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Malnutrition, undernourished

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535359/association-between-nutrition-status-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
Katia Barao, Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Nora Manoukian Forones
BACKGROUND: Aging patients with cancer have a higher risk of mortality and treatment-associated morbidity than younger patients. Nutrition status may play an important role in cancer mortality. We aimed to evaluate the survival time of elderly patients with colorectal cancer and its association with body mass index (BMI), the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and phase angle (PA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI, PG-SGA, and PA were determined for all patients (n = 250) at first assessment...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526384/stereology-shows-that-damaged-liver-recovers-after-protein-refeeding
#2
Silvio Pires Gomes, Andréa Almeida Pinto da Silva, Amanda Rabello Crisma, Primavera Borelli, Francisco Javier Hernandez-Blazquez, Mariana P de Melo, Barbara Bacci, Andrzej Loesch, A Augusto Coppi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the putative effects of a low-protein diet on the three-dimensional structure of hepatocytes and determine whether this scenario could be reversed by restoring the adequate levels of protein to the diet. METHODS: Using design-based stereology, the total number and volume of hepatocytes were estimated in the liver of mice in healthy and altered (by protein malnutrition) conditions and after protein renutrition...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514987/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-within-households
#3
Satoko Kosaka, Masahiro Umezaki
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition within households. We provide an overview of the literature regarding this phenomenon by reviewing previous studies of the prevalence of double-burden households and associated factors together with the research methods used. Studies were identified from the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, using the same search terms for both. A total of thirty-five articles met the eligibility criteria, and 367 sets of prevalence data were extracted...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484358/anthropometric-parameters-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Melika Melunovic, Feriha Hadzagic-Catibusic, Vildan Bilalovic, Samra Rahmanovic, Selma Dizdar
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cerebral palsy (CP), besides the basic neurological damage, are also often undernourished. Adequate nutrition for children is very important during the period of intensive growth and development, which is of particular importance in patients with CP. GOAL: To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with CP who are treated at the Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Centre of Sarajevo University and causes of malnutrition in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with CP underwent anthropometric assessment (body weight, body height, body mass index, head circumference, subscapular skinfold thickness, triceps skinfold thickness and mid upper arm muscle circumference)...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390845/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-adult-patients-previously-treated-with%C3%A2-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#5
Thibault Brotelle, Richard Lemal, Aurélie Cabrespine, Cécile Combal, Eric Hermet, Aurélie Ravinet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Corinne Bouteloup
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and is a well-known prognostic factor for survival. The nutritional status of patients in a long term after allo-HSCT is less well documented. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT more than one year ago. Secondary objectives were to assess body composition, muscle strength, and factors associated with malnutrition...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382608/malnutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Jacek Polański, Beata Jankowska-Polańska, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak, Grzegorz Mazur, Joanna Rosińczuk
Progressive weight loss, common reduces performance and quality of life in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, there is a paucity of studies that focus on nutritional status and quality of life of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The present study seeks to determine the nutritional status, and its relation to quality of life, of NSCLC patients. One hundred and eighty NSCLC patients (mean age 62.8 ± 9.6 years) were evaluated during therapy at the Lower Silesian Center of Lung Diseases in Wroclaw, Poland...
April 6, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#7
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300757/analysis-of-outcomes-of-the-nrs-2002-in-patients-hospitalized-in-nephrology-wards
#8
Paulina Borek, Michał Chmielewski, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Alicja Dębska Ślizień
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a common problem among hospitalized patients. In chronic kidney disease, it affects up to 50% of the population. Undernourishment has an adverse effect on prognosis and prolongs convalescence. The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of NRS (Nutrition Risk Screening) -2002 in the assessment of risk of malnutrition for patients hospitalized in nephrology wards. The aim was to develop clinical characteristics of malnourished patients and to assess the relationship between nutritional status and patient outcome...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244345/causes-assessment-and-treatment-of-malnutrition-in-older-people
#9
Helen Willis
Malnutrition is a growing problem in the UK with as many as 14% of people aged over 65 at risk. It is of particular concern in care homes where more than one third of residents are undernourished. Weight loss is not the only symptom of malnourishment and nurses should examine any changes to a person's health and well-being to identify causes. Regular monitoring of patients' risk of malnutrition through use of screening assessments, such as the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, ensures undernourishment is identified early...
