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Diet and depression

Ahmed Mhalla, Walid Bel Hadj Salah, Rim Mensi, Badii Amamou, Amal Messaoud, Leila Gassab, Wahiba Douki, Med Fadhel Najjar, Lotfi Gaha
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are common co morbidities of schizophrenia and constitute the main factors of high mortality in this pathology. Cardiovascular damages are favored by some risk factors, of which one of the most important is dyslipidemia. In this context, a study of lipid profile in schizophrenia is interesting.  The aims of this study were to compare the lipid profile of patients with schizophrenia to healthy controls and to investigate the associations between lipid parameters and demographics, clinical and treatment characteristics of the patients...
January 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Kyoung Yun Kim, Jung-Mi Yun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: As aging progresses, the number of patients with cognitive impairment also increases. Cognitive function is not generally correlated with diet, and there is debate over that association. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake and cognitive function among adults aged 50 years or older. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Between July 2017 and March 2018, 324 adults aged over 50 years from Gwangju Sun-Han hospital participated in a dietary survey...
October 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
George Michas, George Karvelas, Athanasios Trikas
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in Europe, accounting for nearly 45% of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Greece is one of the European Union member states that top the list of deaths due to ischemic heart disease and stroke, a fact that is mainly attributed to unfavorable changes in modifiable risk factors. The aim of this review is to examine the latest evidence on the most important CVD risk factors. According to studies conducted during the last two decades, the prevalence of arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and obesity remained relatively stable or increased...
October 12, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Jian Wang, Yao Zhou, Kang Chen, Yuntian Jing, Jiaan He, Hongxiao Sun, Xinhua Hu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of diet, determined by the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) score, and depression. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE databases up to August 2018. All observational studies that examined the association of the DII score with depression/depressive symptoms were included...
October 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Iris Palma Lopes, Victor Barbosa Ribeiro, Rosana Maria Reis, Rafael Costa Silva, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Gislaine Satyko Kogure, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, anthropometric changes (increased weight and waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]), behavioral changes (sexual dysfunction, anxiety, and depression), and reduced quality of life. Physical exercise may reduce many of the adverse effects of PCOS. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise on the sexual function of women with PCOS. AIM: To compare the effects of continuous and intermittent aerobic physical training on the sexual function and mood of women with PCOS...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Yo-Han Kim, Rie Nagata, Akira Ohkubo, Natsuki Ohtani, Shiro Kushibiki, Toshihiro Ichijo, Shigeru Sato
BACKGROUND: Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is characterized by a ruminal pH depression, and microbiota can also be affected by a higher acidity and/or dietary changes. Previous studies have revealed similar patterns in pH reduction in the rumen and reticulum, whereas changes in reticular pH and bacterial community following a high-grain diet are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in reticular pH and bacterial community structure following a high-grain diet simultaneously with those in the rumen...
October 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Elena Aguilar-Aguilar, Helena Marcos-Pasero, Rocío de la Iglesia, Isabel Espinosa-Salinas, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Viviana Loria-Kohen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a complex, acquired, chronic syndrome of multifactorial etiology with multiple symptoms. The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional habits, dietary characteristics and physical activity, as well as their determinants, of a population diagnosed with MCS, which may allow for a more precise approach to nutritional improvement. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with MCS...
October 8, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson, Annelise Madison
Couples influence each other's mental and physical health. This review focuses on how couples' relationships, the partners' individual and joint vulnerabilities, and their health behaviors influence health through changes in the gut microbiota, metabolism, and immune function. Couples' shared stressors and emotions and their intertwined lifestyles and routines serve to promote common disease risks in part through parallel changes in their gut microbiotas. Marital discord, stress, and depression have strong bidirectional links, fueling one another...
October 10, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Isabel Rodríguez-Sánchez, Esther García-Esquinas, Arthur E Mesas, José María Martín-Moreno, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
Background: the association between pain characteristics and frailty risk is uncertain. Objective: to investigate the separate impact of the frequency, intensity and location of pain on frailty risk and its possible mechanisms. Methods: prospective cohort of 1505 individuals ≥63 years followed between 2012 and 2015 in Spain. In 2012, pain was classified into: lowest pain (Score 0), middle pain (Score 1-4) and highest pain (Score 5-6). Incident frailty was assessed in 2015 as having ≥3 Fried criteria or a Frailty Index (FI) ≥0...
October 11, 2018: Age and Ageing
Josje D Schoufour, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Trudy Voortman
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the criterion validity of the 2015 food-based Dutch dietary guidelines, which were formulated based on evidence on the relation between diet and major chronic diseases. DESIGN: We studied 9,701 participants of the Rotterdam Study, a population-based prospective cohort in individuals aged 45 years and over. METHOD: Dietary intake was assessed at baseline with a food-frequency questionnaire. For all participants, we examined adherence (yes/no) to fourteen items of the guidelines: vegetables (≥200g/d), fruit (≥200g/d), whole-grains (≥90g/d), legumes (≥135g/wk), nuts (≥15g/d), dairy (≥350g/d), fish (≥100g/wk), tea (≥450mL/d), ratio whole-grains:total grains (≥50%), ratio unsaturated fats & oils:total fats (≥50%), red and processed meat (<300g/wk), sugar-containing beverages (<150mL/d), alcohol (<10 g/d) and salt (≤6g/d)...
