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Communication science disorders

Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Alan Patrício da Silva, Ĺtalla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
New technologies designed to improve the communication of autistic children can also help to promote interaction processes and cognitive and social development. The aim of this study was to analyze the instruments used to improve the communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We searched the PubMed and Web of Science databases using the descriptors "autism", "Asperger", "education", "children" and "assistive technology" and selected articles that met the following inclusion criteria: (i) original research; (ii) written in English; (iii) based on participants with a primary diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder; and (iv) tested an instrument designed to promote communication in children with autism spectrum disorder...
November 29, 2018: Clinics
Verónica Martínez-Borba, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Jorge Osma
Perinatal mental illness refers to psychiatric disorders that exist during pregnancy and up to 1 year after childbirth. The aim of this systematic review was to discuss the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on perinatal depression (PeD) screening in the past three decades. Published articles were searched between 1990 and 2018, both in English and Spanish. In the search, we used different keywords, such as "pregnancy," "depression," or "technology" in ScienceDirect, PubMed-NCBI, and Web of Science...
November 30, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Gaironeesa Hendricks, Susan Malcolm-Smith, Colleen Adnams, Dan Joseph Stein, Kirsten Ann Mary Donald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to provide a systematic review and update on the available longitudinal studies on the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on language, speech and communication development, as well as associated potential environmental confounders during the preschool period. METHODS: A literature search was restricted to English, full-text, peer-reviewed, longitudinal studies in from 1970 until present: PUBMed, Scopus, Web of Science {C-e Collection, Biological Abstracts, KCI-Kean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index, SciELO Citation Index, Zoological Rec-d}, Academic Search Premier (Africa-Wide Information, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO...
November 19, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Hayley P Drozd, Sotirios F Karathanasis, Andrei I Molosh, Jodi L Lukkes, D Wade Clapp, Anantha Shekhar
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a heterogeneous group of disorders defined by deficits in social interaction/communication and restricted interests, behaviors, or activities. Models of ASD, developed based on clinical data and observations, are used in basic science, the "bench," to better understand the pathophysiology of ASD and provide therapeutic options for patients in the clinic, the "bedside." Translational medicine creates a bridge between the bench and bedside that allows for clinical and basic science discoveries to challenge one another to improve the opportunities to bring novel therapies to patients...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Partner conflicts are the most common precipitating factors of decompensation of psychiatric disorders, including personality disorders. Personal characteristics play a fundamental role in both the prediction of marital satisfaction of the individual as well as the satisfaction of the couple as a whole. METHOD: Narrative Review of the articles, books and book chapters within the period 1956 - 2016 using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases with keywords "personality disorder," "partnership," marital problems," "marital conflicts...
September 15, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Paul William Miller, Iain William McGowan, Uri Bergmann, Derek Farrell, Derek Francis McLaughlin
EMDR therapy is recommended in several guidelines in the International field of psychological trauma. The dual attention stimuli/alternating bilateral stimulation (DAS/ABS) element of EMDR therapy has no proposed mechanism of action agreed upon, which explains the rapid shifts in cognitions and dysfunctional traumatic memory networks that are central to its observable efficacy. This paper discusses an innate, biological mechanism found in biological systems, including the human nervous system that may explain the efficacy of DAS/ABS...
December 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Nicole Rogus-Pulia, Ianessa Humbert, Christine Kolehmainen, Molly Carnes
Purpose: The field of communication sciences and disorders (CSD) faces a critical shortage of the faculty essential to train the future workforce of speech-language pathologists and audiologists. Despite a predominance of women in the field, men receive doctoral degrees, tenure status, academic leadership positions, and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association awards at disproportionately higher rates than women. The purpose of this review is to explore how implicit gender bias may contribute to female faculty advancement, including current and projected faculty workforce shortages, and to propose tangible solutions...
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Joanne Gallagher Worthley, Linda S Larrivee, Susanna E Meyer
Community settings allow individuals to connect and interact socially with others, and engage in new learning experiences. One type of community setting, public art museums, provide rich, cultural experiences for individuals that are distinctive and often repeated, due to changing exhibits. Unfortunately, for individuals with disabilities, these settings can have a negative impact if the physical environment or the social interactions with docents impede individuals' abilities to function and benefit from this type of community engagement...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Amber L Hayes
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person processes information, communicates, and behaves. This article explores ASD to help radiologic technologists understand the condition and the challenges it presents for those attempting to provide quality care in the radiologic sciences. The increase in prevalence estimates and changes to the diagnostic criteria are explained, and recent relevant research and guidelines are reviewed. Clinical practice considerations also are discussed, with emphasis on organizational strategies and evidence-based approaches to patient management...
September 2018: Radiologic Technology
Erin Relyea, Brooke MacDonald, Christina Cattaruzza, Denise Marshall
Schizophrenia is a serious chronic mental illness that results in marginalization and stigma for sufferers. It is the seventh leading cause for disability worldwide. The symptoms of the illness, including hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior, may also introduce barriers to accessing treatment, education, housing, and employment. Little is known about end-of-life care for individuals with schizophrenia. To address this gap, a scoping review was conducted to enhance understanding of hospice and palliative care for patients with schizophrenia...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Irene Jensen, Lydia Kwak
AIM: The aim is to assess whether the national policy for evidence-based rehabilitation with a focus on facilitating return-to-work is being implemented in health-care units in Sweden and which factors influence its implementation. METHODS: A survey design was used to investigate the implementation. Data were collected at county council management level (process leaders) and clinical level (clinicians in primary and secondary care) using web surveys. Data were analyzed using SPSS, presented as descriptive statistics...
