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2014

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449574/the-clinical-utilization-of-radiation-therapy-in-korea-between-2011-and-2015
#1
Young-Seok Seo, Mi-Sook Kim, Jin-Kyu Kang, Won-Il Jang, Hee Jin Kim, Chul Koo Cho, Hyung Jun Yoo, Eun Kyung Paik, Yu Jin Cha, Jae Sun Yoon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the clinical utilization of radiation therapy (RT) in Korea between 2011 and 2015. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) to estimate the clinical utilization of RT. The source population consisted of all patients who had any of the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) cancer diagnoses (C00-C97) and those with diagnostic codes D00-D48, who were also associated with at least one of the procedure codes related to RT...
April 25, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449566/dose-trends-of-aripiprazole-from-2004-to-2014-in-psychiatric-inpatients-in-korea
#2
Young Sup Woo, In Hee Shim, Sang-Yeol Lee, Dae-Bo Lee, Moon-Doo Kim, Young-Eun Jung, Jonghun Lee, Seunghee Won, Duk-In Jon, Won-Myong Bahk
Objective: Although aripiprazole has been widely used to treat various psychiatric disorders, little is known about the adequate dosage for Asian patients in clinical practice. Hence, we evaluated the initial and maximum doses of aripiprazole from 2004 to 2014 to estimate the appropriate dosage for Korean psychiatric inpatients in clinical practice. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of patients who were hospitalized in five university hospitals in Korea from March 2004 to December 2014...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449553/changes-in-the-reflux-symptom-index-after-multilevel-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Su Jin Kim, Hyo Yeol Kim, Jong In Jeong, Sang Duk Hong, Seung-Kyu Chung, Hun-Jong Dhong
Objectives: This study evaluated whether the symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) change after multilevel surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Patients who underwent multilevel surgery for OSA between April 2009 and September 2014 were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent preoperative polysomnography prior to surgery and were asked to complete the reflux symptom index (RSI) questionnaire before and after surgery. Results: Of 73 enrolled patients, 24 (33%) reported an RSI score >13 and were thus classified as having reflux...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449491/characteristics-and-provision-of-care-of-patients-with-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-descriptive-findings-from-the-dacapo-cohort-baseline-and-comparison-with-international-findings
#4
Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Magdalena Brandl, Sebastian Blecha, Michael Quintel, Steffen Weber-Carstens, Stefan Kluge, Patrick Meybohm, Caroline Rolfes, Björn Ellger, Friedhelm Bach, Tobias Welte, Thomas Muders, Kathrin Thomann-Hackner, Thomas Bein, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics and real world life circumstances of ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) patient populations. This knowledge is essential for transferring evidence-based therapy into routine healthcare. The aim of this study was to report socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in an unselected population of ARDS patients and to compare these results to findings from other large ARDS cohorts. METHODS: A German based cross-sectional observational study was carried out...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449490/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-teas-ameliorates-chemotherapy-induced-bone-marrow-suppression-in-lung-cancer-patients
#5
Lili Hou, Fen Gu, Guanghui Gao, Caicun Zhou
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of percutaneous electrical stimulation on chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: From December 2014 to August 2015, one hundred ninety-one non-small cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy naive were randomly divided into control group, medication group, and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) group. Patients with the control group received routine nursing care, the medication group was treated by oral administration of prophylactic agents, and TEAS group received electrical stimulation of acupoints including Dazhui (DU14), Geshu (BL17), Zusanli (ST36), Sanyinjiao (SP6), and Hegu (LI4)...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449482/retrospective-analysis-of-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-sabr-for-metastatic-lung-lesions-mlls-in-comparison-with-a-contemporaneous-cohort-of-primary-lung-lesions-plls
#6
Feras Oskan, Yvonne Dzierma, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Christian Rübe, Jochen Fleckenstein
BACKGROUND: The net benefit from local ablative therapy for pulmonary oligometastases remains unknown. The outcomes of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for metastatic lung lesions (MLLs) were analyzed retrospectively and compared with those of SABR for primary lung lesions (PLLs). METHODS: Medical records of patients treated with lung SABR between 2011 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Basic patient, lesion and treatment characteristics were compared using the Pearson chi-square test for categorical and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449477/continuous-administration-of-recombinant-human-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-can-improve-heart-and-renal-function-in-patients-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-surgery
