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Thoracentesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754938/shortness-of-breath-after-thoracentesis-did-we-do-something-wrong
#1
Abdul Wahab, Raseen Tariq, Richard Alweis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741691/the-volume-threshold-of-300-versus-100-ml-day-for-chest-tube-removal-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-meta-analysis
#2
Tian-Xiang Zhang, Ye Zhang, Zhi-Dong Liu, Shi-Jie Zhou, Shao-Fa Xu
OBJECTIVES: In this meta-analysis, we conducted a pooled analysis of clinical studies comparing the efficacy of a volume threshold of 300 ml/day before removing a chest tube (CT) versus 100 ml/day after a lobectomy. METHODS: According to the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration, we established a rigorous study protocol. We performed a systematic electronic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science databases, CNKI, the Wanfang database, CBMdisc and Google Scholar to identify articles to include in our meta-analysis...
May 7, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719749/a-case-of-transudative-chylothorax-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#3
Kartikeya Rajdev, Akshay Avula, Dikshya Sharma, Wissam Mansour, Shivika Agarwal, Abdul Hasan Siddiqui, Michel Chalhoub
Chylothorax is a type of pleural effusion characterized by the presence of chyle in the pleural space with triglyceride levels >110 mg/dL or evidence of chylomicrons in pleural fluid. Chylous effusion is typically exudative in nature with lymphocytic predominance. Transudative chylothorax is a rare finding which has been associated with only a limited range of clinical settings. We report a case of idiopathic transudative chylothorax for which the etiological cause could not be identified despite extensive workup and it resolved spontaneously after thoracentesis...
February 28, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703561/tension-hydrothorax-emergency-decompression-of-a-pleural-cause-of-cardiac-tamponade
#4
E E Vinck, J C Garzón, T Peterson, R Villarreal, L Cabrera, L Van den Eijnden
INTRODUCTION: A tension hydrothorax is defined as a massive pleural effusion presenting with hemodynamic abnormalities secondary to mediastinal compression. In these patients pleural volume increases intrathoracic pressure to the point of compromising diastolic filling and cardiac output simulating a cardiac tamponade physiology. This is an uncommon yet potentially fatal medical emergency that if left untreated may progress to cardiac arrest. Early detection and rapid intervention of these patients prevents cardiorespiratory collapse...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701337/the-first-24-robotic-surgeries-of-hospital-da-luz
#5
João Eurico Reis, João Santos Silva, Ana Rita Costa, Fernando Palma Martelo
INTRODUCTION: Robotic assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has been growing all over the world, presenting itself as an improvement over video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). The main advantages are the precision of the movements, as well as the three-dimensional vision with the consequent perception of the depth of the surgical field. Thus, technically more difficult procedures, such as anatomic segmentectomies and bronchoplastic resections, are facilitated. This surgical approach also improves the quality of mediastinal lymph node dissection, extremely important in lung cancer patients...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679518/new-insights-in-the-use-of-pleural-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pleural-disease
#6
Giampietro Marchetti, Sabrina Arondi, Francesca Baglivo, Sara Lonni, Federico Quadri, Alberto Valsecchi, Nicola Venturoli, Paolo Ceruti
The use of transthoracic ultrasound has acquired a wide consensus among respiratory physicians during the last few years. The developing of portable and easily available devices favorites patient's bedside evaluation. Transthoracic ultrasound provides rapid, real-time and low-cost diagnostic information, allowing image-guided chest interventions and reducing procedural risks. The different acoustic impedance between aerated and not aerated organs produces artifacts known as A lines, B lines, sliding sign, lung point, etc...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664760/effect-of-routine-clopidogrel-use-on-bleeding-complications-after-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#7
Tracey N Webb, Eric Flenaugh, Ralitza Martin, Christopher Parks, Rabih I Bechara
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasonography has proven to be highly sensitive and specific in the diagnoses of patients with mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. Many of these patients are on a combination of clopidogrel (a compound that inhibits adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation) and aspirin due to neurological and/or cardiac-related comorbidities, and stopping anticoagulation may place these patients at high risk for potential complications. Our group has previously showed that thoracentesis with an 8-french catheter is safe in patients receiving clopidogrel and aspirin with low risk of complications...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651368/synchronous-pulmonary-neoplasms-a-chance-occurrence-or-is-there-more-than-meets-the-eye
#8
Uroosa Ibrahim, Amina Saqib, Manisha Pant, Gwenalyn Garcia, Marcel Odaimi
Primary bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma comprises 5% of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and usually has an indolent course. Synchronous primary lung cancers with BALT lymphoma are seldom seen in patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung. Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and BALT lymphoma is an extremely rare occurrence. We report an unusual case of stage 4 BALT lymphoma requiring treatment that revealed an underlying ipsilateral mass causing a diagnostic dilemma. An 84-year-old female with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus, deep vein thrombosis, and thrombotic microangiopathy presented to the hospital with cough and dyspnea on exertion...