October 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Shin-Ichi Kano, Eisuke Dohi, Indigo V L Rose
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have gained increasing attention as underexplored intercellular communication mechanisms in basic science and as potential diagnostic tools in translational studies, particularly those related to cancers and neurological disorders. This article summarizes accumulated findings in the basic biology of EVs, EV research methodology, and the roles of EVs in brain cell function and dysfunction, as well as emerging EV studies in human brain disorders. Further research on EVs in neurobiology and psychiatry may open the door to a better understanding of intercellular communications in healthy and diseased brains, and the discovery of novel biomarkers and new therapeutic strategies in psychiatric disorders...
September 15, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Heide Schatten, Maureen O Ripple
The significant role of centrosomes in cancer cell proliferation has been well recognized (reviewed in Schatten H, Histochem Cell Biol 129:667-86 (2008); Schatten H, Sun Q-Y, Microsc Microanal 17(4):506-512 (2011); Schatten H, Sun Q-Y, Reprod Fertil Dev. (2015a); Schatten H, Sun Q-Y, Centrosome-microtubule interactions in health, disease, and disorders. In: Schatten H (ed) The cytoskeleton in health and disease. Springer Science+Business Media, New York (2015b)) and new research has generated new interest and new insights into centrosomes as potential targets for cancer-specific therapies...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Fernando Estévez-López, Jesus Castro-Marrero, Xia Wang, Inger Johanne Bakken, Andrejs Ivanovs, Luis Nacul, Nuno Sepúlveda, Elin B Strand, Derek Pheby, Jose Alegre, Carmen Scheibenbogen, Evelina Shikova, Lorenzo Lorusso, Enrica Capelli, Slobodan Sekulic, Eliana Lacerda, Modra Murovska
INTRODUCTION: Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a chronic disease involving central nervous system and immune system disorders, as well as cardiovascular abnormalities. ME/CFS is characterised by severe chronic fatigue lasting for at least 6 months, including clinical symptoms such as tender cervical or axillary lymph nodes, muscle pain, joint pain without swelling or redness, post-exertional malaise for more than 24 hours and unrefreshing sleep. Studies on the epidemiology of ME/CFS in Europe only include single countries and, therefore, the prevalence and incidence of ME/CFS in Europe (as a whole) is unknown...
September 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Alex M Pagnozzi, Eugenia Conti, Sara Calderoni, Jurgen Fripp, Stephen E Rose
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1% of the population and leads to impairments in social interaction, communication and restricted, repetitive behaviours. Establishing robust neuroimaging biomarkers of ASD using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important step for diagnosing and tailoring treatment, particularly early in life when interventions can have the greatest effect. However currently, there is mixed findings on the structural brain changes associated with autism. Therefore in this systematic review, recent (post-2007), high-resolution (3 T) MRI studies investigating brain morphology associated with ASD have been collated to identify robust neuroimaging biomarkers of ASD...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Andrea Shin, Geoffrey A Preidis, Robert Shulman, Purna Kashyap
The importance of gut microbiota in gastrointestinal (GI) physiology was well described, but our ability to study gut microbial ecosystems in their entirety was limited by culture-based methods prior to the sequencing revolution. The advent of high-throughput sequencing opened new avenues, allowing us to study gut microbial communities as an aggregate, independent of our ability to culture individual microbes. Early studies focused on association of changes in gut microbiota with different disease states, which was necessary to identify a potential role for microbes and generate novel hypotheses...
August 25, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Paulo de Sousa, William Sellwood, Martin Griffiths, Richard P Bentall
BACKGROUND: Poor social cognition is prevalent in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Some authors argue that these effects are symptom-specific and that socio-cognitive difficulties (e.g. theory of mind) are strongly associated with thought disorder and symptoms of disorganisation.AimsThe current review tests the strength of this association. METHOD: We meta-analysed studies published between 1980 and 2016 that tested the association between social cognition and these symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
August 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Patricia Mesa-Gresa, Hermenegildo Gil-Gómez, José-Antonio Lozano-Quilis, José-Antonio Gil-Gómez
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disease that is specially characterized by impairments in social communication and social skills. ASD has a high prevalence in children, affecting 1 in 160 subjects. Virtual reality (VR) has emerged as an effective tool for intervention in the health field. Different recent papers have reviewed the VR-based treatments in ASD, but they have an important limitation because they only use clinical databases and do not include important technical indexes such as the Web of Science index or the Scimago Journal & Country Rank...
August 1, 2018: Sensors
J Bernardo Barahona-Corrêa, Ana Velosa, Ana Chainho, Ricardo Lopes, Albino J Oliveira-Maia
Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder manifesting as lifelong deficits in social communication and interaction, as well as restricted repetitive behaviors, interests and activities. While there are no specific pharmacological or other physical treatments for autism, in recent years repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), a technique for non-invasive neuromodulation, has attracted interest due to potential therapeutic value. Here we report the results of a systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the use of rTMS to treat ASD...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Borros M Arneth
BACKGROUND: The gut-brain axis facilitates a critical bidirectional link and communication between the brain and the gut. Recent studies have highlighted the significance of interactions in the gut-brain axis, with a particular focus on intestinal functions, the nervous system and the brain. Furthermore, researchers have examined the effects of the gut microbiome on mental health and psychiatric well-being.The present study reviewed published evidence to explore the concept of the gut-brain axis...
August 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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