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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103263/treatments-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-overview-of-cochrane-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102352/growth-performance-organ-weights-and-blood-parameters-of-nursery-pigs-fed-diets-containing-increasing-levels-of-cold-pressed-canola-cake
#2
J W Lee, T A Woyengo
Oilseed cakes have high oil content, and thus their inclusion in swine can lead to reduced dietary inclusion of oil, and hence reduced cost of feed. An experiment was conducted to determine effects of including Brassica napus-derived cold-pressed canola cake (CPCC) in diets for nursery pigs on growth performance, organ weights relative to live body weight (BW), and blood parameters. A total of 160 pigs (initial BW: 7.8 ± 0.9 kg), which had been weaned at 21 d of age were housed in 40 pens (4 pigs/pen) and fed 4 diets (10 pens/diet) in a randomized complete block design for 35 d...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099108/functional-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-challenge
#3
REVIEW
Jean-Frederic Colombel, Andrea Shin, Peter R Gibson
DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this clinical practice update review is to describe key principles in the diagnosis and management of functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The evidence and best practices summarized in this manuscript are based on relevant scientific publications, systematic reviews, and expert opinion where applicable. BEST PRACTICE ADVICE 1: A stepwise approach to rule-out ongoing inflammatory activity should be followed in IBD patients with persistent GI symptoms (measurement of fecal calprotectin, endoscopy with biopsy, cross-sectional imaging)...
August 9, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097911/sleep-quality-as-predictor-of-bmi-in-non-depressed-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#4
Stefano Eleuteri, Maria C Norton, Federica Livi, Caterina Grano, Paolo Falaschi, Cristiano Violani, Fabio Lucidi, Caterina Lombardo
PURPOSE: Although most cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of children and adolescents have found a link between short duration of sleep and obesity, the literature related to adults provides a non-consensual framework. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sleep quality and BMI in a population of caregivers looking after people suffering from dementia, with a view to identifying the moderating role of depressive symptoms in the relationship between sleep problems and BMI...
August 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096779/wine-an-aspiring-agent-in-promoting-longevity-and-preventing-chronic-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Eleni Pavlidou, Maria Mantzorou, Aristeidis Fasoulas, Christina Tryfonos, Dimitris Petridis, Constantinos Giaginis
INTRODUCTION: Moderate wine consumption is a characteristic of the Mediterranean diet. Studies around the world have shown a beneficial effect of moderate alcohol intake, especially wine, on health. This review aims to critically summarise the most recent studies that investigate the beneficial effects of moderate wine intake on human health. METHODS: The PubMed database was comprehensively searched to identify trials published from 2013 to 2018 that investigated the association between moderate wine consumption and health...
August 8, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090583/prenatal-food-restriction-induces-neurobehavioral-abnormalities-in-adult-female-offspring-rats-and-alters-intrauterine-programming
#6
Bo He, Dan Xu, Chong Zhang, Li Zhang, Hui Wang
The higher risk of adult neuropsychiatric diseases in individuals with low fetal birth weight may be related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling pathway inhibition. Here, we investigated whether prenatal food restriction (PFR) induces neurobehavioral alterations in adult female offspring and explored the underlying intrauterine programming mechanism. Pregnant Wistar rats in the PFR group were fed 50% of the daily food intake of control rats from gestational day (GD) 11 to 20; some pregnant rats were sacrificed at GD20, and the remaining female pups had normal delivery and were fed a post-weaning high-fat diet (HFD) and half of them were exposed to an unpredictable chronic stress (UCS) from postnatal week (PW) 21...
March 1, 2018: Toxicology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086685/comparison-of-phase-2-cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-between-patients-after-transcatheter-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Hafiz M Imran, Muhammad Baig, Marjan Mujib, Charles Beale, Arlene Gaw, Loren Stabile, Nishant R Shah, Paul C Gordon, Wen-Chih Wu
Background Referral rates and outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation have not been evaluated in patients with transcatheter aortic valve replacement or compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. Method A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 488 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( n = 199) and surgical aortic valve replacement ( n = 289) from a university-based statewide transcatheter aortic valve replacement/surgical aortic valve replacement program during 2015-2017...
