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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898511/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-cancer-related-cognitive-dysfunction
#1
Shelly Kucherer, Robert J Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide the reader with an overview of the cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) and how cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can play an important role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT), a CBT developed to help cancer survivors develop adaptive skills to improve daily cognitive performance and emotional coping, may be an efficacious treatment of CRCD and can be delivered through videoconference technology to improve survivor access to care...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894822/a-parallel-group-randomised-open-blinded-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-depression-after-psychosis-pilot-trial-outcomes-adapt
#2
Andrew Gumley, Ross White, Andy Briggs, Ian Ford, Sarah Barry, Corinna Stewart, Sara Beedie, Jacqueline McTaggart, Caoimhe Clarke, Rachel MacLeod, Emma Lidstone, Bruno Salgado Riveros, Robin Young, Hamish McLeod
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the major contributors to poorer quality of life amongst individuals with psychosis and schizophrenia. The study was designed as a Pilot Trial to determine the parameters of a larger, definitive pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for depression after psychosis (ACTdp) for individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who also meet diagnostic criteria for major depression. METHODS: Participants were required to meet criteria for schizophrenia and major depression...
November 25, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891046/psychological-inflexibility-and-child-anxiety
#3
Ellin Simon, Peter Verboon
Psychological flexibility is the main outcome of acceptance commitment therapy. Insight into the usefulness of measuring psychological flexibility is an important step to enable studies on the effectiveness of acceptance commitment therapy in middle-aged children (8-10 years). For this purpose, we examined the factor structure, the construct validity and the reliability of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth taps psychological inflexibility (the opposite of psychological flexibility) in children and adolescents...
2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890222/multiple-imputation-as-a-flexible-tool-for-missing-data-handling-in-clinical-research
#4
Craig K Enders
The last 20 years has seen an uptick in research on missing data problems, and most software applications now implement one or more sophisticated missing data handling routines (e.g., multiple imputation or maximum likelihood estimation). Despite their superior statistical properties (e.g., less stringent assumptions, greater accuracy and power), the adoption of these modern analytic approaches is not uniform in psychology and related disciplines. Thus, the primary goal of this manuscript is to describe and illustrate the application of multiple imputation...
November 18, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879038/detecting-and-avoiding-likely-false-positive-findings%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-practical-guide
#5
Wolfgang Forstmeier, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Timothy H Parker
Recently there has been a growing concern that many published research findings do not hold up in attempts to replicate them. We argue that this problem may originate from a culture of 'you can publish if you found a significant effect'. This culture creates a systematic bias against the null hypothesis which renders meta-analyses questionable and may even lead to a situation where hypotheses become difficult to falsify. In order to pinpoint the sources of error and possible solutions, we review current scientific practices with regard to their effect on the probability of drawing a false-positive conclusion...
November 23, 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871024/is-it-time-to-address-survivorship-in-advanced-breast-cancer-a-review-article
#6
REVIEW
Simona Di Lascio, Olivia Pagani
The outcome of advanced breast cancer has significantly improved over recent decades. As a consequence, the complex needs of patients living with the disease and their care-givers should be addressed not only in terms of supportive and palliative care but also of "survivorship" requirements. The multidisciplinary approach to advanced breast cancer should encompass - early in the history of the disease - not only physical but also functional, social, psychological and spiritual domains. It is important to clearly define the disease context with patients and families ("chronic" preferred to "incurable"), addressing the concept of uncertainty, and tailoring the treatment strategy according to both disease status and individual priorities...
November 18, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869780/the-parent-psychological-flexibility-questionnaire-ppfq-item-reduction-and-validation-in-a-clinical-sample-of-swedish-parents-of-children-with-chronic-pain
#7
Camilla Wiwe Lipsker, Marie Kanstrup, Linda Holmström, Mike Kemani, Rikard K Wicksell
In pediatric chronic pain, research indicates a positive relation between parental psychological flexibility (i.e., the parent's willingness to experience distress related to the child's pain in the service of valued behavior) and level of functioning in the child. This points to the utility of targeting parental psychological flexibility in pediatric chronic pain. The Parent Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire (PPFQ) is currently the only instrument developed for this purpose, and two previous studies have indicated its reliability and validity...
