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Vocal fold polyp

J Milovanovic, M Vukasinovic, A Jotic, H Vlajinac, A Milovanovic, B Pavlovic, B Banko, J Maksimovic
The aim of our study was to compare socio-demographic characteristics of vocal fold nodules, polyps and oedema. The study included patients diagnosed for the first time with vocal fold nodules, polyps and oedema at the Communication Disorders Care Center of Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery in Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade. Diagnosis was made on the basis of symptoms, clinical otorhinolaryngological and phoniatric examination and endovideolaryngostroboscopic findings. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the following data: socio-demographic status, exposure to occupational noise and air pollution, occupational voice demands, health habits, symptoms of the present voice problems and voice problems in the family...
October 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Nupur Kapoor Nerurkar, Arundhatee Sapre, Rahul Gosavi
BACKGROUND: Mucosal bridges (MBs) are rare laryngeal lesions that may cause dysphonia of varying degrees. We propose the existence of a third variant of MB besides thin and thick MBs, and have termed this as an incomplete mucosal bridge (IMB). The concept of an IMB has not been previously discussed in literature. Thin and thick MBs are attached anteriorly and posteriorly on the membranous vocal fold and may cause dysphonia because of their separate vibratory characteristics from the main vocal fold...
November 26, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Pedro Melo Pestana, Susana Vaz-Freitas, Maria Conceição Manso
INTRODUCTION: Fado is a genre of urban folk music from Portugal characterized by some particularities. Some indictions in the study point this population of singers to be at higher risk of developing voice disorders. AIM: This study aims to provide estimates of the prevalence of voice disorders in Fado singers, and to characterize the professional practice and the impact of voice disorders on their careers. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire split into six parts and 55 questions...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Peak Woo
Diplophonia can occur in patients with polyps, atrophy, paralysis, or scars. Its vibratory patterns have not been well characterized. High-speed video (HSV) analysis can contribute to their understanding. Twenty subjects with a diplophonic voice quality were studied by HSV. Diplophonia was due to medical causes including vocal fold paresis (n = 7), vocal atrophy (n = 5), polyps (n = 5), and scars/sulci (n = 3). The HSV was analyzed using a multislice digital videokymography (DKG). The DKG tracing was analyzed qualitatively and then transformed into a vibrogram waveform signal for frequency analysis...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Nain Bahadur Mahato, Deepak Regmi, Meera Bista, Pema Sherpa
INTRODUCTION: The term 'voice' is the acoustic energy generated from the vocal tract that are characterized by their dependence on vocal fold vibratory pattern. Teachers as professional voice users are afflicted with dysphonia and are discouraged with their jobs and seek alternative employment. Loud speaking and voice straining may lead to vocal fatigue and vocal fold tissue damage. The objective of the study is to assess the quality of voice of school teachers before and after teaching practice...
March 2018: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Nil Comunoglu, Ismail Kocak, Halil Ibrahim Saygi, Haydar Murat Yener, Sebnem Batur, Sirin Bakti Demiray, Ismail Seckin, Ozlem Tanriover, Cem Comunoglu
In Reinke's space of human vocal fold, type III collagen forms a three dimensional network and this contains numerous minute chambers in between these fibers. These compartments are occupied by glycosaminoglycans and glycoproteins. In laryngeal fold lesions, such as Reinke's edema and vocal fold polyps, proteoglycan (PG)/hyaluronic acid (HA) components of extracellular matrix increased. We investigated the size and quantity of the minute chambers within Reinke's space, filled with PG/HA with the aid of transmission electron microscopy...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Ertugrul Kibar, Omer Erdur, Kayhan Ozturk
PURPOSE: To evaluate upper esophageal sphincter (UES) activity in patients with benign glottic lesions. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with benign vocal fold (VF) lesions scheduled for manometric evaluation were enrolled as the study group (SG); 20 healthy subjects without vocal pathology or dysphagia were included as the control group (CG). UES residual, basal, relaxation time and peak pharyngeal pressures were evaluated by manometry. The reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS) were used to estimate the clinical findings of laryngopharyngeal reflux, and the voice handicap index (VHI) was measured in both groups...
