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Stefano Magni, François Gagné, Chantale André, Camilla Della Torre, Joëlle Auclair, Houda Hanana, Camilla Carla Parenti, Francesco Bonasoro, Andrea Binelli
Microplastics (MPs), plastic debris smaller than 5mm, are widely found in both marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, few studies regarding their hazardous effects on inland water organisms, have been conducted. For this reason, the aim of our research was the evaluation of uptake and chronic toxicity of two mixtures (MIXs) of virgin polystyrene microbeads (PMs) of 10μm and 1μm in size (MIX 1, with 5×105 of 1μmsizePMs/L and 5×105 of 10μmsizePMs/L, and MIX 2 with 2×106 of 1μmsizePMs/L and 2×106 of 10μmsizePMs/L) on freshwater zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Mollusca: Bivalvia) during 6 exposure days...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Taihei Itoh, Takumi Yamada
INTRODUCTION: Preferential conduction from an origin to breakout sites can occur during ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the left ventricular papillary muscles (LVPMs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, electrophysiological characteristics, and relevance to radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of such a preferential conduction demonstrated by pace mapping. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 34 consecutive patients undergoing RFCA of 40 LVPM VAs...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Ahmed M Elkady, Dana Cobzas, Hongfu Sun, Gregg Blevins, Alan H Wilman
BACKGROUND: Combined R2* and quantitative susceptibility (QS) has been previously used in cross-sectional multiple sclerosis (MS) studies to distinguish deep gray matter (DGM) iron accumulation and demyelination. PURPOSE: We propose and apply discriminative analysis of regional evolution (DARE) to define specific changes in MS and healthy DGM. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal (baseline and 2-year follow-up) retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-seven relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 17 progressive MS (PMS), and corresponding age-matched healthy subjects...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Michela Semeraro, Sara Boenzi, Rosalba Carrozzo, Daria Diodato, Diego Martinelli, Giorgia Olivieri, Giacomo Antonetti, Elisa Sacchetti, Giulio Catesini, Cristiano Rizzo, Carlo Dionisi-Vici
Single large-scale mitochondrial DNA deletions disorders are classified into three main phenotypes with frequent clinical overlap: Pearson marrow-pancreas syndrome (PMS), Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) and chronic progressive external ophtalmoplegia (PEO). So far, only few anecdotal studies have reported on the urinary organic acids profile in this disease class. In this single-center retrospective study, we performed quantitative evaluation of urinary organic acids in a series of 15 pediatric patients, 7 with PMS and 8 with KSS...
March 10, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Alessandro Proclemer, Massimo Zecchin, Antonio D'Onofrio, Giuseppe Boriani, Domenico Facchin, Luca Rebellato, Marco Ghidina, Giulia Bianco, Emanuela Bernardelli, Elsa Pucher, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: The pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) registry of the Italian Association of Arrhythmology and Cardiac Pacing (AIAC) monitors the main epidemiological data in real-world practice. The survey for the 2016 activity collects information about demographics, clinical characteristics, main indications for PM/ICD therapy and device types from the Italian collaborating centers. METHODS: The registry collects prospectively national PM and ICD implantation activity on the basis of European cards...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Zhanfeng Li, Zonghua Wang, Xiaoyu Du, Chao Shi, Xuejun Cui
Stimuli-responsive polymer microcapsules (PMs) fabricated by the sonochemical method have emerged for developing useful drug delivery systems, and the latest developments are mainly focusing on the synthetic strategies and properties such as structure, size, stability, loading capacity, drug delivery, and release. There, the primary attribution of sonochemistry is to offer a simple and practical approach for the preparation of PMs. Structure, size, stability, and properties of PMs are designed mainly according to synthetic materials, implementation schemes, or specific demands...
March 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Gelavizh Barzegar, Sahand Jorfi, Vahid Zarezade, Masoumeh Khatebasreh, Fayyaz Mehdipour, Farshid Ghanbari
In this study, nanoscale-zero valent iron (nZVI) was synthesized and its function was assessed in ultrasound (US)/peroxymonosulfate (PMS)/nZVI process to degrade 4-chlorphenol (4-CP). The influential operation parameters of US/PMS/nZVI were evaluated on 4-CP degradation. 95% of 4-CP was degraded during 30 min under the conditions of pH = 3.0, nZVI = 0.4 g/L, PMS = 1.25 mM, US power = 200 W. The rate constants of 4-CP degradation for US/PMS/nZVI, PMS/nZVI, US/PMS and US/nZVI were 0.1159, 0...
