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Midwifery, maternity, pregnancy.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131385/rural-community-birth-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-planned-community-births-among-rural-women-in-the-united-states-2004-2009
#1
Elizabeth Nethery, Wendy Gordon, Marit L Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney
BACKGROUND: Approximately 22% of women in the United States live in rural areas with limited access to obstetric care. Despite declines in hospital-based obstetric services in many rural communities, midwifery care at home and in free standing birth centers is available in many rural communities. This study examines maternal and neonatal outcomes among planned home and birth center births attended by midwives, comparing outcomes for rural and nonrural women. METHODS: Using the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project 2...
November 13, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128437/participatory-action-research-opens-doors-mentoring-indigenous-researchers-to-improve-midwifery-in-urban-australia
#2
Sophie D Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Kayla M Heinemann, Yvette L Roe, Sue V Kildea
PROBLEM: There is increasing demand for capacity building among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) maternal and infant health workforce to improve health outcomes for mothers and babies; yet few studies describe the steps taken to mentor novice Indigenous researchers to contribute to creating a quality evidence-base in this space. BACKGROUND: The Indigenous Birthing in an Urban Setting study is a partnership project aimed at improving maternity services for Indigenous families in South East Queensland...
November 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059636/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-miscarriage-a-cross-sectional-study-among-flemish-midwives
#3
Marjon De Roose, Inge Tency, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Els Clays
OBJECTIVE: to examine the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of Flemish midwives regarding miscarriage. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional KAP study was conducted in 28 hospitals in Flanders (Northern region of Belgium) from September 2015 to January 2016. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 647 out of 1200 midwives (53.9%) working on maternity, labour and gynaecological wards, maternal and neonatal (intensive) care units, antenatal consultations, and reproductive medicine were recruited...
September 22, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960699/the-midwife-woman-relationship-in-a-south-wales-community-experiences-of-midwives-and-migrant-pakistani-women-in-early-pregnancy
#4
Laura Goodwin, Billie Hunter, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 27.5% of births in England and Wales were to mothers born outside of the UK. Compared to their White British peers, minority ethnic and migrant women are at a significantly higher risk of maternal and perinatal mortality, along with lower maternity care satisfaction. Existing literature highlights the importance of midwife-woman relationships in care satisfaction and pregnancy outcomes; however, little research has explored midwife-woman relationships for migrant and minority ethnic women in the UK...
September 29, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956168/continuity-of-midwifery-carer-moderates-the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-maternal-wellbeing-the-queensland-flood-study
#5
Sue Kildea, Gabrielle Simcock, Aihua Liu, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Adele Kahler, Marie-Paule Austin, Sally Tracy, Sue Kruske, Mark Tracy, Michael W O'Hara, Suzanne King
Poor postnatal mental health is a major public health issue, and risk factors include experiencing adverse life events during pregnancy. We assessed whether midwifery group practice, compared to standard hospital care, would protect women from the negative impact of a sudden-onset flood on postnatal depression and anxiety. Women either received midwifery group practice care in pregnancy, in which they were allocated a primary midwife who provided continuity of care, or they received standard hospital care provided by various on-call and rostered medical staff...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904542/claims-about-medical-malpractices-resulting-in-maternal-and-perinatal-mortality-referred-to-iranian-legal-medicine-organization-during-2011-2012
#6
Ziba Taghizadeh, Maryam Pourbakhtiar, Masoud Ghadipasha, Kamran Soltani, Khadijeh Azimi
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians, gynecologists, and midwives are the most common specialists of the medical sciences group against whom medical malpractices are claimed, many of which are avoidable and preventable. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the causes of claims regarding medical malpractices resulting in maternal and perinatal mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted and 7616 claims of medical malpractices in the field of obstetrics, gynecology, and midwifery that were referred from all 31 provinces to the central commission of legal medicine were studied during 2011-2012...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863336/patient-provider-communication-maternal-anxiety-and-self-care-in-pregnancy
#7
Jennifer Nicoloro-SantaBarbara, Lisa Rosenthal, Melissa V Auerbach, Christina Kocis, Cheyanne Busso, Marci Lobel
RATIONALE: Favorable relationships with health care providers predict greater patient satisfaction and adherence to provider recommendations. However, the specific components of patient-provider relationships that account for these benefits have not been identified. The potential benefits of strong patient-provider relationships in pregnancy may be especially important, as care providers have frequent, intimate interactions with pregnant women that can affect their emotions and behaviors...
