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Cardiac chest pain symptoms

John W Pickering, Jaimi H Greenslade, Louise Cullen, Dylan Flaws, William Parsonage, Sally Aldous, Peter George, Andrew Worster, Peter A Kavsak, Martin P Than
BACKGROUND: -The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) new guidelines to rule-in and rule-out acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the emergency department (ED) include a rapid assessment algorithm based on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin and sampling at zero and one hour. ED physicians require very high sensitivity to confidently rule-out AMI, while cardiologists aim to minimise false positive results. METHODS: -High-sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) assays were used to measure troponin concentrations in patients presenting with chest-pain symptoms and being investigated for possible acute coronary syndrome at hospitals in New Zealand, Australia and Canada...
October 17, 2016: Circulation
Rajashree Madabushi, Anil Agarwal, Saipriya Tewari, Sujeet K S Gautam, Sandeep Khuba
Wolff Parkinson White (WPW) syndrome is a condition in which there is an aberrant conduction pathway between the atria and ventricles, resulting in tachycardia. A 42-year-old patient, who was treated for WPW syndrome previously, presented with chronic somatic pain. With her cardiac condition in mind, she was thoroughly worked up for a recurrence of disease. As part of routine screening of all patients at our pain clinic, she was found to have severe depression as per the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) criteria...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Martina Scharitzer, Peter Pokieser, Michaela Wagner-Menghin, Ferdinand Otto, Olle Ekberg
PURPOSE: Clinical assessment of swallowing disorders (dysphagia) requires accurate and comprehensive medical history-taking to further tailor the diagnostic work-up, but functional health care questionnaires show a large variability and various limitations. The aim of this study was to assess the way in which international swallowing experts from various disciplines asses swallowing problems in order to improve the radiologist´s ability to take a thorough medical history in this specific patient group...
October 11, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Giovanni Teruzzi, Giuseppe Calligaris, Paolo Ravagnani, Daniela Trabattoni, Luca Grancini, Giovanni Monizzi, Alessandro Lualdi, Antonio L Bartorelli
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) accounts approximately for 0.2% of cases of acute coronary syndrome. It is defined "spontaneous" in absence of any coronary wall damage. This disease affects primarily young women in good health, with no risk factors for coronary artery disease, especially during the postpartum period. Since the clinical presentation varies widely from no symptoms to typical angina and sudden cardiac death, SCAD incidence is underestimated.A 40-year-old woman, in the 8th week after delivery, was admitted to our emergency department because of acute chest pain, and a diagnosis of inferior and posterior non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction was made...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Chung-Lieh Hung, Ding-Kuo Chien, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wen-Han Chang
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a timely fashion is challenging in the elderly population, especially elderly women, who usually exhibit atypical clinical symptoms. A multiple cardiac biomarker (MCB) based approach has been shown to improve diagnostic efficacy of ACS. However, data in various age groups and sex differences remain largely unexplored. METHODS: Point-of-care testing (POCT) was performed on 290 patients (aged ≥18 years) who were admitted to the emergency department (ED) with symptoms of acute chest pain under suspicion of acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Jose M Remes-Troche
Chest pain that is not explained by reflux disease or cardiac, musculoskeletal, mucosal, or motor esophageal abnormalities is classified as functional chest pain (FCP). Although several mechanisms are involved, esophageal hypersensitivity plays a major role and it could be considered a biomarker for FCP. Psychologic comorbidity such as anxiety, neuroticism, depression, and somatization is common. When the diagnosis of FCP is suspected, patients should undergo evaluation with esophageal motility testing, endoscopy, 24-h esophageal pH monitoring, and in some cases, sensory tests...
October 5, 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Lani Zimmerman, Bunny Pozehl, Karen Vuckovic, Susan Barnason, Paula Schulz, Yaewon Seo, Catherine J Ryan, Julie J Zerwic, Holli A DeVon
The purpose of this review is to provide a guide for researchers and clinicians in selecting an instrument to measure four commonly occurring symptoms (dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, and fatigue) in cardiac populations (acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, arrhythmia/atrial fibrillation, and angina, or patients undergoing cardiac interventions). An integrative review of the literature was conducted. A total of 102 studies summarizing information on 36 different instruments are reported in this integrative review...
September 26, 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Michael J Daly, Dewar D Finlay, Daniel Guldenring, Raymond R Bond, Aaron J McCann, Peter J Scott, Jennifer A Adgey, Mark T Harbinson
INTRODUCTION: Epicardial potentials (EPs) derived from the body surface potential map (BSPM) improve acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis. In this study, we compared EPs derived from the 80-lead BSPM using a standard thoracic volume conductor model (TVCM) with those derived using a patient-specific torso model (PSTM) based on body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting to both the emergency department and pre-hospital coronary care unit between August 2009 and August 2011 with acute ischaemic-type chest pain at rest were enrolled...
September 26, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Elizabeth S Ellent, Ronald Chong-Yik, Abdul Mukhtadir Khan
BACKGROUND: Cardiac angiosarcomas are an extremely rare tumor with an incidence of only 0.056%. Diagnosing this rare tumor becomes even more difficult as the presentation of cardiac angiosarcomas varies based on anatomic location. Depending on the tumor's proximity to valves, symptoms may be more consistent with heart failure, while growth throughout the conduction system may produce arrhythmias. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a young male with a significant tumor burden of cardiac angiosarcoma in his lungs whose symptoms included pleuritic chest pain and hemoptysis...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Robert C Hsu, Joshua Burak, Sumit Tiwari, Chayan Chakraborti, Gary E Sander
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD), caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 6-7 million people worldwide annually, primarily in Central and South America, and >300,000 people in the United States. CD consists of acute and chronic stages. Hallmarks of acute CD include fever, myalgia, diaphoresis, hepatosplenomegaly, and myocarditis. Symptoms of chronic CD include pathologic involvement of the heart, esophagus, and colon. Myocardial involvement is identifiable by electrocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showing inflammation and left ventricular wall functional abnormalities...
