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Psychological flexibility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543320/processes-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-the-rehabilitation-of-chronic-fatigue
#1
Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Håvard Kallestad, Nils Inge Landrø, Petter C Borchgrevink, Tore C Stiles
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) has never been tested for patients with chronic fatigue. We aimed to test if a 3.5-week ACT rehabilitation program for patients with chronic fatigue improved quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and psychological flexibility. Further, to test if improvements in QoL and fatigue were associated with improvement in psychological flexibility, and if psychological flexibility explained variance above and beyond maladaptive cognitions typically targeted in CBT for fatigue. Patients (n = 140) who had been on sick leave > 8 weeks due to chronic fatigue received a 3...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541080/state-special-education-criteria-for-identifying-intellectual-disability-a-review-following-revised-diagnostic-criteria-and-rosa-s-law
#2
Patrick J McNicholas, Randy G Floyd, Isaac L Woods, Leah J Singh, Meredith S Manguno, Kathrin E Maki
Across the last century, the condition known as intellectual disability (ID) has been labeled by assorted terms, its key features have varied, and recommendations for its identification have been divided. In light of recent changes to the diagnostic criteria for ID and to federal legislation, this study was designed to compile and summarize information about the state special education criteria for this condition and its associated assessment process, as they guide school-based and associated practices. Authors independently double-coded components of all ID regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia in pairs, which was then checked and corrected for inconsistencies...
May 25, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540522/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-as-mediator-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-family-socio-economic-status-and-school-grades
#3
Guido Alessandri, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Concetta Pastorelli
Family socio-economic status (SES) represents one of the major determinants of youth's scholastic achievement, and thus it is important to unravel the psychological factors underlining this relation. In this article, we examined youth's ability to flexibly adapt and, thus, cope with harsh environmental conditions-assessed by the construct of ego-resiliency-as a mediating mechanism in the across-time association between family SES and academic achievement. The longitudinal sample was composed of 265 (56% females) Italian students who were about 13 years old at Time 1 (T1) and about 18 years old at Time 2 (T2)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524766/psychological-flexibility-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-relating-patterns-of-acceptance-adherence-and-stress-to-adaptation
#4
Rebecca C Kamody, Kristoffer S Berlin, Tiffany M Rybak, Kimberly L Klages, Gabrielle G Banks, Jeanelle S Ali, Ramin Alemzadeh, Robert J Ferry, Alicia M Diaz Thomas
Psychological flexibility, a complex concept encompassing both acceptance and action related factors, has been identified as a target for intervention for diabetes management. Research suggests acceptance, self-management, and stress, all factors that influence psychological flexibility, have an impact on adaptation to type 1 diabetes (T1D) by youth independently. However, yet to be explored is individually varying patterns of these variables and how they may relate to diabetes adaptation outcomes. The present study aimed to establish individual variations of patterns of these factors to derive profiles of psychological flexibility, and examine their relations to the adaptation outcomes of glycemic control and health-related quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523962/patients-experiences-with-routine-outcome-monitoring-and-clinical-feedback-systems-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-empirical-literature
#5
Stig Magne Solstad, Louis Georges Castonguay, Christian Moltu
Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) and clinical feedback (CF) systems have become important tools for psychological therapies, but there are challenges for their successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: To overcome these challenges, a greater understanding is needed about how patients experience the use of ROM/CF. METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature search of qualitative studies on patient experiences with the use of ROM/CF in mental health services. RESULTS: The findings from 16 studies were synthesized, resulting in four meta-themes: (1) Suspicion towards service providers, (2) Flexibility and support to capture complexity, (3) Empowering patients, and (4) Developing collaborative practice...
May 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504021/the-theory-of-dyadic-morality-reinventing-moral-judgment-by-redefining-harm
#6
Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
The nature of harm-and therefore moral judgment-may be misunderstood. Rather than an objective matter of reason, we argue that harm should be redefined as an intuitively perceived continuum. This redefinition provides a new understanding of moral content and mechanism-the constructionist Theory of Dyadic Morality (TDM). TDM suggests that acts are condemned proportional to three elements: norm violations, negative affect, and-importantly-perceived harm. This harm is dyadic, involving an intentional agent causing damage to a vulnerable patient (A→P)...
