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2014

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#1
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550727/multiple-remote-sensing-data-sources-to-assess-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-fire-incidence-over-campos-amaz%C3%A3-nicos-savanna-vegetation-enclave-brazilian-amazon
#2
Daniel Borini Alves, Fernando Pérez-Cabello
Fire activity plays an important role in the past, present and future of Earth system behavior. Monitoring and assessing spatial and temporal fire dynamics have a fundamental relevance in the understanding of ecological processes and the human impacts on different landscapes and multiple spatial scales. This work analyzes the spatio-temporal distribution of burned areas in one of the biggest savanna vegetation enclaves in the southern Brazilian Amazon, from 2000 to 2016, deriving information from multiple remote sensing data sources (Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance, TRMM pluviometry and Vegetation Continuous Field tree cover layers)...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550701/patient-centred-care-in-canada-key-components-and-the-path-forward
#3
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, John Aylen, Lisa Ashley, Sara Ahmed, Lesli Martin, Bonnie Cochrane, Owen Adams, Joanna Nemis-White
Canadians' health and its care continue to evolve. Chronic diseases affect more than 50% of our aging population, but the majority of public and professional stakeholders retain a sense of care quality. An emergent issue, however, is generating an increasingly wide debate. It is the concept of patient-centred care, including its definition of key components, and efficacy. To advance the evidence base, the 2013-2014 and 2016 Health Care in Canada (HCIC) surveys measured pan-stakeholder levels of support and implementation priorities for frequently proposed components of patient centricity in healthcare...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550635/growth-corruption-health-triaca-and-environmental-degradation-empirical-evidence-from-indonesia-malaysia-and-thailand
#4
Muhammad Azam, Abdul Qayyum Khan
This study examines the impact of economic growth, corruption, health, and poverty on environmental degradation for three countries from ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand using annual data over the period of 1994-2014. The relationship between environmental degradation (pollution) by carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and economic growth is examined along with some other variables, namely health expenditure, poverty, agriculture value added growth, industrial value added growth, and corruption. The ordinary least squares (OLS) method is applied as an analytical technique for parameter estimation...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550629/retrospective-analysis-of-outcomes-following-inferior-vena-cava-ivc-filter-placement-in-a-managed-care-population
#5
Damian Everhart, Jamieson Vaccaro, Karen Worley, Teresa L Rogstad, Mitchel Seleznick
The role of inferior vena cava filter (IVC) filters for prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) is controversial. This study evaluated outcomes of IVC filter placement in a managed care population. This retrospective cohort study evaluated data for individuals with Humana healthcare coverage 2013-2014. The study population included 435 recipients of prophylactic IVC filters, 4376 recipients of therapeutic filters, and two control groups, each matched to filter recipients. Patients were followed for up to 2 years...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550490/the-use-of-temporary-fecal-diversion-in-colonic-and-perianal-crohn-s-disease-does-not-improve-outcomes
#6
Andrea C Bafford, Anastasiya Latushko, Natasha Hansraj, Guruprasad Jambaulikar, Leyla J Ghazi
AIMS: To determine whether temporary fecal diversion for refractory colonic and/or perianal Crohn's disease can lead to clinical remission and restoration of intestinal continuity after optimization of medical therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospectively maintained database of patients treated at the University of Maryland for Crohn's disease between May 2004 and July 2014. Patients with colonic, perianal, or colonic and perianal Crohn's disease, who had fecal diversion for control of medically refractory and/or severe disease, were included...
