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panic AND disorder

Stephanie Jarvi Steele, Todd J Farchione, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Amantia Ametaj, Sophia Sbi, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether the Unified Protocol (UP), a transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (i.e., anxiety, mood, and related disorders), is efficacious in the treatment of co-occurring emotional disorders compared to established single disorder protocols (SDPs) that target specific disorders (e.g., panic disorder). METHOD: Participants included 179 adults seeking outpatient psychotherapy. Participant age ranged from 18 to 66 years, with an average of 30...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
E G Karam, G E Karam, C Farhat, L Itani, J Fayyad, A N Karam, Z Mneimneh, R Kessler, G Thornicroft
AimsTo investigate for the first time the determinants and barriers of seeking help for mental disorders in the Arab world based on a national study: Lebanese Evaluation of the Burden of Ailments and Needs Of the Nation (L.E.B.A.N.O.N). METHODS: A nationally representative (n = 2857) and multistage clustered area probability household sample of adults ≥18 years and older was assessed for lifetime and 12 months mental disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. In addition, detailed information was obtained on help- seeking behaviour and barriers to treatment...
August 13, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Anja Schaich, Anna L Westermair, Matthias Munz, Stefan Nitsche, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Psychological problems are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are associated with poor outcome. However, data on the prevalence of distinct mental disorders and their relevance to patients' functioning in daily life are scarce. Method: In this retrospective study, a total of 514 German patients with CAD as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0.0 (M.I.N.I.) and psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Diana Riđić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Katherine E Williams, Hristina Koleva
Anxiety disorders in the peripartum period are common and frequently overlooked. They can present de novo or as exacerbations of generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder and social anxiety disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder. Calculating a score on the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale is a useful method of screening for these disorders while also screening for perinatal depression. Treatment includes psychotherapy, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy, and antidepressants, the choice of which should be balanced between the severity of symptoms and impact of functioning, risks of untreated illness, and the risks associated with the use of medications in pregnancy and lactation...
September 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Fulei Geng, Yingxin Liang, Xuliang Shi, Fang Fan
Natural disaster exposure is associated with increased risk of mental health problems. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, course, and risk factors of probable psychiatric disorders among 1,573 adolescents following the May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, panic disorder (PD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), social phobia (SP), conduct disorder (CD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were assessed at 6 and 18 months postearthquake using a battery of standardized measures...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Martin Kraepelien, Erik Forsell, Eyal Karin, Robert Johansson, Nils Lindefors, Viktor Kaldo
Disorder-specific internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) is effective for depression, panic disorder and social anxiety. In this benchmarking study, a new, individually tailored, ICBT programme (TAIL) showed effects on depression ( n = 284, d = 1.33) that were non-inferior to disorder-specific ICBT for depression in routine care ( n = 2358, d = 1.35). However, the hypotheses that TAIL for individuals with social anxiety or panic disorder is inferior to disorder-specific ICBT could not be rejected (social anxiety: TAIL d = 0...
July 2018: BJPsych Open
Kenneth R Kaufman, Melissa Coluccio, Michelle Linke, Elizabeth Noonan, Ronke Babalola, Rehan Aziz
Background: Sexual dysfunctions are associated with multiple medical and psychiatric disorders, as well as pharmacotherapies used to treat these disorders. Although sexual dysfunctions negatively affect both quality of life and treatment adherence, patients infrequently volunteer these symptoms and clinicians do not pose directed questions to determine their presence or severity. This issue is especially important in psychiatric patients, for whom most common psychotropics may cause sexual dysfunctions (antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics and mood-stabilising agents)...
July 2018: BJPsych Open
Katie Runyon, Steven R Chesnut, Hansel Burley
BACKGROUND: The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) is a commonly used instrument that evaluates anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents. METHODS: This meta-analysis examined the psychometric properties of the SCARED instrument, including total instrument and subscale internal reliabilities for the parent and child versions, test-retest reliabilities, and the extent to which responses from the parent version correspond with responses from the child version...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ovsanna Leyfer, Aubrey Carpenter, Donna Pincus
Panic disorder (PD) can result in significant functional impairment. Studies of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for PD have demonstrated response rates ranging between 38 and 65%. D-cycloserine (DCS), a partial NMDA agonist, may enhance the effects of exposure-based therapy for PD in adults; however, no studies have examined its effect in adolescents with PD. This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of the use of DCS to augment intensive CBT for PD in adolescents. Twenty-four adolescents (ages 12-17) participated in this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, to compare CBT + DCS to CBT + placebo...