February 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148680/the-plasma-proteome-is-associated-with-anthropometric-status-of-undernourished-nepalese-school-aged-children
#10
Sun Eun Lee, Christine P Stewart, Kerry J Schulze, Robert N Cole, Lee S-F Wu, James D Yager, John D Groopman, Subarna K Khatry, Ramesh Kant Adhikari, Parul Christian, Keith P West
Background: Malnutrition affects body growth, size, and composition of children. Yet, few functional biomarkers are known to be associated with childhood morphology.Objective: This cross-sectional study examined associations of anthropometric indicators of height, musculature, and fat mass with plasma proteins by using proteomics in a population cohort of school-aged Nepalese children.Methods: Height, weight, midupper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps and subscapular skinfolds, upper arm muscle area (AMA), and arm fat area (AFA) were assessed in 500 children 6-8 y of age...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139186/undernutrition-risk-and-undernutrition-in-pulmonology-department-inpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Isabel Maia, Bárbara Peleteiro, Sónia Xará, Teresa F Amaral
Pulmonology patients are predisposed to be undernourished and a wide variability in the estimates of frequency of undernutrition risk and undernutrition is found in the literature. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the prevalence of undernutrition risk and undernutrition on hospital admission in pulmonology department inpatients. We also intend to take into account the different methodologies used to evaluate undernutrition risk and undernutrition in this population. Pubmed, ISI-Web of Science, and Scopus were searched until January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086963/near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-body-fat-sensing-in-neonates-quantitative-analysis-by-gamos-simulations
#12
Fatin Hamimi Mustafa, Peter W Jones, Alistair L McEwan
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition in neonates is closely linked to low body fat percentage. Undernourished neonates are exposed to immediate mortality as well as unwanted health impacts in their later life including obesity and hypertension. One potential low cost approach for obtaining direct measurements of body fat is near-infrared (NIR) interactance. The aims of this study were to model the effect of varying volume fractions of melanin and water in skin over NIR spectra, and to define sensitivity of NIR reflection on changes of thickness of subcutaneous fat...
January 11, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#13
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#14
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777589/spirulina-supplements-improved-the-nutritional-status-of-undernourished-children-quickly-and-significantly-experience-from-kisantu-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#15
Féfé Khuabi Matondo, Kikuni Takaisi, Adolphine Bedi Nkuadiolandu, Aimé Kazadi Lukusa, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Aim. Despite high levels of malnutrition, there is still very little information on the nutritional benefits of Spirulina, a natural alga that provides essential amino acids, rare essential lipids, and numerous minerals and vitamins, to undernourished children in the world. Methods. We carried out a prospective study of 50 children aged between six and 60 months. The intervention group consisted of 16 children who received 10 g of Spirulina daily, as well as the local diet administered by the nutritional centre, and the control group of 34 children who just received the local diet...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769782/defining-malnutrition-a-plea-to-rethink
#16
P Soeters, F Bozzetti, L Cynober, A Forbes, A Shenkin, L Sobotka
In a recent consensus report in Clinical Nutrition the undernourished category of malnutrition was proposed to be defined and diagnosed on the basis of a low BMI or unintentional weight loss combined with low BMI or FFMI with certain cut off points. The definition was endorsed by ESPEN despite recent endorsement of a very different definition. The approach aims to assess whether nutritional intake is sufficient but is imprecise because a low BMI does not always indicate malnutrition and individuals with increasing BMI's may have decreasing FFM's...
June 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721533/evaluation-of-pharmacokinetics-of-single-dose-chloroquine-in-malnourished-children-with-malaria-a-comparative-study-with-normally-nourished-children
#17
Prashant P Kadam, Nithya Jaideep Gogtay, Sunil Karande, V Shah, Urmila M Thatte
OBJECTIVES: Studies on antimalarial kinetics in children or adults who are undernourished or malnourished are both limited and have yielded conflicting results. The present study was carried out with the objectives of evaluating the pharmacokinetics of single dose chloroquine and its metabolite desethylchloroquine in children who were undernourished and compare them with children who were normally nourished. METHODS: Children of either gender between the ages of 5 and 12 years, smear positive for P...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703567/the-association-between-malnutrition-and-pressure-ulcers-in-elderly-in-long-term-care-facility
#18
Lenche Neloska, Katerina Damevska, Andjelka Nikolchev, Lidija Pavleska, Biljana Petreska-Zovic, Milenko Kostov
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in elderly and is a risk factor for pressure ulcers. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in geriatric and palliative patients hospitalised in long-term care facility, and to examine the influence of nutritional status on the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study including 2099 patients admitted to the Hospital during a 24 month period (January 2013 to December 2014)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672318/nutritional-intervention-in-cognitively-impaired-geriatric-trauma-patients-a-feasibility-study
#19
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642055/espen-diagnostic-criteria-for-malnutrition-a-validation-study-in-hospitalized-patients
#20
Rita S Guerra, Isabel Fonseca, Ana S Sousa, Alison Jesus, Fernando Pichel, Teresa F Amaral
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) released a consensus statement for undernutrition diagnosis: ESPEN diagnostic criteria for malnutrition (EDC). The EDC lacks validation and therefore, the present study aims to assess the concurrent and predictive validity of this tool in a cohort of inpatients. METHODS: A prospective observational study took place in a university hospital. Concurrent validity of EDC was evaluated using the Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) nutrition status classification as the reference method...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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