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Slim body

María L Christiansen
The case of obesity in Mexico constitutes an emblematic example of how, in the messages emitted by public health television campaigns, strong beliefs regarding the issue of body weight prevail. The main objective is to reflect on certain epistemological effects that abound in biomedical media narratives related to obesity. To do so, aspects of the rhetoric employed in two initiatives of the Ministry of Public Health - Muévete y Métete en Cintura [Move Around and Slim Down] in 2008 and the 5 Steps Program in 2011 - are analyzed, as is the discourse surrounding the tax measure introduced by the Mexican tax service in 2017...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Andrey B Shatrov, Elena V Soldatenko, Vitaliy A Stolbov, Petr A Smirnov, Olga A Petukhova
This study is the first attempt to describe the ultrastructure and functional morphology of the dermal glands in Limnochares aquatica (L., 1758). The dermal glands were studied using light-optical, SEM and TEM microscopy methods during different stages of their activity. In contrast to the vast majority of other fresh water mites, dermal glands of the studied species are originally multiplied and scattered freely at the mite body surface. The opening of the glands is saddle-like, formed of several tight cuticular folds and oriented freely to the long axis of the mite body...
November 26, 2018: Arthropod Structure & Development
Yuka Suzuki, Ai Ikeda, Hiroo Wada, Koutatsu Maruyama, Narihisa Miyachi, Ronald Filomeno, Yohei Suzuki, Satomi Ikeda, Yumi Hashimoto, Yasunari Koyama, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in women working in the field of aged care in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for female employees aged 18-60 years in aged care facilities in Japan. The analyzed set consisted of 712 participants with complete data. SDB was determined by respiratory disturbance index (RDI), measured using an ambulatory airflow monitor with a polyvinylidene fluoride film sensor to detect nasal and oral airflow overnight at home...
November 27, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Ngoc Minh Phuong Nguyen, Zhao-Jia Ge, Ramesh Reddy, Somayyeh Fahiminiya, Philippe Sauthier, Rashmi Bagga, Feride Iffet Sahin, Sangeetha Mahadevan, Matthew Osmond, Magali Breguet, Kurosh Rahimi, Louise Lapensee, Karine Hovanes, Radhika Srinivasan, Ignatia B Van den Veyver, Trilochan Sahoo, Asangla Ao, Jacek Majewski, Teruko Taketo, Rima Slim
Androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles are human pregnancies with no embryos and affect 1 in every 1,400 pregnancies. They have mostly androgenetic monospermic genomes with all the chromosomes originating from a haploid sperm and no maternal chromosomes. Androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles were described in 1977, but how they occur has remained an open question. We identified bi-allelic deleterious mutations in MEI1, TOP6BL/C11orf80, and REC114, with roles in meiotic double-strand breaks formation in women with recurrent androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles...
November 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
Liz Croot, Melanie Rimmer, Sarah Salway, Chris Hatton, Emma Dowse, Jacquie Lavin, Sarah E Bennett, Janet Harris, Alicia O'Cathain
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) may not be able to access and respond to uniformly delivered health interventions. Public bodies have a legal duty to make 'reasonable adjustments' to policies and practices to provide fair access and treatment for people with ID. This study aimed to identify adjustments to the Slimming World weight management programme to improve accessibility and assess acceptability and feasibility for this population. METHODS: This user-centred qualitative study was carried out with a steering group of people with ID (n = 4)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Şenol Şentürk, Safak Hatirnaz, Mine Kanat-Pektaş
BACKGROUND Preptin and amylin are pancreatic hormones which participate in glucose homeostasis. This study aimed to evaluate how serum preptin and amylin levels are altered in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and healthy women based on BMI groups (<25 kg/m² and ≥25 kg/m²). MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a prospective randomized control study of 40 PCOS patients and 40 healthy women who were matched with respect to BMI (<25 kg/m² and ≥25 kg/m²). RESULTS When compared to the healthy women, PCOS patients had significantly higher ovarian volumes, Ferriman-Gallwey scores, and free and total testosterone levels, but significantly lower amylin concentrations (p=0...
