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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#1
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513769/the-situation-of-nursing-education-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-towards-universal-health
#2
Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Lynda Law Wilson, Sabrina de Souza Elias Mikael, Laura Morán Peña, Rosa Amarilis Zarate Grajales, Linda L McCreary, Lisa Theus, Maria Del Carmen Gutierrez Agudelo, Adriana da Silva Felix, Jacqueline Molina de Uriza, Nathaly Rozo Gutierrez
Objective: to assess the situation of nursing education and to analyze the extent to which baccalaureate level nursing education programs in Latin America and the Caribbean are preparing graduates to contribute to the achievement of Universal Health. Method: quantitative, descriptive/exploratory, cross-sectional study carried out in 25 countries. Results: a total of 246 nursing schools participated in the study. Faculty with doctoral level degrees totaled 31...
May 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508722/a-natural-history-of-the-drag-queen-phenomenon
#3
Michael Moncrieff, Pierre Lienard
The drag queen cultural phenomenon has been described at length. However, the depiction of outlandish and hyperbolic womanhood and taunting and formidable behavior at the core of drag queens' public persona has still to be fully accounted for. We argue that these aspects of the drag queen's public appearance could best be understood in a signaling framework. Publicly donning extravagant woman's costumes attracts harassment and brings financial, mating, and opportunity costs, generating the conditions for the transmission of honest signals...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492953/muscle-dysmorphia-detection-of-the-use-abuse-of-anabolic-adrogenic-steroids-in-a-spanish-sample
#4
Irene González-Martí, Juan Gregorio Fernández-Bustos, Onofre Ricardo Contreras Jordán, Marina Sokolova
Debido a una distorsión en la imagen corporal, las personas que padecen Dismorfia Muscular se perciben menos musculosas de lo que son en realidad. Con el fin de aumentar su musculatura, algunas de estas personas hacen uso de hormonas cuya función principal es la del aumento del tamaño muscular. Por lo que el objetivo de este estudio es conocer la prevalencia del uso de hormonas en personas afectadas por Dismorfia Muscular. 562 hombres y 172 mujeres fisicoculturistas y levantadores de pesas, a los que se le administraron diferentes cuestionarios para conocer, primero si padecían el trastorno, y después en qué porcentaje usaban hormonas la muestra afectada...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467560/harlequin-inspired-story-based-learning-an-educational-innovation-for-pediatric-nursing-communication
#5
Alison Shaw, Candace Lind, Carol Ewashen
BACKGROUND: Effective communication with patients and families is essential for quality care in the pediatric environment. Despite this, the current structure and content of undergraduate nursing education often contributes to novice RNs feeling unprepared to manage complex pediatric communication situations. METHOD: By merging the characteristics of the Harlequin persona with the structure of story-based learning, undergraduate students can be introduced to increasingly advanced pediatric communication scenarios in the classroom...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423817/persona-development-and-educational-needs-to-support-informal-caregivers
#6
Zeina Al Awar, Craig Kuziemsky
Informal caregivers are playing an increasing role in community based care delivery. Research is needed that looks at the educational needs of informal caregivers as a precursor to HIT design to support community care delivery. A challenge is informal caregivers have very diverse educational needs. Personas are an approach to describe user characteristics as part of systems design and this approach could be used to understand and categorize the various educational needs of informal caregivers. This paper addresses this research need and provides a method for persona development and the identification of educational needs for informal caregivers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335630/the-design-prototyping-and-formative-evaluation-of-an-assistive-robotic-table-art-for-stroke-patients
#7
Anthony L Threatt, Jessica Merino, Johnell O Brooks, Stan Healy, Constance Truesdail, Joseph Manganelli, Ian Walker, Keith Evan Green
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the results of an exploratory study in which 14 healthcare subject matter experts (H-SMEs) in addition to four research and design subject matter experts (RD-SMEs) at a regional rehabilitation hospital engaged in a series of complementary, participatory activities in order to design an assistive robotic table (ART). BACKGROUND: As designers, human factor experts, and healthcare professionals continue to work to integrate assistive human-robot technologies in healthcare, it is imperative to understand how the technology affects patient care from clinicians' perspectives...
