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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356366/choroidal-thickness-at-age-66%C3%A2-years-in-the-danish-high-myopia-study-cohort-1948-compared-with-follow-up-data-on-visual-acuity-over-40%C3%A2-years-a-clinical-update-adding-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Hans C Fledelius, Nina Jacobsen, Xiao Q Li, Ernst Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A population-based Copenhagen birth year 1948 cohort with high myopia recorded since age 14 years (spherical equivalent less than or equivalent to -6 D) has been followed over 50 years. Despite complications, current follow-ups have outlined a better visual prognosis than usually drawn from selected clinical series in the literature. For the present status at age 66 years, focus was on visual ability and choroidal thickness. METHODS: Twenty-eight of the original 39 participants were available in 2014...
February 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356278/antiplatelet-drug-selection-in-pci-to-vein-grafts-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-insights-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#2
Alex Sirker, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Tom Johnson, Philip Freeman, Mark A de Belder, Peter Ludman, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate outcomes associated with different P2Y12 agents in Saphenous Vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: SVG PCI is associated with greater risks of ischemic complications, compared with native coronary PCI. Outcomes associated with the use of potent P2Y12 blocking drugs, Prasugrel and Ticagrelor, in SVG PCI are unknown. METHODS: Patients included in the study underwent SVG PCI in the United Kingdom between 2007 and 2014 for acute coronary syndrome and were grouped by P2Y12 antiplatelet use...
January 22, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356274/purpose-built-national-burns-center-the-israeli-experience
#3
Hagit Ofir, Hadas Shefler, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary, Moti Harats, Josef Haik
The opening of the National Burns Center (NBC) in Sheba Medical Center (SMC) in 2014 was a keystone point in the development of specialized burns trauma services for Israel to ensure burn care and disaster planning at international standards. The NBC is a purpose-built, level 1 burns trauma center that receives patients from Israel, Gaza, West Bank, and abroad. Hosting six intensive care and four step-down burns beds, the center serves as a referral center for patients in other health-care facilities with indication for hospitalization...
January 22, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356269/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-versus-everolimus-eluting-stents-or-drug-eluting-balloon-for-the-treatment-of-coronary-in-stent-restenosis-1-year-follow-up-of-a-propensity-score-matching-comparison-the-bioresolve-isr-study
#4
Elisabetta Moscarella, Akihito Tanaka, Alfonso Ielasi, Bernardo Cortese, Sebastian Coscarelli, Maria Carmen De Angelis, Davide Piraino, Azeem Latib, Giulietta Grigis, Renatomaria Bianchi, Dario Buccheri, Paolo Calabrò, Maurizio Tespili, Pedro Silva Orrego, Antonio Colombo, Attilio Varricchio
OBJECTIVES: to compare the 1-year outcome between bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), everolimus-eluting stent (EES), and drug-eluting balloon (DEB) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) treatment. BACKGROUND: BVS has been proposed as alternative for ISR treatment. To date a direct comparison between BVS and DES or DEB for ISR treatment is lacking. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all ISR lesions treated with BVS, DEB, and EES from January 2012 to December 2014...
January 22, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356230/maternal-and-child-health-nurses-work-with-refugee-families-perspectives-from-regional-victoria-australia
#5
Suzanne M Willey, Robyn P Cant, Allison Williams, Meredith McIntyre
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore service provision for Victorian regional refugee families from the perspective of Maternal and Child Health nurses. BACKGROUND: Increasingly, more families from a refugee background are resettling in regional Victoria. The refugee journey has significant effect on families. Refugee families with infants and young children can be provided with support by Maternal and Child Health services; however, many families experience barriers to ongoing engagement with this service...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356149/a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-examining-the-impact-of-risk-factors-such-as-bmi-and-waist-circumference-on-quality-of-life-improvement-and-clinical-response-in-moderate-to-severe-plaque-type-psoriasis-patients-treated-with-infliximab-in-routine
#6
A Petridis, P Panagakis, E Moustou, T Vergou, P Kallidis, I Mandekou-Lefaki, G Chaidemenos, D Sotiriadis, G Alexopoulou, Y Haratsis, C Antoniou
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis severity and PASI 75 response attainment of biologic therapies, but findings are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on disease severity, to identify potential patient characteristics associated with response attainment, and to assess the impact of infliximab on the patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among infliximab-treated patients in the routine care setting of Greece...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356080/striving-to-meet-targets-for-ideal-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-brazil-data-from-the-midwest-region
#7
Gustavo Carvalho, Salvador Rassi, Enio Guérios, Fernando A M Curado, Ana Tereza Bastos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the systematic chain of care for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) referred for primary angioplasty in a capital city in Midwestern Brazil. BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction is recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality and as a public health problem worldwide. Early specialized care is crucial for a good prognosis. METHODS: All STEMI patients receiving care through the public health system at two tertiary care centers from March 2012 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355996/lymphatic-vessel-diameter-in-female-pelvic-cancer-related-lower-extremity-lymphedematous-limbs
