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Femoral triangle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009335/does-primary-lactase-deficiency-reduce-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Y Treister-Goltzman, M Friger, R Peleg
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The role of primary lactase deficiency (PLD) in its development is not clear. This meta-analysis showed that PLD is a risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. These women need special attention in terms of screening for osteoporosis and its prevention. INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is an important predictor of bone fractures. The purpose of the study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of association of PLD and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women...
July 16, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006022/chemical-shift-encoded-mri-for-assessment-of-bone-marrow-adipose-tissue-fat-composition-pilot-study-in-premenopausal-versus-postmenopausal-women
#2
Dimitri Martel, Benjamin Leporq, Mary Bruno, Ravinder R Regatte, Stephen Honig, Gregory Chang
OBJECT: To quantify and compare subregional proximal femur bone marrow fat composition in premenopausal and postmenopausal women using chemical shift-encoded-MRI (CSE-MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi gradient-echo sequence at 3 T was used to scan both hips of premenopausal (n = 9) and postmenopausal (n = 18) women. Subregional fat composition (saturation, poly-unsaturation, mono-unsaturation) was quantitatively assessed in the femoral head, femoral neck, Ward's triangle, greater trochanter, and proximal shaft in bone marrow adipose tissue and separately within red and yellow marrow adipose tissue...
July 10, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001859/validity-and-reliability-of-different-techniques-of-neck-shaft-angle-measurement
#3
A J Bizdikian, A Assi, Z Bakouny, F Yared, E Saghbini, G E Bakhos, S Esber, N Khalil, J Otayek, J Ghanimeh, C Sauret, W Skalli, I Ghanem
AIM: To determine a valid and reliable neck-shaft angle (NSA) measurement method while rotating the pelvises in increments of 5° in order to simulate patient malpositioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT images of 17 patients were used to produce digitally reconstructed radiographs in frontal and lateral views and three-dimensional (3D)-reconstructions of the femurs, considered to be the reference standard. Malpositioning was simulated by axially rotating the frontal radiographs from 0° to 20°...
July 9, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986901/warm-needle-acupuncture-in-primary-osteoporosis-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Ding Luo, Yue Liu, Yanan Wu, Rui Ma, Lin Wang, Ronghe Gu, Wenbin Fu
BACKGROUND: Warm needle acupuncture (WNA) is commonly used in primary osteoporosis (OP) management in China. The evidence of its effectiveness needs to be systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the meta-analysis was to evaluate whether using WNA alone or combined with conventional medicine benefits primary OP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register, Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and VIP databases were searched from their inception through 30 June 2016...
August 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947842/a-polygon-shaped-complex-appearance-of-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-with-dynamic-functional-insertion-based-on-an-outside-in-and-inside-out-dissection-technique
#5
Yunshen Ge, Shiyi Chen, Tomohiro Kato, Urszula Zdanowicz, Robert Smigielski
PURPOSE: To describe the unclarified characteristics of medial patellofemoral ligament and its relation to neighboring structures. METHODS: Sixteen fresh-frozen human knees were dissected in using outside-in and inside-out combined technique. The patellar side attachment was observed from the inside view and femoral side from outside view. RESULTS: The medial patellofemoral ligament was described a complex and multiconnected structure. The femoral side included the upper and lower portion, of which the upper portion attached on the femur with mean width 7...
June 8, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925410/adjuvant-radiation-therapy-for-malignant-abrikossoff-s-tumor-a-case-report-about-a-femoral-triangle-localisation
#6
C Marchand Crety, C Garbar, G Madelis, F Guillemin, P Soibinet Oudot, J C Eymard, S Servagi Vernat
BACKGROUND: Granular cell or Abrikossoff's tumors are usually benign however rare malignant forms concern 1 to 3% of cases reported. Pelvic locations are exceptional. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 43-years-old patient who had a benign Abrikossoff's tumor localized in the right femoral triangle diagnosed at the biopsy. The patient underwent a surgical tumorectomy and inguinal lymph nodes resection. Histologically, the tumor showed enough criteria to give diagnosis of malignancy: nuclear pleomorphism, tumor cell spindling, vesicular nuclei with large nucleoli...
