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Teachable Moment

Cendrine D Robinson, Amparo Gonzalez-Feliciano, Lorelei A Mucci, Sarah C Markt
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking among cancer survivors increases the risk of recurrence and secondary cancers. We sought to investigate smoking cessation following diagnosis of cancer compared to those not diagnosed with cancer. We also investigated cessation following diagnosis of a smoking-related and non-smoking-related cancer separately. METHODS: We conducted a matched cohort study within the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS). We identified 566 men diagnosed with cancer who were current cigarette smokers at the time of diagnosis between 1986 and 2010 (exposed)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Marcia E Clark, Ben Young, Laura E Bedford, Roshan das Nair, John F R Robertson, Kavita Vedhara, Francis Sullivan, Frances S Mair, Stuart Schembri, Roberta C Littleford, Denise Kendrick
Background: Lung cancer screening can reduce lung cancer mortality by 20%. Screen-detected abnormalities may provide teachable moments for smoking cessation. This study assesses impact of pulmonary nodule detection on smoking behaviours within the first UK trial of a novel auto-antibody test, followed by chest x-ray and serial CT scanning for early detection of lung cancer (Early Cancer Detection Test-Lung Cancer Scotland Study). Methods: Test-positive participants completed questionnaires on smoking behaviours at baseline, 1, 3 and 6 months...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Jamilia R Sly, Sarah J Miller, Yaqi Li, Kemi Bolutayo, Lina Jandorf
Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening may be a teachable moment for smoking cessation among African Americans. African Americans have been understudied within the context of LDCT and smoking cessation. The study objective was to evaluate the feasibility of recruiting African Americans to a future longitudinal trial and to obtain sample size estimates for that trial. Participants (N = 18) were African Americans eligible for LDCT screening who completed a questionnaire at three time points. Self-efficacy and intention to quit smoking were compared...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Rebecca Barwise-Munro, Heather Morgan, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: The number of acute medical paediatric emergency admissions is rising. We undertook qualitative interviews with parents and clinicians to better understand what factors, other than the health status of the child, may influence decision making leading to emergency admission. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents; clinicians working in general practice, out-of-hours or the emergency department (referring clinicians); and doctors working in acute medical paediatrics (receiving clinicians)...
September 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Leonard Riley, Hassan Alnuaimat, Ali Ataya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
J Okely, C Mason, A Collier, N Dunnachie, V Swanson
AIMS: Research regarding the determinants of concordance with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treatment is limited. Here, we test whether the psychosocial changes outlined in the teachable moments model, as proposed by McBride et al. (McBride CM, Emmons KM, Lipkus IM. Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation. Health Educ Res 2003; 18: 156-170) are associated with following GDM treatment recommendations. METHODS: Fifty-nine women completed a baseline questionnaire (1 week after GDM diagnosis) in which they reported risk perception, social support, emotional response, the importance of their maternal identity and self-efficacy...
August 17, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Cuong Quach, Benjamin T Galen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Bharat Maraj, Charlie M Wray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ameera Abdelrahim, Claire Balmer, June Jones, Hisham Mehanna, Janet Dunn
PURPOSE: Smoking is a major cause of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), yet many patients who receive a diagnosis continue to smoke. This has an adverse effect on treatment and recovery, and leads to increased risks of recurrence and second cancers. There is evidence that stopping smoking after diagnosis can lead to better outcomes and reversal of risks. However, there is limited evidence for effective smoking cessation interventions in this population, and little about patient opinions regarding quitting smoking and support provided by healthcare professionals...
August 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
James G Ravenel, John W Nance
Lung cancer screening has been shown in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) to result in a statistically significant decrease in lung cancer specific mortality. Also within that trial there was shown to be a 7% decrease in all-cause mortality. While the reasons for this benefit are not entirely clear, it may relate to the detection and treatment of other important findings. Smokers not only have a higher risk of lung cancer, but also increased risk of atherosclerosis. The latter can be detected by the discovery of aortic and/or coronary artery calcium on unenhanced CT...
June 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Julie A Schmittdiel, Solveig A Cunningham, Sara R Adams, Jannie Nielsen, Mohammed K Ali
PURPOSE: When a person is given a diagnosis of diabetes, the changes in his or her health behaviors may influence the behaviors of his or her partner. The diabetes diagnosis may affect household members' perceptions of their own health risks, which could trigger behavioral change. The purpose of this study was to assess whether partners of persons with newly diagnosed diabetes changed their health behaviors compared with partners of persons without diabetes. METHODS: The study population consisted of Kaiser Permanente Northern California health plan members from 2007 to 2011...
July 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Danielle Erkoboni, Jenny Radesky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jaclyn LoPiccolo, Seema A Mehta, Evan J Lipson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Neil Keshvani, Ank Nijhawan, Arjun Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Alan K Davis, Brooke J Arterberry, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Rebecca M Cunningham, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Reducing underage drinking is a public health priority given increased risk for injury and other consequences. Emergency department (ED) visits offer a potential "teachable moment" to initiate interventions among youth engaged in risky drinking. Given mixed findings for alcohol brief interventions (BIs), this paper examined baseline markers of BI response in order to inform future interventions. METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses of data from a randomized controlled trial of an alcohol BI delivered to youth in an ED...
July 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Elad Segev
This study examined to what extent Nobel Prize announcements and awards trigger global and local searches or "teachable moments" related to the laureates and their discoveries. We examined the longitudinal trends in Google searches for the names and discoveries of Nobel laureates from 2012 to 2017. The findings show that Nobel Prize events clearly trigger more searches for laureates, but also for their respective discoveries. We suggest that fascination with the Nobel prize creates a teachable moment not only for the underlying science, but also about the nature of science...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
Madeline R Sterling, Ariel F Silva, Mary E Charlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Deborah Grady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Carolyn Dresler, Graham W Warren, Douglas Arenberg, Ping Yang, Matthew A Steliga, K Michael Cummings, Emily Stone, Jacek Jassem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Teresa Corbett, Tara Cheetham, Andre Matthias Müller, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Laura Wilde, Adele Krusche, Alison Richardson, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet can improve the well-being of cancer survivors. However, cancer survivors often do not engage in these behaviours. This study aimed to explore barriers and facilitators to engaging in these behaviours following cancer treatment. METHODS: During the development of a Web-based intervention to enhance health-related quality of life in cancer survivors, 32 people who had completed treatment for breast, colon, or prostate cancer were presented with an intervention for PA and healthy eating...
July 2018: Psycho-oncology
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