2016: Ochsner Journal
S-M Yuan
Aortic dissection is the most devastating sequela of thoracic aortic disorder. Patients with acute aortic dissection typically manifest as an acute onset of severe chest pain, but occasionally present with atypical symptoms including fever of unknown origin. A total of 50 patients from 41 articles based on a complete literature retrieval were included in this study. More patients had a fever prior to pain. The time to presentation was 40.7 ± 105.6 days, the time to diagnosis was 52.9 ± 110.1 days, and the time to surgery/intervention was 1...
September 19, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Mazen El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Ahel Al-Hajj Chehadeh, Amin A Kazzi
BACKGROUND: Early activation and use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are associated with improved patient outcomes in EMS priority conditions in developed EMS systems. This study describes patterns of EMS use and identifies predictors of EMS utilization in EMS priority conditions in Lebanon METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a random sample of adult patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary care center in Beirut with the following EMS priority conditions: chest pain, major trauma, respiratory distress, cardiac arrest, respiratory arrest, and airway obstruction...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Cæcilie Larsen Bang, Celeste Michala Porsbjerg
Heart involvement is the most critical and potentially lethal systemic manifestation in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). We present a case of acute chest pain in a 58-year-old male with severe asthma, which regressed after sublingual administration of nitroglycerine. At the time of hospital admission, there were non-specific ST-changes on the ecg, coronary enzymes were increased, and the patient was concluded to have a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and treated as such. A subacute cardiac catheterization showed no signs of significant coronary stenosis...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Anand K Pyati, Basavaraj B Devaranavadagi, Sanjeev L Sajjannar, Shashikant V Nikam, Mohd Shannawaz, Satish Patil
The study aimed to investigate whether heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) measurement provides additional diagnostic value to that of conventional cardiac markers in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within first 6 h after the onset of symptoms. The study included 120 subjects: 60 AMI cases and 60 age and sex matched controls. The cases and controls were further divided into 2 subgroups depending on the time since onset of chest pain as (1) subjects within 3 h and (2) between 3 and 6 h of onset of chest pain...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Alberto García-Lledó, José L Moya-Mur, Virginia Ponz-Mir, Susana Novo-Aparicio, Azucena Sanz-Barrio, Concepción Álvarez-Sanz, Ana de Santiago-Nocito
BACKGROUND: Risk score systems (RSS) were designed to estimate the risk of cardiac events. Their ability to predict coronary atherosclerosis (CA) has not been established. HYPOTHESIS: Risk score systems can predict presence of CA in patients without typical symptoms or ischemia. Because design of each RSS is different, their predictive value could also differ. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was done on patients from a low-risk region referred for cardiac multislice computed tomography (MSCT)...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Ding-Kuo Chien, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chien-Hsuan Huang, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wen-Han Chang
OBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a medical emergency; a missed or delayed diagnosis of this disease may contribute to a poor outcome and even death. Several studies have found elderly patients with AMI have atypical presentations for diagnosis, therefore we undertook this study to determine the risks among the elderly population, especially in female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this one-year retrospective study, we reviewed the cases of AMI patients who had visited the emergency department at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, and who had either been discharged or had died following a diagnosis of AMI (ICD code 410)...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Mohammadhossien Soltani, Masoud Mirzaei, Ahmad Amin, Mahmoud Emami, Reza Aryanpoor, Farimah Shamsi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common symptom for referring patients to emergency departments (ED). Among those referred, some are admitted to hospitals with a definite or tentative diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and some are discharged with primary diagnosis of non-cardiac chest pain. This study aimed at investigating 30 days' adverse outcomes of patients discharged from ED of a major heart center in Iran. METHODS: Out of 1638 chest pain admissions to the centre during 2010-2011, 962 patients (mean age= 50...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Joanna M Young, John W Pickering, Peter M George, Sally J Aldous, John Wallace, Chris M Frampton, Richard W Troughton, Mark A Richards, Jaimi H Greenslade, Louise Cullen, Martin P Than
BACKGROUND: Improved ability to rapidly rule-out Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in patients presenting with chest pain will promote decongestion of the Emergency Department (ED) and reduce unnecessary hospital admissions. We assessed a new commercial Heart Fatty Acid Binding Protein (H-FABP) assay for additional diagnostic value when combined with cardiac troponin (using a high sensitivity assay). METHODS: H-FABP and high-sensitivity troponins I (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) were measured in samples taken on-presentation from patients, attending the ED, with symptoms triggering investigation for possible acute coronary syndrome...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
Teng J Peng, Nicholas D Patchett, Sheilah A Bernard
We report two serious and unusual complications of benzodiazepine withdrawal in a single patient: takotsubo cardiomyopathy and catatonia. This 61-year-old female patient was brought to the emergency department with lethargy and within hours had declined into a state of catatonia. Although there was never a complaint of chest pain, ECG showed deep anterior T-wave inversions and cardiac enzymes were elevated. An echocardiogram was consistent with takotsubo cardiomyopathy. She later received 1 mg of midazolam and within minutes had resolution of catatonic symptoms...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
Kannikar Wechkunanukul, Hugh Grantham, Raechel Damarell, Robyn A Clark
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, and chest pain is one of the most common symptoms of ACSs. A rapid response to chest pain by patients and appropriate management by health professionals are vital to improve survival rates.People from different ethnic groups are likely to have different perceptions of chest pain, its severity and the need for urgent treatment. These differences in perception may contribute to differences in response to chests pain and precipitate unique coping strategies...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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