August 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763721/women-s-experiences-of-routine-care-during-labour-and-childbirth-and-the-influence-of-medicalisation-a-qualitative-study-from-iran
#8
Farzaneh Pazandeh, Barbara Potrata, Reinhard Huss, Janet Hirst, Allan House
OBJECTIVE: to understand women's experiences of routine care during labor and childbirth in a medicalised context. DESIGN: twenty-six in-depth interviews were conducted during the late postpartum period and thematic analysis was applied. SETTING: four public hospitals in Tehran with a high rate of births, providing services to low and middle income families. PARTICIPANTS: women who had a low risk pregnancies and gave a birth to a healthy infant by normal vaginal delivery...
October 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751991/midwives-role-in-providing-nutrition-advice-during-pregnancy-meeting-the-challenges-a-qualitative-study
#9
Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
This study explored the Australian midwives' role in the provision of nutrition advice. Little is known about their perceptions of this role, the influence of the model of care, and the barriers and facilitators that may influence them providing quality nutrition advice to pregnant women. Semistructured telephone interviews were undertaken with a subsample (n = 16) of the members of the Australian College of Midwives who participated in an online survey about midwives' nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and their confidence in providing nutrition advice during pregnancy...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711398/comprehensive-maternity-support-and-shared-care-in-switzerland-comparison-of-levels-of-satisfaction
#10
Lucia Floris, Olivier Irion, Jocelyne Bonnet, Maria-Pia Politis Mercier, Claire de Labrusse
BACKGROUND: According to the woman-centred care model, continuous care by a midwife has a positive impact on satisfaction. Comprehensive support is a model of team midwifery care implemented in the large Geneva University Hospitals in Switzerland, which has organised shared care according to the biomedical model of practice. This model of care insures a follow up by a specific group of midwives, during perinatal period. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the satisfaction and outcomes of the obstetric and neonatal care of women who received comprehensive support during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period, and compare them to women who received shared care...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684046/improving-psychoeducation-for-women-fearful-of-childbirth-evaluation-of-a-research-translation-project
#11
Jennifer Fenwick, Jocelyn Toohill, Valerie Slavin, Debra K Creedy, Jenny Gamble
BACKGROUND: Psychoeducation counselling delivered by midwives has been demonstrated to reduce maternal fear and improve women's confidence for birth. Translating the evidence in practice presents challenges. A systematic approach to the implementation of evidence and evaluation of this process can improve knowledge translation. AIM: To implement and evaluate the translation of psychoeducation counselling on (1) midwives' knowledge, skills and confidence to provide the counselling; (2) perceived barriers and enablers to embedding the psychoeducation counselling in practice; and (3) pregnant women's levels of fear...
July 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600971/remote-rural-women-s-choice-of-birthplace-and-transfer-experiences-in-rural-otago-and-southland-new-zealand
#12
Jean Patterson, Maralyn Foureur, Joan Skinner
BACKGROUND: Birth in primary midwife-led maternity units has been demonstrated to be a safe choice for well women anticipating a normal birth. The incidence of serious perinatal outcomes for these women is comparable to similarly low risk women, who choose to birth in hospital. New Zealand women have a choice of Lead Maternity Carer (LMC) and birthplace; home, primary birthing unit, or a base hospital, though not all women may have all these choices available locally. Women in rural and rural remote areas can also choose to birth in their rural primary maternity unit...