#8
Takumi Yamamoto, Mitsunaga Narushima, Isao Koshima
BACKGROUND: Lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) has become one of the useful surgical treatments for compression-refractory lower extremity lymphedema (LEL). It is important to anastomose larger lymphatic vessels with abundant lymph flows in LVA surgery. This study aimed to clarify factors associated with lymphatic vessel diameter. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four LEL patients who underwent pre-operative indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography and LVA from June 2009 to August 2014 in a single institution were included in this retrospective observational study...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355988/variation-in-practice-patterns-and-outcomes-across-united-network-for-organ-sharing-allocation-regions
#9
Dushyanth Srinivasan, Benjamin Vaccaro, Pooja Rao, Rohit Ghosh, Prashant Warier, Tariq Ahmad, Nihar Desai
BACKGROUND: The number of heart transplants performed is limited by organ availability and is managed by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). Efforts are underway to make organ disbursement more equitable as demand increases. HYPOTHESIS: Significant variation exists in contemporary patterns of care, wait times, and outcomes among patients undergoing heart transplantation across UNOS regions. METHODS: We identified adult patients undergoing first, single-organ heart transplantation between January 2006 and December 2014 in the UNOS dataset and compared sociodemographic and clinical profiles, wait times, use of mechanical circulatory support (MCS), status at time of transplantation, and 1-year survival across UNOS regions...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355987/staged-surgical-treatment-of-extremity-lymphedema-with-dual-gastroepiploic-vascularized-lymph-node-transfers-followed-by-suction-assisted-lipectomy-a-prospective-study
#10
Mouchammed Agko, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Both physiologic and excisional procedures have been described for the treatment of lymphedema. However, there exist few reports that combine these procedures. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of combining vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) with suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) in a staged manner for the treatment of extremity lymphedema. METHODS: Patients with unilateral late stage II lymphedema (International Society of Lymphology), who consented to staged surgical treatment, were evaluated prospectively...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355973/innervation-status-in-chronic-vocal-fold-paralysis-and-implications-for-laryngeal-reinnervation
#11
R Jun Lin, Libby J Smith, Michael C Munin, Shaum Sridharan, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Treatment options for symptomatic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) include vocal fold augmentation, laryngeal framework surgery, and laryngeal reinnervation. Laryngeal reinnervation (LR) has been suggested to provide "tone" to the paralyzed VF. This implies a loss of tone as a result of denervation without reinnervation. We performed laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) in patients with chronic VFP to understand the innervation status associated with a chronically paralyzed vocal fold...
January 22, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355969/primary-liver-sarcomas-in-the-modern-era-resection-or-transplantation
#12
Ioannis T Konstantinidis, Carolijn Nota, Zeljka Jutric, Philip Ituarte, Warren Chow, Peiguo Chu, Gagandeep Singh, Susanne G Warner, Laleh G Melstrom, Yuman Fong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary liver sarcomas (PLS) are rare. Published series are limited by small numbers of patients. METHODS: We reviewed the National Cancer Database (2004-2014) for patients who underwent surgical resection of PLS. RESULTS: Of 237 patients identified, the majority were female (60.8%), with median age of 52 years. Histologies were: epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (n = 67), angiosarcoma (n = 64), leiomyosarcoma (n = 33), embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (n = 31), carcinosarcoma (n = 16), giant cell sarcoma (n = 14), spindle cell sarcoma (n = 12)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355934/cross-sector-collaboration-in-the-high-poverty-setting-qualitative-results-from-a-community-based-diabetes-intervention
#13
Elizabeth L Tung, Kathryn E Gunter, Nyahne Q Bergeron, Stacy Tessler Lindau, Marshall H Chin, Monica E Peek
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the motivations of stakeholders from diverse sectors who engaged in cross-sector collaboration with an academic medical center. DATA SOURCE: Primary qualitative data (2014-2015) were collected from 22 organizations involved in a cross-sector diabetes intervention on the South Side of Chicago. STUDY DESIGN: In-depth, semistructured interviews; participants included leaders from all stakeholder organization types (e...
January 22, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355927/early-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-coverage-expansion-on-safety-net-hospital-inpatient-payer-mix-and-market-shares
#14
Vivian Y Wu, Kathryn R Fingar, H Joanna Jiang, Raynard Washington, Andrew W Mulcahy, Eli Cutler, Gary Pickens
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the Affordable Care Act's coverage expansion on safety-net hospitals (SNHs). STUDY SETTING: Nine Medicaid expansion states. STUDY DESIGN: Differences-in-differences (DID) models compare payer-specific pre-post changes in inpatient stays of adults aged 19-64 years at SNHs and non-SNHs. DATA COLLECTION METHODS: 2013-2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases...
