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Slim body

Roger Noun, Rita Slim, Ghassan Chakhtoura, Joseph Gharios, Elie Chouillard, Carla Tohmé-Noun
Background: Revisional surgery is becoming a common and challenging practice in bariatric centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate resectional one anastomosis gastric bypass/mini gastric bypass (R-OAGB/MGB) as a revisional procedure. Methods: From January 2016 to February 2017, data on 21 consecutive patients undergoing R-OAGB/MGB for weight loss failure after primary restrictive procedures were prospectively collected and analysed. Results: Mean age was 39 ± 12 years (18-65), and 11 (52...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Lewis G Halsey
The obesity epidemic in humans is juxtaposed by observations of passerine birds exhibiting fine-scale body mass regulation. The ecology literature is replete with research into why these animals regulate body weight, citing tradeoffs between competing pressures such as emaciation and predation. Yet studies on the underlying mechanisms of mass regulation in these animals are scarce. Maintaining or decreasing weight could obviously be achieved by limiting food intake. However, there are numerous reasons why an animal may not control ingestion, at least precisely...
October 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Łukasz Kryst, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Małgorzata Kowal, Jan Sobiecki
OBJECTIVES: Measurements of body circumferences are often used in anthropology. The research on this topic, however, rarely concerns limb girths or secular trends. The main aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of secular trends in selected limb circumferences among children and adolescents. METHODS: The research was based on measurements from two cross-sectional studies carried out in 1983 and 2010 with children and adolescents aged 3-18 from Krakow, Poland...
September 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Fujikawa, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate possible changes in the demographic and clinical characteristics of Japanese patients with eating disorders using a consecutive series of patients who presented at Kyoto University Hospital between 1963 and 2004. We also studied cultural factors related to eating disorders over time. METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of a cohort of patients using a checklist based on the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ki-Hoon Park, Dhananjay Yadav, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
There has been no information about the correlations between body weight distribution and lipoprotein metabolism in terms of high-density lipoproteins-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In this study, we analyzed the quantity and quality of HDL correlations in young women (21.5 ± 1.2-years-old) with a slim ( n = 21, 46.2 ± 3.8 kg) or plump ( n = 30, 54.6 ± 4.4 kg) body weight. Body weight was inversely correlated with the percentage of HDL-C in total cholesterol (TC). The plump group showed 40% higher body fat (26 ± 3 %) and 86% more visceral fat mass (VFM, 1...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Nicola J Buckland, Diana Camidge, Fiona Croden, Jacquelynne H Lavin, R James Stubbs, Marion M Hetherington, John E Blundell, Graham Finlayson
Background: Low energy-dense (LED) foods reduce energy intake (EI); whether this effect is sustained over time and during weight loss is unknown. Objective: This trial examined the effects of LED compared with high energy-dense (HED) meals on appetite, EI, and control over eating in the laboratory and during a weight-management program that encourages unrestricted intake of LED foods [Slimming World, UK (SW)] compared with a self-led Standard Care program [NHS weight-loss plan (SC)]...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Emmanuelle Bostock, Kenneth Kirkby, Michael Garry, Bruce Taylor, Jason A Hawrelak
Background: DSM-5 introduced the diagnostic category of substance/medication-induced bipolar and related disorder. This systematic review examines published reports linking mania with the consumption of herbal medicines (HM), excluding cannabis. Putative pathophysiological mechanisms that may account for the reported HM being associated with mania are discussed. Methods: A systematic search of EMBASE, CINAHL, Health Source, PsychINFO, and PubMed. The quality of case reports meeting inclusion criteria was assessed using the modified Quality Assessment Scale by Agbabiaka...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Judith Baert, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Jean-Pierre Van Biervliet, Johan Vande Walle, Felicia Bentin, Liesl De Graeve, Doris Vandenbossche, Ann De Guchtenaere
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a 1-year standardized residential slimming program on exercise-induced dehydration in children with obesity. METHOD: At the start (T1 ) and end (T2 ) of the program, urine samples, weight, blood pressure and pulse were collected before (TR ) and after a Cooper test (TE ). Urinary samples were analyzed for volume, Na (UNa ), Cl, K (UK ), urea, creatinine (Ucreat ), protein and osmolality (Uosm ). RESULTS: All 66 children (15 ± 1 years) starting the program were included after informed consent (28 stopped prematurely)...
