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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647973/-study-on-the-immunization-status-and-its-influencing-factors-among-workers-from-the-polio-network-laboratories-in-china
#1
Y S Guo, J Q Wang, C Xu, Y N Liu, X H He, Q Wei
Objective: To Investigate the immune status and influencing factors of provincial polio network laboratory (PNL) workers in China so as to provide evidence for the development of related strategies to protect personnel working at the PNLs. Methods: All the practitioners from the PNLs at the provincial centers for disease control, were selected as objects for this study, from October to December, 2016, under a questionnaire survey. Information on status of immunity and influencing factors was collected, with SAS software, trend chi-square used for statistics analysis...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643508/global-polio-eradication-progress-towards-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640795/progress-toward-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#3
Nicoletta Previsani, Harpal Singh, Jeanette St Pierre, Liliane Boualam, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Roland W Sutter, Michel Zaffran
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating, and the numbers of cases and countries with endemic transmission are at record lows. With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639345/acute-flaccid-myelitis-in-childhood-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
E W Andersen, A J Kornberg, J L Freeman, R J Leventer, M M Ryan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clusters of acute limb weakness in paediatric patients have been linked to outbreaks of non-polio enteroviruses, termed acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). Outside these clusters, in countries where polio is not endemic, this poliomyelitic-like illness is rare in childhood and its natural history is not well defined. We describe presenting features, investigation findings and long-term outcome of a series of children with AFM. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636447/emerging-viral-infections-in-pakistan-issues-concerns-and-future-prospects
#5
Ali Talha Khalil, Muhammad Ali, Faouzia Tanveer, Muhammad Ovais, Muhammad Idrees, Zabta Khan Shinwari, James E Hollenbeck
Emerging infectious diseases pose a serious threat to public health security; this is especially true in the underdeveloped world because of limited resources to combat them. These emerging pathogens are characterized by a novel mode of pathogenesis and, in some cases, a broad host range. Over the past few decades, Pakistan has suffered a great deal from infectious diseases such as dengue, Crimean-Congo fever, hepatitis, measles, and polio. Changing climate conditions, environmental degradation, global warming, loss of biodiversity, and other ecological determinants have a direct effect on these diseases and result in the emergence and reemergence of infectious entities...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630462/identification-and-molecular-characterization-of-non-polio-enteroviruses-from-children-with-acute-flaccid-paralysis-in-west-africa-2013-2014
#6
Maria D Fernandez-Garcia, Ousmane Kebe, Aichatou D Fall, Kader Ndiaye
Besides polioviruses, non-polio enteroviruses (NPEVs) may also be associated with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). Because poliomyelitis is on the verge of eradication, more attention should be paid to study NPEVs from non-polio AFP cases and their epidemic patterns. In West African countries the epidemiology of NPEVs remains largely unexplored. We investigated the genetic diversity, frequency, circulation patterns, and molecular epidemiology of NPEVs in seven West African countries by analyzing retrospectively a panel of 3195 stool samples from children with AFP collected through routine poliomyelitis surveillance activities between 2013 and 2014...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621647/timeliness-and-completeness-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-in-children-by-two-years-of-age-in-alberta-canada
#7
Vineet Saini, Shannon E MacDonald, Deborah A McNeil, Sheila W McDonald, James D Kellner, Sarah A Edwards, Victoria Stagg, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVES: Assessing timeliness and completeness of vaccine administration is important for evaluating the effectiveness of immunization programs. Few studies have reported timeliness, particularly in Canada. The objective of this study was to examine timeliness of the receipt of vaccination for each routine childhood recommended vaccine by 24 months of age among children in a community-based pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta. METHODS: Survey data from a community-based pregnancy cohort in Alberta were linked to Public Health vaccination records of children (n = 2763)...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620730/advances-towards-painless-vaccination-and-newer-modes-of-vaccine-delivery
#8
Neha Garg, Anju Aggarwal
Vaccines have been successful in reducing the mortality and morbidity, but most of them are delivered by intramuscular or intravenous route. They are associated with pain to the baby and bring lot of anxiety for the parents. There has been a marked increase in the number of injections required in first two years of life for completing the vaccination schedule. Hence, there is a need to have a painless vaccine delivery system. Numerous new routes of vaccination like, oral, nasal and transdermal routes are being tried...
