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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938080/dr-polio-revisiting-fdr-s-medical-legacy
#1
Robert G Dorfman, Asher Orkaby, Sukumar P Desai
The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP), the March of Dimes, and the Georgia Warm Springs Resort were reflections of Franklin D. Roosevelt's (FDR) complicated and personal relationship with polio. Between 1934 and 1957, significant advances were made in the care of polio survivors, and new and innovative medical fields gained both public attention and funding. The plight of disabled Americans and questions of accessibility also received widespread national attention. The NFIP helped establish a new prototype for grassroots philanthropy and personified FDR's vision for national health insurance...
September 22, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930529/a-protocol-for-investigating-the-association-of-vaccination-and-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#2
Hsiuying Wang
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (Anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an acute autoimmune neurological disorder that can be triggered by virus, H1N1/tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis and polio vaccines or by presence of a tumor. The association between anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis vaccination was examined and a general protocol of phylogenetic method which details the steps and code and an example of its utility is provided. The approach used here is potentially useful for analyzing the relationship between vaccines and diseases...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930011/poliovirus-excretion-in-children-with-primary-immunodeficiency-disorders-india
#3
Madhu Chhanda Mohanty, Manisha Rajan Madkaikar, Mukesh Desai, Prasad Taur, Uma Prajwal Nalavade, Deepa Kailash Sharma, Maya Gupta, Aparna Dalvi, Snehal Shabrish, Manasi Kulkarni, Jahnavi Aluri, Jagadish Mohanrao Deshpande
Prolonged excretion of poliovirus can occur in immunodeficient patients who receive oral polio vaccine, which may lead to propagation of highly divergent vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs), posing a concern for global polio eradication. This study aimed to estimate the proportion of primary immunodeficient children with enterovirus infection and to identify the long-term polio/nonpolio enterovirus excreters in a tertiary care unit in Mumbai, India. During September 2014-April 2017, 151 patients received diagnoses of primary immunodeficiency (PID)...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929170/comparison-of-two-6-minute-walk-tests-to-assess-walking-capacity-in-polio-survivors
#4
Merel-Anne Brehm, Suzan Verduijn, Jurgen Bon, Nicoline Bredt, Frans Nollet
OBJECTIVE: To compare walking dynamics and test-retest reliability for 2 frequently applied walk tests in polio survivors: the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) to walk as far as possible; and the 6-minute walking energy cost test (WECT) at comfortable speed. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three polio survivors, able to walk ≥ 150 m. METHODS: On the same day participants performed a 6MWT and a WECT, which were repeated 1-3 weeks later...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926080/polio-n%C3%A3-rmar-sig-utrotning
#5
Erling Norrby, Ingrid Uhnoo, Mia Brytting, Katherina Zakikhany, Tiia Lepp, Patrick Olin
Polio close to eradication The WHO Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been highly successful. With a dramatic decrease in polio since it started in 1988, the number of globally reported cases reached a record low of 37 in 2016. This article describes the WHO Endgame Strategic Plan including milestones that have been reached and challenges that have to be overcome in order to reach the goal of polio eradication by 2020. Efforts to strengthen immunizations systems and to detect and interrupt polio virus transmission focus on the three remaining endemic countries, namely Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria...
September 19, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924272/achievements-of-healthcare-services-vis-a-vis-the-mdg-targets-evidence-from-pakistan
#6
Saeeda Batool, Ather Maqsood Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of public healthcare facilities and socio-economic circumstances on the status of child health. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan. The human opportunity index framework was used to measure the trends in health inequalities and coverage using Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement dataset from year 2001-02 to 2012-13 at national and provincial levels...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923422/a-novel-measles-outbreak-control-strategy-in-the-netherlands-in-2013-2014-using-a-national-electronic-immunization-register-a-study-of-early-mmr-uptake-and-its-determinants
#7
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Tom Woudenberg, Alies van Lier, Irmgard Zonnenberg, Marvin Philippi, Hester E de Melker, Susan J M Hahné
BACKGROUND: During a large measles outbreak in the Netherlands in 2013-2014, infants aged 6-14months living in municipalities with low (<90%) measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) coverage were individually invited for an early MMR using the national electronic immunization register, Præventis. We estimated uptake of early MMR prior to and during the 2013-2014 outbreak and assessed determinants for early MMR vaccination. METHODS: We obtained vaccination records from Præventis, and defined early MMR as vaccination before 415days (13months) of age...
