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photothermal therapy review

Jihwan Son, Gawon Yi, Jihye Yoo, Changhee Park, Heebeom Koo, Hak Soo Choi
Nanoparticles (NPs) play a key role in nanomedicine in multimodal imaging, drug delivery and targeted therapy of human diseases. Consequently, due to the attractive properties of NPs including high stability, high payload, multifunctionality, design flexibility, and efficient delivery to target tissues, nanomedicine employs various types of NPs to enhance targeting and treatment efficacy. In this review, we primarily focus on light-responsive materials, such as fluorophores, photosensitizers, semiconducting polymers, carbon structures, gold particles, quantum dots, and upconversion crystals, for their biomedical applications...
October 12, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Julian Bejarano, Mario Navarro-Marquez, Francisco Morales-Zavala, Javier O Morales, Ivonne Garcia-Carvajal, Eyleen Araya-Fuentes, Yvo Flores, Hugo E Verdejo, Pablo F Castro, Sergio Lavandero, Marcelo J Kogan
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Despite preventive efforts, early detection of atherosclerosis, the common pathophysiological mechanism underlying cardiovascular diseases remains elusive, and overt coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction is often the first clinical manifestation. Nanoparticles represent a novel strategy for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of atherosclerosis, and new multifunctional nanoparticles with combined diagnostic and therapeutic capacities hold the promise for theranostic approaches to this disease...
2018: Theranostics
Yijing Liu, Pravin Bhattarai, Zhifei Dai, Xiaoyuan Chen
The nonradiative conversion of light energy into heat (photothermal therapy, PTT) or sound energy (photoacoustic imaging, PAI) has been intensively investigated for the treatment and diagnosis of cancer, respectively. By taking advantage of nanocarriers, both imaging and therapeutic functions together with enhanced tumour accumulation have been thoroughly studied to improve the pre-clinical efficiency of PAI and PTT. In this review, we first summarize the development of inorganic and organic nano photothermal transduction agents (PTAs) and strategies for improving the PTT outcomes, including applying appropriate laser dosage, guiding the treatment via imaging techniques, developing PTAs with absorption in the second NIR window, increasing photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE), and also increasing the accumulation of PTAs in tumours...
September 27, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Nitin Gupta, Divya Bharti Rai, Ashok Kumar Jangid, Hitesh Kulhari
BACKGROUND: In last few years, the use of modified carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) for theranostics (therapeutic and diagnosis) applications is a new and rapidly growing area in pharmacy and medical fields. Owing to this, their unique physical and chemical properties like high stability, high drug loading with high surface to volume ratio, low toxicity are mainly responsible to be considered those as smart nanomaterials. OBJECTIVE: This review describes the different sizes, shapes, and dimensions of carbon-based nanocarriers including 0-D fullerene, 1-D CNTs, and 2-D graphene and graphene oxide and their surface modification with different biocompatible and biodegradable molecules via covalent or non-covalent functionalization...
September 24, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Ashtami Jayakumar, Anju Surendranath, Mohanan Pv
2 dimensional (2D) materials are budding new class of materials with exciting potential in optical, electrical, chemical and biomedical applications. Inspired by the attractive properties of graphene attributing to its 2D structure has stimulated researchers to hunt for new 2D materials. Unique characteristics like high surface-volume ratio, shape, surface charge, anisotropic nature and tunable functionalities of 2D structures opens up its application scope further. 2D materials have marked their impact on a wide range of area notably material science, optoelectronics, engineering and biomedical science...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yang Liu, Bridget M Crawford, Tuan Vo-Dinh
Cancer has been a significant threat to human health with more than eight million deaths each year in the world. Therefore, there is a significant need for novel technologies to effectively treat cancer and ultimately reduce cancer recurrences, treatment costs, number of radical cystectomies and mortality. A promising therapeutic platform for cancer is offered by nanoparticle-mediated therapy. This review highlights the development and applications of various nanoparticle platforms for photo-induced hyperthermia and immunotherapy...
September 2018: Immunotherapy
Filippo Pierini, Paweł Nakielski, Olga Urbanek, Sylwia Pawłowska, Massimiliano Lanzi, Luciano De Sio, Tomasz Aleksander Kowalewski
Materials for the treatment of cancer have been studied comprehensively over the past few decades. Among the various kinds of biomaterials, polymer-based nanomaterials represent one of the most interesting research directions in nanomedicine because their controlled synthesis and tailored designs make it possible to obtain nanostructures with biomimetic features and outstanding biocompatibility. Understanding the chemical and physical mechanisms behind the cascading stimuli-responsiveness of smart polymers is fundamental for the design of multifunctional nanomaterials to be used as photothermal agents for targeted polytherapy...
