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In my mind

Marit Solbjør, Siri Forsmo, John-Arne Skolbekken, Volkert Siersma, John Brodersen
BACKGROUND: Mammography screening may cause psychosocial harm for women experiencing a false-positive screening result. Previous studies suggest long-term consequences. The aim of the present study was to assess psychosocial consequences of false-positive findings on screening mammography within a six month follow-up. METHODS: A prospective matched cohort survey study using the questionnaire 'Consequences of Screening for Breast Cancer' (COS-BC), which was translated from Danish to Norwegian...
October 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Kondou Aya, Haku Mari
The aim of this study was to clarify the experiences of husbands present at their wives' emergency cesarean sections. Semi-structured interviews were conducted for nine husbands who attended their wives' emergency cesarean sections. The results were analyzed using a qualitative inductive approach. Several categories such as [wife's labor pain will be unbearable if I look], [situation was beyond one's control], and [sense of relief experienced by midwife care] were extracted from the husbands' experiences the need for an emergency cesarean section was established...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Moé Kishida, Scherezade K Mama, Linda K Larkey, Steriani Elavsky
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was twofold: (1) to better understand how yoga practitioners perceive intra- and interpersonal outcomes of their yoga practice, and (2) to develop a conceptual model of yoga effects on intra- and interpersonal outcomes that may underlie the "relational" influences of yoga. DESIGN: As part of a larger study, 107 community-dwelling yoga practitioners (age M=41.2±15.9years) completed open-ended questions which asked questions focusing on whether yoga influences one's relationship to oneself and to others...
October 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Joseph J Fins
Sometimes one's greatest academic disappointments can have unexpected outcomes. This is especially true when one is trying to change career trajectories or do something that others did not take seriously. My path into neuroethics was an unexpected journey catalyzed in part by constructive disappointment and the disbelief of colleagues who thought that the work I was pursuing nearly two decades prior was a fool's errand. After all, could anyone-in his or her right mind-ever conceive of waking up a person unconscious from brain injury and getting him to speak? 1...
October 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Alan Dix
Points, lines and surfaces are the basic elements of Euclidean geometry. In this paper, accompanying a keynote at ICSC 2018, we will explore how, in physics, cognition and our lived experience, it is often better to think in terms of interconnected threads than an evolving state of the world now. In physics 'now' is an illusion, merely a convenient construction, each particle and person is more like an independent strand in space-time, and similarly, in our minds, strands of memories from different roles and contexts flow almost independently...
September 2018: Cognitive Processing
Felicity A Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Nikki Rickard, Peter New, Jennie Ponsford, Chantal Roddy, Young-Eun C Lee
Objectives: This pilot study examined how 15 participants in early rehabilitation described their self-composed Songs 6- to 12-months following participation in a 6-week identity-focused songwriting program. Specific focus was given to the process of meaning making and identity reconstruction in the participants' self-composed songs. Methods: Data were collected through individual semi-structured interviews ( n = 15) and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Findings were developed idiographically as super-ordinate themes unique to each participant, then analyzed across cases to identify recurrent themes and subthemes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Brooke G Rogers, Noelle A Mendez, Matthew J Mimiaga, Susan G Sherman, Elizabeth F Closson, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Ruth K Friedman, Mohammed Limbada, Ayana T Moore, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Kenneth H Mayer, Steven A Safren
PURPOSE: There have been significant biomedical improvements in the treatment and prevention of HIV over the past few decades. However, new transmissions continue to occur. Alcohol use is a known barrier to medication adherence and consistent condom use and therefore may affect treatment as prevention (TasP) efforts. The purpose of this study was to further explore how alcohol is associated with condom use and sexual transmission behavior in three international cities. METHOD: HIV Prevention Trials Network 063 was an observational mixed-methods study of HIV-infected patients currently in care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Lusaka, Zambia...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Anna Kipnis
More than ever, science is in the unenviable position of competing for the hearts and minds of the public against utterly false accounts of our world. These false accounts are often deeply spiritual, poetic, sublime - despite being false, they can leave a mark on the human imagination. It is difficult to convey scientific research in a way that leaves the audience with a comparable sense of awe or a personal connection to the subject matter. This is an area where games as a cultural form can offer some assistance and insight...
July 20, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
S C Barclay
Since 2015 the body known as NHS Improvement has published, and this year updated, its list of never events - defined as 'serious incidents that are entirely preventable because guidance or safety recommendations providing strong systemic protective barriers are available at a national level.' How this is interpreted, however, especially in dental terms, has been very poorly managed in my opinion, leading to the potential for increased risk of such events happening and raising anxiety levels among many colleagues, especially the newly qualified, and responses to them both at a local and national level potentially give the lie to the no-blame culture purported to exist within healthcare in the UK...
July 27, 2018: British Dental Journal
Neil MacRitchie, Pasquale Maffia
The hallmark features of atherosclerosis include accumulation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) carrying cholesterol in the vessel wall, formation of lipid-laden foam cells, and the creation of a pro-inflammatory microenvironment. To date, no effective treatments are clinically available for increasing cholesterol efflux from vascular macrophages and inducing reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). In an article published recently in Clinical Science (vol 132, issue 6, 1199-1213), Zhang and colleagues identified the extracellular matrix protein mindin/spondin 2 as a positive regulator of atherosclerosis...
