Read by QxMD icon Read

Stab wounds

Yu V Nazarov, V D Isakov, V M Karavaev
Forensic medical experts are not infrequently faced in their practical work with the question of the possibility of inflicting body injuries by the victim to himself (herself). In such cases, the law-enforcement authorities are in the first place interested not in the possibility of such self-inflicted injuries but rather in the correspondence between the character of the injuries and the circumstances of the event that needs to be objectively established in the course of the forensic medical expertise. The cases of multiple severe self-inflicted injuries in which all the witnesses were one way or another involved in the accident as the participants of the fight with the victim, attract especially close attention and require careful examination...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Antônio Oliveira de Araújo, Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, Jéssica de Oliveira Correia, Pedro Henrique Gomes, Emanoel Nascimento Costa, Luciana Macedo Level Salomão, Cleinaldo Nascimento Costa
OBJECTIVE: to determine the frequency of fatal cardiac trauma in the city of Manaus, Brazil, between November 2015 and October 2016, and to clarify the mechanisms of trauma and death, previous hospital treatment, as well as the injuries associated with cardiac trauma. METHODS: retrospective, observational, and cross-sectional study, which reviewed the necropsy reports of individuals whose cause of death was cardiac injury. RESULTS: the cardiac trauma rate was of 5...
October 4, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Kss Dayananda, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, G L Laing, P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating thoracic trauma is common and costly. Injuries are frequently and selectively amenable to non-operative management. Our selective approach to penetrating thoracic trauma is reviewed and the effectiveness of our clinical algorithms confirmed. Additionally, a basic cost analysis was undertaken to evaluate the financial impact of a selective nonoperative management approach to penetrating thoracic trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Services electronic regional trauma registry hybrid electronic medical records were reviewed, highlighted all penetrating thoracic traumas...
October 5, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
K Karimi Yarandi, Sina Jelodar, Mahmoud Reza Khalatbari, Saleh Rasras, Reza Bahrami Ilkhchi, Abbas Amirjamshidi
Background and Objectives: Stabbing the head is a rare event. It may occur following an assault or self-inflicted injury. We intend to report our experience with four such cases and review narratively the relevant literature. A treatment algorithm will be delivered. Materials and Methods: We have reviewed four of our cases; three were stabbed to the orbit and one to the head. Results: Enucleation was performed in one case. Vision could be preserved in the other two and brain abscess developed in the other cases due to a retained piece of knife...
July 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Dairui Dai, Silke Meyer, Lars Christian Kaltheuner, Frank Plani
A 25-year-old man presented to the trauma department following a penetrating stab wound to his left infraorbital margin with retained knife blade causing superoposterior displacement of the globe. Plain skull X-ray revealed an extensive retained blade with subsequent CT imaging revealing the tip of the blade had reached the right styloid process with no neurovascular compromise. Initial concern was primarily for the left eye leading to ophthalmology being the first specialty requested to review the patient...
September 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Hiroko Ikeshima-Kataoka, Yutaka Matsui, Toshimitsu Uede
OBJECTIVES: Osteopontin (OPN) is an inflammatory cytokine inducer involved in cell proliferation and migration in inflammatory diseases or tumors. To investigate the function of OPN in astrocyte activation during brain injury, we compared OPN-deficient (OPN/KO) with wild-type (WT) mouse brains after stab wound injury and primary culture of astrocytes. METHODS: Primary cultures of astrocytes were prepared from either WT or OPN/KO postnatal mouse brains. Activation efficiency of astrocytes in primary culture was accessed using Western blotting by examining the protein levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and tenascin-C (TN-C), which are markers for reactive astrocytes, following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation...
September 22, 2018: Neurological Research
Vincent M DeMario, Robert A Sikorski, David T Efron, Mara A Serbanescu, Rica M Buchanan, Eric J Wang, Mereze Visagie, Eric A Gehrie, Mariuxi C Manukyan, Kathy Noll, K H Ken Lee, Paul M Ness, Steven M Frank
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion can be lifesaving for patients with hemorrhage; however, transfusion requirements for victims of gun violence are poorly understood. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In an urban, Level 1 trauma center, 23,422 trauma patients were analyzed in a retrospective cohort study. Patients with gunshot wounds (GSWs) (n = 2,672; 11.4% of trauma patients) were compared to those with non-GSW traumatic injuries from 2005 to 2017, to assess blood utilization...
October 2018: Transfusion
Kevin Bain, Vadim Meytes, Grace C Chang, Michael F Timoney
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) is an increasingly used modality when approaching penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT). Trauma surgeons can utilize this minimally invasive technique to quickly assess for injury in hemodynamically stable patients. DL with a confirmed injury can be repaired through therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) or conversion to exploratory laparotomy (EL). This study analyzes the use of laparoscopy as a first-line therapy for hemodynamically stable patients with PAT...
September 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
G N Ayane, M Walsh, D Prozesky, K Kadimo
We describe a patient in whom a stab wound to the right supraclavicular fossa led to a subclavian artery false aneurysm and an arterio-venous fistula (AVF) between the right subclavian artery and the right internal jugular vein. The diagnosis was made clinically and with computerised tomographic angiography (CTA). Open vascular repair was successful. We postulate that this presentation was the result of the knife being inserted then partly withdrawn and reinserted at a different angle. This pattern of injury has been reported previously following central venous line insertion, but rarely following a stab injury...
August 2018: Trauma Case Reports
Tomer Erlich, Noam D Kitrey
The kidneys are the most vulnerable genitourinary organ in trauma, as they are involved in up to 3.25% of trauma patients. The most common mechanism for renal injury is blunt trauma (predominantly by motor vehicle accidents and falls), while penetrating trauma (mainly caused by firearms and stab wound) comprise the rest. High-velocity weapons impose specifically problematic damage because of the high energy and collateral effect. The mainstay of renal trauma diagnosis is based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), which is indicated in all stable patients with gross hematuria and in patients presenting with microscopic hematuria and hypotension...