#7
Shiguan Le, Jian Xiao, Wei Li, Jing Wang, Qing Wang, Wang Xi, Jibin Xu, Zhinong Wang
BACKGROUND: Any cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) will induce ischemia-reperfusion injury and systematic inflammatory response, which may lead to exacerbation. Conventional therapy strategy is to use inotropes, diuretics and vasodilator drugs, yet, the therapeutic effects of which need to be improved. Recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) has been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure and acute myocardial infarction...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449472/definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-s-1-and-cisplatin-in-elderly-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#8
Hongqing Wang, Gang Li, Lifang Chen, Yuxia Duan, Chunpeng Zou, Chunhong Hu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility and efficiency of definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) with S-1 and cisplatin for elderly esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. METHODS: Fifty-six elderly patients were included from January 2012 to December 2014. Patients received S-1 (tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil) and cisplatin at doses of 70 mg/m(2)/day for two weeks and 75 mg/m(2) on day 1, respectively, every 3 weeks. Radiotherapy was delivered at a dose of 180-200 cGy per day to a total dose of 54 Gy...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449466/higher-coronary-artery-calcification-score-is-associated-with-adverse-prognosis-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#9
Renrong Wang, Xiaoxiao Liu, Chunxia Wang, Xinhe Ye, Xin Xu, Chengjian Yang
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) indicates the presence of atherosclerotic lesions and serves as a marker of prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study evaluated the value of the CAC score for determining the prognosis of patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP). METHODS: A total of 106 consecutive patients with SAP were enrolled in this study from January 2011 to June 2014; from these patients, 640 multi-slice computer tomography (MSCT) samples were used to obtain CAC scores...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449424/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-refractory-and-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-case-series-of-nine-patients
#10
Byoung Wook Bang, Jin Seok Park, Hyung Kil Kim, Yong Woon Shin, Kye Sook Kwon, Hea Yoon Kwon, Ji Hyeon Baek, Jin Soo Lee
Background/Aims: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a highly effective therapy for refractory and recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Despite its excellent efficacy and recent widespread use, FMT has not been widely used in South Korea thus far. We describe our experience with FMT to treat refractory/recurrent CDI. Methods: We conducted a chart review of patients who underwent FMT for refractory/recurrent CDI at Inha University Hospital, between March 2014 and June 2016...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449422/the-effect-of-anti-reflux-therapy-on-patients-diagnosed-with-minor-disorders-of-peristalsis-in-high-resolution-manometry
#11
Joonho Jeong, Sung Eun Kim, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park, Won Moon, Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoungwon Jung, Youn Jung Choi, Jun Yeob Lee, Young Dal Lee
Background/Aims: Minor disorders of peristalsis are esophageal motility disorders categorized by the Chicago Classification (CC), version 3.0, which was announced in 2014. This study evaluated the efficacy of anti-reflux therapy in patients with minor peristaltic disorders. Methods: Patients with minor peristaltic disorders in accordance with CC v3.0 were included. We reviewed the medical records of patients with esophageal high-resolution manometry findings, and investigated the demographic and clinical information as well as the medical therapy...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449410/the-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-self-employment
#12
Bradley T Heim, Lang Kate Yang
This paper estimates the impact of the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 on the decision to be self-employed. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we employ two identification strategies. Utilizing prereform variation in state nongroup health insurance market regulations, we find that the ACA did not increase self-employment overall in states that lacked similar provisions in their nongroup markets prior to 2014. In specifications that utilize variation across individuals in characteristics that could make it harder for them to purchase insurance if they left their current employer, we also do not find that the ACA differentially increased self-employment...
April 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449390/partial-tibial-nerve-transfer-to-tibialis-anterior-for-traumatic-peroneal-nerve-palsy
#13
Scott Ferris, Simon J Maciburko
BACKGROUND: Partial tibial nerve transfer to the motor branches of tibialis anterior is an emerging reconstructive technique for the treatment of traumatic common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury; however, few papers in the literature describe clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective single-surgeon series of nine consecutive patients who underwent partial tibial nerve transfers to the motor branches of tibialis anterior for traumatic CPN injuries between 2008 and 2014...
