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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423817/persona-development-and-educational-needs-to-support-informal-caregivers
#1
Zeina Al Awar, Craig Kuziemsky
Informal caregivers are playing an increasing role in community based care delivery. Research is needed that looks at the educational needs of informal caregivers as a precursor to HIT design to support community care delivery. A challenge is informal caregivers have very diverse educational needs. Personas are an approach to describe user characteristics as part of systems design and this approach could be used to understand and categorize the various educational needs of informal caregivers. This paper addresses this research need and provides a method for persona development and the identification of educational needs for informal caregivers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335630/the-design-prototyping-and-formative-evaluation-of-an-assistive-robotic-table-art-for-stroke-patients
#2
Anthony L Threatt, Jessica Merino, Johnell O Brooks, Stan Healy, Constance Truesdail, Joseph Manganelli, Ian Walker, Keith Evan Green
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the results of an exploratory study in which 14 healthcare subject matter experts (H-SMEs) in addition to four research and design subject matter experts (RD-SMEs) at a regional rehabilitation hospital engaged in a series of complementary, participatory activities in order to design an assistive robotic table (ART). BACKGROUND: As designers, human factor experts, and healthcare professionals continue to work to integrate assistive human-robot technologies in healthcare, it is imperative to understand how the technology affects patient care from clinicians' perspectives...
April 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316585/is-elite-sport-really-bad-for-you-can-we-answer-the-question
#3
Florence Lebrun, Dave Collins
Elite athletes are not immune to mental health issues. Yet, quality research on mental health in elites has so far been limited. Thus, while research on mental health emphasises the prevalence and nature of disorders in the general population, its extent in elite performers remains unclear. Indeed, the prevalence of mental conditions cannot be accurately calculated in elite athletes due to a lack of diagnostic criteria and screening tools specifically adapted to this unique population. Researchers and practitioners are, therefore, confronted with biases reflecting the use of clinical norms and instruments initially developed for the general population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#4
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#5
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#6
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244778/las-medidas-antropom%C3%A3-tricas-como-indicadores-predictivos-de-riesgo-metab%C3%A3-lico-en-una-poblaci%C3%A3-n-mexicana
#7
Teresa Domínguez-Reyes, Irma Quiroz-Vargas, Aralia Berenice Salgado-Bernabé, Lorenzo Salgado-Goytia, José Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Isela Parra-Rojas
Introducción: actualmente se considera que la acumulación de grasa corporal a nivel central se asocia con la presencia de hipertrigliceridemia, hipertensión arterial y diabetes. El índice de masa corporal (IMC) se ha utilizado para identificar la obesidad en la población general, pero no permite determinar la distribución de la grasa corporal, por lo que se pueden utilizar otras medidas antropométricas para evaluar la adiposidad y determinar su relación con la presencia de alteraciones metabólicas que presentan las personas con exceso de peso...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202298/blind-intubation-through-supraglottic-devices-a-word-of-caution
#8
Emanuela Parotto, Paolo Persona, Carlo Ori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#9
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146178/universal-health-coverage-through-community-nursing-services-china-vs-hong-kong
#10
Wai Yee Chan, Ita M Fung, Eric Chan
Objective: this article looks at how the development of community nursing services in China and Hong Kong can enhance universal health coverage. Methods: literature and data review have been utilized in this study. Results: nursing services have evolved much since the beginning of the nursing profession. The development of community nursing services has expanded the scope of nursing services to those in need of, not just hospital-level nursing care, but more holistic care to improve health and quality of life...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109759/how-much-does-the-anatomical-tibial-component-improve-the-bony-coverage-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Cheng Jin, Eun-Kyoo Song, Jatin Prakash, Sung-Kyu Kim, Chee Ken Chan, Jong-Keun Seon
BACKGROUND: Recently, anatomical designs in total knee arthroplasty are introduced to address asymmetry of the resected tibia cutting surface. It is still not well known how much improvement would be achieved in total knee arthroplasty, especially in Asian knees. METHODS: We evaluated the bony coverage of 4 commercially available posterior-stabilized tibial designs (3 symmetrical: NexGen, Attune, and Vega; 1 anatomical: Persona) by measuring uncovered areas over 3 different regions: lateroposterior (LP), medioposterior (MP), and mediolateral (ML) areas...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109304/traditional-use-and-perception-of-snakes-by-the-nahuas-from-cuetzalan-del-progreso-puebla-mexico
#12