February 6, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620647/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-branches-of-left-subclavian-artery-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literatures
#9
Ya-Ling Tong, Yuan Qiang Lu, Jiu-Kun Jiang, Nai Yun Chen, Jia Xu
RATIONALE: Spontaneous rupture of the branches of left subclavian artery (LSA) without any obvious risk factors is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 51-year-old female patient without history of trauma and hypertension complained about left chest pain. DIAGNOSES: A chest Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a large pleural effusion (PE) in the left thorax cavity and hemothorax was confirmed by thoracentesis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent surgery...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610630/feasibility-and-safety-of-pleuroscopic-cryobiopsy-of-the-pleura-a-prospective-study
#10
Chia-Hung Chen, Wen-Chien Cheng, Biing-Ru Wu, Chih-Yu Chen, Wei-Chun Chen, Wei-Chih Liao, Chih-Yen Tu
Background: The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the feasibility and safety of taking biopsy specimens by cryoprobe from the parietal pleura during semirigid pleuroscope. Methods: In a single-center, observational, prospective study, patients with exudative pleural effusion (EPE) were evaluated with a semirigid pleuroscope between January 2015 and July 2017. Each patient underwent pleural biopsy using flexible forceps and flexible cryoprobe through pleuroscope following diagnostic thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy (CPB)...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587815/pleural-effusion-from-intrathoracic-migration-of-a-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt-catheter-pediatric-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Federica Porcaro, Emidio Procaccini, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Alessandra Schiavino, Francesca Petreschi, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion is a rare complication of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting and its diagnosis is difficult in patients with neurological and consciousness impairment. CASE REPORT: Herein we report the case of a child affected by Pfeiffer syndrome and hydrocephalus, shunted at the age of 3 months, who developed acute respiratory failure due to a right-sided pleural effusion 2 years later. Plain chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) showed the intrathoracic migration of the right VP shunt abdominal tip...
March 27, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557577/a-challenging-diagnosis-of-dyspnea-a-case-report-of-contralateral-reexpansion-pulmonary-edema
#12
Alfonso Sforza, Maria V Carlino, Giovanni Albano, Maria I Arnone, Giuliano De Stefano, Andrea D'Amato, Federica De Pisapia, Giovanni De Simone, Costantino Mancusi
Reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is an uncommon complication of thoracentesis or chest drainage. It occurs in the ipsilateral or contralateral lung. Causes, pathogenesis and therapy are not well understood especially for contralateral RPE. We describe a case of fatal contralateral RPE in a 59-years-old woman with right lung cancer underwent ultrasound-guided thoracentesis for massive pleural effusion and severe dyspnea. Pathogenesis of contralateral RPE is probably multifactorial and in this case is mostly due to the overperfusion of the healthy lung and consequent capillary damage...
March 19, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528016/liver-transplant-and-reexpansion-pulmonary-edema-a-case-report
#13
Sibel Kara, Nazan Sen, Sule Akcay, Gokhan Moray, Murat Kus, Mehmet Haberal
Hydrothorax occurs frequently in patients with endstage liver disease and usually requires drainage of pulmonary effusion during the hepatectomy phase of liver transplant. Reexpansion pulmonary edema is a rare but potentially fatal complication seen after rapid reexpansion of the collapsed lung following thoracentesis of pleural fluid or tube drainage of pneumothorax. This condition, which manifests with various degrees of clinical severity, is rarely reported following liver transplantation. Herein, we present a 62-year-old male patient who developed reexpansion pulmonary edema after drainage of massive pleural effusion, which caused a total collapse in the right hemithorax during liver transplant...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526945/anti-pl-7-antisynthetase-syndrome-with-eosinophilic-pleural-effusion
#14
Go Saito, Masato Kono, Akari Tsutsumi, Yu Koyanagi, Koichi Miyashita, Takeshi Kobayashi, Hironao Hozumi, Yoshihiro Miki, Yoshifumi Arai, Yoshiro Otsuki, Dai Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Toru Nakamura, Takafumi Suda, Hidenori Nakamura
A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever and pleural effusion. Her thoracentesis showed eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE) without any evidence of malignancy, infection, or trauma. Pleural biopsy revealed pleuritis and intercostal myositis. Characteristic skin manifestations, including Gottron's sign, interstitial lung disease, and pericardial effusion, appeared later in the clinical course. She was finally diagnosed with anti-PL-7 antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) based on the presence of anti-PL-7 antibody, and she fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for dermatomyositis...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521656/comparison-of-treatment-of-hepatic-hydrothorax-with-catheter-drainage-versus-serial-thoracentesis
#15
Shu-Lan Hsu, Chih-Wei Tseng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatic hydrothorax is a nonmalignant pleural effusion associated with portal hypertension that may cause increased morbidity or mortality in cirrhotic patients. For patients who are refractory to salt restriction and diuretics, thoracentesis and catheter drainage are necessary for symptomatic relief. This review aimed to identify the best drainage method in patients with hepatic hydrothorax. RECENT FINDINGS: Chest tube placement is discouraged in cases of hepatic hydrothorax due to high complication and mortality rates...
