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Journal of urology

Amelia Pietropaolo, Patrick Jones, Mike Moors, Brian Birch, Bhaskar K Somani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intravesical antibiotics (IVA) has been used for prophylaxis and treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs). However, there is a lack of comprehensive evidence and consensus on its use. We conducted a systematic review to collect all available data about the effectiveness of IVA in prevention and treatment of rUTIs and to give an overview on the outcomes to date. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out for all English language articles from inception to August 2017, according to the Cochrane and PRISMA standards using MEDLINE, Scopus, Biomed Central, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science with references cross-checked and individual urology journals hand-searched...
August 9, 2018: Current Urology Reports
Stephen M Bonsib
The kidney is one of the most complicated organs in development and is susceptible to more types of diseases than other organs. The disease spectrum includes developmental and cystic diseases, involvement by systemic diseases, iatrogenic complications, ascending infections and urinary tract obstruction, and neoplastic diseases. The diagnosis of kidney disease is unique involving 2 subspecialties, urologic pathology and renal pathology. Both renal and urologic pathologists employ the renal biopsy as a diagnostic modality...
September 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Mark C Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Dominique Thomas, Caroline Chung, Yiye Zhang, Alexis Te, Christian Gratzke, Henry Woo, Bilal Chughtai
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) affects over 50% of men above the age of 50 yr. With half of these men having bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms, this area represents a hot bed of novel treatments. Many BPH therapies have favorable short-term outcomes but lack durability or well-defined adverse events (AEs). Clinical trials are a gold standard for comparing treatments. We characterized all BPH clinical trials registered worldwide from inception to 2017. A total of 251 clinical trials were included. Of the studies, 30...
May 24, 2018: European Urology Focus
Mustafa Yüksel, Tümay İpekçi, Ahmet Tunçkıran
OBJECTIVE: In our country, preparing dissertation is essential for the research assistants in order to complete their expertise in medicine. It is aimed to produce hypothesis for researchers via writing their dissertations, to collect data for the hypothesis established, to make the analysis and interpretation of these data, and to gain the ability for the comparison of the findings obtained with the literature. In this study, we want to investigate the publication rates and citations of urology dissertations that are written at the university hospitals in our country between 2008 and 2011...
July 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Adie Viljoen, Rabia Chaudhry, John Bycroft
Renal stone disease is a worldwide problem which carries significant morbidity. It frequently requires specialist urology intervention. Patients with recurrent disease and those at high risk require specialist investigations and review. Certain cases benefit from medical and surgical intervention. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, risk assessment, specialist investigations and various interventions, their rationale and evidence base. This review aims to provide an update of the previous publication in 2001 in this journal on this topic...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
N Fernandez, A Puerto, A Azuero, F O'Kelly, J Hannick, M Rickard, A Kirsch, A Caldamone, M Koyle
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been one of the defining conditions unique to pediatric urology since its inception. The clinical implications of this disease process depend on intrinsic patient factors such as age, genetics, epigenetics, voiding habits, anatomic anomalies, and extrinsic factors such as the pathogenicity of infectious agents. Knowledge about its natural history, the implications of conservative and surgical management, and their associated outcomes have evolved dramatically over time...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Bronwyn Hilder, Pieter VanDam, Kathleen Doherty
The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature regarding the development, implementation, scope and extent of Advanced Practice Radiation Therapist (APRT) roles in Australia in peer reviewed journals, government reports, conference proceedings and reports. A search was undertaken of PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL, the ASMIRT website and, and Google Scholar to identify relevant documents. Combinations of keywords with Boolean operators ((advanced practice) OR (advanced practitioner) OR (specialist)) AND ((radiation therapist) OR (radiation therapy)) were used...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Julie Y An, Joseph A Baiocco, Soroush Rais-Bahrami
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the authorship count of all original research and review articles published in prominent Urology journals to trend patterns in authorship over the last decade. Secondarily, we evaluated bibliometric assessments and sought to understand whether authorship count was associated with citation rate and each article's field-normalized measure of impact. METHODS: Information on authorship count, date of publication, study type, journal of publication, citation rate, and relative citation ratio (RCR) was collected for all original research and review articles published in European Urology, Journal of Urology, Urology , and British Journal of Urology International between 2006 and 2016...