August 8, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077453/highly-fermentable-starch-at-different-diet-starch-concentrations-decreased-feed-intake-and-milk-yield-of-cows-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#8
Rodrigo I Albornoz, Michael S Allen
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet starch concentration and fermentability (SF) fed during the early postpartum (PP) period on dry matter intake (DMI), yields of milk and milk components, body reserves, and metabolism. Fifty-two multiparous Holstein cows were used in a randomized block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Treatment diets were formulated to 22% (LS) or 28% (HS) starch with dry ground corn (DGC) or high-moisture corn (HMC) as the primary starch source...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075193/cafeteria-diet-effects-on-cognitive-functions-anxiety-fear-response-and-neurogenesis-in-the-juvenile-rat
#9
André Ferreira, João P Castro, José P Andrade, M Dulce Madeira, Armando Cardoso
Early life, covering childhood and adolescence in humans, is an important period of brain development and maturation. Experimental works in rodents have shown that high-caloric diets are particularly detrimental to young rats, affecting cognition. We studied the effects of two different high-caloric diets, prevalent in human adolescents, on male Wistar rats aged 4 weeks at the beginning of the experiment. Rats were randomly allocated to control (C, n=10), high-sugar diet (HS, n=10) and cafeteria diet (CAF, n=10) groups and fed accordingly for 8 weeks...
July 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075165/ketogenic-diet-as-a-metabolic-therapy-for-mood-disorders-evidence-and-developments
#10
REVIEW
Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo B Mansur, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Vicent Balanzá Martinez, Maj Vinberg, Ana González-Pinto, Joshua D Rosenblat, Roger Ho, Roger S McIntyre
Despite significant advances in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, mood disorders remain a significant source of mental capital loss, with high rates of treatment resistance, requiring a coordinated effort in investigation and development of efficient, tolerable and accessible novel interventions. Ketogenic diet (KD) is a low-carb diet that substantially changes the energetic matrix of the body including the brain. It has been established as an effective anticonvulsant treatment, and more recently, the role of KD for mental disorders has been explored...
July 31, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074426/global-transcriptome-difference-in-myokine-and-inflammatory-genes-in-muscle-of-mature-steer-progeny-is-related-to-maternal-lactation-diet-and-muscle-composition
#11
Theresa Casey, Joseph Walker, Ketaki P Bhide, Jyothi Thimmapuram, Jon Schoonmaker
Steer progeny suckled by cows fed a dried distillers grains and solubles (DDGS) diet the first three months of lactation were heavier during feedlot finishing and had significantly lower marbling and larger longissimus muscles than steer suckled by cows fed a control diet (CON). These differences were profound in that progeny were managed and fed identically from weaning until finishing, and findings suggested that the suckling period established the developmental program of muscle composition. Here transcriptomes of longissimus muscle were measured using next generation sequencing to investigate whether there were any developmental clues to the differences in marbling scores and muscle content between steers suckled by DDGS (n=5) versus control (CON; n=5) diet fed cows during lactation...
August 3, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073920/recent-advances-in-nutrition-for-the-treatment-of-depressive-disorder
#12
Xu Wang, Fei Zhao, Xufeng Wang, Yabing Niu, Lijuan Niu, Chunling Wang
Depression is one of the leading causes of disability in the world. Current pharmaceutical treatment for depression remains unsatisfactory due to its limited therapeutic efficacy and undesirable side effects. There is increasing interest in looking for alternative strategies from diet for the treatment of depressive disorder. The nutrition factors have the potential to regulate several neurochemical pathways implicated in depression. This review gives an overview of the recent advances in depression treatment using nutrition factors including vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acid, elements and natural products...
August 2, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073906/cross-sectional-association-of-seafood-consumption-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-depressive-symptoms-in-two-torres-strait-communities
#13
Maximus Berger, Sean Taylor, Linton Harriss, Sandra Campbell, Fintan Thompson, Samuel Jones, Maria Makrides, Robert Gibson, G Paul Amminger, Zoltan Sarnyai, Robyn McDermott
Background Dietary intake of long-chain omega 3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) represents a putative modifiable risk factor for depression, and a high ratio of omega 6 (n-6) to n-3 LCPUFA is frequently observed in patients with major depressive disorder. Recent reports suggest that the availability of fish and seafood may be associated with lower depression rates. The aim of this study was to investigate associations of fish consumption and LCPUFA levels with depressive symptoms. Methods Participants for this cross-sectional study (n=206) were recruited at a community screening programme in two Torres Strait Islander communities (Mer and Waiben)...
