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Kjell Hausken
Cross country skiing, biathlon, Nordic combined, short track speed skating, and speed skating, (12+11+3+8+14=48 events), i.e. five of the 15 disciplines in the 2018 Winter Olympics, require participants to reach the finish line in minimum time, while exerting mechanical propulsion power through flat terrain, uphill, and downhill. This article compares distances and times for these disciplines systematically with each other and with running, walking, and swimming in the Summer Olympics. Regarding physiological implications, the absence of distances below 6 km in biathlon, 5 km in Nordic combined, 1...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
J Q Li, Y C Li
A large number of secret recipes, verified recipes and efficacious-tested recipes were the product of "Presenting Recipes Movement" in the 1950s. The recipes of dermatosis were important component part in presenting recipes, and accounted for 14.5% of the total number of articles in 8 kinds of journals of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). This essay analyzed the dermatosis recipes presented as cases, and compared them with other literatures, found that these recipes were accumulated of the clinical experiences and have good efficacious cures...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
X M Zhou, X Lu, X G Chen, Y M Meng
The theory of "Xiang Qi" (inspecting Qi or inspecting pneumata) is an important method of TCM inspection.It has important value in clinical diagnosis.The theoretical framework of "Xiang Qi" has been formed from the Huangdi Neijing ( The Yellow Emperor ' s Classic of Medicine )《》. The many ideas were improved and developed in many dynasties such as Sui, Tang, Song, Jin and Yuan. Especially the theory of "Xiang Qi" has been inherited and applied in Ming and Qing dynasties, the theory of "Xiang Qi" became an important diagnostic method for the clinical practice...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
X F Chen, H S Peng
Bencao Tujing ( Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica )《》 is one of the famous Chinese herbalism works in the Song Dynasty. This book contains a total of 814 kinds of medicinal herbs, recorded a lot of crude drugs and the producing regions information. The records of crude drugs can be divided into two parts: the text and the attached drawings.So we carries on the statistics, the comparison and the analysis to the crude drugs producing regions and the genuine producing regions two aspects.The results show that there are 537 producing regions in the text, of which the specific producing regions about 3/4, generally referred producing regions only about 1/4...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Y Ye, Q Zhang, Y L Ren, J M Li
The compilation of medical bamboo slips, which are excavated from a Han dynasty tomb in Laoguanshan(Mount. Laoguan), has two manuscripts: ' Zhu Bing Ⅰ(cases study Ⅰ)'and ' Zhu Bing Ⅱ(cases study Ⅱ)'. ' Zhu Bing Ⅰ'mainly discussed the pathogenic factor "wind" and "wind diseases" . It also analyzed the features of pathogenic factor "wind" . It classified the "wind diseases" into 17 kinds from 4 point views, and documented the symptoms of 17 kinds of "wind disease" ...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Q F Xiao, Y Y Lu, C M Meng, W H Qin
Objective: To assess psychological acceptance and occupational stress of medical staff, analyze the relationship among personality, psychological acceptance and occupational stress and discuss the direct or indirect effects of personality to occupational stress. Methods: The gaseous four kinds of carboxylic acids in the workplace air were simultaneously collected by silica gel tube, and then desorbed by deionized water and eluted by ion chromatograph. The the content was detected by conductivity detector. Results: The linear relationship was good in the concentration range of about 0~140 mg/L...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Y J Zheng, M X Pan, Y Wang
Ductular reaction is a kind of repair response to biliary and hepatocellular injury, and the pathological changes include lobular bile duct hyperplasia, matrix change and inflammatory cell infiltrations. In human liver, a ductular reaction originates from the activation and proliferation of hepatic progenitor cells. The activated hepatic progenitor cells, the intermediate hepatocytes and the reactive small bile duct cells together form the cell complex of ductular reaction, which has the dual characteristics of hepatobiliary system and co-expresses the hepatocyte and cholangiocyte antigen...