May 26, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550417/motivational-interviewing-for-workers-with-disabling-musculoskeletal-disorders-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#7
Joanne Park, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose Although functional restoration programs appear effective in assisting injured workers to return-to-work (RTW) after a work related musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder, the addition of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to these programs may result in higher RTW. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial with claimants attending an occupational rehabilitation facility from November 17, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Six clinicians provided MI in addition to the standard functional restoration program and formed an intervention group...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550415/high-expression-of-grp78-bip-as-a-novel-predictor-of-favorable-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-thymic-carcinoma
#8
Yosuke Miura, Kyoichi Kaira, Reiko Sakurai, Hisao Imai, Yoshio Tomizawa, Noriaki Sunaga, Koichi Minato, Takeshi Hisada, Tetsunari Oyama, Masanobu Yamada
BACKGROUND: Glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78/immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (BiP) is a member of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone family, and its role in various types of human malignancies has recently been investigated. However, the clinicopathological characteristics of GRP78/BiP in advanced thymic carcinoma (ATC) remain unknown. We aimed to examine the relationship between GRP78/BiP expression and the clinical outcomes of ATC patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with ATC receiving combination chemotherapy at three institutions between April 1998 and April 2014 were enrolled in this study...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550394/laparoscopic-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-utilization-rates-of-mesh-in-the-usa-and-short-term-outcome-analysis
#9
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that the utilization of mesh for paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR) does not prevent recurrence. The aims of this study were (a) to assess the utilization of mesh for PEHR in the USA and (b) to compare the perioperative outcomes between PEHR with and without mesh. METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550339/effect-of-fungal-endophytes-on-biomass-yield-nutritive-value-and-accumulation-of-minerals-in-ornithopus-compressus
#10
Oscar Santamaria, Santiago Lledó, Sara Rodrigo, Maria J Poblaciones
Yellow serradella (Ornithopus compressus), a valuable pasture species in Mediterranean areas, presents a high diversity of endophytic mycoflora. In the present work, the hypothesis of a significant effect of fungal endophytic species on the parameters of forage production, nutritive value and mineral status of herbage was tested. O. compressus plants were inoculated with each of seven endophytes (four in 2012/2013 and three in 2013/2014). After inoculation, two experiments (under greenhouse and field conditions) were established...
May 27, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550146/does-painless-rectal-bleeding-equate-to-a-colonic-polyp
#11
Alison Morag Campbell, Ian Sugarman
BACKGROUND: It is often stated that if a patient presents with 'painless rectal bleeding' then a rectal polyp is the probable diagnosis. The aim of this study is to review our experience of children undergoing endoscopy to assess if the above statement is correct. METHODS: The senior author keeps a prospective database of every child undergoing flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. As part of this database, the symptoms and signs that the patient presents with, specifically abdominal pain, diarrhoea, mucous per rectum and rectal bleeding, are recorded...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550145/paediatric-innovation-in-pakistan-our-experience-and-a-call-to-action
#12
Walid Farooqi, Faysal Subhani, Asad Mian
Standardisation in paediatric medicine may have the unintended effect of stifling innovation. Thinking outside the box becomes even more important in low-income to middle-income countries like Pakistan, where a large paediatric population requires healthcare. In addition, there is always a lack of funds, making an innovative, low-cost and high impact solution all the more necessary. While regulation and formal research is an integral part of the process, the local synthesis of a solution must start with a creative idea...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550102/girls-crash-too-trends-in-single-vehicle-crash-rates-in-young-and-adult-male-and-female-drivers
#13
Sarah J Jones
Young adult drivers (YADs) are over-represented in crashes mainly because of their age and inexperience. Studying single vehicle crashes by age and sex may identify new approaches to intervention. In 2014, male YAD (17-19 years) crash casualty rates were 11.4 times higher than older drivers (30-59 years), compared with 17.6 times higher in 2005, and 1.9 times female YAD, compared with 2.5 times higher in 2005. Crash casualty rates involving male and female YADs are declining. Action is needed to address YAD crash casualties involving both males and females...
