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Cardio training

Gareth A Wallis, Javier T Gonzalez
The objective of this review paper is to evaluate the impact of undertaking aerobic exercise in the overnight-fasted v. fed-state, in the context of optimising the health benefits of regular physical activity. Conducting a single bout of aerobic exercise in the overnight-fasted v. fed-state can differentially modulate the aspects of metabolism and energy balance behaviours. This includes, but is not limited to, increased utilisation of fat as a fuel source, improved plasma lipid profiles, enhanced activation of molecular signalling pathways related to fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, and reductions in energy intake over the course of a day...
October 18, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Said El-Ashker, Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Olaf Prieske, Urs Granacher
This study aimed at examining physiological responses (i.e., oxygen uptake [VO₂] and heart rate [HR]) to a semi-contact 3 × 3-min format, amateur boxing combat simulation in elite level male boxers. Eleven boxers aged 21.4 ± 2.1 years (body height 173.4 ± 3.7, body mass 74.9 ± 8.6 kg, body fat 12.1 ± 1.9, training experience 5.7 ± 1.3 years) volunteered to participate in this study. They performed a maximal graded aerobic test on a motor-driven treadmill to determine maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max ), oxygen uptake (VO2AT ) and heart rate (HRAT ) at the anaerobic threshold, and maximal heart rate (HRmax )...
October 15, 2018: Sports
Sam N Scott, Matt Cocks, Rob C Andrews, Parth Narendran, Tejpal S Purewal, Daniel J Cuthbertson, Anton J M Wagenmakers, Sam O Shepherd
AIMS: To investigate whether 1) six weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIT) induces similar improvements in cardio-metabolic health markers as moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in people with type 1 diabetes, and 2) whether HIT abolishes acute reductions in plasma glucose observed following MICT sessions. METHODS: Fourteen sedentary individuals with type 1 diabetes (n=7 per group) completed six weeks of HIT or MICT 3 times per week. Pre- and post-training measurements were made of 24h interstitial glucose profiles (using continuous glucose monitors (CGMS)) and cardio-metabolic health markers (V˙O2peak, blood lipid profile and aortic pulse wave velocity; aPWV)...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Maryam Kazemi, Laura E McBreairty, Donna R Chizen, Roger A Pierson, Philip D Chilibeck, Gordon A Zello
We compared the effects of a low-glycemic index pulse-based diet, containing lentils, beans, split peas, and chickpeas, to the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) diet on cardio-metabolic measures in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Ninety-five women (18⁻35 years) enrolled in a 16-week intervention; 30 women in the pulse-based and 31 in the TLC groups completed the study. Women participated in aerobic exercise training (minimum 5 days/week for 45 min/day) and were counselled (monthly) about PCOS and lifestyle modification...
September 30, 2018: Nutrients
Rune Sarauw Lundsgaard, Kristine Sarauw Lundsgaard
BACKGROUND: Awareness during Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) also called CPR induced consciousness (CPRIC) is a rare, but increasingly reported condition with significant clinical implications. Health professionals lack guidelines about patients with CPRIC, and to this date, no studies have addressed the complexity of communication and ethical aspects when continuing CPR while the patient is conscious. METHODS: We aim to explore Cardiac arrest team members perspectives regarding communication and ethical conflicts related to awareness during CPR...
September 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Minsuk Oh, Sue Kim, Ki-Yong An, Jihee Min, Hyuk In Yang, Junga Lee, Mi Kyung Lee, Dong-Il Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that alternate day calorie restriction (ADCR) or exercise has positive effects on cardio-metabolic risk factors. It is unclear whether the combined effect of ADCR and exercise (aerobic + resistance training) influences risk. We investigated effects of an 8-week ADCR and exercise program (aerobic + resistance training) on cardio-metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults. METHODS: This study randomized 45 overweight or obese but healthy adults (F = 26, M = 19; aged about 32 to 40 years) into 4 groups: ADCR (n = 13), exercise (n = 10), exercise plus ADCR (n = 12), and control (n = 10) for 8 weeks...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Manar M Badawy, Qassim I Muaidi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aerobic power, expressed relative to body mass, of different Saudi elite players is one of the most important area of interest and with great values because of its restrictively that reported in the previously literatures, the present study was conducted to investigate the aerobic characteristics of Saudi elite, Saudi triathlon and soccer players and to compare between measures of aerobic power between both players using graded treadmill protocol to assess maximal cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max), within a groups of high trained youth Saudi elite players...
