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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023947/nitrogen-isotope-composition-nitrogen-amount-and-fruit-yield-of-tomato-plants-affected-by-the-soil-fertilizer-types
#1
Marlee A Trandel, April Vigardt, S Alan Walters, Mihai Lefticariu, Mary Kinsel
Tomatoes ( Solanum lycopersicum ) are heavy nutrient feeding crops and require high amounts of nitrogen to maximize fruit production. The type of nitrogen applied and timing of fertilizer applications are important to reduce losses due to volatilization and leaching. Previous research suggested that nitrogen stable isotopes are a useful fingerprinting system for indicating if a crop has been grown with synthetic or organic nitrogen applications. To study the effects of fertilization systems on nitrogen isotopic patterns, "Better Bush" tomatoes were grown in a 2 year greenhouse experiment to analyze nitrogen isotopic composition, nitrogen content, and fruit yield...
June 30, 2018: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908314/quality-control-of-goji-fruits-of-lycium-barbarum-l-and-l-chinense-mill-a-value-chain-analysis-perspective
#2
Ruyu Yao, Michael Heinrich, Zigui Wang, Caroline S Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Goji (fruits of Lycium barbarum L. and L. chinense Mill., Solanaceae) have been used as a traditional food and medicine for hundreds of years in Asian countries and are now consumed globally. Quality of herbal medicines is critical for safe use and has been shown to be affected by value chains. AIM OF THE STUDY: Using a value chain (VC) framework, we aim at understanding the influence of different VC types on goji quality and revenue of stakeholders...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576709/antioxidant-and-hemolysis-protective-effects-of-polyphenol-rich-extract-from-mulberry-fruits
#3
Palanigounder Ganeshan Ajay Krishna, Thasma Raman Sivakumar, Chao Jin, Shao-Hu Li, Yu-Jie Weng, Juan Yin, Jun-Qiang Jia, Chu-Yan Wang, Zhong-Zheng Gui
Background: Mulberry fruits are a superior source of polyphenol, especially anthocyanins that contribute potentially to the beneficial effects which include reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancers with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and chemoprotective properties. Objectives: In this study, purification of the polyphenol-rich extract from mulberry fruit (MPE) was purified and assessed the activities of antioxidant and hemolysis protective in vivo and in vitro ...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433136/-audit-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-efficiency-of-the-immunization-services-the-experience-of-a-local-health-authority-in-rome
#4
Andrea Poscia, Simonetta Ferro, Lauretta Tribuzi, Antonietta Spadea
INTRODUCTION: The Italian Ministry of Health has launched an alert about the reduction in vaccine coverage (VC), which decreased below 95% since 2014 for many paediatric vaccines, oppositely from the National Prevention Plan 2014-18 and the National Immunization Plan 2017-2019. Even though the growing vaccine hesitancy attracts the attention of the media in the last few years, the organization of an easily accessible and efficient supply network remains a crucial imperative for ensuring satisfactory and uniform vaccine coverage...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539427/sensitive-and-fast-beverage-fruit-antioxidant-evaluation-by-tio2-au-graphene-nanocomposites-coupled-with-maldi-ms
#5
Xiaoni Fang, Kun Zhang, Pengyuan Yang, Liang Qiao, Baohong Liu
RATIONALE: Because the ratio of tripeptide glutathione (GSH) to glutathione disulphide (GSSG) is tightly associated with the oxidative stress and antioxidant level of an organism, it is often considered to be an indicator of the redox states of cells. Therefore, developing an integrated protocol for rapid, efficient, and low-cost detection of GSH to measure antioxidant ability is of significant importance for the diagnosis of oxidative stress-associated diseases. METHODS: TiO2 -Au/graphene nanocomposites were synthesized to integrate the characteristics of graphene as matrix for MALDI-MS, gold NPs as selective probes for GSH and the photocatalytic property of TiO2 ...