May 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583159/exploring-the-strategies-that-midwives-in-british-columbia-use-to-promote-normal-birth
#13
Michelle M Butler
BACKGROUND: Rates of normal birth have been declining steadily over the past 20 years, despite the evidence of the benefits to mother and baby. This is most obvious in steadily increasing caesarean section rates across countries and studies of the factors involved suggest it may be more to do with the organization of maternity care and the preferences of healthcare providers than changes in maternal or demographic conditions. The proportion of women in British Columbia (BC) receiving care from a midwife continues to grow and there is a particular focus on promoting and supporting normal pregnancy and birth in the midwifery philosophy of care...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580447/association-of-regional-disparity-of-obstetrics-and-gynecologic-services-with-children-and-infants-mortality-rates-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sogand Tourani, Mohammad Zarezadeh, Mehdi Raadabadi, Fatemeh Pourshariati
BACKGROUND: Equity in distribution of resources is considered as an important priority in health care systems. Equitable distribution of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) services in the country level is critical in maternal and neonatal health for qualitative promotion of maternal care in pregnancy, delivery, and post-delivery periods. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at determining regional disparity of obstetrics and gynecology services and its association with children and infants mortality rates...
March 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576137/characteristics-of-patients-receiving-midwife-led-prenatal-care-in-canada-results-from-the-maternity-experiences-survey-mes
#15
Peri Abdullah, Sabrina Gallant, Naseem Saghi, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of women in Canada who received care from a midwife during their prenatal period. METHODS: The findings of this study were drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), which was a cross-sectional survey that assessed the experiences of women who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006. The main outcome variable for this study was the prenatal care provider (i.e. midwife versus other healthcare providers)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490549/possible-relationship-between-general-and-pregnancy-related-anxiety-during-the-first-half-of-pregnancy-and-the-birth-process-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Johanna Maria Koelewijn, Anne Marie Sluijs, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
OBJECTIVES: The rate of interventions during childbirth has increased dramatically during the last decades. Maternal anxiety might play a role in the progress of the labour process and interventions during labour. This study aimed to identify associations between anxiety in the first half of pregnancy and the birth process, including any interventions required during labour. In addition, differences in the associations by parity and ethnicity were explored. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384435/birthing-on-country-in-our-community-a-case-study-of-engaging-stakeholders-and-developing-a-best-practice-indigenous-maternity-service-in-an-urban-setting
#18
Sue Kildea, Sophie Hickey, Carmel Nelson, Jody Currie, Adrian Carson, Maree Reynolds, Kay Wilson, Sue Kruske, Megan Passey, Yvette Roe, Roianne West, Anton Clifford, Machellee Kosiak, Shannon Watego, Sally Tracy
Developing high-quality and culturally responsive maternal and infant health services is a critical part of 'closing the gap' in health disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians. The National Maternity Services Plan led work that describes and recommends Birthing on Country best-practice maternity care adaptable from urban to very remote settings, yet few examples exist in Australia. This paper demonstrates Birthing on Country principles can be applied in the urban setting, presenting our experience establishing and developing a Birthing on Country partnership service model in Brisbane, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359258/what-influences-birth-place-preferences-choices-and-decision-making-amongst-healthy-women-with-straightforward-pregnancies-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-using-a-best-fit-framework-approach
#19
REVIEW
Kirstie Coxon, Alison Chisholm, Reem Malouf, Rachel Rowe, Jennifer Hollowell
BACKGROUND: English maternity care policy has supported offering women choice of birth setting for over twenty years, but only 13% of women in England currently give birth in settings other than obstetric units (OUs). It is unclear why uptake of non-OU settings for birth remains relatively low. This paper presents a synthesis of qualitative evidence which explores influences on women's experiences of birth place choice, preference and decision-making from the perspectives of women using maternity services...
March 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331377/management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-during-pregnancy-challenges-and-solutions
#20
REVIEW
Caroline L Knight, Catherine Nelson-Piercy
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystem autoimmune disease predominantly affecting women, particularly those of childbearing age. SLE provides challenges in the prepregnancy, antenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum periods for these women, and for the medical, obstetric, and midwifery teams who provide their care. As with many medical conditions in pregnancy, the best maternal and fetal-neonatal outcomes are obtained with a planned pregnancy and a cohesive multidisciplinary approach. Effective prepregnancy risk assessment and counseling includes exploration of factors for poor pregnancy outcome, discussion of risks, and appropriate planning for pregnancy, with consideration of discussion of relative contraindications to pregnancy...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
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