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Denis Frederic, Rat Corinne, Reynaud Matthieu, Siu-Paredes Francesca, Tubert-Jeannin Stephanie, Rude Nathalie
Background: The aim of this study was to present the different stages of development of the Schizophrenia Oral Health Profile (SOHP) questionnaire, aimed at assessing oral disorders and their impacts on functioning and psychosocial wellbeing for patients with schizophrenia (PWS) and to give the results of a feasibility study conducted in France. Materials and methods: The first step of this qualitative study was semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 PWS and 6 health professionals (HP)...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Mouna Sdiri, Xiangmin Li, William W Du, Safia El-Bok, Yi-Zhen Xie, Mossadok Ben-Attia, Burton B Yang
The extensive applications of Cynomorium species and their rich bioactive secondary metabolites have inspired many pharmacological investigations. Previous research has been conducted to examine the biological activities and numerous interesting pharmaceutical activities have been reported. However, the antitumor activities of these species are unclear. To understand the potential anticancer activity, we screened Cynomorium coccineum and Cynomorium songaricum using three different extracts of each species. In this study, the selected extracts were evaluated for their ability to decrease survival rates of five different cancer cell lines...
September 26, 2018: Cancers
Chancy S Chimatiro, Precious Hajison, Effie Chipeta, Adamson S Muula
BACKGROUND: Exploring barriers contributing to low utilization of Antenatal Care (ANC) during the first trimester of pregnancy is of national programmatic importance. We conducted an exploratory study in 2013 at Bilira Health Centre in Ntcheu district-Malawi with an aim of understanding barriers that prevent pregnant women from attending antenatal clinics in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHOD: This was cross sectional exploratory study using qualitative approach...
September 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
Nishi Suryavanshi, Vidya Mave, Abhay Kadam, Savita Kanade, Srilatha Sivalenka, V Sampath Kumar, Pauline Harvey, Radhayshyam Gupta, Asha Hegde, Nikhil Gupte, Amita Gupta, Robert C Bollinger, Anita Shankar
BACKGROUND: The Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) program in India is one of the largest in the world. It uses outreach workers (ORWs) to facilitate patient uptake of services, however, the challenges faced by the ORWs, and their views about the effectiveness of this program are unknown. METHODS: The COMmunity-Home Based INDia (COMBIND) Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV study evaluated an integrated mobile health and behavioral intervention to enhance the capacity of ORWs in India...
2018: PloS One
Jermaine Ravalier, Rheanna Morton, Lauren Russell, Antonio Rei Fidalgo
The UK domiciliary care workers play a vital role in maintaining and improving the lives of service users who have a variety of needs. Around 60% of these employees work under zero-hours contracts but, while it is known that conditions such as temporary and shift working can influence employee health and performance, zero-hours have not been widely investigated. This project sought to first investigate the stress associated with working as a domiciliary care worker, as well as comparing the experiences of employees contracted to zero-hours with those contracted to at least 16 hr per week...
September 2, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Roger Y Bello, Sophie E Canton, Denis Jelovina, John D Bozek, Bruce Rude, Olga Smirnova, Mikhail Y Ivanov, Alicia Palacios, Fernando Martín
Autoionizing resonances are paradigmatic examples of two-path wave interferences between direct photoionization, which takes a few attoseconds, and ionization via quasi-bound states, which takes much longer. Time-resolving the evolution of these interferences has been a long-standing goal, achieved recently in the helium atom owing to progress in attosecond technologies. However, already for the hydrogen molecule, similar time imaging has remained beyond reach due to the complex interplay between fast nuclear and electronic motions...