October 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
William M Brigode, Michael Masteller, Rishi Chaudhuri, Ryan Sullivan, Amir Vafa
This study was performed to assess our institution's experience with stab injuries to the posterior mediastinal box. We examine the value of performing CT of the chest and esophagram in conjunction with a chest X-ray (CXR) over performing CXR(s) alone in evaluating this group of patients. We performed a retrospective study covering a 10-year period consisting of patients with stab wounds to the posterior mediastinal box. Age, gender, and injury severity score as demographic data points were collected. CXR, CT, and esophagram results; identified injuries; and subsequent interventions were analyzed...
August 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Oleh Yevhenovych Matsevych, Modise Zacharia Koto, Moses Balabyeki, Lehlogonolo David Mashego, Colleen Aldous
Background: Selective non-operative management (NOM) and diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) are well-accepted approaches in the management of stable patients with penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT). The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of early DL in stable asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with PAT as opposed to NOM, a standard of care in this scenario. The secondary aim was to suggest possible indications for DL. Methods: Patients managed with DL or NOM over a 12-month period were included in this study...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Rosario Barranco, Andrea Molinelli, Francesco Ventura
Fatalities due to stabbings are usually caused by large blood vessels or organs injuries resulting in hemorrhagic shock. Vagal inhibition from a stab to the neck is an undeniably exceptional event, infrequently described in the literature. In our case report, we describe one such fatality. The body of a deceased 38-year-old man was found near a public garden. According to a bystander, the victim had been assaulted by 2 individuals, sustaining a stab wound to the neck with a broken glass bottle. At the autopsy, there was a large, inverted L-shaped cut wound in the left cervical region, measuring approximately 4...
August 30, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Leigh Hlavaty, LokMan Sung
Instruments that create stab wounds are required to possess tips of sufficient strength and rigidity to breach the integrity of the skin. Knives, the most common weapons used to create stab wounds, have cutting edges that cleave the skin, leaving unabraded margins. On rare occasions, blunt objects are driven with sufficient force to pierce the skin and become impaled within the body. The morphologic differences between the cutaneous injuries and wound tracks of stab wounds from sharp objects and impalement with blunt ones provide clear delineation of the two...
August 30, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Victor Y Kong, Ross Weale, Joanna M Blodgett, Johan Buitendag, John L Bruce, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Organ evisceration following abdominal stab wound (SW) is currently considered as an absolute indication for mandatory laparotomy due to the high incidence of associated intra-abdominal injuries, but literature describing the spectrum of organ injury encountered is limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our experience of 301 consecutive patients who were subjected to mandatory laparotomy over an eight-year period at a major trauma centre in South Africa...
August 7, 2018: Injury
Ebtesam M Abd-El-Basset, Muddanna S Rao
Dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (dBcAMP), a cell-permeable synthetic analog of cAMP, has been shown to induce astrogliosis in culture. However, the exact mechanism underlying how dBcAMP exerts its function in situ is not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of dBcAMP on astrogliosis and survival of neurons in stab wound and kainic acid models of brain injury. Stab wound was done in cerebral cortex of BALB/c male mice. Kainic acid lesion was induced in hippocampus by injecting 1μl kainic acid into the lateral ventricle...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Jaleed Ahmed Gilani, Muhammad Bin Pervez, Shiraz Hashmi, Sulaiman Hasan
Penetrating cardiac trauma is a medical emergency that commonly affects young men throughout the world. A retrospective review of the records of all patients presenting with cardiac injury was done from January 2000 to December 2015 at our institute. There were 10 cases of such trauma, all of whom were males, 17 to 48 years of age. The most common mechanism of injury was gunshot wounds followed by stab wounds. The Mean Revised Trauma Score was 7.23±0.855. Only 2 out of the total 10 patients died (20% mortality)...
August 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Francesco Simonit, Fabio Bassan, Carlo Scorretti, Lorenzo Desinan
Complex suicides are rare and consist in the use of more than one method to induce death, representing a challenging investigation for forensic pathologists. According to the several combinations reported in literature, they have been classified into "typical" (where two common suicide methods are associated) and "atypical" (where more than two methods, or infrequent combinations of suicide methods are involved). In the case discussed here, an elderly man suffering of depression was found dead inside the tool shed of his house with a knife embedded in the abdomen and two plastic bags fastened around the neck using a twine...
September 2018: Forensic Science International
Gabriella F Pogorzelski, Taline Aal Silva, Thamara Piazza, Tomás M Lacerda, Fernando Ac Spencer Netto, Amaury Cesar Jorge, Péricles Ad Duarte
Background: Trauma is a major cause of hospital admissions and is associated with manifold complications and high mortality rates. However, data on intensive care unit (ICU) admissions are scarce in developing and low-income countries, where its incidence has been increasing. Objectives: To analyze epidemiological and clinical factors and outcomes in adult trauma patients admitted to the ICU of a public teaching hospital in a developing country as well as to identify risk factors for complications in the ICU...
2018: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Jan Oliver Voss, Nadine Thieme, Christian Doll, Stefan Hartwig, Nicolai Adolphs, Max Heiland, Jan-Dirk Raguse
Penetrating foreign bodies of different origins in the head and neck are rare and potentially dangerous injuries, which might pose problems for their detection, primary care, and final treatment. Depending on the severity of the underlying trauma, some injuries present a higher risk for the presence of foreign bodies. Minor wounds, including common lacerations, are likely to be contaminated with loose gravel debris or dental fragments, and need to be distinguished from severe wounds caused by impalement, shootings, stabbings, and explosions...
September 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"