September 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904728/evaluation-of-the-acute-flaccid-paralysis-afp-surveillance-system-gokwe-north-district-zimbabwe-2015-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#8
Annamercy Makoni, Milton Chemhuru, Notion Gombe, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: AFP surveillance was adopted globally as a key strategy for monitoring the progress of the polio eradication initiative. Gokwe North district with an estimated 119 655 children <15 years detected 2 cases, 4 cases and 1 case of AFP in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively against a target of 5 cases per year. We therefore set out to evaluate the system and find out why it was failing to detect at least 5 cases per year. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899527/restless-legs-syndrome-is-highly-prevalent-in-patients-with-post-polio-syndrome
#9
Luis Fabiano Marin, Luciane B C Carvalho, Lucila B F Prado, Acary S B Oliveira, Gilmar F Prado
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have quantified the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with post-polio syndrome (PPS). Our objective was to assess the prevalence and severity of RLS in patients with PPS and to examine the demographic characteristics of this population. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from April 2010 to May 2012 at the outpatient Neuromuscular Disorders clinic of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899411/non-polio-enteroviruses-in-faeces-of-children-diagnosed-with-acute-flaccid-paralysis-in-nigeria
#10
T O C Faleye, M O Adewumi, M O Japhet, O M David, A O Oluyege, J A Adeniji, O Famurewa
BACKGROUND: The need to investigate the contribution of non-polio enteroviruses to acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cannot be over emphasized as we move towards a poliovirus free world. Hence, we aim to identify non-polio enteroviruses recovered from the faeces of children diagnosed with AFP in Nigeria. METHODS: Ninety-six isolates, (95 unidentified and one previously confirmed Sabin poliovirus 3) recovered on RD cell culture from the stool of children <15 years old diagnosed with AFP in 2014 were analyzed...
September 12, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899311/australian-national-enterovirus-reference-laboratory-annual-report-2014
#11
Jason Roberts, Linda Hobday, Aishah Ibrahim, Thomas Aitken, Bruce Thorley
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, Australia conducts surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age as the main method to monitor its polio-free status. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2014, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893741/prevention-and-assessment-of-infectious-diseases-among-children-and-adult-migrants-arriving-to-the-european-union-european-economic-association-a-protocol-for-a-suite-of-systematic-reviews-for-public-health-and-health-systems
#12
Kevin Pottie, Alain D Mayhew, Rachael L Morton, Christina Greenaway, Elie A Akl, Prinon Rahman, Dominik Zenner, Manish Pareek, Peter Tugwell, Vivian Welch, Joerg Meerpohl, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Charles Hui, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Ana Requena-Méndez, Eric Agbata, Teymur Noori, Holger J Schünemann
INTRODUCTION: The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is developing evidence-based guidance for voluntary screening, treatment and vaccine prevention of infectious diseases for newly arriving migrants to the European Union/European Economic Area. The objective of this systematic review protocol is to guide the identification, appraisal and synthesis of the best available evidence on prevention and assessment of the following priority infectious diseases: tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis (polio), Haemophilus influenza disease, strongyloidiasis and schistosomiasis...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893198/lessons-from-a-decade-of-individual-based-models-for-infectious-disease-transmission-a-systematic-review-2006-2015
#13
Lander Willem, Frederik Verelst, Joke Bilcke, Niel Hens, Philippe Beutels
BACKGROUND: Individual-based models (IBMs) are useful to simulate events subject to stochasticity and/or heterogeneity, and have become well established to model the potential (re)emergence of pathogens (e.g., pandemic influenza, bioterrorism). Individual heterogeneity at the host and pathogen level is increasingly documented to influence transmission of endemic diseases and it is well understood that the final stages of elimination strategies for vaccine-preventable childhood diseases (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891541/inequity-in-access-to-childhood-immunization-in-enugu-urban-southeast-nigeria
#14
