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National lipid Association

Xin Tao, Shu-Qi Ge, Lei Chen, Li-Si Cai, Muh-Fa Hwang, Chiung-Lang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the associations of female genital infections and certain comorbidities with infertility. METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Research Database was searched for women with a new diagnosis of infertility between 2000 and 2013. Women without a diagnosis of infertility served as a control group and were matched with the infertility cases by age (±3 years) and index year. They were divided into two groups: ≤40 years old and >40 years old...
August 9, 2018: Clinics
Michelle L Hernandez, Radhika Dhingra, Allison J Burbank, Krista Todorich, Ceila E Loughlin, Marcia Frye, Kelly Duncan, Carole Robinette, Katherine Mills, Robert B Devlin, David B Peden, David Diaz-Sanchez
In a cohort of African American adolescents with persistent asthma on guidelines-based daily controller therapies, short-term elevation of low ozone levels below the National Ambient Air Quality Standard of 70 ppb were associated with lung function decrements and elevated lipid levels.
August 10, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Chao Li, Qian Ni, Yifang Pei, Yi Ren, Yufei Feng
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a meta-analysis of data from recent studies to evaluate the safety and efficacy of parenteral nutrition (PN) with structured triglyceride (STG) lipid emulsions compared to medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)/long-chain triglyceride (LCT) lipid emulsions in Chinese patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang, and VIP were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing STGs with MCTs/LCTs published in English or Chinese between January 1987 and October 2017...
July 25, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Do-Kyun Kim, Dong-Hyun Kang
UVC light, a strong surface disinfection technology, is used world-wide to ensure not only environmental safety, but also food safety. Several drawbacks associated with usage of mercury-containing UV lamps, especially, human and environmental health risks, led to the Minamata convention which prohibits manufacturing and import/export of products containing mercury. Therefore, LED-based UVC irradiation, a new technology which is eco-friendly and an effective UV emitting source, has been researched recently. However, to date, there has been no report describing pulsed UVC-LED for improving inactivation of foodborne pathogens, although much research regarding conventional pulsed xenon lamps has been published...
August 10, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Sena Sayan, Tanju Pekin, Begüm Yıldızhan
Objective This study was performed to compare the vasomotor symptoms and bone mineral density of postmenopausal women with and without metabolic syndrome. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study of 200 postmenopausal women attending routine health check-ups at Marmara Faculty of Medicine Pendik Training and Research Hospital from June 2015 to December 2015. The vasomotor symptoms scored were hot flashes and night sweats. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the consensus criteria of the International Diabetes Federation and the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute...
August 9, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Naveen R Parva, Satish Tadepalli, Pratiksha Singh, Andrew Qian, Rajat Joshi, Hyndavi Kandala, Vinod K Nookala, Pramil Cheriyath
Introduction 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), the hormonally active form of vitamin D3, is a lipid-soluble compound that plays a significant role in clinical medicine due to its potent effects on calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. Since foods containing natural vitamin D are rare, the primary source of the compound remains its nonenzymatic dermal synthesis through exposure to ultraviolet rays in sunlight. Although uncommon in most developed countries, recent literature has demonstrated that subclinical vitamin D deficiency can exist in certain populations and plays a role in downstream clinical consequences, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, and fractures...
June 5, 2018: Curēus
Meghan L Ruebel, Peter Z Schall, Uros Midic, Kailey A Vincent, Benjamin Goheen, Catherine A VandeVoort, Keith E Latham
STUDY QUESTION: Which different pathways and functions are altered in rhesus monkey oocytes that fail to mature after an ovulatory stimulus? SUMMARY ANSWER: FTM oocytes complete a large portion of the transition in transcriptome composition associated with normal maturation, but also manifest numerous differences that indicate incomplete transcriptional repression and cytoplasmic maturation affecting multiple processes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Oocyte maturation defects contribute to unexplained female infertility...
August 3, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Yüksel Peker, Özen K Başoğlu, Hikmet Fırat
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of The Turkish Sleep Apnea Database (TURKAPNE) study is to generate a cross-sectional nationwide database for defining the clinical and polysomnographic characteristics of the patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this ongoing project, all consecutive adults with suspected OSA are recruited from the sleep centers of the university and research hospitals in Turkey. Information on anthropometric data, educational status, driving license, smoking habits, alcohol use, comorbidities, drug use, questionnaires, polysomnographic, and/or cardiorespiratory polygraphic findings are recorded in a systematized Web-based report form...
July 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Abdul Basit, Asher Fawwad, Huma Qureshi, A S Shera
OBJECTIVE: The second National Diabetes Survey of Pakistan (second NDSP) was planned to ascertain the updated prevalence of diabetes, pre-diabetes and associated risk factors at the national and provincial levels. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The survey was conducted by using multistage clustering technique in all four provinces of Pakistan from February 2016 to August 2017. An estimated sample size of 10 800 was calculated using probability sampling and multistage stratified sampling technique...
August 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Leilei Liu, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Kunpeng Deng, Xu Chen, Cheng Cheng, Xinping Luo, Ming Zhang, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Yang Zhao, Dechen Liu, Junmei Zhou, Chengyi Han, Xuejiao Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Feiyan Liu, Chongjian Wang, Dongsheng Hu
BACKGROUND: To compare the accuracy of different obesity indexes, including waist circumference (WC), weight-to-height ratio (WHtR), body mass index (BMI), and lipid accumulation product (LAP), in predicting metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to estimate the optimal cutoffs of these indexes in a rural Chinese adult population. METHODS: This prospective cohort involved 8468 participants who were followed up for 6 years. MetS was defined by the International Diabetes Federation, American Heart Association, and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute criteria...
