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Nicole VanHeerwaarden, Genevieve Ferguson, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Elisa Hollenberg, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Gunther Eysenbach, Joanna Henderson, Andrea Levinson, Janine Robb, Sarah Sharpe, Aristotle Voineskos, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Seventy percent of lifetime cases of mental illness emerge before the age of 24 years, but many youth are unable to access the support and services they require in a timely and appropriate way. With most youth using the internet, electronic health (eHealth) interventions are promising tools for reaching this population. Through participatory design research (PDR) engagement methods, Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based platform, was redeveloped to facilitate access to mental health services by transition-aged youth (aged 16-29 years) in postsecondary settings...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Brita Sedlmayr, Jennifer Schöffler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: The use of a nationwide medication plan has been promoted as an effective strategy to improve patient safety in Germany. However, the medication plan only exists as a paper-based version, which is related to several problems, that could be circumvented by an electronic alternative. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to report on the development of a mobile interface concept to support the management of medication information. METHODS: The human-centered design (UCD) process was chosen...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Anna N Ren, Robert E Neher, Tyler Bell, James Grimm
BACKGROUND: Preoperative planning is important to achieve successful implantation in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, traditional TKA templating techniques are not accurate enough to predict the component size to a very close range. METHODS: With the goal of developing a general predictive statistical model using patient demographic information, ordinal logistic regression was applied to build a proportional odds model to predict the tibia component size...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Margaret Fisher, Rachel Stanyer
OBJECTIVE: to share the experience of a model of peer mentoring in a pre-qualification midwifery programme DESIGN: description of the framework and benefits of the model SETTING: University and practice PARTICIPANTS: third year midwifery students INTERVENTIONS: practical activities meeting regulatory body requirements in a pre-qualification mentorship module MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: informal evaluations by students of key activities undertaken during peer mentoring demonstrated a range of positive outcomes...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Ao Guo, Jianhua Ma
A model describing the wide variety of human behaviours called personality, is becoming increasingly popular among researchers due to the widespread availability of personal big data generated from the use of prevalent digital devices, e.g., smartphones and wearables. Such an approach can be used to model an individual and even digitally clone a person, e.g., a Cyber-I (cyber individual). This work is aimed at establishing a unique and comprehensive description for an individual to mesh with various personalized services and applications...
February 25, 2018: Sensors
Guido Giunti, Jan Kool, Octavio Rivera Romero, Enrique Dorronzoro Zubiete
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the world's most common neurologic disorders, with symptoms such as fatigue, cognitive problems, and issues with mobility. Evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) helps people with MS reduce fatigue and improve quality of life. The use of mobile technologies for health has grown in recent years with little involvement from relevant stakeholders. User-centered design (UCD) is a design philosophy with the goal of creating solutions specific to the needs and tasks of the intended users...
February 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Juan Pablo Castanedo-Cazares, Diana Hernández-Blanco, Juan Diego García-Cortés, Liliana Medina-Aguilar, Bertha Torres-Álvarez
Antecedentes: La mezcla de melanina, hemoglobina y carotenos definen el color cutáneo. La pigmentación constitutiva está determinada genéticamente, la facultativa se induce cuando la piel se expone al ambiente. El objetivo fue cuantificar ambas pigmentaciones en una muestra de población mexicana, y analizar su relación con el género, edad y fototipo. Métodos: Se evaluaron 259 personas durante un periodo invernal. La colorimetría cutánea se obtuvo mediante espectrometría de reflectancia difusa utilizando las coordenadas de la Comisión Internacional de Iluminación...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Katherine Parra-Jaramillo, Rosa F Chiriboga-Ponce
Introducción: La presencia de variantes débiles del grupo sanguíneo A representa un desafío en la práctica de la inmunohematología por las discrepancias en el momento de la tipificación. Es común en bancos de sangre realizar una tipificación directa e inversa con el objetivo de confirmar el grupo sanguíneo; sin embargo, no todas las personas que presentan un subgrupo sanguíneo A2 han desarrollado anticuerpos anti-A1, lo que dificulta la identificación de subgrupos de A. Objetivo: El presente estudio es descriptivo, observacional y transversal, y tiene el objetivo de establecer la proporción de los subgrupos del antígeno A en donantes de sangre mediante la técnica manual en tubo con reactivos hemoclasificadores monoclonales: anti A, anti-A1 (extracto de las lectinas Dolichus biflorus) y anti-H...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Nicola Mulder, Russell Schwartz, Michelle D Brazas, Cath Brooksbank, Bruno Gaeta, Sarah L Morgan, Mark A Pauley, Anne Rosenwald, Gabriella Rustici, Michael Sierk, Tandy Warnow, Lonnie Welch
Bioinformatics is recognized as part of the essential knowledge base of numerous career paths in biomedical research and healthcare. However, there is little agreement in the field over what that knowledge entails or how best to provide it. These disagreements are compounded by the wide range of populations in need of bioinformatics training, with divergent prior backgrounds and intended application areas. The Curriculum Task Force of the International Society of Computational Biology (ISCB) Education Committee has sought to provide a framework for training needs and curricula in terms of a set of bioinformatics core competencies that cut across many user personas and training programs...
