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“Open dialogue”

Abigail M Freeman, Rachel H Tribe, Joshua C H Stott, Stephen Pilling
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence for Open Dialogue (OD) has generated considerable interest. Evidence comes from a range of methodologies (case study, qualitative, and naturalistic designs), which have not been synthesized as a whole. The objective of this review was to synthesize this literature. METHODS: A systematic search of the databases PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and PsycINFO included studies published until January 2018. A total of 1,777 articles were screened...
October 18, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
L A Robinson, H L Blincow, F E Culhane, T O'Higgins
Inland aquatic ecosystems play an important part in the delivery and support of ecosystem services. However, these ecosystems are subject to stressors associated with human activities such as invasive species introduction and landscape alteration. There is a delicate balance between maintaining good status of the ecosystem whilst meeting the needs of those stakeholders dependent on the ecosystem services it supplies, and where there are many different stakeholders, each with different aspirations and dependencies on the ecosystem, it can be difficult to strike a balance on suitable management measures to put in place...
October 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Diogo Rijo
Euthanasia has been discussed since Antiquity. Euthanasia and assisted suicide should be considered under the term "euthanasia" and under the same definition of "active and intentional death on demand of the patient, due to administration of medication, resulting from the decision of the physician, being independent of the executor", before being suithanasia, where the administration of medication was performed by the patient, or homothanasia, in the case of the doctor. The designations direct, active and voluntary, currently related to euthanasia should fall into disuse, because it assumes various kinds, of what is false...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Eric Simon, Neda Motchurova-Dekova, Bernard Mottequin
The genus Tethyrhynchia Logan in Logan Zibrowius, 1994 is revised on the basis of different methods of analysis including SEM observations, detailed ontogenetic study of the crural development, transverse serial sections, and shell microstructure. Some morphological characters cited in the original diagnosis are analysed and contested by the ontogenetic results. The type of crura of Tethyrhynchia, often placed in the arcual group, appears to be of the raducal group, instead. Paedomorphosis and heterochronic development offer the possibility of opening a dialogue between morphological and phylogenetic approaches to classification of rhynchonellide brachiopods...
September 6, 2018: Zootaxa
Vlad Petre Glăveanu
In this editorial I introduce the possible as an emerging field of inquiry in psychology and related disciplines. Over the past decades, significant advances have been made in connected areas - counterfactual thinking, anticipation, prospection, imagination and creativity, etc. - and several calls have been formulated in the social sciences to study human beings and societies as systems that are open to possibility and to the future. However, engaging with the possible, in the sense of both becoming aware of it and actively exploring it, represents a subject in need of further theoretical elaboration...
August 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Tomi Bergström, Jaakko Seikkula, Birgitta Alakare, Pirjo Mäki, Päivi Köngäs-Saviaro, Jyri J Taskila, Asko Tolvanen, Jukka Aaltonen
Open Dialogue (OD) is a family-oriented early intervention approach which has demonstrated good outcomes in the treatment of first-episode psychosis (FEP). Nevertheless, more evidence is needed. In this register-based cohort study the long-term outcomes of OD were evaluated through a comparison with a control group over a period of approximately 19 years. We examined the mortality, the need for psychiatric treatment, and the granting of disability allowances. Data were obtained from Finnish national registers regarding all OD patients whose treatment for FEP commenced within the time of the original interventions (total N = 108)...
September 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Lina Balaisyte, Angelika Joos, Mickaël Hiligsmann
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess participants' views on previous experiences, the current situation and future perspectives for early dialogue between the pharmaceutical industry, a regulatory agency and health technology assessment bodies (HTABs) in Europe. METHODS: Eleven semi-structured interviews were arranged purposively with experienced people from the pharmaceutical industry, the European Medicines Agency, and an expert in Health Economics. The interview questions focused on the value of early dialogue, the challenges faced during the process of early dialogue, the best time to start an early dialogue, the kind of products most suitable for early dialogue, the current situation, and future perspectives for the early dialogue process...
September 24, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Jeffrey D White, Barry R O'Keefe, Jitendra Sharma, Ghazala Javed, Vid Nukala, Aniruddha Ganguly, Ikhlas A Khan, Nagi B Kumar, Hasan Mukhtar, Guido F Pauli, Larry Walker, Sudha Sivaram, Preetha Rajaraman, Edward L Trimble
Therapies originating from traditional medical systems are widely used by patients in both India and the United States. The first India-US Workshop on Traditional Medicine was held in New Delhi, India, on March 3 and 4, 2016, as a collaboration between the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) of the Government of India, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health, and the Office of Global Affairs, US Department of Health and Human Services...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Joseph Ingram, Benjamin M Mauck, Norfleet B Thompson, James H Calandruccio
The cost of carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery can be decreased and patient satisfaction increased by a few relatively simple changes. Although cost estimates vary in the literature, most investigators agree that open CTR costs less than endoscopic CTR, and the clinic procedure room or ambulatory surgery center is cheaper than the ambulatory surgery center, which is less than the hospital. Patient satisfaction can be increased by making office visits more patient-centered and improving the quality of dialogue between the surgeon and patient...
October 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
A de Vries, W G Brands, H S Brand
The image of the professions of family doctor and dentist in the Netherlands was investigated by means of a questionnaire distributed online and in four cities. In total, 270 questionnaires were analysed. The dentist was seen more as a businessman, a solo performer for whom the interests of the patient were less highly prioritised, who,was less communicative, more associated with pain, more distant, less open to dialogue and could be trusted less than the general practitioner. Respondents also felt less safe at the dentist's office than at the general practitioner's...