July 20, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Juan Decara, Antonia Serrano, Francisco Javier Pavón, Patricia Rivera, Rocio Arco, Ana Gavito, Antonio Vargas, Juan A Navarro, Ruben Tovar, Antonio J Lopez-Gambero, Ana Martínez, Juan Suárez, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Elena Baixeras
Chronic NP-1 administration reduces body weight and hepatic steatosis despite induction of tolerance in adiponectin gene transcription with respect to the acute actions of this drug. This study explored the hypothesis that NP-1 could exert these effects through mechanisms independent of adiponectin. To this aim, we took advantage of the Zucker (fa/fa) rat model, which exhibits obesity, fatty liver and elevated leptin and adiponectin levels. Body weight and food intake were reduced after chronic NP-1 treatment...
June 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Valentina Cazzato, Stergios Makris
Mounting research evidence suggests that motor resonance (MR, i.e., the mapping of others' actions onto one's own motor repertoire) can be influenced by diverse factors related to individual differences. However, no evidence has been reported so far on the effects of physical appearance and negative attitudes toward obesity to the mechanism of MR. Thirty-six participants (18 normal-weight and 18 overweight) performed a weight discrimination task, in which they were observing amateur actors reaching and grasping a light or heavy cube with or without deception (true vs...
June 8, 2018: Psychological Research
Sumathi Sivapalasingam, Mohamed Kamal, Rabih Slim, Romana Hosain, Weiping Shao, Randall Stoltz, Joseph Yen, Laura G Pologe, Yuan Cao, Michael Partridge, Giane Sumner, Leah Lipsich
BACKGROUND: REGN3470-3471-3479 is a co-formulated cocktail of three human monoclonal antibodies targeting three non-overlapping epitopes on Ebola virus. We investigated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and anti-drug antibodies in healthy adults. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study was done at a phase 1 unit in the USA. Healthy adults, aged 18-60 years, with a body-mass index of 18·0-30·0 kg/m2 were randomly assigned (3:1) to receive a single intravenous dose of REGN3470-3471-3479 or placebo on day 1 (baseline) in one of the four sequential ascending intravenous dose cohorts (3 mg/kg, 15 mg/kg, 60 mg/kg, and 150 mg/kg)...
August 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jiyoung Yun, Hyung Hwa Jeong, Jonghan Cho, Eun Key Kim, Jin Sup Eom, Hyun Ho Han
BACKGROUND: Slim patients or those with large breasts may be ineligible for breast reconstruction with an abdominal flap, as the volume of the flap may be insufficient. This study aimed to establish that abdominal tissue-based breast reconstruction can be well suited for Korean patients, despite their thin body habitus. METHODS: A total of 252 patients who underwent postmastectomy breast reconstruction with an abdominal flap from October 2006 to May 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Alexandra Zvereva, Florian Kamp, Helmut Schlattl, Maria Zankl, Katia Parodi
PURPOSE: Variance-based sensitivity analysis (SA) is described and applied to the radiation dosimetry model proposed by the Committee on Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) for the organ-level absorbed dose calculations in nuclear medicine. The uncertainties in the dose coefficients thus calculated are also evaluated. METHODS: A Monte Carlo approach was used to compute first-order and total-effect SA indices, which rank the input factors according to their influence on the uncertainty in the output organ doses...
