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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793118/efficient-resource-recycling-from-liquid-digestate-by-microalgae-yeast-mixed-culture-and-the-assessment-of-key-gene-transcription-related-to-nitrogen-assimilation-in-microalgae
#1
Lei Qin, Lu Liu, Zhongming Wang, Weining Chen, Dong Wei
To determine the feasibility of microalgae-yeast mixed culture using the liquid digestate of dairy wastewater (LDDW) for biofuels and single cell protein (SCP) production, the cell growth, nutrient removal and outputs evaluation of the mono and mixed culture of Chlorella vulgaris and Yarrowia lipolytica in LDDW were investigated by adding glycerol as carbon source. The results showed that the mixed culture could enhance the biological utilization efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus, and obtain higher yield of biomass (1...
May 18, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789928/effects-of-fundamental-nutrient-stresses-on-the-lipid-accumulation-profiles-in-two-diatom-species-thalassiosira-weissflogii-and-chaetoceros-muelleri
#2
Qun Lin, Wen-Hao Zhuo, Xin-Wei Wang, Chang-Ping Chen, Ya-Hui Gao, Jun-Rong Liang
Microalgae are considered as attractive feedstocks for biofuel production nowadays because of their high lipid contents and easy cultivation. In the present study, two diatoms, Thalassiosira weissflogii and Chaetoceros muelleri, were cultured under various nutrient-limitation conditions to explore their comprehensive lipid accumulation profiles for further commercialization. In T. weissflogii, the highest neutral lipid accumulation and highest lipid productivity (14.28 mg L-1  day-1 ) were both recorded under P-limitation...
May 22, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786939/an-update-on-enzymatic-cocktails-for-lignocellulose-breakdown
#3
REVIEW
Andreza de Mello Lopes, Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira Filho, Leonora Rios de Souza Moreira
Alternative energy sources have received increasing attention in recent years. The possibility of adding value to agricultural wastes, by producing biofuels and other products with economic value from lignocellulosic biomass by enzymatic hydrolysis, has been widely explored. Lignocellulosic biomass, as well as being an abundant residue, is a complex recalcitrant structure that requires a consortium of enzymes for its complete degradation. Pools of enzymes with different specificities acting together usually produce an increase in hydrolysis yield...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785355/identification-and-expression-analysis-of-cytokinin-metabolic-genes-ipts-cyp735a-and-ckxs-in-the-biofuel-plant-jatropha-curcas
#4
Li Cai, Lu Zhang, Qiantang Fu, Zeng-Fu Xu
The seed oil of Jatropha curcas is considered a potential bioenergy source that could replace fossil fuels. However, the seed yield of Jatropha is low and has yet to be improved. We previously reported that exogenous cytokinin treatment increased the seed yield of Jatropha . Cytokinin levels are directly regulated by isopentenyl transferase (IPT), cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, family 735, subfamily A (CYP735A), and cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX). In this study, we cloned six IPT genes, one JcCYP735A gene, and seven JcCKX genes...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783193/quorum-sensing-molecules-in-activated-sludge-could-trigger-microalgae-lipid-synthesis
#5
Chaofan Zhang, Qingcheng Li, Liang Fu, Dandan Zhou, John C Crittenden
Cultivating microalgae using wastewater is an economical strategy to produce biofuel; however, microbial contamination has to be controlled strictly. Microalgae lipid accumulation can be triggered by environmental pressures, and here, we studied whether microbial contamination is the pressure for microalgae. We hypothesized this pressure was forced via cell-to-cell communication with quorum sensing molecules (QSMs). In this work, we verified the impacts of QSMs produced by activated sludge (wastewater-born microbial consortiums) on both lipid content and biomass production of the microalgae Chlorophyta sp...
May 18, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780532/towards-a-molecular-understanding-of-cellulose-dissolution-in-ionic-liquids-anion-cation-effect-synergistic-mechanism-and-physicochemical-aspects
#6
REVIEW
Yao Li, Jianji Wang, Xiaomin Liu, Suojiang Zhang
Cellulose is one of the most abundant bio-renewable materials on the earth and its conversion to biofuels provides an appealing way to satisfy the increasing global energy demand. However, before carrying out the process of enzymolysis to glucose or polysaccharides, cellulose needs to be pretreated to overcome its recalcitrance. In recent years, a variety of ionic liquids (ILs) have been found to be effective solvents for cellulose, providing a new, feasible pretreatment strategy. A lot of experimental and computational studies have been carried out to investigate the dissolution mechanism...
May 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780519/molecular-mechanism-of-lytic-polysaccharide-monooxygenases
#7
Erik Donovan Hedegård, Ulf Ryde
The lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are copper metalloenzymes that can enhance polysaccharide depolymerization through an oxidative mechanism and hence boost generation of biofuel from e.g. cellulose. By employing density functional theory in a combination of quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM), we report a complete description of the molecular mechanism of LPMOs. The QM/MM scheme allows us to describe all reaction steps with a detailed protein environment and we show that this is necessary...
