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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779059/youth-responses-to-school-shootings-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Áine Travers, Tracey McDonagh, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to synthesize research relating to youth responses to school shootings between 2014 and 2017. The main questions it addresses are how such events impact young people psychologically, and what risk or protective factors may contribute to different trajectories of recovery? RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research suggests that most young people exposed to school shootings demonstrate resilience, exhibiting no long-term dysfunction. However, a minority will experience severe and chronic symptoms...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759889/social-learning-strategies-bridge-building-between-fields
#2
REVIEW
Rachel L Kendal, Neeltje J Boogert, Luke Rendell, Kevin N Laland, Mike Webster, Patricia L Jones
While social learning is widespread, indiscriminate copying of others is rarely beneficial. Theory suggests that individuals should be selective in what, when, and whom they copy, by following 'social learning strategies' (SLSs). The SLS concept has stimulated extensive experimental work, integrated theory, and empirical findings, and created impetus to the social learning and cultural evolution fields. However, the SLS concept needs updating to accommodate recent findings that individuals switch between strategies flexibly, that multiple strategies are deployed simultaneously, and that there is no one-to-one correspondence between psychological heuristics deployed and resulting population-level patterns...
May 11, 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759098/psychological-flexibility-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationships-between-job-demands-and-resources-and-occupational-well-being
#3
Vladimir Pinto Novaes, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Felipe Valentini
The aim of this study was to identify the relations of job demands (work overload) and job resources (social support and autonomy) with subjective job well-being (job satisfaction, positive affects, negative affects), as well as the moderating role of personal resources (psychological flexibility at work) in such relationships. The sample consisted of 4,867 Brazilian workers, of both sexes, with ages ranging from 18 to 67 years. Structural equation modelling showed that the work overload was negatively associated with job satisfaction (β = -...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749040/editors-introduction-miscommunication
#4
Patrick G T Healey, Jan P de Ruiter, Gregory J Mills
Miscommunication is a neglected issue in the cognitive sciences, where it has often been discounted as noise in the system. This special issue argues for the opposite view: Miscommunication is a highly structured and ubiquitous feature of human interaction that systematically underpins people's ability to create and maintain shared languages. Contributions from conversation analysis, computational linguistics, experimental psychology, and formal semantics provide evidence for these claims. They highlight the multi-modal, multi-person character of miscommunication...
April 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746263/the-effect-of-uncertainty-management-program-on-quality-of-life-among-vietnamese-women-at-3-weeks-postmastectomy
#5
Xuan Thi Nhu Ha, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Ratsiri Thato
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, breast cancer is a top contributor to cancer-related deaths in women. Evidence shows that, after mastectomy, women in Vietnam have a lower quality of life than women in other countries. In addition, high uncertainty is a predictor of low quality of life postmastectomy. Therefore, if nurses can manage uncertainty, the quality of life postmastectomy can improve. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of the Uncertainty Management Program (UMP) on quality of life at 3 weeks postmastectomy in Vietnamese women...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746217/the-napoleon-complex-when-shorter-men-take-more
#6
Jill E P Knapen, Nancy M Blaker, Mark Van Vugt
Inspired by an evolutionary psychological perspective on the Napoleon complex, we hypothesized that shorter males are more likely to show indirect aggression in resource competitions with taller males. Three studies provide support for our interpretation of the Napoleon complex. Our pilot study shows that men (but not women) keep more resources for themselves when they feel small. When paired with a taller male opponent (Study 1), shorter men keep more resources to themselves in a game in which they have all the power (dictator game) versus a game in which the opponent also has some power (ultimatum game)...