December 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Elie Khalifee, Anthony Ghanem
PURPOSE: To report the voice outcome measures of thulium laser therapy as an office procedure in patients with vocal fold polyps. METHOD: This is a retrospective chart review of all patients with vocal fold polyps who underwent office-based thulium laser treatment between November 2016 and December 2017. Demographic data were collected. Objective voice outcome measures included extent of resolution, type of closure, and mucosal wave characteristics. Also, subjective outcome measures were reported, namely, Voice Handicap Index-10...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Makoto Hosoya, Rika Kobayashi, Toyota Ishii, Masamitsu Senarita, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Hayato Misawa, Fujinobu Tanaka, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Masatsugu Tashiro, Sawako Masuda, Sho Hashimoto, Fumiyuki Goto, Shujiro Minami, Nobuko Yamamoto, Ryoto Nagai, Akiko Sayama, Takeshi Wakabayashi, Keitaro Toshikuni, Rumi Ueha, Yoko Fujimaki, Mihiro Takazawa, Sotaro Sekimoto, Kenji Itoh, Takaharu Nito, Akiko Kada, Koichi Tsunoda
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vocal fold polyps and nodules are common benign laryngeal lesions. Currently, the Japanese health insurance system covers surgical interventions. However, the establishment of more cost-effective conservative methods is required, because healthcare costs are viewed as a major concern, and the government and taxpayers are demanding more economical, effective treatments. In this situation, more suitable vocal hygiene education may be important for the success of cost-effective conservative treatment...
August 6, 2018: Laryngoscope
Smriti Panda, Rajeev Kumar, Vikram Raj Gopinath, Prem Sagar
Myxoma is a benign tumour with a propensity for local infiltration and recurrence. Laryngeal myxoma presents as a submucosal polyp. Being an uncommon tumour and mimicking vocal cord polyp, only anecdotal evidence is available in the literature. The literature was reviewed from 1986 onwards using the keywords "myxoma" and "larynx." The databases used were PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. Along with this, we also report our case of vocal fold myxoma. We found a total of 19 studies reporting laryngeal myxoma...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Maria Del Mar Ropero Rendón, Tatiana Ermakova, Marie-Louise Freymann, Alina Ruschin, Tadeus Nawka, Philipp P Caffier
INTRODUCTION: Functional and organic impairments of the singing voice are common career-threatening problems of singers presenting in phoniatric and laryngological departments. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of phonosurgery, logopedic voice treatment and vocal pedagogy in common organic and functional voice problems of singers, including investigation of the recently introduced parameter vocal extent measure (VEM). METHODS: In a prospective clinical study, the analysis of treatment outcome in 76 singers [57 female, 19 male; 38 ± 11 years (mean ± SD)] was based on pre- and post-therapeutic voice function diagnostics and videolaryngostroboscopy...
July 2018: Advances in Therapy
Hanqing Wang, Pan Zhuge, Huihua You, Yulan Zhang, Zhifeng Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Vocal fold polyp is a benign proliferative disease in the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, and vocal microsurgery can improve the voice quality of patients with vocal fold polyp. In preliminary studies, we found that vocal training could improve the vocal quality of patients with early vocal fold polyp. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacies of vocal training and vocal microsurgery in patients with early vocal fold polyp...