June 20, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905612/adductor-canal-versus-femoral-triangle-let-us-all-get-on-the-same-page
#7
Jason K Panchamia, Adam D Niesen, Adam W Amundson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797704/the-analgesic-effect-of-a-popliteal-plexus-blockade-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-feasibility-study
#8
C Runge, S Bjørn, J M Jensen, N D Nielsen, M Vase, C Holm, T F Bendtsen
INTRODUCTION: An obturator nerve block (ONB) and a femoral triangle block (FTB) provide effective analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without impeding the ambulation, although the ONB produces motor blockade of the hip adductor muscles. The popliteal plexus (PP) in the popliteal fossa is formed by contribution from the tibial nerve and the posterior obturator nerve, innervating intraarticular genicular structures and the posterior capsule of the knee. We hypothesised that a popliteal plexus block (PPB) as a supplement to an FTB would reduce pain after TKA without anaesthetising motor branches from the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa...
May 24, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739257/obtuse-triangle-screw-configuration-for-optimal-internal-fixation-of-femoral-neck-fracture-an-anatomical-analysis
#9
Qiuliang Zhu, Bengong Shi, Bin Xu, Jianfeng Yuan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the optimal screw configuration for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures based on anatomic analysis on radiologic imaging. METHODS: Thirty proximal femurs of 15 adults were constructed by CT. Three femoral neck sections (FNS), the subcapital, medial, and the fundus, were projected on the lateral femoral trochanteric wall. The simulated three screw configurations in the projection of FNS include: two inverted equilateral triangles symmetrized to the axis of the FNS (IET-FNS group) or the coronal axis of the proximal femur (IET-PR group) and an obtuse triangle (OT group)...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693238/stability-of-l-shaped-and-inverted-triangle-fixation-assemblies-in-treating-pauwels-type-ii-femoral-neck-fracture-a-comparative-mechanical-study
#10
Vincenzo Giordano, Roger Pletsch Paes, Danilo Diniz Alves, Arthur Bonfim Amaral, William D Belangero, Marcos Giordano, Anderson Freitas, Hilton A Koch
PURPOSE: The aim of our study is to compare the mechanical resistance of two screw configurations in fixating type II Pauwels femoral neck fractures. METHODS: Fifteen synthetic models of femur bones in young adults were divided into three equal groups: intact (G1), models with fixation of a 5.0-mm failure zone created in the posterior cortex of the femoral neck using an L-shaped screw arrangement (G2, n = 5), and models with an identical failure zone fixated using an inverted triangle assembly (G3, n = 5)...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589046/-surgical-therapy-of-ischiofemoral-impingement-by-lateralizing-intertrochanteric-osteotomy
#11
REVIEW
C Suren, R Burgkart, I J Banke, G Hertel, J Schauwecker, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, H Gollwitzer
OBJECTIVE: Lateralizing, derotating intertrochanteric varus osteotomy to increase the ischiofemoral space to counter painful impingement of the lesser trochanter and the os ischium with resulting entrapment of quadratus femoris muscle. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) caused by Coxa valga et antetorta, Coxa valga or Coxa antetorta, or a short femoral neck. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Anatomic configuration suggestive of IFI in asymptomatic patients...
April 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526411/bone-mineral-density-in-pre-professional-female-ballet-dancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Michael A Wewege, Rachel E Ward
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively compare bone mineral density (BMD) outcomes between pre-professional female adolescent ballet dancers and control populations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases and relevant journals were systematically searched up to August 2017. Included articles examined BMD in adolescent females undergoing pre-professional ballet training and healthy age-matched controls with an available English full text...
August 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459082/ideal-screw-positions-for-multiple-screw-fixation-in-femoral-neck-fractures-study-of-proximal-femur-morphology-in-a-japanese-population
#13
Yuta Nakanishi, Takafumi Hiranaka, Masahiro Shirahama, Masafumi Uesugi, Kenjiro Okimura, Masanori Tsubosaka, Yousaku Shibata, Yuuichi Hida, Takaaki Fujishiro, Harunobu Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that multiple screw fixation is a common option of surgical treatment for femoral neck fractures, there is a paucity of precise morphological study of the femoral neck. To identify appropriate positions and spacing of hip screws for multiple-screw femoral neck fracture fixation, proximal femur morphology in Japanese patients was studied. METHOD: One hundred hips in fifty knee arthroplasty candidates were studied. Following full limb CT, defined slices were created and anatomical variables measured...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346228/analgesia-of-combined-femoral-triangle-and-obturator-nerve-blockade-is-superior-to-local-infiltration-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-high-dose-intravenous-dexamethasone
#14
Charlotte Runge, Jan Mick Jensen, Louise Clemmesen, Henriette Bach Knudsen, Carsten Holm, Jens Børglum, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High-dose intravenous dexamethasone reduces the postoperative opioid requirement and is often included in the multimodal analgesia strategy after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Combined obturator nerve and femoral triangle blockade (OFB) reduces the opioid consumption and pain after TKA better than local infiltration analgesia (LIA). The question is whether preoperative high-dose intravenous dexamethasone would cancel out the superior analgesic effect of OFB compared with LIA...