May 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726743/opinion-paper-the-role-of-work-in-the-management-of-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms
#8
Els Tobback, An Mariman, Lies Clauwaert, Lode Godderis, Stefan Heytens, Patrick Ruppol, Daniel Spooren, Rita Tytgat, Martine De Muynck, Dirk Vogelaers
OBJECTIVES: Patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms suffer from chronic fatigue and/or pain in combination with a variety of other symptoms. A flexible, biopsychosocial approach is needed for diagnostic screening and global management. It is crucial to involve the direct patient environment, including family, friends, colleagues as well as health providers, evaluation, and reintegration sector. The aim of this paper is to review the importance of work in the management of medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 4, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720873/the-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients-with-renal-insufficiency
#9
Marta Dąbrowska-Bender, Grażyna Dykowska, Wioletta Żuk, Magdalena Milewska, Anna Staniszewska
Aim: The aim of the study was the subjective assessment of the quality of life (QoL) of 140 patients treated with dialysis (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis). Background: Chronic kidney disease and the methods of its treatment play an important part in shaping the QoL of patients receiving dialysis. As a result, kidney failure causes many limitations in patients' physical, mental, and social activities. Methods: The instrument to measure the QoL was the authors' own questionnaire made on the basis of Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short Form version 1...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704971/experiential-avoidance-an-examination-of-the-construct-validity-of-the-aaq-ii-and-meaq
#10
Catherine Rochefort, Austin S Baldwin, Michael Chmielewski
Experiential avoidance (also referred to as acceptance or psychological flexibility) is a core construct of third-wave behavior therapies. It is the tendency to avoid uncomfortable thoughts or feelings, even when doing so has negative long-term consequences. In order for developments in experiential avoidance and third-wave behavior therapies to continue, it is imperative to examine the construct validity of the most widely used measures of this construct, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ)...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704968/body-image-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-5-an-abbreviation-using-genetic-algorithms
#11
Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi
Body image concerns are typically linked with negative outcomes such as disordered eating and diminished well-being, but some people can exhibit psychological flexibility and remain committed to their valued goals despite being dissatisfied about their bodies. Such flexibility is most frequently measured by the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ). This study used a recently validated, fully automated method based on genetic algorithms (GAs) on data from an American community sample (N1 =538, 71...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704966/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-to-promote-mental-health-and-school-engagement-in-university-students-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Simon Grégoire, Lise Lachance, Thérèse Bouffard, Frédérick Dionne
The aim of this multisite randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intervention based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was efficacious in improving university students' psychological flexibility, mental health, and school engagement. Students were recruited in four Canadian universities and randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 72) or a wait-list control group (n = 72). Students in the intervention group took part in four 2.5-hour workshops during a 4-week period and were asked to do exercises at home (e...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704880/feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-of-online-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-patients-with-complex-chronic-pain-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Whitney Scott, Joseph Chilcot, Beth Guildford, Aisling Daly-Eichenhardt, Lance M McCracken
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has growing support for chronic pain. However, more accessible treatment delivery is needed. This study evaluated the feasibility of online ACT for patients with complex chronic pain in the United Kingdom to determine whether a larger trial is justified. METHODS: Participants with chronic pain and clinically-meaningful disability and distress were randomly assigned to ACT online plus specialty medical pain management, or specialty medical management alone...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704077/executive-functions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-turner-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Claire Mauger, Céline Lancelot, Arnaud Roy, Régis Coutant, Nicole Cantisano, Didier Le Gall
Turner syndrome (TS) is a genetic disorder, affecting 1/2500 to 1/3000 live female births, induced by partial or total deletion of one X chromosome. The neurocognitive profile of girls with TS is characterized by a normal Verbal IQ and weaknesses in visual-spatial, mathematics, and social cognitive domains. Executive functions (EFs) impairments have also been reported in these young patients. However, methodological differences across studies do not allow determination of which EFs are impaired and what is the magnitude of these impairments...