May 2018: Urology Practice
Hatem Kazımoğlu, Mehmet Dokur
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we bibliometrically evaluated the top 100 cited articles on urological emergencies published since 1975 with a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary perspective. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We obtained the data for this study from the Thomson Reuters Web of Science and PubMed. We determined 360 articles which were related directly or indirectly to urological emergencies between 1975 and 2017 and analyzed retrospectively the top 100 cited articles among these...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Christian B van der Pol, V Anik Sahni, Steven C Eberhardt, Aytekin Oto, Oguz Akin, Lauren F Alexander, Brian C Allen, Fergus V Coakley, Adam T Froemming, Pat F Fulgham, Keyanoosh Hosseinzadeh, Jodi K Maranchie, Rekha N Mody, Nicola Schieda, David M Schuster, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Carolyn L Wang, Mark E Lockhart
Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) has a tendency toward urothelial multifocality and is at risk for local and distant spread, most commonly to the lymph nodes, bone, lung, liver, and peritoneum. Pretreatment staging of MIBC should include imaging of the urothelial upper tract for synchronous lesions; imaging of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis for metastases; and MRI pelvis for local staging. CT abdomen and pelvis without and with contrast (CT urogram) is recommended to assess the urothelium and abdominopelvic organs...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Adam T Froemming, Sadhna Verma, Steven C Eberhardt, Aytekin Oto, Lauren F Alexander, Brian C Allen, Fergus V Coakley, Brian J Davis, Pat F Fulgham, Keyanoosh Hosseinzadeh, Christopher Porter, V Anik Sahni, David M Schuster, Timothy N Showalter, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Carolyn L Wang, Erick M Remer
Diagnosis and management of prostate cancer post treatment is a large and complex problem, and care of these patients requires multidisciplinary involvement of imaging, medical, and surgical specialties. Imaging capabilities for evaluation of men with recurrent prostate cancer are rapidly evolving, particularly with PET and MRI. At the same time, treatment options and capabilities are expanding and improving. These recommendations separate patients into three broad categories: (1) patients status post-radical prostatectomy, (2) clinical concern for residual or recurrent disease after nonsurgical local and pelvic treatments, and (3) metastatic prostate...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Michael Di Lena, J Curtis Nickel
INTRODUCTION: It is an accepted axiom that academics must publish to be considered successful. Open-source journals are quickly gaining traction in the scientific community as an effective way to disseminate important research. The open-access movement includes many successful, well-respected operations, but has also spawned a plethora of journals, some predatory and others that appear to be amateurish academic traps. We provide a first look at open-source journals, both reputable and predatory, specifically pertaining to urology...
April 6, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Steven J Weissbart, Philippe E Zimmern, Victor W Nitti, Gary E Lemack, Kathleen C Kobashi, Sandip P Vasavada, Alan J Wein
AIMS: To review the history of the Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU). METHODS: We reviewed Society meeting minutes, contacted all living former Society presidents, searched the William P. Didusch Center for Urology History records, and asked Society members to share their important Society experiences in order to gather important historical information about the Society. RESULTS: The Society initially formed as the Urodynamics Society in 1969 in the backdrop of a growing passion for scientific research in the country after World War II ended...
March 25, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Urology
Vikram M Narayan, Shreyas Gandhi, Kristin Chrouser, Nathan Evaniew, Philipp Dahm
OBJECTIVES: To use the Fragility Index to evaluate the robustness of statistically significant findings from urological randomised controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 'Fragility Index' is defined as the minimum number of patients in one arm of a trial whose status would have to change from 'event' to 'non-event', such that a statistically significant result becomes non-significant. We identified all RCTs published in four major urology journals between 2011 and 2015, and we determined the Fragility Index values for those trials reporting statistically significant results of dichotomous outcomes using the Fisher's exact test...
July 2018: BJU International
Angela MacCarthy, Shona Kirtley, Jennifer A de Beyer, Douglas G Altman, Iveta Simera
Many reports of health research omit important information needed to assess their methodological robustness and clinical relevance. Without clear and complete reporting, it is not possible to identify flaws or biases, reproduce successful interventions, or use the findings in systematic reviews or meta-analyses. The EQUATOR Network ( promotes responsible reporting and the use of reporting guidelines to improve the accuracy, completeness, and transparency of health research. EQUATOR supports researchers by providing online resources and training...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
N Hansson, B Uvelius, T Halling, F H Moll
Drawing on contemporary publications in German and Swedish/Scandinavian journals and biographies as well as conference proceedings of the German Society of Urology (DGU), this paper examines the Swedish impressions of the 1929 DGU meeting in Munich. It focusses on why the Swedish delegates visited the congress and how they evaluated their congress experiences for their Scandinavian peers. Finally, the article shows to what extent a knowledge transfer from the DGU Congress to Sweden took place.
February 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Masahiro Yao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Idir Ouzaid, Evanguelos Xylinas
Intravesical recurrence (IVR) after RNU for UTUC is a frequent event, occurring in 20-50% of patients, mostly in the first postoperative year. Several retrospective studies have shown that predictors of IVR include clinical characteristics, surgical features and as well pathological characteristics (previous history of bladder cancer, pathological stage, lymph node involvement, cis, endoscopic distal ureter, etc.) management. Two prospective studies provide level I evidence for the safety and efficacy of intravesical single postoperative chemotherapy for patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for UTUC in order to prevent IVR...
March 1, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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