February 27, 2018: Chemosphere
Guoshuai Liu, Yanan Zhou, Jie Teng, Jinna Zhang, Shijie You
The advanced oxidation process (AOP) based on SO4 - radicals draws an increasing interest in water and wastewater treatment. Producing SO4 - radicals from the activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) by transition metal ions or oxides may be problematic due to high operational cost and potential secondary pollution caused by metal leaching. To address this challenge, the present study reports the efficient production of SO4 - radicals through visible-light-driven photocatalytic activation (VL-PCA) of PMS by using Cu2 (OH)PO4 single crystal for enhanced degradation of a typical recalcitrant organic pollutant, i...
March 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Avi Abadi, Gabor Kosa
Automatic manipulation of microscopic particles is very important in biology, especially in new lab-on-chip systems for automatic testing and DNA manipulation. We suggest a particle manipulation system (PMS) based on vibrating piezoelectric beams creating steady streaming flow in a viscous liquid. The flow is nearly unidirectional and it is used to control the position and velocity of the particles in the workspace of the PMS. The particles position in the PMS are controlled by visual feedback. This study presents the manipulation method, the system's model describing its behavior and characterizes experimentally its performance...
March 9, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
Tadahiro Miyake, Duo Wang, Hidetada Matsuoka, Kentaro Morita, Hiroshi Yasuda, Kazuhiro Yatera, Tamotsu Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Yoshida
Particulate matter (PM) with a median diameter <2.5 μm, is associated with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. We previously reported the biological effects of PM in vivo, and although neutrophils play an important role in initiating inflammation, few reports have focused on the relationship between PM inhalation and immune responses. Here, we investigated the effect of PM particle size on neutrophils, including their endocytosis activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that 1 μm particles are readily endocytosed by neutrophils and that endocytosis is reduced at 4 °C...
March 6, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Shiqing Zhou, Yanghai Yu, Weiqiu Zhang, Xiaoyang Meng, Jinming Luo, Lin Deng, Zhou Shi, John C Crittenden
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been widely used for the destruction of organic contaminants in the aqueous phase. In this study, we introduce an AOP on activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) by using ascorbic acid (H2A) to generate sulfate radicals (SO4•-). Sulfate radicals, hydroxyl radicals (HO•) and ascorbyl radicals (A•-) were found using electron spin resonance (ESR). But we found A•- is negligible in the degradation of microcystin-LR (MCLR) due to its low reactivity. We developed a first-principles kinetic model to simulate the MCLR degradation and predict the radical concentrations...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Wenjuan Chen, Yuan Chen, Meilan Wang, Yuwu Chi
Ultrasensitive chemiluminescence (CL) sensors for biomolecules (DNA and proteins) have been developed by adopting DNA-functionalized silver-cysteine hybrid nanowires (p-SCNWs) as signal amplifying labels. The sensing is established from a sandwich-type DNA hybridization, where the target DNA strands are initially hybridized with the capture DNA located at paramagnetic microspheres (PMs) and subsequently hybridized with p-SCNWs functionalized with the signal DNA probe. After magnetic separation, p-SCNWs on the hybrids were completely decomposed with HNO3 to release numerous silver ions...
March 6, 2018: Analyst
Ani Wang, Ruiqing Fan, Xuesong Zhou, Sue Hao, Xubin Zheng, Yulin Yang
Particulate matters (PMs) air pollution has become a serious environmental issue due to its great threat to human health. Herein, metal-organic complexes PBM-Zn1 and PBM-Zn2 coatings (noted as PBM-Zn-Filter) have been produced by hot-pressing method on various substrates for the first time. Layer-by-layer PBM-Zn-Filters were also obtained through varying hot-pressing cycles. The obtained PBM-Zn-Filters with high robustness show excellent performance in PMs removal. Especially, benefiting from larger conjugation system, micropore structure, lower pressure drop, higher electrostatic potential ζ and electron cloud exposed metal center of PBM-Zn2 (DFT calculations), PBM-Zn2@melamine foam-4 gives the highest removal rates, PM2...