February 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Toshiko Sawaguchi
OBJECTIVES: To access medical specialists by health specialists working in the regional health field, the possibility of utilizing the voice approach for dissociative identity disorder (DID) patients as a health assessment for medical access (HAMA) was investigated. The first step is to investigate whether the plural personae in a single DID patient can be discriminated by voice analysis. METHODS: Voices of DID patients including these with different personae were extracted from YouTube and were analysed using the software PRAAT with basic frequency, oral factors, chin factors and tongue factors...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
William C McGaghie
Historically, clinical medical education has relied on subjective evaluations of students and residents to judge their clinical competence. The uncertainty associated with these subjective clinical evaluations has produced evaluation apprehension among learners and attempts to manage one's professional persona (impression management) among peers and supervisors. Such behavior has been documented from antiquity through the Middle Ages to the present, including in two new qualitative studies in this issue of Academic Medicine on the social psychology of clinical medical education...
January 23, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Roger Vilardaga, Javier Rizo, Emily Zeng, Julie A Kientz, Richard Ries, Chad Otis, Kayla Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in the United States have been reduced in the past decades to 15% of the general population. However, up to 88% of people with psychiatric symptoms still smoke, leading to high rates of disease and mortality. Therefore, there is a great need to develop smoking cessation interventions that have adequate levels of usability and can reach this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the rationale, ideation, design, user research, and final specifications of a novel smoking cessation app for people with serious mental illness (SMI) that will be tested in a feasibility trial...
January 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
Tim Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Adebimpe A Olalere, Ronald Luwangula, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how a human-centered service design approach can generate practical tools for good-quality childbirth care in low-resource settings. METHODS: As part of the WHO "Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty" (BOLD) project, a service design approach was used in eight Ugandan and Nigerian health facilities and communities to develop the "Passport to Safer Birth." There are three phases: Research for Design, Concept Design, and Detail Design...
December 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Mariana Sanmartino, Carolina Amieva, Y Paula Medone
Hablar de Chagas es hablar de una problemática compleja, definida por elementos de carácter biomédico, epidemiológico, sociocultural y político, que se conjugan dinámicamente. En este trabajo buscamos identificar y analizar las representaciones sobre Chagas de los integrantes del equipo de salud de un centro de atención periurbano de la ciudad de La Plata, Argentina. Mediante un abordaje cualitativo, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas y se analizaron las respuestas con la técnica del análisis de contenido...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Dafna Tener
This article analyzes how women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive the family members who took part in keeping it secret and their tactics for doing so. Analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with Jewish Israeli women revealed unique ways of guarding the secret. These were attributed to the perpetrator, the mother and the family. Secret-keeping tactics included presenting a normative public identity or an unstable psychological identity, presenting multiple personas, reframing the abuse, concealing any trace of the secret after it was disclosed, as if the abuse had never happened, and making a monument of the abuser...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Jake Creviston, Michael Polacek
Psychiatric-mental health nurses (PMHNs) have a strong leadership history, but challenges (e.g., subordinate roles to physicians) to presenting a professional persona have made it difficult to actualize nursing leadership and realize full partnership in health care reform. Physicians outnumber nurses approximately four to one on hospital and other boards, and data suggest this gap is widening. Time, preparation, desire to serve, lack of a unified voice, and being viewed as employees versus professionals are barriers to optimal nursing leadership...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Simon Carlile, Gregory Ciccarelli, Jane Cockburn, Anna C Diedesch, Megan K Finnegan, Ervin Hafter, Simon Henin, Sridhar Kalluri, Alexander J E Kell, Erol J Ozmeral, Casey L Roark, Jessica E Sagers
Here we report the methods and output of a workshop examining possible futures of speech and hearing science out to 2030. Using a design thinking approach, a range of human-centered problems in communication were identified that could provide the motivation for a wide range of research. Nine main research programs were distilled and are summarized: (a) measuring brain and other physiological parameters, (b) auditory and multimodal displays of information, (c) auditory scene analysis, (d) enabling and understanding shared auditory virtual spaces, (e) holistic approaches to health management and hearing impairment, (f) universal access to evolving and individualized technologies, (g) biological intervention for hearing dysfunction, (h) understanding the psychosocial interactions with technology and other humans as mediated by technology, and (i) the impact of changing models of security and privacy...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
Jisan Lee, Jeongeun Kim
Mobile device applications can be used to manage health. However, healthcare providers hesitate to use them because selection methods that consider the needs of health consumers and identify the most appropriate application are rare. This study aimed to create an effective method of identifying applications that address user needs. Women experiencing dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome were the targeted users. First, we searched for related applications from two major sources of mobile applications. Brainstorming, mind mapping, and persona and scenario techniques were used to create a checklist of relevant criteria, which was used to rate the applications...
October 28, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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