April 27, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700684/multiple-imputation-for-bounded-variables
#15
Marco Geraci, Alexander McLain
Missing data are a common issue in statistical analyses. Multiple imputation is a technique that has been applied in countless research studies and has a strong theoretical basis. Most of the statistical literature on multiple imputation has focused on unbounded continuous variables, with mostly ad hoc remedies for variables with bounded support. These approaches can be unsatisfactory when applied to bounded variables as they can produce misleading inferences. In this paper, we propose a flexible quantile-based imputation model suitable for distributions defined over singly or doubly bounded intervals...
April 26, 2018: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698498/psychophysiological-responses-of-junior-orienteers-under-competitive-pressure
#16
Claudio Robazza, Pascal Izzicupo, Maria Angela D'Amico, Barbara Ghinassi, Maria Chiara Crippa, Vincenzo Di Cecco, Montse C Ruiz, Laura Bortoli, Angela Di Baldassarre
The purpose of the study was to examine psychobiosocial states, cognitive functions, endocrine responses (i.e., salivary cortisol and chromogranin A), and performance under competitive pressure in orienteering athletes. The study was grounded in the individual zones of optimal functioning (IZOF) and biopsychosocial models. Fourteen junior orienteering athletes (7 girls and 7 boys), ranging in age from 15 to 20 years (M = 16.93, SD = 1.77) took part in a two-day competitive event. To enhance competitive pressure, emphasis was placed on the importance of the competition and race outcome...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696476/supporting-the-transition-into-employment-a-study-of-canadian-young-adults-living-with-disabilities
#17
Arif Jetha, Julie Bowring, Adele Furrie, Frank Smith, Curtis Breslin
Objective To examine the job accommodation and benefit needs of young adults with disabilities as they transition into employment, and their perceived barriers to meeting support needs. Methods An online survey was conducted of 155 Canadian young adults with disabilities (mean age = 25.8 years). Respondents were either employed or seeking employment, and were asked about their need for health benefits, and soft (e.g., flexible scheduling) and hard accommodations (e.g., ergonomic interventions), and perceived accommodation barriers...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671691/committed-action-disability-and-perceived-health-in-individuals-with-fibromyalgia
#18
Santiago Galán, Rubén Roy, Ester Solé, Mélanie Racine, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
Committed action, one of the components of psychological flexibility, has been shown to be related with measures of pain-relevant function domains in patients with chronic pain. However, the associations between measures of committed action and of physical health and function in individuals with fibromyalgia (FM) have not yet been examined. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to better understand the role that committed action plays in (1) pain-related disability and (2) mental and physical health in individuals with FM...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670820/the-integration-between-nonsymbolic-and-symbolic-numbers-evidence-from-an-eeg-study
#19
Ruizhe Liu, Christian D Schunn, Julie A Fiez, Melissa E Libertus
Introduction: Adults can represent numerical information in nonsymbolic and symbolic formats and flexibly switch between the two. While some studies suggest a strong link between the two number representation systems (e.g., Piazza, Izard, Pinel, Le Bihan, & Dehaene, 2004 Neuron , 44(3), 547), other studies show evidence against the strong-link hypothesis (e.g., Lyons, Ansari, & Beilock, 2012 Journal of Experimental Psychology: General , 141(4), 635). This inconsistency could arise from the relation between task demands and the closeness of the link between the two number systems...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669082/cognitive-functional-therapy-an-integrated-behavioral-approach-for-the-targeted-management-of-disabling-low-back-pain
#20
Peter B O'Sullivan, J P Caneiro, Mary O'Keeffe, Anne Smith, Wim Dankaerts, Kjartan Fersum, Kieran O'Sullivan
Biomedical approaches for diagnosing and managing disabling low back pain (LBP) have failed to arrest the exponential increase in health care costs, with a concurrent increase in disability and chronicity. Health messages regarding the vulnerability of the spine and a failure to target the interplay among multiple factors that contribute to pain and disability may partly explain this situation. Although many approaches and subgrouping systems for disabling LBP have been proposed in an attempt to deal with this complexity, they have been criticized for being unidimensional and reductionist and for not improving outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
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