November 19, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868437/can-we-address-depression-in-vision-rehabilitation-settings-professionals-perspectives-on-the-barriers-to-integrating-problem-solving-treatment
#8
Edith Holloway, Bonnie Sturrock, Ecosse Lamoureux, Jill Keeffe, Mark Hegel, Robin Casten, David Mellor, Gwyneth Rees
PURPOSE: Low vision rehabilitation (LVR) is a pertinent context for integrating early, evidence-based psychological interventions given the high prevalence of untreated depression in adults with vision impairment. This study aims to identify the perceived barriers and facilitators to staff-delivered telephone-based problem-solving treatment for primary care (PST-PC) offered as an integrated component of LVR. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews, developed using the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), were conducted with 21 LVR professionals and a clinical psychologist involved in the delivery of PST-PC...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865584/cooperation-and-deception-in-primates
#9
Katie Hall, Sarah F Brosnan
Though competition and cooperation are often considered opposing forces in an arms race driving natural selection, many animals, including humans, cooperate in order to mitigate competition with others. Understanding others' psychological states, such as seeing and knowing, others' goals and intentions, and coordinating actions are all important for complex cooperation-as well as for predicting behavior in order to take advantage of others through tactical deception, a form of competition. We outline evidence of primates' understanding of how others perceive the world, and then consider how the evidence from both deception and cooperation fits this framework to give us a more complete understanding of the evolution of complex social cognition in primates...
November 16, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854323/a-clinical-pilot-study-of-individual-and-group-treatment-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-and-their-parents-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-functioning
#10
Marie Kanstrup, Rikard K Wicksell, Mike Kemani, Camilla Wiwe Lipsker, Mats Lekander, Linda Holmström
Pediatric chronic pain is common and can result in substantial long-term disability. Previous studies on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have shown promising results in improving functioning in affected children, but more research is still urgently needed. In the current clinical pilot study, we evaluated an ACT-based interdisciplinary outpatient intervention (14 sessions), including a parent support program (four sessions). Adolescents were referred to the clinic if they experienced disabling chronic pain...
November 16, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854120/toward-dynamic-adaptation-of-psychological-interventions-for-child-and-adolescent-development-and-mental-health
#11
Tina Malti, Gil G Noam, Andreas Beelmann, Simon Sommer
Children's and adolescents' mental health needs emphasize the necessity of a new era of translational research to enhance development and yield better lives for children, families, and communities. Developmental, clinical, and translational research serves as a powerful tool for managing the inevitable complexities in pursuit of these goals. This article proposes key ideas that will strengthen current evidence-based intervention practices by creating stronger links between research, practice, and complex systems contexts, with the potential of extending applicability, replicability, and impact...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837568/psynteract-a-flexible-cross-platform-open-framework-for-interactive-experiments
#12
Felix Henninger, Pascal J Kieslich, Benjamin E Hilbig
We introduce a novel platform for interactive studies, that is, any form of study in which participants' experiences depend not only on their own responses, but also on those of other participants who complete the same study in parallel, for example a prisoner's dilemma or an ultimatum game. The software thus especially serves the rapidly growing field of strategic interaction research within psychology and behavioral economics. In contrast to all available software packages, our platform does not handle stimulus display and response collection itself...
