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Diet and mood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086685/comparison-of-phase-2-cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-between-patients-after-transcatheter-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
Hafiz M Imran, Muhammad Baig, Marjan Mujib, Charles Beale, Arlene Gaw, Loren Stabile, Nishant R Shah, Paul C Gordon, Wen-Chih Wu
Background Referral rates and outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation have not been evaluated in patients with transcatheter aortic valve replacement or compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. Method A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 488 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( n = 199) and surgical aortic valve replacement ( n = 289) from a university-based statewide transcatheter aortic valve replacement/surgical aortic valve replacement program during 2015-2017...
August 8, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075165/ketogenic-diet-as-a-metabolic-therapy-for-mood-disorders-evidence-and-developments
#2
REVIEW
Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo B Mansur, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Vicent Balanzá Martinez, Maj Vinberg, Ana González-Pinto, Joshua D Rosenblat, Roger Ho, Roger S McIntyre
Despite significant advances in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, mood disorders remain a significant source of mental capital loss, with high rates of treatment resistance, requiring a coordinated effort in investigation and development of efficient, tolerable and accessible novel interventions. Ketogenic diet (KD) is a low-carb diet that substantially changes the energetic matrix of the body including the brain. It has been established as an effective anticonvulsant treatment, and more recently, the role of KD for mental disorders has been explored...
July 31, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028276/principal-component-analysis-identifies-differential-gender-specific-dietary-patterns-that-may-be-linked-to-mental-distress-in-human-adults
#3
Lina Begdache, Hamed Kianmehr, Nasim Sabounchi, Maher Chaar, Jade Marhaba
Independent reports describe the structural differences between the human male and female brains and the differential gender-susceptibility to mood disorders. Nutrition is one of the modifiable risk factors that has been reported to impact brain chemistry and affect mental health. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary patterns in adult men and women in relation to mental distress. Another aim was to develop evidence-based prototypes using System Dynamic Modeling methodology to better describe our findings...
July 20, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013751/an-exploration-into-the-motivation-for-gluten-avoidance-in-the-absence-of-coeliac-disease
#4
Lucy Harper, Justine Bold
Aim: To explore the motivation for gluten avoidance in the absence of coeliac disease (CD) and ascertain what symptoms are triggered by gluten and what beliefs/reasons influence this decision. Background: Links between physical/psychological symptoms and gluten in CD are well known but less is known about those who self-select a gluten-free diet (GFD) in the absence of CD. Methods: An empirical study using responses to an anonymous on-line questionnaire...
2018: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012180/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-associated-with-hypocaloric-diet-on-weight-loss-and-metabolic-profile-in-overweight-or-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Carina de Araujo, Raquel Crespo Fitz, Daniela Albugeri Nogara, Pedro Schestatsky, Fernando Gerchman
BACKGROUND: Dietary interventions have limited success in promoting sustainable weight loss; new treatments allowing better compliance with hypocaloric diets should be developed. The aim of this trial is to describe the effects of a protocol combining repetitive active transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with a hypocaloric diet on weight loss and food consumption in overweight or obese adults. METHODS/DESIGN: Overweight or obese adults between 20 and 50 years of age with stable weight over the last 4 months will be selected for a 4-week randomized clinical trial of fixed-dose tDCS (20 sessions; 5 consecutive weekdays/wk, 2 mA, 20 minutes) over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex associated with a weight loss diet...
July 16, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985786/a-review-of-dietary-and-microbial-connections-to-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#6
Andrew M Taylor, Hannah D Holscher
OBJECTIVE: Pre-clinical evidence suggests that the gastrointestinal microbiota contributes to mood and behavior disorders. Among humans, diet quality and patterns, which also impact the gastrointestinal microbiota, have been linked to depression, anxiety, and stress. This review summarizes findings from clinical studies using dietary intervention to improve depression, anxiety, or stress and the role the gastrointestinal microbiota may have in these disorders. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the keywords microbiome, microbiota, depression, anxiety, stress, diet, dietary pattern, diet quality, fiber, prebiotics, probiotics, and mood...