July 2018: Medical Physics
Greta Rondini, Beatrice Olearo, José Miguel Soriano Del Castillo, Pietro Marco Boselli
INTRODUCTION: to establish slimming guidelines and any other changing treatments is useful to know the individual's energy expenditure due to the fact that, nowadays, the incidence of many diseases related to the loss of lean mass and the accumulation of adipose tissue has increased. The dietary treatments are carried out on calculating the energy contained in food, and then put in relation to the total energy expended by the body in order to produce changes in body mass. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the food energy and body mass of different subjects in various pathophysiological conditions...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Kaiyan Dong, Qian Yang, Fujiao Duan, Shuying Liang, Nan Ma, Wei Nie, Yali Yan, Ye Zhang, Rui Peng, Shuaibing Wang, Chunhua Song, Kaijuan Wang
Estimating population attributable risks of potential modifiable risk factors for stroke and (or) myocardial infarction may be useful for planning cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive strategies. A population of 17,292 adults aged 18 years and older from a cross-sectional survey was included in the study. The binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between risk factors with disease events, then population attributable fraction according to prevalence and odds ratios were calculated to identify and compare the effects at different subpopulations...
July 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Yvana Bocage-Barthélémy, Armand Chatard, Nematollah Jaafari, Nina Tello, Joël Billieux, Emmanuel Daveau, Leila Selimbegović
Women are routinely exposed to images of extremely slim female bodies (the thin ideal) in advertisements, even if they do not necessarily pay much attention to these images. We hypothesized that paradoxically, it is precisely in such conditions of low attention that the impact of the social comparison with the thin ideal might be the most pronounced. To test this prediction, one hundred and seventy-three young female participants were exposed to images of the thin ideal or of women's fashion accessories. They were allocated to either a condition of high (memorizing 10 digits) or low cognitive load (memorizing 4 digits)...
2018: PloS One
Genaro Castro-Vázquez
In light of official reports indicating a still prevalent tendency to masculinized obesity and overweight in Japan (Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare, 2015), this article explores the experiences of 28 Japanese men grappling with bodyweight control. Aged between 24 and 67, 3 of the men were postgraduate or undergraduate students, 7 self-employed, 17 company workers and 1 retired. Fourteen hold a university degree, 1 completed senior high school and 10 finished 3-year junior college. Twelve were married and 16 were single...
July 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Rym Taktak, Achwek Elghazel, Jamel Bouaziz, Slim Charfi, Hassib Keskes
Biocomposites consisting of β Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with 26.52% Fluorapatite (Fap) were elaborated and characterized in order to evaluate it potential application in bone graft substitute. Bioactivity was determined with in vitro tests by immersion of samples in simulated fluid body for several periods of times. The SEM, EDS and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy showed the deposition of apatite layer on the surface of samples showing a good bioactivity. However, after 6days of soaking, the dissolution rate of Ca2+ and PO4 3- decreased which due probably to the improvement of crystallization of the apatite layer...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Inez M Greven, Paul E Downing, Richard Ramsey
Body shape cues inferences regarding personality and health, but the neural processes underpinning such inferences remain poorly understood. Across two fMRI experiments, we test the extent to which neural networks associated with body perception and theory-of-mind (ToM) support social inferences based on body shape. Participants observed obese, muscular, and slim bodies that cued distinct social inferences as revealed in behavioural pilot experiments. To investigate judgment intentionality, the first fMRI experiment required participants to detect repeat presentations of bodies, whereas in fMRI Experiment 2 participants intentionally formed an impression...
March 13, 2018: Social Neuroscience
Thomas Sjøberg, Louis de Weerd
Background: Previous surgery or slim body configuration can limit the size of the available abdominal flap in autologous breast reconstruction. However, redundant skin and subcutaneous tissue lateral to the mastectomy site can be utilized as the pedicled lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP) flap. This study evaluates the combination of a free abdominal flap and a pedicled LICAP flap to achieve increased breast size and improved cosmetic outcome. Methods: Patients undergoing secondary autologous breast reconstruction were included in a prospective study...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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