August 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301220/-effects-of-the-nutritional-education-and-dietary-intervention-on-nutritional-status-and-bone-mineral-density-of-middle-aged-and-senile-patients-with-osteoporosis
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chunyan Zhao, Ruihua Zhou, Yongzhi Tian, Yongmei Tang, Hongzhen Ning, Haiyan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the nutritional education and dietary intervention on nutritional status and bone mineral density (BMD) of middle-aged and senile patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: Ninty middle-aged and senile osteoporosis patients were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups (intervention and control group) with 45 cases each. The control group was received conventional therapy and the intervention group added with nutritional education and dietary intervention for six months on the basis of conventional therapy...
March 2016: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279720/optimization-extraction-process-of-polysaccharides-from-suillus-granulatus-and-their-antioxidant-and-immunological-activities-in-vitro
#7
Feng Zhou, Song Yan, Shuang Chen, Liying Gong, Tingting Su, Zhanyong Wang
BACKGROUND: Suillus granulatus is an edible and medicinal fungus in China. S. granulatus polysaccharide (SGP) was considered as the main bioactivity compounds in S. granulatus. Therefore, the extraction of SGP and their antioxidant activities were studied in this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fruiting bodies of S. granulatus were purchased from a local market (Fushun, China). Response surface methodology was adopted to optimize the extraction conditions of SGP. The antioxidant and immunological activities in vitro were also assayed...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915190/-effects-of-nitrogen-management-on-yield-quality-nitrogen-accumulation-and-its-transportation-of-watermelon-in-gravel-mulched-field
#8
Zhong-ming Ma, Shao-ping Du, Liang Xue
The effects of nitrogen management on yield, quality, nitrogen and dry matter accumulation and transportation of watermelon in sand field were studied based on a field experiment. The results showed that too low or too high basal nitrogen fertilzation was unfavorable to seedling growth of watermelon in sand field, and no nitrogen application at vine extension or fruiting stages limited the formation of 'source' or 'sink'. At the same nitrogen rate, compared with the traditional T1 treatment (30% basal N fertilizer + 70% N fertilizer in vine extension), the nitrogen and dry matter accumulation of vegetative organs of T4 treatment (30% basal N fertilizer + 30% N fertilizer in vine extension + 40% N fertilizer in fruiting) and T6 treatment (100% basal N fertilizer + NAM) were reduced significantly, but the nitrogen and dry matter accumulation of fruit were increased significantly in the flushing period...
November 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785555/-effects-of-led-qualities-on-quality-and-antioxidation-capacity-of-eggplant-fruits
#9
Ya-hua Li, Long Chen, Rong-guang Gao, Feng-juan Yang, Xiu-feng Wang, Min Wei, Qing-hua Shi, Qing-huan Mi
The effects of red light, blue light, red+blue light and white light (control) generated by LED on the quality and antioxidation capacity of fruit and yield of ' Brita' eggplants were stu died. The results showed that under blue LED, the soluble protein, free amino acids contents o eggplant pulps and the anthocyanin content of eggplant peels were significantly higher by 15.1%, 27.2% and 73.6% than control respectively, but flavonoid and phenolic contents of pulps and the yield were significantly lower than those of the other treatments...
September 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773475/changes-in-biochemical-compounds-in-flesh-and-peel-from-prunus-persica-fruits-grown-in-tunisia-during-two-maturation-stages
#10
Samia Dabbou, Carola Lussiana, Samira Maatallah, Laura Gasco, Hichem Hajlaoui, Guido Flamini
Plants can synthesize tens to hundreds of thousands of primary and secondary metabolites with diverse biological properties and functions. Fatty acids (FA), phenolic compounds (PC) and volatile compounds (VC) of flesh and peel from three Prunus persica cultivars were evaluated at the Regional Centre of Agricultural Research--Experimental Farm (Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia) during two maturation stages. Palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids are the most abundant FA in Prunus persica cultivars. A genetic effect on FA composition was observed throughout the two sampling periods...
March 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527344/farm-and-product-carbon-footprints-of-china-s-fruit-production-life-cycle-inventory-of-representative-orchards-of-five-major-fruits
#11
Ming Yan, Kun Cheng, Qian Yue, Yu Yan, Robert M Rees, Genxing Pan
Understanding the environmental impacts of fruit production will provide fundamental information for policy making of fruit consumption and marketing. This study aims to characterize the carbon footprints of China's fruit production and to figure out the key greenhouse gas emissions to cut with improved orchard management. Yearly input data of materials and energy in a full life cycle from material production to fruit harvest were obtained via field visits to orchards of five typical fruit types from selected areas of China...
