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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148278/-her-choice-of-course-negotiating-legitimacy-of-choice-in-abortion-rights-deliberations-during-the-repeal-the-eighth-movement-in-ireland
#1
Rahul Sambaraju, Myles Sammon, Frank Harnett, Emma Douglas
Discourses of 'choice' are routinely involved in sexual and reproductive rights' advocacy. In this article, we offer a discursive psychological examination of how 'choice' is oriented to, in online deliberations on the ongoing movement for abortion rights in Ireland. Comment posters treated 'choice' as involving outcomes of and motives for choosing, in negotiating legitimacy of women's rights to choose. These accompanied alternative versions of women, either as independent or as intimately bound up with pregnancy/motherhood, which were flexibly used in negotiation legitimacy of women's rights to 'choice' in abortion practices...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148277/care-ful-definition-of-consent
#2
Emese Ilyes
This proposal is an attempt to intervene in psychology's violent past and troubling present by calling for notions of "care-ful" practice, compelling us to recognize and celebrate the permeable, porous, and flexible boundaries between bodies and selves. With this heuristic of care, this article hopes to trouble the separation between rigor and relational responsibility, to trouble objectivism, to oust the illusion of cool rationality, and to offer an affective understanding of consent that refuses to deny sexuality in bodies oppressed with the label of intellectually disabled...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123464/pattern-separation-a-potential-marker-of-impaired-hippocampal-adult-neurogenesis-in-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Kellen Gandy, Sohye Kim, Carla Sharp, Lilian Dindo, Mirjana Maletic-Savatic, Chadi Calarge
Adult neurogenesis involves the generation of new neurons, particularly in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Decreased hippocampal neurogenesis has been implicated in both animal models of depression and in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), despite some inconsistency in the literature. Here, we build upon current models to generate a new testable hypothesis, linking impaired neurogenesis to downstream psychological outcomes commonly observed in MDD. We contend that disruption in adult neurogenesis impairs pattern separation, a hippocampus-dependent function requiring the careful discrimination and storage of highly similar, but not identical, sensory inputs...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120367/risk-and-resilience-factors-related-to-parental-bereavement-following-the-death-of-a-child-with-a-life-limiting-condition
#4
REVIEW
Tiina Jaaniste, Sandra Coombs, Theresa J Donnelly, Norm Kelk, Danielle Beston
This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on risk and resilience factors impacting on parental bereavement outcomes following the death of a child with a life-limiting condition. Over the past few decades, bereavement research has focussed primarily on a risk-based approach. In light of advances in the literature on resilience, the authors propose a Risk and Resilience Model of Parental Bereavement, thus endeavouring to give more holistic consideration to a range of potential influences on parental bereavement outcomes...
November 9, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119814/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-collecting-psychosocial-data-from-fathers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
S R Bagge, B Westgate, K Few, P Clarke, A Adlam, J Walsh, M O'Brien
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of collecting outcome data from parents of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to explore the psychological and social adaptation of fathers. Questionnaires were distributed to 38 parents of VLBW infants and 36 parents of term infants within a hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Field notes were also taken. Parents indicated collecting outcome data in this population was feasible and acceptable, but barriers and difficulties in data collection were identified, particularly for fathers...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117458/telephone-based-cbt-and-the-therapeutic-relationship-the-views-and-experiences-of-iapt-practitioners-in-a-low-intensity-service
#6
J Turner, J C Brown, D T Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: Over-the-Telephone (OTT) delivered psychological therapies as an alternative method to face-to-face (F2F) are becoming more prevalent in mental healthcare. Research suggests a range of benefits of OTT use in therapy but there are growing concerns about its consequences for the therapeutic relationship. This paper presents new knowledge regarding psychological practitioners' experience and views of OTT work and its potential effects on the therapeutic relationship in the context of the UK's Increasing Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) programme...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111898/-the-need-for-psychosocial-support-in-parents-of-chronically-ill-children
#7
Lydia Morgenstern, Mira Wagner, Jonas Denecke, Benjamin Grolle, Jessika Johannsen, Karl Wegscheider, Silke Wiegand-Grefe
The Need for Psychosocial Support in Parents of Chronically Ill Children Chronic illness in childhood and adolescence is associated with special requirements and demands on affected families. In particular, severe chronic diseases and rare diseases with a high level of health care needs or with progressive medical diagnoses permanently challenge the families' resources. The aim of this study was to assess the need for psychological, nursing, legal and organisational support from a parent's perspective. Using qualitative content analysis according to Mayring, data from 96 parents of 68 chronically ill children were evaluated...