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550094/safety-of-outpatient-initiation-of-disopyramide-for-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients
#14
Arnon Adler, Dana Fourey, Adaya Weissler-Snir, Waseem Hindieh, Raymond H Chan, Michael H Gollob, Harry Rakowski
BACKGROUND: Disopyramide is effective in ameliorating symptoms in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; however, its potential for proarrhythmic effect has raised concerns about its use in the ambulatory setting. The risk of initiating disopyramide in this manner has never been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: All charts of patients seen in the outpatient hypertrophic cardiomyopathy clinic between 2010 and 2014 were screened for initiation of disopyramide and data were extracted...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550081/randomized-controlled-trial-for-the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-vascular-stiffness-in-ckd
#15
Adeera Levin, Mila Tang, Taylor Perry, Nadia Zalunardo, Monica Beaulieu, Joshua A Dubland, Kelly Zerr, Ognjenka Djurdjev
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is implicated in vascular health in CKD. This study compared placebo, calcifediol, and calcitriol treatment with changes in vascular stiffness, BP, proteinuria, mineral metabolism parameters, C-reactive protein, and fibroblast growth factor 23 in patients with stable CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial in outpatient CKD clinics in Vancouver, Canada, from February of 2011 to August of 2014, enrolling 119 patients with an eGFR of 15-45 ml/min per 1...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550080/two-phosphate-targets-in-end-stage-renal-disease-trial-target-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ron Wald, Christian G Rabbat, Louis Girard, Amit X Garg, Karthik Tennankore, Jessica Tyrwhitt, Andrew Smyth, Andrea Rathe-Skafel, Peggy Gao, Andrea Mazzetti, Jackie Bosch, Andrew T Yan, Patrick Parfrey, Braden J Manns, Michael Walsh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hyperphosphatemia is common among recipients of maintenance dialysis and is associated with a higher risk of mortality and cardiovascular events. A large randomized trial is needed to determine whether lowering phosphate concentrations with binders improves patient-important outcomes. To inform such an effort we conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of prevalent hemodialysis recipients already receiving calcium carbonate as a phosphate binder at five Canadian centers between March 31, 2014 and October 2, 2014...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550068/age-specific-trends-of-atrial-fibrillation-related-ischaemic-stroke-and-transient-ischaemic-attack-anticoagulant-use-and-risk-factor-profile-in-chinese-population-a-15-year-study
#17
Yannie Soo, Nathan Chan, Kam Tat Leung, Xiang-Yan Chen, Vincent Mok, Lawrence Wong, Thomas Leung
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasing globally, and the fivefold increase in stroke risk constitutes significant healthcare burden. AIMS: We aim to evaluate the trends of AF-related stroke and transient ischaemic attack (AF-stroke/TIA), prior anticoagulant use and their risk factors in different age groups in Chinese population. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the stroke registry at Prince of Wales Hospital. We compared the data at 5-year intervals over a 15-year period (years 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550006/virtual-visits-and-patient-centered-care-results-of-a-patient-survey-and-observational-study
#18
Kimberlyn Marie McGrail, Megan Alyssa Ahuja, Chad Andrew Leaver
BACKGROUND: Virtual visits are clinical interactions in health care that do not involve the patient and provider being in the same room at the same time. The use of virtual visits is growing rapidly in health care. Some health systems are integrating virtual visits into primary care as a complement to existing modes of care, in part reflecting a growing focus on patient-centered care. There is, however, limited empirical evidence about how patients view this new form of care and how it affects overall health system use...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549980/trends-in-malpractice-claims-for-obstetric-and-gynecologic-procedures-2005-2014
#19
Laura M Glaser, Farah A Alvi, Magdy P Milad
BACKGROUND: Interest in medical malpractice and areas of medico-legal vulnerability for practicing obstetricians and gynecologists has grown substantially, and many providers report changing surgical practice out of fear of litigation. Furthermore, education on medical malpractice and risk management is lacking for obstetrics and gynecology trainees. Recent obstetric and gynecologic malpractice claims data is lacking. We report on recent trends in malpractice claims for obstetrics and gynecology procedures, and compare these trends to those of other medical specialties...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549961/preliminary-results-of-aorfix-tm-stent-graft-to-treat-infrarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-with-severe-proximal-aortic-neck-angulation
#20
Pietro Volpe, Mafalda Massara, Antonino Alberti, Santo Marino, Alberto Volpe, Daniela Mazzaccaro, Silvia Stegher, Giovanni Nano
BACKGROUND: We report a preliminary experience about endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of infrarenal abdominal aneurysm (iAAA) with severe proximal aortic neck angulation using the Aorfix(TM) stent graft. METHODS: Data of consecutive patients with iAAA with severe proximal neck angulation submitted to endovascular repair between September 2012 and December 2014 in two Italian centres of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery were retrospectively reviewed and outcomes analyzed using the software JMP 5...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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