July 31, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
Pablo Buitron de la Vega, Christopher Coe, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Jack A Clark, Katherine Waite, Maria Jose Sanchez, Emily Armstrong, Barbara G Bokhour
BACKGROUND: A patient's self-management of chronic disease is influenced in part by their explanatory model of illness (EMI) and daily lived experiences (DLE). Unfortunately, assessing patient's EMI and using this information to engage patients in chronic illness self-management continues to be a challenge. OBJECTIVE: "Health mind mapping" (HMM) is a novel process that captures a patient's EMI and DLE through the use of a graphic representation of ideas...
July 10, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Sofie Boldsen
Sensorimotor research is currently challenging the dominant understanding of autism as a deficit in the cognitive ability to 'mindread'. This marks an emerging shift in autism research from a focus on the structure and processes of the mind to a focus on autistic behavior as grounded in the body. Contemporary researchers in sensorimotor differences in autism call for a reconciliation between the scientific understanding of autism and the first-person experience of autistic individuals. I argue that fulfilling this ambition requires a phenomenological understanding of the body as it presents itself in ordinary experience, namely as the subject of experience rather than a physical object...
June 18, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Alison Searle
The relationship between pain as a physical and emotional experience and the concept of suffering as an essential aspect of sanctification for faithful believers was a paradoxical and pressing theological and phenomenological issue for puritan and non-conformist communities in 17th-century England. Pain allows the paradox of non-conformists' valorisation and suppression of corporeality to be explored due to its simultaneous impact on the mind and body and its tendency to leak across boundaries separating an individual believer from other members of their family or faith community...
June 2018: Medical Humanities
Curt Tribble Md
To paraphrase the lyrics of a song by Matchbox Twenty ("It's 3AM, I must be lonely"), it's 3 AM, I must be on a Lear jet. We're heading out to get a pair of lungs for a transplant. It's pitch black out tonight, and there's small rain falling. At least it's not ice or snow, which we've heard is falling to the north of us. I am glad that we'll be heading south on this run. These organ procurement runs tend to violate one of the basic safety rules of flying, which is to avoid, whenever possible, being required to fly...
June 8, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
Patrizia Fattoretti, Marco Malavolta, Paolo Fabbietti, Roberta Papa, Robertina Giacconi, Laura Costarelli, Roberta Galeazzi, Cristina Paoloni, Demetrio Postacchini, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Cinzia Giuli
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of oxidative stress have been associated with cognitive status in humans and have been proposed to guide prognosis/treatment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare oxidative stress status in the plasma of mild-moderate AD, MCI, and healthy elderly with normal cognition (HE) undergoing a non-pharmacological intervention including multi-modal cognitive training ("My Mind Project")...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
May 23, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Timothy P Daaleman
For several months I have been trying to tag a greyness that has shaded my doctoring. I was not burned out but uncovered the desert experience of mind and soul known as acedia, which is called the noonday demon because it vexes those in the mid-stages of life. Grappling with the noonday demon has upended all of my assumptions about the workings of hope in the practice of medicine. For me, hope is no longer the anticipation of a positive outcome, or the warm feeling associated with the validation of a correct diagnosis, or the conclusion of successful treatment...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Karl Friston
Is self-consciousness necessary for consciousness? The answer is yes. So there you have it-the answer is yes. This was my response to a question I was asked to address in a recent AEON piece ( What follows is based upon the notes for that essay, with a special focus on self-organization, self-evidencing and self-modeling. I will try to substantiate my (polemic) answer from the perspective of a physicist. In brief, the argument goes as follows: if we want to talk about creatures, like ourselves, then we have to identify the characteristic behaviors they must exhibit...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Dean P McKenzie, Marina G Downing, Jennie L Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common problems following traumatic brain injury (TBI), warranting routine screening. Self-report rating scales including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) are associated with depression and anxiety diagnoses in individuals with TBI. The relationship between individual HADS symptoms and structured clinical interview methods (SCID) requires further investigation, particularly in regard to identifying a small number of key items that can potentially be recognised by clinicians and carers of individuals with TBI...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Katrin Fabian, Josiah Fannoh, George G Washington, Wilfred B Geninyan, Bethuel Nyachienga, Garmai Cyrus, Joyce N Hallowanger, Jason Beste, Deepa Rao, Bradley H Wagenaar
The integration of culturally salient idioms of distress into mental healthcare delivery is essential for effective screening, diagnosis, and treatment. This study systematically explored idioms, explanatory models, and conceptualizations in Maryland County, Liberia to develop a culturally-resonant screening tool for mental distress. We employed a sequential mixed-methods process of: (1) free-lists and semi-structured interviews (n = 20); patient chart reviews (n = 315); (2) pile-sort exercises, (n = 31); and (3) confirmatory focus group discussions (FGDs); (n = 3) from June to December 2017...
September 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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