April 27, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449386/influence-of-a-two-to-six-year-physical-education-intervention-on-scholastic-performance-the-champs-study-dk
#14
Anna Bugge, Sören Möller, Jakob Tarp, Charles H Hillman, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Anne Kaer Gejl, Heidi Klakk, Niels Wedderkopp
AIM: To investigate the influence of a school-based intervention with a tripling of physical education (PE) lessons from two (90 min) to six lessons per week (270 min) on scholastic performance. METHODS: This study is part of the CHAMPS study-DK, a quasi-experimental study that began in 2008. The intervention group consisted of six schools and the control group consisted of four matched schools (mean age at baseline = 8.4 years, kindergarten class-4(th) grade). Academic performance was extracted from the national test system from 2010- 2014 (Math and Danish were measured at 3(rd) and 6(th) , and 2(nd) , 4(th) and 6(th) grades, respectively)...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449358/incident-rate-and-risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai-china
#15
Hanbi Qiu, Yan Shi, Yanyun Li, Xin Shen, Rui Li, Qundi Yang, Qichao Pan, Fei Yan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incident rate of tuberculosis (TB) and its associates among adults with type 2 diabetes in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among 170,399 type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥18 years who were registered in Shanghai Community-Based Diabetes Management System between 2004 and 2009. Their TB status was tracked until December 31, 2014. Cox regression was performed to identify the risk factors for TB RESULTS: We documented 785 new TBcases during 654,977 person-years of follow-up...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449300/the-effect-of-canaloplasty-with-suprachoroidal-drainage-combined-with-cataract-surgery-1-year-results
#16
Anna-Maria Seuthe, Kai Januschowski, Siegfried Mariacher, Martina Ebner, Natalia Opitz, Peter Szurman, Karl Boden
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of phacocanaloplasty with suprachoroidal drainage (PCscD) and to compare its intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering and drug-sparing effect to canaloplasty with suprachoroidal drainage (CscD). METHODS: The study retrospective interventional study included patients with open-angle glaucoma or secondary forms of glaucoma who underwent either CscD or PCscD between the year 2011 and 2014 in Knappschaft Eye Clinic Sulzbach...
April 27, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449238/exposure-response-relationship-of-neighbourhood-sanitation-and-children-s-diarrhea
#17
Youngmee Tiffany Jung, Wendy Lou, Yu-Ling Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of neighbourhood sanitation coverage with under-five children's diarrheal morbidity, and to evaluate its exposure-response relationship. METHODS: We used the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of 29 developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, conducted between 2010 and 2014. The primary outcome was 2-week incidence of diarrhea in children under 5 years of age (N=300426). We conducted three-level logistic regression analyses and applied cubic splines to assess the trend between neighbourhood-level coverage of improved household sanitation and diarrheal morbidity...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449219/the-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-patients-with-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-in-5-year-follow-up
#18
R Pittayanon, R Rerknimitr, N Klaikaew, A Sanpavat, S Chaithongrat, V Mahachai, P Kullavanijaya, A Barkun
BACKGROUND: Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is the premalignant stage of gastric cancer; however, consensus on its management has not been established. AIM: To determine the risk factors for gastric cancer in a population of patients with GIM to guide the appropriate clinical recommendations in a low prevalence area for gastric cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Ninety-one patients with GIM diagnosed between 2004 and 2014 were recruited for surveillance EGD every 6-12 months until a diagnosis of gastric cancer or completion of the planned 5-year follow-up duration...
April 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449214/a-rising-incidence-and-poorer-male-outcomes-characterise-early-onset-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
A Coughlan, R Wylde, L Lafferty, S Quinn, A Broderick, B Bourke, S Hussey
BACKGROUND: The incidence of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease diagnosed before age 10 years is reportedly increasing, but national data are limited. AIM: To characterise the epidemiology, phenotype and clinical outcomes of children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease before age 10 years, and compare with data from children diagnosed aged 10-16 years. METHODS: A review of all Irish cases of early onset inflammatory bowel disease (diagnosis <10 years, EO-IBD) presenting between January 2000 and December 2014 was undertaken and compared to a cohort of later onset paediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients (diagnosis between 10 and 16 years, LO-IBD)...
April 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449128/comprehensive-ryan-white-assistance-and-hiv-clinical-outcomes-retention-in-care-and-viral-suppression-in-a-medicaid-non-expansion-state
#20
Karen L Diepstra, Anne G Rhodes, Rose S Bono, Sonam Patel, Lauren E Yerkes, April D Kimmel
Background: Knowledge gaps remain about how the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RW) contributes to health outcomes. We examined the association between different RW service classes and retention in care (RiC) or viral suppression (VS). Methods: We identified Virginians engaged in any HIV care, January 1-December 31, 2014. RW beneficiaries were classified by receipt of ≥1 service from three classes: Core medical, Support and insurance and/or direct medication assistance through the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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