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Diet and mood

Iris Palma Lopes, Victor Barbosa Ribeiro, Rosana Maria Reis, Rafael Costa Silva, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Gislaine Satyko Kogure, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, anthropometric changes (increased weight and waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]), behavioral changes (sexual dysfunction, anxiety, and depression), and reduced quality of life. Physical exercise may reduce many of the adverse effects of PCOS. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise on the sexual function of women with PCOS. AIM: To compare the effects of continuous and intermittent aerobic physical training on the sexual function and mood of women with PCOS...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Ika Fidianingsih, Nur Aisyah Jamil, Russy Novita Andriani, Wira Muhammad Rindra
Background A high prevalence of anxiety in the elderly often leads to decreased quality of life (QOL). A restrictive diet can increase the production of ketone bodies that encourage mood enhancement, neural protection and pain reduction. This study aimed to identify whether Dawood fasting could increase the QOL of the elderly by reducing anxiety. Methods This research was a quasi-experimental study involving a pretest-post-test control group design. The subjects were pre-elderly and elderly or healthy people aged more than 50, and a consecutive sampling method was employed...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson, Annelise Madison
Couples influence each other's mental and physical health. This review focuses on how couples' relationships, the partners' individual and joint vulnerabilities, and their health behaviors influence health through changes in the gut microbiota, metabolism, and immune function. Couples' shared stressors and emotions and their intertwined lifestyles and routines serve to promote common disease risks in part through parallel changes in their gut microbiotas. Marital discord, stress, and depression have strong bidirectional links, fueling one another...
October 10, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Benjamin Lebwohl, Qi Chen, Gabriella Bröms, Randi L Wolf, Peter H R Green, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease has been linked to anxiety and depression. However, their association with mucosal healing is unknown. AIM: To examine the relationship between anxiety, depression and mucosal healing in coeliac disease. METHODS: Between 1969 and 2008, we collected data on all small intestinal biopsies with villous atrophy from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. We restricted our cohort to individuals with data on follow-up biopsy (either persistent villous atrophy [n = 3317] or mucosal healing [n = 4331])...
October 4, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Wioleta Zysk, Dominika Głąbska, Dominika Guzek
The gluten-free diet is effective in the majority of celiac disease (CD) patients, but it is burdensome and may influence quality of life (QoL). The aim of the study was to analyze the social and emotional fears and worries influencing the QoL of female CD patients following a gluten-free (GF) diet, as well as to indicate the sociodemographic interfering factors. The study was conducted on a group of 251 female CD patients, while emotional, social and worries subscales of the Celiac Disease Questionnaire (CDQ) were applied, as well as purchase-related emotions and behaviors were assessed...
October 3, 2018: Nutrients
Dawn Lemanne, Victoria Maizes
A majority of women undergoing conventional treatment for breast cancer also undertake complementary and integrative approaches. Practitioners knowledgeable about the evidence base behind common integrative approaches can help patients attain improved quality of life, and at times, improved survival. Evidence-based recommendations include the following: a plant-based diet for general health after diagnosis, and carbohydrate restriction for patients with estrogen receptor-positive postmenopausal breast cancer may be prudent...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Karina Colonetti, Luiz Fernando Roesch, Ida Vanessa Doederlein Schwartz
Research into the influence of the microbiome on the human body has been shedding new light on diseases long known to be multifactorial, such as obesity, mood disorders, autism, and inflammatory bowel disease. Although inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are monogenic diseases, genotype alone is not enough to explain the wide phenotypic variability observed in patients with these conditions. Genetics and diet exert a strong influence on the microbiome, and diet is used (alone or as an adjuvant) in the treatment of many IEMs...