2018: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Maciej Łuczak, Sławomir Jandziś, Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis
Based on source materials, this article presents the activity of Prof. Eugeniusz Piasecki towards the development of physiotherapy in Poland. After completing his studies at the Faculty of Medicine of Jagiellonian University and a pedagogical course in physical education for gymnastics teachers at secondary schools and teacher training centres, he went to Vienna to deepen his knowledge of medical gymnastics and hydrotherapy. During a scientific trip to Sweden, he became acquainted with Pehr Henrique Ling's method...
April 16, 2018: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Amy Elizabeth Peden, Richard Charles Franklin, Peter Adrian Leggat
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Rivers are a leading location for fatal drowning worldwide; often geographically isolated from timely medical assistance. Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) benefits drowning victims and those who suffer cardiac arrests. This study explored CPR and first aid training of river users in Australia. METHODS: Adult river users (18+ years) were surveyed at four high-risk river drowning sites. Respondents were asked the last time they undertook CPR (responses converted into: 'CPR ever undertaken' -yes/no; and 'CPR training current' -yes/no (training undertaken ≤12 months ago)...
August 22, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
David Weidenauer, Thomas Hamp, Christoph Schriefl, Caroline Holaubek, Markus Gattinger, Mario Krammel, Markus Winnisch, Ana Weidenauer, Gerald Mundigler, Irene Lang, Wolfgang Schreiber, Fritz Sterz, Harald Herkner, Hans Domanovits
BACKGROUND: Cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation (CPR) training starting at the age of 12 years is recommended internationally. Training younger children is not recommended because young children lack the physical ability to perform adequate CPR and discouragement to perform CPR later is apprehended. The aim of this study was to answer the following questions: Are younger children discouraged after CPR training? Is discouragement caused by their lack in physical ability to perform adequate chest compressions on a standard manikin and would the use of manikins with a reduced resistance affect their motivation or performance? METHODS: We investigated the motivation and CPR performance of children aged 8-13 years after CPR training on manikins of different chest stiffness in a prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
Charlie C Hall, Jean Lugton, Juliet Anne Spiller, Emma Carduff
OBJECTIVES: Do Not Attempt Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) discussions with patients and their caregivers have been subjected to intense ethical and legal debate in recent years. Legal cases and national guidelines have tried to clarify the best approach to DNACPR discussions; however, there is little evidence of how best to approach them from the patient, family or caregiver perspective. This paper describes published accounts of patient, family and caregiver experiences of discussions about advance cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) decision making...
August 14, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Kemi Ogunsina, Daniel T Dibaba, Tomi Akinyemiju
Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases has increased rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Past studies have reported an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardio-metabolic risk factors, but most have focused on upper income countries. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between SES over the life-course and the burden of cardio-metabolic risk factors in middle-income countries. Methods: A total of 38 297 adults from China, Mexico, India, South Africa and Russia were included in this cross-sectional study...