September 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Jonathan Potter
Batel and Castro propose a reconciliation of social representation theory and discursive psychology. This comment highlights the continuing relevance of long-standing critiques of social representation theory from discursive psychologists as well as their central focus on both how representations are built to appear factual and the role of representations in practices. It suggests that the analytic approaches proposed by Batel and Castro (e.g., focus groups and thematic analysis) are not sufficient to the analytic task...
August 22, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Simon Dunne, Liam MacGabhann, Paddy McGowan, Michaela Amering
Introduction: Community-based participatory approaches are valuable methods for improving outcomes and effectively integrating care among mental health communities. Trialogue is one such approach which uses Open Dialogue methods with groups of three or more people from different backgrounds who deal with mental health systems. Theory and Method: The current study employed a participatory action research design, which prospectively documented the processes and challenges of participating in Trialogue Meetings...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Integrated Care
Volkmar Aderhold
The concerns and recommendations of the UN "Final Remarks" on the first German State Report are substantiated by up-to-date health reporting data. Their "recommendations" are substantiated by evidence-based care models and supplemented by additional content from the Special Rapporteur's report of 2017 as visions for German psychiatric care, thus demonstrating the path of psychiatry determined by respect for human rights and social inclusion. The avoidance of coercion through traumainformed treatment and the development of complex outpatient treatment structures through the models of open dialogue and the recovery approach are seen as the focus of a paradigm shift...
August 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Greg Priest
From his earliest student days through the writing of his last book, Charles Darwin drew diagrams. In developing his evolutionary ideas, his preferred form of diagram was the tree. An examination of several of Darwin's trees-from sketches in a private notebook from the late 1830s through the diagram published in the Origin-opens a window onto the role of diagramming in Darwin's scientific practice. In his diagrams, Darwin simultaneously represented both observable patterns in nature and conjectural narratives of evolutionary history...
August 10, 2018: Endeavour
Jiasheng D Guo, William F Vann, Jessica Y Lee, Michael W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: There is a gap in the literature regarding optimal methods for the dental team to help address the childhood obesity epidemic; accordingly, this investigation sought to identify preferred communication approaches the dental team can rely upon to initiate dialogue with caregivers regarding the weight of their children. STUDY DESIGN: A structured interview guide containing seven potential Healthy Weight Counseling (HWC) approaches and eight follow up questions was developed, pilot-tested, revised and utilized as a structured interview guide...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Clea Bárcena, Pablo Mayoral, Pedro M Quirós
Mitohormesis is a term used to define a biological response where the induction of a reduced amount of mitochondrial stress leads to an increment in health and viability within a cell, tissue, or organism. The mitochondrial stress response activated by a potentially damaging stimulus requires a coordinated dialogue with the cellular nucleus, known as mitonuclear communication. This interplay induced by the hormetic response in mitochondria relies in a variety of signals among which the most relevant ones are reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial metabolites, proteotoxic signals, the mitochondria-cytosol stress response, and the release of mitokines...
2018: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
Elly M F Waals, Marcel W M Post, Koenraad Peers, Carlotte Kiekens
Introduction: Living with SCI remains a challenge and some patients fear or are faced with an inability to master this challenge sufficiently to regain a satisfactory quality of life. The suicide rate within the population with SCI is elevated compared with the general population. Especially now that life expectancy of persons with SCI and age at onset of SCI are increasing, caregivers of persons with SCI can be confronted with requests for end-of-life care or even assistance in dying...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
M Barton Laws, Molly Magill, Nadine R Mastroleo, Kristi E Gamarel, Chanelle J Howe, Justin Walthers, Peter M Monti, Timothy Souza, Ira B Wilson, Gary S Rose, Christopher W Kahler
BACKGROUND: The technical hypothesis of Motivational Interviewing (MI) proposes that: (a) client talk favoring behavior change, or Change Talk (CT) is associated with better behavior change outcomes, whereas client talk against change, or Sustain Talk (ST) is associated with less favorable outcomes, and (b) specific therapist verbal behaviors influence whether client CT or ST occurs. MI consistent (MICO) therapist behaviors are hypothesized to be positively associated with more client CT and MI inconsistent (MIIN) behaviors with more ST...
September 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Djamel Gully, Pierre Czernic, Stéphane Cruveiller, Frédéric Mahé, Cyrille Longin, David Vallenet, Philippe François, Sabine Nidelet, Stéphanie Rialle, Eric Giraud, Jean-François Arrighi, Maitrayee DasGupta, Fabienne Cartieaux
Nod factors (NF) were assumed to be indispensable for the establishment of a rhizobium-legume symbiosis until the discovery that certain Bradyrhizobium strains interacting with certain Aeschynomene species lack the canonical nodABC genes required for their synthesis. So far, the molecular dialogue between Aeschynomene and its symbionts remains an open question. Here we report a time course transcriptional analysis of Aeschynomene evenia in response to inoculation with Bradyrhizobium ORS278. The NF-independent symbiotic process was monitored at five time points between bacterial infection and nodule maturity...
July 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Sarah Mitchell, Allie Slemon, Emily K Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Canada has announced that it will legalize cannabis on October 17, 2018, and as a result of this impending drug law reform the need to develop prevention resources and drug education - in schools, in public health, and for parents - has emerged as a public concern and a policy priority. Set against this context, the aim of our paper is to amplify the parent perspective on preventing problematic adolescent cannabis use, but also to interrogate the idea of 'parents as the best prevention' that has taken hold in discussions about the potential consequences of legalization for youth...
July 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
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