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Cardio training

Charlie C Hall, Jean Lugton, Juliet Anne Spiller, Emma Carduff
OBJECTIVES: Do Not Attempt Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) discussions with patients and their caregivers have been subjected to intense ethical and legal debate in recent years. Legal cases and national guidelines have tried to clarify the best approach to DNACPR discussions; however, there is little evidence of how best to approach them from the patient, family or caregiver perspective. This paper describes published accounts of patient, family and caregiver experiences of discussions about advance cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) decision making...
August 14, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Kemi Ogunsina, Daniel T Dibaba, Tomi Akinyemiju
Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases has increased rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Past studies have reported an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardio-metabolic risk factors, but most have focused on upper income countries. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between SES over the life-course and the burden of cardio-metabolic risk factors in middle-income countries. Methods: A total of 38 297 adults from China, Mexico, India, South Africa and Russia were included in this cross-sectional study...
December 2018: Journal of Global Health
Abdullah Alansare, Ken Alford, Sukho Lee, Tommie Church, Hyun Chul Jung
Physically inactive adults are prevalent worldwide. This study compared the effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on heart rate variability (HRV) in physically inactive adults as a preliminary study. Thirteen physically inactive male adults (27.5 ± 3.80 years) were randomly assigned to HIIT (N = 7) or MICT (N = 6). The HIIT program consisted of 20 min of interval training with cycling to rest ratio of 10/50 s at ≥90% HRpeak , while the MICT program consisted of 40 min of continuous cycling at 60⁻75% HRpeak ...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Abigail Morris, Rebecca Murphy, Sam Shepherd, Lee Graves
Contact centre call agents are highly sedentary at work, which can negatively affect cardio-metabolic health. This qualitative cross-sectional study explored factors influencing call agents' workplace physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB), and perspectives on strategies to help agents move more and sit less at work. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with call agents ( n = 20), team leaders ( n = 11) and senior staff ( n = 12) across four contact centres were guided by the socio-ecological model and analysed thematically...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Karin Niedermann, Irina Nast, Adrian Ciurea, Thea Vliet Vlieland, Leti van Bodegom-Vos
OBJECTIVE: Vigorous cardio-respiratory training (vCRT) in patients with axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is effective, safe and feasible, however not yet adopted in axSpA exercise programmes. We therefore aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators for vCRT among patients, physiotherapists (PTs) and rheumatologists. METHODS: "Stakeholder-specific surveys examined perceptions of barriers and facilitators to vCRT organized under categories identified by Grol & Wensing...
July 13, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Gordon McGregor, Stuart Ennis, Richard Powell, Thomas Hamborg, Neil T Raymond, William Owen, Nicolas Aldridge, Gail Evans, Josie Goodby, Sue Hewins, Prithwish Banerjee, Nithya S Krishnan, Stephen M S Ting, Daniel Zehnder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise capacity is reduced in chronic kidney failure (CKF). Intra-dialytic cycling is beneficial, but comorbidity and fatigue can prevent this type of training. Low-frequency electrical muscle stimulation (LF-EMS) of the quadriceps and hamstrings elicits a cardiovascular training stimulus and may be a suitable alternative. The main objectives of this trial were to assess the feasibility and efficacy of intra-dialytic LF-EMS vs. cycling. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Assessor blind, parallel group, randomized controlled pilot study with sixty-four stable patients on maintenance hemodialysis...
2018: PloS One
Kathrin Rehfeld, Angie Lüders, Anita Hökelmann, Volkmar Lessmann, Joern Kaufmann, Tanja Brigadski, Patrick Müller, Notger G Müller
Animal research indicates that a combination of physical activity and sensory enrichment has the largest and the only sustaining effect on adult neuroplasticity. Dancing has been suggested as a human homologue to this combined intervention as it poses demands on both physical and cognitive functions. For the present exploratory study, we designed an especially challenging dance program in which our elderly participants constantly had to learn novel and increasingly difficult choreographies. This six-month-long program was compared to conventional fitness training matched for intensity...
2018: PloS One
Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Hiroshi Kumagai, Toru Yoshikawa, Kanae Myoenzono, Rina So, Takeshi Otsuki, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
The circulatory level of pentraxin3 (PTX3), an anti-inflammatory cardio-protective protein, has been known to be lower in obese individuals than in those with normal weight. However, reports on the effects of different weight-loss methods on PTX3 were limited. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of weight loss on the circulating PTX3 levels in overweight and obese men and to examine the combined effect of dietary modification and exercise training on PTX3 levels. Forty-eight overweight and obese men were assigned to two groups: the dietary modification (group D) or exercise training and dietary modification (group DE)...
July 10, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Dieter Melchart, Erich Wühr, Kristina Wifling, Beatrice E Bachmeier
BACKGROUND: Unfavorable lifestyle factors influence the risk of stress disorders. For risk reduction, lifestyle modifications, such as regular physical activity, balanced nutrition and competence in stress management, are a means of choice. The clinical study examines the efficacy of an intensive lifestyle intervention, named Individual Health Management (IHM), - with regard to a reduction of perceived stress. The study is supported by the major regional health insurance, which conducts, in cooperation with the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) hospital, Bad Kötzting, a local model project offering insurants the IHM program as prevention measure against stress and related aftermath...