August 6, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
F Jabar, S Colatruglio, E Sellers, K Kroeker, B Wicklow
Children of mothers with youth-onset (<18 years) type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at increased risk of youth-onset T2D. In Canada, the highest reported prevalence of youth-onset T2D is in First Nation youth, some of whom harbor a unique genetic predisposition HNF1α polymorphism which has been associated with age of onset and clinical presentation. To describe the characteristics of the Next Generation birth cohort (n=260) at 7-9 years (n=88) and 14-16 years of age (n=27). This is a cross-sectional study of offspring exposed in utero to T2D (Next Generation Birth Cohort)...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
John J Atherton, Andrew Sindone, Carmine G De Pasquale, Andrea Driscoll, Peter S MacDonald, Ingrid Hopper, Peter Kistler, Tom G Briffa, James Wong, Walter P Abhayaratna, Liza Thomas, Ralph Audehm, Phillip J Newton, Joan O'Loughlin, Cia Connell, Maree Branagan
Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome that is secondary to an abnormality of cardiac structure or function. These clinical practice guidelines focus on the diagnosis and management of HF with recommendations that have been graded on the strength of evidence and the likely absolute benefit versus harm. Additional considerations are presented as practice points. Main recommendations: Blood pressure and lipid lowering decrease the risk of developing HF. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors decrease the risk of HF hospitalisation in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
August 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Y N He, W H Zhao, G Y Bai, Y H Fang, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥18 years. Methods: The data were obtained from 2010- 2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey. A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey, the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study. MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013. The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95 %CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Zhenni Zhu, Fan Wu, Ye Lu, Zhengyuan Wang, Jiajie Zang, Huiting Yu, Changyi Guo, Xiaodong Jia, Xianbiao Shen, Gangqiang Ding
BACKGROUND: The associations between dietary cholesterol and fatty acids and serum lipids are controversial. This study is to examine the association of dietary cholesterol and fatty acids with serum lipids and dyslipidemia in Chinese metropolitan male and female adults. METHODS: 3850 participants in the Shanghai Diet and Health Survey were investigated during the period 2012⁻2013. Information was obtained on dietary intake, anthropometric and blood laboratory measurements...
July 25, 2018: Nutrients
Dong Wook Shin, Beomseok Suh, Youngmin Park, Hyunsun Lim, Yun-Suhk Suh, Jae Moon Yun, BeLong Cho, Han-Kwang Yang
BACKGROUND: Small studies suggest improvement of cardiovascular risk profiles and reduced cardiovascular mortality after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. In our study using national health insurance data, we investigated coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke incidence among gastric cancer patients who received gastrectomy compared with general population controls. METHODS: A total of 98,936 gastric cancer patients were included in the study and matched to non-cancer controls via 1:1 propensity score matching...
July 24, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Sarah K Lyons, Claire T Boyle, Daniel J DeSalvo, Michael R Rickels, Lauren K Wood Heickman, Kellee M Miller, Nicole C Foster, Mark A Clements
For individuals ages 10-<40 years with type 1 diabetes and dyslipidemia, U.S. national guidelines recommend consideration of statin therapy based on age, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level and other cardiovascular risk factors. We evaluated dyslipidemia prevalence, statin therapy use, and associations between not meeting target LDL-C (<100 mg/dL [<5.55 mmol/L]) and other CVD risk factors in individuals ages 10-<40 years in the T1D Exchange clinic registry. Of 7,223 participants, statin use was 2% in 10-<18 year olds, 4% in 18-<25 year olds, and 21% in 25-<40 year olds...
July 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Farahnaz Salehinia, Hengameh Abdi, Farzad Hadaegh, Sara Serahati, Majid Valizadeh, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
AIMS: To investigate future diabetes in different abdominal obesity phenotypes during 12 years of follow-up. METHODS: For this population-based cohort, 7982 adults without diabetes including 3533 men and 4449 women, aged ≥ 20 years were selected from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Abdominal obesity was defined according to the national cutoffs for waist circumference (WC). Metabolic health was defined as having ≤ 1 metabolic abnormality based on Joint Interim Statement (JIS) criteria other than WC...
July 20, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
V Higgins, S Asgari, M K Chan, K Adeli
OBJECTIVES: Increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and associated co-morbidities has heightened the concern for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk later in life. Although the fasting lipid profile is traditionally used to assess CVD risk, the non-fasting lipid profile may simplify lipid testing and better predict CVD risk. Unfortunately, non-fasting lipid reference values are limited, particularly for children. The Canadian Laboratory Initiative on Pediatric Reference Intervals (CALIPER) has recruited thousands of healthy pediatric subjects to develop a pediatric reference interval database...
July 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Sun-Hye Ko, Jaewook Jeong, Myong Ki Baeg, Kyung-Do Han, Hwan Soo Kim, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Yoon Hong Chun
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia contribute to the development of a pro-inflammatory state in asthma. However, studies investigating the association between asthma and dyslipidemia have reported conflicting results. This study aimed to uncover the relationship between asthma and lipid profiles in adolescents using a national health and nutrition survey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed the 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data and included 2841 subjects aged 11-18 years with fasting blood sample data...
July 18, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Magda Ambros Cammerer, Sandro Cadaval Gonçalves, Gustavo Neves de Araujo, Michael Everton Andrades, Amanda Lopes, Marco Vugman Wainstein
Antioxidant-rich foods may decrease oxidative stress and have a direct impact on atherosclerosis by reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Our aim was to assess the impact of a flavonoid-rich diet on oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and lipid profile in patients with coronary artery disease submitted to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Thirty-three patients submitted to elective PCI were randomly allocated to follow either a flavonoid rich antioxidant (AOX) diet or a control diet based on National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III recommendations...
June 2018: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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