May 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Elaheh Akbari, Sadegh Seifpanahi, Ali Ghorbani, Farzad Izadi, Farhad Torabinezhad
Background: Vocal abuse and misuse would result in vocal fold polyp. Certain features define the extent of vocal folds polyp effects on voice acoustic parameters. The present study aimed to define the effects of polyp size on acoustic voice parameters, and compare these parameters in hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic polyps. Methods: In the present retrospective study, 28 individuals with hemorrhagic or non-hemorrhagic polyps of the true vocal folds were recruited to investigate acoustic voice parameters of vowel/ æ/ computed by the Praat software...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ling Gao, Rui Qing Wang, Xu Ge Huang, Wei Feng Chen, Yan Chao Jiao, Yan Li Ma, Pei Yun Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the therapeutic effect on the voice recovery of patients with vocal cord polyps undergoing the microsurgery of preoperative voice therapy. METHODS: Twenty-six patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal cord polyp under stroboscope, who needed to undergo vocal cord loss resection under supportive laryngoscope, were randomly divided into control group (non-voice training) and treatment group (voice training), with each group of 13 patients. Patients in control group were just treated with surgical operation...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Mustafa Sahin, Sercan Gode, Murat Dogan, Tayfun Kirazli, Fatih Ogut
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of voice therapy (VT) and factors that may affect the response to VT in the treatment of vocal fold polyps, especially as a complement to phonosurgery. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with vocal fold polyp undergoing surgery and/or VT in a tertiary medical center. The demographic data, phoniatric history, videolaryngostroboscopic findings, polyp characteristics, VHI-10 and GRB scores, and voice analysis data were recorded before and after the treatment...
June 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Brittany N Krekeler, Elizabeth Wendt, Cameron Macdonald, Jason Orne, David O Francis, Rebecca Sippel, Nadine P Connor
Importance: It is important that clinicians understand consequences of thyoridectomy on swallowing from the patient perspective to better care for this population. Objective: Using rigorous qualitative methodology, this study set out to characterize the effect of swallowing-related symptoms after thyroidectomy on patient quality of life and swallowing-related outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, grounded theory analysis of interviews with 26 patients at 3 time points after thyroidectomy (2 weeks, 6 weeks, and 6 months)...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Min Chen, Jian Chen, Yue Yang, Lei Cheng, Hai-Tao Wu
BACKGROUND: Several studies have indicated the larynx as possible Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) reservoirs. This study explored the association between H. pylori and vocal fold leukoplakia. METHODS: The case-control study involved 51 patients with vocal fold leukoplakia and 35 control patients with vocal polyps. Helicobacter pylori was detected in tissues by the rapid urease test, nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and single-step PCR. The H. pylori-specific immunoglobulin antibodies were detected in plasma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
July 2018: Head & Neck
Chung-Guei Huang, Li-Ang Lee, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chun-Ta Liao, Chung-Jan Kang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kuo-Chien Tsao, Tse-Ching Chen, Shin-Ru Shih
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To examine whether the prevalence rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Taiwanese patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is different from that in those with a vocal polyp (VP) or vocal fold leukoplakia (VFL). METHODS: This prospective cohort study recruited 41 consecutive patients with primary LSCC and 27 and 20 patients with VP and VFL, respectively. The HPV L1 gene in surgical specimens was detected using polymerase chain reaction...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang, Feng-Chuan Lin, Li-Jen Liao, Wu-Chia Lo, Po-Wen Cheng
Importance: In-office angiolytic laser procedures have been used successfully as an alternative treatment for vocal fold polyps; little is known in detail about the treatment outcomes and adverse events. Objective: To examine the outcomes and incidence rates of adverse events associated with in-office angiolytic laser procedures with or without concurrent polypectomy as an alternative treatment for vocal fold polyps. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at a tertiary medical center...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Paulina Krasnodębska, Agata Szkiełkowska, Beata Miaśkiewicz, Elżbieta Włodarczyk, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej, Henryk Skarżyński
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic procedure of phonation is dominated by subjective assessment tools. It seems reasonable to seek methods of quantitative glottal cycle assessment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was the analysis of open quotients (OQ) of the glottis. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four people were included in the study. Methodology was based on tools available in everyday phoniatrics practice - laryngovideostroboscopy (LVS) and electroglottography (EGG)...
January 10, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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