March 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518849/-respiratory-manifestations-of-yellow-nail-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#16
S Li, H Huang, K Xu, Z J Xu
Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics of respiratory manifestations of yellow nail syndrome. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2 patients with respiratory diseases associated with yellow nail syndrome. Their clinical and chest radiological data were collected. We searched PubMed, Wanfang and CNKI databases with the keywords "yellow nail syndrome, yellow nail and lung" in Chinese and English. And the relevant literatures, including 6 articles in Chinese and 81 articles in English, were reviewed...
March 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513814/transforming-growth-factor-beta1-tgf-%C3%A3-1-levels-in-a-rat-model-of-induced-pleural-empyema
#17
Samanta Sarmento da Silva, Guilherme Eckert Peterson, Sérgio Luis Amantéa, Patrícia Miorelli, Jane Maria Ulbrich, Eliane Roesch, Paulo Roberto Sanches, Jose Carlos Fraga
PURPOSE: To evaluate the concentration of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) levels in a rat pleural effusion obtained by inoculation of intrapleural bacteria or turpentine through thoracentesis. METHODS: Thirty-Nine Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Staphylococcus aureus (SA, n = 17); Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP, n = 12); and turpentine (control, n = 10). Pleural fluid was collected through ultrasound-guided thoracentesis 12 h, 24 h, and 36 h after instillation of bacteria or turpentine...
February 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507795/endoscopic-diagnosis-and-management-of-pleural-effusion-in-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#18
REVIEW
Paolo Ceruti, Sara Lonni, Francesca Baglivo, Giampietro Marchetti
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an asbestos-related aggressive tumor, that requires proper diagnosis and management. Symptoms are nonspecific and chest computed tomography (CT) and chest ultrasound (US) are important radiological tools in the initial workup to identify early pathological signs. Performing a medical thoracoscopy (MT) is essential for a definitive diagnosis of MPM. The procedure, integrated with a prior US, allows a global evaluation of the pleural cavity and the execution of multiple targeted biopsies, with low risk of complications...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496288/detection-of-pleural-fluid-biochemistry-changes-in-two-consecutive-thoracenteses-for-differentiating-malignant-from-benign-effusions
#19
Silvia Bielsa, Alberto García-Zamalloa, Paula Monteagudo, Didac González-Sans, David Ascanio, Aureli Esquerda, Jorge Taboada-Gómez, José M Porcel
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether changes in pleural fluid (PF) biochemistries between two consecutive thoracenteses enable clinicians to predict malignant or benign pleural effusions (PE). METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with lymphocytic exudates and negative PF cytology, who underwent a second thoracentesis in our center in the last 15 years in whom a final diagnosis was reached (derivation sample). Absolute (Δa) and percentage differences (Δp) in PF biochemistries which predicted a malignant or benign PE in the derivation sample were evaluated in an independent population (validation sample)...
February 26, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487789/thoracic-herniation-secondary-to-pleural-effusion
#20
Carlos Romero, Daryelle S Varon, Salim Surani, Joseph Varon
We present the case of a 61-year-old gentleman with history of stage IV esophageal cancer presented to the emergency department with the complaints of dyspnea on exertion and cough of 1-month duration. Patient had undergone resection of distal esophagus 4 years' prior this admission. Chest radiograph revealed a large right pleural effusion and, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed a portion of the effusion herniating between the ribs in the right hemithorax. Thoracentesis was performed with improvement in patient's dyspnea and overall condition...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
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