June 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618288/an-enhanced-enterovirus-surveillance-system-allows-identification-and-characterization-of-rare-and-emerging-respiratory-enteroviruses-in-denmark-2015-16
#9
Céline Barnadas, Sofie E Midgley, Marianne N Skov, Lotte Jensen, Mille W Poulsen, Thea Kølsen Fischer
BACKGROUND: The potential for outbreaks due to Enteroviruses (EV) with respiratory tropism, such as EV-D68, and the detection of new and rare EV species C is a concern. These EVs are typically not detected in stool specimens and may therefore be missed by standard EV surveillance systems. Following the North American outbreak of EV-D68 in 2014, Denmark piloted an enhanced EV surveillance system that included the screening of respiratory samples. OBJECTIVES: We aim to report clinical manifestations and phylogenetic descriptions from the rare and emerging EVs identified thereby demonstrating the usefulness of this system...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617263/vaccine-hesitancy-parental-professional-and-public-responsibility
#10
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Adele Anna Teleman, Davide Maged, Walter Ricciardi
The opposition to vaccinations is a well-known phenomenon that dates back to the Victorian age when it was self-limited by the awareness of the importance to be protected against fearsome infectious diseases. In the XX century, the mass use of vaccination has - instead - consented to eradicate or drastically reduce the burden of diseases such as smallpox and polio. These positive effects of the vaccination campaigns have blurred out, if not erased, the memory of the tragic consequences of the past's widespread diseases, leading people to underestimate the severity of the harm that vaccinations prevent...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606796/post-polio-like-syndrome
#11
Shingo Suzuki, Sonoko Misawa, Takahiro Ota, Yu Li, Satoshi Kuwabara, Masatomi Ikusaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604777/risk-factors-and-short-term-projections-for-serotype-1-poliomyelitis-incidence-in-pakistan-a-spatiotemporal-analysis
#12
Natalie A Molodecky, Isobel M Blake, Kathleen M O'Reilly, Mufti Zubair Wadood, Rana M Safdar, Amy Wesolowski, Caroline O Buckee, Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, Hiromasa Okayasu, Nicholas C Grassly
BACKGROUND: Pakistan currently provides a substantial challenge to global polio eradication, having contributed to 73% of reported poliomyelitis in 2015 and 54% in 2016. A better understanding of the risk factors and movement patterns that contribute to poliovirus transmission across Pakistan would support evidence-based planning for mass vaccination campaigns. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We fit mixed-effects logistic regression models to routine surveillance data recording the presence of poliomyelitis associated with wild-type 1 poliovirus in districts of Pakistan over 6-month intervals between 2010 to 2016...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602605/vaccination-in-newly-arrived-immigrants-to-the-european-union
#13
Roman Prymula, Jana Shaw, Roman Chlibek, Ingrid Urbancikova, Karolina Prymulova
The challenge of assimilating millions of immigrants in the European region each year presents significant socioeconomic issues. Among them is the threat of vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) disease transmission within immigrant groups and the broader population given the permeability of nation state borders. A total of 3.8 million people immigrated to the European Union (EU) in 2014, among those were 1.6 million non-EU nationals. While vaccines have markedly reduced the transmission of disease, clusters of under-vaccinated individuals potentiate the rapid transmission of once-eradicated or controlled diseases...
