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Ruding Zhang, Jingze Bao, YuHuang Wang, Chuan-Fu Sun
Storing as many as three K-ions per atom, bismuth is a promising anode material for rechargeable potassium-ion batteries that may replace lithium-ion batteries for large-scale electrical energy storage. However, Bi suffers from poor electrochemical cyclability in conventional electrolytes. Here, we demonstrate that a 5 molar (M) ether-based electrolyte, versus the typical 1 M electrolyte, can effectively passivate the bismuth surface due to elevated reduction resistance. This protection allows a bismuth-carbon anode to simultaneously achieve high specific capacity, electrochemical cyclability and Coulombic efficiency, as well as small potential hysteresis and improved rate capability...
August 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Giovanni Pezzulo, Francesco Donnarumma, Haris Dindo, Alessandro D'Ausilio, Ivana Konvalinka, Cristiano Castelfranchi
Human communication is a traditional topic of research in many disciplines such as psychology, linguistics and philosophy, all of which mainly focused on language, gestures and deictics. However, these do not constitute the sole channels of communication, especially during online social interaction, where instead an additional critical role may be played by sensorimotor communication (SMC). SMC refers here to (often subtle) communicative signals embedded within pragmatic actions - for example, a soccer player carving his body movements in ways that inform a partner about his intention, or to feint an adversary; or the many ways we offer a glass of wine, rudely or politely...
June 30, 2018: Physics of Life Reviews
Kristian Rude, Peter Svensson, Thomas Starch-Jensen
PURPOSE: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no difference in neurosensory disturbances (NSDs) after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with piezoelectric surgery compared with conventional techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed (Medline), Embase Library, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a manual search of relevant journals was conducted from January 2000 to November 2017. Randomized controlled trials and controlled trials in humans were considered...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eric S Ruff, Takashi Hirase, Malcolm J Rude
Background: Capsular contracture (CC) is the most frequently reported complication following breast augmentation. A growing body of evidence implicates subclinical (biofilm) infection around breast implants as an important cause of CC, however effective prophylactic and treatment modalities remain controversial. Objectives: This article aims to review a single surgeon's experience using an antibiotic-impregnated mesh as a prophylactic measure against biofilm formation and recurrent CC...
July 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Bernard Atinyagrika Adugbire, Lydia Aziato
Background: The purpose of the study was to explore surgical patients' experiences of discharge planning and home care in the Northern part of Ghana. Methods: The study was conducted at a referral hospital located at the Northern part of Ghana. A qualitative explorative descriptive design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit participants. Data was saturated with 15 participants aged between 23 and 65 years. All the interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim...
2018: BMC Nursing
Fu-Gang Zhao, Cheng-Min Hu, Yu-Ting Kong, Bingyige Pan, Xiang Yao, Jian Chu, Zi-Wen Xu, Biao Zuo, Wei-Shi Li
In this contribution, we describe a novel, facile, and scalable methodology for high degree functionalization toward graphene by the reaction between bulk graphite fluoride and in situ generated amine anion. Using this, the rationally designed sulfanilic acid pending on a graphene scaffold (G-SO3 H), a two-dimensional (2D) π-conjugated counterpart of poly(styrenesulfonate), is available. Combined reliable characterizations demonstrate that a very large quantity of sulfanilic blocks are linked to graphene through the foreseen substitution of carbon-fluorine units and an unexpected reductive defluorination simultaneously proceeds during the one-step reaction, endowing the resultant G-SO3 H with splendid dispersity in various solvents and film-forming property via the former, and with recovered 2D π-conjugation via the latter...
July 25, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Francesca Siu-Paredes, Nathalie Rude, Corinne Rat, Matthieu Reynaud, Mohamad Hamad, Sahar Moussa-Badran, Frederic Denis
Background: The aim of this work was to present the creation of appropriate tools to evaluate the coping strategies in Oral-Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQOL) implemented by persons with schizophrenia (PWS), the Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile (SCOOHP), and the results of a feasibility study. Methods: A qualitative investigation was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017.The first step included 26 semi-structured individual interviews, 20 with PWS and 6 with health professionals (HPs), and 2 focus groups (PWS and HPs) to explore the experiences of the participants and how they felt about coping strategies in OHrQOL...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Thuy Thu Nguyen, Nam Nhat-Cong Huynh, Sujiwan Seubbuk, Thanapoj Nilmoje, Aree Wanasuntronwong, Rudee Surarit
Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and nicotine have been implicated as a major pathogen in the development and progression of periodontitis. One of the possible mechanism is via the oxidative stress of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) which lead to the damage of cell viability and function. This study aimed to investigate oxidative stress (OS) levels in the cultured media of human PDLF under the induction of P. gingivalis lysate and nicotine. Primary PDLF was cultured in growth media under P...
June 29, 2018: Odontology
Tope L Rude, Nicholas M Donin, Matthew R Cohn, William Meeks, Scott Gulig, Samir N Patel, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To define the rates of common Hospital Acquired Conditions (HACs) in patients undergoing major urological surgery over a period of time encompassing the implementation of the Hospital Acquired Condition Reduction program, and to evaluate whether implementation of the HAC reimbursement penalties in 2008 was associated with a change in the rate of HACs. METHODS: Using American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data, we determined rates of HACs in patients undergoing major inpatient urological surgery from 2005 to 2012...