August 3, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067063/comprehensive-lifestyle-modification-intervention-to-improve-chronic-disease-risk-factors-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#14
Mladen Golubić, Dana Schneeberger, Kristin Kirkpatrick, Judi Bar, Adam Bernstein, Fredina Weems, Jane Ehrman, Jim Perko, Jonathan Doyle, Michael Roizen
OBJECTIVES: Healthy lifestyle modifications, including weight management, regular physical activity, prudent diet, and stress relief, have been identified as key components of tertiary cancer prevention. In this study, we evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive, lifestyle medicine intervention, Lifestyle 180® , on chronic disease risk factors and quality of life in cancer survivors. DESIGN: Retrospective subgroup analysis of a clinical program. SETTINGS/LOCATION: An outpatient medical facility...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065553/non-pharmacological-therapies-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-recommendations-for-self-care-and-physician-guidance
#15
REVIEW
Whitney Duff, Natasha Haskey, Gillian Potter, Jane Alcorn, Paulette Hunter, Sharyle Fowler
We performed a scoping review on sought-after complementary therapies for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), specifically diet, physical activity and exercise (PA/E), and psychotherapy. We aim to update patients with IBD on therapies for self-care and provide physicians with guidance on how to direct their patients for the management of IBD. A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PUBMED was completed in Sept 2016. Studies on diet, PA/E, or psychotherapy in patients with IBD were included. Medical Subject Heading terms and Boolean operators were used...
July 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064690/programming-bugs-microbiota-and-the-developmental-origins-of-brain-health-and-disease
#16
REVIEW
Martin G Codagnone, Simon Spichak, Siobhain M O'Mahony, Olivia F O'Leary, Gerard Clarke, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
It has been nearly 30 years since Dr. David Barker first highlighted the importance of prenatal factors in contributing to the developmental origins of adult disease. This concept was later broadened to include postnatal events. It is clear that the interaction between genetic predisposition and early life environmental exposures is key in this regard. However, recent research has also identified another important factor in the microbiota-the trillions of microorganisms that inhabit key body niches, including the vagina and gastrointestinal tract...
June 27, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059718/system-biology-approach-intersecting-diet-and-cell-metabolism-with-pathogenesis-of-brain-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Fernando Gomez-Pinilla, Xia Yang
The surge in meals high in calories has prompted an epidemic of metabolic disorders around the world such that the elevated incidence of obese and diabetic individuals is alarming. New research indicates that metabolic disorders pose a risk for neurological and psychiatric conditions including stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and depression, all of which have a metabolic component. These relationships are rooted to a dysfunctional interaction between molecular processes that regulate energy metabolism and synaptic plasticity...
July 27, 2018: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057529/chronic-social-stress-leads-to-reduced-gustatory-reward-salience-and-effort-valuation-in-mice
#18
Diana Kúkel'ová, Giorgio Bergamini, Hannes Sigrist, Erich Seifritz, Bastian Hengerer, Christopher R Pryce
Pathology of reward processing is a major clinical feature of stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders including depression. Several dimensions of reward processing can be impacted, including reward valuation/salience, learning, expectancy and effort valuation. To establish the causal relationships between stress, brain changes, and reward processing pathologies, valid animal models are essential. Here, we present mouse experiments investigating behavioral effects of chronic social stress (CSS) in association learning tests of gustatory reward salience and effort valuation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056104/association-of-long-term-diet-quality-with-hippocampal-volume-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Tasnime Akbaraly, Claire Sexton, Enikő Zsoldos, Abda Mahmood, Nicola Filippini, Clarisse Kerleau, Jean Michel Verdier, Marianna Virtanen, Audrey Gabelle, Klaus P Ebmeier, Mika Kivimaki
BACKGROUND: Diet quality is associated with brain aging outcomes. However, few studies have explored in humans the brain structures potentially affected by long-term diet quality. We examined whether cumulative average of Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010) score during adult life (an 11-year exposure period) is associated with hippocampal volume. METHODS: Analyses were based on 459 participants of the Whitehall Brain Imaging substudy (mean age 59...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054563/glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Parvane Saneei, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although several studies have investigated the association between dietary Glycemic Index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and depression, results are inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to summarize earlier evidence on the association between dietary GI, GL, and depression. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We searched in PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, EMBASE, and Google Scholar to identify related articles published until April 2018...
July 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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