August 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
X W Liu, P Y Liu, C Jiang, Y H Gao
Glucocorticoids is a type of steroid hormone secreted from zona fasciculata of adrenal cortex.As an immune and inflammatory inhibitor, glucocorticoids has been used to treat many kinds of diseases.T cell response plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of liver diseases. However, the role of glucocorticoids in the mechanism and treatment of liver disease in current clinical practice is controversial. This paper summarizes the progress of glucocorticoid use for the treatment of liver diseases in recent years...
July 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
L Gong, J P Shi
Currently, there is no randomized controlled clinical trial of immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related diseases in the world. Therefore, the best-known evidence-based medical treatment plan for this disorder is unavailable. The goal of IgG4-related hepatobiliary diseases treatment is to alleviate symptoms, prevent disease-related complications and fibrosis progression. A definite diagnosis is warranted before treatment. Hormonal therapy has become the basis of induction of remission in IgG4-related hepatobiliary disease...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Diogo Rijo
Euthanasia has been discussed since Antiquity. Euthanasia and assisted suicide should be considered under the term "euthanasia" and under the same definition of "active and intentional death on demand of the patient, due to administration of medication, resulting from the decision of the physician, being independent of the executor", before being suithanasia, where the administration of medication was performed by the patient, or homothanasia, in the case of the doctor. The designations direct, active and voluntary, currently related to euthanasia should fall into disuse, because it assumes various kinds, of what is false...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
ZhaoFang Li, RongQiang Zhang, XiaoLi Yang, DanDan Zhang, BaoRong Li, Di Zhang, Qiang Li, YongMin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a kind of chronic osteoarthropathy and degenerative joint disease. Epigenetic regulation in the gene expression dynamics has become increasingly important in OA. We performed a combined analysis of two types of microarray datasets (gene expression and DNA methylation) to identify methylation-based key biomarkers to provide a better understanding of molecular biological mechanisms of OA. METHODS: We obtained two expression profiling datasets (GSE55235, GSE55457) and one DNA methylation profiling data set (GSE63695) from the Gene Expression Omnibus...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Feng-Na Yu, Ming-Lan Hu, Xin-Fang Wang, Xiang-Ping Li, Bei-Hao Zhang, Xiao-Qing Lu, Rui-Qiang Wang
As one major diabetic complication, diabetic nephropathy (DN) has been reported to be associated with various kinds of microRNA (miRNA). Thus, we conducted this study to explore the potential of miR-370 in a rat model of DN through investigation of mesangial cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM). A total of 40 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were enrolled and assigned into normal (n = 10) and DN ( n = 30, DN rat model) groups. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed for the targeting relationship between miR-370 and canopy 1 (CNPY1)...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Yuxiang Zhang, Jianping Wei, Yahong Yuan, Tianli Yue
In this work, psychrotrophs known to cause food spoilage were isolated from commercial food products. Further, temperature sensitivities and volatile organic compounds of the representative strains were characterized to evaluate the population heterogeneity. A total of 490 isolates belonging to 38 genera of 20 families were identified from 30 psychrotroph-positive samples, among which Gram-negative bacteria occurred frequently. The genus Pseudomonas exhibited a clear predominance, especially Pseudomonas fragi, followed by Psychrobacter, Brochothrix, Serratia, and Stenotrophomonas, with the dominant bacteria varying with origin...
October 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Mary Aigbiremo Oboh, Upasana Shyamsunder Singh, Hiasindh Ashmi Antony, Daouda Agregé Ndiaye, Aida Sadikh Badiane, Nazia Anwar Ali, Praveen Kumar Bharti, Aparup Das
Malaria is an age-old disease of human kind living in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the globe, with Africa contributing the highest incidence of morbidity and mortality. Among many hurdles, evolution and spread of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum parasites constitute major challenges to malaria control and elimination. Information on molecular epidemiology and pattern of evolution of genes conferring resistance to different antimalarials are needed to track the route of the spread of resistant parasites and also to inform if the drug-resistant genes are adapted in the population following the Darwinian model of evolution...