August 2018: Science Advances
Caleb O Lemley, Caitlin G Hart, Racheal L Lemire, E Heath King, Richard M Hopper, Seong B Park, Brian J Rude, Derris D Burnett
The objective was to examine uterine artery blood flow (UBF) as well as macroscopic and microscopic placentome vascular density in nutrient restricted Angus and Brahman heifers. Angus (n = 6) and Brahman (n = 6) heifers were bred to a single sire and pregnancy confirmed at 30 days post-breeding. Heifers were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments consisting of 100% (control fed; CON; n = 6) or 60% (total nutrient restricted; RES; n = 6) based from net energy requirements for gestating heifers. Nutritional treatments were imposed from day 50 to 180 of gestation...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Arianna Zanolini, Kombatende Sikombe, Izukanji Sikazwe, Ingrid Eshun-Wilson, Paul Somwe, Carolyn Bolton Moore, Stephanie M Topp, Nancy Czaicki, Laura K Beres, Chanda P Mwamba, Nancy Padian, Charles B Holmes, Elvin H Geng
BACKGROUND: In public health HIV treatment programs in Africa, long-term retention remains a challenge. A number of improvement strategies exist (e.g., bring services closer to home, reduce visit frequency, expand hours of clinic operation, improve provider attitude), but implementers lack data about which to prioritize when resource constraints preclude implementing all. We used a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to quantify preferences for a number of potential clinic improvements to enhance retention...
August 2018: PLoS Medicine
Ruding Zhang, Jingze Bao, YuHuang Wang, Chuan-Fu Sun
Storing as many as three K-ions per atom, bismuth is a promising anode material for rechargeable potassium-ion batteries that may replace lithium-ion batteries for large-scale electrical energy storage. However, Bi suffers from poor electrochemical cyclability in conventional electrolytes. Here, we demonstrate that a 5 molar (M) ether-based electrolyte, versus the typical 1 M electrolyte, can effectively passivate the bismuth surface due to elevated reduction resistance. This protection allows a bismuth-carbon anode to simultaneously achieve high specific capacity, electrochemical cyclability and Coulombic efficiency, as well as small potential hysteresis and improved rate capability...
August 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Giovanni Pezzulo, Francesco Donnarumma, Haris Dindo, Alessandro D'Ausilio, Ivana Konvalinka, Cristiano Castelfranchi
Human communication is a traditional topic of research in many disciplines such as psychology, linguistics and philosophy, all of which mainly focused on language, gestures and deictics. However, these do not constitute the sole channels of communication, especially during online social interaction, where instead an additional critical role may be played by sensorimotor communication (SMC). SMC refers here to (often subtle) communicative signals embedded within pragmatic actions - for example, a soccer player carving his body movements in ways that inform a partner about his intention, or to feint an adversary; or the many ways we offer a glass of wine, rudely or politely...
June 30, 2018: Physics of Life Reviews
Kristian Rude, Peter Svensson, Thomas Starch-Jensen
PURPOSE: The objective of the present systematic review was to test the hypothesis of no difference in neurosensory disturbances (NSDs) after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with piezoelectric surgery compared with conventional techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed (Medline), Embase Library, and Cochrane Library search in combination with a manual search of relevant journals was conducted from January 2000 to November 2017. Randomized controlled trials and controlled trials in humans were considered...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eric S Ruff, Takashi Hirase, Malcolm J Rude
Background: Capsular contracture (CC) is the most frequently reported complication following breast augmentation. A growing body of evidence implicates subclinical (biofilm) infection around breast implants as an important cause of CC, however effective prophylactic and treatment modalities remain controversial. Objectives: This article aims to review a single surgeon's experience using an antibiotic-impregnated mesh as a prophylactic measure against biofilm formation and recurrent CC...
July 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Bernard Atinyagrika Adugbire, Lydia Aziato
Background: The purpose of the study was to explore surgical patients' experiences of discharge planning and home care in the Northern part of Ghana. Methods: The study was conducted at a referral hospital located at the Northern part of Ghana. A qualitative explorative descriptive design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit participants. Data was saturated with 15 participants aged between 23 and 65 years. All the interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim...
2018: BMC Nursing
Fu-Gang Zhao, Cheng-Min Hu, Yu-Ting Kong, Bingyige Pan, Xiang Yao, Jian Chu, Zi-Wen Xu, Biao Zuo, Wei-Shi Li
In this contribution, we describe a novel, facile, and scalable methodology for high degree functionalization toward graphene by the reaction between bulk graphite fluoride and in situ generated amine anion. Using this, the rationally designed sulfanilic acid pending on a graphene scaffold (G-SO3 H), a two-dimensional (2D) π-conjugated counterpart of poly(styrenesulfonate), is available. Combined reliable characterizations demonstrate that a very large quantity of sulfanilic blocks are linked to graphene through the foreseen substitution of carbon-fluorine units and an unexpected reductive defluorination simultaneously proceeds during the one-step reaction, endowing the resultant G-SO3 H with splendid dispersity in various solvents and film-forming property via the former, and with recovered 2D π-conjugation via the latter...