April 21, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780373/regulation-mechanism-mediated-by-trans-encoded-srna-nc117-in-short-chain-alcohols-tolerance-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803
#8
Yanqi Bi, Guangsheng Pei, Tao Sun, Zixi Chen, Lei Chen, Weiwen Zhang
Microbial small RNAs (sRNAs) play essential roles against many stress conditions in cyanobacteria. However, little is known on their regulatory mechanisms on biofuels tolerance. In our previous sRNA analysis, a trans -encoded sRNA Nc117 was found involved in the tolerance to ethanol and 1-butanol in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. However, its functional mechanism is yet to be determined. In this study, functional characterization of sRNA Nc117 was performed. Briefly, the exact length of the trans -encoded sRNA Nc117 was determined to be 102 nucleotides using 3' RACE, and the positive regulation of Nc117 on short chain alcohols tolerance was further confirmed...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779121/a-comprehensive-comparable-study-of-the-physiological-properties-of-four-microalgal-species-under-different-light-wavelength-conditions
#9
Yu Zhong, Peng Jin, Jay J Cheng
Microalgae treated with blue light have potential for production of human nutrition supplement and biofuel due to their higher biomass productivity and favorable fatty acid composition. Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Scenedesmus obliquus are representative green microalgae which are widely reported for algal production. In this study, we provide a systematic investigation of the biomass productivity, photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and fatty acid content of the four green microalgae...
May 19, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778044/electrodeposited-styrylquinolinium-dye-as-molecular-electrocatalyst-for-coupled-redox-reactions
#10
Yolina Hubenova, Rumyana Bakalska, Mario Mitov
Modification of carbonaceous materials with different conductive coatings is a successful approach to enhance their electrocatalytic activity and thus to increase the electrical outputs when used as electrodes in biofuel cells. In this study, a methodology for electrodeposition of styrylquinolinium dye on carbon felt was developed. The produced dye electrodeposits were characterized by means of AFM, ESI-MS/MS and NMR spectroscopy. The obtained data reveal that the dye forms overlaid layers consisting of monomer molecules most likely with an antiparallel orientation...
May 10, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778023/the-growth-and-lipid-accumulation-of-scenedesmus-quadricauda-during-batch-mixotrophic-heterotrophic-cultivation-using-xylose-as-a-carbon-source
#11
Mingming Song, Haiyan Pei
To overcome the bottlenecks of high cost and low production yields that restrict the commercial production of microalgae biodiesel, the use of xylose was evaluate by Scenedesmus quadricauda FACHB-1297, which was shown to be capable of mixotrophic and heterotrophic growth and lipid production on xylose, rich in the waste streams from pulp and paper industry, with increases in lipid productivities of 35.8-fold (mixotrophic) and 9.2-fold (heterotrophic) in comparison to photoautotrophic lipid yields. Five doses of xylose were tested to determine the effects and mechanisms of the carbon source on microalgae in mixotrophic mode...
May 10, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776927/ecological-engineering-helps-maximize-function-in-algal-oil-production
#12
Sara L Jackrel, Anita Narwani, Bastian Bentlage, Robert B Levine, David C Hietala, Phillip E Savage, Todd H Oakley, Vincent J Denef, Bradley J Cardinale
Algal biofuels have the potential to curb emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels, but current growing methods fail to produce fuels that meet the multiple standards necessary for economical industrial use. For example, algae grown as monocultures for biofuel production have not simultaneously and economically achieved high yields of the high-quality, lipid-rich biomass desired for the industrial-scale production of bio-oil. Decades of study in the field of ecology have demonstrated that simultaneous increases in multiple functions, such as the quantity and quality of biomass, can occur in natural ecosystems by increasing biological diversity...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775098/phytofiltration-of-anaerobically-digested-sugarcane-ethanol-stillage-using-a-macrophyte-with-high-potential-for-biofuel-production
#13
Gloria Sánchez-Galván, Yanet Bolaños-Santiago
Anaerobically digested stillage (ADS) requires treatment before being discharged into water bodies or soils to avoid adverse effects. Phytofiltration systems are eco-friendly technologies for wastewater treatment, and they simultaneously serve as a source of biomass for biofuel production. The aim of the present study was to investigate the phytofiltration of ADS using Azolla sp. The effects of the ADS strength (dilutions 1: 50 and 1 : 25 v/v) and initial biomass density (IBD) [15.44 (IBD1) and 23.16 (IBD2) g dry weight (dw) m-2 ] on plant growth and pollutant removal were assessed...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773074/enhanced-cellulase-production-in-trichoderma-reesei-rut-c30-via-constitution-of-minimal-transcriptional-activators
#14
Jiajia Zhang, Guoxiu Zhang, Wei Wang, Wei Wang, Dongzhi Wei
BACKGROUND: Cellulase can convert lignocellulosic feedstocks into fermentable sugars, which can be used for the industrial production of biofuels and chemicals. The high cost of cellulase production remains a challenge for lignocellulose breakdown. Trichoderma reesei RUT C30 serves as a well-known industrial workhorse for cellulase production. Therefore, the enhancement of cellulase production by T. reesei RUT C30 is of great importance. RESULTS: Two sets of novel minimal transcriptional activators (DBDace2 -VP16 and DBDcre1 -VP16) were designed and expressed in T...