June 7, 2018: Urology
Azmina Hussain, Sidra Zaheer, Kashif Shafique
BACKGROUND: Betel quid (BQ) chewing in children is initiated in their adolescence. It is pivotal to understand adolescents' reasons behind chewing BQ. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the reasons for BQ chewing amongst adolescents using reasons for betel quid chewing scale (RBCS) and their associated dependency on it. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional school based survey. Out of 2200 adolescents from 26 schools of Karachi, 874 BQ chewers were assessed for their reasons of BQ chewing and dependency on it...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men's involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and barriers and enablers to involving fathers in antenatal care have not been well studied. The purpose of this paper is to explore attitudes to expectant fathers participating in antenatal care, and to identify barriers and enablers to men's participation in antenatal care with their pregnant partner in PNG...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lucas J Beversdorf, Kayla Rude, Chelsea A Weirich, Sarah L Bartlett, Mary Seaman, Christine Kozik, Peter Biese, Timothy Gosz, Michael Suha, Christopher Stempa, Christopher Shaw, Curtis Hedman, Joseph J Piatt, Todd R Miller
Freshwater cyanobacterial blooms are becoming increasingly problematic in regions that rely on surface waters for drinking water production. Microcystins (MCs) are toxic peptides produced by multiple cyanobacterial genera with a global occurrence. Cyanobacteria also produce a variety of other toxic and/or otherwise bioactive peptides (TBPs) that have gained less attention including cyanopeptolins (Cpts), anabaenopeptins (Apts), and microginins (Mgn). In this study, we compared temporal and spatial trends of four MCs (MCLR, MCRR, MCYR, MCLA), three Cpts (Cpt1020, Cpt1041, Cpt1007), two Apts (AptF, AptB), and Mgn690 in raw drinking water and at six surface water locations above these drinking water intakes in a eutrophic lake...
September 1, 2018: Water Research
T Williams, B Rude, S Liao, C Mochal-King, M Nicodemus
The objective of this study was to observe how fat incorporated into an equine forage-based diet through supplementation altered levels of plasma glucose, insulin and fatty acids. Five Shetland/Hackney cross pony mares were fed alfalfa pellet diets top dressed with commercially available vegetable oil (blend of soya bean, canola and corn oils) at 0%, 5%, 10% or 15% of diet. Ponies were randomly assigned one of four diets to start, with a 14-day adjustment period between transitioning to another one of the four diets...
August 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Jennifer E Merrill, Rochelle K Rosen, Holly K Boyle, Kate B Carey
College students may subjectively evaluate the consequences of drinking in unexpected ways, rating "negative" consequences as neutral or even positive experiences. We previously gathered qualitative evidence for several contextual factors that may influence one's subjective evaluations (e.g., social influences, intoxication level, concurrent positive consequences). The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively investigate whether student evaluations of consequences differ by various contextual factors...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Lucia V Torian, Uriel R Felsen, Qiang Xia, Fabienne Laraque, Eric J Rude, Herbert Rose, Adam Cole, Angelica Bocour, Gary J Williams, Robert F Bridgforth, Lisa A Forgione, Howard Doo, Sarah L Braunstein, Demetre C Daskalakis, Barry S Zingman
OBJECTIVES: To measure undiagnosed HIV and HCV in a New York City emergency department (ED). METHODS: We conducted a blinded cross-sectional serosurvey with remnant serum from specimens originally drawn for clinical indications in the ED. Serum was deduplicated and matched to (1) the hospital's electronic medical record and (2) the New York City HIV and HCV surveillance registries for evidence of previous diagnosis before being deidentified and tested for HIV and HCV...
May 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Yongwoog Andrew Jeon, Brent Hale, Eric Knackmuhs, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Anonymous verbal attacks against overweight individuals on social media are common and widespread. These comments often use negative, misogynist, or derogatory words, which stigmatize the targeted individuals with obesity. These verbal attacks may cause depression in overweight individuals, which could subsequently promote unhealthy eating behavior (ie, binge eating) and further weight gain. To develop an intervention policy and strategies that tackle the anonymous, Web-based verbal attacks, a thorough understanding of the comments is necessary...
March 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Abeer A Nasir, Razan Salah, Abla Sayyed Ahmad, Samah Abu Hijleh, Sa'eed Abu Kattab, Alia Al Kurd, Rawan Al Sharif, Raed Amro, Ahmad Khatib, Hana' Mousa, Walaa Shamasnah, Khammisa Shqerat, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Hamm is an Arabic word that is used to express suffering. Idioms of distress are communicated differently in different contexts and cultures. Understanding idioms of distress and symptoms can help in diagnosis and lead to socioculturally sensitive health care. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we did semi-structured interviews with men and women of all age groups. Questions focused on the definition, causes, and consequences of Hamm. Responses were analysed by reading and re-reading interview transcripts until themes and subthemes emerged...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Sineepat Talungchit, Waranun Buajeeb, Chotima Lerdtripop, Rudee Surarit, Kongthawat Chairatvit, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Yuichi Izumi, Siribang-On Piboonniyom Khovidhunkit
BACKGROUND: Salivary protein biomarkers for screening and diagnosis of oral lichen planus (OLP) are not well-defined. The objective of this study was to identify putative protein biomarkers for OLP using proteomic approaches. METHODS: Pooled unstimulated whole saliva was collected from five OLP patients and five healthy control participants. Saliva samples were then subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, followed by mass spectrometry to identify putative protein biomarkers...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Jonathan M Grimes, David R Hall, Alun W Ashton, Gwyndaf Evans, Robin L Owen, Armin Wagner, Katherine E McAuley, Frank von Delft, Allen M Orville, Thomas Sorensen, Martin A Walsh, Helen M Ginn, David I Stuart
Macromolecular crystallography (MX) has been a motor for biology for over half a century and this continues apace. A series of revolutions, including the production of recombinant proteins and cryo-crystallography, have meant that MX has repeatedly reinvented itself to dramatically increase its reach. Over the last 30 years synchrotron radiation has nucleated a succession of advances, ranging from detectors to optics and automation. These advances, in turn, open up opportunities. For instance, a further order of magnitude could perhaps be gained in signal to noise for general synchrotron experiments...
February 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
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