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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644865/test-designs-and-modeling-under-the-general-nominal-diagnosis-model-framework
#1
Jinsong Chen, Hui Zhou
Most psychological questionnaires face issues of response bias in respondent-reported scales, inadequacy for criterion-reference testing, or difficulty in estimating a large number of latent traits. Situational tests together with the general nominal diagnosis model framework provide a viable alternative to alleviate these concerns. Under this framework, there are different ways to design situationally nominal items, which can offer more flexibility for test development. Any response bias remaining with respondent-reported questionnaires may be addressed with appropriate test designs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638131/the-flexible-function-of-the-modern-kleinian-psychoanalytic-approach-interpreting-through-the-unbearable-security-of-paranoid-and-depressive-phantasies
#2
Robert Waska
Working to establish analytic contact (Waska, 2007) with a patient involves the verbal act of interpretation. But, how one interprets and what we try to hold in words is not the same with each patient. Each patient requires, invites, provokes and responds to a unique mixture of interpretive elements or approaches. The projective identification process that is so often the bedrock of the transference, and therefore the catalyst of the counter-transference, forms the psychological climate between patient and analyst...
September 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634437/latent-growth-curve-models-for-biomarkers-of-the-stress-response
#3
REVIEW
John M Felt, Sarah Depaoli, Jitske Tiemensma
Objective: The stress response is a dynamic process that can be characterized by predictable biochemical and psychological changes. Biomarkers of the stress response are typically measured over time and require statistical methods that can model change over time. One flexible method of evaluating change over time is the latent growth curve model (LGCM). However, stress researchers seldom use the LGCM when studying biomarkers, despite their benefits. Stress researchers may be unaware of how these methods can be useful...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624821/on-the-social-life-and-motivational-changes-of-aging-monkeys
#4
Julia Fischer
Although nonhuman primates have been used in biomedical research to develop a better understanding of physiological aging processes, their value as models for studying age-related differences in motivation, cognition, and decision-making has only recently been appreciated. This paper reviews the state of the art, with a focus on a recent study on Barbary macaques. A number of studies reported that with increasing age, Old World monkeys spend more time resting, have fewer social partners, and/or spend less time in social interactions, though other studies found no such effects...
June 17, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620323/integrated-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-and-psychotic-symptoms-a-case-series-study-using-imaginal-reprocessing-strategies
#5
Nadine Keen, Elaine C M Hunter, Emmanuelle Peters
Despite high rates of trauma in individuals with psychotic symptoms, post-traumatic stress symptoms are frequently overlooked in clinical practice. There is also reluctance to treat post-traumatic symptoms in case the therapeutic procedure of reprocessing the trauma exacerbates psychotic symptoms. Recent evidence demonstrates that it is safe to use reprocessing strategies in this population. However, most published studies have been based on treating post-traumatic symptoms in isolation from psychotic symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#6
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606629/neural-substrates-underlying-balanced-time-perspective-a-combined-voxel-based-morphometry-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#7
Yiqun Guo, Zhiyi Chen, Tingyong Feng
Balanced time perspective (BTP), which is defined as a mental ability to switch flexibly among different time perspectives Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), has been suggested to be a central component of positive psychology Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004). BTP reflects individual's cognitive flexibility towards different time frames, which leads to many positive outcomes, including positive mood, subjective wellbeing, emotional intelligence, fluid intelligence, and executive control. However, the neural basis of BTP is still unclear...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596618/development-of-a-cross-cultural-hpv-community-engagement-model-within-scotland
#8
Elaine Carnegie, Anne Whittaker, Carol Gray Brunton, Rhona Hogg, Catriona Kennedy, Shona Hilton, Seeromanie Harding, Kevin G Pollock, Janette Pow
OBJECTIVE: To examine cultural barriers and participant solutions regarding acceptance and uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine from the perspective of Black African, White-Caribbean, Arab, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani young people. METHODS: In total, 40 young people from minority ethnic communities in Scotland took part in a qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and four paired interviews, to explore their views and experiences of the HPV vaccine...
June 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594224/a-systematic-review-of-bayesian-articles-in-psychology-the-last-25-years
#9
Rens van de Schoot, Sonja D Winter, Oisín Ryan, Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Sarah Depaoli
Although the statistical tools most often used by researchers in the field of psychology over the last 25 years are based on frequentist statistics, it is often claimed that the alternative Bayesian approach to statistics is gaining in popularity. In the current article, we investigated this claim by performing the very first systematic review of Bayesian psychological articles published between 1990 and 2015 (n = 1,579). We aim to provide a thorough presentation of the role Bayesian statistics plays in psychology...
