keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Persona

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675799/dr-snow-killed-a-bird-the-genesis-of-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-in-anaesthesia
#1
L E Mather
This essay presents a pharmacologist's perspective of what would be now called 'preclinical research' and 'uncontrolled clinical trials' surrounding the first public demonstration by William Thomas Green Morton of painless surgery achieved by the inhalation of ether in a patient at the Massachusetts General Hospital on 16 October 1846. Of the many people who made history in those earliest days of surgical anaesthesia in both the United States and Great Britain, John Snow stands out for his personal research that spanned basic science and clinical medicine...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664603/r-%C3%A2-b-woodward-a-larger-than-life-chemistry-rock-star
#2
Jeffrey I Seeman
To mark the 100th birthday of R. B. Woodward (April 10, 1917-July 8, 1979), a discussion and analysis of Woodward's persona is given. The fundamental theme is that "Woodward experienced his own exceptionality," as described by Albert Eschenmoser, Woodward's partner in the vitamin B12 project. Woodward's rock star personality is explored and discussed as one of his legacies in addition to his scientific achievements. Woodward presented himself to his students, colleagues, and fellow chemists with an aura of nobility and romanticism...
June 30, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636060/developing-mobile-clinical-decision-support-for-nursing-home-staff-assessment-of-urinary-tract-infection-using-goal-directed-design
#3
Wallace Jones, Cynthia Drake, David Mack, Blaine Reeder, Barbara Trautner, Heidi Wald
BACKGROUND: Unique characteristics of nursing homes (NHs) contribute to high rates of inappropriate antibiotic use for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB), a benign condition. A mobile clinical decision support system (CDSS) may support NH staff in differentiating urinary tract infections (UTI) from ASB and reducing antibiotic days. OBJECTIVES: We used Goal-Directed Design to: 1) Characterize information needs for UTI identification and management in NHs; 2) Develop UTI Decide, a mobile CDSS prototype informed by personas and scenarios of use constructed from Aim 1 findings; 3) Evaluate the UTI Decide prototype with NH staff...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627215/la-red-de-promotores-de-salud-como-estrategia-de-educaci%C3%A3-n-alimentaria-el-ejemplo-del-programa-edalnu-1963-1994
#4
María Tormo Santamaría, Eva María Trescastro López, Pamela Pereyra Zamora, María Eugenia Galiana Sánchez, Josep Bernabeu-Mestre
La educación en alimentación y nutrición es una herramienta fundamental para garantizar la salud. En 1961, se puso en marcha el Programa de Educación en Alimentación y Nutrición (EDALNU), que ayudó a la población española a completar su transición alimentaria y nutricional. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las características de la red de promotores de salud que se desarrolló en el marco del programa.Recibieron formación relacionada con alimentación y nutrición 46.752 personas, el 94% de ellas mujeres...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-y-bulimia-nerviosas-difusi%C3%A3-n-virtual-de-la-enfermedad-como-estilo-de-vida
#5
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introducción: la adolescencia es un periodo vulnerable para padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosas. La insatisfacción corporal, uno de los factores precipitantes de los TCA, conduce a las adolescentes a la búsqueda de información sobre dietas en internet. En este contexto, las páginas pro-Ana (proanorexia) y pro-Mía (probulimia) difunden contenidos altamente perjudiciales para la salud relacionados con la pérdida de peso y los TCA.Objetivos: en el presente trabajo se analizan la cantidad, el posicionamiento, la calidad y la difusión de las páginas pro-Ana y pro-Mía...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591300/risk-factors-for-unstable-blood-glucose-level-integrative-review-of-the-risk-factors-related-to-the-nursing-diagnosis
#6
Andressa Magalhães Teixeira, Rosangela Tsukamoto, Camila Takáo Lopes, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: to identify evidence in the literature on the possible risk factors for the risk of unstable blood glucose diagnosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare them with the risk factors described by NANDA International. Method: an integrative literature review guided by the question: what are the risk factors for unstable blood glucose level in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Primary studies were included whose outcomes were variations in glycemic levels, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, in PubMed or CINAHL between 2010 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585852/%C3%A2-podemos-integrar-la-atenci%C3%A3-n-nutricional-en-los-distintos-niveles-asistenciales-reflexiones-desde-la-cronicidad-y-la-complejidad-cl%C3%A3-nica
#7
Carles Blay Pueyo
En los tiempos actuales, en los que la cronicidad es el argumento casi hegemónico de los sistemas de salud, la multimorbilidad y la gestión asistencial de las necesidades complejas aparecen como retos prioritarios de las sociedades del bienestar.En un 5% de la población la dificultad de los profesionales y de los agentes para identificar y responder a lo que estos pacientes necesitan -en términos de salud- es especialmente significativa. Ello conlleva un impacto muy relevante no solo desde el punto de vista clínico, sino también en cuanto a la resiliencia de los sistemas públicos de atención a las personas...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573911/framing-the-transit-expeditionary-culture-and-identities-in-lieutenant-e-j-w-noble-s-caricatures-of-the-1874-transit-of-venus-expedition-to-honolulu
#8
Rebekah Higgitt
Making use of a source previously unknown to historians, this article sheds new light on the British expedition to the Sandwich Islands to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. This source, a series of caricature drawings that follow the expedition from departure to return, gives insight into expeditionary culture and the experience of a previously unremarked member of this astronomical expedition, Evelyn J.W. Noble, a career officer of the Royal Marine Artillery. It also reveals overlapping military, scientific and masculine identities, developed in dialogue with, and often deliberately subverting, more public accounts...