May 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320924/a-model-to-evaluate-pauwels-type-iii-femoral-neck-fractures
#15
Kevin M Magone, Jonas K Owen, Bernard P Kemker, Oliver Bloom, Sidney Martin, Patrick Atkinson
While many femoral neck fractures can be reliably treated with surgical intervention, Pauwels III femoral neck fractures in the young adult population continue to be a challenging injury, and there is no consensus on optimal treatment. As such, there are past and ongoing biomechanical studies to evaluate the fixation provided by different constructs for this inherently unstable fracture. While many investigations rely on cadavers to evaluate the biomechanical performance of a construct, significant inter-subject variability can confound the analysis...
March 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304057/long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-dietary-intake-is-positively-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-normal-and-osteopenic-spanish-women
#16
Jesus Lavado-García, Raul Roncero-Martin, Jose M Moran, Maria Pedrera-Canal, Ignacio Aliaga, Olga Leal-Hernandez, Sergio Rico-Martin, Maria L Canal-Macias
The regular consumption of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCO3-PUFAs) results in general health benefits. The intake of LCO3-PUFAs has been reported to contribute to bone metabolism. We aimed to investigate the relationships between dietary intakes of LCO3-PUFAs and bone mineral density (BMD) in Spanish women aged 20-79 years old. A total of 1865 female subjects (20-79 years old) were enrolled, and lumbar (L2, L3, L3 and total spine), hip (femoral neck (FN), femoral trochanter (FT) and Ward's triangle (WT)) bone mineral density (BMD) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299795/association-between-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults
#17
Ruo-Han Hao, Jun-Ling Gao, Meng Li, Wei Huang, Dong-Li Zhu, Hlaing Nwe Thynn, Shan-Shan Dong, Yan Guo
PURPOSE: Animal-based studies have reported a decrease in bone mass resulting from high level of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). However, the correlation between plasma FGF21 levels and bone mineral density (BMD) is paradoxical in previous human-based studies, and the associations between FGF21 gene polymorphisms and BMD haven't been reported yet. Therefore, here, we evaluated plasma FGF21 levels with sufficient study samples, and performed genetic association test to reveal the physiological and genetic role of FGF21 on BMD in adults...
February 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064925/lower-extremity-free-flaps-for-breast-reconstruction
#18
REVIEW
Joseph H Dayan, Robert J Allen
Thigh-based flaps are typically a secondary option for breast reconstruction because of concerns regarding limited tissue volume and donor-site morbidity. In recent years, there have been a number of new techniques and insights that have resulted in greater flexibility and improved outcomes. This article reviews lessons learned from a large collective experience using the following 4 flaps: transverse upper gracilis also known as transverse myocutaneous gracilis, diagonal upper gracilis, profunda artery perforator, and lateral thigh perforator flaps...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28995629/case-of-aneurism-of-the-femoral-artery-deligation-at-the-apex-of-scarpa-s-triangle-recovery
#19
Joseph Ewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 1871: Indian Medical Gazette
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982621/novel-use-of-fluorescence-lymphangiography-during-robotic-groin-dissection-for-penile-cancer
#20
Marc A Bjurlin, Lee C Zhao, Alexander P Kenigsberg, Alon Y Mass, Samir S Taneja, William C Huang
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique of robotic inguinal lymphadenectomy with near infrared fluorescence imaging (NIRF) using indocyanine green (ICG) to facilitate lymph node identification during robotic groin dissection for penile cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient is placed in lithotomy position with access to the groin. Three robotic ports and 1 assist port are placed in a V configuration below the tip of femoral triangle. Intradermal ICG is injected at the base of the penis (0...
September 2017: Urology
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