June 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588524/perceptual-plasticity-for-auditory-object-recognition
#10
Shannon L M Heald, Stephen C Van Hedger, Howard C Nusbaum
In our auditory environment, we rarely experience the exact acoustic waveform twice. This is especially true for communicative signals that have meaning for listeners. In speech and music, the acoustic signal changes as a function of the talker (or instrument), speaking (or playing) rate, and room acoustics, to name a few factors. Yet, despite this acoustic variability, we are able to recognize a sentence or melody as the same across various kinds of acoustic inputs and determine meaning based on listening goals, expectations, context, and experience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579765/effects-of-a-giant-exercising-board-game-intervention-on-ambulatory-physical-activity-among-nursing-home-residents-a-preliminary-study
#11
Alexandre Mouton, Nicolas Gillet, Flore Mouton, Dave Van Kann, Olivier Bruyère, Marc Cloes, Fanny Buckinx
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a giant (4×3 m) exercising board game intervention on ambulatory physical activity (PA) and a broader array of physical and psychological outcomes among nursing home residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental longitudinal study was carried out in two comparable nursing homes. Ten participants (aged 82.5±6.3 and comprising 6 women) meeting the inclusion criteria took part in the 1-month intervention in one nursing home, whereas 11 participants (aged 89...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579266/a-longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-during-orthognathic-treatment
#12
O Alanko, M T Tuomisto, T Peltomäki, M Tolvanen, T Soukka, A L Svedström-Oristo
The aim was to evaluate changes in the psychosocial well-being of orthognathic surgery patients (n=22) during treatment and to compare results with those of adults not requiring orthognathic treatment (n=22). Patient data were collected before treatment (T0), after the first orthodontic examination (T1), three times during treatment (T2-T4), and 1 year after surgery (T5). In this article, only data corresponding to patient stage T5 are reported for the control subjects. Participants filled in a structured diary and the modified version of the Secord and Jourard body image questionnaire, the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573783/towards-a-science-and-practice-of-resilience-in-the-face-of-pain
#13
REVIEW
L Goubert, H Trompetter
The primary objective of this paper is to discuss how a resilience approach to (chronic) pain may advance our current understanding of (mal)adaptation to pain. Different resilience perspectives are described, and future challenges for research, prevention and treatment of (chronic) pain are discussed. Literature searches were performed in Web of Science and PubMed to identify relevant literature on risk and resilience in the context of pain. Resilience can be best defined as the ability to restore and sustain living a fulfilling life in the presence of pain...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569541/-embodiment-as-procedures-physical-cleansing-changes-goal-priming-effects-correction-to-dong-and-lee-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Embodiment as procedures: Physical cleansing changes goal priming effects" by Ping Dong and Spike W. S. Lee (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017[Apr], Vol 146[4], 592-605). In the article, the following F-value and p-values in the Results section of Experiment 3 were set incorrectly: The p-value p=.925 should be p=.922. The F- and p-values F(1, 201)=.011, p=.916 should be F(1, 201) .014, p= .906. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-14922-010...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560199/emotional-intelligence-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#15
Hooshang Saberi, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating situation. Spinal Cord Injury affects functional, psychological and socioeconomic aspects of patients' lives. The ability to accomplish and explicate the one's own and other's feelings and emotions to spread over appropriate information for confirming thoughts and actions is defined as emotional intelligence (EI). The goal of this study was to evaluate depression and EI in SCI patients in comparison with healthy subjects. METHODS: One-hundred-ten patients with SCI and 80 healthy subjects between Aug 2014 and Aug 2015 were enrolled...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557483/emotional-flexibility-development-and-application-of-a-scale-in-adolescent-earthquake-survivors
#16
Fang Fu, Amy Chow, Jie Li, Zhen Cong
OBJECTIVE: Coping flexibility is strongly associated with individuals' well-being when coping with trauma. However an instrument to measure emotional flexibility, a specific type of coping flexibility, is yet to be developed. The present study reported the development and validation of a Self-Administered Inventory on emotional flexibility. The study also explored the relationship between emotional flexibility and psychological well-being in adolescents who had experienced the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555370/promoting-nurturing-environments-in-afterschool-settings
#17
REVIEW
Emilie Phillips Smith, Catherine P Bradshaw
Given the rise in dual-career and single-parent families, and the need for monitoring and supervision during out-of-school time, afterschool settings are becoming important contexts for the prevention of problem behaviors and the promotion of the positive development of youth. Research indicates that high-quality afterschool programs can have positive effects on children's academic, socio-emotional, and behavioral outcomes. But less is known about how these influences occur and potential mechanisms involved in this nurturing and promotion process...
June 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553138/children-s-and-adolescents-relationship-to-pain-during-cancer-treatment-a-preliminary-validation-of-the-pain-flexibility-scale-for-children
#18
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, Sandra Weineland Strandskov, JoAnne Dahl, Gustaf Ljungman
OBJECTIVES: Children with cancer often suffer from pain. Pain is associated with psychological distress, which may amplify the pain experience. In chronic pain, it has been shown that psychological acceptance is helpful for both adults and children. For experimentally induced pain, interventions fostering psychological acceptance have been shown to predict increases in pain tolerance and reductions in pain intensity and discomfort of pain. A single subject study aiming to nurture psychological acceptance for children with cancer experiencing pain has shown promising results...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543320/processes-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-the-rehabilitation-of-chronic-fatigue
#19
Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Håvard Kallestad, Nils Inge Landrø, Petter C Borchgrevink, Tore C Stiles
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) has never been tested for patients with chronic fatigue. We aimed to test if a 3.5-week ACT rehabilitation program for patients with chronic fatigue improved quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and psychological flexibility. Further, to test if improvements in QoL and fatigue were associated with improvement in psychological flexibility, and if psychological flexibility explained variance above and beyond maladaptive cognitions typically targeted in CBT for fatigue. Patients (n = 140) who had been on sick leave > 8 weeks due to chronic fatigue received a 3...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541080/state-special-education-criteria-for-identifying-intellectual-disability-a-review-following-revised-diagnostic-criteria-and-rosa-s-law
#20
Patrick J McNicholas, Randy G Floyd, Isaac L Woods, Leah J Singh, Meredith S Manguno, Kathrin E Maki
Across the last century, the condition known as intellectual disability (ID) has been labeled by assorted terms, its key features have varied, and recommendations for its identification have been divided. In light of recent changes to the diagnostic criteria for ID and to federal legislation, this study was designed to compile and summarize information about the state special education criteria for this condition and its associated assessment process, as they guide school-based and associated practices. Authors independently double-coded components of all ID regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia in pairs, which was then checked and corrected for inconsistencies...
May 25, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
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