July 25, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Francesca Siu-Paredes, Nathalie Rude, Corinne Rat, Matthieu Reynaud, Mohamad Hamad, Sahar Moussa-Badran, Frederic Denis
Background: The aim of this work was to present the creation of appropriate tools to evaluate the coping strategies in Oral-Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQOL) implemented by persons with schizophrenia (PWS), the Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile (SCOOHP), and the results of a feasibility study. Methods: A qualitative investigation was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017.The first step included 26 semi-structured individual interviews, 20 with PWS and 6 with health professionals (HPs), and 2 focus groups (PWS and HPs) to explore the experiences of the participants and how they felt about coping strategies in OHrQOL...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
Thuy Thu Nguyen, Nam Nhat-Cong Huynh, Sujiwan Seubbuk, Thanapoj Nilmoje, Aree Wanasuntronwong, Rudee Surarit
Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and nicotine have been implicated as a major pathogen in the development and progression of periodontitis. One of the possible mechanism is via the oxidative stress of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) which lead to the damage of cell viability and function. This study aimed to investigate oxidative stress (OS) levels in the cultured media of human PDLF under the induction of P. gingivalis lysate and nicotine. Primary PDLF was cultured in growth media under P...
June 29, 2018: Odontology
Tope L Rude, Nicholas M Donin, Matthew R Cohn, William Meeks, Scott Gulig, Samir N Patel, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To define the rates of common hospital acquired conditions (HACs) in patients undergoing major urologic surgery over a period of time encompassing the implementation of the Hospital Acquired Condition Reduction program, and to evaluate whether implementation of the HAC reimbursement penalties in 2008 was associated with a change in the rate of HACs. METHODS: Using American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data, we determined rates of HACs in patients undergoing major inpatient urologic surgery from 2005 to 2012...
June 7, 2018: Urology
Azmina Hussain, Sidra Zaheer, Kashif Shafique
BACKGROUND: Betel quid (BQ) chewing in children is initiated in their adolescence. It is pivotal to understand adolescents' reasons behind chewing BQ. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the reasons for BQ chewing amongst adolescents using reasons for betel quid chewing scale (RBCS) and their associated dependency on it. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional school based survey. Out of 2200 adolescents from 26 schools of Karachi, 874 BQ chewers were assessed for their reasons of BQ chewing and dependency on it...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men's involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and barriers and enablers to involving fathers in antenatal care have not been well studied. The purpose of this paper is to explore attitudes to expectant fathers participating in antenatal care, and to identify barriers and enablers to men's participation in antenatal care with their pregnant partner in PNG...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lucas J Beversdorf, Kayla Rude, Chelsea A Weirich, Sarah L Bartlett, Mary Seaman, Christine Kozik, Peter Biese, Timothy Gosz, Michael Suha, Christopher Stempa, Christopher Shaw, Curtis Hedman, Joseph J Piatt, Todd R Miller
Freshwater cyanobacterial blooms are becoming increasingly problematic in regions that rely on surface waters for drinking water production. Microcystins (MCs) are toxic peptides produced by multiple cyanobacterial genera with a global occurrence. Cyanobacteria also produce a variety of other toxic and/or otherwise bioactive peptides (TBPs) that have gained less attention including cyanopeptolins (Cpts), anabaenopeptins (Apts), and microginins (Mgn). In this study, we compared temporal and spatial trends of four MCs (MCLR, MCRR, MCYR, MCLA), three Cpts (Cpt1020, Cpt1041, Cpt1007), two Apts (AptF, AptB), and Mgn690 in raw drinking water and at six surface water locations above these drinking water intakes in a eutrophic lake...
September 1, 2018: Water Research
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