Read by QxMD icon Read

Diet and depression

Stephanie Gladys Kühne, Martha Anna Schalla, Tiemo Friedrich, Peter Kobelt, Miriam Goebel-Stengel, Melissa Long, Marion Rivalan, York Winter, Matthias Rose, Andreas Stengel
Nesfatin-1 is a well-established anorexigenic peptide. Recent studies indicated an association between nesfatin-1 and anxiety/depression-like behavior. However, it is unclear whether this effect is retained in obesity. The aim was to investigate the effect of nesfatin-130-59 -the active core of nesfatin-1-on anxiety and depression-like behavior in normal weight (NW) and diet-induced (DIO) obese rats. Male rats were intracerebroventricularly (ICV) cannulated and received nesfatin-130-59 (0.1, 0.3, or 0.9 nmol/rat) or vehicle 30 min before testing...
December 3, 2018: Nutrients
Victoria Bell, Jorge Ferrão, Lígia Pimentel, Manuela Pintado, Tito Fernandes
Changes in present-day society such as diets with more sugar, salt, and saturated fat, bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to the likelihood of the involvement of the microbiota in inflammatory diseases, which contribute to global epidemics of obesity, depression, and mental health concerns. The microbiota is presently one of the hottest areas of scientific and medical research, and exerts a marked influence on the host during homeostasis and disease. Fermented foods and beverages are generally defined as products made by microbial organisms and enzymatic conversions of major and minor food components...
December 3, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Maria Calasso, Ruggiero Francavilla, Fernanda Cristofori, Maria De Angelis, Marco Gobbetti
It has been suggested that sourdough fermented products have beneficial health effects. Fungal proteases and selected sourdough lactic acid bacteria were used to produce wheat bread and pasta with a reduced-gluten content (<50% of traditional products). Fermentable oligo-, di- and mono- saccharides and polyols and amylase/trypsin inhibitors were also evaluated. The sensorial features of new products were similar to traditional ones. The efficacy of these new products in reducing the severity of symptoms in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients were compared to traditional bread and pasta using a randomized, crossover-controlled trial...
December 2, 2018: Nutrients
Aitak Farzi, Ahmed M Hassan, Geraldine Zenz, Peter Holzer
The global prevalence of diabesity is on the rise, and the clinical, social and economic health burden arising from this epidemic is aggravated by a significant co-morbidity of diabesity with neuropsychiatric disease, particularly depression. Importantly, not only is the prevalence of mood disorders elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes, depressed patients are also more prone to develop diabetes. This reciprocal relationship calls for a molecular and systemic analysis of diabesity-brain interactions to guide preventive and therapeutic strategies...
December 1, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
Luca Pecoraro, Lucia Martini, Franco Antoniazzi, Giorgio Piacentini, Angelo Pietrobelli
Vitamin C is an organic compound that is almost ubiquitous in the daily diet of individuals. There are clear indications of supplementation when secondary deficiency is detected related with reduced dietary intake or reduced absorption. On the other hand, indications for supplementation concerning an increased need are controversial. Several authors have studied the role of vitamin C as an adjuvant in the treatment of diseases that may affect children and adolescents. These diseases affect all organs and systems: specifically, vitamin C supplementation could play a role in respiratory, neurological, psychiatric, oncohematological, nephrological, ophthalmological and nutritional disorders...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Katie Tolkien, Steven Bradburn, Chris Murgatroyd
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a large body of evidence which supports the role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of mental health disorders, including depression. Dietary patterns have been shown to modulate the inflammatory state, thus highlighting their potential as a therapeutic tool in disorders with an inflammatory basis. Here we conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of current literature addressing whether there is a link between the inflammatory potential of a diet and risk of depression or depressive symptoms...
November 20, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ibrahim Nadeem, Mohammed Zohair Rahman, Yasser Ad-Dab'bagh, Mahmood Akhtar
Depression is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses and is often associated with various other medical disorders. Since the 1980s, the primary pharmacological treatment has been antidepressants, but due to the recent discovery of the association between the gut microbiome and mental health, probiotics have been proposed as an adjunctive or alternate treatment. In this narrative review, we aim to provide a holistic perspective by synthesizing and evaluating existing evidence, discussing key biological mechanisms, exploring the history of probiotic use and appreciating the influence of modern diet on mental health...