October 5, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Wei Zhao, Aihua Li, Aitang Zhang, Yiwei Zheng, Jingquan Liu
In this review, we focus on recent advances in the synthesis of polymer-functionalized transition-metal-based nanomaterials and follow this up by discussing their applications in bioimaging diagnosis and cancer therapy. Transition-metal-based nanomaterials show great potential in cancer therapy owing to their intensive near-IR absorption, excellent photothermal conversion efficiency, strong X-ray attenuation, and magnetic properties. Functional polymers are usually introduced by a one-step or multistep method to further endow these nanomaterials with great biocompatibility and physiological stability...
August 28, 2018: ChemMedChem
Paula García Calavia, Gordon Bruce, Lluïsa Pérez-García, David A Russell
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively studied within biomedicine due to their biocompatibility and low toxicity. In particular, AuNPs have been widely used to deliver photosensitiser agents for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. Here we review the state-of-the-art for the functionalisation of the gold nanoparticle surface with both photosensitisers and targeting ligands for the active targeting of cancer cell surface receptors. From the initial use of the AuNPs as a simple carrier of the photosensitiser for PDT, the field has significantly advanced to include: the use of PEGylated modification to provide aqueous compatibility and stealth properties for in vivo use; gold metal-surface enhanced singlet oxygen generation; functionalisation of the AuNP surface with biological ligands to specifically target over-expressed receptors on the surface of cancer cells and; the creation of nanorods and nanostars to enable combined PDT and photothermal therapies...
August 17, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Limin Pan, Jianan Liu, Jianlin Shi
Tumor therapeutic efficacy is determined, to a great extent, by the delivery efficiency of therapeutic drugs to their final targets. The cell nucleus has been proven to be the main interaction site for most therapeutic agents such as anticancer drugs, genes, free radicals, and heat. Therefore, it is highly expected that cell nucleus-targeting or nuclear membrane-penetrating nanotherapeutics would provide a more effective strategy than ordinary cell membrane-targeting ones for benefiting precise nanomedicine in humans' battles against cancer...
September 17, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Milan Gautam, Kishwor Poudel, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
This review outlines recently developed Prussian blue nanoparticle (PB NPs)-based multimodal imaging-guided chemo-photothermal strategies for cancer diagnosis and treatment in order to provide insight into the future of the field. The primary limitation of existing therapeutics is the lack of selectivity in drug delivery: they target healthy and cancerous cells alike. In this paper, we provide a thorough review of diverse synthetic and surface engineering techniques for PB NP fabrication. We have elucidated the various targeting approaches employed to deliver the therapeutic and imaging ligands into the tumor area, and outlined methods for enhancement of the tumor ablative ability of the NPS, including several important combinatorial approaches...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Duarte de Melo-Diogo, Rita Lima-Sousa, Cátia G Alves, Elisabete C Costa, Ricardo O Louro, Ilídio J Correia
Graphene family nanomaterials' (GFN) ability to interact with near-infrared light has propelled their application in cancer photothermal therapy. Furthermore, the graphitic lattice of GFN can adsorb different types of molecules, which has motivated their use in cancer drug delivery. However, the direct application of GFN in cancer therapy is severely hindered by their poor colloidal stability, sub-optimal safety, inefficient tumor uptake and non-selectivity towards cancer cells. To overcome these limitations, GFN have been functionalized with different types of materials...
November 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Lian-Hua Fu, Chao Qi, Jing Lin, Peng Huang
Glucose oxidase (GOx) is an endogenous oxido-reductase that is widely distributed in living organisms. Over recent years, GOx has attracted increasing interest in the biomedical field due to its inherent biocompatibility, non-toxicity, and unique catalysis against β-d-glucose. GOx efficiently catalyzes the oxidization of glucose into gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which can be employed by various biosensors for the detection of cancer biomarkers. Various cancer therapeutic strategies have also been developed based on the catalytic chemistry of GOx: (1) the consumption of glucose provides an alternative strategy for cancer-starvation therapy; (2) the consumption of oxygen increases tumor hypoxia, which can be harnessed for hypoxia-activated therapy; (3) the generation of gluconic acid enhances the acidity of the tumor microenvironment, which can trigger pH-responsive drug release; (4) the generation of H2O2 increases the levels of tumor oxidative stress, and the H2O2 can be converted into toxic hydroxyl radicals that can kill cancer cells upon exposure to light irradiation or via the Fenton reaction...