July 9, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951312/the-effect-of-medium-chain-triglycerides-on-time-to-nutritional-ketosis-and-symptoms-of-keto-induction-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Cliff J D C Harvey, Grant M Schofield, Micalla Williden, Joseph A McQuillan
Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are ketogenic and might reduce adverse effects of keto-induction and improve time to ketosis and the tolerability of very low carbohydrate diets. This study investigates whether MCT supplementation improves time to nutritional ketosis (NK), mood, and symptoms of keto-induction. We compared changes in beta-hydroxybutyrate (BOHB), blood glucose, symptoms of keto-induction, and mood disturbance, in 28 healthy adults prescribed a ketogenic diet, randomised to receive either 30 ml of MCT, or sunflower oil as a control, three times per day, for 20 days...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946266/are-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-implicated-in-histaminergic-dysregulation-in-bipolar-disorder-an-hypothesis
#8
REVIEW
María E Riveros, Mauricio A Retamal
Bipolar disorder (BD) is an extremely disabling psychiatric disease, characterized by alternate states of mania (or hypomania) and depression with euthymic states in between. Currently, patients receive pharmacological treatment with mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants. Unfortunately, not all patients respond well to this type of treatment. Bipolar patients are also more prone to heart and metabolic diseases as well as a higher risk of suicide compared to the healthy population. For a correct brain function is indispensable a right protein and lipids (e...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936022/an-investigation-of-relationships-between-disordered-eating-behaviors-weight-shape-overvaluation-and-mood-in-the-general-population
#9
Felipe Q da Luz, Amanda Sainsbury, Haider Mannan, Stephen Touyz, Deborah Mitchison, Federico Girosi, Phillipa Hay
Disordered eating behaviors and cognitions have been extensively examined in samples of individuals with eating disorders, as well as in non-clinical samples. However, such examinations are lacking in the general population. We investigated disordered eating behaviors and cognitions in a community representative sample of 6052 participants in South Australia, aged 15-99 years. Participants were interviewed regarding weight/shape overvaluation, strict dieting, binge eating, purging, low mood and body mass index (BMI)...
June 21, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897029/magnesium-and-mood-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Danny Phelan, Patricio Molero, Miguel A Martínez-González, Marc Molendijk
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg2+) has received considerable attention with regards to its potential role in the pathophysiology of the mood disorders, but the available evidence seems inconclusive.AimsTo review and quantitatively summarise the human literature on Mg2+ intake and Mg2+ blood levels in the mood disorders and the effects of Mg2+ supplements on mood. METHOD: Systematic review and meta-analyses. RESULTS: Adherence to a Mg2+-rich diet was negatively associated with depression in cross-sectional (odds ratio = 0...
July 2018: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882843/a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-study-to-compare-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-enhanced-wild-blueberry-powder-and-wild-blueberry-extract-thinkblue%C3%A2-in-maintenance-of-episodic-and-working-memory-in-older-adults
#11
Adrian R Whyte, Nancy Cheng, Emilie Fromentin, Claire M Williams
Previous research has shown beneficial effects of polyphenol-rich diets in ameliorating cognitive decline in aging adults. Here, using a randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled chronic intervention, we investigated the effect of two proprietary blueberry formulations on cognitive performance in older adults; a whole wild blueberry powder at 500 mg (WBP500) and 1000 mg (WBP1000) and a purified extract at 100 mg (WBE111). One hundred and twenty-two older adults (65⁻80 years) were randomly allocated to a 6-month, daily regimen of either placebo or one of the three interventions...
May 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860630/effects-of-2-day-calorie-restriction-on-cardiovascular-autonomic-response-mood-and-cognitive-and-motor-functions-in-obese-young-adult-women
#12
Rima Solianik, Artūras Sujeta, Agnė Čekanauskaitė
Although long-term energy restriction has been widely investigated and has consistently induced improvements in health and cognitive and motor functions, the responses to short-duration calorie restriction are not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 2-day very low-calorie diet on evoked stress, mood, and cognitive and motor functions in obese women. Nine obese women (body fatness > 32%) aged 22-31 years were tested under two randomly allocated conditions: 2-day very low-calorie diet (511 kcal) and 2-day usual diet...
August 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794261/-when-i-feel-the-worst-pain-i-look-like-shit-body-image-concerns-in-persistent-pain
#13
Oliver Sündermann, Karin Rydberg, Ludwig Linder, Steven James Linton
Background and aims Persistent pain is a pervasive condition that is often associated with a distorted body image. Most research into pain and body image investigated neural or physiological correlates (e.g. phantom limb pain), and much less is known about the psychological experience of body image changes in response to pain such as appearance concerns. The aim was to examine body image concerns in people with persistent pain, in particular appearance concerns and related coping behaviours and appearance-related emotions such as anger and shame...