November 29, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Angelyn Chen Yin Lua, Choon How How, Thomas F J King
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) presents with a spectrum of conditions resulting from androgen excess, anovulation and metabolic syndrome. Patients with PCOS may see their primary care physicians for various presentations, including hirsutism, acne, menstrual irregularities, infertility, obesity, and psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Management of these patients should include screening for Type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Treatment should be targeted to each patient's phenotype and personal expectations such as desire for pregnancy...
November 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
M E Payne, K N Porter Starr, M Orenduff, H S Mulder, S R McDonald, A P Spira, C F Pieper, C W Bales
OBJECTIVE: To examine the bi-directional associations of a weight loss intervention with quality of life and mental health in obese older adults with functional limitations. DESIGN: Combined-group analyses of secondary variables from the MEASUR-UP randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Obese community-dwelling men and women (N = 67; age ≥60; BMI ≥30) with functional limitations (Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB] score of 4-10 out of 12)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
P Agarwal, Y Wang, A S Buchman, T M Holland, D A Bennett, M C Morris
BACKGROUND: In old age, motor impairments including parkinsonian signs are common, but treatment is lacking for many older adults. In this study, we examined the association of a diet specifically developed to promote brain health, called MIND (Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay), to the incidence and progression of parkinsonism in older adults. METHODS: A total of 706 Memory and Aging Project participants aged 59 -97 years and without parkinsonism at baseline were assessed annually for the presence of four parkinsonian signs using a 26-item modified version of the United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Timothy G Dinan, Catherine Stanton, Caitriona Long-Smith, Paul Kennedy, John F Cryan, Caitlin S M Cowan, María Carmen Cenit, Jan-Willem van der Kamp, Yolanda Sanz
Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which exerts a major economic impact in all European countries. The brain-gut-microbiota axis has been described as a new paradigm for advancing understanding and treatment of the disorder. There is now over-whelming evidence to support the fact that gut microbes have a major impact on central neurochemistry and behaviour, especially stress related disorders such as depression. Recent studies indicate that patients with depression have a gut dysbiosis. The reason for this dysbiosis is uncertain...
November 17, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
A Bougouin, C Martin, M Doreau, A Ferlay
Optimizing milk production efficiency implies diets allowing low methane (CH4) emissions and high dairy performance. We hypothesize that nature of energy (starch v. lipids) and lipid supplement types (monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) v. polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) mitigate CH4 emissions and can induce low milk fat content via different pathways. The main objective of this experiment was to study the effects of starch-rich or lipid-supplemented diets that induce milk fat depression (MFD) on rumen biohydrogenation (RBH) of unsaturated fatty acids (FA) and enteric CH4 emissions in dairy cows...
November 29, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Anastasios Toumpanakis, Triece Turnbull, Isaura Alba-Barba
Diet interventions have suggested an association between plant-based diets and improvements in psychological well-being, quality of life and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control in populations with diabetes. The aims of this review are to systematically analyze the available literature on plant-based diet interventions targeting diabetes in adults and to clearly define the benefits on well-being of such interventions. This is a systematic review of controlled trials. A computerized systematic literature search was conducted in the following electronic databases: Allied and Complementary Medicine, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, E-Journals, Excerpta Medica Database, MEDLINE, Health Management Information Consortium, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, PubMed, SocINDEX and Web of Science...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
P M Trief, L Fisher, J Sandberg, D M Hessler, D A Cibula, R S Weinstock
AIMS: To compare the outcomes of partners who participated in a telephone couples behavioural intervention to improve glycaemic control in persons with Type 2 diabetes with those of untreated partners of participants in an individual intervention or education; to explore 'ripple effects', i.e. positive behaviour changes seen in untreated partners. METHODS: The Diabetes Support Project was a three-arm randomized telephone intervention trial comparing outcomes of couples calls (CC), individual calls (IC) and diabetes education calls (DE)...