October 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Roger Noun, Rita Slim, Ghassan Chakhtoura, Joseph Gharios, Elie Chouillard, Carla Tohmé-Noun
Background: Revisional surgery is becoming a common and challenging practice in bariatric centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate resectional one anastomosis gastric bypass/mini gastric bypass (R-OAGB/MGB) as a revisional procedure. Methods: From January 2016 to February 2017, data on 21 consecutive patients undergoing R-OAGB/MGB for weight loss failure after primary restrictive procedures were prospectively collected and analysed. Results: Mean age was 39 ± 12 years (18-65), and 11 (52...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Lewis G Halsey
The obesity epidemic in humans is juxtaposed by observations of passerine birds exhibiting fine-scale body mass regulation. The ecology literature is replete with research into why these animals regulate body weight, citing tradeoffs between competing pressures such as emaciation and predation. Yet studies on the underlying mechanisms of mass regulation in these animals are scarce. Maintaining or decreasing weight could obviously be achieved by limiting food intake. However, there are numerous reasons why an animal may not control ingestion, at least precisely...
October 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Łukasz Kryst, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Małgorzata Kowal, Jan Sobiecki
OBJECTIVES: Measurements of body circumferences are often used in anthropology. The research on this topic, however, rarely concerns limb girths or secular trends. The main aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of secular trends in selected limb circumferences among children and adolescents. METHODS: The research was based on measurements from two cross-sectional studies carried out in 1983 and 2010 with children and adolescents aged 3-18 from Krakow, Poland...
September 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Fujikawa, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate possible changes in the demographic and clinical characteristics of Japanese patients with eating disorders using a consecutive series of patients who presented at Kyoto University Hospital between 1963 and 2004. We also studied cultural factors related to eating disorders over time. METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of a cohort of patients using a checklist based on the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ki-Hoon Park, Dhananjay Yadav, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
There has been no information about the correlations between body weight distribution and lipoprotein metabolism in terms of high-density lipoproteins-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In this study, we analyzed the quantity and quality of HDL correlations in young women (21.5 ± 1.2-years-old) with a slim ( n = 21, 46.2 ± 3.8 kg) or plump ( n = 30, 54.6 ± 4.4 kg) body weight. Body weight was inversely correlated with the percentage of HDL-C in total cholesterol (TC). The plump group showed 40% higher body fat (26 ± 3 %) and 86% more visceral fat mass (VFM, 1...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Nicola J Buckland, Diana Camidge, Fiona Croden, Jacquelynne H Lavin, R James Stubbs, Marion M Hetherington, John E Blundell, Graham Finlayson
Background: Low energy-dense (LED) foods reduce energy intake (EI); whether this effect is sustained over time and during weight loss is unknown. Objective: This trial examined the effects of LED compared with high energy-dense (HED) meals on appetite, EI, and control over eating in the laboratory and during a weight-management program that encourages unrestricted intake of LED foods [Slimming World, UK (SW)] compared with a self-led Standard Care program [NHS weight-loss plan (SC)]...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Emmanuelle Bostock, Kenneth Kirkby, Michael Garry, Bruce Taylor, Jason A Hawrelak
Background: DSM-5 introduced the diagnostic category of substance/medication-induced bipolar and related disorder. This systematic review examines published reports linking mania with the consumption of herbal medicines (HM), excluding cannabis. Putative pathophysiological mechanisms that may account for the reported HM being associated with mania are discussed. Methods: A systematic search of EMBASE, CINAHL, Health Source, PsychINFO, and PubMed. The quality of case reports meeting inclusion criteria was assessed using the modified Quality Assessment Scale by Agbabiaka...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Judith Baert, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Jean-Pierre Van Biervliet, Johan Vande Walle, Felicia Bentin, Liesl De Graeve, Doris Vandenbossche, Ann De Guchtenaere
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a 1-year standardized residential slimming program on exercise-induced dehydration in children with obesity. METHOD: At the start (T1 ) and end (T2 ) of the program, urine samples, weight, blood pressure and pulse were collected before (TR ) and after a Cooper test (TE ). Urinary samples were analyzed for volume, Na (UNa ), Cl, K (UK ), urea, creatinine (Ucreat ), protein and osmolality (Uosm ). RESULTS: All 66 children (15 ± 1 years) starting the program were included after informed consent (28 stopped prematurely)...