November 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108801/mechanisms-of-placebo-analgesia-a-dual-process-model-informed-by-insights-from-cross-species-comparisons
#8
REVIEW
Scott M Schafer, Stephan Geuter, Tor D Wager
Placebo treatments are pharmacologically inert, but are known to alleviate symptoms across a variety of clinical conditions. Associative learning and cognitive expectations both play important roles in placebo responses, however we are just beginning to understand how interactions between these processes lead to powerful effects. Here, we review the psychological principles underlying placebo effects and our current understanding of their brain bases, focusing on studies demonstrating both the importance of cognitive expectations and those that demonstrate expectancy-independent associative learning...
November 3, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102425/leadership-rounds-to-reduce-health-care-associated-infections
#9
Mary Jo Knobloch, Betty Chewning, Jackson Musuuza, Susan Rees, Christopher Green, Erin Patterson, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines exist to reduce health care-associated infections (HAIs). Leadership rounds are one tool leaders can use to ensure compliance with guidelines, but have not been studied specifically for the reduction of HAIs. This study examines HAI leadership rounds at one facility. METHODS: We explored unit-based HAI leadership rounds led by 2 hospital leaders at a large academic hospital. Leadership rounds were observed on 19 units, recorded, and coded to identify themes...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098620/clinical-evidence-of-exercise-benefits-for-stroke
#10
Peipei Han, Wen Zhang, Li Kang, Yixuan Ma, Liyuan Fu, Liye Jia, Hairui Yu, Xiaoyu Chen, Lin Hou, Lu Wang, Xing Yu, Masahiro Kohzuki, Qi Guo
Even though stroke is the third, not the first, most common cause of disability-adjusted life years in developed countries, it is one of the most expensive to treat. Part of the expense is due to secondary problems in the post-stroke period including: cognition, memory, attention span, pain, sensation loss, psychological issues, and problems with mobility and balance. Research has identified that exercise has both positive physical and psychosocial effects for post-stroke patients. Therefore, this scientific statement provides an overview on exercise rehabilitation for post-stroke patients...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096597/experiential-avoidance-cognitive-fusion-and-suicide-ideation-among-psychiatric-inpatients-the-role-of-thwarted-interpersonal-needs
#11
Jared F Roush, Sarah L Brown, Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz
OBJECTIVE: The interpersonal theory of suicide posits the simultaneous presence of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness (i.e., thwarted interpersonal needs) leads to active suicide ideation. According to the psychological flexibility model, psychological inflexibility is in part a product of cognitive fusion (i.e., becoming entangled or wrapped up in one's thoughts) and experiential avoidance (i.e., avoidance of internal private experiences, which include thoughts and feelings)...
November 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080598/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Michael P Twohig, Michael E Levin
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a modern form of cognitive behavioral therapy based on a distinct philosophy and basic science of cognition. This article reviews the core features of ACT's theoretic model of psychopathology and treatment and its therapeutic approach. It provides a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating ACT for depression and anxiety disorders. Summarizing 36 RCTs, ACT appears to be more efficacious than waitlist conditions and treatment-as-usual, with largely equivalent effects relative to traditional cognitive behavioral therapy...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074769/what-is-consciousness-and-could-machines-have-it
#13
REVIEW
Stanislas Dehaene, Hakwan Lau, Sid Kouider
The controversial question of whether machines may ever be conscious must be based on a careful consideration of how consciousness arises in the only physical system that undoubtedly possesses it: the human brain. We suggest that the word "consciousness" conflates two different types of information-processing computations in the brain: the selection of information for global broadcasting, thus making it flexibly available for computation and report (C1, consciousness in the first sense), and the self-monitoring of those computations, leading to a subjective sense of certainty or error (C2, consciousness in the second sense)...