March 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shinya Takemoto
 In recent years, as the market has seen the appearance of innovative medical products with novel mechanisms of action, adverse reactions that cannot be expected from the approved product label are being detected in the postmarketing phase. It is increasingly important to undertake timely product label updates and other drug safety measures through the monitoring, early detection, and reporting of adverse reactions. In 2013, the risk management plan (RMP) system was introduced in Japan. An RMP documents efforts to ensure the safety of a medical product, and sharing the RMP with stakeholders results in enhanced postmarketing safety measures...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Masako Ueyama, Hiroyuki Kokuto, Hitoshi Sugihara, Shinichi Oikawa, Fumio Suzuki, Hajime Goto, Shoji Kudoh
AIMS: The identification and appropriate management of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers with unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health concern and priority; OSA among drivers has not been fully investigated in Japan, and a better understanding of this undiagnosed disease is warranted. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of OSA and the factors related to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in Japanese CMV drivers. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1309 Japanese CMV drivers aged 40-69 years...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Ahmad Razali Ishak, Fauziah Shahul Hamid, Sharifah Mohamad, Kheng Soo Tay
In this work, the feasibility of coagulation-flocculation coupled with UV-based sulfate radical oxidation process (UV/SRAOP) in the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) of stabilized landfill leachate (SLL) was evaluated. For coagulation-flocculation, ferric chloride (FeCl3 ) was used as the coagulant. The effect of initial pH of SLL and COD:FeCl3 ratio on the COD removal was evaluated. The result revealed that COD:FeCl3 ratio of 1:1.3 effectively removed 76.9% of COD at pH 6. The pre-treated SLL was then subjected to UV/SRAOP treatment...
March 1, 2018: Waste Management
Xinsheng Luo, Heng Liang, Fangshu Qu, An Ding, Xiaoxiang Cheng, Chuyang Y Tang, Guibai Li
Catalytic membrane, due to its compact reactor assembling, high catalytic performance as well as low energy consumption, has proved to be more attractive for wastewater treatment. In this work, a free-standing α-MnO2 @CuO membrane with hierarchical nanostructures was prepared and evaluated as the catalytic membrane to generate radicals from peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for the oxidative degradation of organic dyes in aqueous solution. Benefiting from the high mass transport efficiency and the hierarchical nanostructures, a superior catalytic activity of the membrane was observed for organic dyes degradation...
February 20, 2018: Chemosphere
Xiaoguang Duan, Hongqi Sun, Shaobin Wang
Catalytic processes have remarkably boosted the rapid industrializations in chemical production, energy conversion, and environmental remediation. As one of the emerging applications of carbocatalysis, metal-free nanocarbons have demonstrated promise as catalysts for green remediation technologies to overcome the poor stability and undesirable metal leaching in metal-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Since our reports of heterogeneous activation of persulfates with low-dimensional nanocarbons, the novel oxidative system has raised tremendous interest for degradation of organic contaminants in wastewater without secondary contamination...
March 1, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Farina Mujeeb, Ahamad Faiz Khan, Preeti Bajpai, Neelam Pathak
Background: The antioxidant potential of medicinal plants has been illustrated through many reports clearly depicting that plants are a rich source of antioxidants, making them a great resource of novel drugs and health-care products. Objectives: The current study is, therefore, focused toward the assessment of antioxidant properties along with the presence of phytochemicals in leaves of 18 varieties/accessions of Aegle marmelos . Materials and Methods: The antioxidant activities were initially measured using superoxide radical scavenging method, 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ferric-reducing ability of plasma assays...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Jiro Aoki, Ken Kozuma, Masaki Awata, Mamoru Nanasato, Nobuo Shiode, Kengo Tanabe, Junichi Yamaguchi, Hajime Kusano, Hong Nie, Takeshi Kimura
The Cobalt Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent (CoCr-EES) Post Marketing Surveillance (PMS) Japan study is a prospective multicenter registry designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of XIENCE V/PROMUS everolimus-eluting stents in routine clinical practice at 47 centers representative of the clinical environment in Japan. We enrolled 2010 consecutive patients (2649 lesions) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using CoCr-EES. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through 5 years. Mean age was 68.8 years, 41...
February 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
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