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Teachable Moment

J Okely, C Mason, A Collier, N Dunnachie, V Swanson
AIMS: Research regarding the determinants of concordance with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treatment is limited. Here, we test whether the psychosocial changes outlined in the teachable moments model, as proposed by McBride et al. (McBride CM, Emmons KM, Lipkus IM. Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation. Health Educ Res 2003; 18: 156-170) are associated with following GDM treatment recommendations. METHODS: Fifty-nine women completed a baseline questionnaire (1 week after GDM diagnosis) in which they reported risk perception, social support, emotional response, the importance of their maternal identity and self-efficacy...
August 17, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Cuong Quach, Benjamin T Galen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Bharat Maraj, Charlie M Wray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ameera Abdelrahim, Claire Balmer, June Jones, Hisham Mehanna, Janet Dunn
PURPOSE: Smoking is a major cause of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), yet many patients who receive a diagnosis continue to smoke. This has an adverse effect on treatment and recovery, and leads to increased risks of recurrence and second cancers. There is evidence that stopping smoking after diagnosis can lead to better outcomes and reversal of risks. However, there is limited evidence for effective smoking cessation interventions in this population, and little about patient opinions regarding quitting smoking and support provided by healthcare professionals...
August 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
James G Ravenel, John W Nance
Lung cancer screening has been shown in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) to result in a statistically significant decrease in lung cancer specific mortality. Also within that trial there was shown to be a 7% decrease in all-cause mortality. While the reasons for this benefit are not entirely clear, it may relate to the detection and treatment of other important findings. Smokers not only have a higher risk of lung cancer, but also increased risk of atherosclerosis. The latter can be detected by the discovery of aortic and/or coronary artery calcium on unenhanced CT...
June 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Julie A Schmittdiel, Solveig A Cunningham, Sara R Adams, Jannie Nielsen, Mohammed K Ali
PURPOSE: When a person is given a diagnosis of diabetes, the changes in his or her health behaviors may influence the behaviors of his or her partner. The diabetes diagnosis may affect household members' perceptions of their own health risks, which could trigger behavioral change. The purpose of this study was to assess whether partners of persons with newly diagnosed diabetes changed their health behaviors compared with partners of persons without diabetes. METHODS: The study population consisted of Kaiser Permanente Northern California health plan members from 2007 to 2011...
July 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Danielle Erkoboni, Jenny Radesky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jaclyn LoPiccolo, Seema A Mehta, Evan J Lipson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Neil Keshvani, Ank Nijhawan, Arjun Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Alan K Davis, Brooke J Arterberry, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Rebecca M Cunningham, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Reducing underage drinking is a public health priority given increased risk for injury and other consequences. Emergency department (ED) visits offer a potential "teachable moment" to initiate interventions among youth engaged in risky drinking. Given mixed findings for alcohol brief interventions (BIs), this paper examined baseline markers of BI response in order to inform future interventions. METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses of data from a randomized controlled trial of an alcohol BI delivered to youth in an ED...
July 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Elad Segev
This study examined to what extent Nobel Prize announcements and awards trigger global and local searches or "teachable moments" related to the laureates and their discoveries. We examined the longitudinal trends in Google searches for the names and discoveries of Nobel laureates from 2012 to 2017. The findings show that Nobel Prize events clearly trigger more searches for laureates, but also for their respective discoveries. We suggest that fascination with the Nobel prize creates a teachable moment not only for the underlying science, but also about the nature of science...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
Madeline R Sterling, Ariel F Silva, Mary E Charlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Deborah Grady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Carolyn Dresler, Graham W Warren, Douglas Arenberg, Ping Yang, Matthew A Steliga, K Michael Cummings, Emily Stone, Jacek Jassem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Teresa Corbett, Tara Cheetham, Andre Matthias Müller, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Laura Wilde, Adele Krusche, Alison Richardson, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet can improve the well-being of cancer survivors. However, cancer survivors often do not engage in these behaviours. This study aimed to explore barriers and facilitators to engaging in these behaviours following cancer treatment. METHODS: During the development of a Web-based intervention to enhance health-related quality of life in cancer survivors, 32 people who had completed treatment for breast, colon, or prostate cancer were presented with an intervention for PA and healthy eating...
July 2018: Psycho-oncology
James N F Murphy, Ivan Le Jeune
Physical inactivity causes morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenditure. A minority of people undertake sufficient physical activity to meet the DoH recommendations. NICE has determined that brief advice in primary care is costeffective in increasing physical activity levels but there is no current recommendation for secondary care. Acute medical admissions represent "teachable moments" where patients might be receptive to advice. Qualitative methodology was used to determine the perspectives of acute medical in-patients on their willingness to receive physical activity advice and on its format and delivery...
2018: Acute Medicine
Jason H Maley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Josephine Feliciano, Breanna Becker, Manish Shukla, Joann Bodurtha
BACKGROUND: The risk factors, diagnosis, management, and outcomes for lung cancer (LC) are a family experience. Genetic and environmental factors interact to predispose certain groups to LC, including family member, and the family or caregiving unit experiences the disease course as an interdependent group. This qualitative study examined the concerns and preferences of LC patients about incorporating family in addressing their lung cancer experiences and cancer risks. METHODS: This project aims to identify concerns and preferences for addressing family history documentation, risk assessment, prevention, and follow-up issues for LC patients and their family...
September 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Geraldine J Liao, Christoph I Lee
With widespread adoption of web portals and unfettered patient access to online radiology reports, these previous end products are quickly becoming springboards for direct radiologist-patient interactions, further increasing the value proposition for radiologists in an era of patient-centered care. Here, we provide a real-world scenario demonstrating a teachable moment on how imaging examination reporting in the digital era is expanding the radiologist's role in patient consultation.
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Adam Reisman, Hyung J Cho, Horatio Holzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
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