August 28, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Priyanka Singh, Santosh Pandit, V R S S Mokkapati, Abhroop Garg, Vaishnavi Ravikumar, Ivan Mijakovic
The application of nanotechnology for the treatment of cancer is mostly based on early tumor detection and diagnosis by nanodevices capable of selective targeting and delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to the specific tumor site. Due to the remarkable properties of gold nanoparticles, they have long been considered as a potential tool for diagnosis of various cancers and for drug delivery applications. These properties include high surface area to volume ratio, surface plasmon resonance, surface chemistry and multi-functionalization, facile synthesis, and stable nature...
July 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiaoyang Hou, Yingkai Tao, Yanyu Pang, Xinxin Li, Guan Jiang, Yanqun Liu
Nanoparticle-based phototherapies, such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), exhibit strong efficacy, minimal invasion and negligible side effects in tumor treatment. These phototherapies have received considerable attention and been extensively studied in recent years. In addition to directly killing tumor cells through heat and reactive oxygen species, PTT and PDT can also induce various antitumor effects. In particular, the resultant massive tumor cell death after PTT and PDT triggers immune responses, including the redistribution and activation of immune effector cells, the expression and secretion of cytokines and the transformation of memory T lymphocytes...
July 7, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Zhiguo Qin, Yan Li, Ning Gu
Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) with favorable biocompatibility and unique properties have captured the attention of extensive biomedical researchers. A great progress is made in the application of PBNPs as therapy and diagnostics agents in biomedicine. This review begins with the recent synthetic strategies of PBNPs and the regulatory approaches for their size, shape, and uniformity. Then, according to the different properties of PBNPs, their application in biomedicine is summarized in detail. With modifiable features, PBNPs can be used as drug carriers to improve the therapeutic efficacy...
July 4, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ye Chen, Zhanxi Fan, Zhicheng Zhang, Wenxin Niu, Cuiling Li, Nailiang Yang, Bo Chen, Hua Zhang
As one unique group of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, 2D metal nanomaterials have drawn increasing attention owing to their intriguing physiochemical properties and broad range of promising applications. In this Review, we briefly introduce the general synthetic strategies applied to 2D metal nanomaterials, followed by describing in detail the various synthetic methods classified in two categories, i.e. bottom-up methods and top-down methods. After introducing the unique physical and chemical properties of 2D metal nanomaterials, the potential applications of 2D metal nanomaterials in catalysis, surface enhanced Raman scattering, sensing, bioimaging, solar cells, and photothermal therapy are discussed in detail...
July 11, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Liang Guo, Jiechao Ge, Pengfei Wang
Conjugated polymer dots (Pdots, also named polymer nanoparticles, PNPs), which consist of π-conjugated organic polymers, are novel organic nanomaterials with size in the range of 1-100 nm. Compared with traditional organic small molecules, semiconductor quantum dots and inorganic nanomaterials, the Pdots exhibit significant potential applications in biological imaging, sensing and detection, drug delivery and theranostics, due to their advantages of special optical properties, diverse structure, easy surface modification and good biocompatibility...
September 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Matthew J Crane, Xuezhe Zhou, E James Davis, Peter J Pauzauskie
A vast range of insulating, semiconducting, and metallic nanomaterials have been studied over the past several decades with the aim of understanding how continuous-wave or pulsed laser radiation can influence their chemical functionality and local environment. Many fascinating observations have been made during laser irradiation including, but not limited to, the superheating of solvents, mass-transport-mediated morphology evolution, photodynamic therapy, morphology dependent resonances, and a range of phase transformations...
September 17, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Meng Qiu, Wen Xiu Ren, Taeho Jeong, Miae Won, Geun Young Park, David Kipkemoi Sang, Li-Ping Liu, Han Zhang, Jong Seung Kim
Phosphorene, also known as single- or few-layer black phosphorus (FLBP), is a new member of the two-dimensional (2D) material family and has attracted significant attention in recent years for applications in optoelectronics, energy storage and biomedicine due to its unique physicochemical properties and excellent biocompatibility. FLBP is regarded as a potential biological imaging agent for cancer diagnosis due to its intrinsic fluorescence (FL) and photoacoustic (PA) properties and negligible cytotoxicity...
July 30, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
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