March 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449529/antioxidant-capacity-and-cytotoxicity-of-sulfated-polysaccharide-tlh-3-from-tricholoma-lobayense
#12
Xuehui Li, Yongming Lu, Wenna Zhang, Shixiong Yuan, Liyuan Zhou, Liming Wang, Qiuying Ding, Dandan Wang, Weiwei Yang, Zhengnan Cai, Yan Chen
Polysaccharide TLH-3 from the fruit body of Tricholoma lobayense Heim has shown outstanding antioxidant activity. In order to further explore it, TLH-3 was successfully modified to obtain a sulfated derivative (STLH-3). The chemical characteristics of STLH-3 and TLH-3 were determined by high performance liquid chromatography and infrared spectroscopy. Antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity of the samples were investigated in vitro. The antioxidant activities of STLH-3 were significantly improved. In the four indicators of antioxidant activity, the 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide anion scavenging activities of STLH-3 have exceeded that of Vitamin C (Vc)...
January 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26447635/slight-fermentation-with-lactobacillus-fermentium-improves-the-taste-sugar-acid-ratio-of-citrus-citrus-reticulata-cv-chachiensis-juice
#13
Yuanshan Yu, Gengsheng Xiao, Yujuan Xu, Jijun Wu, Manqin Fu, Jing Wen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that fermentation with Lactobacillus fermentium, which can metabolize citric acid, could be applied in improving the taste (sugar:acid ratio) of citrus juice. During fermentation, the strain of L. fermentium can preferentially utilize citric acid of citrus (Citrus reticulata cv. Chachiensis) juice to support the growth without the consumption of sugar. After 6 h of fermentation with L. fermentium at 30 °C, the sugar:acid ratio of citrus juice increased to 22:1 from 12:1, which resulted in that the hedonic scores of sweetness, acidity and overall acceptability of fermented-pasteurized citrus juice were higher than the unfermented-pasteurized citrus juice...
November 2015: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26304444/encapsulation-artocarpanone-and-ascorbic-acid-in-o-w-microemulsions-preparation-characterization-and-antibrowning-effects-in-apple-juice
#14
Xue Dong, Qin Zhu, Yaqing Dai, Jianfei He, Hongyang Pan, Jie Chen, Zong-Ping Zheng
The aim of this study is to improve artocarpanone solubility by developing an O/W microemulsion with the evaluation of its antibrowning effects. The chemical and physical stabilities as well as antibrowning effects in apple juice were also evaluated. The formulation of artocarpanone microemulsion consisted of 4% w/w of ethyl butyrate, 10.67% w/w of Tween 80, 5.33% w/w of polyethylene glycol 400, and 80% w/w of water, with a maximum solubility of artocarpanone up to 10.54 ± 0.01 mg/mL, at least 3000-folds increase in solubility compared that in water...