June 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591046/immunogenicity-study-to-investigate-the-interchangeability-among-three-different-types-of-polio-vaccine-a-cohort-study-in-japan
#14
Satoko Ohfuji, Kazuya Ito, Motoki Ishibashi, Shizuo Shindo, Yoshio Takasaki, Takashi Yokoyama, Takato Yokoyama, Yuji Yamashita, Keigo Shibao, Takashi Nakano, Tomomi Tsuru, Shin Irie, Yoshio Hirota
In Japan, the routine immunization program with oral polio vaccine (OPV) has been suspended since September 2012, when a program with 4 doses of inactivated monovalent polio vaccine (IPV) or quadrivalent vaccine against diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus with IPV (DTaP-IPV) was introduced. The aim of this study was to examine the interchangeability among these 3 types of polio vaccines.We conducted a prospective cohort study at 5 pediatric clinics in Japan. A total of 153 infants were assigned to 1 of the 4 groups by considering the vaccination history of OPV and trivalent vaccine against DTaP...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586561/infantile-paralysis-the-newark-polio-epidemic-of-1916
#15
Sandra Moss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: MD Advisor: a Journal for New Jersey Medical Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583305/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-new-hexavalent-vaccine-dtap5-ipv-hb-hib-administered-in-a-mixed-primary-series-schedule-with-a-pentavalent-vaccine-dtap5-ipv-hib
#16
Federico Martinón-Torres, Florence Boisnard, Stéphane Thomas, Christine Sadorge, Ray Borrow
DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib vaccine is a fully-liquid, combination hexavalent vaccine. This phase III, open-label, multicentre study conducted in Spain, evaluated the immune response to all DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib antigens when the vaccine was used in a mixed hexa/penta/hexa primary series. Infants (who had received one dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth) received a mixed schedule including DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib (PRP-OMP conjugate) at 2 and 6months of age, DTaP5-IPV-Hib at 4months, meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MCC) vaccine at 2 and 4months, and routine rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccination...
June 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582560/the-critical-role-of-acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-in-the-global-polio-eradication-initiative
#17
Rudolf H Tangermann, Christine Lamoureux, Graham Tallis, Ajay Goel
Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is a key strategy used by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) to measure progress towards reaching the global eradication goal. Supported by a global polio laboratory network, AFP surveillance is conducted in 179 of 194 WHO member states. Active surveillance visits to priority health facilities are used to assure all children <15 years with AFP are detected, followed by stool specimen collection and testing for poliovirus in WHO-accredited polio laboratories...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582559/why-transition-matters-as-much-as-eradication-lessons-from-global-polio-surveillance
#18
Joseph R A Fitchett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566010/extending-the-promise-of-the-older-americans-act-to-persons-aging-with-long-term-disability
#19
Michelle Putnam
This article discusses the need for Older Americans Act (OAA) programs to evaluate and develop where needed the capacity to serve persons aging with long-term disabilities such as intellectual and/or developmental disabilities and physical disabilities including polio, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis. The rationale for this work is the universal access to OAA programs for all adults over 60, regardless of the disability type, age of onset, or severity, acknowledging that other needs-based criteria often need to be met to receive services...
July 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560356/rotavac-%C3%A2-does-not-interfere-with-the-immune-response-to-childhood-vaccines-in-indian-infants-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Temsunaro Rongsen Chandola, Sunita Taneja, Nidhi Goyal, Kalpana Antony, Kiran Bhatia, Deepak More, Nita Bhandari, Iksung Cho, Krishna Mohan, Sai Prasad, Gvja Harshavardhan, Tataji Surender Rao, Sudhanshu Vrati, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
A phase III randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted in the urban neighborhoods of Delhi to assess whether Oral Rotavirus Vaccine ROTAVAC(®) interferes with the immune response to childhood vaccines when coadministered. Infants aged 6 weeks were randomized to receive three doses of either ROTAVAC(®) or placebo along with childhood vaccines: Oral Polio Vaccine and vaccines against Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenza type b given as Pentavalent at 6, 10, 14 weeks of age...
May 2017: Heliyon
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