Romina García-López, Alejandro Villegas, Noé Pacheco-Coronel, Graciela Gómez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Indigenous cultures are the result of their adaptation to the natural surroundings, in such a way that, amongst their main features is a set of knowledge, technologies and strategies for the appropriation of nature. In Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla, Mexico snakes represent 71.1% of the total local herpetofauna; and in addition to this, different groups of Nahuas have shown to have information of their use of various snake species in many ways. This study was conducted to investigate the traditional uses of snakes in this cultural group...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#13
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017687/further-psychometric-validation-of-the-gah-scale-responsiveness-and-effect-size
#14
Alfonso José Cruz-Jentoft, Bernardo González, Javier de la Rubia, José Ángel Hernández Rivas, Juan Alfonso Soler, Carlos Fernández Lago, Mario Arnao, Mercedes Gironella, Ernesto Pérez Persona, María Teresa Zudaire, Carmen Olivier, Alberto Altés, Antonio García Guiñón, Benet Nomdedeu, Montserrat Arnan, Ángel Ramírez Payer, Pedro Sánchez-Godoy, Nuria Pajuelo, David Vilanova, Diego Fernánez Monjil, Santiago Bonanad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the newly developed Geriatric Assessment in Hematology (GAH) scale to clinical change in older patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies. METHODS: A prospective observational study conducted in 164 patients aged ≥65years and diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML), multiple myeloma (MM), or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Responsiveness of the GAH scales was studied by means of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, the Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score, the visual analog scale (VAS), and the physician's subjective assessment, used as clinical anchors to identify whether patients had changed clinically (either improved or worsened) or not since the baseline visit...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000482/comparaci%C3%A3-n-entre-personas-con-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-por-exceso-con-y-sin-trastorno-por-atrac%C3%A3-n
#15
Neli Escandón-Nagel
Introducción: si bien el Trastorno por Atracón es un trastorno de la conducta alimentaria que  no se da exclusivamente en personas obesas, es más común en este grupo que en sujetos con normopeso, sin embargo no todas las personas con malnutrición por exceso presentan Trastorno por Atracón. Objetivo: identificar el conocimiento actual respecto a las diferencias y semejanzas existentes entre personas con malnutrición por exceso con y sin Trastorno por Atracón.Método: para lograr el objetivo anterior, se realizó una revisión de artículos científicos en torno al tema...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992026/psychometric-properties-of-the-attitudes-scale-facing-alcohol-and-alcoholism-in-nursing-students
#16
Divane de Vargas, Fernanda Mota Rocha
Objective: to verify the psychometric properties of the Attitudes Scale facing Alcohol and Alcoholism (EAFAA) and people with disorders related to the use of alcohol in nursing students. Method: a convenience sample (n=420) completed the EAFAA, the data were submitted to Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Results: the EFA resulted in an instrument composed of 48 items divided into four factors. The CFA has established the validity of the factorial structure...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982311/nursing-interventions-in-monitoring-the-adolescent-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-literature-review
#17
Maria da Conceição Marinho Sousa Ribeiro Oliveira Reisinho, Bárbara Pereira Gomes
Objectives: to search for nursing interventions focused on the improvement of quality of life and promotion of self-care of adolescents suffering from the Cystic Fibrosis. Method: literature review. The inclusion criteria were: primary studies and studies with interventions developed by nurses in the adolescent population with Cystic Fibrosis, using Portuguese, Spanish, French and English with no time limit, and supported by the databases Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982309/experiences-and-coping-with-the-altered-body-image-in-digestive-stoma-patients
#18
César Hueso-Montoro, Candela Bonill-de-Las-Nieves, Miriam Celdrán-Mañas, Sandra Milena Hernández-Zambrano, Manuel Amezcua-Martínez, José Miguel Morales-Asencio
Objective: to describe the coping of stoma patients with the news about the ostomy, as well as to analyze the meaning and the experience of their new bodily reality. Method: qualitative phenomenological study undertaken through semistructured interviews with 21 stoma patients. The analysis was based on the constant comparison of the data, the progressive incorporation of subjects and triangulation among researchers and stomal therapy nurses. The software Atlas.ti was used...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982307/validation-of-an-instrument-for-evaluating-health-care-services-to-ostomized-people
#19
Juliano Teixeira Moraes, Carlos Faria Santos Amaral, Eline Lima Borges, Mauro Souza Ribeiro, Eliete Albano Azevedo Guimarães
Objectives: to develop and validate an array of analysis and judgment for the evaluation of Health Care Services of people with stomas. Methods: cross-sectional study in 28 health facilities in the state of Minas Gerais. A descriptive analysis of the instrument and a study of its psychometric properties were performed. We used the Delphi technique for the validation of content and appearance. A psychometric analysis was carried out through the study of the reliability and validity of the measures obtained with the instrument...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941456/writing-the-persona-poem
#20
Sharon Fish Mooney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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