July 2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Ana P S Dornellas, Valter T Boldarine, Amanda P Pedroso, Lorenza O T Carvalho, Iracema S de Andrade, Tânia M Vulcani-Freitas, Carla C C Dos Santos, Cláudia M da Penha Oller do Nascimento, Lila M Oyama, Eliane B Ribeiro
Menopause-induced changes may include increased incidence of both depression/anxiety and obesity. We hypothesized that behavioral changes that may develop after ovarian failure could be related to neurochemical and metabolic aspects affected by this condition and that high-fat intake may influence these associations. The present study investigated in rats the effects of ovariectomy, either alone or combined with high-fat diets enriched with either lard or fish-oil, on metabolic, behavioral and monoaminergic statuses, and on gene expression of neuropeptides and receptors involved in energy balance and mood regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
Eating meat is deeply entrenched in Western culture. It is often associated with wealth and a highly nutritional diet; and for many people it is also an established habit that is difficult to change. The second half of the 20th century was a period of rapid growth in meat consumption, which resulted in intensified meat production. At the same time, eating meat has recently become subject to criticism for health-related, environmental or humanitarian reasons. This review aims to signal the potential consequences of a change of diet or switching to diets that are rich/poor in certain ingredients on the functioning of the hormonal and nervous system, which translates into changes in mood and behavior...
September 14, 2018: Nutrients
Ennio Avolio, Gilda Fazzari, Merylin Zizza, Antonino De Lorenzo, Laura Di Renzo, Raffaella Alò, Rosa Maria Facciolo, Marcello Canonaco
Emerging studies are beginning to suggest that emotional states together with healthful measures constitute pertinent features of our lifestyle in which bad eating habits but more importantly what our gut has to host are causing great concern. It is well known that humans have established mutual relationships with a wide array of colonized microbes (collectively called gut microbiota) consisting of bacteria, fungi, eukaryotic parasites and viruses. The gut microbiota has exhibited a notable ability of communicating with the brain via a two-way system that includes the vagus nerve, immune sites, and a number of neurotransmitters...
January 1, 2019: Behavioural Brain Research
Rui Lopes, Raquel Melo, Bernardo Dias Pereira
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is a recently proposed eating disordered behaviour characterized by an obsessional or exaggerated fixation on healthy eating. The published literature is scarce regarding its classification, clinical presentation, management and long-term outcomes. Herein, we present the clinical and follow-up findings of an 18-year-old woman with ON comorbid with depression, successfully treated with mirtazapine. The patient had a 12-month history of obsessional behaviours for "healthy food", characterized by suppression of sugar and fat from her diet, tightly counted meal calorie content, eating only self-made meals, avoidance of eating in public, unacceptance of other person's opinions on diet, social isolation and a weight loss of 15 kg (body mass index of 16...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Iñigo Mujika
The aim of this case study was to report on the performance outcomes and subjective assessments of long-term low carbohydrate, high fat (LCHF) diet in a world-class long-distance triathlete who had been suffering from GI distress in Ironman competition. The lacto-ovo vegetarian athlete (age 39 y; height 179 cm; usual racing body mass 75 kg, sum of 7 skinfolds 36 mm) changed his usual high CHO availability (HCHO) diet to a LCHF diet for 32 weeks (~95% compliance). He participated in 3 professional races while on the LCHF diet, but acutely restored CHO availability by consuming CHO in the pre-event meals and during the race as advised...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Jane Bowen, Emily Brindal, Genevieve James-Martin, Manny Noakes
Higher-protein diets, meal replacements, and greater early weight loss have separately been associated with greater weight loss. We compared a high-protein, meal replacement program with daily energy restriction (DER) to one which provided greater energy restriction adding alternate day fasting (ADF + DER; alternating days of modified-fasting and DER plus 1 ad libitum day/week) on retention, weight loss, physiological, nutritional, and behavioral markers. Participants were randomized to ADF + DER or DER for 16 weeks ( n = 162, age 40 ± 8 years BMI 36 ± 6 kg/m² (Mean ± SD)) plus 8 weeks weight maintenance...