July 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766837/diet-quality-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-no-cross-sectional-or-prospective-associations-following-adjustment-for-covariates
#14
Eleanor M Winpenny, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Martin White, Esther Mf van Sluijs, Ian M Goodyer
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a critical period for development of depression and understanding of behavioural risk factors is needed to support appropriate preventive strategies. We examined associations between adolescent diet quality and depressive symptoms, cross-sectionally and prospectively, in a large community cohort, adjusting for behavioural and psychosocial covariates. DESIGN: Prospective community-based cohort study (ROOTS). SETTING: Secondary schools in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, UK...
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752710/inflammation-in-psychiatric-disorders-what-comes-first
#15
REVIEW
Moisés E Bauer, Antonio L Teixeira
Neuropsychiatric disorders (i.e., mood disorders and schizophrenia) and inflammation are closely intertwined, and possibly powering each other in a bidirectional loop. Depression facilitates inflammatory reactions and inflammation promotes depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Patients with neuropsychiatric disorders exhibit all cardinal features of inflammation, including increased circulating levels of inflammatory inducers, activated sensors, and inflammatory mediators targeting all tissues. Inflammation may contribute to the pathophysiology and clinical progression of these disorders...
May 11, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748817/the-role-of-the-microbiome-for-human-health-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#16
M Hasan Mohajeri, Robert J M Brummer, Robert A Rastall, Rinse K Weersma, Hermie J M Harmsen, Marijke Faas, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The 2017 annual symposium organized by the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands focused on the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Experts from academia and industry examined interactions of prebiotics, probiotics, or vitamins with the gut microbiome in health and disease, the development of the microbiome in early-life and the role of the microbiome on the gut-brain axis. The gut microbiota changes dramatically during pregnancy and intrinsic factors (such as stress), in addition to extrinsic factors (such as diet, and drugs) influence the composition and activity of the gut microbiome throughout life...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692896/literary-reading-and-eating-disorders-survey-evidence-of-therapeutic-help-and-harm
#17
Emily T Troscianko
Background: There is growing evidence for the efficacy of self-help bibliotherapy as a treatment for eating disorders, although little understanding of how specific linguistic characteristics may enhance or constrain its effects. Meanwhile, 'creative bibliotherapy' (the therapeutic use of fiction, poetry, or sometimes film, rather than self-help books) is widely practised, but even more poorly understood than the self-help variety: although a range of theoretical models exist, claims of the healing power of literature are far more commonly made than tested...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615850/interplay-between-the-gut-brain-axis-obesity-and-cognitive-function
#18
REVIEW
Ana Agustí, Maria P García-Pardo, Inmaculada López-Almela, Isabel Campillo, Michael Maes, Marina Romaní-Pérez, Yolanda Sanz
Obesity continues to be one of the major public health problems due to its high prevalence and co-morbidities. Common co-morbidities not only include cardiometabolic disorders but also mood and cognitive disorders. Obese subjects often show deficits in memory, learning and executive functions compared to normal weight subjects. Epidemiological studies also indicate that obesity is associated with a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety, and vice versa . These associations between pathologies that presumably have different etiologies suggest shared pathological mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569462/conceptualizing-obesity-as-a-chronic-disease-an-interview-with-dr-arya-sharma
#19
Arya M Sharma, Donna L Goodwin, Janice Causgrove Dunn
Dr. Arya M. Sharma challenges the conventional wisdom of relying simply on "lifestyle" approaches involving exercise, diet, and behavioral interventions for managing obesity, suggesting that people living with obesity should receive comprehensive medical interventions similar to the approach taken for other chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes or hypertension. He purports that the stigma-inducing focus on self-failing (e.g., coping through food, laziness, lack of self-regulation) does not address biological processes that make obesity a lifelong problem for which there is no easy solution...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520738/tetrahydrobiopterin-treatment-reduces-brain-l-phe-but-only-partially-improves-serotonin-in-hyperphenylalaninemic-enu1-2-mice
#20
Tanja Scherer, Gabriella Allegri, Christineh N Sarkissian, Ming Ying, Hiu Man Grisch-Chan, Anahita Rassi, Shelley R Winn, Cary O Harding, Aurora Martinez, Beat Thöny
Hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) caused by hepatic phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency has severe consequences on brain monoamine neurotransmitter metabolism. We have studied monoamine neurotransmitter status and the effect of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4 ) treatment in Pahenu1/enu2 (ENU1/2) mice, a model of partial PAH deficiency. These mice exhibit elevated blood L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) concentrations similar to that of mild hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA), but brain levels of L-Phe are still ~5-fold elevated compared to wild-type...
July 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
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