November 28, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Erin Hoare, Meghan Hockey, Anu Ruusunen, Felice N Jacka
The relationship between better diet quality and decreased depression across the life span is consistent and compelling. Fruit and vegetable consumption has been of particular interest. The nutritional benefits from the consumption of fruits and vegetables may mitigate non-communicable diseases and promote brain and mental health. This study aimed to determine whether fruit and vegetable consumption during adolescence was associated with a reduced risk of developing depression in adulthood in a large, representative sample of US individuals...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
H Leung, A Yitbarek, R Snyder, R Patterson, J R Barta, N Karrow, E Kiarie
Nucleotide-rich yeast extract (YN) was investigated for effects on growth performance, jejunal physiology, and cecal microbial activity in Eimeria-challenged broiler chickens. A total of 360-day-old male chicks (Ross × Ross 708) were placed on floor pens and provided a corn-soybean meal-based diet without or with YN (500 g/MT; n = 12). On d 10, 6 replicates per diet were orally administered with 1 mL of E. acervulina and E. maxima sporulated oocysts and the rest (non-challenged control) were administered with 1 mL of distilled water...
November 27, 2018: Poultry Science
Hannah L Riedl, Lani Stinson, Liba Pejchar, William H Clements
Non-native plants can impact riparian ecosystem function through diverse terrestrial and aquatic pathways, with cascading effects on food webs. Invasion-mediated vegetation changes can depress terrestrial arthropod communities and alter arthropod flux across the aquatic-terrestrial interface. We investigated the effects of a non-native woody plant, Robinia neomexicana, on insect contributions to riparian songbird diets. This plant was introduced over 100 years ago to the Clear Creek drainage in northwestern Colorado (USA) from its native range, which extends into southern Colorado...
2018: PloS One
Kristine Yaffe, Deborah E Barnes, Dori Rosenberg, Sascha Dublin, Allison R Kaup, Evette J Ludman, Eric Vittinghoff, Carrie B Peltz, Anne D Renz, Kristin J Adams, Eric B Larson
This article describes the protocol for the Systematic Multi-domain Alzheimer's Risk Reduction Trial (SMARRT), a single-blind randomized pilot trial to test a personalized, pragmatic, multi-domain Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk reduction intervention in a US integrated healthcare delivery system. Study participants will be 200 higher-risk older adults (age 70-89 years with subjective cognitive complaints, low normal performance on cognitive screen, and ≥ two modifiable risk factors targeted by our intervention) who will be recruited from selected primary care clinics of Kaiser Permanente Washington, oversampling people with non-white race or Hispanic ethnicity...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra Kumar Sinha, Nitin Khandelwal, Sumana Chakravarty, Arvind Kumar, Manchala Raghunath
A sub-optimal nutritional environment from early life can be envisaged as a stressor that translates into mental health problems in adulthood. Considering the widespread prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency especially amongst women in developing countries and the importance of vitamin B12 in normal brain function, in this study we have elucidated the behavioural correlates of chronic severe and moderate vitamin B12 deficiency in C57BL/6 mouse model established by us earlier. Female weanling mice were assigned to three dietary groups: (a) control AIN-76A diet with cellulose as dietary fibre (b) vitamin B12 restricted AIN-76A diet with pectin as dietary fibre (severe deficiency group) and (c) vitamin B12 restricted AIN-76A diet with cellulose as dietary fibre (moderate deficiency group)...
November 25, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Lindsay Naef, Lauren Seabrook, Jeff Hsiao, Calvin Li, Stephanie L Borgland
Mesolimbic dopamine circuits, implicated in incentive motivation, are sensitive to changes in metabolic state such as weight loss and diet-induced obesity. These neurons are important targets for metabolic hormones such as leptin, glucagon-like peptide-1, ghrelin and insulin. Insulin receptors are located on dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and we have previously demonstrated that insulin induces long-term depression of excitatory synapses onto VTA dopamine neurons. While insulin can decrease dopamine concentration in somatodendritic regions, it can increase dopamine in striatal slices...
November 24, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"