera, Guadalupe Arjona-Jimenez, Lluvia G Moreno-Perez, Pablo Medina-Perez, Carlos I Machain-Williams, Julian E Garcia-Rejon
Background & objectives: Dirofilaria immitis is a filarial nematode that causes heartworm disease in domestic as well as wild canines and felines; and cutaneous or pulmonary infections in humans. The purpose of the study was to estimate the prevalence of D. immitis in domestic dogs in Tabasco, Mexico and to assay mosquitoes temporally and spatially associated with dogs for evidence of infection. Methods: Blood was collected from 1050 dogs in 1039 houses during a random household survey performed in 2016 and 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Maria Luisa Marenzoni, Maria Teresa Antognoni, Francesca Baldelli, Arianna Miglio, Valentina Stefanetti, Costantina Desario, Aldo Di Summa, Canio Buonavoglia, Nicola Decaro
With the increase of blood transfusion in veterinary medicine, the presence of endemic viral agents in the blood should be carefully investigated. For this reason, the blood of feline and canine blood donors was screened to detect the presence of herpesviruses, especially gammaherpesviruses and parvoviruses, and to characterize the viruses detected. A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on 31 cats and 54 dogs, enrolled as voluntary blood donors. Nested PCR was carried out to detect herpesvirus and parvovirus DNA...
October 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Kathryn A Rook
Cutaneous lymphomas are divided into categories based on histologic evaluation of the skin and location of neoplastic lymphocytes. Epitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma, also known as cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, is diagnosed when neoplastic lymphocytes show tropism for the epidermis and these cells infiltrate the epidermis and adnexae. In diagnosis of nonepitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma, neoplastic lymphocytes are found mostly in the dermis and/or subcutis. Neoplastic cells are of either B-cell or T-cell origin...
September 24, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Bogumiła Skotarczak
Ticks are known as vectors of a wide range of pathogens of medical and veterinary importance; some of them of zoonotic concern constitute a hazard for the emergence of tick-borne diseases shared between humans and domestic animals and becoming a part of the 'One Health' concept. Canine and feline tick-borne diseases have emerged in recent years, performing an extensive geographic distribution and enlarged global prevalence. The present review focuses on the recent epidemiological studies on the emergence of tick-borne bacterial pathogens in dogs and cats, and the discussion whether pet ownership increases the risk of tick-borne diseases...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Swan Specchi, Federica Rossi, Chick Weisse, Simona Morabito, Nicholas P Petrovitch, Randi Drees, Florence Thierry, Mario Ricciardi, Rampaipat Penchome, Andrea Armenise, Pascaline Pey, Matthew Paek, Ioannis Panopoulos, Stefano Nicoli, Tobias Schwarz
Arterioportal vascular anomalies are communications between the splanchnic arteries and the portal system that represent a rare cause of presinusoidal portal hypertension in small animals. There is little information concerning the imaging findings of arterioportal communications in small animals and no classification could be found for radiologists and surgeons. The aims of this retrospective descriptive multicentric study were to describe the computed tomographic characteristics of arterioportal communications in a group of cats and dogs, and to propose a classification based on computed tomography (CT) angiographic anatomy...
September 21, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
N J Robinson, Z Belshaw, M L Brennan, R S Dean
Preventative healthcare consultations account for a large proportion of the veterinary caseload. This novel study is the first to methodically review all literature on canine and feline preventative healthcare consultations. Previous research has found these consultations to be different from health problem consultations in terms of communication style and content. Identifying relevant evidence and previously validated methods of measuring the success of these consultations will be useful when implementing strategies for optimisation...
October 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Bryan D Brown, Travis S Roth, Kurt A Gasner
Acute carpal tunnel syndrome (ACTS) from an infected source is rare because most cases result from trauma. There are cases of ACTS occurring after feline bites, but none in the reported literature after canine bites. The following is a case report of a 58-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with progressive median nerve symptoms after a canine bite. In the operating room, a significant mass effect was found within the contents of the carpal tunnel secondary to an abundance of purulence...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews
Elena Pagani, Maria de Los Dolores Soto Del Rio, Alessandra Dalmasso, Maria Teresa Bottero, Achille Schiavone, Liviana Prola
BACKGROUND: Adverse food reactions (AFRs) are defined as abnormal responses to an ingested food or food additive. Diagnosis and treatment of AFRs consist of the complete elimination of these ingredients in the dietary trial. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of undeclared ingredients in commercial limited-antigen dry food diets that can compromise the results and efficacy of dietary elimination trails. The aim of this study was to assess a selection of commercial canine and feline dietetic limited-antigen wet foods for the potential cross-contamination of animal proteins from origins not mentioned on the label...