December 2018: Journal of Global Health
Abdullah Alansare, Ken Alford, Sukho Lee, Tommie Church, Hyun Chul Jung
Physically inactive adults are prevalent worldwide. This study compared the effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on heart rate variability (HRV) in physically inactive adults as a preliminary study. Thirteen physically inactive male adults (27.5 ± 3.80 years) were randomly assigned to HIIT (N = 7) or MICT (N = 6). The HIIT program consisted of 20 min of interval training with cycling to rest ratio of 10/50 s at ≥90% HRpeak , while the MICT program consisted of 40 min of continuous cycling at 60⁻75% HRpeak ...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Abigail Morris, Rebecca Murphy, Sam Shepherd, Lee Graves
Contact centre call agents are highly sedentary at work, which can negatively affect cardio-metabolic health. This qualitative cross-sectional study explored factors influencing call agents' workplace physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB), and perspectives on strategies to help agents move more and sit less at work. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with call agents ( n = 20), team leaders ( n = 11) and senior staff ( n = 12) across four contact centres were guided by the socio-ecological model and analysed thematically...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Karin Niedermann, Irina Nast, Adrian Ciurea, Thea Vliet Vlieland, Leti van Bodegom-Vos
OBJECTIVE: Vigorous cardio-respiratory training (vCRT) in patients with axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is effective, safe and feasible, however not yet adopted in axSpA exercise programmes. We therefore aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators for vCRT among patients, physiotherapists (PTs) and rheumatologists. METHODS: "Stakeholder-specific surveys examined perceptions of barriers and facilitators to vCRT organized under categories identified by Grol & Wensing...
July 13, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Gordon McGregor, Stuart Ennis, Richard Powell, Thomas Hamborg, Neil T Raymond, William Owen, Nicolas Aldridge, Gail Evans, Josie Goodby, Sue Hewins, Prithwish Banerjee, Nithya S Krishnan, Stephen M S Ting, Daniel Zehnder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise capacity is reduced in chronic kidney failure (CKF). Intra-dialytic cycling is beneficial, but comorbidity and fatigue can prevent this type of training. Low-frequency electrical muscle stimulation (LF-EMS) of the quadriceps and hamstrings elicits a cardiovascular training stimulus and may be a suitable alternative. The main objectives of this trial were to assess the feasibility and efficacy of intra-dialytic LF-EMS vs. cycling. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Assessor blind, parallel group, randomized controlled pilot study with sixty-four stable patients on maintenance hemodialysis...
2018: PloS One
Kathrin Rehfeld, Angie Lüders, Anita Hökelmann, Volkmar Lessmann, Joern Kaufmann, Tanja Brigadski, Patrick Müller, Notger G Müller
Animal research indicates that a combination of physical activity and sensory enrichment has the largest and the only sustaining effect on adult neuroplasticity. Dancing has been suggested as a human homologue to this combined intervention as it poses demands on both physical and cognitive functions. For the present exploratory study, we designed an especially challenging dance program in which our elderly participants constantly had to learn novel and increasingly difficult choreographies. This six-month-long program was compared to conventional fitness training matched for intensity...
2018: PloS One
Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Hiroshi Kumagai, Toru Yoshikawa, Kanae Myoenzono, Rina So, Takeshi Otsuki, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
The circulatory level of pentraxin3 (PTX3), an anti-inflammatory cardio-protective protein, has been known to be lower in obese individuals than in those with normal weight. However, reports on the effects of different weight-loss methods on PTX3 were limited. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of weight loss on the circulating PTX3 levels in overweight and obese men and to examine the combined effect of dietary modification and exercise training on PTX3 levels. Forty-eight overweight and obese men were assigned to two groups: the dietary modification (group D) or exercise training and dietary modification (group DE)...
July 10, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Dieter Melchart, Erich Wühr, Kristina Wifling, Beatrice E Bachmeier
BACKGROUND: Unfavorable lifestyle factors influence the risk of stress disorders. For risk reduction, lifestyle modifications, such as regular physical activity, balanced nutrition and competence in stress management, are a means of choice. The clinical study examines the efficacy of an intensive lifestyle intervention, named Individual Health Management (IHM), - with regard to a reduction of perceived stress. The study is supported by the major regional health insurance, which conducts, in cooperation with the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) hospital, Bad Kötzting, a local model project offering insurants the IHM program as prevention measure against stress and related aftermath...
July 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Maria João Fonseca, Milton Severo, Debbie A Lawlor, Henrique Barros, Ana Cristina Santos
BACKGROUND: Newborn weight change (NWC) in the first 4 days represents short-term adaptations to external environment. It may be a key developmental period for future cardio-metabolic health, but this has not been explored. We aimed to determine the associations of NWC with childhood cardio-metabolic traits. METHODS: As part of Generation XXI birth cohort, children were recruited in 2005/2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto...
July 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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