February 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25097289/profound-hypoglycemia-%C3%A4-nduced-by-vaccinium-corymbosum-juice-and-laurocerasus-fruit
#15
Ahmet Hamdi Aktan, Abdullah Ozcelik, Erkan Cure, Medine Cumhur Cure, Suleyman Yuce
An emergency intervention was performed in a 75-year-old male patient with hypoglycemic attack and blackout. Although he was diagnosed with prediabetes before 2 years, he did not take any anti-diabetic drug or follow dietary advice. He drank Vaccinium corymbosum L (VC) juice daily with a belief that it increases sexual potency. Before the development of hypoglycemia, the patient had consumed about 500 ml VC juice in addition to eating 200-300 gram of Laurocerasus officinalis (LO) fruit. The measured plasma glucose (PG) level during loss of consciousness was 30 mg/dl...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25054180/growth-and-comprehensive-quality-index-of-tomato-under-rain-shelters-in-response-to-different-irrigation-and-drainage-treatments
#16
Guang-cheng Shao, Ming-hui Wang, Na Liu, Min Yuan, Prem Kumar, Dong-Li She
The effects of two levels of irrigation water (100%, 60%) and buried underground pipe depths (0.8 m, 0.6 m) under rain shelters' conditions on yield and some quality parameters of tomato were investigated. A fully randomized factorial experiment was conducted between April and August in 2011 and 2012 at Hohai University. It was found that drainage treatments enhanced biomass production, whereas soil desiccation led to biomass reduction. At 60 cm buried underground pipe depths, the drought treatments increased the mean root weight and root-shoot ratio by 14% and 39%, respectively...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25029482/ascorbic-acid-enhances-oxidative-stress-tolerance-and-biological-control-efficacy-of-pichia-caribbica-against-postharvest-blue-mold-decay-of-apples
#17
Chaolan Li, Hongyin Zhang, Qiya Yang, Mahunu Gustav Komla, Xiaoyun Zhang, Shuyun Zhu
The effect of ascorbic acid (VC) on improving oxidative stress tolerance of Pichia caribbica and biocontrol efficacy against blue mold caused by Penicillium expansum on apples was investigated. P. caribbica showed susceptibility to the oxidative stress in vitro test, and 250 μg/mL VC treatment improved its oxidative stress tolerance. The higher viability exhibited by VC-treated yeast was associated with a lower intracellular ROS level. The activities of antioxidant enzymes of P. caribbica were improved by VC treatment, including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX)...
July 30, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24971146/in-vivo-antioxidant-and-anti-skin-aging-activities-of-ethyl-acetate-extraction-from-idesia-polycarpa-defatted-fruit-residue-in-aging-mice-induced-by-d-galactose
#18
Yang Ye, Ran-Ran Jia, Lin Tang, Fang Chen
Two different concentrations of D-galactose (D-gal) induced organism and skin aging in Kunming mice were used to examine comprehensively the antioxidant and antiaging activities of ethyl acetate extraction (EAE) from Idesia polycarpa defatted fruit residue for the first time. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of EAE was 13.09 ± 0.11  μ mol Trolox equivalents (TE)/mg, which showed EAE had great in vitro free radical scavenging and antioxidant activity. Biochemical indexes and morphological analysis of all tested tissues showed that EAE could effectively improve the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) of the antioxidant defense system of the aging mice, enhance the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) of tissues and serum, increase glutathione (GSH) content and decrease the malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and maintain the skin collagen, elastin, and moisture content...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24946699/effect-of-vermicast-generated-from-an-allelopathic-weed-lantana-lantana-camara-on-seed-germination-plant-growth-and-yield-of-cluster-bean-cyamopsis-tetragonoloba
#19
M Karthikeyan, N Hussain, S Gajalakshmi, S A Abbasi
In perhaps the first-ever study of its kind, the effect of vermicompost, derived solely from an allelopathic weed, on the germination, growth, and yield of a botanical species, has been carried out. In test plots, the soil was treated with the vermicompost of lantana (Lantana camara) at the rates of 5, 7.5, and 10 t ha(-1), and cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) was grown on it. The performance of these systems was compared with the systems in which the soil was fortified with inorganic fertilizers (IFs) in concentrations equivalent to those present in the respective vermicompost (VC) treatments...
November 2014: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24915829/bioactivity-evaluation-of-ingredients-identified-from-the-fruits-of-amomum-tsaoko-crevost-et-lemaire-a-chinese-spice
#20
Tian-Tian Zhang, Chuan-Li Lu, Jian-Guo Jiang
In this work, a phytochemical investigation was conducted on Amomum tsaoko Crevost et Lemaire, a traditional Chinese spice. Based on spectroscopic methods including MS, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, DEPT135 and HMQC spectroscopy, eight main chemical compositions, sitosterol, daucosterol, meso-hannokinol, quercetin, epicatechin, quercetin-7-O-β-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-β-glucoside, and catechol, were isolated and identified from A. tsaoko, among which quercetin, quercetin-7-O-β-glucoside and quercetin-3-O-β-glucoside were first found in A...
August 2014: Food & Function
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