June 2, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539305/deconstructing-cancer-patient-information-seeking-in-a-consumer-health-library-toward-developing-a-virtual-information-consult-for-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-instrumental-case-study
#9
Janet Papadakos, Aileen Trang, Alaina B Cyr, Nazek Abdelmutti, Meredith E Giuliani, Michelle Snow, Tara McCurdie, Menaka Pulandiran, Sara Urowitz, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients and their caregivers want information about their disease and are interested in finding health information online. Despite the abundance of cancer information online, it is often fragmented, its quality is highly variable, and it can be difficult to navigate without expert-level knowledge of the cancer system. The Patient & Family Library at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre offers a broad collection of high-quality cancer health information and staff are available to help patrons refine their questions and explore information needs that they may not have considered...
May 24, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#10
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513769/the-situation-of-nursing-education-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-towards-universal-health
#11
Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Lynda Law Wilson, Sabrina de Souza Elias Mikael, Laura Morán Peña, Rosa Amarilis Zarate Grajales, Linda L McCreary, Lisa Theus, Maria Del Carmen Gutierrez Agudelo, Adriana da Silva Felix, Jacqueline Molina de Uriza, Nathaly Rozo Gutierrez
Objective: to assess the situation of nursing education and to analyze the extent to which baccalaureate level nursing education programs in Latin America and the Caribbean are preparing graduates to contribute to the achievement of Universal Health. Method: quantitative, descriptive/exploratory, cross-sectional study carried out in 25 countries. Results: a total of 246 nursing schools participated in the study. Faculty with doctoral level degrees totaled 31...
May 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508722/a-natural-history-of-the-drag-queen-phenomenon
#12
Michael Moncrieff, Pierre Lienard
The drag queen cultural phenomenon has been described at length. However, the depiction of outlandish and hyperbolic womanhood and taunting and formidable behavior at the core of drag queens' public persona has still to be fully accounted for. We argue that these aspects of the drag queen's public appearance could best be understood in a signaling framework. Publicly donning extravagant woman's costumes attracts harassment and brings financial, mating, and opportunity costs, generating the conditions for the transmission of honest signals...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492953/muscle-dysmorphia-detection-of-the-use-abuse-of-anabolic-adrogenic-steroids-in-a-spanish-sample
#13
Irene González-Martí, Juan Gregorio Fernández-Bustos, Onofre Ricardo Contreras Jordán, Marina Sokolova
Debido a una distorsión en la imagen corporal, las personas que padecen Dismorfia Muscular se perciben menos musculosas de lo que son en realidad. Con el fin de aumentar su musculatura, algunas de estas personas hacen uso de hormonas cuya función principal es la del aumento del tamaño muscular. Por lo que el objetivo de este estudio es conocer la prevalencia del uso de hormonas en personas afectadas por Dismorfia Muscular. 562 hombres y 172 mujeres fisicoculturistas y levantadores de pesas, a los que se le administraron diferentes cuestionarios para conocer, primero si padecían el trastorno, y después en qué porcentaje usaban hormonas la muestra afectada...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467560/harlequin-inspired-story-based-learning-an-educational-innovation-for-pediatric-nursing-communication
#14
Alison Shaw, Candace Lind, Carol Ewashen
BACKGROUND: Effective communication with patients and families is essential for quality care in the pediatric environment. Despite this, the current structure and content of undergraduate nursing education often contributes to novice RNs feeling unprepared to manage complex pediatric communication situations. METHOD: By merging the characteristics of the Harlequin persona with the structure of story-based learning, undergraduate students can be introduced to increasingly advanced pediatric communication scenarios in the classroom...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423817/persona-development-and-educational-needs-to-support-informal-caregivers
#15
Zeina Al Awar, Craig Kuziemsky
Informal caregivers are playing an increasing role in community based care delivery. Research is needed that looks at the educational needs of informal caregivers as a precursor to HIT design to support community care delivery. A challenge is informal caregivers have very diverse educational needs. Personas are an approach to describe user characteristics as part of systems design and this approach could be used to understand and categorize the various educational needs of informal caregivers. This paper addresses this research need and provides a method for persona development and the identification of educational needs for informal caregivers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335630/the-design-prototyping-and-formative-evaluation-of-an-assistive-robotic-table-art-for-stroke-patients
#16
Anthony L Threatt, Jessica Merino, Johnell O Brooks, Stan Healy, Constance Truesdail, Joseph Manganelli, Ian Walker, Keith Evan Green
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the results of an exploratory study in which 14 healthcare subject matter experts (H-SMEs) in addition to four research and design subject matter experts (RD-SMEs) at a regional rehabilitation hospital engaged in a series of complementary, participatory activities in order to design an assistive robotic table (ART). BACKGROUND: As designers, human factor experts, and healthcare professionals continue to work to integrate assistive human-robot technologies in healthcare, it is imperative to understand how the technology affects patient care from clinicians' perspectives...
April 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316585/is-elite-sport-really-bad-for-you-can-we-answer-the-question
#17
Florence Lebrun, Dave Collins
Elite athletes are not immune to mental health issues. Yet, quality research on mental health in elites has so far been limited. Thus, while research on mental health emphasises the prevalence and nature of disorders in the general population, its extent in elite performers remains unclear. Indeed, the prevalence of mental conditions cannot be accurately calculated in elite athletes due to a lack of diagnostic criteria and screening tools specifically adapted to this unique population. Researchers and practitioners are, therefore, confronted with biases reflecting the use of clinical norms and instruments initially developed for the general population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#18
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#20
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
keyword
keyword
17032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"