May 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#7
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503529/regular-physical-education-class-enhances-sociality-and-physical-fitness-while-reducing-psychological-problems-in-children-of-multicultural-families
#8
Jae-Wan Park, Seong-Hwan Park, Chang-Mo Koo, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Chan-Bok Lee, Joung-Hyun Ham, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee
This study investigated the influence of physical education class (PEC) as an intervention method for aggression, sociality, stress, and physical fitness levels in children from multicultural families. The hypothesis was that participating in PEC would result in reduced aggression and stress and improved sociality and physical fitness in multicultural children. A three-item questionnaire, a body composition test, and physical fitness tests were given three times. Eighty-four subjects were divided into four groups: multicultural children who participated in PEC (multi-PEG, n=12), multicultural children who did not participate in PEC (multi-NPEG, n=13), single-cultural children who participated in PEC (sing-PEG, n=11), and single-cultural children who did not participate in PEC (sing-NPEG, n=12), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503528/the-development-of-anger-management-program-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-youth-taekwondo-players
#9
Duksun Chang, Seunghyun Hwang
This study aimed to develop an intervention program based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for youth taekwondo players. Eight sessions of the ACT program were provided to nine youth taekwondo players. The content analysis was conducted for the activities, activity sheets, assignments, and program evaluations. First of all, the results showed that the ACT program changed the participants' diverse psychological inflexibility a flexible and value-oriented state, which was supported by their positive mood changes after each session...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493732/psychological-flexibility-mitigates-effects-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-negative-urgency-on-aggressive-behavior-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#10
Sunny J Dutra, Naomi Sadeh
Recent literature suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can interact with personality factors to predict externalizing behaviors. Engagement in externalizing behaviors such as substance abuse and aggressive behavior may, in turn, increase risk for further trauma exposure and a more chronic course of PTSD. In order to better understand how to intervene on this cycle, the current study aimed to identify factors that could explain risk for externalizing behaviors among trauma-exposed veterans...
May 11, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485527/contributions-of-cognitions-psychological-flexibility-and-therapeutic-alliance-to-suicidal-ideation-in-psychiatric-inpatients
#11
Katrina A Rufino, Thomas E Ellis
Although suicide treatment is an expanding area of research, there is relatively less in the literature with respect to how specific vulnerabilities to suicide are addressed by treatment. Utilizing measures of suicide cognitions, therapeutic alliance, and psychological flexibility, we compared their relative contributions to suicidal ideation during and posttreatment among a group of adult psychiatric inpatients (N = 434). Results revealed that cognitions contributed considerably more unique variance to suicidal ideation than alliance and flexibility at discharge and at 2 weeks postdischarge, and to change in suicidal ideation over the course of treatment...