July 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Maria João Fonseca, Milton Severo, Debbie A Lawlor, Henrique Barros, Ana Cristina Santos
BACKGROUND: Newborn weight change (NWC) in the first 4 days represents short-term adaptations to external environment. It may be a key developmental period for future cardio-metabolic health, but this has not been explored. We aimed to determine the associations of NWC with childhood cardio-metabolic traits. METHODS: As part of Generation XXI birth cohort, children were recruited in 2005/2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto...
July 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Alessandro Biffi, Fredrick Fernando, Paolo Emilio Adami, Michele Messina, Felice Sirico, Fernando Di Paolo, Roberta Coluccia, Claudio Borghi, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Preventive strategies based on advice and interventions on lifestyle habits represent the most powerful resource available to reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Workplace represents an unmissable context for lifestyle changes at population level. AIM: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of a corporate wellness program in a cohort of healthy and physically active employees of the Ferrari car manufacturer. METHODS: A corporate wellness program, named "Ferrari Formula Benessere", was proposed to adult individuals working in a Ferrari car company at Maranello, Modena (Italy)...
June 28, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
Louise Rundqvist, Jan Engvall, Maria Faresjö, Peter Blomstrand
The aims of the study were to explore the temporal change of cardiac function after peak exercise in adolescents, and to investigate how these functional changes relate to maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ). The cohort consisted of 27 endurance-trained adolescents aged 13-19 years, and 27 controls individually matched by age and gender. Standard echocardiography and colour tissue Doppler were performed at rest, and immediately after as well as 15 min after a maximal cardio pulmonary exercise test (CPET) on a treadmill...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Ruth E Ashton, Garry A Tew, Jonathan J Aning, Stephen E Gilbert, Liane Lewis, John M Saxton
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of short-term, medium-term and long-term resistance exercise training (RET) on measures of cardiometabolic health in adults. DESIGN: Intervention systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to February 2018. The search strategy included the following keywords: resistance exercise, strength training and randomised controlled trial. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials published in English comparing RET≥2 weeks in duration with a non-exercising control or usual care group...
June 22, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Johan A Snoek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Arnoud W J van 't Hof, Eva Prescott, Maria T Hopman, Evelien Kolkman, Ed P de Kluiver
INTRODUCTION: Although exercise therapy has the potential to improve health outcomes of patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF), less than 50% of patients adhere to prescribed physical activity guidelines one year after Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR). We aimed to assess the effects of an extended CR program with 12-months of Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) and resistance exercise training (RT) on exercise capacity and long-term survival in patients with CHF. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included sixty CHF patients between 2009 and 2010...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Sarju Ganatra, Salim S Hayek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Genny Raffaeli, Stefano Ghirardello, Mara Vanzati, Chiara Baracetti, Francesco Canesi, Federica Conigliaro, Valerio Gentilino, Francesco Macchini, Monica Fumagalli, Fabrizio Ciralli, Nicola Pesenti, Sofia Passera, Simona Neri, Stefania Franzini, Ernesto Leva, Laura Plevani, Fabio Mosca, Giacomo Cavallaro
Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex life-saving support for acute cardio-respiratory failure, unresponsive to medical treatment. Emergency events on ECMO are rare but require immediate and proficient management. Multidisciplinary ECMO team members need to acquire and maintain over time cognitive, technical and behavioral skills, to safely face life-threatening clinical scenarios. Methods: A multistep educational program was delivered in a 4-year period to 32 ECMO team members, based on guidelines from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Claire Vinel, Ophélie Pereira, Aude Dupuy, Justine Bertrand-Michel, Dalila Laoudj-Chenivesse, Yves Rolland, Daniel Rivière, Philippe Valet, Cédric Dray, Fabien Pillard
Introduction: Production of isoprostanes (IsoPs) is enhanced after acute, intense, and prolonged exercise, in untrained subjects. This effect is greater in older subjects. The present study aims to delineate the profile of acute-exercise-induced IsoPs levels in young and older endurance-trained subjects. Methods: All included subjects were male, young (n = 6; 29 yrs ± 5.7) or older (n = 6; 63.7 yrs ± 2.3), and competitors. The kinetics of F2 -IsoPs in blood-sera was assessed at rest, for the maximal aerobic exercise power (MAP) corresponding to the cardio-respiratory fitness index and after a 30-min recovery period...
June 2018: Biochimie Open
Wolfgang Kemmler, Anja Weissenfels, Sebastian Willert, Mahdieh Shojaa, Simon von Stengel, Andre Filipovic, Heinz Kleinöder, Joshua Berger, Michael Fröhlich
Exercise positively affects most risk factors, diseases and disabling conditions of middle to advanced age, however the majority of middle-aged to older people fall short of the exercise doses recommended for positively affecting cardio-metabolic, musculoskeletal and neurophysiological fitness or disabling conditions. Whole-Body Electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) may be a promising exercise technology for people unable or unmotivated to exercise conventionally. However, until recently there has been a dearth of evidence with respect to WB-EMS-induced effects on health-related outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Billy Sperlich, Lea-Sofie Hahn, Antonia Edel, Tino Behr, Julian Helmprobst, Robert Leppich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The present study was designed to assess the psycho-physiological responses of physically untrained individuals to mobile-based multi-stimulating, circuit-like, multiple-joint conditioning (CircuitHIIT ) performed either once (1xCircuitHIIT ) or twice (2xCircuitHIIT ) daily for 4 weeks. In this single-center, two-arm randomized, controlled study, 24 men and women (age: 25 ± 5 years) first received no training instructions for 4 weeks and then performed 4 weeks of either 1xCircuitHIIT or 2xCircuitHIIT (5 men and 7 women in each group) daily...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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