August 4, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Takeshi Asami, Masao Takaishi, Ryota Nakamura, Haruhisa Yoshida, Asuka Yoshimi, Thomas J Whitford, Tomio Inoue, Yoshio Hirayasu
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder (PD), an anxiety disorder characterized by the recurrence of panic attacks, has been reported to be associated with volumetric changes in several brain regions. There are, however, very few studies investigating abnormalities in cortical thickness, and little is known about the relationship between cortical thickness and social dysfunction in PD. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with PD and 38 healthy control participants (HC) were recruited for this study...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
E Morales-Raveendran, E Goodman, E West, J E Cone, C Katz, J Weiss, J M Feldman, D Harrison, S Markowitz, Alex Federman, J P Wisnivesky
OBJECTIVE: There is limited information regarding asthma triggers in World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers or how mental health conditions affect the perception of triggers. METHODS: We included 372 WTC workers with asthma. The Asthma Trigger Inventory (ATI) assessed triggers along five domains: psychological, allergens, physical activity, infection, and pollution. We administered the Structured Clinical Interview to diagnose post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression and panic disorder (PD)...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Claire Brutocao, Feras Zaiem, Mouaz Alsawas, Allison S Morrow, M Hassan Murad, Asma Javed
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder affecting up to 15% of women in the reproductive age. Prior studies suggest that PCOS can be associated with mood and psychiatric disorders. The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of any psychiatric disorder in women with PCOS. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus through February 08, 2017 for studies that examined the prevalence of any psychiatric disorder in adolescents or adults with a clinical or biochemical diagnosis of PCOS...
July 31, 2018: Endocrine
Daniela Caldirola, Alessandra Alciati, Alice Riva, Giampaolo Perna
Several effective medications are available for treating panic disorder (PD). However, outcomes are unsatisfactory in a number of patients, suggesting the usefulness of expanding the array of antipanic drugs and improving the quality of response to current recommended treatments. Areas covered: The authors have performed an updated systematic review of pharmacological studies (phase III onwards) to examine whether advances have been made in the last five years. Only four studies were included. D-cycloserine no longer seemed promising as a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) enhancer...
July 31, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
E A Korabelnikova
The most frequent among the symptoms and syndromes, which are comorbid to panic disorder, are sleep disorders, primarily, insomnia, persisting in 60-80% of patients in this category. Panic disorder and insomnia have bilateral relationships. On one hand, there is a clear correlation between disease severity and accompanying sleep disorders. On the other, the conditionality of sleep disturbances with pathological anxiety has been demonstrated. Treatment of insomnia in panic disorder includes a set of measures aimed at harmonizing the emotional state and stopping insomnia as a syndrome...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Rachel A Schwartz, Dianne L Chambless, Kevin S McCarthy, Barbara Milrod, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how therapy processes relate to outcome in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder (PD). This study examined whether client resistance predicts CBT for PD outcomes beyond the effects of established pre-treatment predictors. A secondary aim was to assess the consistency of resistance over treatment. METHOD: Data were from 71 adults participating in up to 24 biweekly sessions of CBT in a randomized controlled trial. Panic severity was assessed before, during (at Weeks 1, 5, and 9), and at termination of treatment (Week 12) using the Panic Disorder Severity Scale...
July 26, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Aaron Kandola, Davy Vancampfort, Matthew Herring, Amanda Rebar, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to provide a comprehensive narrative review of the relationship between physical activity (PA) and anxiety and the rationale for including it as a treatment option for anxiety disorders. Several gaps in the literature are highlighted alongside recommendations for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: PA in the general population has established efficacy in preventing and managing cardiovascular disease and improving wellbeing...
July 24, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Antonette Scavone, Vanessa Timmins, Jordan Collins, Brenda Swampillai, Trehani M Fonseka, Dwight Newton, Melanie Naiberg, Rachel Mitchell, Athena Ko, Joshua Shapiro, Katelyn Collinger, Carolyn Boulos, Benjamin I Goldstein
Objectives: Despite increasing evidence of excessive substance use disorder (SUD) prevalence among adolescents with bipolar disorder (BP), little is known about this topic among Canadian adolescents with BP. We therefore sought to examine the clinical characteristics and dimensional measures of psychopathology associated with comorbid SUD among Canadian BP adolescents. Method: Participants were 100 adolescents, ages 13-19 years, with BP I, II, or not otherwise specified (NOS)...
August 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Jennifer A Born, Mark A Zamorski
PURPOSE: Mental health problems are prevalent after combat; they are also common in its absence. Estimates of deployment-attributability vary. This paper quantifies the contribution of different subtypes of occupational trauma to post-deployment mental health problems. METHODS: Participants were a cohort of 16,193 Canadian personnel undergoing post-deployment mental health screening after return from the mission in Afghanistan. The screening questionnaire assessed post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and exposure to 30 potentially traumatic deployment experiences...
July 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ghazal Zahed, Marjan Shakiba, Kimia Seifi
Objective: As there were a few studies on the mental disorders resulting from diabetes in children, this study aimed at investigating the prevalence of psychological disorders among children. Materials & Methods: We enrolled 323 children with diabetes type 1 aged 5-12 yr old referring to Endocrinology Clinic of Mofid Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2014-2015. In addition, 317 healthy children were considered as control group. The materials used for data analysis were information form and questionnaire CSI-4 filled out by their parents...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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