October 11, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Cuili Zou, Qiaoqin Zhang, Shenghong Zhang
As one kind of complications of pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can influence the health of maternal-child in clinical practice. The C57 BL/KsJdb/+ (db/+) mice, genetic GDM model, and C57 BL/KsJ+/+ (wild-type) mice were purchased and classified into three groups: normal pregnancy (C57 BL/KsJ+/+ ), GDM (C57 BL/KsJdb/+ ), and GDM plus Mogroside IIIE (20.0 mg/kg) group. GDM symptoms (maternal body weight, serum glucose, and insulin levels), glucose and insulin tolerance, and reproductive outcome (body weight at birth and litter size of offspring) were investigated...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Guangxi Sun, Xingming Zhang, Junru Chen, Banghua Liao, Zhenhua Liu, Jinge Zhao, Allen C Gao, Yaojing Yang, Kunpeng Shu, Jiandong Liu, Peng Zhao, Pengfei Shen, Hao Zeng
We conducted a systematic network meta-analysis to review the relevant literature evaluating the therapeutic efficacy of upfront docetaxel (Doc) or abiraterone (Abi) plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on oncological outcome in patients with castration-naïve prostate cancer (CNPC). An attempt to identify subgroups of patients who would benefit most either from Doc or Abi plus ADT and further compare the efficacy and safety between these two combination therapies was made. A comprehensive search of the PubMed/Medline, Embase databases, International Clinical Trial Registration Platform (ICTRP), Clinical Trial, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to December 2017 was performed...
October 10, 2018: Urologic Oncology
S Miceli Sopo, A Romano, G Bersani, C Fantacci, L Badina, G Longo, G Monti, S Viola, S Tripodi, G Barilaro, I D Iacono, C Caffarelli, C Mastrorilli, S Barni, F Mori, L Liotti, B Cuomo, F Franceschini, D Viggiano, S Monaco
BACKGROUND: Few studies on the age of resolution of Food Protein Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) induced by solid foods are available. In particular, for FPIES induced by egg, the mean age of tolerance acquisition reported in the literature ranges from 42 to 63 months. OBJECTIVE: We have assessed whether the age of tolerance acquisition in acute egg FPIES varies depending on whether the egg is cooked or raw. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective and multicentric study of children with diagnosis of acute egg FPIES seen in 10 Italian allergy units between July 2003 and October 2017...
October 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
J-H Liou, Y-M Liu, C-H Chen
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the major cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Taiwan. Despite the use of steroids and/or calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) in renal transplantation (RTx), additional challenges occur when a patient displays persisting metabolic disease, carries on an unhealthy lifestyle, or experiences genetic effects. Although RTx recipients could get better glycemic control by oral anti-diabetic drugs (OADs) or several insulin agents, they still need more than two kinds of medication...
October 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Rod Sheaff
This paper considers an implication of the idea that proposals for integrated care for older people should start from a focus on the patient, consider co-production solutions to the problems of care fragmentation, and be at a system-wide, cross-organisational level. It follows that the analysis, design and therefore evaluation of integrated care projects should be based upon the journeys which older patients with multiple chronic conditions usually have to make from professional to professional and service to service...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Kenan Karbeyaz, Yeşim Yeti Ş, Ayhan Güneş, Ümit Şi Mşek
INTRODUCTION: and Objective: Femicide can be defined as violence caused by gender discrimination which results in the death of a woman. In this study, the characteristics of the femicide cases of the last 25 years that have been encountered in Eskisehir, Turkey will be evaluated. It is intended for this article to make a valuable contribution to the existing literature on femicide by adding new data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female subjects in Eskişehir who were killed by their partner (husband, boyfriend, ex-husband or ex-boyfriend) during the 25-year period between 1992 and 2016 were included in this study...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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