B S Uzochukwu, C C Okeke, E Envuladu, C Mbachu, C Okwuosa, O E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian National Programme on Immunization aims at increasing the immunization coverage of children under 1 year of age. However, there is still a gap between the national immunization targets and the immunization coverage rates, and data are rarely disaggregated according to socioeconomic status. As a result, there is a dearth of information about the coverage of subgroups, especially at the local level. This study determined the socioeconomic differentials in immunization coverage for children under 5 years and under 1 year in Enugu urban, Southeast Nigeria...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890753/introducing-an-accountability-framework-for-polio-eradication-in-ethiopia-results-from-the-first-year-of-implementation-2014-2015
#15
Aron Kassahun, Fiona Braka, Kathleen Gallagher, Aregai Wolde Gebriel, Peter Nsubuga, Pierre M'pele-Kilebou
INTRODUCTION: the World Health Organization (WHO), Ethiopia country office, introduced an accountability framework into its Polio Eradication Program in 2014 with the aim of improving the program's performance. Our study aims to evaluate staff performance and key program indicators following the introduction of the accountability framework. METHODS: the impact of the WHO accountability framework was reviewed after its first year of implementation from June 2014 to June 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890751/analysis-of-acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-in-ethiopia-2005-2015-progress-and-challenges
#16
Ayesheshem Ademe Tegegne, Braka Fiona, Meseret Eshetu Shebeshi, Fasal Teshager Hailemariam, Aron Kassahun Aregay, Berhane Beyene, Eshetu Wassie Asemahgne, Daddi Jima Woyessa, Abyot Bekele Woyessa
INTRODUCTION: Ethiopia joined the global effort to eradicate polio in 1996, and interrupted indigenous wild poliovirus transmission by December 2001. However, the country experienced numerous separate importations during 2003-2013. Sensitive Acute Flaccid (AFP) surveillance is critical to rule out undetected circulation of WPV and VDPVs. METHODS: In this study described, we used a retrospective descriptive study design to characterize the surveillance performance from 2005 to 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890193/evaluating-cessation-of-the-type-2-oral-polio-vaccine-by-modeling-pre-and-post-cessation-detection-rates
#17
Steve J Kroiss, Michael Famulare, Hil Lyons, Kevin A McCarthy, Laina D Mercer, Guillaume Chabot-Couture
The globally synchronized removal of the attenuated Sabin type 2 strain from the oral polio vaccine (OPV) in April 2016 marked a major change in polio vaccination policy. This change will provide a significant reduction in the burden of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP), but may increase the risk of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) outbreaks during the transition period. This risk can be monitored by tracking the disappearance of Sabin-like type 2 (SL2) using data from the polio surveillance system...
September 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890190/the-eradication-of-polio-have-we-succeeded
#18
Alan R Hinman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882442/polio-immunity-and-the-impact-of-mass-immunization-campaigns-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#19
Arend Voorman, Nicole A Hoff, Reena H Doshi, Vivian Alfonso, Patrick Mukadi, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Ado Bwaka, William Weldon, Sue Gerber, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: In order to prevent outbreaks from wild and vaccine-derived poliovirus, maintenance of population immunity in non-endemic countries is critical. METHODS: We estimated population seroprevalence using dried blood spots collected from 4893 children 6-59months olds in the 2013-2014 Demographic and Health Survey in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). RESULTS: Population immunity was 81%, 90%, and 70% for poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3, respectively...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859911/global-dynamics-of-a-mathematical-model-for-the-possible-re-emergence-of-polio
#20
Attila Dénes, László Székely
Motivated by studies warning about a possible re-emergence of poliomyelitis in Europe, we analyse a compartmental model for the transmission of polio describing the possible effect of unvaccinated people arriving to a region with low vaccination coverage. We calculate the basic reproduction number, and determine the global dynamics of the system: we show that, depending on the parameters, one of the two equilibria is globally asymptotically stable. The main tools applied are Lyapunov functions and persistence theory...
August 30, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
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