September 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Silvia Paulos, Pamela C Köster, Aida de Lucio, Marta Hernández-de-Mingo, Guillermo A Cardona, Juan C Fernández-Crespo, Christen R Stensvold, David Carmena
Blastocystis sp. is probably the most common enteric parasite in humans globally. Although the role of Blastocystis in human disease is still controversial, epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests that pathogenicity may be associated with certain subtypes of the protist. Since the life cycle of Blastocystis is maintained through still elusive pathways, companion animals have attracted the attention of researchers as potential reservoirs of human infections. In order to evaluate the risk of zoonotic transmission of Blastocystis, we investigated the occurrence and molecular diversity of this microorganism in human, canine and feline populations sharing temporal and spatial settings in the province of Álava, northern Spain...
September 9, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
P Byrne, J A Beatty, J Šlapeta, S W Corley, R E Lyons, L McMichael, M T Kyaw-Tanner, P T Dung, N Decaro, J Meers, V R Barrs
Canine parvovirus (CPV) and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) are deoxyriboncucleic acid (DNA) viruses in the taxon Carnivore protoparvovirus 1. Exposure of cats to either CPV or FPV results in productive infection and faecal shedding of virus. Asymptomatic shedding of CPVs by one-third of shelter-housed cats in a UK study suggests that cats may be an important reservoir for parvoviral disease in dogs. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of faecal shedding of CPVs in asymptomatic shelter-housed cats in Australia...
September 2018: Veterinary Journal
Xiangdong Li, Hongchao Wu, Lingxiao Wang, Norman Spibey, Caihong Liu, Hangtian Ding, Wujie Liu, Yuxiu Liu, Kegong Tian
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and canine parvovirus (CPV) infections are highly contagious and cause serious enteric diseases, with high fatality rates of cats and dogs. Given the importance of cats as a potential source of genetic diversity for parvoviruses, parvovirus strains detected in cats with gastroenteritis signs were analysed, and molecular characterisation, sequence analysis and phylogeny were evaluated on the VP2 gene. The results showed that FPV, new CPV-2a, and CPV-2 are co-circulating in the cat population in Henan province of China...
September 6, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Fernanda Morcatti Coura, Stephanie Karoline Pereira Passos, Marina de Oliveira França Pelegrino, Fabiola de Oliveira Paes Leme, Gustavo Fontes Paz, Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo, Adriane Pimenta da Costa-Val
The role of cats in the epidemiological cycle of leishmaniasis remains unclear. To better understand the occurrence of leishmaniasis in cats, we studied the frequency of Leishmania in serum samples of 100 cats living in an endemic region for canine and human leishmaniasis by serological, parasitological, and molecular methods. Of the 100 cats, 54 were seropositive for Leishmania antibodies by immunofluorescence antibody test. None of the bone marrow aspirates collected from these cats tested positive for the parasite in culture or upon polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis...
August 30, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
H Tomiyasu, A Doi, J K Chambers, Y Goto-Koshino, A Ohmi, K Ohno, H Tsujimoto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics of feline acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients diagnosed according to the recent diagnostic criteria for the equivalent canine condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of six cats diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia were retrospectively reviewed to extract data on clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes. The lymphoid origin of the tumour cells was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor gene rearrangement, flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Martini, M Fenati, M Agosti, R Cassini, M Drigo, N Ferro, C Guglielmini, I Masiero, M Signorini, R Busetto
Experts and international public health organisations stress the lack of surveillance systems for companion animal diseases and the need to implement such surveillance as a priority of the 'One Health' perspective. This paper presents the features of a system for the collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of data regarding the health status of pets in the Veneto region (Italy). The system involved the construction of a Web-based database containing the diagnoses of transmissible and non-transmissible diseases of dogs and cats made by veterinarians in their practices, hospitals, kennels and catteries...
December 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
J H van der Kolk, A Endimiani, C Graubner, V Gerber, V Perreten
Acinetobacter spp. are aerobic, rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the Moraxellaceae family of the class Gammaproteobacteria and are considered ubiquitous organisms. Among them, Acinetobacter baumannii is the most clinically significant species with an extraordinary ability to accumulate antimicrobial resistance and survive in the hospital environment. Recent reports indicate that A. baumannii has also evolved into a veterinary nosocomial pathogen. Although Acinetobacter spp. can be identified to species level by the use of the matrix-assisted laser ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) coupled with an updated database, molecular techniques are still necessary for genotyping and determination of clonal lineages...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Michal Hazenfratz, Susan M Taylor
Practical relevance: Seizures are one of the most common neurologic problems recognized in cats, affecting approximately 1-3% of the general population. Treatment options and prognosis are closely related to the underlying cause, so it is important that veterinarians are familiar with the diagnostic approach to cats with seizures and options for medical management. Series outline: This is the first of a two-part article series that reviews the diagnosis and treatment of seizures in cats. Part 1 outlines the classification and terminology used to describe epilepsy and epileptic seizures in cats, and discusses some of the most common and unique causes of recurrent seizures in cats...
September 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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