July 20, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Juan Decara, Antonia Serrano, Francisco Javier Pavón, Patricia Rivera, Rocio Arco, Ana Gavito, Antonio Vargas, Juan A Navarro, Ruben Tovar, Antonio J Lopez-Gambero, Ana Martínez, Juan Suárez, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Elena Baixeras
Chronic NP-1 administration reduces body weight and hepatic steatosis despite induction of tolerance in adiponectin gene transcription with respect to the acute actions of this drug. This study explored the hypothesis that NP-1 could exert these effects through mechanisms independent of adiponectin. To this aim, we took advantage of the Zucker (fa/fa) rat model, which exhibits obesity, fatty liver and elevated leptin and adiponectin levels. Body weight and food intake were reduced after chronic NP-1 treatment...
June 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Valentina Cazzato, Stergios Makris
Mounting research evidence suggests that motor resonance (MR, i.e., the mapping of others' actions onto one's own motor repertoire) can be influenced by diverse factors related to individual differences. However, no evidence has been reported so far on the effects of physical appearance and negative attitudes toward obesity to the mechanism of MR. Thirty-six participants (18 normal-weight and 18 overweight) performed a weight discrimination task, in which they were observing amateur actors reaching and grasping a light or heavy cube with or without deception (true vs...
June 8, 2018: Psychological Research
Sumathi Sivapalasingam, Mohamed Kamal, Rabih Slim, Romana Hosain, Weiping Shao, Randall Stoltz, Joseph Yen, Laura G Pologe, Yuan Cao, Michael Partridge, Giane Sumner, Leah Lipsich
BACKGROUND: REGN3470-3471-3479 is a co-formulated cocktail of three human monoclonal antibodies targeting three non-overlapping epitopes on Ebola virus. We investigated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and anti-drug antibodies in healthy adults. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study was done at a phase 1 unit in the USA. Healthy adults, aged 18-60 years, with a body-mass index of 18·0-30·0 kg/m2 were randomly assigned (3:1) to receive a single intravenous dose of REGN3470-3471-3479 or placebo on day 1 (baseline) in one of the four sequential ascending intravenous dose cohorts (3 mg/kg, 15 mg/kg, 60 mg/kg, and 150 mg/kg)...
August 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jiyoung Yun, Hyung Hwa Jeong, Jonghan Cho, Eun Key Kim, Jin Sup Eom, Hyun Ho Han
BACKGROUND: Slim patients or those with large breasts may be ineligible for breast reconstruction with an abdominal flap, as the volume of the flap may be insufficient. This study aimed to establish that abdominal tissue-based breast reconstruction can be well suited for Korean patients, despite their thin body habitus. METHODS: A total of 252 patients who underwent postmastectomy breast reconstruction with an abdominal flap from October 2006 to May 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Alexandra Zvereva, Florian Kamp, Helmut Schlattl, Maria Zankl, Katia Parodi
PURPOSE: Variance-based sensitivity analysis (SA) is described and applied to the radiation dosimetry model proposed by the Committee on Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) for the organ-level absorbed dose calculations in nuclear medicine. The uncertainties in the dose coefficients thus calculated are also evaluated. METHODS: A Monte Carlo approach was used to compute first-order and total-effect SA indices, which rank the input factors according to their influence on the uncertainty in the output organ doses...
July 2018: Medical Physics
Greta Rondini, Beatrice Olearo, José Miguel Soriano Del Castillo, Pietro Marco Boselli
INTRODUCTION: to establish slimming guidelines and any other changing treatments is useful to know the individual's energy expenditure due to the fact that, nowadays, the incidence of many diseases related to the loss of lean mass and the accumulation of adipose tissue has increased. The dietary treatments are carried out on calculating the energy contained in food, and then put in relation to the total energy expended by the body in order to produce changes in body mass. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the food energy and body mass of different subjects in various pathophysiological conditions...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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