August 23, 2018: Nutrients
Hafiz M Imran, Muhammad Baig, Marjan Mujib, Charles Beale, Arlene Gaw, Loren Stabile, Nishant R Shah, Paul C Gordon, Wen-Chih Wu
Background Referral rates and outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation have not been evaluated in patients with transcatheter aortic valve replacement or compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. Method A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 488 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( n = 199) and surgical aortic valve replacement ( n = 289) from a university-based statewide transcatheter aortic valve replacement/surgical aortic valve replacement program during 2015-2017...
August 8, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo B Mansur, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Maj Vinberg, Ana González-Pinto, Joshua D Rosenblat, Roger Ho, Roger S McIntyre
Despite significant advances in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, mood disorders remain a significant source of mental capital loss, with high rates of treatment resistance, requiring a coordinated effort in investigation and development of efficient, tolerable and accessible novel interventions. Ketogenic diet (KD) is a low-carb diet that substantially changes the energetic matrix of the body including the brain. It has been established as an effective anticonvulsant treatment, and more recently, the role of KD for mental disorders has been explored...
November 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Lina Begdache, Hamed Kianmehr, Nasim Sabounchi, Maher Chaar, Jade Marhaba
Independent reports describe the structural differences between the human male and female brains and the differential gender-susceptibility to mood disorders. Nutrition is one of the modifiable risk factors that has been reported to impact brain chemistry and affect mental health. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary patterns in adult men and women in relation to mental distress. Another aim was to develop evidence-based prototypes using System Dynamic Modeling methodology to better describe our findings...
July 20, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Lucy Harper, Justine Bold
Aim: To explore the motivation for gluten avoidance in the absence of coeliac disease (CD) and ascertain what symptoms are triggered by gluten and what beliefs/reasons influence this decision. Background: Links between physical/psychological symptoms and gluten in CD are well known but less is known about those who self-select a gluten-free diet (GFD) in the absence of CD. Methods: An empirical study using responses to an anonymous on-line questionnaire...
2018: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Carina de Araujo, Raquel Crespo Fitz, Daniela Albugeri Nogara, Pedro Schestatsky, Fernando Gerchman
BACKGROUND: Dietary interventions have limited success in promoting sustainable weight loss; new treatments allowing better compliance with hypocaloric diets should be developed. The aim of this trial is to describe the effects of a protocol combining repetitive active transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with a hypocaloric diet on weight loss and food consumption in overweight or obese adults. METHODS/DESIGN: Overweight or obese adults between 20 and 50 years of age with stable weight over the last 4 months will be selected for a 4-week randomized clinical trial of fixed-dose tDCS (20 sessions; 5 consecutive weekdays/wk, 2 mA, 20 minutes) over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex associated with a weight loss diet...
July 16, 2018: Trials
Andrew M Taylor, Hannah D Holscher
OBJECTIVE: Pre-clinical evidence suggests that the gastrointestinal microbiota contributes to mood and behavior disorders. Among humans, diet quality and patterns, which also impact the gastrointestinal microbiota, have been linked to depression, anxiety, and stress. This review summarizes findings from clinical studies using dietary intervention to improve depression, anxiety, or stress and the role the gastrointestinal microbiota may have in these disorders. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the keywords microbiome, microbiota, depression, anxiety, stress, diet, dietary pattern, diet quality, fiber, prebiotics, probiotics, and mood...
July 9, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Cliff J D C Harvey, Grant M Schofield, Micalla Williden, Joseph A McQuillan
Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are ketogenic and might reduce adverse effects of keto-induction and improve time to ketosis and the tolerability of very low carbohydrate diets. This study investigates whether MCT supplementation improves time to nutritional ketosis (NK), mood, and symptoms of keto-induction. We compared changes in beta-hydroxybutyrate (BOHB), blood glucose, symptoms of keto-induction, and mood disturbance, in 28 healthy adults prescribed a ketogenic diet, randomised to receive either 30 ml of MCT, or sunflower oil as a control, three times per day, for 20 days...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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