September 19, 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Maria I Maraki, Mary Yannakoulia, Maria Stamelou, Leonidas Stefanis, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Mary H Kosmidis, Efthimios Dardiotis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Paraskevi Sakka, Costas A Anastasiou, Eleni Simopoulou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
BACKGROUND: The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society recently introduced a methodology for probability score calculation for prodromal PD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the probability of prodromal PD in an older population and investigate its possible association with Mediterranean diet adherence. METHODS: Data from a population-based cohort study of older adults (HEllenic Longitudinal Investigation of Aging and Diet) in Greece were used...
October 10, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Fatemeh Sahebi Ala, Ahmad Hassanabadi, Abolghasem Golian
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary supplemental methionine (Met) source and betaine (Bet) replacement for Met on performance and activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes (MRCEs) in normal and heat-stressed broiler chickens. Total of 1,200-day-old Ross 308 chicks were allocated to two houses, each consisted of 12 treatments, five replicates of 10 birds each with 2 × 2×3 × 2 (temperature × Met source × Met level × Bet, respectively) split-plot factorial arrangement...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Joane Matta, Nicolas Hoertel, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Marie Plesz, Emmanuel Wiernik, Claire Carette, Sébastien Czernichow, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: The association between depression and the metabolic syndrome remains poorly understood. Diet and physical activity may partly explain this association. METHODS: Baseline data on 64,861 subjects from the French population-based Constances cohort was analyzed. Depressive symptoms were determined with the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. A CES-D score ≥ 19 combined with self-reported limitations related to depressive symptoms was used to define depression...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Madison DeCapo, Jacqueline R Thompson, Geoffrey Dunn, Elinor L Sullivan
Maternal nutrition is critically important for fetal development. Recent human studies demonstrate a strong connection between diet during pregnancy and offspring risk for neuropsychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Animal models have emerged as a crucial tool for understanding maternal nutrition's contribution to prenatal programming and the later development of neuropsychiatric disorders. This review highlights preclinical studies examining how maternal consumption of the three macronutrients (protein, fats, and carbohydrates) influence offspring negative-valence behaviors relevant to neuropsychiatric disorders...
August 23, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Benjamin Lebwohl, Qi Chen, Gabriella Bröms, Randi L Wolf, Peter H R Green, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease has been linked to anxiety and depression. However, their association with mucosal healing is unknown. AIM: To examine the relationship between anxiety, depression and mucosal healing in coeliac disease. METHODS: Between 1969 and 2008, we collected data on all small intestinal biopsies with villous atrophy from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. We restricted our cohort to individuals with data on follow-up biopsy (either persistent villous atrophy [n = 3317] or mucosal healing [n = 4331])...
October 4, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Esther Vermeulen, Anika Knüppel, Martin J Shipley, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Tasnime Akbaraly, Eric J Brunner, Mary Nicolaou
Background: The consumption of unhealthy "Western" dietary patterns has been previously associated with depressive symptoms in different populations. Objective: We examined whether high-sugar and high-saturated-fat dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms over 5 y in a British cohort of men and women. Methods: We used data from the Whitehall II study in 5044 individuals (aged 35-55 y). Diet was assessed at phase 7 (2003-2004) using a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Nedim Ongun
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status and Parkinson's Disease (PD) features in association with depression, anxiety and quality of life in people with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 96 patients with idiopathic PD to whom the following scales were applied: Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), 39-item PD questionnaire (PDQ-39), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
2018: PloS One
Keita Kanzaki, Daiki Watanabe, Chihiro Aibara, Yuki Kawakami, Takashi Yamada, Yoshitaka Takahashi, Masanobu Wada
OBJECTIVE: Eccentric contraction (ECC) is a contraction in which skeletal muscles are stretched while contracting. The aim of this study was to determine how ingestion of soy protein isolate (SPI) or animal-based proteins affect force deficit, calpain activation, and proteolysis of calcium ion (Ca2+ )-regulatory proteins in rat fast-twitch muscles subjected to ECC. METHODS: In the first experiment, male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to a control and an SPI group, which were fed a 20% casein and a 20% SPI diet, respectively, for 28 d before the ECC protocol...
July 11, 2018: Nutrition
Maciel Alencar Bruxel, Angela Maria Vicente Tavares, Luiz Domingues Zavarize Neto, Victor de Souza Borges, Helena Trevisan Schroeder, Patricia Martins Bock, Maria Inês Lavina Rodrigues, Adriane Belló-Klein, Paulo Ivo Homem de Bittencourt
Unhealthy lifestyle persistently feeds forward inflammation in metabolic organs thus imposing senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), as observed in obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, SASP blocks physiological resolution of inflammation by suppressing the anti-inflammatory and anti-senescent heat shock (HS) response, i.e., the gene program centered in heat shock factor-1 (HSF1)-dependent expression heat shock proteins (HSPs). As SASP-inducing factors are not removed, leading to the perpetuation of inflammation, we argued that SIRT1-HSF1-HSP axis might also be suppressed in atherosclerosis, which could be reversible by heat treatment (HT), the most powerful HS response trigger...
September 28, 2018: Biochimie
Szu-Yun Wu, Li-Lin Hsu, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Tsung-Jen Hsieh, Shin-Chang Su, Ya-Wen Peng, Tsam-Ming Guo, Yaw-Wen Kang, Wen-Harn Pan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The elderly population is increasing rapidly worldwide, and frailty is a common geriatric syndrome. Comprehensive dietary management strategies may have beneficial effects on frailty prevention and reversal. This 3-month single-blind, paralleled, randomized controlled trial compared the effects of micronutrients and/or protein supplements, and a personalised diet on frailty status in elderly individuals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2014 and 2015, 40 prefrail or frail subjects aged >=65 years were recruited at Miaoli General Hospital, Taiwan...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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