May 17, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772529/microbial-bio-fuels-a-solution-to-carbon-emissions-and-energy-crisis
#15
Arun Kumar, Sumit Kaushal, Shubhini A Saraf, Jay Shankar Singh
Increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and climate change have prompted development of alternative sustainable and economical fuel resources such as crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel. However, there is concern over use of arable land that is used for food agriculture for creation of biofuel. Thus, there is a renewed interest in the use of microbes particularly microalgae for bio-fuel production. Microbes such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria that are used for biofuel production also produce other bioactive compounds under stressed conditions...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772507/novel-insight-of-carotenoid-and-lipid-biosynthesis-and-their-roles-in-storage-carbon-metabolism-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#16
Han Sun, Xuemei Mao, Tao Wu, Yuanyuan Ren, Feng Chen, Bin Liu
Revenues of carotenoid and lipid biosynthesis under excess light and nitrogen starvation were firstly analyzed for the increased biomass value through carbon metabolism analysis. The results suggested excess light and nitrogen starvation resulted in carbon partitioning among protein, starch, lipid and carotenoid. Nitrogen starvation promoted more cellular lipid content than excess light, while excess light promoted carotenoid and polyunsaturated fatty acid accumulation. In the molecular level, the stresses redirected carbon skeletons into the central metabolite of pyruvate and oriented into starch and lipid as the primary and secondary carbon storage, respectively...
May 10, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771511/pd-nanoparticles-supported-on-cellulose-as-a-catalyst-for-vanillin-conversion-in-aqueous-media
#17
Dan-Dan Li, Jia-Wei Zhang, Chun Cai
Palladium nanoparticles were firstly anchored on modified biopolymer as an efficient catalyst for biofuel upgradation. Fluorinated compounds was grafted onto cellulose to obtain amphiphilic supports for on water reactions. Pd catalyst was prepared by straightforward deposition of metal nanoparticles on modified cellulose. The catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic activity and selectivity in hydrodeoxygenation of vanillin (a typical model compound of lignin) to 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol under atmospheric hydrogen pressure in neat water without any other additives under mild conditions...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771380/dbcan2-a-meta-server-for-automated-carbohydrate-active-enzyme-annotation
#18
Han Zhang, Tanner Yohe, Le Huang, Sarah Entwistle, Peizhi Wu, Zhenglu Yang, Peter K Busk, Ying Xu, Yanbin Yin
Complex carbohydrates of plants are the main food sources of animals and microbes, and serve as promising renewable feedstock for biofuel and biomaterial production. Carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZymes) are the most important enzymes for complex carbohydrate metabolism. With an increasing number of plant and plant-associated microbial genomes and metagenomes being sequenced, there is an urgent need of automatic tools for genomic data mining of CAZymes. We developed the dbCAN web server in 2012 to provide a public service for automated CAZyme annotation for newly sequenced genomes...
May 16, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769325/the-ancient-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-signaling-system-is-a-master-regulator-of-energy-and-carbon-metabolism-in-algae
#19
Rishiram Ramanan, Quynh-Giao Tran, Dae-Hyun Cho, Jae-Eun Jeong, Byung-Hyuk Kim, Sang-Yoon Shin, Sae-Hae Choi, Kwang-Hyeon Liu, Dae-Soo Kim, Seon-Jin Lee, Jose L Crespo, Hee-Gu Lee, Hee-Mock Oh, Hee-Sik Kim
Algae undergo a complete metabolic transformation under stress by arresting cell growth, inducing autophagy, and hyper-accumulating biofuel precursors such as triacylglycerols and starch. However, the regulatory mechanisms behind this stress-induced transformation are still unclear. Here, we use biochemical, mutational, and 'omics' approaches to demonstrate that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling mediates the homeostasis of energy molecules and influences carbon metabolism in algae. In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the inhibition and knockdown (KD) of algal class III PI3K led to significantly decreased cell growth, altered cell morphology, and higher lipid and starch contents...
May 16, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764205/production-of-oils-and-fats-by-oleaginous-microorganisms-with-an-emphasis-given-to-the-potential-of-the-nonconventional-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica
#20
E Carsanba, S Papanikolaou, H Erten
Recently, there has been a great upsurge of interest in studies related to several aspects of microbial lipid production, which is one of the top topics in relevant research fields due to the high demand of these fatty materials in food, medical, oleochemical and biofuel industries. Lipid accumulation by the so-called "oleaginous microorganisms" can generate more than 20% w/w of oil in dry biomass and is governed by a plethora of parameters, such as medium pH, incubation temperature, nutrient limitation and C/N (carbon/nitrogen) ratio, which drastically affect the lipid production bioprocess...
May 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
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