November 11, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834915/opioid-substitution-treatment-planning-in-a-disaster-context-perspectives-from-emergency-management-and-health-professionals-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#13
Denise Blake, Antonia Lyons
Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) is a harm reduction strategy enabling opiate consumers to avoid withdrawal symptoms and maintain health and wellbeing. Some research shows that within a disaster context service disruptions and infrastructure damage affect OST services, including problems with accessibility, dosing, and scripts. Currently little is known about planning for OST in the reduction and response phases of a disaster. This study aimed to identify the views of three professional groups working in Aotearoa/New Zealand about OST provision following a disaster...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834487/associations-between-childhood-adversity-and-daily-suppression-and-avoidance-in-response-to-stress-in-adulthood-can-neurobiological-sensitivity-help-explain-this-relationship
#14
Melissa J Hagan, Nicole Bush, Wendy Berry Mendes, Justine Arenander, Elissa Epel, Eli Puterman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it has been postulated that psychological responses to stress in adulthood are grounded in childhood experiences in the family environment, evidence has been inconsistent. This study tested whether two putative measures of neurobiological sensitivity (vagal flexibility and attentional capacity) moderated the relation between women's reported exposure to a risky childhood environment and current engagement in suppressive or avoidant coping in response to daily stress...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802125/perceived-needs-for-support-program-for-family-with-child-sexual-abuse-victim-in-south-korea-focus-group-interview-with-therapists-and-mothers
#15
Suejung Han, Jinsook Kim
This study assessed perceived needs for psychological support program for family with victim of child sexual abuse in South Korea. We conducted two separate focus group interviews with five therapists who served child sexual abuse victims and families as well as four mothers of a child sexual abuse victim. Consensual qualitative research analysis revealed four domains: Emotional support for parents, psychoeducation, family therapy, and tailored and flexible service delivery. Core ideas of the four domains were identified...
October 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797567/psychometric-properties-of-the-pact-scale-and-relations-with-symptoms-of-ptsd
#16
Caitlin M Pinciotti, Antonia V Seligowski, Holly K Orcutt
Objective: Healing from trauma has been conceptualized as either facing the trauma head-on or moving beyond the trauma and focusing on the future. Emerging research suggests that the greatest healing may result from the ability to adaptively use both (i.e., coping flexibility). The current study sought to examine the psychometric properties of a self-report scale of coping flexibility: the Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma (PACT) Scale. Method: Participants included 322 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a large Midwestern university...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776279/the-role-of-body-image-psychological-flexibility-on-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-a-residential-facility
#17
E J Bluett, E B Lee, M Simone, G Lockhart, M P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test whether pre-treatment levels of psychological flexibility would longitudinally predict quality of life and eating disorder risk in patients at a residential treatment facility for eating disorders. METHOD: Data on body image psychological flexibility, quality of life, and eating disorder risk were collected from 63 adolescent and 50 adult, female, residential patients (N=113) diagnosed with an eating disorder. These same measures were again collected at post-treatment...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766516/proxy-reported-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-is-associated-with-executive-functions-and-cortical-thickness
#18
O Laporta-Hoyos, J Ballester-Plané, P Póo, A Macaya, M Meléndez-Plumed, E Vázquez, I Delgado, L Zubiaurre-Elorza, V L Botellero, A Narberhaus, E Toro-Tamargo, D Segarra, R Pueyo
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with cerebral palsy (CP), and executive functioning is an important predictor of QOL in other health-related conditions. Little is known about this association in CP or about its neural substrate. We aim to analyze the influence of executive functioning (including cognitive flexibility) as well as that of other psychological, motor, communication and socioeconomic variables on QOL and to identify neuroanatomical areas related to QOL in adolescents and adults with CP...
October 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752242/pragmatic-frames-for-teaching-and-learning-in-human-robot-interaction-review-and-challenges
#19
Anna-Lisa Vollmer, Britta Wrede, Katharina J Rohlfing, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
One of the big challenges in robotics today is to learn from human users that are inexperienced in interacting with robots but yet are often used to teach skills flexibly to other humans and to children in particular. A potential route toward natural and efficient learning and teaching in Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) is to leverage the social competences of humans and the underlying interactional mechanisms. In this perspective, this article discusses the importance of pragmatic frames as flexible interaction protocols that provide important contextual cues to enable learners to infer new action or language skills and teachers to convey these cues...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#20
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
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