May 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485483/preliminary-support-for-a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-improve-first-time-hearing-aid-use-among-adults
#12
Christopher J Armitage, Deborah Lees, Kathryn Lewis, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVES: Suboptimal hearing aid use extorts significant social, health, and economic costs. The aims of this study were to (1) test the novel hypothesis that the threat associated with being diagnosed with hearing loss could be ameliorated with a self-affirmation manipulation and (2) gauge the feasibility of deploying the manipulation in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: Parallel groups randomized controlled trial with 10-week follow-up. METHOD: Fifty people, newly prescribed with a hearing aid, completed either a questionnaire that included a brief self-affirming exercise or an identical questionnaire with no self-affirming exercise...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482254/the-role-of-poly-victimization-in-predicting-differences-in-foster-youths-appraisals
#13
Stephanie Gusler, Yo Jackson
The present article examines the role of poly-victimization (i.e., number of categories of maltreatment experiences and total maltreatment exposure) in predicting differences in appraisals for 272 youth in foster care (ages 8-21). Poly-victimization was hypothesized to be predictive of negative appraisal valence (i.e., interpreting the impact of a stressful life event as being bad/negative) and appraisal rigidity (i.e., interpreting the impact of life events as being consistently positive or negative across different events) above and beyond any single category of maltreatment...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481893/evaluation-of-a-transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-online-intervention-to-support-return-to-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Katharina Gerzymisch, Martin Siepmann, Martin Holme, Ulrich Kiwus, Sieglinde Spörl-Dönch, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Given their flexibility, online interventions may be useful as an outpatient treatment option to support vocational reintegration after inpatient rehabilitation. To that purpose we devised a transdiagnostic psychodynamic online intervention to facilitate return to work, focusing on interpersonal conflicts at the workplace often responsible for work-related stress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, we included employed patients from cardiologic, psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation with work-related stress or need for support at intake to inpatient rehabilitation after they had given written consent to take part in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481144/patients-perspectives-on-care-management-services-for-complex-substance-use-disorders
#15
Eric Hawkins, Aline Lott, Carol Malte, Anissa Frank, Brittney Hamilton, George Sayre, Janelle Painter, John Baer
BACKGROUND: Although care management approaches have potential to improve clinical outcomes and reduce high health care costs of patients with complex substance use disorders, characterized by high psychosocial, psychological and/or medical needs and high acute healthcare utilization, little is known about patients' perspectives or experiences with these interventions. AIMS: To identify barriers and facilitators to patient engagement in care management services for complex substance use disorders from patients' perspectives...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479798/impairments-in-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-functions-in-long-term-survivors-of-glioblastoma
#16
Chirag Solanki, Divya Sadana, Arivazhagan Arimappamagan, K V L N Rao, Jamuna Rajeswaran, D K Subbakrishna, Vani Santosh, Paritosh Pandey
BACKGROUND: The incidence of long-term survival in glioblastoma (GBM), i.e., >3 years, ranges from 3% to 5%. Although extensive research is performed in novel therapies for prolonging survival, there is a scarcity of research focusing on the impact of tumor and treatment on cognitive, psychological, and social status of survivors. This study is an attempt to look into this poorly addressed important issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients (six adults and three children) with GBM who had survived >3 years were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478857/a-qualitative-study-of-the-post-treatment-experiences-and-support-needs-of-survivors-of-lymphoma
#17
Leanne Monterosso, Karen Taylor, Violet Platt, Elizabeth Lobb, Meinir Krishnasamy, Toni Musiello, Caroline Bulsara, Kendall Stratton, David Joske
PURPOSE: To explore the post-treatment experiences and preferences for follow-up support of lymphoma survivors. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with 17 participants to explore informational, psychological, emotional, social, practical and physical needs, 6-30 months post-treatment for lymphoma. Perceptions regarding a potential model of survivorship care were also elicited. RESULTS: Thematic content analysis revealed five key themes: Information; Loss and uncertainty; Family, support and post-treatment experience; Transition, connectivity and normalcy, and Person-centred post-treatment care...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471984/what-are-the-effects-of-psychological-stress-and-physical-work-on-blood-lipid-profiles
#18
Seyedeh Negar Assadi
Blood lipids disorders are prevalent in the world. Some of their risk factors are modifiable such as mental and physical stress which existed in some places such as work environment.Objective of this study was to determine the effects of psychological and physical stress on the lipid profiles. It was a historical cohort study. The people who were employed as general worker were participated. The study was conducted with flexible interview for getting history, lipid profile examination, and a checklist including occupational and nonoccupational risk factors and using the health issues...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462208/diagnosis-of-the-ocd-patients-using-drawing-features-of-the-bender-gestalt-shapes
#19
R Boostani, F Asadi, N Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Since psychological tests such as questionnaire or drawing tests are almost qualitative, their results carry a degree of uncertainty and sometimes subjectivity. The deficiency of all drawing tests is that the assessment is carried out after drawing the objects and lots of information such as pen angle, speed, curvature and pressure are missed through the test. In other words, the psychologists cannot assess their patients while running the tests. One of the famous drawing tests to measure the degree of Obsession Compulsion Disorder (OCD) is the Bender Gestalt, though its reliability is not promising...
March 2017: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#20
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
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