January 21, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355891/where-are-antipsychotics-prescribed-in-nursing-homes-initiated
#15
Yan Zhang, Elena M Letuchy, Ryan M Carnahan
OBJECTIVES: To describe the settings of care in which antipsychotics that nursing home (NH) residents received were likely to have been initiated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Iowa NHs. PARTICIPANTS: Fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries who had NH stays between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014, and had new use of antipsychotics during their NH stays, defined as no antipsychotic use in NHs in the last 6 months...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355818/bidirectional-associations-of-e-cigarette-conventional-cigarette-and-waterpipe-experimentation-among-adolescents-a-cross-lagged-model
#16
Melinda Pénzes, Kristie L Foley, Valentin Nădășan, Edit Paulik, Zoltán Ábrám, Róbert Urbán
PURPOSE: With an increasingly diverse tobacco product market, it is imperative to understand the trajectories of product experimentation in order to design effective prevention programs. This study aims to explore the bidirectional associations of conventional cigarette, e-cigarette and waterpipe experimentation in a large adolescent sample. METHODS: Longitudinal assessment of conventional cigarette, e-cigarette and waterpipe use initiation was conducted in a school-based cohort of 1369 9th graders (mean age=14...
January 11, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355793/position-of-the-french-working-group-on-perioperative-haemostasis-gihp-on-viscoelastic-tests-what-role-for-which-indication-in-bleeding-situations
#17
Stéphanie Roullet, Emmanuel de Maistre, Brigitte Ickx, Normand Blais, Sophie Susen, David Faraoni, Delphine Garrigue, Fanny Bonhomme, Anne Godier, Dominique Lasne
PURPOSE: Viscoelastic tests (VETs), thromboelastography (TEG®) and thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) are global tests of coagulation performed on whole blood. They evaluate the mechanical strength of a clot as it builds and develops after coagulation itself. The time required to obtain haemostasis results remains a major problem for clinicians dealing with bleeding, although some teams have developed a rapid laboratory response strategy. Indeed, the value of rapid point-of-care diagnostic devices such as VETs has increased over the years...
January 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355791/relationships-between-vitamin-d-and-paraspinal-muscle-human-data-and-experimental-rat-model-analysis
#18
Woo-Seok Bang, Dong-Hyun Lee, Kyoung-Tae Kim, Dae-Chul Cho, Joo-Kyung Sung, In-Bo Han, Du-Hwan Kim, Brian K Kwon, Chi Heon Kim, Ki-Su Park, Man-Kyu Park, Sung-Young Seo, Ye-Jin Seo
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been closely linked with skeletal muscle atrophy in many studies, but to date no study has focused on paraspinal muscle. PURPOSE: To verify paraspinal muscle changes according to serum vitamin D level. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of patients who visited our hospital and an in vivo animal study METHODS: We measured serum vitamin D concentration in 91 elderly women and stratified them according to their vitamin D status in three groups: control, vitamin D insufficiency, and VDD, and obtained magnetic resonance imaging data of the lumbar spine and evaluated the quality and quantity of the paraspinal muscles...
January 16, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355778/qualitative-evaluation-of-individual-and-group-well-child-care
#19
Cynthia DeLago, Brittany Dickens, Etienne Phipps, Andrew Paoletti, Magdelena Kazmierczak, Matilde Irigoyen
OBJECTIVE: Individual primary care (IWC) is the standard delivery model for well-child care in the U.S. Alternative models, such as group care (GWC), may create opportunities to enhance care for babies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate parents' perceptions of social/wellness benefits and system challenges of IWC and GWC. METHODS: Since 2014, we have provided both IWC and GWC at an urban, academic practice serving a low-income, minority community. We conducted a mixed method study involving surveys and 18 focus groups (11 IWC groups, n=32 parents; 7 GWC groups, n=33 parents)...
January 18, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355645/errors-in-the-use-of-inhalers-by-healthcare-professionals-a-systematic-review
#20
Vicente Plaza, Jordi Giner, Gustavo J Rodrigo, Myrna B Dolovich, Joaquin Sanchis
BACKGROUND: Inefficient inhaler technique (IT) compromises the optimal delivery of medication. However, the IT knowledge of health care professionals (HCP) has received scant attention. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of published reports assessing the IT proficiency of HCPs in using pressurized metered dose (pMDI) and dry powder (DPI) inhalers. METHODS: Studies published between 1975 and 2014 that directly assessed the IT skills of HCPs were selected according to pre-defined selection criteria...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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