April 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316585/is-elite-sport-really-bad-for-you-can-we-answer-the-question
#8
Florence Lebrun, Dave Collins
Elite athletes are not immune to mental health issues. Yet, quality research on mental health in elites has so far been limited. Thus, while research on mental health emphasises the prevalence and nature of disorders in the general population, its extent in elite performers remains unclear. Indeed, the prevalence of mental conditions cannot be accurately calculated in elite athletes due to a lack of diagnostic criteria and screening tools specifically adapted to this unique population. Researchers and practitioners are, therefore, confronted with biases reflecting the use of clinical norms and instruments initially developed for the general population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#9
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#10
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#11
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244778/las-medidas-antropom%C3%A3-tricas-como-indicadores-predictivos-de-riesgo-metab%C3%A3-lico-en-una-poblaci%C3%A3-n-mexicana
#12
Teresa Domínguez-Reyes, Irma Quiroz-Vargas, Aralia Berenice Salgado-Bernabé, Lorenzo Salgado-Goytia, José Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Isela Parra-Rojas
Introducción: actualmente se considera que la acumulación de grasa corporal a nivel central se asocia con la presencia de hipertrigliceridemia, hipertensión arterial y diabetes. El índice de masa corporal (IMC) se ha utilizado para identificar la obesidad en la población general, pero no permite determinar la distribución de la grasa corporal, por lo que se pueden utilizar otras medidas antropométricas para evaluar la adiposidad y determinar su relación con la presencia de alteraciones metabólicas que presentan las personas con exceso de peso...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202298/blind-intubation-through-supraglottic-devices-a-word-of-caution
#13
Emanuela Parotto, Paolo Persona, Carlo Ori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#14
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146178/universal-health-coverage-through-community-nursing-services-china-vs-hong-kong
#15
Wai Yee Chan, Ita M Fung, Eric Chan
Objective: this article looks at how the development of community nursing services in China and Hong Kong can enhance universal health coverage. Methods: literature and data review have been utilized in this study. Results: nursing services have evolved much since the beginning of the nursing profession. The development of community nursing services has expanded the scope of nursing services to those in need of, not just hospital-level nursing care, but more holistic care to improve health and quality of life...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109759/how-much-does-the-anatomical-tibial-component-improve-the-bony-coverage-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Cheng Jin, Eun-Kyoo Song, Jatin Prakash, Sung-Kyu Kim, Chee Ken Chan, Jong-Keun Seon
BACKGROUND: Recently, anatomical designs in total knee arthroplasty are introduced to address asymmetry of the resected tibia cutting surface. It is still not well known how much improvement would be achieved in total knee arthroplasty, especially in Asian knees. METHODS: We evaluated the bony coverage of 4 commercially available posterior-stabilized tibial designs (3 symmetrical: NexGen, Attune, and Vega; 1 anatomical: Persona) by measuring uncovered areas over 3 different regions: lateroposterior (LP), medioposterior (MP), and mediolateral (ML) areas...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109304/traditional-use-and-perception-of-snakes-by-the-nahuas-from-cuetzalan-del-progreso-puebla-mexico
#17
Romina García-López, Alejandro Villegas, Noé Pacheco-Coronel, Graciela Gómez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Indigenous cultures are the result of their adaptation to the natural surroundings, in such a way that, amongst their main features is a set of knowledge, technologies and strategies for the appropriation of nature. In Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla, Mexico snakes represent 71.1% of the total local herpetofauna; and in addition to this, different groups of Nahuas have shown to have information of their use of various snake species in many ways. This study was conducted to investigate the traditional uses of snakes in this cultural group...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#18
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017687/further-psychometric-validation-of-the-gah-scale-responsiveness-and-effect-size
#19
Alfonso José Cruz-Jentoft, Bernardo González, Javier de la Rubia, José Ángel Hernández Rivas, Juan Alfonso Soler, Carlos Fernández Lago, Mario Arnao, Mercedes Gironella, Ernesto Pérez Persona, María Teresa Zudaire, Carmen Olivier, Alberto Altés, Antonio García Guiñón, Benet Nomdedeu, Montserrat Arnan, Ángel Ramírez Payer, Pedro Sánchez-Godoy, Nuria Pajuelo, David Vilanova, Diego Fernánez Monjil, Santiago Bonanad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the newly developed Geriatric Assessment in Hematology (GAH) scale to clinical change in older patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies. METHODS: A prospective observational study conducted in 164 patients aged ≥65years and diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML), multiple myeloma (MM), or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Responsiveness of the GAH scales was studied by means of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, the Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score, the visual analog scale (VAS), and the physician's subjective assessment, used as clinical anchors to identify whether patients had changed clinically (either improved or worsened) or not since the baseline visit...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000482/comparaci%C3%A3-n-entre-personas-con-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-por-exceso-con-y-sin-trastorno-por-atrac%C3%A3-n
#20
Neli Escandón-Nagel
Introducción: si bien el Trastorno por Atracón es un trastorno de la conducta alimentaria que  no se da exclusivamente en personas obesas, es más común en este grupo que en sujetos con normopeso, sin embargo no todas las personas con malnutrición por exceso presentan Trastorno por Atracón. Objetivo: identificar el conocimiento actual respecto a las diferencias y semejanzas existentes entre personas con malnutrición por exceso con y sin Trastorno por Atracón.Método: para lograr el objetivo anterior, se realizó una revisión de artículos científicos en torno al tema...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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