October 27, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067834/mindfulness-instruction-for-hiv-infected-youth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lindsey Webb, Carisa Perry-Parrish, Jonathan Ellen, Erica Sibinga
HIV-infected youth experience many stressors, including stress related to their illness, which can negatively impact their mental and physical health. Therefore, there is a significant need to identify potentially effective interventions to improve stress management, coping, and self-regulation. The object of the study was to assess the effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program compared to an active control group on psychological symptoms and HIV disease management in youth utilizing a randomized controlled trial...
October 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063497/coping-and-adjustment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#15
REVIEW
Jason S Spendelow, H Eli Joubert, Haymond Lee, Bryony R Fairhurst
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common forms of cancer amongst males. Men's coping responses are an important determinant of functioning and adjustment to this disease. Previous qualitative research exists in this area, but the current review sought to systematically review and summarise these studies. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies concerned with men's coping strategies in their attempts to live with PCa. A search of relevant electronic databases was conducted to identify studies that met inclusion criteria for this review...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058772/controlled-cortical-impact-in-the-rat
#16
Dana D Dean, Joseph A Frank, L Christine Turtzo
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability world-wide. Following initial injury, TBI patients can face long-term disability in the form of cognitive, physical, and psychological deficits, depending on the severity and location of injury. This results in an economic burden in the United States estimated to be $60 billion due to health-care costs and loss of productivity. TBI is a significant area of active research interest for both military and civilian medicine. Numerous pre-clinical animal models of TBI are used to characterize the anatomical and physiological pathways involved and to evaluate therapeutic interventions...
October 23, 2017: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#17
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 UK adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052544/detecting-changes-in-real-time-data-a-user-s-guide-to-optimal-detection
#18
REVIEW
P Johnson, J Moriarty, G Peskir
The real-time detection of changes in a noisily observed signal is an important problem in applied science and engineering. The study of parametric optimal detection theory began in the 1930s, motivated by applications in production and defence. Today this theory, which aims to minimize a given measure of detection delay under accuracy constraints, finds applications in domains including radar, sonar, seismic activity, global positioning, psychological testing, quality control, communications and power systems engineering...
August 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046649/psychological-flexibility-as-a-buffer-against-caregiver-distress-in-families-with-psychosis
#19
Jens E Jansen, Ulrik H Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene B Pedersen, Anne M Trauelsen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Research has shown that caregivers of persons with psychosis play an invaluable role in recovery, but unfortunately, often report high levels of distress. While cognitive models of caregiver distress have been well-supported, there is still limited knowledge of the psychological factors involved. Recent advances in cognitive behavioral therapy seem to converge on the importance of acceptance- and mindfulness based processes. Aim: To examine the impact of psychological flexibility on caregiver distress in the early phases of psychosis, while controlling for known predictors of caregiver distress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046178/a-psychiatric-formulary-for-long-duration-spaceflight
#20
Eric Friedman, Brian Bui
Behavioral health is essential for the safety, well-being, and performance of crewmembers in both human spaceflight and Antarctic exploration. Over the past five decades, psychiatric issues have been documented in orbital spaceflight. In Antarctica, literature suggests up to 5% of wintering crewmembers could meet criteria for a psychiatric illness, including mood disorders, stressor-related disorders, sleep-wake disorders, and substance-related disorders. Experience from these settings indicates that psychiatric disorders on deep space missions must be anticipated...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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